“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”
This is entry #50 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.
And the countdown continues. Two more to go!
#50 Dennis CLONCH a.k.a. Dennis CLAUNCH
“I have not made a positive connection from my earliest CLONCH ancestry (Dennis CLONCH of Kanawha County, (West) Virginia to the emigrant Hieronymus GLANTZ).” ~ Ralph L. Hayes
The late Madison Lockhart “Matt” Claunch of Brownsville, Texas, and Ralph L. Hayes of Alamo, Texas, are to be credited with the work done to connect Hieronymus GLANTZ (a.k.a. Jeremiah CLAUNCH) to my 4th great-grandfather Dennis CLAUNCH (a.k.a. Dennis CLONCH). Matt Claunch and Ralph Hayes used tithe lists, tax rolls and lists, levies, land records and surveys, debt collections, ordinary licenses, and court records.1 The surname spellings in these records varied: Glantz, Clonch, Claunch, Clansh, Clanch, Clounch.
The immigrant Hieronymus GLANTZ came to America in 1732 with his wife, a daughter, and a son. On the ship list he was seen as Jerimy GLANCE age 29, his wife as Marrea Medl GLANCE age 30, his daughter as Anna Margreate GLANCE age 9, and his son Hance Michalle GLANCE age 4.2 He signed the Oath of Allegiance with the name he had used in the old country, not the name seen on the ship list.3
His wife died soon after their arrival and Hieronymus married Anna Barbara MACK on 15 October 1733 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.4,5 It is very likely that Jeremiah and his bride Barbara knew each other from the old country. Her father Georg Michael MACK arrived in America on the Adventure, the same ship as Jeremiah, on 23 September 1732. Barbara arrived 10 days earlier on 13 September 1732 on the Pennsylvania Merchant.6 From 1750 through 1752 George MACK was seen in the household of his son-in-law Jeremiah CLAUNCH in Lunenburg County, Virginia.7
I considered making a chronological chart of all of the information listed in Ralph L. Hayes’ 2004 post “Chronology of the Early Glance/Glantz/Clonch/Claunch Family.”8 However, every time I looked through the list I saw a different possibility for the family configuration. I have not been able to look up all of the information and cannot vouch for accuracy and completeness. Perhaps others who study Ralph’s chronology will come up with a different scenario. But this is the short-short of what I think the connection is from the immigrant to my 4th great-grandfather Dennis CLONCH:
Hieronymus GLANTZ was known as Jeremiah CLAUNCH once he settled in Lunenburg County, Virginia. He may have married again as he is seen with a wife named Margaret in 1748 and 1758. Since his father-in-law was seen with him in 1750-1752 it is also possible that Erna Barbara used a different name (Margaret) once she came to America. Please remember that this is pure speculation on my part. Jeremiah may have had sons or grandsons named Jeremiah Jr., Edmund, Jacob, John, and Barnet/Barnaby. These names were found at the same time on the tax lists of Montgomery and Wythe counties. Jeremiah CLAUNCH Jr. seen in Montgomery and Wythe from 1783-1793 (and even later in Grayson – all due to the changing county lines) cannot be the Jeremiah CLAUNCH who was seen in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, from 1783 to 1799. Note that the use of Jr. was seen in the records and does not necessarily indicate that Jeremiah Jr. was the son of Jeremiah Sr. Conclusion: The correct relationship to the immigrant is not known. Sorry folks! If the records do not turn up, DNA testing may have to be done.
The Jeremiah CLAUNCH group in Mecklenburg County, Virginia
Jeremiah CLENCH was in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, at the time of the first tax lists were recorded in 1782 with 6 whites and no blacks in his household.9
In 1783 Jeremiah CLAUNCH bought 60 acres of land from Joseph and Ann DECKER on the North prong of Eastlands Branch in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.10
Update 29 November 2021: the land tax lists for the years 1787 to 1799 were found on FamilySearch but have not been included in this post.
Jeremiah was on the land tax records with his 60 acres in the Lower District of Mecklenburg County from 1787 to 1799. Images were found for the years 1789 and 1799:
There was no standard form and tax collectors had to draw up their own forms with column headings: Name of individual charged with tax; Quantity of land; Rate of land per acre; Value of land; Amount of tax.
