A Priest Born in the 16th Century Leaves a Key to Open the Door in a Brick Wall

On Sunday I was checking my post, 52 Ancestors: #25 A Family on Two Continents, and doing miscellaneous searches for descendants of this family from Luxembourg when I made a fantastic discovery.

While searching the newspapers and periodicals on eluxemburgensia, part of the National Library of Luxembourg site, I got a surprising hit for Elisabetha HOBSCHEID and Michel GRASSER, my children’s 5th great-grandparents who I wrote about in the above article.

The hit brought up the book Manuel des fondations de bourses d’étude instituées en faveur des Luxembourgeois, published in 1858. Imagine my surprise. Michel died in 1821, Elisabetha in 1831, and this book was from 1858. A manual of scholarships available to Luxembourgers written by Jean-Pierre Koltz (1804-1880), a teacher.

Unlike the newspapers where you are taken directly to the page the name is found on, this search took me to a chapter in the book. It was not immediately obvious why I was getting a hit in the chapter titled Penninger Foundation. I leafed through until I found Elisabetha and Michel. Their names were on a list of genealogical information. I slowly went back through each generation to find myself at the beginning of the family tree of Pierre PENNINGER.

It took me a few days to get my thoughts together and figure out how to share this discovery. This morning we took a bike ride to Brandenbourg to take pictures which I’ve added throughout this post. I’d like to thank my husband for sharing my enthusiasm through his photography. I hope you enjoy and they don’t distract too much from the rest of the story.

Who was Pierre PENNINGER?

Pierre PENNINGER, a native of Diekirch, took his vows for the priesthood and was the pastor of Brandenbourg at the time of his death.

On 4 June 1632, he donated 2,500 écus to the Jesuit priests. On the 1st of December of the same year, the Conseil provincial (Provincial Council) approved the donation to be used for two scholarships for the seminary in honor of the Holy Trinity.

The road into Brandenbourg with the castle on top of the hill.

In his last will and testament dated 5 January 1636 Father Penninger added the sum of 700 écus for a total of 3,200 écus (7,680 francs in 1848) for the scholarship fund to benefit three students of the Jesuit seminary. Relatives of Pierre PENNINGER, the founder, were the first eligible for the scholarships. If no relatives applied then the scholarships would go to poor young men of the Brandenbourg parish or its environs.

Kapell Brandenbourg (Chapel)

The original capital of the Penninger Foundation was 2,500 écus. The revenue of the capital was enough to fund two students during their stay at the seminary. The wars of the times caused the value of the scholarships to be reduced by nearly half so that only one scholarship for offered.

Inside the Chapel of Brandenbourg

However, through the wise administration of the capital, the fund increased in value to 12,698 francs in 1848. By a royal decree in 1848 it was decided to increase the number of scholarships to two.

Cornerstone of the Chapel of Brandenbourg

As the terms of the will were that the scholarships should go to the priest’s relatives, a family tree, in the possession of the Société Archéologique du Grand-Duché, was kept for consultation by candidates for the scholarships.

Brandenbourg Castle

Why all the excitement?

In my last post about Michel GRASSER and Elisabetha HOSCHEID, I wrote:

Elisabetha’s family lived in Brandenbourg. This parish’s records are lacking and those which are included are out of order. I have not gone through them to find her parents’ family group.

I did not even try to go through the records. The genealogy information in the chapter about the Penninger Foundation in the book mentioned above turned out to be the key I needed to open the door, or maybe a window, in this brick wall.

Stained glass window in the chapel of Brandenbourg

The PENNINGER Family Tree from 1672 and 1705

What follows are extracts of the Penninger family tree pertaining to my children’s direct line from Pierre PENNINGER’s parents to Elisabeth and Michel.

  • All screenshots (below) are from Jean-Pierre Koltz’s Manuel des fondations de bourses d’étude instituées en faveur des Luxembourgeois. Link to the book (public domain) is found at the end of this article.

The genealogical information for the grandfather of Pierre PENNINGER was certified by the aldermen of the town of Diekirch on 7 April 1672 and 21 April 1705.

The grandfather of the founder, Pierre PENNINGER, had two sons. One of the sons was the father of a son and a daughter: Pierre PENNINGER, a lawyer in Diekirch, who was already deceased at the time his cousin, the pastor of Brandenbourg, made his will on 5 January 1636 and Elisabeth PENNINGER who married Regnard HERMAN.

The other son of the grandfather had three children. 1. Pierre, the pastor of Brandenbourg and founder of the scholarship foundation in his name. 2. Hélène, referred to as Hildegarde in her brother’s will, married Pierre FUNCK of Brandenbourg. 3. Marguerite married Jean KLEIN of Bockoltz who the founder referred to as Mercatoris (merchant) in his will.

The descendency of the two sisters of pastor Penninger of Brandenbourg.

My children’s line goes through the second sister Marguerite PENNINGER who married Jean KLEIN and had the following children:

  1. Jean KLEIN
  2. Dominique KLEIN, who was mentioned in Pierre PENNINGER’s will
  3. Jean KLEIN married Eve FLORENTZ
  4. Nicolas KLEIN married Odile BERNARD of Wiltz

The descendency of the KLEIN-PENNINGER couple was certified on 11 August 1768 by the mayors and aldermen of the high justice of Wiltz. The information was later complemented by information found in the civil records.

Jean KLEIN and Eve FLORENTZ had a daughter Hélène KLEIN who married Nicolas BOCK.

Nicolas BOCK and Hélène KLEIN had the following children:

  1. Ludovine BOCK married Jean-Michel REULAND
  2. Marguerite BOCK married Jean KETTELS of Niederwiltz
  3. Jean-Grégoire BOCK married Marie LEMMAER of Brandenbourg
  4. Jean-Nicolas BOCK, a notary from Merzig-sur-la-Sarre, was a Penninger scholar

Jean-Michel REULAND and Ludovine BOCK had the following children:

  1. Marie-Marguerite REULAND married Guillaume FISCHBACH (conflicting information – this daughter is also seen in the line down from the founder’s sister Hélène)
  2. Anne-Marguerite REULAND married N. Fischbach
  3. Jean-Philippe REULAND
  4. Jean-Nicolas REULAND
  5. Marie-Catherine REULAND married Léonard HOSCHEID of Brandenbourg

Léonard HOBSCHEID (sic, HOSCHEID) and Marie-Catherine REULAND of Brandenbourg had the following children:

  1. Marie-Catherine HOBSCHEID (sic) married(1) Philippe FISCHBACH and married(2) Michel LIMES of Brandenbourg
  2. Michel HOBSCHEID (sic) of Brandenbourg married an unknown lady
  3. Elisabeth HOBSCHEID (sic) married Michel GRASSER of Moestroff

Children #1 and #2 continue with another generation while my children’s 5th great-grandparents Elisabeth HOSCHEID and Michael GRASSER of Moestroff do not have children listed.

Have you counted through the generations found for this family? I had the names of Elisabeth HOSCHEID’s parents and, with the above, I have been able to add four more generations back to my children’s 10th great-grandmother Marguerite PENNINGER, sister of Pierre PENNINGER, the pastor who set up the scholarship fund for his relatives or needy young men of the parish of Brandenbourg and environs.

The church of Brandenbourg with the cemetery on the sides and back.

Although the Brandenbourg parish records aren’t complete, I have been able to find baptismal, marriage, and death/burial records for several of the person’s named above as well as for children who were not included in the list. The genealogical information lacks dates and can only be used as a guide until records are found to confirm the line back to the PENNINGER grandfather of Pierre, Hélène, and Marguerite and their cousins Pierre and Elisabeth.

As I began to look for records to support the information found in the published family tree, I learned I was not the first to make this discovery. It kind of burst my bubble but I still feel really good about this since I came across it on my own – even if it was a bit by chance.

Sources:

Auguste Neÿen, Biographie luxembourgeoise: histoire des hommes distingues …, Volume 2, Luxembourg 1861; pg. 40 and 105; online https://archive.org/stream/biographieluxem00negoog#page/n45/mode/2up/search/Penninger

Koltz, Jean-Pierre, Manuel des fondations de bourses d’étude instituées en faveur des Luxembourgeois; V. Bück , Luxembourg, 1858; online http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=2828373&search_terms=Elisabeth%20Hobscheid#panel:pp|issue:2828373|article:DTL3386|page:107|query:Elisabeth Hobscheid

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52 Ancestors: #25 A Family on Two Continents

Michael GRASSER (1772-1821)

Michael GRASSER was born on 8 July 1772 in Moestroff, Canton Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. He was the son of Nicolas GRASSER vulgo REUTERS and Elisabetha WINANDY. Michael was the oldest of eight children born as follows: Michael 8 July 1772, Maria Margaretha 3 April 1774, Michael 24 February 1776, Susanna 26 September 1777, Wilhelm 11 February 1780, Joannes 26 October 1782, Mathias 12 November 1784 (d. 5 March 1785), and Philippe 24 July 1786. Baptismal records were found for all of these children. Their father was often referred to as Nicolas GRASSER vulgo REUTERS.

1772 Baptismal Record for Michäel GRASSER [1]
Michael’s baptismal record was more revealing. The priest wrote:

Nicolai et Elisabetha Grasser conjugum in aedibus Reuters x Moestroff

This indicated the parents were a married couple who lived in a house known as Reuters in Moestroff. Reuters was their house name but the family would keep the GRASSER surname.

Elisabetha HOSCHEID (1772-1831)

Michael married Elisabetha HOSCHEID, daughter of Léonard HOSCHEID and Marie REULAND, on 20 January 1796 in Bettendorf, Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Elisabetha was born about 1772 in Brandenbourg.

