Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING: Harvey and Hariett

Last week Edmond‘s name was released from the last will and testament of Elizabeth Clark written in 1841 and recorded in 1844. Elizabeth mentioned Frances C. Harrison and her husband John in the will.1

As I tried to follow Edmond either forward in time or back, I found John Harrison was listed in the 1840 census of Mason County. In his household were one male 10 thru 14, one male 50 thru 59, one female 50 thru 59, one female 70 thru 79, and 4 slaves. The enslaved persons in the household were 2 males under 10, a male 24 thru 35, and a female 10 thru 23.2

Was the older woman in the household Elizabeth Clark? If this was the household Elizabeth was living in, would Edmond be the young man age 24 thru 35? Or was John Harrison the holder of all four slaves?

There is a reason I looked into the Elizabeth Clark will. In 1850 my 4th great-grandmother Nancy Beasley, widow of Dennis Clonch (also seen as Claunch), was enumerated as Nancy Clonch age 75 in the household of John W. Clark age 56. Also in the household was her 12 years old grandson Dennis Clonch.3 Nancy died in the 1850s. John W. Clark was seen in the household of her son William Clonch in 1860.4 Who was this John W. Clark and was there a family connection between him and the Clonch family? Could there be other records which would clear up the matter? Those were the questions I asked as I searched for other Clark persons in the county.

At this point, I found the will of Elizabeth Clark and the census record in which she may have been enumerated. Who were John Harrison and his wife Frances C. and why were they mentioned in the Clark will?

A marriage record was found in Mason County for John Harrison and Frances Oldakers. They were married by B. K. Craig in 1834.5 As both persons were in their 50s in the 1840 household, there was the possibility one or the other was widowed prior to 1834.

Off to the Will Book for another will

John Oldaker wrote his last will and testament in June 1833 and it was recorded in November 1833.6 Did he leave a widow?

The Last Will & Testament of John Oldaker of Mason County, Virginia – 1833

I John Oldaker of the county of Mason & State of Virginia do hereby make my last will & testament in manner & form following that is to Say.
I give and bequeath all my estate that shall remain after my Just debts are paid to be disposed of as hereinafter mentioned. I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Frances C. Oldaker all my estate real & personal (except Items hereinafter disposed of) for & during her natural life & after her deceas (sic) I give and bequeath the same to my grandaughter (sic) Frances J. McMullin (except Items hereinafter disposed of). I give & bequeath to my beloved wife Frances C. Oldaker in fee Simple to make any disposition of (during her natural life or at her Decease) she may think proper my negro man named Harvey & my Negro Girl named Hariett with her future of spring together with the sum of one Hundred Dollars.
I give and bequeath to my friend & brother in law Benjamin K. Craig my Rifle gun with the aparatus thereto belonging. In case my Grandaugher Frances J. McMullin should die under the age of twenty one years old & without a Servicing heir of her body, I give & bequeath all that otherwise would be her right & title in and to my estate to my friends Benjamin K. Craig & Polly A. Craig, his wife & their heirs. It is my will & I do hereby give & bequeath to my beloved wife Frances C. Oldaker the wright & power to convey by warrantee Deeds certain tracts of land sold by me viz. one tract to Carter Newcomb lying on Eighteen mile creek for which the said Newcomb holds my Title Bond with conditions, one other Tract to Robert Summers lying also on Eighteen mile creek for which the Said Summers holds my Title bond with conditions on their the Said Newcomb & Summers complying with the conditions in Said title bonds their Deeds are to be made. And Lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint my friends Benjamin K. Craig & Matthew D. Brower executors of this my last will & testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my Seal this 15th day of June 1833.
. . . . . his
John X Oldaker Seal
 . . . .mark
Signed Sealed published & declared by John
Oldaker, as & for his last will & testament
in the presence & hearing of us at his request and in his
presence here subscribed our names as witnesses.
Henry Harriss
R. Summers
Wiliam Wallace
At a court held for Mason county Nov. 4th 1833
The last will and Testament of John Oldaker decd was proved by the oaths of Henry Harriss and William Wallace subscribing witnesses thereto. And is ordered to be Recorded. Upon the motion of Benjamin K. Craig an executor named in the will of Jno. Oldaker decd who made oath thereto & together with James Craik his Securety who entered into & acknowledged their Bond in the penalty of Two thousand dollars conditioned as the law directs certificate is granted him for obtaining a probat of the Said will in due form of Law.
Teste
Thos. Lewis clerk

New Relationships

Frances C. Oldaker was the widow of John Oldaker. What was her maiden name? John Oldaker mentions his brother-in-law Benjamin K. Craig and his wife Polly A. Craig. Was this the same B. K. Craig who married Frances C. Oldaker and John Harrison in 1834?

Benjamin K. Craig married Mary A. Clark in 1826.7 If Benjamin was John’s brother-in-law, could his wife Polly A. (Mary A.) have been Frances’ sister?

This would explain Frances C. Harrison aka Frances C. Oldaker being mentioned in the will of Elizabeth Clark. There was no mention of children in the 1841 will nor did Elizabeth include a relationship descriptor for Frances other than her being the wife of John Harrison. Was Elizabeth an unmarried sister of Frances and Polly? Or an aunt or even their mother?

John Oldaker left Harvey and Hariett to his wife Frances C. in his will in 1833. Frances married John Harrison the following year. In 1840 enslaved persons were found in the household of John Harrison – a man and a woman along with two young boys. Could this couple be Harvey and Hariett whose fate was left in Frances’ hands per her first husband’s will? Or could the man be Edmond mentioned in Elizabeth’s will and the other three enslaved persons of Harrison?

The Census and Slave Schedules

No entry was found in the index of the will books of Mason County for John Harrison or Benjamin K. Craig. Neither were found in Mason the 1850 census.

Polly A. Craig died in Putnam County, West Virginia, on 10 November 1865. Her death was reported by her son Lewis Craig. He gave her deceased husband’s name as Benj. K. Craig and her parents as William & E. Clark. Polly, per her son’s information, was born in Culpepper County, Virginia.8

With this information I located the widowed Polly A. Craig in Putnam in 1850 with three children.9 She was also on the Slave Schedule with two children, an 8 yo male mulatto and a 6 yo female mulatto.10

While browsing the schedule I noticed the name John Harrison with a 32 yo black female, 11 yo black male, and a 3 yo black female. 11 Checking the census, I found John and Frances C. were living in Putnam County in 1850.12

There is a known anomality on the 1860 census of Putnam County. The enumerator recorded all persons with an initial instead of first name and middle initals. This makes it difficult to find persons when searching for first names. However by limiting the search to the surname only, I found Polly A. Craig with her children13 as well as John and Frances C. Harrison. 14 Polly and John were also on the slave schedule. Polly with a 15 yo female mulatto (possibly the 6 yo from 1850)15 and John Harrison with a 12 yo female black (possibly the 3 yo from 1850).16

The will of John Harrison was written 11 April 1867 and recorded 10 May 1867 in Putnam County.17 He mentioned his wife Frances C. Due to the lateness of this will he did not mention enslaved persons.

Edmond, who was supposed to be freed per the 1841 will of Elizabeth Clark, was not with either the Craig or Harrison families as a free person. There is no male old enough to be Edmond on the slave schedule for either Polly A. Craig or John Harrison.

From the numbers found on the slave schedules in 1850 and 1860 for John Harrison it is possible Harriet named in the Oldaker will was with John and Frances C. in 1850 with two children. She is not with them in 1860. As with Edmond, there were no males old enough to be Harvey.

Frances was found in the 1870 census in the household of her step-son Josiah Harrison.18 Frances’ first husband had given her in fee Simple to make any disposition of (during her natural life or at her Decease) she may think proper my negro man named Harvey & my Negro Girl named Hariett with her future of spring. It would seem that Harvey and Hariett were no longer with Frances C. at the time of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.

One final note for anyone searching for Edmond, Harvey, and Hariett. The Craig and Harrison families likely did not move from the time of the above mentioned will until 1850 as Putnam County was created on 11 March 1848 from Kanawha, Mason and Cabell Counties.

True's statementFollowing my three-part series on the slaves of my 5th great grandfather James Sims during Black History Month in February 2015 I made a commitment to write a post on a monthly basis until I’ve RELEASED all of the names of slaves owned by my ancestors or owned by persons I’ve researched who were relatives or neighbors of my ancestors.

These posts are part of the Slave Name Roll Project (About the Project) administered by Schalene Jennings Dagutis who also blogs at Tangled Roots and Trees.

© 2019, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-HN9N-LP?cc=1909099&wc=Q8B7-1YB%3A179687901%2C179707301 : accessed 19 March 2019), Mason > Will book, v. 001 1834-1880 > image 36 of 206; citing Jackson County, County Clerk, West Virginia. 
  2. 1840 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), Ancestry, citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, FHL Film 0029689; NARA Roll M704_571, Virginia, Mason; image 44+41 of 69, Sheet 232A+B, Line 9, John Harrison. ‎(http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 March 2019). 
  3. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), Ancestry, citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration,Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_959; Image 297; Virginia, Mason, District 38, image 47 of 165, Sheet No. 385A, Lines 28-30, HH #333-334, John W. Clark household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 January 2019). 
  4. 1860 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), Ancestry, citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653_1361; FHL Film: 805361; Virginia, Mason County, District 2, image 25 of 68; Page No. 46, Lines 21-30, HH #345-316, Wm Claunch household. “.” (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 13 January 2019). 
  5. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at http://www.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages 1853-1970. Marriage of John Harrison and Frances C. Aldakers (sic, spelling per index) (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=12175291&Type=Marriage : accessed 20 March 2019) 
  6. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-HN9F-9Z?cc=1909099&wc=Q8B7-1YL%3A179687901%2C179729801 : 22 June 2016), Mason > Will book, v. 001A 1833-1875 > image 26 of 165; citing Jackson County, County Clerk, West Virginia. 
  7. WVCulture.org, (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_mcdetail.aspx?Id=12175454 : accessed 24 March 2019) and http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=12175454&Type=Marriage : accessed 24 March 2019) 
  8. WVCulture.org, 1865 Death Record of Polly A. Craig (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_dcdetail.aspx?Id=4787281 : accessed 26 March 2019) and (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=4787281&Type=Death : accessed 26 March 2019) 
  9. Ancestry.com. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Year: 1850; Census Place: District 46, Putnam, Virginia; Roll: M432_971; Page: 272A; Image: 213 
  10. Ancestry.com. 1850 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules, Virginia, Putnam, District 46, page 8 of 8 
  11. Ancestry.com. 1850 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules, Virginia, Putnam, District 46, page 3 of 8 
  12. Ancestry.com. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Year: 1850; Census Place: District 46, Putnam, Virginia; Roll: M432_971; Page: 280B; Image: 230 
  13. Ancestry.com. 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 4, Putnam, Virginia; Roll: M653_1373; Page: 893; Family History Library Film: 805373 
  14. Ancestry.com. 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Year: 1860; Census Place: Buffalo, Putnam, Virginia; Roll: M653_1373; Page: 794; Family History Library Film: 805373 
  15. Ancestry.com. 1860 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules, Virginia, Putnam, District 4, page 3 of 4, right line 32 
  16. Ancestry.com. 1860 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules, Virginia, Putnam, District 4, page 2 of 4, left, line 14 
  17. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-H19H-5?cc=1909099&wc=Q816-MNG%3A179687101%2C179700701 : 21 June 2016), Putnam > Will book, v. 001 1847-1937 > image 45 of 204; citing Putnam County Clerk, West Virginia. 
  18. Ancestry.com. 1870 U.S. Federal Census, Year: 1870; Census Place: Buffalo, Putnam, West Virginia; Roll: M593_1698; Page: 248A; Family History Library Film: 553197 

