52 Ancestors: #6 Michel LORENTZ and Catharina STENGENFORT of Ingeldorf

Michel LORENTZ and Catharina STENGENFORT (STEINFORT) are the 5th great-grandparents of my children through their paternal line. Michel married Catharina on 21 November 1756 in Diekirch.[1], [2]

1756lorensstengenfortmarriagecard
Marriage Index Card [1]
The marriage index card for their marriage gives the date and parish but no information on the volume number of the register or the page. This means a bit more page by page searching but I am getting used to searching the church records.

1756lorensstengenfortmarriage
1756 Marriage Record[2]

Michael Lorens filius legitimus Mathias
Lorens p.m. in Ingeldorf et Catharina
Stengenfort filia legitima Petri
Stengenfort ex Naschem copulati
sunt 21t 9bris 1756.

The abbreviation p. m.  (piae memoriae) after the name of the groom’s father is an indication that he was deceased at the time of his son’s marriage. This abbreviation is not found after the bride’s father’s name. His place of residence is Naschem which is Nagem (Luxembourgish: Nojem). Nagem belonged to the parish of Rédange-sur-Attert. I have not been able to locate a death entry for Petri or a birth record for the bride Catharina in these church records which begin in 1733. Her maiden name was spelled STENGENFORT on the marriage and death record; this was taken into consideration while searching for the baptismal record.

Michael LORENTZ was born on 6 December 1733 in Ingeldorf to Mathias LORENS and his wife Eva. Michel, as his name was later written, was baptized the same day in Ingeldorf; the godparents were Michael LORENTZ and Appollonia FRENTZ from “Nomeren”.[3]

1733michaellorentzbaptism
1733 Baptismal entry for Michael Lorentz [3]
Victor Racine’s Le Petit Latin pour la généalogie au Luxembourg includes tidbits of information on parish records including the following (translated from German to English):

At baptism, a girl always gets the first name of the godmother, a boy that of the godfather. Baptism usually takes place on the day of birth, but at the latest the next morning. Substitutes are allowed for non-local sponsors. Godfather and godmother are very often for the first son of a couple, the paternal grandfather and the maternal grandmother and for the first daughter, the maternal grandfather and the paternal grandmother. In the case of a life-threatening condition, the midwife performs an emergency baptism. The absence of the father, “patre absente” in some cases is irrelevant, since besides the priest and the godfather, no man attends a baptism. Lords and other notables were very popular godparents with their staff and respected families.

Michel LORENTZ appears to be the first child of Mathias and Eva. I found one other child, a son Jean Philipp born in 1737.[4] If I follow the rule for godparents, above, then Appollonia FRENTZ may be a maternal relative if not Michel’s grandmother.

I checked Thomas Webers’ Familienbuch Nommern und Cruchten 1637-1923 and found only one person of this name, a daughter of Nicolas FRENTZ and Gudula BRITZ. Appollonia’s parents were both deceased in 1733. She had a younger sister named Eva who was born 7 February 1698, a month after the death of her father, Nicolas FRENTZ.[5] Mr. Webers does not have marriage information for the daughter Eva most likely because marriages for Nommern are only available for the years 1678-1719, 1751-1765, 1769-1797. The missing years between 1720 and 1750 may be the downfall of the research and evaluation that needs to be performed before I can add FRENTZ as the maiden name of Michel’s mother Eva.

Michel’s father Mathias LORENS died on 21 September 1753 in Ingeldorf. Death records were searched from 1737 to 1773 for a death record for Eva, wife or widow of Mathias LORENS. This search was not fruitful but I was not at the time on the lookout for Eva FRENTZ, her possible maiden name.

Michel’s wife Catharina STENGENFORT (STEINFORT) was, as seen in the marriage record, the daughter of Petri STENGENFORT of Nagem. If Michel and Catharina followed the naming pattern, the godparents chosen for their ten children, below, may lead to more information on Catharina’s family.