Elisabetha’s family lived in Brandenbourg. This parish’s records are lacking and those which are included are out of order. I have not gone through them to find her parents’ family group. However, it is interesting that both her parents’ surnames are also names of town in Luxembourg. HOSCHEID variations are Hoscheit, Hoschet, Hoschette, Houschette; REULAND variations are Reiland, Reyland. Both names may have originated from town names. Did their families originally come from Hoscheid and Reuland? This thought went through my mind as I was climbing the hill up to Reuland, a village in the commune of Heffingen in central Luxembourg, yesterday on my bike. This was the view we were rewarded with after riding through the village to the top of the hill.

A field outside of Reuland on the way to Heffingen

Elisabeth and Michael marry in 1796

1796 M;arriage Record of Michael GRASSER and Elisabetha “HOSCHET” or HOSCHEID

Michael married Elisabetha on 20 January 1796 in Bettendorf. The marriage index card gives 2 January 1796 but the record clearly is for the 20th. More interesting is the name of one of the witnesses for this religious marriage. Nicolas MERCKES of Bettendorf signed the entry making it easier for me to prove who he was. The signature matches those found on the baptismal records of his children. Nicolas was the great-great-grandfather of Fritz KREMER (1905-1972) who would marry Suzanne PEFFER (1910-1987), the great-great-granddaughter of Michael and Elisabetha, one hundred and thirty-five years later, on 7 January 1931. They were the parents of my mother-in-law Maisy KREMER (1931-1986).

Pedigree chart of Suzanne PEFFER (1910-1987 )

The children of Michael and Elisabetha

Michael and Elisabetha had the following children:

  1. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 11 November 1796 in Moestroff and died on 18 February 1801 in Moestroff at the age of 4 years.
  2. Margaretha GRASSER was born on 31 December 1797 in Moestroff and died on 24 April 1848 in Moestroff. She married Pierre RAUSCH, son of Mathieu RAUSCH and Marie SCHMIT, on 25 January 1820 in Bettendorf. Pierre was born on 27 July 1796 in Consdorf (Canton Echternach). He died on 17 December 1875 in St. Nicholas, Stearns County, Minnesota. [8 children]
  3. Jean GRASSER was born on 13 February 1799 in Moestroff and died on 19 November 1803 in Moestroff at the age of 4 years.
  4. Anna Catharina GRASSER was born on 15 December 1801 in Moestroff and died on 6 December 1821 in Moestroff, a week before her 20th birthday.
  5. Maria GRASSER was born about 1801 in Moestroff. Her birth record has not been found and when she married her sister Anna Catharina’s date of birth was listed. Maria died on 4 January 1882 in Moestroff. She married Antoin “Anton” PEFFER, son of Adam PEFFER and Marguerite PIERRET, on 17 February 1830 in Bettendorf. Anton was born on 20 May 1803 in Obermertzig (Feulen) and died on 26 December 1858 in Moestroff. Maria and Anton were my children’s 4th great-grandparents. [7 children]
  6. Phillippe GRASSER was born on 26 July 1804 in Moestroff and died on 12 March 1805 in Moestroff at the age of nearly 8 months.
  7. Cathérine GRASSER was born on 12 November 1805 in Moestroff and died on 1 March 1862 in Luxemburg, Stearns County, Minnesota. She married Michel LESCH, son of Jean LESCH and Elisabeth MAJERUS, on 28 March 1832 in Bettendorf. Michel was born on 15 April 1807 in Biesdorf, Rheinland Pfalz, Germany, and died on 27 June 1878 in Rockville, Stearns County, Minnesota. [8 children]
  8. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 4 July 1807 in Moestroff and died on 1 June 1852 in Moestroff. He married Anne Cathérine STAUDT, daughter of Jean STAUDT and Madeleine SCHILTZ, on 2 March 1835 in Bastendorf (Diekirch). Anne Cathérine was born on 16 January 1808 in Brandenbourg and died on 24 November 1859 in Moestroff. [4 children]
  9. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 23 April 1809 in Moestroff and died on 8 May 1867 in Lultzhausen (Neunhausen). He married Madeleine LENTZ, daughter of Jean LENTZ and Anne Marie MARTEN, on 9 June 1832 in Bettendorf. Madeleine was born on 17 February 1814 in Moestroff and died on 7 August 1844 in Moestroff. Following her death, Nicolas married Marguerite FRISCH, daughter of Michel FRISCH and Susanne WEBER, on 11 December 1844 in Bettendorf. Marguerite was born on 2 March 1820 in Beaufort (Echternach) and died on 22 May 181 in Lultzhausen (Neunhausen). [10 children]

This is a long list of children but, sadly, not all survived childhood. Daughters Margaretha, Maria, and Cathérine, and the two sons named Nicolas were the ones who would marry and continue the line.

Michael dies at the age of 48

Michael and Elisabetha would only be present at the marriage of their oldest daughter Margaretha who married in 1820. A little over a year later, on 26 February 1821, Michael GRASSER died at 11 o’clock in the morning. His wife Elisabetha went to the records office in Bettendorf the following afternoon at 2 o’clock to have his death recorded. She was not able to write and left only a mark on the death record. Mathias HESSE, the secretary, was the second witness and Nicolas RECHT, the mayor, was the civil official.

1821 Death Record of Michael GRASSER

How close was the family after Michael’s death?

Elisabetha HOSCHEID lived another ten years. Did all of her unmarried children live with her and support her?

On 17 February 1830 Elisabetha made her last appearance in a legal document when she was present and consenting to the marriage of her her oldest single daughter Maria, my children’s 4th great-grandmother.

1830 Marriage Record of Anton PEFFER and Maria GRASSER

Reviewing the marriage record (once again) I found things I had questioned earlier. Maria’s age was left off and her date of birth was incorrect as mentioned above under #5. Her father was deceased and his date of death on the marriage record was the date for a child of the same name who died in 1809 and not for Michael who died in 1821.

Looking at the record now, in relation with the GRASSER family, it seems strange that neither of the bride’s brothers named Nicolas GRASSER nor her brother-in-law Pierre RAUSCH were present at the marriage. In the section for the witnesses, there is room for four persons and only three are listed, two PEFFER men – an uncle and a brother of the groom – and an unrelated man. I believe this is the only marriage record I have come across which does not have all four witnesses listed. Further, the marriage record appears to have been prepared in advance or at least by two persons. Notice the light handwriting at the top and bottom, while the middle section is darker and a different handwriting.

Were Maria’s family not happy with her choice? Or, was she in a family way and the rush to get her married caused errors to be made on the marriage record? Maria gave birth to her first child less than eight months after the marriage. Cutting it close or a premature birth, did it really matter as Maria was nearly 30 years old when she married?

Elisabetha dies at the age of 59

Her son-in-law Pierre RAUSCH was the informant of her death on 17 September 1831 in Moestroff. She died at 7 in the morning and Pierre was at the civil records office by 11. The record shows she died at the home of the RAUSCH family which makes me wonder if all of the family was living together at the time – Elisabetha’s unmarried children as well as her married daughter and grandchildren.

1831 Death Record of Elisabetha HOSCHEID

The years after Michael and Elisabetha

Following the death of their mother, Cathérine was the first to marry in March 1832 followed by the younger Nicolas in June 1832. The elder Nicolas married in March 1835.

Two families go to America

In 1848 [many family trees incorrectly list 1840] the oldest child Margaretha died. Her death was followed by the elder Nicolas GRASSER’s death in 1852. This appears to be a turning point in the family history.

Margaretha’s husband Pierre RAUSCH and five of their children emigrated from Luxembourg to Stearns County, Minnesota. Only the oldest daughter remained in Moestroff. A county history places the immigration at the latter part of the 1850s. They may have been the first to go to America but others would follow.

Cathérine and her husband Michael LOESCH (as the name was seen from 1852) also went to Stearns County. The move can be placed at after December 1855 when they were last seen in the Luxembourg census. The LOESCH family also had two sons named Nicolas. The elder was not with his parents in 1855 and likely accompanied Pierre RAUSCH and his children to America. From the History of Stearns County, Minnesota, Volume II by William Bell Mitchell:

Nicholas [Loesch] set out for America in 1854. In 1855 he started for the West with a party of eight young men. They were among the first to pass through the canal at Sault Ste. Marie. Through swamps and woods they pursued their course and finally reached St. Paul. From there Nicholas came to St. Cloud. He first took a homestead in Rockville township, but allowed his right to lapse. His parents obtained a homestead in Rockville township, where they ended their days. Nicholas finally secured a location in section 3, near Pearl lake in Maine Prairie township. Here he erected a log cabin, and with a yoke of oxen and a cow started farming operations.

Two families remain in Luxembourg

While the families of Margaretha and Cathérine went to America, Elisabetha and Michael’s last living son Nicolas remained in Luxembourg but moved away from Moestroff to Lultzhausen. Only Maria, my children’s ancestress, remained in Moestroff as did several generations of her descendants until Suzanne PEFFER died there in 1987.

Genealogical Jackpot!

While checking the National Library of Luxembourg site for newspapers and periodicals for further information on the grandchildren of this couple I made a fantastic discovery concerning Elisabetha HOSCHEID. She and her husband were mentioned in a book written in 1858. I am overwhelmed and will share as soon as I get my thoughts together in a few days.

bestwishescathy1

Sources:
Sources will be added during the week as the remarkable discovery I made today kept me from adding the footnotes and citations.

© 2017, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

52 Ancestors: #24 The Peffer-Pierret Family of Feulen and Gilsdorf

Sometimes when I start to search for information on a family it looks like it will be quick and easy. This family was supposed to be one of these. I did much of the preliminary research two years ago when I wrote about the oldest son Anton PEFFER and his wife Maria GRASSER. They were my children’s fourth great-grandparents.

I put off writing the post the end of June because it fell on the same day I planned to publish my Slave Name Roll Project article. My readers took me up on my offer to explain how I found the records with the names of the slaves and I wrote a very successful spin-off Step by Step Guide to Accessing Browse-only Records on FamilySearch.

The weather finally improved and my husband and I were able to get back on our racing bikes for some much-needed exercise. Two of our rides took us through the town of Gilsdorf where this family lived.