52 Ancestors: #35 Margaret KINCAID abt. 1794-abt. 1865

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #35 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#35 Margaret KINCAID abt. 1794-abt. 1865

Margaret KINCAID was my four times great-grandmother. Although many family researchers have her nicknamed Peggy, I haven’t seen any document with this name and cannot bring myself to refer to her as “Peggy.” Margaret was the daughter of John KINCAID (1760-1834) and Elizabeth GILLESPIE (1760-1829). Her parents were both born the year George III became the King of England.

John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE married on 11 February 1782 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia by John ALDERSON.1,2 This was towards the end of the American Revolutionary War (19 April 1775-14 January 1784) and in the middle of the little over one year that John served his country: 6 or 7 months from February 1781, 3 months from September 1782, and 3 months in the summer of 1783.3

Court Records Prove A Lot of the Children, In-Laws, and Outlaws

While visiting West Virginia in June 2007, Linda Crowder Perdue found the “micro film for the Kanawha County Court Records in which the case against John Kincaid and Matthew Kincaid for burning down the bridge across the Gauley River in July 1826 is recorded.”4,5

At a Court held for Kanawha County at the court house thereof on Monday the 24th day of July 1826 for the examination of Matthew Kincaid and John Kincaid who have charged with having on the 11th of July 1826 feloniously burned the bridge across the Gauley River.

This wonderful find included the names of witnesses called for the defendants, Margaret’s brother Matthew and her father John, and for the Commonwealth. The persons listed, as Sarah Kincaid so aptly wrote, prove some relationships in the KINCAID family including in-laws and outlaws.6

Update as of 1 January 2020: Since this post was written five years ago, the content from the old archives of Rootsweb’s mailing lists has been imported into new archives. The links (now in the footnotes) to the Kincaid Mailing List (kincaid@rootsweb.com) for the posts made by Linda Perdue and Sarah Kincaid have been updated (once again in August 2022 as the links had again changed). Thank you to my cousin/reader for bringing the broken links to my attention.

Who Were Margaret’s Siblings?

I needed help with this question. Who better to ask than Linda who found the court records? I had one or two persons who were not correct and a couple of siblings were missing. At the present time, with the research that has been done so far, this is, I believe, a reliable list even though I question the estimated birth of son Samuel.

John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE were the parents of the following children, all born in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia:

◉ Sarah “Sallie” KINCAID (1783- ) was born about 1782
◉ Hannah KINCAID (1783- ) was born about 1783
◉ Matthew KINCAID (1785-1857) was born about 1785
◉ Samuel KINCAID (1787- ) was born between 1787-1791 [or about 1802??]
◉ James Gillespie KINCAID (1792-1852) was born on 19 December 17927
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID (1793-1850) was born on 2 December 17938
◉ Margaret KINCAID (1793-1865) was born about 1794
◉ Virginia “Jane” KINCAID (1795-1870) was born about 1795
◉ Nancy KINCAID (1801-aft 1880) was born about 1801
◉ Magdaline “Lina” KINCAID (1806-1876) was born on 7 March 18069
◉ Lanty KINCAID (1806- ) was born on 7 March 1806

Marriages of Margaret’s Siblings

In 1798 when Margaret was about four years old her two oldest sisters married, Sarah in October and Hannah in December. They appear to have been very close in age but not yet of age as their father signed permission slips for both. It is not known if they were twins like Lina and Lanty.

◉ Sarah “Sallie” KINCAID married Thomas Alexander TERRY ( -1839) on 23 October 1798 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia10,11
◉ Hannah KINCAID married James M. WALKER on 13 December 1798 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia12,13
◉ Matthew KINCAID married Mary “Polly” MURDOCK (1788-1839) on 2 June 1807 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia14
◉ Samuel KINCAID married Elizabeth “Betsy” WALKER ( – ) on 26 Apr 1809?? This marriage has not been proven.15
◉ Margaret KINCAID married James INGRAM on 24 October  1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia16
◉ James Gillespie KINCAID married Mary “Molly” Magdalene TRITT (1792-1869) on 17 December 1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. No marriage record was found.17
◉ Virginia “Jane” KINCAID married William “Moccasin Bill” KINCAID (1787-1870) on 22 November 1810 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia18
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID married(1) Samuel LINEGAR (1789- ) about 1810. No marriage record was found.
◉ Magdaline “Lina” KINCAID married Reuben WYATT (1796-1853) on 25 June 1823 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia19
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID married(2) Squire James STURGEON (1785- ) before 1823. No marriage record was found.
◉ Nancy KINCAID married Thomas HUGHES (1778-1853) on 24 February 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia20
◉ Lanty KINCAID married Nancy FLANAGAN (1802- ) on 25 December 1827 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia21

Margaret’s Life With/Without James INGRAM

As noted above, Margaret KINCAID married James INGRAM on 24 October 1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. She was only 15 at the time of her marriage (1850 age 56) and James, her groom, was more than twice her age, about 35 years old (1860 age 86).

In 1810 when the census was taken Margaret and James were most likely in their own household and not yet parents. Greenbrier is one of the counties that were “lost.” We see James INGRAM as head of household in 1820, 1830, and 1840 censuses with tick marks for his wife Margaret and children:20,21,22

1820censusingram
1820 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Greenbrier [ancestry.com]. Listing: 3 males under 10 yo (James Jr., Joshua, Robert), 1 male over 45 yo (James), 1 female under 10 yo (unknown daughter), 1 female over 45 yo (Margaret, her age would be ca. 26 per 1850 census), 1 person engaged in agriculture, 6 persons in household.

1830censusingram
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Kanawha [ancestry.com]. Listing: 1 male under 5 (Matthew), 1 male 5-10 (John), 2 males 10-15 (Joshua & Robert), 1 male 15-20 (James Jr.), 1 male 50-60 (James), 1 female under 5 (Cynthia), and 1 female 40-50 (Margaret), 8 persons in household.

1840censusingram
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayett [ancestry.com]. Listing: 2 males 10-15 (Matthew & John), 1 male 15-20 (Robert), 1 male 60-70 (James), 1 female 5-10 (Ruth), 1 female 10-15 (Cynthia), 1 female 50-60 (Margaret), 7 persons in household, 2 engaged in agriculture.

Margaret’s Children

◉ Ch 1: James INGRAM (1811-1835) was born about 1811 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia, and died before April 1835 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. He did not marry or have children.23
◉ Ch 2: Joshua INGRAM (1813-1860) was born about 1813 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Joshua married Mahala C. STEELE (1823-1888) bet. 1841-1845 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. They were the parents of six children. Joshua died between 1860-1862. His widow remarried and applied for a Mexican War Pension after the death of her second husband.24
◉ Ch 3: _____ (daughter) INGRAM was born between 1811-1820 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. This child was not with the family in 1830.
◉ Ch 4: Robert INGRAM (1819-1902) was born about 1819 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Robert married Huldah JOHNSON (1817-1880) about 1841 in Fayette County (West) Virginia. They were the parents of seven children. He died about 1902 in Fayette County at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID, son of Margaret’s brother James Gillespie KINCAID.25
◉ Ch 5: John INGRAM (1820-1870) was born about 1820 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. John married(1) Lucy Jane SKAGGS (1824-1853) on 13 February 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia26; married(2) Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia27; and married(3) Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County, West Virginia.28 John had a son with his first wife and a daughter and a son with his second wife. He died after 1870 and was buried near his home on the Poca according to family tradition.
◉ Ch 6: Matthew INGRAM (1824-1900) was born on 9 January 1824 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia.29 Matthew married Sarah Francis MARTIN (1834-1906) on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio.30 They were the parents of ten children. He died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville, Kanawha County, West Virginia, and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk District in Kanawha County.31,32
◉ Ch 7: Cynthia INGRAM (1828-1910) was born on 25 March 1828 in (West) Virginia.33 Cynthia married John B. “Johnny” TINCHER (1815-1890) on 23 March 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia.34 They were the parents of six children. She died on 3 May 1910 and was buried in Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia.35
◉ Ch 8: Ruth INGRAM (1832-1880) was born about 1832 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. Ruth married John Johnson DARLINGTON (1826-1900) on 9 January 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia.36 They were the parents of a dozen children. She died between 1880-1900.

Other Events in the Life of Margaret

In 1826 while Margaret was raising her family, her husband James INGRAM was one of the persons who had to make a personal appearance to give evidence at the trial of his father-in-law John KINCAID and his brother-in-law Matthew KINCAID. They were on trial for the 11 July 1826 burning of the first bridge built across the Gauley River.37,38,39,40,41,42

Following the trial, Margaret’s sister Hannah and her husband James WALKER moved from Kanawha County in (West) Virginia to Darke County, Ohio. The move must have been soon after Hannah was a witness for the trial and before 1830. In a biographical sketch of their son-in-law Samuel LITTON we see that the WALKERs, Hannah and James, moved to Adams County, Indiana, in 1850 where they died in 1871.43 I read the article several times to be sure the author was referring to Hannah and James and not to their daughter Margaret and her husband Samuel LINTON as  I have not been able to prove Hannah and James were living in 1850.

