Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Jinney (Johnson) SLAUGHTER 1803-1879

In the Last Will and Testament of Henry Honaker (1795-1863) transcribed in Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Jinney, Aaron, Hannah, James, Peggy, Abby, and Charles, Henry wrote:

When the Executors have sold the property and collected the money and paid all just debts and expences then I wish them to retain money enough in their hands to pay all expences of taking care of my old black woman Jinney, during her life.

Why am I repeating a name I have already released? Ta Lee, who I have been corresponding with, has researched the Honaker slaves as they marry into her Hall line. Like any good researcher she has applied the FAN Principle (Friends, Associates, and Neighbors) to answer questions she has for her enslaved families.

She pointed out to me that I had missed a very important clue in the chancery records in which I found the last will and testament of Henry Honaker. I thought 1. she meant I had overlooked something in the will or 2. the copy in the chancery records may have not been a true copy of the original. But these were not the case. Ta pointed out that I failed to notice documents included in the chancery package which give more information on the slave named Jinney.

Ta caught me not being thorough. I had not read all of the 228 pages of the chancery package as I had only been interested in transcribing the will included in the file. I went through the records again and found the documents Ta was hinting about.

Support of Jinney

As was required by her slaveholder in his will, Jinney was supported by the Henry Honaker estate. Slips of paper were found in the chancery package documenting the monies which were received by Jinney‘s husband Barnet “Barney” Slaughter for her support in 1868, 1869, 1870, and 1871.

1870aug9jennieslaughtersupport
[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015 : image 115]
We do hereby certify that by the direction
of John S. Draper we paid to Barnet
Slaughter fifty Dollars for keeping his
wife Jinney through the year 1868 and that
the said J. S. Draper settled the amount with
us.        Given under our hand this
9th day of August 1870.
                                         James D. Calfee
                                          Joshua A. Holmes

1870aug11jennieslaughtersupport
[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015 : image 113]
Received of John S. Draper and
John C. Graham Executors of Henry Honaker
Dec’d fifty Dollars for the support of my
wife Jinnie (for whom provision is made by
the last will and testament of said Honaker)
this is for the year 1868 and by the hands of
Messrs. Calfee and Holmes. Given under my
hand this the 11th day of August 1870.
Teste                                         his
Wm B. Calfee               Barnet  X Slaughter
                                                 mark

1869nove24jinniesupport1869
[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015 : image 109]
Received of John S. Draper
and John C. Graham Exevutors
of Henry Honaker Dec’d fifty Dollars
for the maintenance of my wife Jinnie
for whom provision is made by sd Honaker
in his last will and testament. This is
for the year 1869. Given under my hand
this 24th day of November 1869.
                                          his
Teste                      Barnet X Slaughter
Margaret I. Draper      mark

1871aug11jinneysupport1870
[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015 : image 111]
Received of John S. Draper twenty five Dollars
for the support of my wife Jinnie for whom
provision is made in the last will and testa-
ment of Henry Honaker Dec’d, it being for
the first half of the year 1870. Given under
my hand this the 22th day of August 1870.
Teste                                        his
Wm B. Calfee           Barnet X Slaughter
                                                mark        

1870dec17jinniesupport
[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015 : image 93]
December the 17, 1870
Janie Slughter. Received of
J. A. Holmes Seventy five Dollars
for his seport ordered By John S. Draper
Administer of Henry Honaker Dec’d.
                                    his
                      Barney X Slughter
                                mark

1871feb7mosesandbarnetslaughter
[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015 : image 91]
February 7 day 1871
Mr. John S. Draper please send
me by Moses Slaughter 100 pounds
of Baean (sic) and 10 bushels of wheat
by Soaaing(?) you will Oblege me
                                Barnet Slauter

The above slips of paper are likely the vouchers referred to in the following:

image127
image128 [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015 : image 127 and 128]

John C. Graham and John S. Draper will be due to the estate the sum of $51.04 as of the 15th day of October 1874. The said Executors are required by the will of the testator after paying all debts and expenses to retain sufficient sums no then hand to pay for the support and maintenance of his old black woman Jinnie during her life. The amount paid yearly for her maintenance for the last several years has been $25.00 per year. And if no greater amount is required for her support yearly in the future, your Commissioner is of opinion that the Exors should retain for the maintenance of the said Jinnie about the sum of $372.71 providing that your Honor does not allow the accounts of Waller B. Staples and Baskerville & Walker. But should your Honor allow those accounts these will only be the sum of $51.04 which will only support the said Jinnie for two years. I would respectively state that John S. Draper one of the Exors stated before your Commissioner that the yearly amount paid for the support of the said Jinnie is fifty dollars instead of twenty five dollars. Your Commissioner could not find vouchers in the settlement of the Exors “CC” for fifty dollars per year. Your Comm. would state here that he believes the statement of John S. Draper to be true and correct and the said Jinnie being now supported by one Barney Slaughter, a colored man. It is more than probable that he has not presented his claim properly before the Executors for settlement. 