Jeremiah CLAUNCH was found on the Mecklenburg County personal property tax list the year following the acquisition of land up until 1805:
● 1784 Jeremiah CLAUNCH
● 1785 Not on a list
● 1786 Jeremiah CLAUNCH
● 1787 Jeremiah CLAUNCH
● 1788 Jeremiah CLAUNCH
● 1789 Jeremiah CLAUNCH
● 1790 Jeremiah CLAUNCH (image below)
● 1791 Jeremiah CLAUNCH
● 1792 Jeremiah CLAUNCH and son Wm
● 1793 Jeremiah CLAUNCH (the year Wm married)
● 1794 Jeremiah CLAUNCH and son Matthew
● 1795 Jeremiah CLAUNCH and son Matthew
● 1796 Jeremiah CLAUNCH and sons Matthew and Dennis
● 1797 Jeremiah CLAUNCH and son Dennis (Matthew missing)
● 1798 Jeremiah CLAUNCH and son Dennis (Matthew missing)
● 1799 Jeremiah CLAUNCH and son Jacob (image below)
● 1799 Dennis CLAUNCH (image below)
● 1799 Matthew CLAUNCH (image below)
● 1800 Jeremiah CLAUNCH and son Jacob (Dennis and Matthew on their own)
● 1801 through 1805 Jeremiah CLAUNCH (his sons have their own listings)
In the above Jeremiah was seen alone on the tax lists in the earlier years and then sons’ names were included as they reached the age of 16. The order of birth of the sons was: William, Matthew, Dennis, and Jacob.
Following the date and name of the taxable person, the first column was the number of white male tithables over 16, 2nd column was the number of slaves above 16, 3rd column was the number of slaves 12 to 16, and 4th column was horses, mares, colts, and mules.
Jeremiah’s oldest son William CLAUNCH married Betsy ALVIS on 5 August 1793 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. William BLACKETTER was security. Notes were included from Jeremiah CLAUNCH, father of William, and David ALVIS, father of Betsey, giving their permission. Sherd HICKS was a witness.11
Although William was not found on the tax lists mentioned above, this marriage shows that he was the son of Jeremiah. He was not on the 1794 tax list. Could this mean that he moved to Mercer County, Kentucky following his marriage in 1793?
“Jeremiah CLONCH” went bond with Peter JONES for the marriage of Peter JONES and Sarah JACKSON on 11 December 1797 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.12
Jeremiah CLAUNCH married Prudence JACKSON on 21 March 1799 with Sam’l ALLGOOD as security in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.13 Prudence was most likely the sister of Sarah Jackson as both of these ladies were later mentioned in a chancery record concerning the land of Henry and Ann Jackson.14
At first, I thought that this marriage was for the son of Jeremiah. After studying the limited amount of tax records and the earliest census records I have come to the conclusion that Jeremiah who married Prudence must be the same person as Jeremiah seen on the tax lists above. This would mean that Jeremiah, father of William, Matthew, Dennis, and Jacob was widowed before 1799.
Matthew CLAUNCH married Elizabeth ALLGOOD on 29 August 1799 (Sam’l ALLGOOD, security) in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.15
Dennis and his brother Matthew were on the 1799 tax list:
Father Jeremiah was on the same tax list with their brother Jacob who was not yet 21 years of age in 1799.
From the tax records we know that Jeremiah was still living in 1799. His oldest son William was widowed and remarried in 1798 in Mercer County, Kentucky. This gives us a 1793-1798 window for his move to Kentucky which I believe can be narrowed to 1793-1794 as William was not seen in Mecklenburg tax lists. According to information supplied by Ralph L. Hayes, Jeremiah CLAUNCH sold livestock and household goods in Mecklenburg County in 1800. Was he preparing to move? Family tradition is that William, Matthew, and Jacob moved to Mercer County, Kentucky, in the late 1790’s – tax lists prove this wrong in the case of Matthew and Jacob! They left only after 1799.
Let’s see what’s going on in Mecklenburg County after 1800.
