Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Charlotte and Jim

Following my three part series on the slaves of my 5th grand-father James Sims during Black History Month in February 2015 I made a commitment to write a post on a monthly basis until I’ve RELEASED all of the names of slaves owned by my ancestors.

In 2015 I did one post a month from March until September and then six during Family History Month in October. I could have spread them over several months but I was so excited to have found the records. I didn’t want to have their descendants wait either!

Not all of these were for my own ancestors. I’m having difficulty finding ancestors who owned slaves so to get back to a monthly RELEASING post I searched through the “West Virginia Will Books 1756-1971” for Nicholas County, where my 5th grand-father James Sims lived, to find some of his contemporaries who might have also had slaves in their possession.

Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Charlotte and Jim

Hedgman Triplett (d. ca. 1828) was the son of Col. Francis Triplett who owned Muskingum Island, a long narrow bar island on the Ohio River in Wood County, West Virginia, between the towns of Moore Junction, Ohio, and Boaz, West Virginia. Hedgman and his siblings are mentioned in the 1803 Chancery Records Case in Augusta County, Virginia concerning island owned by the Colonel. I skimmed through the 26 images and found no mention of slaves due, clearly due to the fact that this case was about the land.

Hedgman and his brother Robert Triplett were living in New Point, Wood County, (West) Virginia in 1810 when the census was enumerated. Neither of them have a number listed in the column for slaves. Soon after the census Hedgman moved to Nicholas County in the area which would later become Braxton County as we see in this statement:

About 1810, Hedgemon Triplett came to the county and settled near Tate Creek, from a few miles below Sutton and embracing most of the territory of Clay County. ~ History of Braxton County and Central West Virginia by John Davison Sutton, 1919

In his household in 1820 in Nicholas County was a male slave under the age of 14 and a female slave age between 26 and 44 years.

Hedgman Triplett died before 31 January 1829. No will was found. His wife Mary Triplett née McClanahan was administratix and his son-in-law/nephew by marriage William S. McClanahan was administrator of his estate. On 31 January 1829 an inventory of the estate was made. It included two slaves, one negro man named James (sic, later seen as Jim) valued at $300 and one negro woman named Sharlote (sic, later seen as Charlotte) valued at $160.

1829triplettinventory1
“West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18231-21358-58?cc=1909099 : accessed 22 January 2016), Nicholas > Will book, v. 001 1820-1899 > image 38 of 158; county courthouses, West Virginia (bottom of page 48 of the register)
1829triplettinventory2
“West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18231-21358-58?cc=1909099 : accessed 22 January 2016), Nicholas > Will book, v. 001 1820-1899 > image 38 of 158; county courthouses, West Virginia (top of page 49 of the register)

On 20 February 1829 Mary Triplett and William S. McClanahan sold the personal property of the estate of Hedgman Triplett. The Bill of Sale (lower part of page 49 of register and upper part of page 50 of register) does not have slaves listed.

A memorandum of property sold by the administrator and administratix of the estate was was added on 25 March 1830. Hedgman’s widow Mary bought one negro woman aged about forty-four years named Charlotte for $100. The memorandum is helpful as it includes Charlotte‘s age.

1830triplettmemorandum
“West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18231-21644-61?cc=1909099 : accessed 22 January 2016), Nicholas > Will book, v. 001 1820-1899 > image 44 of 158; county courthouses, West Virginia. Top of page 61 of the register.

On 28 April 1831 the accounts and vouchers for the estate were presented to the court. During the March 1833 term of court the settlement was presented to court and ordered to be file. It was recorded during the August 1833 term of court.

1831triplettsettlement
“West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18231-21648-65?cc=1909099 : accessed 22 January 2016), Nicholas > Will book, v. 001 1820-1899 > image 51 of 158; county courthouses, West Virginia. Bottom of page 74 of the register.
1831triplettsettlementrecorded1833
“West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18231-21648-65?cc=1909099 : accessed 22 January 2016), Nicholas > Will book, v. 001 1820-1899 > image 51 of 158; county courthouses, West Virginia. Top of page 75 of the register.