Margaret’s mother Elizabeth GILLESPIE died in 1829 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia.44

Margaret’s youngest brother Lanty KINCAID, who was last seen in a land deed dated 1832, disappeared around this time.45 The search for him has been hampered by another Lanty KINCAID of approximately the same age who lived in Greenbrier and Fayette counties. This second Lanty left a few more records that prove that he was the son of Lancelot “Lanty” KINCAID and Catherine SCOTT.

Margaret’s father John KINCAID applied for a Revolutionary War pension. He appeared in the court of Fayette County on 15 February 1834 to give his statement about the service rendered.46 His death is not mentioned in the pension papers and is estimated at after 15 February 1834.

Margaret’s sister Elizabeth STURGEON was most likely the first of her siblings to pass away about 1850.47 This is assuming their youngest brother Lanty did not die between 1832-1850.

In 1850 Margaret had her own household while her husband James INGRAM was living in the household of John TINCHER who would become his son-in-law in less than a year.48,49

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > HH #462-462 [ancestry.com]
In the 1850s Margaret lost two brothers and a sister. James Gillespie KINCAID died bef 10 June 1852 in Kincaid, Fayette County, (West) Virginia.50 Matthew KINCAID died after 1857, possibly in Missouri. Sarah TERRY died between 1850 and 1860.51

In 1860 Margaret was not found in the census. Her children were married and had their own households. Her husband James INGRAM was listed alone in a household.52 There are two family traditions concerning the deaths of Margaret and James. One is that James moved to Sissonville to live with their son Matthew after Margaret died. The other is that James died first and Margaret lived with her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. until her death several years later. The year 1865 seems to be the pivot point as Margaret’s husband James is said to have died in the fall of 1865.

Margaret’s surviving siblings were Virginia “Jane” KINCAID53 and Magdaline “Lina” WYATT54 died after the 1870 census while Nancy HUGHES55 died after the 1880 census. Her brothers Samuel and Lanty KINCAID, whose whereabouts remain a mystery (for now), may have also survived her.

This Post was Updated on 28 August 2022Missing source citations were added, images were scaled, and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 32, Greenbrier County Minister Returns, page 71, entry 4, 11 Feb 1782, John Kincaid and Eliza Gillaspy married by John Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00032.jpg : accessed 24 March 2020). 
  2. The bride’s name was written Eliza Gillaspy on her marriage record. The middle name Hannah appears to have been added by someone in their tree and copied by others. I have found no record of her being named Elizabeth Hannah Gillespie (or Gillaspy). 
  3. “U.S. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900” (index and images), Ancestry.com, citing original data: Records of the Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15. National Archives, Washington, D.C.(NARA microfilm publication M804, 2,670 rolls), Roll M804_1485, Surname Range: Kimmer, Nicholas – Kiney, James, images 467 thru 501 of 1150, John Kincaid, pension file number S 19367 (accessed 6 October 2011). 
  4. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, RootsWeb (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid), [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774008 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  5. Ibid., [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning–Part 2 by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774018 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  6. Ibid., Re: [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Sarah Kincaid dated 11 November 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4773999 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  7. Transcribed from the Gillespie Bible. On the back inside cover is written: “James Gillespie Jr. His book. July 20, 1760 Cow Pasture.” The dates of birth of Elizabeth Gillespie, Elizabeth Kincaid, and the twins were included between the covers. 
  8. Ibid. 
  9. Ibid. 
  10. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 62, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 143, entry 27, 23 Oct 1798, Thomas Terry and Sarah Kincaid, married by Josiah Osbourn. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00062.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  11. The original marriage bond and consent are held by the Greenbrier Historical Society. “Sir Please grant Thomas Terry marriage licience to marry my dauter Sarrah Kinciad and in so doing you will oblige ……….. friend. John Kincaid and Elizabeth Kincaid. Test: George Kincaid and Archibald Campbell” 
  12. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 68, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 160, entry 9, 13 Dec 1798, James Walker and Hanna Kincaid, married by Jno Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00068.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  13. Greenbrier Historical Society. “December the 7 day of 1798 Sir
    please to grant marrage lisons to James Walker and my dauter Hannah
    Kincaid and in so doing you will much oblidge your friends. John Kincaid Elizabeth Kincaid Test George Kincaid Tho. Terry. This certificate sworn to by George Kincaid A Hamilton. Col John Stuart” 
  14. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 1710518, image 1138, 2 Jun 1807 Matthew Kincade and John Murdock went bond for the marriage of Matthew Kincade and Polly Murdock in Monroe County. (http://images.wvculture.org/1710518/01138.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  15. 1809 marriage not proven. I have a problem with this one as I found a marriage for a couple with the same names in Kanawha County on 26 September 1826. This could be a match with Samuel Kincaid b. abt. 1802 who is seen in the 1850 census in Fayette County with two children Mary and Alex. Is there a document that proves that Samuel who married Elizabeth Walker was the son of John and Elizabeth? 
  16. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 31, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 64, entry 16, Jas. Ingram and Margaret Kincaid, married by Josiah Osburn. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00031.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  17. No marriage record was found in Greenbrier or Monroe. There are discrepancies in facts and locations; material found may be based on tradition and “facts” related by family members. 
  18. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 33, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 72, lin 22, 22 November 1810, William Kincaid and Jane Kincaid, married by X. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00033.jpg : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  19. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 495643, image 130, Re-Index and Copy of Marriage Record No. 1 Nicholas County, line 4, 25 Jun 1823 Ruben Wiatt and Magdelina Kincade, married by Isaac Reynolds. (http://images.wvculture.org/495643/00130.jpg : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  20. 1820 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/), citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, NARA Roll: M33_132, image: 154, Virginia, Greenbrier County, Lewisburg, page 176 (crossed out, should be 178), line 14, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  21. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Nara Roll M19_191, FHL Film: 0029670, Virginia, Kanawha, page 197 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  22. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, NARA Roll: M704_555, FHL Film: 0029685, Virginia, Fayette County, page 3 (double-page spread, left side), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  23. Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993 (Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, 310 Oyler Avenue, Oak Hill, WV 25901,1993), pg. 21. Personal copy bought 2000. In April of 1835, an election was held in Fayette Co. (including the area that is now Raleigh Co.) to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, James Ingrahm and his son Joshua Ingraham are on the list of voters who voted for Kanawha Falls. James, Jr. could possibly have been deceased at this time. 
  24. “United States Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing NARA microfilm publication T317 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.) Lea, Adolphe – Memorank, Ferdinand, v. 9 > image 383 of 4434 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GBCZ-5R1?cc=1979390&wc=M61R-NZ9%3A321930601 : accessed 3 October 2018). 
  25. Luella Arlene Loving Lowther, First Tidbits of Information on Robert Ingram and Huldah Johnson (email correspondence in May 2000). 
  26. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 57, entry 7, 13 Feb 1851, John Ingram and Lucy Jane Skaggs, married by Allen Wood. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  27. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521719, image 379, Registry of Marriage Licenses, Kanawha County, no page number (double-page spread), lin 8, 11 Jul 1860 (license), John Ingraham and Delilah Smith . (http://images.wvculture.org/521719/00379.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  28. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521719, image 511, Register of Marriage Licenses, Kanawha County, and Record of Marriages Returned, page 26 (stamped), line 184, 29 Nov 1869 (license), John Ingram and Mary E. Adkins, 1 Dec 1869 (marriage). (http://images.wvculture.org/521719/00511.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  29. Ibid., Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  30. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing digital images of originals housed at the county courthouses in Ohio, Meigs > Marriage records 1852-1862 vol 2 > image 77 of 271 > page 96 (stamped), entry 1, 20 Aug 1854, Matthew Ingram and Sarah Frances Martin, married by R. Wilkinson, M.G., citing Meigs County, Ohio. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-91QN-R8?cc=1614804&wc=Z51G-DP8%3A121348301%2C121390201 : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  31. See Note 29, supra. 
  32. James Simon Ingram, compiler, History of the Ingram Family, includes family groups sheets and census information sent per email by the compiler to Cathy Meder-Dempsey in May 2001 (prepared in October 1997). Before 1850. 
  33. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584754, image 164, Fayette County Register of Deaths, page 165 (double-page spread), entry 27, 2nd district, Cynthia Tincher, 3 May 1910, age 82 yrs 1 month 8 days, died in Page. (http://images.wvculture.org/584754/00164.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). Note: age at death calculates to a birth date of 25 March 1829. 
  34. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 219, Fayette County Marriages, page 59, entry 2, 23 Mar 1851, John Tincher and Cinthy Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00219.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  35. See Note 3, supra. 
  36. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 56, entry 9, 9 Jan 1851, John Johnson Darlington and Ruth Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  37. Kanawha County (West Virginia). County Clerk, County Court record book, 1803-1880 (images), FamilySearch (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1967 citing microreproduction of original at the County Courthouse.), Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 54 of 561, page 76-77 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B9C2-J?i=53&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2022). 
  38. Ibid., Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 55 of 561, page 78-79 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B9C3-D?i=54&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2021). 
  39. Ibid., Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 56 of 561, page 80-81 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B98M-1?i=55&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2021). 
  40. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, RootsWeb (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid), A mailing list for the discussion and sharing of information regarding the Kincaid surname and variations in any place and at any time; [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774008 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  41. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning–Part 2 by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774018 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  42. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, Re: [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Sarah Kincaid dated 11 November 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4773999 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  43. Biographical and historical record of Adams and Wells counties, Indiana
    (The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago 1887), “History of Adams County,” a biographical sketch of Samuel Litton, page 284 (https://archive.org/details/biographicalhistawcty01chic/page/n523/mode/2up?view=theater : accessed 1 September 2014). 
  44. [WVFAYETT] County Mailing List, RootsWeb, (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=wvfayett), [WVFAYETT] 2001-06-13 Kincaid info posted by Barb Harvey (her source Gertrude Settle Draper)(https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=wvfayett&thread=18960581 : accessed 19 August 2022) 
  45. Greenbrier County (West Virginia) County Clerk, “Deeds (Greenbrier County, West Virginia), 1780-1901” (non-indexed images), FamilySearch, Microfilm of original records at the Greenbrier County Courthouse in Lewisburg, West Virginia, Film 593552, DGS 8589066, Deeds, v. 13-14 1829-1840, Deed Book 13, page 330-331, 24 Dec 1832 Lanty Kincaid and Nancy of Fayette County Virginia to Mathew Kincaid, $1.00, one moiety of an undivided tract of land containing 50a in Greenbrier County on the waters of Lick Creek, bounded … , it being the one undivided moiety of the same tract conveyed to John Kincaid Senr. by Sam’l Withrow and wife by deed bearing date the 28th May 1816 … (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C37T-HT99?i=173&cat=98577 : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  46. See Note 3, supra. 
  47. “U.S., Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index, 1850-1880”, Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/), compiled and digitized by Ron V. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes, Elizabeth Sturgeon, 1850, Fayette County, WV, age 56, female, died in April, state of birth not given, occupation none listed, cause of death fever, ID# 197_321570, index only, no image (accessed 19 August 2022). 
  48. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 366A, household 462-462, lines 4-7, Margaret Ingram (accessed 11 June 2018). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  49. Ibid., Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 362B, household 419-419, lines 10-15, laborer in the John Tincher household (accessed 19 December 2012). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  50. “Court minutes and order books, 1837-1928,” browse-only images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Fayette County, West Virginia courthouse., Film 585503, DGS 8613698, Minute books, v. 3-4 1848-1861, image 106 of 393, page 487, 10 June 1852, entry 5, letters of administration for the estate of James Kincaid granted to John Kincaid. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1GRR?i=105&cat=100698 : accessed 27 August 2022). 
  51. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 334A, household 56-56, lines 37-41, Thomas Terry including his mother and sister (accessed 30 August 2014). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  52. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653_1344; Family History Library Film: 805344; Virginia, Fayette County, District 4, sheet 422, page 126, household 937-864, line 33, James Ingrum (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  53. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686; West Virginia, Fayette County, Falls of Kanawha, sheet 105A, page 21, household 138-134, lines 22-30, Sam Kincaid family with his mother Jane (accessed 10 July 2018). The official enumeration day of the 1870 census was 1 June 1870. 
  54. Ibid., Roll: M593_1231; Ohio, Lawrence County, Perry, sheet 450A, household 22-22, lines 33-38, William H. Wyatt family with his mother Magdaline (accessed 28 August 2022). The official enumeration day of the 1870 census was 1 June 1870. 
  55. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll:1409; West Virginia, Nicholas County, Grant, Enumeration District: 103, page 6, sheet 68B, household 48-48, lines 28-32, Thomas Hughes family with his grandmother Nancy Hughes in household (accessed 29 August 2014). The official enumeration day of the 1880 census was 1 June 1880. 