◉ Dennis CLAUNCH and Nancy BEASLY were married on 8 November 1803 (William JUSTICE as security) in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.16
◉ Sally CLAUNCH married Allen CHAVOUS on 7 September 1804 (Drury JOHNSON, security) in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.17
◉ Jinny CLAUNCH married Samuel ALLGOOD on 29 December 1804 (Matthew CLAUNCH, security) in Mecklenburg County, Virginia.18
There is no mention of their father Jeremiah in these marriage records. However, we do see that Matthew was still in the area in December 1804 as he was security for his sister Jinny’s marriage. If he moved to Kentucky with his brother Jacob, the move took place in 1805 or early 1806 as we see Jacob CLAUNCH marrying Mary “Polly” GRAY on 26 June 1806 in Mercer County, Kentucky.19 Their sister Jinny and her husband Samuel ALLGOOD moved to Henderson County, Kentucky, sometime after their marriage and before 1820. There is no 1810 census for Kentucky.
Jeremiah CLAUNCH and his wife Prudence were mentioned in chancery records of Mecklenburg County dated 10 January 1809. The images are not online and can only be viewed in original at the Library of Virginia. I will definitely be checking back from time to time to see if the images are available. I am hoping that they will include information about their location and status. In the meantime this is what another researcher found:
“On 10 January 1809 Ann Stewart was called “widow of John Stewart formerly Ann Jackson” in a Mecklenburg County chancery suit by which she and Patsy Jackson, Peter Jones and Sally his wife (formerly Sally Jackson), and Augustine Smith sued Isaac Jackson, Jeremiah Claunch and Prudence his wife (formerly Prudence Jackson), William Jones and his wife Charity (formerly Charity Jackson), to sell 296 acres which had belonged to Henry Jackson, deceased. The land was sold to Roderick Coleman who distributed 17 pounds, 14 shillings to each litigant on 11 July 1809 [Orders 1809-11, 5].”[^20]
My 4th great-grandfather Dennis CLAUNCH was seen on the 1800, 1804, and 1805 tax lists of Mecklenburg County, Virginia. This means that he most likely moved from Mecklenburg County to Kanawha County in 1805-1806. This is the same time period as Jacob and Matthew’s move to Kentucky. Did they travel part of the way together?
I have one last record that I believe belongs to this family group. In about 1791 a boy named Jeremiah CLAUNCH was born in Mecklenburg County.20 This was before any of Jeremiah’s sons married therefore I believe that he may have been a son of Jeremiah – and his youngest child if he did not have children with Prudence.
Many of Jeremiah CLAUNCH’s children were born during the American Revolutionary War (19 Apr 1775-14 Jan 1784). Assuming that Jeremiah was 21 years of age when his oldest child was born, I estimate his birth at 1752 or earlier.
❧ William CLAUNCH (1773-aft 1820) abt. 1773. William married(1) Betsy ALVIS on 5 August 1793 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. He married(2) Rebecca BOTTOM on 14 June 1798 in Mercer County, Kentucky.
❧ Matthew CLAUNCH (1776-1846) born about 1776. Matthew married(1) Elizabeth ALLGOOD on 29 August 1799 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. He married(2) Mahala NICHOLS (1812- ) on 3 March 1843 in Mercer County, Kentucky. Mahala was 21 years of age. He died in 1846 in Mercer County, Kentucky.
❧ Dennis CLAUNCH (1779-aft. 1810) born about 1779. Dennis married Nancy BEASLEY on 8 November 1803 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. He died after 1810.
❧ Jacob CLAUNCH (1782-1843) born about 1782. Jacob married Mary “Polly” GRAY on 26 June 1806 in Mercer County, Kentucky. He died before 1843 in Mercer County, Kentucky.
❧ Sally CLAUNCH (1785- ) born about 1785*. Sally married Allen CHAVOUS on 7 September 1804 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. No further information found. Estimated that she was close to 18 when she married.
❧ Jinny CLAUNCH (1785- ) born about 1785. Jinny married Samuel ALLGOOD on 29 December 1804 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. *In the 1820 through 1840 census she was consistently seen in an age group that fits into the between 1780-1790 area. Assuming she was close to 18 when she married would put her closer to born between 1780-1786.
☙ Jeremiah CLAUNCH (1791-?) born about 1791 in Mecklenburg County, Virginia. He served during the War of 1812. No further information was found.