I delayed doing the post again in preparation for my visit to the State Archives of Arlon in Belgium and instead wrote Luxracines on Tour in Belgium and France.

This family had me searching through browse-only church records, civil records, and census records for a period of 150 plus years. This takes time. Not only to browse but to download the images, cite them, analyze them, and attach them to the events of each individual. Each time I put off writing this story, I picked up the research again and I found more records which had to be dealt with.

I now have a nearly complete timeline for the family with so many records that my citation list would be longer than the story. I’m going to leave it up to you to visit my GEDCOM file to consult the sources if you are interested. As the family’s story develops, I have linked each person at the time of their death to his or her individual page on RootsWeb’s WorldConnect Project: Opening Doors in Brick Walls.

The PEFFER-PEIRRET Family Story

Dominique PEFFER (1743-1813) and Marguerite SINTGEN (1750-1821) married on 8 January 1775 in Diekirch. He was from Niederglabach (Mersch) and she was from Gilsdorf, a neighboring town of Diekirch. This couple would have nine children born between 1775 and 1797. All were born in Gilsdorf likely in the ancestral home of the mother. Marguerite was the oldest child and, as was the custom of the time, she may have inherited the family home. Of the nine children born to Dominique and Marguerite, three are known to have married and had children. One of these was Adam PEFFER born on 25 July 1777.

Nicolas PIERRET (1740-1808) and Anna Maria ROBINET (1747-1785) were married on 14 March 1761. The marriage record has not been located. The marriage index card indicates it took place in Eischen/Arlon. This may mean the marriage took place in Eischen and the record will be found in the Arlon parish records. What a strange coincidence when only last Saturday I was visiting the archives in Arlon. Nicolas and Anna Maria were the parents of ten children born between 1764 and  1784 in Eischen (Capellen). Their seventh child was Marguerite PIERRET who was born on 4 August 1777 in Eischen. Anna Maria ROBINET died in 1785 and her widower remarried in 1786. His second wife gave him a daughter in 1787 before dying in 1793.

The PEFFER and PIERRET Union

Adam PEFFER married Marguerite PIERRET on 28 June 1802 in Feulen (Diekirch). Why Adam, who was born and raised in Gilsdorf, and Marguerite, who was born and raised in Eischen, ended up marrying in Feulen is not known. They would remain in the Feulen area, living in Obermertzig where their first five children were born. When Adam had the births of these children recorded his occupation was seen as Taglöhner or day laborer.

  • Antoin “Anton” born 20 May 1803
  • Nicolas born 23 October 1805
  • Eva PEFFER born 4 February 1808 and died 19 March 1808
  • Christian Peffer born 7 May 1809
  • Christina born 15 April 1811

Two days before the birth of their first daughter Eva, Marguerite lost her father Nicolas PIERRET who died in Eischen on 2 February 1808.

Sometime after the birth of daughter Christina, Adam and his family moved back to his hometown of Gilsdorf. This may have had something to do with the death of Adam’s father Dominique PEFFER who died on 11 April 1813 in Gilsdorf. His death was reported by his second oldest son Theodore. At this time it is not known if Adam and Theodore’s older sister was still living. It’s possible that Adam was now the oldest child and may have come home to care for his mother and work in the occupation of his father.

Town sign at the entrance of Gilsdorf via the road coming from the bridge which crosses the Sauer River.

Back in Gilsdorf, Adam and Marguerite added two more children to their family. Both daughters.

  • Susanne born 21 August 1814
  • Angelique born 11 February 1817

In 1814 and 1817 when Adam reported the births of his daughters his occupation was Leinenweber (tisserant in French) or linen weaver – the same occupation as his father Dominique PEFFER.

Five days before Angelique was born, her father Adam’s next oldest brother Théodore married Marie Cathérine KAISER on 6 February 1817 in Stegen. Their youngest brother Peter was a witness. Did Adam stay home to be with his wife Marguerite who was ready to give birth to their last child?

The entrance of the Gilsdorf cemetery where the family is likely buried. We did not walk the cemetery to check for the names.

Adam’s mother Marguerite SINTGEN died four years later at the age of 68 years on 22 February 1821 in Gilsdorf. Her son Théodore reported her death.

The chapel of the Gilsdorf cemetery.

Adam and Marguerite’s family of eight would be reduced to seven on 17 August 1826 when their daughter Susanne PEFFER died four days short of her 12th birthday. Her father reported the death. No longer seen as a linen weaver, his occupation was Ackerer (farmer) at the time of her death.

Adam and Marguerite’s oldest son, my children’s 4th great-grandfather, Antoin “Anton” PEFFER married Maria GRASSER (1801-1882) of Moestroff on 17 February 1830 in Bettendorf, the commune to which Gilsdorf and Moestroff belonged. Adam was a Taglöhner when his son Anton married.

The Catholic church of Gilsdorf. Likely the place the religious marriage ceremonies took place for the children who lived in Gilsdorf and married (civil) in the commune of Bettendorf.

It was another 7 years before the next child of this couple married. Their second oldest son Nicolas married Susanna SCHARLÉ (1810-1873) of Gilsdorf on 6 January 1837 in Bettendorf.

Four years later, Adam and Marguerite’s oldest daughter Christina who was 30 years old married Johann SCHEUER (1794-1875) on 15 February 1841 in Bettendorf. Johann who was 47 years old and widowed with several children.

On 22 December 1843 when the census was taken Adam PEFFER had in his household his only unmarried son Christian and his youngest daughter Angelique who was also still single at the age of 26. Adam and Christian were day laborers and Angelique was seen as having no profession. Where was Adam’s wife Marguerite? The person who filled out the sheet wrote marié (married) as Adam’s marital status and then struck it out replacing it with veuf (widowed). Marguerite PIERRET died the same day as the census sheet was filled out and signed. She died at 9 in the morning at home. Adam and his son-in-law Johann SCHEUER went to the records office at 4 in the afternoon the same day to report her death. Her occupation was listed as day laborer and her place of birth was seen as Eischen in Belgium near Arlon.A month later on 20 January 1844 and on 4 February 1844 the banns were read for the marriage of Adam’s youngest daughter Angelique PEFFER and Nicholas POTT (1815-1873). They married on 10 February 1844 in Bettendorf.

A month later on 20 January 1844 and on 4 February 1844 the banns were read for the marriage of Adam’s youngest daughter Angelique PEFFER and Nicholas POTT (1815-1873). They married on 10 February 1844 in Bettendorf.

When the next two censuses were taken in December of 1846 and of 1847 Adam was had in his household his son Christian in Gilsdorf. His son Anton was living in Moestroff with his wife who was from Moestroff. Adam’s children Nicolas, Christina, and Angelique were in their own households in Gilsdorf.

Adam PEFFER died a few weeks after the 1847 census at the age of 70. He died on 16 January 1848 in Gilsdorf at noon. His death was reported the next day by his oldest son Anton PEFFER and his son-in-law Johann SCHEUER. He died at his home in the “first” street of Gilsdorf. Was this the name of the street or only an indication of where the street was located in the village?

The Years After Adam and Marguerite’s Deaths

Town sign at the entrance from Diekirch. The PEFFER family lived on this side of the village, on a street behind the pink house seen in the center between the two signs.

In December 1849, when the census sheets were once again being filled out, the children of Adam and Marguerite were found mostly where they had been the previous years. Only Christian, the son who had been living with Adam, was now staying with his sister Christiane and her husband Johann SCHEUER.

The single son Christian became my focal point in this family. Would he marry or remain single? In December 1851 he was single and living alone. In December 1852 he was not found alone nor with Angelique, Christina, Nicolas, or Anton. Perhaps he was living with another family in Gilsdorf and the census sheets need to be more closely examined. In December 1855 he was again found alone in his own household.

In December 1858 Christian was now seen with his sister Christina and his brother-in-law Johann SCHEUER. Angelique, Nicolas, and Anton were still in their usual places. Three weeks after the census was taken, the oldest of the siblings, Anton PEFFER, died in Moestroff the day after Christmas. He left a wife and four children.

In December 1861 Christian was 50 years old, still a bachelor, and once again not found in the census. Three years later, in December 1864, he was in his brother-in-law Johann SCHEUER’s household.

His sister Christina PEFFER died on 28 March 1866 leaving a husband and two daughters. By the next census in December 1867 her oldest daughter Margaret had married Markus REIFFER and in the household were her single uncle Christian and her widowed father Johann SCHEUER.

In December 1871 the configuration of the PEFFER-SCHEUER-REIFFER household changed only with the births of REIFFER children. Where their father had been the head of household in 1867, their grandfather Johann was seen as the head in 1871. Christian was still with the family even though his sister was deceased.

By December 1875 Johann SCHEUER had been dead for nine months. His son-in-law Markus now was the head of household and had Christian PEFFER living with the family.Markus’ wife Margaret SCHEUER died on 25 August 1877. By the time the next census was enumerated in December 1880 her widower Markus had remarried. Christian PEFFER was not found with his niece’s widower or with either of his living siblings Angelique POTT-PEFFER or Nicolas PEFFER.

Markus’ wife Margaret SCHEUER died on 25 August 1877. By the time the next census was enumerated in December 1880 her widower Markus had remarried. Christian PEFFER was not found with his niece’s widower or with either of his living siblings Angelique POTT-PEFFER or Nicolas PEFFER.

On 6 March 1883 Nicolas, 78 years old, was the informant for the death of his 74 years old brother Christian PEFFER who died the same day at noon in Gilsdorf. At the time of his death, he did not have a profession and likely was too old or feeble to work.

Angelique and Nicolas were now the last surviving children of Adam and Marguerite PEFFER-PIERRET. Angelique had been widowed in 1873. In 1875 and 1880 she had her two youngest children, sons Jean and Mathias, still living at home. By 1885 they had “disappeared.”