The settlement shows one negro man named Jim was sold for $100 as well as one negro woman named Charlotte for $100. The name of the person to whom Jim was sold was not found in these records, however, I believe Mary Triplett may have bought him.

In 1830 when the census was enumerated in Nicholas County Mary Triplett was the head of a household which included a male slave age 24 thru 35 and a female slave age 36 thru 54. Charlotte who was 44 in 1830 per the memorandum to the bill of sale fits in the age group seen for the female slave. The male slave may have been around 24 years of age as the male seen in the household in 1820 was under 14. Could this be Jim? Was he the son of Charlotte?

In 1836 Braxton County was founded from parts of Kanawha, Lewis, and Nicholas counties. This is where, in 1840, Mary and her son Nathaniel appear as M. and N.H., the heads of one household, with one female slave age 36 thru 54. Charlotte was 54 and a match for this person. No male slave was in this household or the household of Mary’s son Sinnett Triplett who lived next door. If Jim was still living, was he sold or loaned out?

Charlotte‘s last known owner, Mary Triplett, died between 1840-1850 and her son Sinnett had his two unmarried brothers, Marshall and Nathaniel, in his household in 1850.

No slave owner by the name of Triplett was on the 1850 or 1860 Slave Schedule for Braxton. Clay County was formed in 1858 from Nicholas and Braxton. Mary’s son Marshall was living in Clay County in 1860 and had what looks like a family of 5 slaves living in one slave house: a male age 38, female age 30, and 3 females age 9, 6, and 1.

True's statement© 2016 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Slave Name Roll Project: A Conclusion Concerning Delph’s Relationship in the Family

Following my three part series on the slaves of my 5th grand-father James Sims I made a commitment to write a post on a monthly basis until I’ve RELEASED all of the names of slaves owned by my ancestors. During October, Family History Month, I worked through a large chancery file pulling as much information out of it as possible and posting weekly in hopes of helping the descendants of the slaves mentioned.

I RELEASED Delph, Ben, Sukey, Tom, Jacob, Peggy, Aime, and their children Sandy, Britton, Reuben, Betsey, Pleasant, Benjamin, Cynthia, Calvin, Sarah, Susan, Adeline, John, William, Mary, Alice, Jacob, Ellender, Giles, Edward, Serena, Lucy, Margaret, Sam, an [unnamed] infant, Martha, Charles,  and Green (or Gwen) as well as Will, Cintha, Cate, Darkis, Roas, Alesey, Chloe, Charlote, Feby, Jude, Peggy, Rick, Cuffey, Thomas, Sal, Easter, Jude, Lucy and Anthony using information found in Chancery Records file for Administrator of Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders, Franklin County, Virginia, index number 1851-022.

This is a very interesting case. If the people involved had been my ancestors I would have taken the time to transcribe the entire 127 images and put them in chronological order.

The testimony on Mary Smith by her neighbors gave me the impression she was “fooled over” due to her having a “weak mind” and “drinking spirits.” She was an old lady and may have been promised matrimony by Saunders to get possession of her slaves. She “lived like a negro” in a slave cabin on Saunders plantation until her son took her in.

delph
Graph made with Scapple from Literature & Latte, makers of Scrivener

I believe Delph, the slave given to Mary Smith by her father Robert Hairston per his last will and testament, was the mother of the other six slaves, Ben, Sukey, Jacob, Tom, Peggy, and Aime [not only Ben and Sukey as seen in the bill of sale]. One witness questioned replied:

“She had no kind of property except a gang of little negroes. She had no home, or cow, or fowls as I saw. I was frequently there. She had a little household furniture and precious little of that.”

and being asked if the slaves he saw at Saunders plantation were the same “gang” he saw with Mary Smith he replied,1

“I allowed they were the same, on account of their calling the old negro wench, Delph, mother. I knew the old negro wench well.”