Dennis is said to have been on the 1806 and 1809 tax lists of Kanawha County. Years ago I requested a lookup of these lists but did not receive any replies.
In 1810 Dennis and his wife had three children under the age of 10 in their household, a boy and two girls.
1810 U.S. Federal Census
Kanawha, Kanawha County, (West) Virginia
Name: Denis Clounch
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 1 (William)
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44: 1 (Dennis, b. 1784 or earlier)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 2 (Elizabeth and unknown)
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44: 1 (Nancy, most likely 26-30)
Number of Household Members Under 16: 3
Number of Household Members Over 25: 2
Number of Household Members: 5
Note: Dennis first showed up on the tax lists with his father in 1796 which would mean that he was over 16 at the time putting his year of birth at abt. 1779. By 1799 he was seen alone on the tax list which normally would mean that he was at least 21 putting his year of birth at abt. 1778. The age range for 1810 puts his birth at 1784 or earlier. Dennis most likely was born between 1778-1780, I’ll pick the middle value and say he was born about 1779.
As Dennis was in Kanawha in 1810 this would mean that he moved his family to Mason County following the census and before his death OR his widow Nancy moved to Mason County following his death as she was the head of a household in Mason in 1820. My 4th great-grandfather Dennis CLONCH died between 1811-1820. There is no family tradition concerning his death and no death record was found.
You might ask why I call my 4th great-grandfather Dennis CLONCH and not Dennis CLAUNCH as he was seen in all records except the 1810 census where his name was spelled CLOUNCH? I’ll tell you that story next week.
This Post was Updated on 11 December 2022: Missing source citations were added, images were scaled, and some corrections were made to the text and format.
© 2014–2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.
- Madison Lockhart Claunch, The Family of Madison Love Claunch, Sr., FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/viewer/673687/), self-published by M.L. Claunch, Brownsville, Texas, 1985. ↩
- Egle, William Henry, 1830-1901, Names of foreigners who took the oath of allegiance to the province and state of Pennsylvania, 1727-1775, with the foreign arrivals, 1786-1808 (1892), Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/namesofforeigner00eglew), published by E. K. Meyers, state printer, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 1892, pages 57-61, ship Adventure. ↩
- Ralph Beaver Strassburger, LL.D., President of the Pennsylvania German Society, edited by William John Hinke Ph.D., D.D., Pennsylvania German Pioneers, A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals In the Port of Philadelphia From 1727 to 1808, Volume II, Facsimile Signatures 1727-1775, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/pennsylvaniagerm04penn_1/mode/2up), published by Pennsylvania German Society, Norristown, Pennsylvania 1934, p. 74 and 76, facsimile of Hieronymus Glantz’s signature. ↩
- Coming Soon: A post on why I list the bride as Anna Barbara Mack and not Erna Barbara Mack. The link to the post will be added here. ↩
- “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, U.S., Church and Town Records, 1669-2013,” indexed database, Ancestry, citing Historic Pennsylvania Church and Town Records. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, PA – Adams > Conewago > Dutch Reformed > Dutch Reformed Church Records\John Casper Stoever Ministerial Records > image 71 of 134 > line 35 > Hieronÿmus Glantz und Anna Barbara Mackin Philadelphia 15 October 1733 (https://www.ancestry.com/discoveryui-content/view/216242715:2451? : accessed 28 November 2022) ↩
- Egle, William Henry, 1830-1901, Names of foreigners who took the oath of allegiance to the province and state of Pennsylvania, 1727-1775, with the foreign arrivals, 1786-1808 (1892), Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/namesofforeigner00eglew), published by E. K. Meyers, state printer, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 1892, pages 45-47, ship Pennsylvania, 11 September 1732, Barbara Mack and Anna Mack. ↩
- The Family of Madison Love Claunch, Sr., p. 14-15. ↩
- Ancestry Message Boards, Ancestry, Family History > Surnames > Glantz > “Chronology of the Early Glance/Glantz/Clonch/Claunch Family” by Ralph Hayes dated 24 May 2004 (https://www.ancestry.com/boards/surnames.glantz/55). ↩