Source:
Chancery Records Index
Locality: Pulaski County
Index Number: 1881-015
Plaintiff(s): Admr of William Hoge, Exrs of Henry Honaker
Defendant(s): Admr. of William Hoge Etc., Exrs of Henry Honaker Etc.
Surname(s) : Aaron~, Abby~, Allison, Breeding, Charles~, Comer, Draper, Fugate, Galbreath, Graham, Hannah~, Hoge, Honaker, James~, Jordan, Kirkner, Newman, Peggy~, Shaffer, Summers
Wills: 1863 Henry Honaker of Pulaski County, Virginia (images 145-151)
Format: Scanned (228 images)
http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015

Why Are These Documents Important?

When we research our ancestors documents reveal information we may not notice on first glance. In the vouchers, the relationship of Jinney to Henry Honaker is not clearly stated. However, if we go back to the will mentioned, we see she was an enslaved person of Henry Honaker. These little slips of paper also give genealogical information. Jinney was the wife of Barnet or Barney Slaughter. They were written and signed after the Civil War when Jinney was a free person and clearly state Barney Slaughter was her husband.

Jinney came to Henry Honaker (1795-1863) through the last will and testament of his father Henry HONAKER (1756-1830) in 1830.  [Source: The Honaker Family in America, a book edited by Frieda Patrick Davison, 1998 © The National Association of Hans Jacob Honaker Families.]

Jinney’s name was spelled Jinney, Jinnie, Janie, and Jennie. She died 30 May 1879 in Pulaski County, Virginia. At the time of her death, her name was given as Jennie Slaughter on her death record. She was 76 years old, a housekeeper, daughter of Peter Johnson and Hannah, and wife of Barney Slaughter. [Source: Ancestry.com. Virginia, Deaths and Burials Index, 1853-1917.]

Barney predeceased his wife Jinney, dying on 14 July 1875 in Pulaski County, Virginia. He was born in Richmond City and was 78 years old at the time of death. [Source: Ancestry.com. Virginia, Deaths and Burials Index, 1853-1917.]

Another record was found to support Jinney’s maiden name, the name of her husband, and a parental relationship to the deceased. Dilsy Miller, a black, female, age 73 died in Dublin, Pulaski County, Virginia, on 19 October 1912. Her parents were listed as Barnett Slaughter and Jennie Johnson. [Source: Ancestry.com. Virginia, Death Records, 1912-2014.]

bestwishescathy1

True's statementFollowing my three part series on the slaves of my 5th grand-father James Sims during Black History Month in February 2015 I made a commitment to write a post on a monthly basis until I’ve RELEASED all of the names of slaves owned by my ancestors or owned by persons I’ve researched who were relatives or neighbors of my ancestors. These posts are part of the Slave Name Roll Project which can be found on Schalene Jennings Dagutis’ blog Tangled Roots and Trees

© 2016, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

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Author: Cathy Meder-Dempsey

As a military brat I've lived in Georgia, France, Idaho, West Virginia, Spain, South Carolina, Texas, and Luxembourg. Married 39 years with two grown children. When I’m not doing genealogy, I spend time riding my racing bike with my husband through the wonderful countryside in Luxembourg and surrounding countries.

5 thoughts on “Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Jinney (Johnson) SLAUGHTER 1803-1879”

  1. Wow. It’s incredible to see how these pieces of paper fill out the life of this woman and the relationship with her former “owner.” I’ve just finished reading Colson Whitehead’s book, The Underground Railroad, and it does an incredible job of conveying the horror of slavery. I highly recommend it.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. The chancery records, when the package is as large as this one, are a lot of work if they are to be included in a family history. Henry Honaker was a 1st cousin 5 times removed. His grandfather, my immigrant ancestor, has been well researched and I seem to not do much with this line other than work on the direct ancestors.
      Thank you for the book recommendation.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. I can only imagine. We all can only do so much. The number of relatives we’ve had increases exponentially with every generation back, and we all have only limited time. That’s why I’ve moved on to my Katzenstein direct line. Staying with the Schoenthal collateral lines would have taken at least another year!

        Liked by 1 person

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