On the February 1887 census, Angelique, as in December 1885, was seen alone in her household. However, on the back page of the census her son Jean was mentioned as being in St. Paul (America) and he had been gone for eight years. With this census listing, I discovered both her sons went to America. John and Matt, as they were later known, had emigrated to America in 1882 and 1883. Matt was married by the 1887 census and therefore not mentioned on his mother’s census sheet. In December 1890, Angelique was still living in her own household only a few doors away from her brother Nicolas.

During our second ride through Gilsdorf, I was on the lookout for the street sign for the Ahlstrasse or Aalstrasse and found “Am Aal” a street which is on the outskirts of Gilsdorf.

In December 1885, February 1887, and December 1890 Nicolas PEFFER was living in the household of his son Adam, who had been named after his grandfather. The PEFFER home was the same as it had always been. Over the years the name of the street was Ahlstrasse or Ahlgasse with Ahl also being seen as Aal.

Angelique PEFFER died on 31 December 1891 in Diekirch in the Bürger Spital (hospital). Her death was reported by her son-in-law Mathias MEITER of Stegen. He gave her age as 79 although she was only 74 years old. Her residence was seen as Diekirch which could mean she may have been a resident of the hospital for some time during the year 1891 until her death.

Nicolas PEFFER, the only living child of Adam and Marguerite, was seen as the head of household on 2 December 1895 in Gilsdorf. He was still living with his son Adam and his family. A year later, on 6 December 1896, he died in his home in Gilsdorf. His son Adam reported his death, gave the name of Nicolas’ deceased wife but did not know the names of his parents. Nicolas was 91 years old and his parents had been dead for around 50 years. Sad but maybe no wonder his 59 years old son Adam did not know their names.

Where will the research go from here?

For now, I believe I have wrapped up this family group. There are still the missing census records for son Christian – he may have been missed or I may have overlooked them. More important to this family’s story may be the emigration of the two grandsons, Jean and Mathias POTT, to America. What became of them and are there descendants waiting to be found? This task is not on the immediate schedule but, if I hear from a descendant, I could be convinced to speed up the research.

bestwishescathy1

© 2017, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

52 Ancestors: #6 Michel LORENTZ and Catharina STENGENFORT of Ingeldorf

Michel LORENTZ and Catharina STENGENFORT (STEINFORT) are the 5th great-grandparents of my children through their paternal line. Michel married Catharina on 21 November 1756 in Diekirch.[1], [2]

1756lorensstengenfortmarriagecard
Marriage Index Card [1]
The marriage index card for their marriage gives the date and parish but no information on the volume number of the register or the page. This means a bit more page by page searching but I am getting used to searching the church records.

1756lorensstengenfortmarriage
1756 Marriage Record[2]

Michael Lorens filius legitimus Mathias
Lorens p.m. in Ingeldorf et Catharina
Stengenfort filia legitima Petri
Stengenfort ex Naschem copulati
sunt 21t 9bris 1756.

The abbreviation p. m.  (piae memoriae) after the name of the groom’s father is an indication that he was deceased at the time of his son’s marriage. This abbreviation is not found after the bride’s father’s name. His place of residence is Naschem which is Nagem (Luxembourgish: Nojem). Nagem belonged to the parish of Rédange-sur-Attert. I have not been able to locate a death entry for Petri or a birth record for the bride Catharina in these church records which begin in 1733. Her maiden name was spelled STENGENFORT on the marriage and death record; this was taken into consideration while searching for the baptismal record.

Michael LORENTZ was born on 6 December 1733 in Ingeldorf to Mathias LORENS and his wife Eva. Michel, as his name was later written, was baptized the same day in Ingeldorf; the godparents were Michael LORENTZ and Appollonia FRENTZ from “Nomeren”.[3]

1733michaellorentzbaptism
1733 Baptismal entry for Michael Lorentz [3]
Victor Racine’s Le Petit Latin pour la généalogie au Luxembourg includes tidbits of information on parish records including the following (translated from German to English):

At baptism, a girl always gets the first name of the godmother, a boy that of the godfather. Baptism usually takes place on the day of birth, but at the latest the next morning. Substitutes are allowed for non-local sponsors. Godfather and godmother are very often for the first son of a couple, the paternal grandfather and the maternal grandmother and for the first daughter, the maternal grandfather and the paternal grandmother. In the case of a life-threatening condition, the midwife performs an emergency baptism. The absence of the father, “patre absente” in some cases is irrelevant, since besides the priest and the godfather, no man attends a baptism. Lords and other notables were very popular godparents with their staff and respected families.

Michel LORENTZ appears to be the first child of Mathias and Eva. I found one other child, a son Jean Philipp born in 1737.[4] If I follow the rule for godparents, above, then Appollonia FRENTZ may be a maternal relative if not Michel’s grandmother.

I checked Thomas Webers’ Familienbuch Nommern und Cruchten 1637-1923 and found only one person of this name, a daughter of Nicolas FRENTZ and Gudula BRITZ. Appollonia’s parents were both deceased in 1733. She had a younger sister named Eva who was born 7 February 1698, a month after the death of her father, Nicolas FRENTZ.[5] Mr. Webers does not have marriage information for the daughter Eva most likely because marriages for Nommern are only available for the years 1678-1719, 1751-1765, 1769-1797. The missing years between 1720 and 1750 may be the downfall of the research and evaluation that needs to be performed before I can add FRENTZ as the maiden name of Michel’s mother Eva.

Michel’s father Mathias LORENS died on 21 September 1753 in Ingeldorf. Death records were searched from 1737 to 1773 for a death record for Eva, wife or widow of Mathias LORENS. This search was not fruitful but I was not at the time on the lookout for Eva FRENTZ, her possible maiden name.

Michel’s wife Catharina STENGENFORT (STEINFORT) was, as seen in the marriage record, the daughter of Petri STENGENFORT of Nagem. If Michel and Catharina followed the naming pattern, the godparents chosen for their ten children, below, may lead to more information on Catharina’s family.

  1. Eva was born and baptized on 10 December 1757 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Philippus LORENS and Eva LORENS, both of Ingeldorf.[6]
  2. Philippus was born and baptized on 21 December 1760 in Ingeldorf. His godparents were Philippus LORENS from Ingeldorf and Anna Catharina STENGENFURT from Nierenhausen (an old form of the village named Nagem).[7]
  3. Maria Elisabetha “Maria” was born and baptized on 27 February 1762 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Petrus HONEN from Kruchten and Maria Elisabetha FRENTZ from Nommern.[8]
  4. Susanna was born and baptized on 22 April 1764 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Nicolaus JUTTEL and Susanna REIGER, both of Diekirch.[9]
  5. Catharina “Catherine” was born and baptized on 14 July 1767 in Ingeldorf.  Her godparents were Petrus MERTEN of Diekirch and Catharina LINKELS of Ingeldorf.[10]
  6. Joannes “Johan” was born and baptized on 18 March 1769 in Ingeldorf. His godparents were Joannes CLOSTER of Erpelding and Barbara MOSINGER of Bettendorf.[11]
  7. Eva was born and baptized on 27 April 1771 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Mathias WILLEMS from Mosinger Hof and Eva LINCKELS of Ingeldorf.[12]
  8. Anna Catharina was born and baptized on 13 February 1773 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Jacobus CONRADT of Diekirch and Anna Catharina HENGEN of Cruchten.[13]
  9. Mathias was born and baptized on 27 May 1775 in Ingeldorf. His godparents were Mathias MOSINGER of Bettendorf and Anna Maria PÜTZ of Nagem.[14]
  10. Anna Maria was born and baptized on 28 December 1777 in Ingeldorf. Her godparents were Henniricus MATHAI of Ingeldorf and Anna Maria RIEGER of Diekirch.[15]

The godmother of child #2 Anna Catharina STENGENFURT and of child #9 Anna Maria PÜTZ, both of Nagem, will be researched for the connection to Catharina STENGENFORT. A handwritten genealogy of the families from Nagem written in 1880 by the parish priest Martin BLUM may also provide missing pieces.

Ch 3: Maria Elisabetha “Maria” LORENTZ married Mathias STERES (1753-1826) of Bettendorf, son of Michel STERES and Susanne CARIERS, on 27 January 1778 in Diekirch.[16]

Ch 2: Philippus LORENTZ married Catharina GRASSER (1768-1829), daughter of Georgii GRASSER and Anna Maria DENNEWALT, on 11 January 1785 in Bettendorf. Philippus’ father Michel worked as a ploughman in Ingeldorf at the time of son’s marriage.[17]

Ch 4: Susanna LORENTZ died on 16 October 1789 in Ingeldorf at the age of 25 years.[18] She never married or had children.

The father of this family, Michel LORENTZ died 9 November 1791 in Ingeldorf.[19] He lived long enough to see two children marry and give him seven grandchildren. He was followed by his wife Catharina STENGENFORT (STEINFORT) on 14 April 1793 in Ingeldorf.[20]

Five of Michel and Catharina’s children were still single. Two of their daughters, both named Eva, may have predeceased them. No record has been found for their deaths. After the deaths of the parents, the family timeline continued as follows:

Ch 5: Catharina “Catherine” LORENTZ married Jean MOHNEN (1776-1817) on 30 December 1793 in Diekirch.[21]

Ch 6: Joannes “Johan” LORENTZ married Cathérine ROBERTY (1772-1819) of Warken on 16 July 1797 in Ettelbrück.[22]

Ch 8: Anna Catharina LORENTZ married Simon TIRARD (1780- ) on 12 May 1802 in Ettelbrück. Simon was from Thionville, Meurthe et Moselle, France.[23]

Ch 2: Philippus LORENTZ died 30 April 1803 in Bettendorf.[24] His widow remarried after Philippe’s death to Michel KAYSER on 12 March 1804 in Bettendorf.[25]

Ch 10: Anna Maria LORENTZ married Johann WEIMERSKIRCH (1769-1832) on 18 July 1803 in Weimerskirch. The 1803 record of marriage was likely lost as a new record was written up on 17 June 1826 in Neudorf (Eich). I examined the church records of Weimerskirch; the marriages for the year 1803 are missing. The civil marriage record created on 17 June 1826 includes information about Johann WEIMERSKIRCH’s parents and their deaths; his first marriage; the death of wife in 1803; the marriage to Anna Maria LORENTZ on 18 July 1803 performed by Jos. MATHIEU in Weimerskirch; and the 4 children with their dates of birth born during the marriage to Anna Maria LORENTZ, legitimizing the children. The 1826 marriage record is very difficult to read.[26]

Ch 9: Mathias LORENTZ married Margaretha PREUSEN (1785-1843) on 28 November 1809 in Diekirch.[27] Margaretha was born on 13 July 1785 in Diekirch.[28] Mathias and Margaretha are my children’s fourth great-grandparents.