52 Ancestors: #34 James INGRAM, Where Did You Hide the Key?

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #34 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#34 James INGRAM, Where Did You Hide the Key?

Oral tradition, passed on through the generations, can help our genealogy research but it can also be a hindrance. When I started my Facebook page, more than a year before I started blogging, I wrote short summaries about my brick walls. My 4th great-grandfather James INGRAM, born between 1771-1774 in Virginia and died fall of 1865 in West Virginia, was the subject of the post I wrote in December 2012. Unfortunately, no headway has been made on his parentage. One of these days I’ll find the key to open the door in the INGRAM brick wall.

Speculation

Ester INGRAM (also seen as Esther and Easter) may have been the mother of James INGRAM (b. 1771-1774 d. 1865). She is the first INGRAM to be found in Greenbrier County Personal Property Tax Lists in 1792 suggesting that she was a widow by this time.1,2 She sold a 95-acre land grant received in 1795 in 1800 and had at least two daughters who married in Greenbrier with her permission.

◉ Patience INGRAM and David STAY
Easter INGRAM signed a marriage permission slip for “my daughter” on 19 May 1790. David STAY and John KING went bond. Easter’s husband was not named in these records.3 The register of marriages in Greenbrier County includes the minister who married the couple, likely information taken from the minister’s returns. Per this register, they were married by Jno McCue on 23 May 1791 (sic, 1790).4

◉ Elizabeth INGRAM and Francis STORY
Nancy C. Story Adkins obtained a photocopy of the original marriage bond from the Greenbrier Historical Society. It states they married on 20 December 1798 and Elizabeth’s mother Esther INGRAM gave her permission.5 The couple was married by John Alderson.6

I had a slight panic attack when I was pulling this together and realized that Ester could have been the first name for a male. I checked the original land grant for the 95 acres that she sold in 1800 at the Library of Virginia and it shows that she was a female.7

grant
Ester Ingram and her Heirs…

Was Ester INGRAM the mother of our James INGRAM? Who was the husband of Ester INGRAM? Was James the brother of Nancy INGRAM (md. 1787 William SLAVEN)8 and Parnal INGRAM (md. 1793 Eliza CARMONS)9 who also married in Greenbrier? Note: Nancy has been listed as the daughter of Abraham INGRAM but without supporting evidence.

Speculation Aside, Let’s Have a Look at His Life

James INGRAM is first found in Greenbrier County on a list of rangers in 1793. The Rangers militia was organized to protect the frontier and its settlers from Indian attacks. On 27 May 1793 Captain Hugh CAPERTON’s company of rangers were at Fort Lee on the Elk and Kanawha Rivers guarding the Kanawha Valley settlers near what is now Charleston, West Virginia.10 “Mad Anthony” WAYNE’s victory over the Indians in 1794 ended the Indian threat in what is now West Virginia.

roster

James INGRAM was not with the rangers on 6 May 1792. Was he too young at the time?

In 1795 and 1797 James is seen in the Greenbrier County court orders:

◉ 31 March 1795 – John MATHEWS vs. James INGRAM in debt11

◉ 1 April 1797 – Jonathan MATHEWS assee of James INGRAM vs. William GILLILAND in debt12

James was on a Personal Property Tax List on 16 April 1799 in Greenbrier County with 1 tithable and 2 horses.13 This was the first time he was on a list. His surname was spelled INGRIM. Also on this list was a John INGRIM with 1 tithable and 1 horse. No further trace of him has been found. Was he a brother?

Taxation: Virginia began keeping records of residents’ payments of personal property and land taxes in 1782. The Library of Virginia has these on microfilm. Published abstracts of some of these can be found online. I am convinced that this may be the key to opening the doors in many of my brick walls in Virginia. Living overseas I can only hope that the full collection will someday be found on the internet. I want to be able to look at each year, study the neighbors of each ancestor, and see the things that may not have been included in the abstracts.

Update (17 August 2022): The personal property tax lists for Virginia counties on FamilySearch have changed from being restricted to being available to browse online from 2019-2021. The Greenbrier lists were checked for Ingram on 27 November 2021. James INGRAM was found as early as 1798. Other persons with the INGRAM surname were found and will be shared in a future post.

A month later, on 28 May 1799, James was “on jury” in Greenbrier.14 He was next seen on the 1803 (below) and 1805 tax lists of Greenbrier County, both times with 1 titable and 1 horse.15,16

1803tax
Source: http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/Greenbrier/1803PersonalB/10.jpg

On 28 February 1809 John CONNER and his wife Mary sold 120 acres for $1.00 to James INGRAM on Meadow River and Sewel on the ridge opposite Buffalow Lick in Greenbrier County.17

Later in the year, James INGRAM married Margaret KINCAID, daughter of John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE, on 24 October 1809 in Greenbrier County.18 They were married by Rev. Josiah OSBURN of the Baptist church.19

James and Margaret were not found on the 1810 census as Greenbrier was one of the “lost” counties. He was still in the county as he is on the 1810 Personal Property List B with 1 tithable:20

1810tax
1810 Personal Property List B > Greenbrier County, Virginia. Source: http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/FreeSample/CDR-000484/1810/1810PersonalB/06.pdf

James and Margaret’s first child, a son James Jr., was born about 1811 most likely on the land in Greenbrier County that James bought from the CONNERs in 1809.

On 25 February 1812 James and wife Margaret sold the 120 acres that James bought in 1809 for $1.00 to Newbury STOCKTON. The land, conveyed to James INGRAM by John CONNER in 1809, was “on point of ridge that leads to Buffaloe Lick in Greenbrier County.”21

During the War of 1812 (18 Jun 1812-24 Dec 1814) James and Margaret’s second son, Joshua (1813-ca.1861) was born. His birth has been estimated at about 1813 in Greenbrier. In 1815 James was on the Personal Property Tax Lists of Greenbrier with 1 tithable, 3 horses, and 5 cows.22 The next child, a daughter, born during the 1810s, was followed by my 3rd great-grandfather Robert (1819-1902) born about 1819 in Greenbrier.

1820censusingram
1820 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Greenbrier [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1820 census of Greenbrier County with the following persons in his household: 3 males under 10 yo (James Jr., Joshua, Robert), 1 male over 45 yo (James), 1 female under 10 yo (unknown daughter), 1 female over 45 yo (Margaret, her age would be ca. 26 per 1850 census), 1 person engaged in agriculture, 6 persons in household.23

Three more children were born during the 1820s: John about 1820, Matthew on 9 January 182424, and Cynthia on 25 March 1829 (or 1828).25,26

Ingram Cabin

“A century and a half ago, a pioneer cabin stood in a little valley drained by a branch that flows down from cotton Hill to New River at the Narrow Falls, opposite and slightly above the mouth of Cane Branch. The little stream was known as Ingram Branch, from the name of the family that lived in the cabin. Two surveys made there in 1829 refer to Ingram’s house, to his road leading down to the river, and to Ingram Branch, the tiny tributary of New River. Though the first name of the settler is not given, it may be suspected that this was James Ingram who married Margaret (Peggy) Kincaid, daughter of John and Elizabeth Kincaid, who settled on the opposite side of the river at Cane Branch as early as 1811, and who patented land there and at the mouth of Gauley.
Ingram apparently took no steps to secure formal title to his improvement, however, and in 1829 two residents of Kanawha Falls set up rival claims to Ingram’s improvement and to some hundreds of acres surrounding it, by reason of entries and surveys made for them in that year. The map accompanying these surveys shows the location of the Ingram house to be on the branch approximately one hundred thirty poles above its mouth. This was doubtless the first cabin in that little nook of the hills. Ingram was not a permanent settler, however. He was succeeded there by Andrew and Mary Blake, and soon after the above date, James and Margaret Ingram appeared as settlers on the upper part of Loup Creek at a branch which also came to be called Ingram Branch. There they were permanent settlers and the name has survived both as a place name and family.
Ingram, also written as Inghram and Ingraham, was originally Ingelram, a Norman-French personal name.”27

It is said that James probably settled on Loup Creek (also seen as Loop Creek) at about the same time as James KINCAID (1792-1852), brother of Margaret, or soon after. The place he selected was at the mouth of a branch three miles farther up Loup Creek than Kincaid’s cabin. The branch is now called Ingram Branch. The 120-acre tract, including Ingram’s improvement, was patented by his sons, Robert and Matthew, in 1843, several years after the settlement.28 The move may have been in the 1820s.  Ingram Branch become part of Fayette County in 1831 when the county was formed. At the time of the 1830 census, it was most likely part of Kanawha County as the family was on the census of that county.