  1. Eva was born and baptized on 10 December 1757 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Philippus LORENS and Eva LORENS, both of Ingeldorf.[6]
  2. Philippus was born and baptized on 21 December 1760 in Ingeldorf. His godparents were Philippus LORENS from Ingeldorf and Anna Catharina STENGENFURT from Nierenhausen (an old form of the village named Nagem).[7]
  3. Maria Elisabetha “Maria” was born and baptized on 27 February 1762 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Petrus HONEN from Kruchten and Maria Elisabetha FRENTZ from Nommern.[8]
  4. Susanna was born and baptized on 22 April 1764 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Nicolaus JUTTEL and Susanna REIGER, both of Diekirch.[9]
  5. Catharina “Catherine” was born and baptized on 14 July 1767 in Ingeldorf.  Her godparents were Petrus MERTEN of Diekirch and Catharina LINKELS of Ingeldorf.[10]
  6. Joannes “Johan” was born and baptized on 18 March 1769 in Ingeldorf. His godparents were Joannes CLOSTER of Erpelding and Barbara MOSINGER of Bettendorf.[11]
  7. Eva was born and baptized on 27 April 1771 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Mathias WILLEMS from Mosinger Hof and Eva LINCKELS of Ingeldorf.[12]
  8. Anna Catharina was born and baptized on 13 February 1773 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Jacobus CONRADT of Diekirch and Anna Catharina HENGEN of Cruchten.[13]
  9. Mathias was born and baptized on 27 May 1775 in Ingeldorf. His godparents were Mathias MOSINGER of Bettendorf and Anna Maria PÜTZ of Nagem.[14]
  10. Anna Maria was born and baptized on 28 December 1777 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Henniricus MATHAI of Ingeldorf and Anna Maria RIEGER of Diekirch.[15]

The godmother of child #2 Anna Catharina STENGENFURT and of child #9 Anna Maria PÜTZ, both of Nagem, will be researched for the connection to Catharina STENGENFORT. A handwritten genealogy of the families from Nagem written in 1880 by the parish priest Martin BLUM may also provide missing pieces.

Ch 3: Maria Elisabetha “Maria” LORENTZ married Mathias STERES (1753-1826) of Bettendorf, son of Michel STERES and Susanne CARIERS, on 27 January 1778 in Diekirch.[16]

Ch 2: Philippus LORENTZ married Catharina GRASSER (1768-1829), daughter of Georgii GRASSER and Anna Maria DENNEWALT, on 11 January 1785 in Bettendorf. Philippus’ father Michel worked as a ploughman in Ingeldorf at the time of son’s marriage.[17]

Ch 4: Susanna LORENTZ died on 16 October 1789 in Ingeldorf at the age of 25 years.[18] She never married or had children.

The father of this family, Michel LORENTZ died 9 November 1791 in Ingeldorf.[19] He lived long enough to see two children marry and give him seven grandchildren. He was followed by his wife Catharina STENGENFORT (STEINFORT) on 14 April 1793 in Ingeldorf.[20]

Five of Michel and Catharina’s children were still single. Two of their daughters, both named Eva, may have predeceased them. No record has been found for their deaths. After the deaths of the parents, the family timeline continued as follows:

Ch 5: Catharina “Catherine” LORENTZ married Jean MOHNEN (1776-1817) on 30 December 1793 in Diekirch.[21]

Ch 6: Joannes “Johan” LORENTZ married Cathérine ROBERTY (1772-1819) of Warken on 16 July 1797 in Ettelbrück.[22]

Ch 8: Anna Catharina LORENTZ married Simon TIRARD (1780- ) on 12 May 1802 in Ettelbrück. Simon was from Thionville, Meurthe et Moselle, France.[23]

Ch 2: Philippus LORENTZ died 30 April 1803 in Bettendorf.[24] His widow remarried after Philippe’s death to Michel KAYSER on 12 March 1804 in Bettendorf.[25]