Ch 6: Joannes “Johan” LORENTZ died on 28 December 1819 in Warken (Ettelbruck).[29]

Ch 9: Mathias LORENTZ died on 12 December 1822 in Diekirch.[30]

Ch 3: Maria Elisabetha “Maria” LORENTZ died on 30 January 1824 in Ingeldorf.[31]

Mathias STERES, widower of Maria Elisabetha (Ch 3) died on 25 August 1826 in Ingeldorf.[32]

Catharina GRASSER, widow of Philippus (Ch 2), died on 20 May 1829 in Bettendorf.[33]

Ch 10: Anna Maria LORENTZ died on 17 April 1838 in Neudorf.[34]

Ch 5: Catharina “Catherine” LORENTZ died on 15 March 1839 in Ingeldorf.[35]

Margaretha PREUSEN, widow of Mathias (Ch 9) died on 17 November 1843 in Diekirch.[36]

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Michel LORENTZ
Parents:  Mathias LORENTZ and Eva
Spouse: Catharina STENGENFORT (STEINFORT)
Parents of spouse: Petri STENGENFORT
Whereabouts: Ingeldorf and Nagem
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s 4th great-grandparents

1. Michel LORENTZ and Catharina STEINFORT
2. Mathias LORENTZ
3. Maria “Marie” LORENTZ
4. Elisabetha “Elisabeth” “Elise” FABER
5. Johann Peter “Jean-Pierre” MEDER
6. Marcel Mathias MEDER
7. husband of Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Twenty-five grandchildren of Michel and Catharina have been found.  The children of the Lorentz-Roberty and Tirard-Lorentz couples who married in Ettelbrück have not been looked into.

bestwishescathy1Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, registres paroissiaux, 1601-1948 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Tables des mariages 1700-1798 (index organisée par l’époux) > image 571 of 1195. 1756 Marriage Index Card. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32461-10014-69?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-DPV:1500890501,1501181502 : accessed 19 July 2015).
[2] Ibid., Diekirch > Mariages 1743-1794 > image 18 of 122. 1756 Marriage Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32400-4113-50?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B87:1500890501,1500891002 : accessed 19 July 2015).
[3] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1647-1664, 1672-1743, mariages 1698-1741, sépultures 1698-1729 > image 163 of 240. 1733 Baptismal Record (left page, 7th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-M7HV?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B8B%3A1500890501%2C1500890502 : 9 January 2015),.
[4] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1647-1664, 1672-1743, mariages 1698-1741, sépultures 1698-1729 > image 163 of 240. 1737 Baptismal Record (right page, 4th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-M7HV?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B8B%3A1500890501%2C1500890502 : 9 January 2015).
[5] Thomas Webers, Familienbuch Nommern und Cruchten 1637-1923, (PDF, 2015) p. 193, Family #618.
[6] Luxembourg Church Records, Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 79 of 373. 1757 Baptismal Record (right page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LH1Q?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[7] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 95 of 373. 1760 Baptismal Record (left pge, 2nd from bottom). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LHRV?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 Feb 2017),.
[8] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 104 of 373. 1762 Baptismal Record (left page, 2nd entry from bottom). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LHVD?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[9] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 120 of 373. 1764 Baptismal Record (left page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-LHH9?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 Feb 2017).
[10] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 138 of 373. 1767 Baptismal Record (right page 5th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WM-LHSK?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[11] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 149 of 373. 1769 Baptismal Record (right page, 5th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WM-LH63?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[12] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 165 of 373. 1771 Baptismal Record (left page, 1st entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-LHWX?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[13] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 176 of 373. 1773 Baptismal Record (right page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LHXT?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[14] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 192 of 373. 1775 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32421-7418-24?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL:1500890501,1500918030 : accessed 11 July 2015).
[15] Ibid., Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789  > image 208 of 373. 1777 Baptismal Record (right page, 2nd entry from bottom). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-LCLP?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL%3A1500890501%2C1500918030 : accessed 4 February 2017).
[16] Ibid., Diekirch > Mariages 1743-1794 > image 46 of 122. 1778 Marriage Record (right page, first entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-MWJ9?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B87%3A1500890501%2C1500891002 : accessed 5 February 2017).
[17] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1797-1800, baptêmes 1779-1793, mariages 1779-1793, 1797-1800, décès 1797-1800, sépultures 1779-1793 > image 71 of 222. 1785 Marriage Record (right page). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WM-MS6S?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPK%3A1500974653%2C1500990942 : 9 January 2015),.
[18] Ibid., Diekirch > Sépultures 1743-1793 > image 111 of 140. 1789 Death Record (left page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LHVZ?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-6Y7%3A1500890501%2C1500929176 : 9 January 2015).
[19] Ibid., Diekirch > Sépultures 1743-1793 > image 123 of 140. 1791 Death Record (right page, 5th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-LHHB?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-6Y7%3A1500890501%2C1500929176 : accessed 3 February 2017).
[20] Ibid., Diekirch > Sépultures 1743-1793 > image 135 of 140. 1793 Death Record (left page, 3rd entry from bottom). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-LH6Z?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-6Y7%3A1500890501%2C1500929176 : accessed 3 Feb 2017).
[21] Ibid., Diekirch > Mariages 1743-1794 > image 115 of 122. 1793 Marriage Record (left page). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-M7RK?cc=2037955&wc=STHC-B87%3A1500890501%2C1500891002 : 9 January 2015).
[22] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Ettelbruck > Naissances 1885-1890 Mariages 1796-1844 > image 198 of 1505. 1797 Marriage Record, part 1 (30 fructidor an 5). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6X2S-M3T?cc=1709358&wc=9RYC-FM9%3A129625001%2C130529102 : 17 July 2014).
[23] Ibid., Ettelbruck > image 310 of 1505. 1802 Marriage Record No. 10 (22 Floreal an X). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6XL3-Z4?cc=1709358&wc=9RYC-FM9%3A129625001%2C130529102 : 17 July 2014).
[24] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 873 of 1494. 1803 Death Record No. 10 (10 floreal an XI). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-69X?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : 17 July 2014).
[25] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 1323 of 1507. 1804 Marriage Record No. 32. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-3487-82?cc=1709358 : accessed 26 September 2015).
[26] Ibid., Eich > Mariages 1794-1841 > image 1128 of 1498. 1826 Marriage Record No. 19. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DBRW-ZC4?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-829%3A129629601%2C129984601 : 17 July 2014).
[27] Ibid., Diekirch > Naissances 1879-1890 Mariages 1796-1842 > image 750 of 1492. 1809 Marriage Record page 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11618-101768-87?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2N2:1627336735 : accessed 04 Apr 2013). Second part on image 751.
[28] Luxembourg Church Records, Diekirch > Baptêmes 1743-1790, confirmations 1768-1789 > image 299 of 373. 1785 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32421-8798-97?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-ZNL:1500890501,1500918030 : accessed 11 July 2015).
[29] Luxembourg Civil Records, Ettelbruck > Mariages 1845-1890 Décès 1796-1826 > image 1287 of 1436. 1819 Death Record No. 86. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XH17-VN3?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-PTL%3A129625001%2C129929201 : accessed 5 Feb 2017).
[30]  Ibid., Diekirch > Mariages 1843-1890 Décès 1797-1824 > image 1456 of 1493. 1822 Death Record (upper left). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12052-51376-68?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ND:n1913802954 : accessed 04 Apr 2013).
[31] Ibid., Ettelbruck > Mariages 1845-1890 Décès 1796-1826 > image 1365 of 1436. 1824 Death Record No 4. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XH17-LMD?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-PTL%3A129625001%2C129929201 : accessed 5 Feb 2017).
[32] Ibid., Ettelbruck > Mariages 1845-1890 Décès 1796-1826 > image 1422 of 1436. 1826 Death Record No. 43. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XH17-LJ1?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-PTL%3A129625001%2C129929201 : accessed 5 February 2017).
[33] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1086 of 1494. 1829 Marriage Record No. 20. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-D29?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 5 February 2017).
[34] Ibid., Eich > Décès 1816-1856 > image 804 of 1490. 1838 Death Record No. 64. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-X98S-7V2?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-VZ9%3A129629601%2C129629602 : 17 July 2014).
[35] Ibid., Ettelbruck > Décès 1814-1881 > image 340 of 1379. 1839 Death Record No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-D17S-8VG?cc=1709358&wc=9RYS-FM9%3A129625001%2C1290913101 : 17 July 2014).
[36] Ibid., Diekirch > Décès 1825-1890 > image 317 of 1358. 1843 Death Record No. 37. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12147-160328-63?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2NH:n538876208 : accessed 04 Apr 2013).

© 2017, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

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52 Ancestors: #38 Favorite Place: Moestroff, Home of the PEFFER-GRASSER Family

Week 38 (September 17-23) – Favorite Place: What has been  your favorite place to research? Which ancestor came from there?

Can you guess my favorite place to research? Without a doubt, in 2015,  it’s been the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as this year’s research and writing has been dedicated to families from this county! If I had to narrow it down to a specific canton it would be a toss up between Diekirch, where most of my husband’s families came moestrofffrom, and Echternach. Narrowing it down even further I’d say the commune of Bettendorf and the village of Méischtref (Moestroff) would win out.