120acres

a certain Tract of Land, containing one hundred and twenty acres: lying and being in Fayette County on Loop creek and bounded as follow, towit Beginning at a white oak and gum corner to John Kincaid, on the Left hand side of the creek & with crossing the same S6W54 poles to a sugar tree & beech corner to same and leaving S67W60 poles to two chestnut oaks on a point S88W106 poles to a white oak North 48 poles to a white oak on a ridge N19W66 poles to a maple and hickory N48 W24 poles to a maple and beech N8W (crossing the creek) 34 poles to two chestnuts on a South hillside S69E230 poles to the beginning with its appurtenances.

First Ingram Child Married in 1829?

During this period of time, James INGRAM’s family was the only family of this name in the area of Greenbrier, Kanawha, Monroe, and Nicholas counties. I have not done a complete study of all Ingram, Ingrum, Inghram, and Ingharam in the early censuses of Virginia. There were Inghram and Ingharam individuals in Lewis, Wood, Tyler, and Ohio counties. Lewis and Wood bordered Kanawha County in 1829 (see Interactive Map of West Virginia County Formation History).

Charles WALKER married Elizabeth INGRAM on 4 August 1829 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia.29 No further information has been found on this marriage or couple. Was Elizabeth the unknown daughter listed in the 1820 census?

1830censusingram
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Kanawha [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1830 census of Kanawha County with the following persons in his household: 1 male under 5 (Matthew), 1 male 5-10 (John), 2 males 10-15 (Joshua & Robert), 1 male 15-20 (James Jr.), 1 male 50-60 (James), 1 female under 5 (Cynthia), and 1 female 40-50 (Margaret), 8 persons in household.30

James and Margaret’s youngest child Ruth was born about 1832 in Fayette County. Between 1831 and 1835, the oldest son, James Jr., died in early manhood without marrying.31 He is buried in the Kincaid Cemetery in Kincaid, Fayette County, West Virginia.32

In 1834 James was listed as having an account with Mr. LANDCRAFT, a store owner. I discovered the September 1834 inventory and appraisement of the estate of Melitus J. Landcraft while searching through the early Will Books for Fayette County. Mr. LANDCRAFT appears to have been a merchant (goods are listed) and many of my Fayette County relatives had accounts on his books and/or notes of debts. Very helpful are several “son of” mentions following the names.33

In an election held on 1 April 1835 in Fayette County to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, “James INGRAHM” and his son “Joshua INGRAHAM” voted for Kanawha Falls.34

1840censusingram
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayett [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1840 census of Fayette County with the following persons in his household: 2 males 10-15 (Matthew & John), 1 male 15-20 (Robert), 1 male 60-70 (James), 1 female 5-10 (Ruth), 1 female 10-15 (Cynthia), 1 female 50-60 (Margaret), 7 persons in household, 2 engaged in agriculture. James’ oldest living child Joshua had his own household nearby.35

Following the 1840 census, James’ sons began to marry. Geraldine Dempsey Workman (1931-2007) wrote, “….pages are missing from the Marriage book at the courthouse.” We can only assume that Robert married Huldah JOHNSON (1817-1880) about 1841 and Joshua married Mahala C. STEELE (1823-1888) bet. 1841-1845 and that their marriage records may have been on these missing pages.

According to family tradition, James’ son John was the first to leave the area. He moved to the Poca River in Kanawha County before the 1850 census.36

In 1850 James, age 70, a laborer, unable to read or write, is in the household of John TINCHER, a widower with three young children and his widowed mother.37 At the same time, Margaret INGRAM, 56, is with her/their children Ruth, 18, Matthew, 25, and Cynthia, 23 living next door to her/their son Robert.38 Was James boarding with the family while working away from home? Or were James and Margaret separated?

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayette [ancestry.com]
In 1851 James INGRAM and his wife Margaret saw three of their children marrying and setting up housekeeping. On January 9, Ruth was married to John DARLINGTON, the youngest son of Benjamin DARLINGTON and Mary JOHNSON, and lived at various places on Loup Creek.39 On February 13, John married Lucy Jane SKAGGS, the daughter of Joseph Preston SKAGGS and Mary LEWIS in Fayette County.40 On March 23, Cynthia INGRAM married John “Johnny” TINCHER, the son of William and Patsy TINCHER of Loup Creek.41

In 1852 Matthew followed his brother John to Sissonville on the Poca River in Kanawha County. Robert bought Matthew’s interest in the 120-acre grant and became the sole owner.42 Matthew was the last of James’ children to marry on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Sarah Francis MARTIN, the daughter of Dio Clesian MARTIN and Catherine KIDD.43

James’ son John, who was widowed in the 1850s, married Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County.44

1860census
1860 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > District 4 > Rock Hill > Page 126/422 > HH # 917-864 [ancestry.com]
In 1860 James is, once again, not living with his wife Margaret. He is listed as 86 years old and a laborer living alone in between James and Eleanor BERRY and John and  Lovina GODDARD in the Rocky Hill P.O. district.45 Margaret may have been living at the home of her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. in Kincaid as this is where she died about 1865 according to family tradition.

James’ son Joshua died between 1860-1862. The death record has not been found however his widow Mahala C. INGRAHAM remarried on 23 August 1862 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Isaac E. LEWIS, a veteran of the Mexican War.46

According to family tradition in the summer of 1865, after the death of his wife, James went to live with his son Matthew in Sissonville in Kanawha County. James may have held his youngest grandchild Absolam, son of Matthew, born 30 September 1865, in his arms before the child died on 3 October 1865. James died in the fall of 1865 at the home of his son Matthew. He is estimated to have been about 90 years old and may be buried near the Methodist Church in Sissonville but this has not been proven.47

James INGRAM was survived by his sons Robert, John, and Matthew; his daughters Cynthia TINCHER and Ruth DARLINGTON, and at least 30 grandchildren and possibly a great-grandchild through his son Joshua’s eldest daughter Mary.

The family would continue to grow with a total of 42 grandchildren. Son John, once again widowed, married a third time to Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County.48 He died before 1880. Daughter Ruth died before 1900. Son Matthew died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk District in Kanawha County.49 Son Robert died about 1902 at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID. And finally daughter Cynthia died on 3 May 1910 and was buried in the Carter Cemetery in Dempsey, Fayette County.50