Posts related to the Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders Chancery Records:

Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Will, Cintha, Delph, Cate, Darkis, Roas, Alesey, Chloe, Charlote, Feby, Jude, Peggy, Rick, Cuffey, Thomas, Sal, Easter, Jude, Lucy and Anthony

Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Delph, Ben, Sukey, Tom, Jacob, Peggy, Aime and the children

Slave Name Roll Project: Bill of Sale for Delph, Benjamin, and Sukey

Slave Name Roll Project: Bill of Sale for Tom

Slave Name Roll Project: Bills of Sale and Memorandum of Agreement for Jacob

Slave Name Roll Project: Bills of Sale for Peggy and Aime

Slave Name Roll Project: A Conclusion Concerning Delph’s Relationship in the Family

True's statement© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

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  1. Franklin County (Va.) Chancery Causes, 1753-1911. Admr. of Mary Smith v. Samuel Saunders, 1851-022. Local Government Records Collection, Franklin Court Records. The Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia  (http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=067-1851-022 (image 123 of 127). 

Slave Name Roll Project: Bills of Sale for Peggy and Aime

Following my three part series on the slaves of my 5th grand-father James Sims I’ve made a commitment to write a post on a monthly basis until I’ve RELEASED all of the names of slaves owned by my ancestors. During October, Family History Month, I worked through a large chancery file pulling as much information out of it as possible and posting weekly in hopes of helping the descendants of the slaves mentioned.

I RELEASED Delph, Ben, Sukey, Tom, Jacob, Peggy, Aime, and their children Sandy, Britton, Reuben, Betsey, Pleasant, Benjamin, Cynthia, Calvin, Sarah, Susan, Adeline, John, William, Mary, Alice, Jacob, Ellender, Giles, Edward, Serena, Lucy, Margaret, Sam, an [unnamed] infant, Martha, Charles,  and Green (or Gwen). This is a continuation of information found on these slaves including the Bills of Sale found for the original 7 slaves, Delph, Ben, Sukey, Tom, Jacob, Peggy, and Aime.

Bill of Sale for Peggy and Aime

The Bill of Sale for Peggy and Aime slaves of Mary Smith was found in the Chancery Records Administrator of Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders, Franklin County, Virginia, index number 1851-022.

These are screenshots of the Bill of Sale found.

billofsalepeggyandaimeggcover
Cover of Bill of Sale for Peggy and Aime (Exhibit GG) found in Chancery Records for Admr of Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders, Franklin County, Virginia, index number 1851-022; online http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=067-1851-022 (image 60 of 127) : accessed 12 October 2015

Mary Smith
Bill of Sale
Peggy Aime
“GG”

Recd this 26th Day September 1819 of Saml
Saunders infull of the Within named Negroes
named in the within Bill Sale
                                        her
Teste                        Mary + Smith
Richard Beckett              mark

billofsalepeggyandaimegg
Bill of Sale for Peggy and Aime (Exhibit GG) found in Chancery Records for Admr of Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders, Franklin County, Virginia, index number 1851-022; online http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=067-1851-022 (image 59 of 127) : accessed 12 October 2015

Know all men By these Presents that I Mary
Smith of the County of Franklin for and in the
consideration of the Sum of three hundred
& fifty Dollars current money of Virginia
to me in hand paid by Saml Saunders
of the Said County have Bargained & Sold
and by these Presents Doth Bargained & Sold
and Deliver & Confirm unto thre Said Saml
Saunders one Negroe Woman named
Peggy and one Negroe Girl named Aime
which I the Said Mary Smith Do Warrant
& Defend unto the Said Saml Saunders his
heirs Executors Administrators & Assigns and to
the only use & Behoof of the Said Saml
Saunders and I the Said Mary Smith
Do Warrant & forever Defend the Title
of the Said Negroes from me my Heirs
Executors Administrators or Assigns firmly
By these Presents as Witness my
hand & Seal this 8 Day August
1815
Teste                              her
Braxton James          Mary + Smith (Seal)
Spencer James               mark