When I met my husband in 1975 he had only one living grandparent, his grandmother Suzanne PEFFER. She lived most of her life in Méischtref where we often visited her on Sundays until her death in 1987. Her father Nicolas PEFFER (1866-1941) was born and raised there as was his father Nicolas PEFFER Sr. (1833-1887). The senior did not come from his having a son of the same name. It came from his being the elder of two boys named Nicolas in the family of Antoine “Anton” PEFFER and Maria GRASSER.

Antoin PEFFER

feulenmap
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map_Feulen.PNG

Antoin PEFFER was born on 20 May 1803[1] in Obermertzig which at that time was in the commune of Feulen, canton of Diekirch. His parents were Adam PEFFER (1777-1848) and Marguerite PIERRET (1777-1843). They had married the previous year on 28 June 1802[2] in Feulen. He had six known siblings: Nicolas (1805-1896), Eve (1808-1808), Christian (1809-1883), Christine (1811-1866), Susanne (1814-1826), and Angélique (1817-1891).

Antoin lived with his parents and siblings in Obermertzig until about 1811-1814 when the family moved to Gilsdorf in the commune of Bettendorf.

Maria GRASSER

bettendorfmap
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map_Bettendorf.PNG

Maria GRASSER (1802-1882) was born about 1802-1803 in Moestroff to Michel GRASSER (1772-1821) and Elisabetha HOSCHEID (1772-1831).[3] Her parents were married on 2 January 1796[4] in Bettendorf. She had eight known siblings: Nicolas (1796-1801), Margaretha (1797-1848), Jean (1799-1803), Anna Catharina (1801-1821), Phillippe (1804-1805), Cathérine (1805-aft 1855), Nicolas (1807-1852), and Nicolas (1809-1867). It is interesting to note both of Maria’s brothers who were named Nicolas lived to marry and have children. Did her growning up with two brothers named Nicolas influence her and her husband to name two of their sons Nicolas?

Marriage of Antoine and Maria

Antoin PEFFER married Maria GRASSER on 17 February 1830[5] in Bettendorf. When they married the date of birth of Maria’s deceased sister Anna Catharina[6] was given on the marriage record instead of her own. I have not been able to locate a birth record for Maria. Not only did the civil servant get the wrong date of birth for Maria, he forgot to include her age AND he gave her deceased father Michel GRASSER’s date of death as 7 June 1809 instead of 26 February 1821.[7] The death record for Michel GRASSER who died on 7 June 1809[8] was for a child who died at the age of 3 years. Was the civil officer who checked for the supporting documentation for this marriage having a bad day or did rushing cause the errors?

Although records were very well kept in Luxembourg
mistakes in documents were not unknown as seen in
“You’d think they’d get that part right!”

Working Out the Estimated Birth of Maria

Since the marriage record had the incorrect date of birth and no age for Maria I wanted to find a document which would have the missing information. She is not listed in the Tables Décennales for the years 1803-1812 leaving a small window in 1802. There is one other record with a date of birth for Maria – the 1846 census[9] has 2 May 1802. This record is not very reliable. First it is too close to the date of birth of her sister Anna Catharina who was born on 15 December 1801. Second the dates of birth of all other persons in the household were compared with the dates found in their birth records. Not one of them is correct! Her husband was born in May but has July listed. Maria has May listed – could she have been born in July?

1846censuspeffer
1846 Luxembourg Census [9]
Where else could I find her date of birth? Church records! Yes. Wouldn’t you know it? It’s Sunday and FamilySearch is DOWN!! Three hours without access to the Luxembourg records – I had to take some more drastic measures! I made a list of every record with an age for Maria:excelI compared the dates of birth of her siblings and Maria most likely fits in as child #5 in the list of children for Michel GRASSER and Elisabetha HOSCHEID:

Mariabirth
Screenshot of Family View in AncestralQuest 14

When the FamilySearch site was working again I checked the church records and the civil records for Bettendorf and found there are records missing for the 1802-1803 period Maria was born in. Unless there are other, yet to be discovered, records for Maria GRASSER which state her birth date this may remain an unknown. For now I am using abt. 1802-1803 as her year of birth.

Antoin and Maria Move to Méischtref (Moestroff)

While his two brothers and two sisters who also married chose to remain in Gilsdorf, Antoin moved to Moestroff, Maria’s hometown, sometime after the birth of their first child and before the birth of their second child, between 1830 and 1833. Bettendorf lies between Gilsdorf and Moestroff and both villages are part of the commune of Bettendorf.

The children of Antoin and Maria were: (§ = end of line)

Ch 1: Marguerithe (1830-1892) born 6 October 1830[10] in Gilsdorf
Ch 2: Nicolas, the elder, (1833-1887) born 10 August 1833[11] in Moestroff
Ch 3: Nicolas, the younger, (1836-1911) born 28 July 1836[12] in Moestroff
Ch 4: Marie (1836-1843) born 28 July 1836[13] and died 20 April 1843[14] in Moestroff §
Ch 5: Catherine (1839-1839) born 24 July 1839[15] and died 19 September 1839[16] in Moestroff §
Ch 6: Catherine (1840-1840) born[17] and died 4 December 1840[18] in Moestroff §
Ch 7: Michel (1842-1910) born 23 June 1842[19] in Moestroff

Antoin PEFFER and his wife Maria GRASSER and their living children Marguerithe, Nicolas the elder, Nicolas the younger, and Michel were not found in the 1843 census. It was enumerated on 23 December 1843 in Moestroff. Antoin’s mother died on 22 December 1843[20] in Gilsdorf. His father’s household was enumerated on the day his wife, Antoin’s mother, died. Adam was listed as married. This was then crossed out and changed to widowed.[21] It is strange Antoin and his family were missed. I wonder if they had gone to Gilsdorf for the funeral and the person visiting the families for the census information forgot to go back when they got home.

Antoin, Maria and their four children were found in Moestroff when the census was taken on 15 December 1846[22], 31 December 1847[23], 5 December 1849[24], and 31 December 1851.[25]

Before the next census the oldest child and only daughter Marguerithe married Jean REITER (1827-1878) on 29 September 1852[26] in Bettendorf. The couple lived with the bride’s parents at the time of the census taken on 3 December 1852.[27] The first grandchild was Nicolas REITER (1855- ) born on 2 July 1855[28] in Moestroff. Following his birth Marguerite and her husband continued the tradition of naming two son Nicolas when their 2nd son was born in 1857. The REITER-PEFFER family continued to live with Antoin and Maria when the census was taken on 3 December 1855[29] and 3 December 1858.[30] The two son named Nicolas and son Michel were also still living at home.

1858censusnicolas
1858 Luxembourg Census [30]
Antoin PEFFER died three weeks after the 1858 census on 26 December 1858[31] in Moestroff. He may have been weak and ill when the census was taken as his daughter Marguerithe signed the census.

Less than a year later the first of the sons married. The elder of the two sons named Nicolas married Marie ZWANK (1832-1892) on 30 November 1859[32] in Bettendorf.

Maria GRASSER had in her household her two unmarried sons, Nicolas the younger and Michel, as well as her daughter Marguerite and her family when the census was taken on 3 December 1861[33] in Moestroff.

Nicolas PEFFER, the younger, married(1) Margaretha SCHMIT (1836-1865) on 21 January 1862[34] in Wallendorf, Germany.

After the younger Nicolas married, his mother Maria GRASSER was seen for the last time on the census of 3 December 1864[35] in Moestroff as the head of household which included her youngest son Michel and her daughter’s REITER-PEFFER family.

Nicolas PEFFER, the younger, was widowed on 29 June 1865[36] and married(2), only three months later, Margaretha MORETTE (1840-1911) on 9 October 1865[37] in Bettendorf.

From 1867 on Maria, the widowed mother of this family, was seen as a member of her son-in-law and daughter’s REITER-PEFFER household on 3 December 1867[38], 1 December 1871[39], 1 December 1875[40], and 1 December 1880.[41]

Michel PEFFER was still living at home at the time of the 1867 census and several weeks later on 23 December 1867[42] he married(1) Anna MÜLLER (1840-1876) in Bettendorf. Following Anna’s death on 17 November 1876[43] Michel married(2) Elizabeth FRISCH (1849- ) two months later on 24 January 1877[44] in Bettendorf. His mother Maria was present at both marriages.

Maria GRASSER died on 4 January 1882[45] in Moestroff. Her 48 years old son Nicolas was the informant and gave her age as 81 years. The age of the son matches that of Nicolas the elder. To be sure I compared the signature on the death record with the signatures on the marriage records of Nicolas the elder and Nicolas the younger. Signature comparison proves Nicolas the elder was the informant.

Maria left four living children. They all died in Moestroff in the following order: Nicolas, the elder, on 4 March 1887[46]; Marguerithe REITER-PEFFER on 5 September 1892[47]; Michel on 27 September 1910[48]; and Nicolas, the younger, on 30 November 1911[49]. They gave her at least 30 grandchildren, 1/3 of whom died young. This ratio may go up as further research is done on the grandchildren of Antoin PEFFER and Maria GRASSER.

Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Feulen > Naissances 1797-1816 > image 160 of 423. 1803 Birth Record No. 31 (1 Prairial XI). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12155-31454-48?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2PW:n1261300829 : accessed 09 Apr 2013).
[2] Luxembourg, registres paroissiaux, 1601-1948 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Tables des mariages 1764-1797 (index organisée par l’époux) > image 49 of 163. 1796 Marriage Card. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32462-1492-17?cc=2037955&wc=STH8-N3L:1500974653,1501141688 : accessed 17 February 2015).
[3] Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 221 of 1494. 1830 Marriage Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-36020-39?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZY:2071013250 : accessed 09 Apr 2013).
[4] Luxembourg Church Records, Bettendorf > Tables des mariages 1764-1797 (index organisée par l’époux) > image 49 of 163. 1796 Marriage Card. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32462-1492-17?cc=2037955&wc=STH8-N3L:1500974653,1501141688 : accessed 17 February 2015).
[5] 1. Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 221 of 1494. 1830 Marriage Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-36020-39?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZY:2071013250 : accessed 09 Apr 2013).
[6] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1800-1827 > image 6 of 306. 1801 Birth Record No. 7. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11571-26449-5?cc=1709358 : accessed 17 May 2015).
[7] Luxembourg Parish Records, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1000 of 1494. 1821 Death Record (lower left). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-36863-68?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 23 September 2015).
[8] Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 903 of 1494. 1809 Death Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-38721-89?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 21 September 2015).
[9] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > 1846 > image 287 of 334. Peffer-Grasser household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32356-28753-26?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-BZ9:346114101,345858602 : accessed 14 September 2015).
[10] Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 62 of 1507. 1830 Birth Record No. 67. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-2596-82?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 19 March 2010).
[11] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 116 of 1507. 1833 Birth Record No. 44. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-6643-72?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28S:1346120346 : accessed 03 Apr 2013). Note: birth was registered in Bettendorf but the record does not give the place of residence or birth.
[12] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 179 of 1507. 1836 Birth Record No. 54. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-5927-71?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 21 March 2010).
[13] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 179 of 1507. 1836 Birth Record No. 55. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-5927-71?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 21 March 2010).
[14] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1274 of 1494. 1843 Death Record No. 12. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-36805-82?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 22 March 2010).
[15] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 237 of 1507. 1839 Birth Record No. 37. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-4093-88?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 6 September 2014).
[16] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1222 of 1494. 1839 Death Record No. 43. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-35707-93?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 22 March 2010).
[17] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 264 of 150. 1840 Birth Record No. 54. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-6907-69?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 21 March 2010).
[18] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1238 of 1494. 1840 Death Record No. 26. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-38281-84?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 22 March 2010).
[19] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 304 of 1507. 1842 Birth Record No. 39. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-791-50?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 21 March 2010).
[20] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1280 of 1494. 1843 Death Record No. 34. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-39436-79?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 2 September 2011).
[21] Luxembourg Census, Bettendorf > 1843 > image 139 of 288. Adam Peffer household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32360-28545-74?cc=2037957&wc=M5LT-T3L:346114101,345863501 : accessed 23 September 2015).
[22] Ibid., Bettendorf > 1846 > image 287 of 334. Peffer-Grasser household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32356-28753-26?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-BZ9:346114101,345858602 : accessed 14 September 2015).
[23] Ibid., Bettendorf > 1847 > image 283 of 340. Peffer-Grasser household No. 272. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32355-22572-78?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-VZJ:346114101,345864101 : accessed 14 September 2015).
[24] Ibid., Bettendorf > 1849 > image 327 of 343. Peffer-Grasser household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32355-6692-53?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-TQW:346114101,345864801 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[25] Ibid., Bettendorf > 1851 > image 332 of 386. Peffer-Grasser household No. 24. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32351-22404-83?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-446:346114101,345865601 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[26] Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 447 of 1494. 1852 Marriage Record No. 8. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-37645-72?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[27] Luxembourg Census, Bettendorf > 1852 > image 346 of 365. Peffer-Grasser household No. 51. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32350-732-75?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-S58:346114101,345865501 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[28] Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 569 of 1507. 1855 Birth Record No. 32. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-6853-64?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 23 September 2015).
[29] Luxembourg Census, Bettendorf > 1855 > image 307 of 358. 1855 Peffer-Grasser household no.10.  (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32379-21661-46?cc=2037957&wc=M5LB-C6R:346114101,345866501 : accessed 18 February 2015).
[30] Ibid., Bettendorf > 1858 > image 319 of 365. 1858 Peffer-Grasser household no. 28. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32359-8860-48?cc=2037957&wc=M5LT-2JF:346114101,345867601 : accessed 18 February 2015).
[31] Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1471 of 1494. 1858 Death Record Nr. 45 (part 1). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-38836-65?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZY:2071013250 : accessed 09 Apr 2013). Note part 2 on image 1472.
[32] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 521 of 1494. 1859 Marriage Record No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-35911-81?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZY:2071013250 : accessed 03 Apr 2013).
[33] Luxembourg Census, Bettendorf > 1861 > image 117 of 367. Veuve Peffer-Grasser household No. 32. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32377-5585-58?cc=2037957&wc=M5GM-MNL:346114101,345867101 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[34] Mathias Emil Hubsch, Die Pfarrei St. Peter und Paul in der Grenzortschaft Wallendorf (Kreis Bitburg-Prüm) mit den Filialen Ammeldingen und Biesdorf 1744 – 1899 sowie den heutigen luxemburger Filialen Dillingen, Pfarrei Befort 1744 – 1807 und Hösdorf, Pfarrei Reisdorf 1744 – 1822, families number 1575 and 1576.
[35] Luxembourg Census, Bettendorf > 1864 > image 375 of 395. Veuve Peffer-Grasser household No. 37. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32381-22784-58?cc=2037957&wc=M5GS-2J7:346114101,345868401 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[36] Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 77 of 465. 1865 Death Record No. 27. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-66134-61?cc=1709358&wc=9RYH-82S:129626601,129626602 : accessed 27 August 2011).
[37] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 583 of 1494. 1865 Marriage Record No. 17. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-37701-87?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[38] Luxembourg Census, Bettendorf > 1867 > image 287 of 364. Reiter-Peffer household No. 37. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32373-9845-64?cc=2037957&wc=M5LB-3TR:346114101,345869101 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[39] Ibid., Bettendorf > 1871 > image 793 of 823. Reiter-Peffer household No. 38. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32377-18879-32?cc=2037957&wc=M5L1-J46:346114101,345869501 : accessed 15 September 2015). Note: front and back matter on images 792 and 794.
[40] Ibid., Bettendorf > 1875 > image 287 of 789 . Reiter-Peffer household No. 27. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32380-13880-67?cc=2037957&wc=M5G9-VZK:346114101,345870501 : accessed 15 September 2015). Note: front and back matter on images 286 and 288.
[41] Ibid., Bettendorf > 1880 > image 715 of 793. Veuve Reiter-Peffer household No. 20.(https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32390-6801-1?cc=2037957&wc=M5L1-JWR:346114101,345872201 : accessed 15 September 2015). Note: front and back matter on images 714 and 716
[42] Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 599 of 1494. 1867 Marriage Record No. 6.  (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-40558-99?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[43] Ibid., Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 265 of 465. 1876 Death Record No. 35. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-60694-30?cc=1709358&wc=9RYH-82S:129626601,129626602 : accessed 23 September 2015).
[44] Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 708 of 1494. 1877 Marriage Record No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-36493-74?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[45] Ibid., Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 348 of 465. 1882 Death Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-66484-26?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZR:n1595569028 : accessed 09 Apr 2013).
[46] Ibid., Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 422 of 465. “.” 1887 Death Record No. 12. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-60202-94?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZR:n1595569028 : accessed 03 Apr 2013).
[47] Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances, mariages, décès 1882-1894 > image 125 of 155. 1892 Death Record No. 37. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11578-26576-80?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-2NT:129626601,130263301 : accessed 15 September 2015).
[48] Ibid., Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 224 of 389. 1910 Death Record No. 35. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32048-24473-72?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 14 September 2015).
[49] Ibid., Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 242 of 389. 1911 Death Record No. 47. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32048-24118-56?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 14 September 2015).

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Antoin “Anton” PEFFER
Parents: Adam PEFFER and Marguerite PIERRET
Spouse: Maria GRASSER
Parents of spouse: Michel GRASSER and Elisabetha HOSCHEID
Whereabouts: Obermertzig, Gilsdorf, Moestroff
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s 3rd great-grandfather

1. Antoin “Anton” PEFFER
2. Nicolas PEFFER
3. Nicolas PEFFER
4. Suzanne PEFFER
5. Marie Françoise “Maisy” KREMER
6. Cathy Meder-Dempsey’s husband

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

52ancestors-2015This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge:
52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.

52 Ancestors: #20 The PEFFER-ZWANK Family of Moestroff 1832-1942

Week 20 (May 14-20) – Black Sheep: Each of us has an ancestor who was the troublemaker or the ne’er-do-well. This is their week.

It may be hard to work the Black Sheep theme into this week’s family. It doesn’t look too promising but I think I might have an ace up my sleeve. We’ll see how it turns out in the end.

The Births of Marie ZWANK and Nicolas PEFFER

1832birth
1832 Birth Record No. 51 [1]
In the year one thousand eight hundred thirty-two on the 7th of December at 7 o’clock in the morning Pierre Dondlinger, an officer of the civil office in the community of Bettendorf, in the canton of Diekirch, in the Province of Luxembourg, received Jacques ZWANCK, a day laborer in Moestroff age 33 years, living in this community, who presented us a female child born yesterday at 9 in the morning to him and his wife Marie DAHM and they declared their desire to give the name MARIE.
The declaration and presentation of the birth information was given in the presence of Nicolas Weyland, day laborer, 56 years old, and Nicolas Dondlinger, a farmer, 26 years old, both residents of the community, who signed the birth record after it was read to them. The father declared that he could not write and read. ~ followed by signatures of Nicolas Dondlinger, Nicolas Weyland, and P. Dondlinger.[1]

1833birth
1933 Birth Record No. 44 [2]
In the year one thousand eight hundred thirty-three on the 11th of August at 8 o’clock in the morning Nicolas May, an officer of the civil office in the community of Bettendorf, in the canton of Diekirch, in the Province of Luxembourg, received Antonius PEFFER, a linenweaver, age 29 years, living in this community, who presented us a male child born yesterday at 12 in the morning to him and his wife Marie GRASSER and they declared their desire to give the name NICOLAS.
The declaration and presentation of the birth information was given in the presence of Jean Weiler, school teacher , 30 years old, and Franciscus André, 28 years old, a day laborer, both residents of the community, who signed the birth record after it was read to them. ~ followed by signatures of J. Weiler, Anton PEFFER, J. Weiler, and N. May.[2]

annotation
Annotation at top of 1833 Birth Record No. 44

An interesting addition to the birth record of Nicolas PEFFER was the notation made above the record. The father Antoine was born in Obermertzig in Feulen on 2 prairial in the year XI. The handwriting is not at all similar to the rest of the page and makes me wonder why, when and who wrote this information. 