This Post was Updated on 21 August 2022Missing source citations were added, images were scaled, and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. At the time of this writing (24 August 2014), PPT lists were not available online. The 1792 list was an abstract. In November 2021, the PPT lists for Greenbrier were checked online at FamilySearch. A man with the Ingram surname was found in the county in 1788 and 1789. Ester was first seen in 1790 when the male Ingram disappeared from the lists. His name will not be divulged at this time. 
  2. Virginia Commissioner of the Revenue (Greenbrier County), “Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, Film 2024557, DGS 7849126, Personal property tax lists, 1782-1816, image 218 of 891, 1792, top page, entry 17, Ester Ingram 1 0 0 1. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ2-3SQ3-Y?i=217&cat=777465 : accessed 27 November 2021). 
  3. Jim Talbert, Greenbrier Historical Society Archives and Library, archives@greenbrierhistorical.org, email dated 8 August 2006 to Cathy Meder-Dempsey, confirming the content of the permission slip dated 19 May 1790 and the marriage bond for the marriage of Patience Ingram to David Stay, originals in the possession of the GHS Archive. “Re. The marriage permission slip for David Shay and Rohana Ingram. It was signed by Easter Ingram for “my daughter” and dated May 19, 1790. There is also a permission slip for David signed by David Shay and John King. It contains the bride’s given name which could be Rehana, Tobicna, Pobicna, Robicna and I could see Patience if the “t” were crossed. Greenbrier Marriage Records transcribed by Larry Shuck shows the name as Patience, but has a marriage date of May 23, 1791. There is no husband of Easter named in any of these records.” 
  4. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 59, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 136, entry 2, 23 May 1791, David Stay and Patience Ingram, by John McCue. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00059.jpg : accessed 17 August 2022). 
  5. GenForum, Ingram Surname Forum, message 4899, Re: Need parents of ELIZABETH INGRAM =m= 1785 WV by Nancy Adkins Adkins dated 4 August 2006 in reply to Cathy Meder-Dempsey (https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/ingram/4899/ accessed 4 August 2006) 
  6. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 59, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 136, entry 27, 20 Dec 1798, Francis Story and Elizabeth Ingram, married by John Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00059.jpg : accessed 17 August 2022). 
  7. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Library of Virginia Archives (https://lva-virginia.libguides.com/land-grants), citing Virginia State Land Office, the collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Land Office Grants No. 33, 1795-1796, p. 306 (Reel 99), Land grant Greenbrier 28 November 1795, Ingram, Ester. grantee, 95 acres on a branch of Muddy Creek which is a branch of Greenbrier River and near the land of Richard Humphries, John Viney &c. (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990007752150205756 : accessed 18 December 2012). 
  8. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 58, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 135, entry 27, 26 Nov 1787, William Slaven and Nancy Ingram, married by John Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00058.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  9. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 30, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 63, entry 26, Parnel Ingram and Eliza Commens, married by J. Kobber. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00030.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  10. Virgil A. Lewis, M.A., State Historian and Archivist; The Soldiery of West Virginia, originally published 1911, reprinted for Clearfield Co., Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland 1991, 1996, 1998; pg. 131. 
  11. West Virginia. County Court (Greenbrier County), “Order books, 1780-1911” browse-only images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Greenbrier County, West Virginia courthouse., Film 1637476, DGS 7617374, Vols. A-C 1780-1797 (C to 521), image 722 of 875, page 224, 3rd entry, 31 March 1795 – John Mathews vs. James Ingram in debt. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99V1-X8ZK?i=721&cat=83879 : accessed 6 March 2022). 
  12. Ibid., Film 1637476, DGS 7617374, Vols. A-C 1780-1797 (C to 521), image 871 of 875, page 519, 1st entry, 1 April 1797, Jonathan Mathews assee of James Ingram vs. William Gilliland in debt. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99V1-XDJ3?i=870&cat=83879 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  13. “Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850,” Film 2024557, DGS 7849126, Personal property tax lists, 1782-1816, image 393 of 891, left page, entry 10, 16 April 1799, James Ingrim 1 0 0 2 tax 0.24. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ2-3S38-P?i=392&cat=777465 : accessed 27 November 2021). 
  14. Greenbrier County Order books, 1780-1911, Film 1637476, DGS 7617374, Vols. C-G 1797-1811 (C from 520), image 188 of 953, page 314, 28 May 1799, The Commonwealth against William Dunn Jr., James Ingram on the jury. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89V1-S9MM-2?i=187&cat=83879 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  15. Greenbrier County (West) Virginia Records transcribed by Larry G. Shuck, volume 2: Greenbrier County (West) Virginia personal property tax lists: 1782/3, 1786/8, 1792, 1796, 1799, 1805 & 1815; Iberian Publishing Company, Athens, Georgia; pg. 210] 
  16. Ibid., pg. 257 
  17. Greenbrier County (West Virginia) County Clerk, “Deeds (Greenbrier County, West Virginia), 1780-1901” database with images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Greenbrier County Courthouse in Lewisburg, West Virginia, Film 593545, DGS 7765144, Deeds, v. 3-4 1803-1814, image 326 of 528, pages 169, 28 February 1809, John Conner and wife Mary Conner 120 acres for $1.00 to James Ingram on Meadow River and Sewel on ridge opposite Buffalow Lick in Greenbrier County. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4X-2C5?i=325&cat=98577 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  18. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 31, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 64, entry 16, Jas. Ingram and Margaret Kincaid, married by Josiah Osburn. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00031.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  19. J.R. Cole, History of Greenbrier County (published 1917 in Lewisburg, West Virginia) pg. 35 
  20. Virginia Tax List Censuses, (reconstructed 1790, 1800, and 1810 federal censuses using tax list, microfilm images with every name indexes), Binns Genealogy,(http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/) citing original records from Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia or Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, Greenbrier County, Virginia, 1810 Personal Tax List B, page 6, right side, line 2nd to last, James Ingram. 1810 Greenbrier County, Virginia Tax List. (http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/FreeSample/CDR-000484/1810/1810PersonalB/06.pdf : accessed 16 January 2020). 
  21. “Deeds (Greenbrier County, West Virginia), 1780-1901,” Film 593547, DGS 8589064, Deeds, v. 5 1813-1814, image 59-60 of 372, page 94-95, 25 Feb 1812, James Ingram and wife Margaret, 120 acres for $1.00 to Newbury Stockton, conveyed to Ingram by John Conner on ridge leading to Buffaloe Lick (Greenbrier). (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C37T-4SZ2-T?i=58&cat=98577 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  22. Shuck, Greenbrier County (West) Virginia personal property tax lists: 1782/3, 1786/8, 1792, 1796, 1799, 1805 & 1815, pg. 287. 
  23. 1820 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/), citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, NARA Roll: M33_132, image: 154, Virginia, Greenbrier County, Lewisburg, page 176 (crossed out, should be 178), line 14, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  24. WVCulture.org, Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  25. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584754, image 164, Fayette County Register of Deaths, page 165 (double-page spread), entry 27, 2nd district, Cynthia Tincher, 3 May 1910, age 82 yrs 1 month 8 days, died in Page. (http://images.wvculture.org/584754/00164.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). Note: age at death calculates to a birth date of 25 March 1829. 
  26. Betty LeMasters, Samuel Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia, [on Dempsey Branch (Laurel Creek) behind Doggett Chapel], listing posted to Fayette County (WV) Footprints (obsolete website) 13 May 2005. Tincher, Cynthia; Mar. 25, 1828 – May 3, 1910; w/o John. 
  27. L. Neil Darlington, Cabins of the Loop and Environs of the Southern Half of Fayette County Virginia (Now West Virginia)” (December 1987, McClain Printing Company, Parsons, West Virginia, 1988) pg. 222-223 
  28. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Library of Virginia Archives (https://lva-virginia.libguides.com/land-grants), citing Virginia State Land Office, the collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Land Office Grants No. 94, 1842-1843, p. 507 (Reel 160), Robert and Matthew Ingram Land grant 31 August 1843, 120 acres on Loop Creek in Fayette County, West VIrginia. (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990007752490205756 : accessed 16 February 2002). 
  29. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521719, image 215, Kanawha County Marriage Records, page 75, entry 27, 4 Aug 1829, Charles Walker and Elizabeth Ingram (http://images.wvculture.org/521719/00215.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022) 
  30. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Nara Roll M19_191, FHL Film: 0029670, Virginia, Kanawha, page 197 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  31. Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993 (Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, 310 Oyler Avenue, Oak Hill, WV 25901,1993), pg. 21. Personal copy bought 2000. In April of 1835, an election was held in Fayette Co. (including the area that is now Raleigh Co.) to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, James Ingrahm and his son Joshua Ingraham are on the list of voters who voted for Kanawha Falls. James, Jr. could possibly have been deceased at this time. 
  32. Luella Arlene Loving Lowther, First Tidbits of Information on Robert Ingram and Huldah Johnson, e-mail correspondence in May 2000 with Cathy Meder-Dempsey. 
  33. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch, Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 23 of 292 > inventory and appraisement of the estate of Melitus J. Landcraft.  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-9Q?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : 23 October 2018) 
  34. History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993, pg. 21. 
  35. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, NARA Roll: M704_555, FHL Film: 0029685, Virginia, Fayette County, page 3 (double-page spread, left side), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  36. I cannot prove this family tradition. John was not found in the 1850 census. Several records show his presence in Fayette County in 1851 and 853. 
  37. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 362B, household 419-419, lines 10-15, a laborer in the John Tincher household (accessed 19 December 2012). 
  38. Ibid., Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 366A, household 462-462, lines 4-7, Margaret Ingram (accessed 11 June 2018). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  39. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 56, entry 9, 9 Jan 1851, John Johnson Darlington and Ruth Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  40. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 57, entry 7, 13 Feb 1851, John Ingram and Lucy Jane Skaggs, married by Allen Wood. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  41. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 219, Fayette County Marriages, page 59, entry 2, 23 Mar 1851, John Tincher and Cinthy Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00219.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  42. This is a family tradition. No record transferring Matthew’s share to Robert has been found. The land tax records show Robert and Matthew paying tax on the 120 acres in 1844 and 1845. In 1846 and 1847 the name was written Robert M. Ingram and thereafter, only Robert Ingram was named as the owner who paid tax on the land. 
  43. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing digital images of originals housed at the county courthouses in Ohio, Meigs > Marriage records 1852-1862 vol 2 > image 77 of 271 > page 96 (stamped), entry 1, 20 Aug 1854, Matthew Ingram and Sarah Frances Martin, married by R. Wilkinson, M.G., citing Meigs County, Ohio. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-91QN-R8?cc=1614804&wc=Z51G-DP8%3A121348301%2C121390201 : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  44. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 27, Register of Marriages, Kanawha County, page 21 (double-page spread), line 86, 12 July 1860, John Ingraham and Delilah Smith, citing near Sissonville. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00027.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  45. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653_1344; Family History Library Film: 805344; Virginia, Fayette County, District 4, sheet 422, page 126, household 937-864, line 33, James Ingrum (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  46. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” Meigs > Marriage records 1862-1866 vol 3 > image 11 of 292 > Record of Marriages of Meigs County , page 16 (stamped), record No. 36, 23 Aug 1862, Isaac E. Lewis and Mahala C. Ingraham. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939K-PJSF-C9?cc=1614804&wc=ZRHZ-RM9%3A121348301%2C121432201 : accessed 25 April 2022). 
  47. James Simon Ingram, compiler, History of the Ingram Family, includes family groups sheets and census information sent per email by JSI to Cathy Meder-Dempsey in May 2001 (prepared in October 1997). 
  48. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 73, Register of Marriages, page 67, line 184, 1 Dec 1869, John Ingram and Mary E. Adkins. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00073.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  49. Ibid., Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  50. Ibid., West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584754, image 164, Fayette County Register of Deaths, page 165 (double-page spread), entry 27, 2nd district, Cynthia Tincher, 3 May 1910, age 82 yrs 1 month 8 days, died in Page. (http://images.wvculture.org/584754/00164.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 

52 Ancestors: #18 Robert INGRAM 1819-abt. 1902

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #18 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#18 Robert INGRAM 1819-abt. 1902

My 3rd great-grandfather Robert INGRAM was born about 1819 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. He was the son of James INGRAM and Margaret “Peggy” KINCAID. He had two older brothers, James Jr. born about 1811 and Joshua born about 1813. He may have had an older sister, as seen in the 1820 census, but no further information has been found for her.

1820 U.S. Federal Census1
Greenbrier County, Virginia
Lewisburg
Name: James Ingram
Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 3 (James Jr., Joshua, Robert)
Free White Persons – Males – 45 and over: 1 (James)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 1 (unknown daughter)
Free White Persons – Females – 45 and over: 1 (Margaret, age should be ca. 26)
Free White Persons – Under 16: 4 (James Jr., Joshua, Robert, and unknown female)
Free White Persons – Over 25: 2 (James and Margaret)
Total Free White Persons: 6
Total All Persons – White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 6

Robert’s parents continued to have children in the 1820s: John was born about 1820, Matthew on 9 January 1824,2 and Cynthia on 25 March 1828.3 The female in the under 10 years age group in 1820 was not with the family in 1830. She may have died or was old enough to marry by 1830.