Ch 10: Anna Maria LORENTZ married Johann WEIMERSKIRCH (1769-1832) on 18 July 1803 in Weimerskirch. The 1803 record of marriage was likely lost as a new record was written up on 17 June 1826 in Neudorf (Eich). I examined the church records of Weimerskirch; the marriages for the year 1803 are missing. The civil marriage record created on 17 June 1826 includes information about Johann WEIMERSKIRCH’s parents and their deaths; his first marriage; the death of wife in 1803; the marriage to Anna Maria LORENTZ on 18 July 1803 performed by Jos. MATHIEU in Weimerskirch; and the 4 children with their dates of birth born during the marriage to Anna Maria LORENTZ, legitimizing the children. The 1826 marriage record is very difficult to read.[26]

Ch 9: Mathias LORENTZ married Margaretha PREUSEN (1785-1843) on 28 November 1809 in Diekirch.[27] Margaretha was born on 13 July 1785 in Diekirch.[28] Mathias and Margaretha are my children’s fourth great-grandparents.

Ch 6: Joannes “Johan” LORENTZ died on 28 December 1819 in Warken (Ettelbruck).[29]

Ch 9: Mathias LORENTZ died on 12 December 1822 in Diekirch.[30]

Ch 3: Maria Elisabetha “Maria” LORENTZ died on 30 January 1824 in Ingeldorf.[31]

Mathias STERES, widower of Maria Elisabetha (Ch 3) died on 25 August 1826 in Ingeldorf.[32]

Catharina GRASSER, widow of Philippus (Ch 2), died on 20 May 1829 in Bettendorf.[33]

Ch 10: Anna Maria LORENTZ died on 17 April 1838 in Neudorf.[34]

Ch 5: Catharina “Catherine” LORENTZ died on 15 March 1839 in Ingeldorf.[35]

Margaretha PREUSEN, widow of Mathias (Ch 9) died on 17 November 1843 in Diekirch.[36]

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Michel LORENTZ
Parents:  Mathias LORENTZ and Eva
Spouse: Catharina STENGENFORT (STEINFORT)
Parents of spouse: Petri STENGENFORT
Whereabouts: Ingeldorf and Nagem
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s 4th great-grandparents

1. Michel LORENTZ and Catharina STEINFORT
2. Mathias LORENTZ
3. Maria “Marie” LORENTZ
4. Elisabetha “Elisabeth” “Elise” FABER
5. Johann Peter “Jean-Pierre” MEDER
6. Marcel Mathias MEDER
7. husband of Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Twenty-five grandchildren of Michel and Catharina have been found.  The children of the Lorentz-Roberty and Tirard-Lorentz couples who married in Ettelbrück have not been looked into.