The Marriage of Nicolas PEFFER and Marie ZWANK

1859marriage
1859 Marriage Record No. 21 [3]
When Nicolas and Marie were married in 1859 the civil office had run out of pre-printed pages in the marriage book and the marriage record had to be written completely in longhand. In the 1990s when I obtained a photocopy of the page from the marriage book in Bettendorf I was a novice in reading the old handwriting. There are advantages to being able to do research in the country you live in but in this case the images at FamilySearch were invaluable. Twenty years ago I had to rely on help from my father-in-law to read the old handwriting. Today being able to zoom in on digital images makes it easier to read the old text. I will not bore you with the entire translation of the record as the wording is the same as in all Luxembourgish marriage records.

On 30 November 1859 Nicolas PEFFER, his mother Maria GRASSER, and his bride MARIE ZWANK met with Hubert SALENTINY, the mayor of Bettendorf. The fathers of the bride and groom had both died the previous year. Sadly, Marie’s mother had died only two days earlier on 28 November 1859. As both of her parents were deceased it was noted in the marriage record that her grandparents were also deceased and all death records were to be found in the death records of the town of Bettendorf. The four witnesses to the marriage were not related to the bride and groom. The bride and the mother of the groom declared not being able to write. ~ signatures of the groom, 4 witnesses, and the mayor followed.[3]

Note: Marie’s surname was spelled ZWANCK on her birth record and ZWANK on her marriage record.

The Deaths of Nicolas PEFFER and Marie ZWANK

1887death
1887 Death Record No. 12 [4]
Nicolas PEFFER died 4 March 1887 at 7 in the evening in Moestroff at home. His older son Nicolas PEFFER, 21 years old, was the informant. Young Nicolas’ cousin Nicolas ZWANK accompagnied him.[4] At the time of his death he did not have an occupation. During his married life he worked as a day laborer and a stonemason.

1892death
1892 Death Record No. 24 [5]
Marie ZWANK died 6 May 1892 at 10 in the evening in Moestroff at home. Her younger son Johann PEFFER, 22 years old, was the informant. As was the case at the time of her husband death her nephew Nicolas ZWANK accompagnied his cousin Johann PEFFER to make the declaration.[5]

The children of Nicolas PEFFER and Marie ZWANK

Nicolas and Marie had seven known children, five daughters and two sons. Three of their daughters, all named Margaretha, died in childhood:

  • Margaretha born 9 June 1860[6] died 24 April 1862[7]
  • Margaretha born 3 June 1871[8] died 8 July 1871[9]
  • Margaretha born 16 November 1874[10] died 30 April 1881[11]

The two daughters who lived to adulthood never married and lived to the ages of 66 and 51.

  • Margaretha born 5 January 1863[12] died 6 March 1929[13]
  • Marie born 4 November 1867[14] died 29 November 1918[15]

One of the two sons was my husband’s great-grandfather Nicolas PEFFER.

  • Nicolas born 9 February 1866[16] and died 31 December 1941[17]
  • Johann born 28 October 1869[18] and died after 6 May 1892

The Luxembourg census records of this family were found for the years following the marriage of Nicolas PEFFER and Marie ZWANK until their deaths in 1887 and 1892. Links to the census can be found in the sources for the census events of Nicolas PEFFER in my GEDCOM file.

Was There a Black Sheep in this Family?

Nothing is known of Nicolas and Marie’s younger son Johann PEFFER after he reported his mother’s death on 6 May 1892.[5] Like his brother Nicolas he was single and living at home when his mother died.

    • He was not present at the marriage of his brother Nicolas in 1895.[19]
    • He was not an informant on the death of his sister Marie in 1918.[15]
    • No record of marriage for the years 1892-1922 was found for Johann  PEFFER in Bettendorf or in Strassen where his brother Nicolas married.
    • No record of death was found for him in Bettendorf for the years following his mother’s death until 1922.
    • No articles were found in the Luxembourgish newspapers for a Johann PEFFER.

As long as the civil records of Luxembourg are not indexed at FamilySearch I will probably wonder about Johann PEFFER. What became of this illusive man? Was he a troublemaker or a ne’er-do-well? In terms of researching, yes, he caused a lot of trouble!

Afterthought – Who Wants a Black Sheep in their Family?

I did not like the fact that I couldn’t find my husband’s great-grand uncle Johann PEFFER after the death of his mother Marie ZWANK. This was ready to post but I had to give him one more chance. I searched for “Jean Peffer” instead of “Johann Peffer” on  eluxemburgensia, the National Library of Luxembourg’s newspaper site. And I hit the jackpot!

MRIN38411 1937 Jean Peffer death
Escher Tageblatt [20]
Jean PEFFER, also known as “de Naertzenger Jängel” died unexpectedly on 25 August 1937. He was from Moestroff and came to Tetingen when he was young making it his second home where he raised his family. He worked as a stonemason for G.L. and gave his best to bring his large family through life. Three of his children emigrated to America. His jovial life brought him many friends and had been retired for a few years. His funeral service was held at on Saturday the 28th at 5 in the afternoon.

MRIN38411 1937 Jean Peffer avis mortuaire
Escher Tageblatt [21]
I searched and found the 1897 marriage record[22] of Jean PEFFER and Marie JUNG in Kayl, the commune in which Tétange is located. The record shows that his parents were Nicolas PEFFER and Marie ZWANK.

Now I’m off to find the birth records of the children, search for the three who went to American, and hope to find some new American cousins who’ll forgive me for suspecting a Black Sheep in the family.

Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 103 of 1507. 1832 Birth Record No. 51. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-3911-1?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28S:1346120346 : accessed 03 Apr 2013).
[2] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 116 of 1507. 1833 Birth Record No. 44. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-6643-72?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28S:1346120346 : accessed 03 Apr 2013).
[3] Ibid, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 521 of 1494. 1859 Marriage Record No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-35911-81?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZY:2071013250 : accessed 03 Apr 2013).
[4] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 422 of 465. “.” 1887 Death Record No. 12. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-60202-94?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZR:n1595569028 : accessed 03 Apr 2013).
[5] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances, mariages, décès 1882-1894 > image 122 of 155. 1892 Death Record No. 24. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11578-25158-66?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28F:1967249950 : accessed 03 Apr 2013).
[6] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 668 of 1507. 1860 Birth Record No. 34. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-1625-14?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[7] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 39 of 465. 1862 Death Record No. 13. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-62212-56?cc=1709358&wc=9RYH-82S:129626601,129626602 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[8] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 879 of 1507. 1871 Birth Record No. 19. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-1561-17?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[9] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 186 of 465. 1871 Death Record No. 70. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-66815-15?cc=1709358&wc=9RYH-82S:129626601,129626602 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[10] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 940 of 1507. 1874 Birth Record No. 41. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-983-44?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[11] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 334 of 465. 1881 Death Record No. 29. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-66596-11?cc=1709358&wc=9RYH-82S:129626601,129626602 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[12] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 719 of 1507. 1863 Birth Record No. 4. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-6303-91?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[13] Luxemburger Wort, digitized by the Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg, http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Verlage der St-Paulus-Druckerei, Luxembourg), No. 94, Thursday, April 4, 1929, p. 6 column 3. Zivilstand der Stadt Ettelbrück, Margaretha Peffer age 66 yrs of Moestroff.
(http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=1362224&search_terms=avis#panel:pp|issue:1362224|article:DTL404|query:avis : accessed 19 Feb 2015).
[14] Civil records, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 815 of 1507. 1867 Birth Record No. 53. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-5306-94?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[15] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 334 of 389. 1918 Death Record No. 31. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32048-23908-78?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[16] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 783 of 1507. 1866 Birth Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-7084-85?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28S:1346120346 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[17] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 783 of 1507. 1866 Birth Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-7084-85?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28S:1346120346 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[18] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 849 of 1507. 1869 Birth Record No. 37. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-4385-81?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9:129626601,129945501 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[19] Ibid, Strassen > Naissances, mariages, décès 1891-1894 > image 65 of 117. 1894 Marriage Record No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12396-19061-71?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LNR:27729865 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[20] Escher Tageblatt, digitized by the Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg, http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Verlag Editpress S.A., Esch-sur-Alzette), Nr. 201, Friday, 27 August 1937, p.5 column 3. Death Announcement. (http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=654384&search_terms=jean%20peffer#panel:pp|issue:654384|article:DTL82|query:jean peffer : accessed 18 May 2015).
[21] Ibid, Nr. 200, Thursday, 26 August 1937, p. 7 column 4. Avis Mortuaire. (http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=654117&search_terms=jean%20peffer#panel:pp|issue:654117|article:DTL440|query:jean peffer : accessed 18 May 2015).
[22] Civil records, Kayl > Naissances 1913-1923 Mariages 1895-1912 > image 414 of 767. 1897 Marriage Record No. 15. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32048-12961-74?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-MJM:129946501,130450502 : accessed 18 May 2015).

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Nicolas PEFFER
Parents: Antoine PEFFER and Marie GRASSER
Spouse: Marie ZWANK
Parents of spouse: Jacques ZWANK and Maria DAHM
Whereabouts: Moestroff, Bettendorf, Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s 2nd great-grandparents

1. Nicolas PEFFER and Marie ZWANK
2. Nicolas PEFFER
3. Suzanne PEFFER
4. Marie Françoise “Maisy” KREMER
5. husband of Cathy Meder-Dempsey

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

52ancestors-2015This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge:
52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.