1830 U.S. Federal Census4
Kanawha County, (West) Virginia
Line 17
Name: James Ingram
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 1 (Matthew)
Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 1 (John)
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14: 2 (Joshua & Robert)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (James Jr.)
Free White Persons – Males – 50 thru 59: 1 (James)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 1 (Cynthia)
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49: 1 (Margaret)
Free White Persons – Under 20: 6
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 1
Total Free White Persons: 8
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 8
Note: Fayette County was not formed until 1831 and included parts of Kanawha, Nicholas, Greenbrier, & Logan

In an election held on 1 April 1835 in Fayette County to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, “James Ingrahm” and “Joshua Ingraham” voted for Kanawha Falls. James’ oldest son James Jr. is not mentioned and it is assumed that he died before this date. Robert INGRAM was not old enough to vote.5

1840 U.S. Federal Census6
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
Name: James Ingram
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14: 2 (John, Matthew)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (Robert)
Free White Persons – Males – 60 thru 69: 1 (James)
Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1 (Ruth)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 1 (Cynthia)
Free White Persons – Females – 50 thru 59: 1 (Margaret)
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 2 (James and Robert)
Free White Persons – Under 20: 5 (Robert, John, Matthew, Cynthia, Ruth)
Total Free White Persons: 7
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 7

Robert married about 1840

No marriage record has been found for Robert INGRAM. He was most likely with his father in the 1840 census as he is not seen with his own household. I assume that he married Huldah JOHNSON after the enumeration and before the birth of their son Vincent about 1841. Geraldine Dempsey Workman, who did much of the early work on our families, wrote, “Robert and Hulda’s (sic) marriage record cannot be found since pages are missing from the Marriage book at the courthouse.” Death records of their children Mary Elizabeth (Ingram) BLAKE7 and Richard Edward INGRAM8 list the mother as Hulda (sic, Huldah) JOHNSON.

1842 Land Patent

In 1842 Robert patented 120 acres at Ingram Branch (as it was later known) of Loop Creek with his brother Matthew.9

In margin:
Robert & Mathew Ingram
120 acres
Fayette County
Delivered to Col. Tyree ?th February 1844

Document:
James M. Dowell, Esquire, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia: To all to whom these Presents shall come-Greeting: KNOW YE, That in
conformity with a Survey, made on the 21st day of October, one thousand eight hundred and forty two By virtue of Land Office Treasury warrant N. 14756

there is granted by the said Commonwealth, unto Robert and Mathew Ingram

a certain Tract of Land, containing one hundred and twenty acres: lying and
being in Fayette County on Loop creek and bounded as follow, towit
Beginning at a white oak and gum corner to John Kincaid, on
the Left hand side of the creek & with crossing the same S6W54 poles
to a sugar tree & beech corner to same and leaving S67W60 poles to two
chestnut oaks on a point S88W106 poles to a white oak North 48 poles
to a white oak on a ridge N19W66 poles to a maple and hickory N48
W24 poles to a maple and beech N8W (crossing the creek) 34 poles to
two chestnuts on a South hillside S69E230 poles to the beginning
with its appurtenances.

To have and to hold the Tract or Parcel of Land, with its appurtenances, to the said
Robert and Mathew Ingram
and their heirs forever.

In witness whereof, the said James M. Dowell Esquire, Governor
of the Commonwealth of Virginia, hath hereunto set his Hand, and caused the Lesser Seal of the said Commonwealth to be affixed, at Richmond, on the thirty first day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty three and of the Commonwealth the sixty eighth.

Jas. M. Dowell

The children of Robert Ingram

Following the birth of Vincent about 1841, Robert and Huldah had two more sons before the 1850 census. Irvin Lewis was born about 1846 and William Preston was born about 1847 on the Ingram Branch of Loop Creek. Robert and Huldah are seen with these sons in the 1850 census.10

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Sheet 365B
1850censusingram2
1850 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Sheet 366A

1850 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, Virginia
Enumerated on 27 August 1850
Sheet No. 365B, Lines 41-42
HH #461-461
Robert Ingram 31 M Farmer $100 Virginia
Huldah Ingram 32 F Virginia
Sheet 366A, Lines 1-3
HH #461-461 (cont…)
Vincent Ingram 9 M Virginia
Irvin L. Ingram 4 M Virginia
Wm. P. Ingram 2 M Virginia

Three of Robert’s siblings married in the first three months of 1851 in Fayette County. Ruth married John Johnson DARLINGTON (1826-1900) on 9 January 1851,11 John married Lucy Jane SKAGGS (1824-1853) on 13 February 1851,12 and Cynthia married John B. “Johnny” TINCHER (1815-1890) on 23 March 1851.13

Robert INGRAM was one of the appraisers of his uncle James G. KINCAID’s estate in August 1852.14 He bought a McComic (sic, McCormick) plow for 3 dollars 12 1/2 cents at the estate sale. In the 1800s, farming was largely done by hand, with animals assisting in plowing, breaking up the soil, and transporting crops.

Robert’s brother Matthew who had patented land with him in 1842 married on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Sarah Frances MARTIN (1834-1906).15

Three daughters were born in the 1850s to Robert and Huldah: Amy about 1851, Nancy Margaret about 1853, and Mary Elizabeth on 26 October 1856.16

1860censusingram
1860 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Page 45 > Sheet 355

1860 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, Virginia
District No. 1
Enumerated the 20th day of June 1860, P. Morton, Ass’t Marshall
Gauley Bridge Post Office
Page No. 25, Sheet No. 335, lines 12-21, HH # 183-161
Robert Ingrum 41 M Farmer $1000 $200 Virginia
Huldah Ingrum 42 F Virginia
Vincent Ingrum 19 M Farm Laborer Virginia
Ervin L. Ingrum 14 M Virginia
William P. Ingrum 12 M Virginia
Amy Ingrum 8 F Virginia
Nancy M. Ingrum 7 F Virginia
Mary E. Ingrum 3 F Virginia
Amanda Blake 20 F day laborer Virginia
John A. Blake 1 M illegitimate Virginia

Note: Amanda Blake seen with the Ingram family was the daughter of John BLAKE and Malinda JOHNSON. Malinda has been seen as the daughter of Israel JOHNSON, however, I believe that this may not be the case. Israel JOHNSON’s last will and testament written 24 October 1850, proven March 1852, does not mention Malinda.17 Further research to determine the relationship between Amanda BLAKE and the INGRAM family is planned.

Robert’s brother Joshua died bet. 1860-1862. The death record has not been found however his widow was seen remarrying on 23 August 1862 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Isaac E. Lewis, a veteran of the Mexican War.18

Robert’s brother John who had been widowed in the 1850s married Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia.19

In 1861 Robert INGRAM was one of the signers who endorsed James S. CASSADY as a delegate for Fayette County during the debates and proceedings of the First Constitutional Convention of West Virginia.

Richard Edward, the youngest child of Robert and Huldah, was born during the Civil War on 16 March 1862 at Ingram Branch.20

Robert’s oldest son Vincent gave evidence on 28 May 1862 about an event that took place in the fall of 1861.21 This is the last mention of this child and it is believed that he died between 1862 and 1870.

Robert’s parents die in the 1860s

Robert’s mother Margaret “Peggy” KINCAID died about 1865 at the home of her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. and his father James INGRAM died between September and December 1865 in Sissonville in Kanawha County while living with his son Matthew.22

Two of Robert’s children married in the late 1860s in Fayette County. Irvin Lewis INGRAM married Mary M. DEMPSEY (1845-1888) on 23 May 1867.23 William Preston married Minerva LIGHT (1849-1920) on 8 April 1869.24

Robert’s brother John married a third time to Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County.25 He was seen with her in the 1870 census and both may have died before 1880.

1870censusingram
1870 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Falls of Kanawha >Page No. 2, Sheet 95B > HH #13-13

1870 U.S. Federal Census26
Fayette County, West Virginia
Falls of Kanawha Township, Page No. 2, Sheet 95B
Enumerated the 12th day of August 1870. Martin Hill, Ass’t Marshall
Gauley Bridge Post Office
HH #13-13
Ingram, R. 51 M W Farmer $300 $325 Virginia male US citizen over 21
Ingram, Huldah 52 F W Housekeeper Virginia
Ingram, Amy 19 F W Housekeeper Virginia cannot read or write
Ingram, Mary A. 12 F W Housekeeper Virginia
Ingram, Nancy A. 15 F W Housekeeper Virginia
Ingram, Richard 8 M W Virginia

Two of Robert’s daughters married in Fayette County in the 1870s. Nancy Margaret “Maggie” married Marion L. BOWLING (1836-1900) on 2 February 187227 and Mary Elizabeth married Martin Van Buren BLAKE (1846-aft. 1900) on 22 Oct 1874.28

1880ingramcensus
1880 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Kanawha > ED 28, Sheet 59D > HH #329-330

1880 U.S. Federal Census29
Fayette County, West Virginia
Kanawha District, Sheet 59D
Enumeration District No. 28
Enumerated the 14th day of June 1880, W. Wirt King, enumerator
HH #329-330
Ingram, Robert W M 61 married Farmer WV WV WV
Ingram, Huldah W F 63 wife married Keeping house WV WV WV
Ingram, Annie W F 23 dau single At home cannot read & write WV WV WV (should be Amy age 28; she married in 1895)
Ingram, Richard W M 18 son single At home WV WV WV

Robert is widowed between 1880 and 1900

Robert’s wife Huldah JOHNSON and his sister Ruth INGRAM died between 1880 and 1900. This twenty-year gap in the census is a hurdle all genealogists have to take. Hopefully, documents will come to light and help close this gap. Several of Robert’s children married in Fayette County during this time as seen in marriage records:

Richard Edward married Lucy F. HAMILTON (1856-1884) on 21 March 1883.30 Following her death, he married Rebecca Wilmuth RINEHART (1856-1909) on 27 May 1888.31 Irvin Lewis married Octava Susan “Susie” ALIFF (1865-1932) on 11 February 1888.32 Finally “old maid” Amy married James B. PAYNE (1846-1916) on 23 October 1895 at the age of 43.33

1900ingramcensus
1900 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Kanawha > ED 16, Sheet 11A > HH #190-190

In 1900 Robert is seen for the last time in the census. He is living with the family of William Edward HAMILTON and is listed as a boarder. There is no known relationship to the HAMILTON family who took in two other boarders. His surname is seen as INGHRAM, a spelling that he did not use. He was widowed and did not work. He was incorrectly listed as being 89 years old, born in May 1811.34 He may have been born in May but in all previous census listings, he was seen with an age that calculated to his being born about 1819.