bestwishescathy1Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, registres paroissiaux, 1601-1948 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Tables des mariages 1700-1798 (index organisée par l’époux) > image 571 of 1195. 1756 Marriage Index Card. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32461-10014-69?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-DPV:1500890501,1501181502 : accessed 19 July 2015).
[2] Ibid., Diekirch > Mariages 1743-1794 > image 18 of 122. 1756 Marriage Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32400-4113-50?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B87:1500890501,1500891002 : accessed 19 July 2015).
[3] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1647-1664, 1672-1743, mariages 1698-1741, sépultures 1698-1729 > image 163 of 240. 1733 Baptismal Record (left page, 7th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-M7HV?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B8B%3A1500890501%2C1500890502 : 9 January 2015),.
[4] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1647-1664, 1672-1743, mariages 1698-1741, sépultures 1698-1729 > image 163 of 240. 1737 Baptismal Record (right page, 4th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-M7HV?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B8B%3A1500890501%2C1500890502 : 9 January 2015).
[5] Thomas Webers, Familienbuch Nommern und Cruchten 1637-1923, (PDF, 2015) p. 193, Family #618.
[6] Luxembourg Church Records, Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 79 of 373. 1757 Baptismal Record (right page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LH1Q?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[7] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 95 of 373. 1760 Baptismal Record (left pge, 2nd from bottom). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LHRV?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 Feb 2017),.
[8] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 104 of 373. 1762 Baptismal Record (left page, 2nd entry from bottom). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LHVD?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[9] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 120 of 373. 1764 Baptismal Record (left page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-LHH9?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 Feb 2017).
[10] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 138 of 373. 1767 Baptismal Record (right page 5th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WM-LHSK?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[11] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 149 of 373. 1769 Baptismal Record (right page, 5th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WM-LH63?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[12] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 165 of 373. 1771 Baptismal Record (left page, 1st entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-LHWX?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[13] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 176 of 373. 1773 Baptismal Record (right page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LHXT?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[14] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 192 of 373. 1775 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32421-7418-24?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL:1500890501,1500918030 : accessed 11 July 2015).
[15] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789  > image 208 of 373. 1777 Baptismal Record (right page, 2nd entry from bottom). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-LCLP?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[16] Ibid., Diekirch > Mariages 1743-1794 > image 46 of 122. 1778 Marriage Record (right page, first entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-MWJ9?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B87%3A1500890501%2C1500891002 : accessed 5 February 2017).
[17] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1797-1800, baptêmes 1779-1793, mariages 1779-1793, 1797-1800, décès 1797-1800, sépultures 1779-1793 > image 71 of 222. 1785 Marriage Record (right page). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WM-MS6S?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPK%3A1500974653%2C1500990942 : 9 January 2015),.
[18] Ibid., Diekirch > Sépultures 1743-1793 > image 111 of 140. 1789 Death Record (left page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LHVZ?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-6Y7%3A1500890501%2C1500929176 : 9 January 2015).
[19] Ibid., Diekirch > Sépultures 1743-1793 > image 123 of 140. 1791 Death Record (right page, 5th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-LHHB?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-6Y7%3A1500890501%2C1500929176 : accessed 3 February 2017).
[20] Ibid., Diekirch > Sépultures 1743-1793 > image 135 of 140. 1793 Death Record (left page, 3rd entry from bottom). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LH6Z?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-6Y7%3A1500890501%2C1500929176 : accessed 3 Feb 2017).
[21] Ibid., Diekirch > Mariages 1743-1794 > image 115 of 122. 1793 Marriage Record (left page). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-M7RK?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B87%3A1500890501%2C1500891002 : 9 January 2015).
[22] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Ettelbruck > Naissances 1885-1890 Mariages 1796-1844 > image 198 of 1505. 1797 Marriage Record, part 1 (30 fructidor an 5). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6X2S-M3T?cc=1709358&wc=9RYC-FM9%3A129625001%2C130529102 : 17 July 2014).
[23] Ibid., Ettelbruck > image 310 of 1505. 1802 Marriage Record No. 10 (22 Floreal an X). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6XL3-Z4?cc=1709358&wc=9RYC-FM9%3A129625001%2C130529102 : 17 July 2014).
[24] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 873 of 1494. 1803 Death Record No. 10 (10 floreal an XI). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-69X?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : 17 July 2014).
[25] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 1323 of 1507. 1804 Marriage Record No. 32. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-3487-82?cc=1709358 : accessed 26 September 2015).
[26] Ibid., Eich > Mariages 1794-1841 > image 1128 of 1498. 1826 Marriage Record No. 19. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DBRW-ZC4?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-829%3A129629601%2C129984601 : 17 July 2014).
[27] Ibid., Diekirch > Naissances 1879-1890 Mariages 1796-1842 > image 750 of 1492. 1809 Marriage Record page 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11618-101768-87?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2N2:1627336735 : accessed 04 Apr 2013). Second part on image 751.
[28] Luxembourg Church Records, Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 299 of 373. 1785 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32421-8798-97?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL:1500890501,1500918030 : accessed 11 July 2015).
[29] Luxembourg Civil Records, Ettelbruck > Mariages 1845-1890 Décès 1796-1826 > image 1287 of 1436. 1819 Death Record No. 86. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XH17-VN3?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-PTL%3A129625001%2C129929201 : accessed 5 Feb 2017).
[30]  Ibid., Diekirch > Mariages 1843-1890 Décès 1797-1824 > image 1456 of 1493. 1822 Death Record (upper left). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12052-51376-68?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ND:n1913802954 : accessed 04 Apr 2013).
[31] Ibid., Ettelbruck > Mariages 1845-1890 Décès 1796-1826 > image 1365 of 1436. 1824 Death Record No 4. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XH17-LMD?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-PTL%3A129625001%2C129929201 : accessed 5 Feb 2017).
[32] Ibid., Ettelbruck > Mariages 1845-1890 Décès 1796-1826 > image 1422 of 1436. 1826 Death Record No. 43. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XH17-LJ1?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-PTL%3A129625001%2C129929201 : accessed 5 February 2017).
[33] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1086 of 1494. 1829 Marriage Record No. 20. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-D29?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 5 February 2017).
[34] Ibid., Eich > Décès 1816-1856 > image 804 of 1490. 1838 Death Record No. 64. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-X98S-7V2?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-VZ9%3A129629601%2C129629602 : 17 July 2014).
[35] Ibid., Ettelbruck > Décès 1814-1881 > image 340 of 1379. 1839 Death Record No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-D17S-8VG?cc=1709358&wc=9RYS-FM9%3A129625001%2C1290913101 : 17 July 2014).
[36] Ibid., Diekirch > Décès 1825-1890 > image 317 of 1358. 1843 Death Record No. 37. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12147-160328-63?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2NH:n538876208 : accessed 04 Apr 2013).