- North, Simon Newton Dexter, 1849-1924; United States. Bureau of the Census, Heads of families at the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790 : records of the State enumerations: 1782-1785, Virginia, digital copy, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/details/headsoffamiliesa00nort/page/n1/mode/2up), Washington [D.C.], 1908, Mecklenburg County, Virginia, 1782 List of Lewis Parham, page 33, col. 4, first name on list, Jeremiah Clench 6 white 0 blacks. (https://archive.org/details/headsoffamiliesa00nort/page/33/mode/1up?q=Jeremiah : accessed 28 November 2022). ↩
- “Deed records, 1765-1905 ; general index to deeds, 1765-1933,” browse-only images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/403497), citing microfilm of original records at the Mecklenburg County Courthouse in Boydton, Virginia and at the Virginia State Library and Archives in Richmond, Virginia, Film 32534, DGS 7895939, Deed books, v. 5-6 1777-1786, image 473 of 611, Deed Book 6, page 283-284, 14 Jul 1783 Decker to Claunch 60 acres. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4X-SHK2-6?i=472&cat=403497 : accessed 28 November 2022). ↩
- “Marriage bonds, 1770-1912,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/641904), citing microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library & Archives in Richmond, Virginia, Film 1870762, DGS 7734579, Marriage bonds, C (con’t.)-G (con’t.) 1770-1810, image 40 of 902 (permission slip), David Alvis father of Betsey Alvis willing for her to marry William Claunch; image 41 of 902 (permission slip), Jeremiah Claunch father of William Claunch gives permission for William to marry “said Alvis”; image 42+43 of 902 (bond and cover), 5 Aug 1793 William Claunch and Wm Blaketer went bond for the marriage of William Claunch and Betsey Alvis. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C91S-R962?i=42&cc=2134304&cat=641904 : accessed 29 November 2022). ↩
- “Marriage bonds, 1770-1912,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/641904), citing microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library & Archives in Richmond, Virginia, Film 1870764, DGS 7734581, Marriage bonds, J (con’t.)-Mc 1770-1810, images 57+59 of 735(cover and bond), 11 Dec 1797 Peter Jones and Jeremiah Clonch went bond on the marriage of Peter Jones and Sarah Jackson (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C91S-Y3SN-Z?i=58&cc=2134304&cat=641904 : accessed 30 November 2022). ↩
- Ibid., Film 1870762, DGS 7734579, Marriage bonds, C (con’t.)-G (con’t.) 1770-1810, images 44+45 of 902 (cover and bond), 21 Mar 1799 Jeremiah Claunch and Samuel Allgood went bond for the marriage of Jeremiah Claunch and Prudence Jackson. “.” (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C91S-R9NG?i=44&cc=2134304&cat=641904 : accessed 29 Novemberr 2022). ↩
- Chancery ↩
- “Marriage bonds, 1770-1912,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/641904), citing microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library & Archives in Richmond, Virginia, Film 1870762, DGS 7734579, Marriage bonds, C (con’t.)-G (con’t.) 1770-1810, images 38+39 of 902 (cover and bond), 29 Aug 1799 Matthew Claunch and Samuel Allgood went bond for the marriage of Matthew Claunch and Elizabeth Allgood. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C91S-R9K7?i=38&cc=2134304&cat=641904 : accessed 29 November 2022). ↩
- Stratton Nottingham, comp., The Marriage License Bonds of Mecklenburg County, Virginia from 1765 to1810, Onancock, VA, USA, 1928 (online http://books.google.lu/ : accessed 7 Dec 2014), pgs. 1, 9, 10, and 29. ↩
- marriage ↩
- marriage ↩
- “Marriage records, 1781-1963,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/135068), citing microfilm of original and typescript at the Mercer County courthouse in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, Film 191843, DGS 4705526, Loose papers, file 4 1804-1808, images 409+410 of 929, 23 Jun 1806 Jacob Claunch and John Gray went bond for the marriage of Jacob Claunch and Mary Gray (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939K-YX95-4J?i=409 : accessed 30 November 2022). ↩
- Ancestry.com. U.S. Army, Register of Enlistments, 1798-1914 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Register of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M233, 81 rolls); Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780’s-1917, Record Group 94; National Archives, Washington, D.C. ↩