Bill of Sale for Aime (additional)

billofsaleaimeiicover
Cover of Bill of Sale for Aime (Exhibit II) found in Chancery Records for Admr of Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders, Franklin County, Virginia, index number 1851-022; online http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=067-1851-022 (image 62 of 127) : accessed 12 October 2015

Smith Mary
To          Copy deed
Gideon Smith
“II”

billofsaleaimeii
Cover of Bill of Sale for Aime (Exhibit II) found in Chancery Records for Admr of Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders, Franklin County, Virginia, index number 1851-022; online http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=067-1851-022 (image 61 of 127) : accessed 12 October 2015

This Indenture mad (sic) this eleventh day of June in
the year of hower (sic) Lord eighteen hundred and nine-
teen Mary Smith of the one part and Giddeon
Smith of the other part, both of the County of
Franklin & State of Virginia, Wittnessed that for
and in consideration of the Sum of one Dollar to
the said Mary Smith in hand paid by the said
Giddeon Smith the Recepts (sic) whereof she the sd
Mary Smith doth hereby acknowleg (sic) have granted
given & delievered unto the said Giddeon Smith
one female Negar (sic) Girle (sic) Named Ame (sic) to have and
to hold the said Negar (sic) Ame (sic) & all her in Crees (sic)
to the said Giddeon Smit (sic) and his heirs forever
in fee simpl (sic) in wittnessed whereof the said
sid (sic) Mary Smith have set her hand & seal
the day an (sic) year above written
Teste                                           her
James Cannady                    Mary X Smith (Seal)
James Towney                             mark
Chesley Rakes
                   At a court held for Franklin
County December 6th 1819. This Bill of
sale from Mary Smith to Giddeon Smith
was proved by the oath of James Cannady and
James Towney two of the Wittnesses hereto and
the same was ordered to be recorded.
                       Teste. Caleb Tate C.F.C.

[Transcribed 27 October 2015 from the image found in the chancery records.]

Note: Gideon Smith was the son of Mary (Hairston) Smith.

This is the last of the documents found in the Chancery Records Administrator of Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders, Franklin County, Virginia, index number 1851-022.

  • Images 2 through 5 are the bill of the plaintiff Joseph Peters, the administrator of the estate of Mary Smith (7 pages)
  • Images 7 through 13 are the answer of the defendant Samuel Saunders (10 pages)
  • Images 43 through 62 are the will and the bills of sale for the slaves
  • Depositions were given by William Martin, Samuel T. Palmer, William Herd (twice), Stephen Cannaday, Brice Edwards, Jane Radford, Frances Hale, Alvin Lewis, Edward Cockram, Samuel Sneed, Isham Cockram, Joshua Knowles, James Ingram, Chisley Rakes, Drury Haynes, Braxton James, Robert T. Woods, Thomas Stanley, Thomas Keys, Booker Mullens, Samuel Hale, Wiley P. Woods, Matthew Martin, and Sarah Boyd. If you are interested in any specific person I made notes of the images of each person who gave witness and will be happy to share.

Posts related to the Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders Chancery Records:

Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Will, Cintha, Delph, Cate, Darkis, Roas, Alesey, Chloe, Charlote, Feby, Jude, Peggy, Rick, Cuffey, Thomas, Sal, Easter, Jude, Lucy and Anthony

Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Delph, Ben, Sukey, Tom, Jacob, Peggy, Aime and the children

Slave Name Roll Project: Bill of Sale for Delph, Benjamin, and Sukey

Slave Name Roll Project: Bill of Sale for Tom

Slave Name Roll Project: Bills of Sale and Memorandum of Agreement for Jacob

Slave Name Roll Project: Bills of Sale for Peggy and Aime

Slave Name Roll Project: A Conclusion Concerning Delph’s Relationship in the Family

True's statement© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Delph, Ben, Sukey, Tom, Jacob, Peggy, Aime and the children

Following my three part series on the slaves of my 5th grand-father James Sims I’ve made a commitment to write a post on a monthly basis until I’ve RELEASED all of the names of slaves owned by my ancestors. Today I’m RELEASING Delph, Ben, Sukey, Tom, Jacob, Peggy, Aime, and their children Sandy, Britton, Reuben, Betsey, Pleasant, Benjamin, Cynthia, Calvin, Sarah, Susan, Adeline, John, William, Mary, Alice, Jacob, Ellender, Giles, Edward, Serena, Lucy, Margaret, Sam, an [unnamed] infant, Martha, Charles,  and Green (or Gwen).