© 2017, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

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Author: Cathy Meder-Dempsey

As a military brat I've lived in Georgia, France, Idaho, West Virginia, Spain, South Carolina, Texas, and Luxembourg. Married 39 years with two grown children. When I’m not doing genealogy, I spend time riding my racing bike with my husband through the wonderful countryside in Luxembourg and surrounding countries.

9 thoughts on “52 Ancestors: #6 Michel LORENTZ and Catharina STENGENFORT of Ingeldorf”

  1. I’m a new follower of your blog and just read my first article this morning. I loved it! The info on baptism naming traditions was new to me. Is that just for Catholics in Lux or is that a Luxembourg cultural thing??? It could prove to be very helpful as I continue my own family’s tree from Diekirch, Diekirch, Lux. My ancestor (Michel Brochman(n) left Diekirch in about 1848 for America and ended up in Wisconsin. I also like that you posted your sources. I’m sure my knowledge of Luxembourg genealogy is about it about to take new leaps and bounds! So glad I’ve found your blog.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Kathy, at the time there were almost only Catholics in Luxembourg. When I found this tradition in Victor Racine’s little book it was new to me and a reason I concentrated on it in this post. I have started to add the names of godparents as an event in my database. This way I don’t have to keep referring to the baptismal record.
      It is easy for me to post the sources for the Luxembourg records because I have steps I go through to add them to my database and all I have to do is copy/paste the source into the list on the blog.
      So glad you found my blog and I hope your knowledge of Luxembourg genealogy does take new leaps and bounds!

      Like

  2. I also found the naming traditions fascinating. I always wondered what the role of godparents was in Christian families, but it’s obviously quite an honor if the baby is named for you!

    Like

    1. I attach all the records with the source in my genealogy database which allows me to generate a timeline and a report. I use these as an outline so the writing is not so daunting. Only sometimes with so much information I don’t know where to elaborate and where to cut it short! Thank you, Kendra.

      Like

  3. That’s interesting to see the records use the abbreviation “pm” to denote a deceased parent or grandparent. The Italian records do something similar (“fu”), and it’s a fantastic bit of information that directs where/when you start your research for preceding generations. Every clue helps!

    Liked by 1 person

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