Robert’s brother Matthew died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville in Kanawha County and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk District.35

Robert INGRAM died abt. 1902 at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID. He had one surviving sibling, Cynthia TINCHER who died in 1910.36

This Post Was Updated on 1 May 2022Missing source citations were added and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. 1820 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/), citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, NARA Roll: M33_132, image 154, Virginia, Greenbrier County, Lewisburg, page 176 (crossed out, should be 178), line 14, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014) 
  2. James Simon Ingram, compiler, History of the Ingram Family, includes family groups sheets and census information sent per email by the compiler to Cathy Meder-Dempsey in May 2001 (prepared in October 1997). 
  3. Betty LeMasters, Samuel Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia, [on Dempsey Branch (Laurel Creek) behind Doggett Chapel], listing posted to Fayette County (WV) Footprints (obsolete website) 13 May 2005. Tincher, Cynthia; Mar. 25, 1828 – May 3, 1910; w/o John. 
  4. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Nara Roll M19_191, FHL Film: 0029670, Virginia, Kanawha, page 197 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  5. History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993; Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, 310 Oyler Avenue, Oak Hill, WV 25901, 1993; pg. 21. 
  6. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, NARA Roll: M704_555, FHL Film: 0029685, Virginia, Fayette County, page 3 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  7. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), Certificate of Death No. 15521, Mary Elizabeth Blake, died 26 Dec 1928, Oak Hill. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=1953469&ImageNumber=545 : accessed 16 January 2007). 
  8. Ibid., Certificate of Death No. 555, Richard Edward Ingram, died 2 Aug 1920, filed 7 Aug 1920, citing Kincaid, Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=1952796&ImageNumber=572 : accessed 27 Apr 2014). 
  9. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Virginia State Land Office, Grants A-Z, 1-124, reels 42-190; Virginia State Land Office, Grants 125- , reels 369-. The collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Library of Virginia Archives, https://www.lva.virginia.gov/ (Records on Library of Virginia site accessible through the new Collections Discovery System https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/discovery/search?vid=01LVA_INST:01LVA&lang=en), Land Office Grants No. 94, 1842-1843, p. 507 (Reel 160), Robert and Matthew Ingram Land grant 31 August 1843, 120 acres on Loop Creek in Fayette County, West Virginia. (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990007752490205756 : accessed 16 February 2002). 
  10. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_943; image 336 and 337; Virginia, Fayette, District 14, image 72 and 73 of 91, Sheet 365B lines 41-42 and Sheet 366A lines 1-3, household 461-461, Robert Ingram household (accessed 11 June 2018). 
  11. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 56, entry 9, 9 Jan 1851, John Johnson Darlington and Ruth Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  12. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 57, entry 7, 13 Feb 1851, John Ingram and Lucy Jane Skaggs, married by Allen Wood. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  13. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 219, Fayette County Marriages, page 59, entry 2, 23 Mar 1851, John Tincher and Cinthy Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00219.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  14. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch, Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > images 135-136 of 292; citing Fayette County Clerk, West Virginia. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9S7-P9?cc=1909099&wc=Q816-MG7%3A179689901%2C179689902 :accessed 24 April 2022) 
  15. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” database with images, FamilySearch (citing digital images of originals housed at the county courthouses in Ohio), Meigs > Marriage records 1852-1862 vol 2 > image 77 of 271 > page 96 (stamped), entry 1, 20 Aug 1854, Matthew Ingram and Sarah Frances Martin, married by R. Wilkinson, M.G., citing Meigs County, Ohio. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-91QN-R8?cc=1614804&wc=Z51G-DP8%3A121348301%2C121390201 : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  16. “Vital statistics, 1853-1860 of West Virginia,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, citing microreproduction of original manuscripts at the Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, Calhoun – Hampshire counties, Film 34485, DGS 7499353, Fayette County Register of Births, image 118 of 554, no page number (double-page spread), line 45, 26 Oct 1856, no name for child, parents Robert Ingram and Huldah Ingram. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99Z5-FZRR?i=117&cat=308753 : accessed 9 February 2022). 
  17. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 249 of 292; citing Fayette County Clerk, West Virginia. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-K7?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 24 April 2022) 
  18. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” Meigs > Marriage records 1862-1866 vol 3 > image 11 of 292 > Record of Marriages of Meigs County , page 16 (stamped), record No. 36, 23 Aug 1862, Isaac E. Lewis and Mahala C. Ingraham. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939K-PJSF-C9?cc=1614804&wc=ZRHZ-RM9%3A121348301%2C121432201 : accessed 25 April 2022). 
  19. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 27, Register of Marriages, Kanawha County, page 21 (double-page spread), line 86, 12 July 1860, John Ingraham and Delilah Smith, citing near Sissonville. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00027.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  20. Ibid., Certificate of Death No. 555, Richard Edward Ingram, born 16 Mar 1862, died 2 Aug 1920, filed 7 Aug 1920, citing Kincaid, Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=1952796&ImageNumber=572 : accessed 27 Apr 2014). 
  21. “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch, citing NARA microfilm publication M345 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration), Clark, H.-Clay > image 1720-1721 of 2173 > Vincent Ingram makes the within statement against Can Clendenen. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-13038-40557-62?cc=1834304&wc=M6Y2-VWT:162115001 : accessed 17 April 2014). 
  22. Ingram, History of the Ingram Family. 
  23. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764/, image 244, Fayette County, West Virginia, Register of Marriage 1867, page 6, line 14, Irvin Ingram and Mary M. Dempsey, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00244.jpg : accessed 22 January 2022). 
  24. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 249, Fayette County Register of Marriage for 1868-1869, page 10 (double-page spread), line 44, 8 Apr 1869, Wm P Ingram and Manerva Light, married by Wm Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00249.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  25. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 73, Register of Marriages, page 67, line 184, 1 Dec 1869, John Ingram and Mary E. Adkins. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00073.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  26. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686, West Virginia, Fayette County, Falls of Kanawha, sheet 95B, lines 31-36, household 13-13, R. Ingram (accessed 21 July 2018). 
  27. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 258, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 18, entry 8, 2 Feb 1872, Marion L. Bowling and Nancy M. Ingram, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00258.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  28. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 262, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 22, entry 40 of 45, 22 Oct 1874, Martin Van B. Blake and Mary E. Ingram, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00262.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  29. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll: 1402, West Virginia, Fayette County, Kanawha, enumeration district 28, sheet 59D, lines 30-33, household 329-330, Robert Ingram (accessed 10 May 2014). 
  30. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 288, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 47, entry 29, 21 Mar 1883, R. E. Ingram and Lucy F. Hamilton, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00288.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  31. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584765, image 188, West Virginia, Fayette County Clerk’s Certificate and Marriage License, page 331 (stamped), 26 May 1888, Richard Ingram and Rebecca Wilmuth Reece, married 27 May 1888. (http://images.wvculture.org/584765/00188.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  32. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584765, image 166, Fayette County, West Virginia, Clerk’s Certificate and Marriage License, page 288 (stamped), Irvin Lewis Ingram and Susan Octava Holstin, citing Fayetteville, Fayette County, WV. (http://images.wvculture.org/584765/00166.jpg : accessed 22 January 2022). 
  33. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584765, image 355, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, line 24, 23 Oct 1895, James B. Payne and Amy Ingram, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584765/00355.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  34. 1900 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7602/), citing Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T623, 1854 rolls, Roll: T623_1758, FHL microfilm: 1241758, West Virginia, Fayette County, Kanawha, enumeration district 16, sheet 11A, household 190-190, line 32, Robt. Inghram in William Hamilton household (accessed 9 February 2022). 
  35. WVCulture.org, Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824.  (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  36. Betty LeMasters, Samuel Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia, Tincher Cynthia, Mar. 25, 1828 – May 3, 1910, w/o John. 

James INGRAM (b. abt. 1771-1774 d. 1865)

Door 3An oral tradition passed on through the generations can be a help or a hindrance to our genealogy research.

In the case of our INGRAM ancestor, family tradition is that the INGRAM immigrant and four of his brothers came to America near the end of the Revolutionary War. Richard M. INGRAM, a great-grandson of James INGRAM, told the tale that it was Bob’s father – Bob being James’ son Robert – who came to America. While James S. INGRAM, a great-great-grandson of James INGRAM through his son Matthew, wrote that it was James’ father.

If James INGRAM came with four brothers near the end of the Revolutionary War (1775-1783) he would have been 12 years old and most likely the youngest as there is no mention of parents traveling with them. It is more likely that his father came over with four brothers before the Revolutionary War as the 1850 and 1860 censuses show that James was born in Virginia. Children living at the time of the 1880, 1900, and 1910 censuses gave their father’s birthplace as Virginia or West Virginia.

James INGRAM (b. abt. 1771-1774 VA d. 1865 Kanawha Co., WV) married Margaret, daughter of John and Elizabeth KINCAID, in 1809 in Greenbrier Co., Virginia (before the formation of West Virginia) and settled on Loup Creek in Fayette Co., VA (WV) about 1830. The place he selected was at the mouth of a branch on Loup Creek now called Ingram Branch. The 120-acre tract, including his improvement, was patented by his sons, Robert and Matthew, in 1843, several years after the settlement.

The family of James and Margaret INGRAM consisted of:
*James Jr. died as a young man and never married
*Joshua married Mahala C. [believed to be the daughter of Jeffrey Oliver STEELE Sr. and Mary SMITH] and died before the Civil War
*Robert married Hulda JOHNSON, daughter of William and Amy JOHNSON, and lived at the Sonny Kincaid site, which was a part of the 120-acre grant of which he had become the sole owner
*John married (1) Lucy Jane SKAGGS before removing to Poca River in Kanawha Co. and then (2) Delilah CRAIG and (3) Mary F. LEGG
*Matthew removed to Poca River in Kanawha Co., WV, and married Sarah Frances Martin, daughter of Dio Clesian MARTIN and Catherine KIDD
*Ruth married John DARLINGTON, youngest son of Benjamin and Mary DARLINGTON, and lived at various places on Loup Creek
*Cynthia married Johnny TINCHER, son of William TINCHER, also of Loup Creek.

Although much is known about the descendants it is the parentage of James INGRAM that remains a mystery.

See the new post on James INGRAM here:

© 2012, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.