While searching the Chancery Records of Virginia for records naming my ancestors I found this very large bundle with a bill of complaint by Joseph Peters, Admr of Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders. Joseph Peters was the brother of my 3rd great-grandfather Jordan N. Peters and the son-in-law of Gideon Smith who in turn was the son of Mary (Hairston) Smith.

I only scratched the surface of this case with the transcription of the Last Will and Testament of Mary (Hairston) Smith’s father Robert Hairston who died in 1791 in Franklin County, Virginia in my last post. The slave woman named Delph given to Mary in the will had two children and they in turn had more offspring. The Chancery Records I found have 127 images which include Bills of Sale, many passages with names and ages, and this paragraph which includes the names and ages of the originally purchased slaves as well as their increase.

This is an abstract from the answer of Samuel Saunders to the bill of complaint exhibited against him by Joseph Peters, Administrator of Mary Smith deceased in the Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery for the County of Franklin.

saundersslaves
Abstract from the respondent Samuel Saunders, dated the 9th day of November 1849, online http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=067-1851-022 (image 12 of 127)

Delph decd about 7 years ago at an advanced age without having any more children after she came into respondents possession, Sukey decd about 10 years ago leaving an only child a boy now about 22 years of age, so that the negroes purchased originally and now in respondent’s possession are Jacob about 50, Ben about 48, Tom about 40, Peggy about 51 and Aime about 39 – and of the increase of the women them are in respondent’s possession, Sandy about 22 a son of Sukey, Britton about 33, Reuben about 32, Betsey about 30, Pleasant about 28, Benjamin about 26, Cynthia about 23, Calvin about 20, Sarah about 18, Susan about 16, Adeline about 14, John about 12, William about 10, Mary about 8, Alice about 5, and Jacob about 2, children of Peggy, Ellender about 12, Giles about 10, Edward about 8, Serena about 6, Lucy about 4, Margaret about 2, and Sam 1, children of Betsy a daughter of Peggy, – an [unnamed] infant child of Cynthia a daughter of Peggy, – Martha about 24 and Charles about 21 children of Aime, – and Green(? Gwen) about 2 a child of Martha a daughter of Aime, – the said Martha had another child which died about a year ago aged 2 or 3 years. Those are all of the said negroes whether them originally purchased or their increase, which are now or ever have been in the possession of respondent.

[Transcribed 5 October 2015 from the image of the chancery records.]

From the information given by the respondent Samuel Saunders (images 7 through 14) in his answer concerning his purchase ca. 34 years previously of the seven slaves I was able to draw up this mind map:

mindmap
A first attempt to use Scapple for mind-mapping.

I plan to transcribe and share abstracts of the Bills of Sale for the 7 slaves and follow-up with information found in the depositions given by witnesses.

Posts related to the Mary Smith vs Samuel Saunders Chancery Records:

Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Will, Cintha, Delph, Cate, Darkis, Roas, Alesey, Chloe, Charlote, Feby, Jude, Peggy, Rick, Cuffey, Thomas, Sal, Easter, Jude, Lucy and Anthony

Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Delph, Ben, Sukey, Tom, Jacob, Peggy, Aime and the children

Slave Name Roll Project: Bill of Sale for Delph, Benjamin, and Sukey

Slave Name Roll Project: Bill of Sale for Tom

Slave Name Roll Project: Bills of Sale and Memorandum of Agreement for Jacob

Slave Name Roll Project: Bills of Sale for Peggy and Aime

Slave Name Roll Project: A Conclusion Concerning Delph’s Relationship in the Family

True's statement© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey