When the Executors have sold the property and collected the money and paid all just debts and expences then I wish them to retain money enough in their hands to pay all expences of taking care of my old black woman Jinney, during her life.
Why am I repeating a name I have already released? Ta Lee, who I have been corresponding with, has researched the Honaker slaves as they marry into her Hall line. Like any good researcher she has applied the FAN Principle (Friends, Associates, and Neighbors) to answer questions she has for her enslaved families.
She pointed out to me that I had missed a very important clue in the chancery records in which I found the last will and testament of Henry Honaker. I thought 1. she meant I had overlooked something in the will or 2. the copy in the chancery records may have not been a true copy of the original. But these were not the case. Ta pointed out that I failed to notice documents included in the chancery package which give more information on the slave named Jinney.
Ta caught me not being thorough. I had not read all of the 228 pages of the chancery package as I had only been interested in transcribing the will included in the file. I went through the records again and found the documents Ta was hinting about.
Support of Jinney
As was required by her slaveholder in his will, Jinney was supported by the Henry Honaker estate. Slips of paper were found in the chancery package documenting the monies which were received by Jinney‘s husband Barnet “Barney” Slaughter for her support in 1868, 1869, 1870, and 1871.
We do hereby certify that by the direction of John S. Draper we paid to Barnet Slaughter fifty Dollars for keeping his wife Jinney through the year 1868 and that the said J. S. Draper settled the amount with us. Given under our hand this 9th day of August 1870. James D. Calfee Joshua A. Holmes
Received of John S. Draper and John C. Graham Executors of Henry Honaker Dec’d fifty Dollars for the support of my wife Jinnie (for whom provision is made by the last will and testament of said Honaker) this is for the year 1868 and by the hands of Messrs. Calfee and Holmes. Given under my hand this the 11th day of August 1870. Teste his Wm B. Calfee Barnet X Slaughter mark
Received of John S. Draper and John C. Graham Exevutors of Henry Honaker Dec’d fifty Dollars for the maintenance of my wife Jinnie for whom provision is made by sd Honaker in his last will and testament. This is for the year 1869. Given under my hand this 24th day of November 1869. his Teste Barnet X Slaughter Margaret I. Draper mark
Received of John S. Draper twenty five Dollars for the support of my wife Jinnie for whom provision is made in the last will and testa- ment of Henry Honaker Dec’d, it being for the first half of the year 1870. Given under my hand this the 22th day of August 1870. Teste his Wm B. Calfee Barnet X Slaughter mark
December the 17, 1870 Janie Slughter. Received of J. A. Holmes Seventy five Dollars for his seport ordered By John S. Draper Administer of Henry Honaker Dec’d. his Barney X Slughter mark
February 7 day 1871 Mr. John S. Draper please send me by Moses Slaughter 100 pounds of Baean (sic) and 10 bushels of wheat by Soaaing(?) you will Oblege me Barnet Slauter
The above slips of paper are likely the vouchers referred to in the following:
John C. Graham and John S. Draper will be due to the estate the sum of $51.04 as of the 15th day of October 1874. The said Executors are required by the will of the testator after paying all debts and expenses to retain sufficient sums no then hand to pay for the support and maintenance of his old black woman Jinnie during her life. The amount paid yearly for her maintenance for the last several years has been $25.00 per year. And if no greater amount is required for her support yearly in the future, your Commissioner is of opinion that the Exors should retain for the maintenance of the said Jinnie about the sum of $372.71 providing that your Honor does not allow the accounts of Waller B. Staples and Baskerville & Walker. But should your Honor allow those accounts these will only be the sum of $51.04 which will only support the said Jinnie for two years. I would respectively state that John S. Draper one of the Exors stated before your Commissioner that the yearly amount paid for the support of the said Jinnie is fifty dollars instead of twenty five dollars. Your Commissioner could not find vouchers in the settlement of the Exors “CC” for fifty dollars per year. Your Comm. would state here that he believes the statement of John S. Draper to be true and correct and the said Jinnie being now supported by one Barney Slaughter, a colored man. It is more than probable that he has not presented his claim properly before the Executors for settlement.
Chancery Records Index
Locality: Pulaski County
Index Number: 1881-015
Plaintiff(s): Admr of William Hoge, Exrs of Henry Honaker
Defendant(s): Admr. of William Hoge Etc., Exrs of Henry Honaker Etc.
Surname(s) : Aaron~, Abby~, Allison, Breeding, Charles~, Comer, Draper, Fugate, Galbreath, Graham, Hannah~, Hoge, Honaker, James~, Jordan, Kirkner, Newman, Peggy~, Shaffer, Summers
Wills: 1863 Henry Honaker of Pulaski County, Virginia (images 145-151)
Format: Scanned (228 images) http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015
Why Are These Documents Important?
When we research our ancestors documents reveal information we may not notice on first glance. In the vouchers, the relationship of Jinney to Henry Honaker is not clearly stated. However, if we go back to the will mentioned, we see she was an enslaved person of Henry Honaker. These little slips of paper also give genealogical information. Jinney was the wife of Barnet or Barney Slaughter. They were written and signed after the Civil War when Jinney was a free person and clearly state Barney Slaughter was her husband.
Jinney’s name was spelled Jinney, Jinnie, Janie, and Jennie. She died 30 May 1879 in Pulaski County, Virginia. At the time of her death, her name was given as Jennie Slaughter on her death record. She was 76 years old, a housekeeper, daughter of Peter Johnson and Hannah, and wife of Barney Slaughter. [Source: Ancestry.com. Virginia, Deaths and Burials Index, 1853-1917.]
Barney predeceased his wife Jinney, dying on 14 July 1875 in Pulaski County, Virginia. He was born in Richmond City and was 78 years old at the time of death. [Source: Ancestry.com. Virginia, Deaths and Burials Index, 1853-1917.]
Another record was found to support Jinney’s maiden name, the name of her husband, and a parental relationship to the deceased. Dilsy Miller, a black, female, age 73 died in Dublin, Pulaski County, Virginia, on 19 October 1912. Her parents were listed as Barnett Slaughter and Jennie Johnson. [Source: Ancestry.com. Virginia, Death Records, 1912-2014.]
The enslaved Pack family I wrote about in my July post, Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Amy, Addison, Henry and his Enslaved Family, was recognized by Ta Lee who wrote: “Such a surprise when True A Lewis shared your blog posting. I was totally in shock. These are my folks!!! I have more info on Henry Pack. The Halls are my family. Margaret Pack nee Hall was the sister to my grandfather’s grandmother.”
In the section of the book on Henry Honaker (1756-1830), the three generations of this family who owned slaves are listed with a chart of slaves’ names with birth, mother, and death data. They are listed in alphabetical order. I am listing them in order of birth.
RELEASING (name of owner in parenthesis) Amy b. ca. 1785 died Feb 1857 at the age of 62 Aaron b. ca. 1800 d. Oct 1854 at the age of 54 years of dropsy Lewis b. ca. 1833 died at the age of 24 years (abt. 1857) Sampson b. ca. 1843 d. 7 Jun 1860 at the age of 17 years Charles b. 26 Feb 1854 son of Agness (Henry Honaker) Daniel b. Nov 1855 son of Dilsey (Henry Honaker) Elizabeth b. Feb 1857 daughter of Dilsey (Henry Honaker) Jack Jackson b. Sep 1857 son of Agness (Henry Honaker) Lewis b. 18 Sep 1858 son of Ann (Henry Honaker Jr.) Isaac b. 18 Dec 1858 son of Leticia (Henry Honaker) Jane b. 28 Dec 1858 daughter of Hannah (Henry Honaker) David b. 8 Apr 1859 son of Hannah (Henry Honaker) Randal b. 7 July 1859 son of Hannah (Henry Honaker Jr.) George Wash b. 7 Oct 1859 son of AnnieAmy (Henry Honaker Jr.) JuneJane b. 11 Nov 1859 daughter of Agness (Henry Honaker) Mary b. 11 Nov 1859 daughter of Dilsey (Henry Honaker) Margaret b. 25 Nov 1859 daughter of Agness Gus b. 7 Feb 1861 son of Ann Sampson b. 28 Apr 1861 son of Agness Leticia b. 6 Jun 1861 daughter of Dilsey Floyd b. 7 Apr 1862 son of Amy d. 8 Oct 1862 at the age of 5 mos. 27 days Jane b. 1 Jul 1862 d. 3 Oct 1862 at the age of 3 mos. 2 days of diphtheria Anderson b. 21 Dec 1862 son of Matilda
The source of the names in the chart from the Honaker book is not given. Ta Lee wrote, “The names in the book are some the same ones in the will. Looks like some the book information came from the slave birth registry as well…..I hope this helps for the next post. I’m super excited!”
I checked Ancestry’s Pulaski County, Virginia Births, 1853-93 and was able to add the name of the owner (in parenthesis) and correct two first names. Dates given on the chart match the indexed birth records (images are not available). The years 1861-1863 are missing in the collection due to the Civil War. The deaths noted above were not found in Ancestry’s Virginia, Deaths and Burials Index, 1853-1917.
By listing them in order of birth I discovered there may have been some mothers with the same name. Four children were born to Dilsey between 1855-1861. Agness had five children between 1854-1861, however, two children were born so close in 1859 that it is possible that there were two mothers named Agness. Note: Margaret, d/o Agness, was not found in the Pulaski births. Ann had children in 1858 and 1861. Amy had children in 1859 and 1862. Leticia had a son in 1858. Matilda had a son in 1862. Hannah had three children in 1858-1859 during a period of a little more than 6 months which suggests there may have been three mothers with the name Hannah. After adding the name of the owner, it would appear that Henry Honaker had two slaves named Hannah and Henry Honaker Jr. was the owner of the third.
Per the slave schedules prepared at the time of the census, Henry Honaker had 23 slaves in 1850 and 22 in 1860 while his nephew Henry Honaker Jr. had 6 slaves in 1850 and 10 slaves in 1860. The ages and gender of the enslaved people on the schedules need to be analyzed and compared with the names of children born between 1850-1860 and the names of slaves given in the will of Henry Honaker (1795-1863). This may give a more clear picture of the family groups similar to the a post I wrote last year during Family History Month.
The enslaved family I wrote about in last month’s post Slave Name Roll Project: RELEASING Amy, Addison, Henry and his Enslaved Family was recognized by Ta Lee who wrote: “Such a surprise when True A Lewis shared your blog posting. I was totally in shock. These are my folks!!! I have more info on Henry Pack. The Halls are my family. Margaret Pack nee Hall was the sister to my grandfather’s grandmother.”
Ta (rhymes with day) and I did email. I told her I planned on sharing Henry Honaker’s will in my August post. She said, “These people are my people too!” It has been so rewarding to make a connection with a descendant of an enslaved person I’ve written about.
My 5th great-grandfather Hans Jacob HONEGGER was the father of 14 children with his second wife Maria GOETZ whom he married in 1753 after his 1749 arrival in America. The wife and son who travelled with him died at sea in 1749. Hans Jacob and Maria’s second son Henry was a slaveholder as were his sons and his grandson.
Henry bequeathed his two sons, Jesse and Henry, Jr., “…all my lands in Draper’s Valley which I am in possession of at this time to be divided between them in the following manner…” The manner directed that a partition line, designated in the will, be run north and south through the farm. The land on the west of the line went to Jesse, along with slaves Ephriam, Peter, Will and Reny. The land on the east of the line (on which sat the stone house) went to Henry, Jr., along with slaves Aaron, Jenney, Samuel, and Peter, Jr. To his wife Edith, Henry left “…my negro man, Thomas, and all my stock of horses, cattle, sheep and pigs, and all my household and kitchen furniture not heretofore disposed of, also the stone house and one half the garden during her natural life, also at her death an equal division between my two sons, Jesse and Henry, of all the personal estate left to her, if any remains.”
1. Jesse Honaker (b. 1789 d. 1869) was the son of Henry and his first wife Ann Baker. Jesse had one son Henry and several daughters per supplements to the Honaker book. In addition to the slaves he had inherited from his father, Jesse owned at least two other slaves — Gilly, daughter of Arena, born in 1855, and probably Arena.
2. Henry Honaker Jr. (b. 1795 d. 1863) was the son of Henry and his second wife Edith Smith. He did not have children with his wife Sarah “Sally” Calfee. He left half of his estate to his grandnephew John Honaker, son of Henry Honaker Jr.*
Henry Honaker (b. 1819 d. 1869) was the son of Jesse Honaker and the nephew of Henry Honaker Jr. He was also the husband of Rachel Byrnside Pack whose parents Samuel Pack and Sarah Wyatt were slaveholders in last month’s post. I don’t have his will which was written in 1867 per the Honaker Family Newsletter, Fall 1997, page 6. It is not abstracted in the Honaker book or newsletter. As Henry wrote it and died after the Civil War it would not have names of slaves.
*Note: After the death of the first Henry (b. 1756) in 1830, his grandson Henry (b. 1819) was known as Henry Honaker Jr. to distinguish him from the second Henry (b. 1795). The use of Junior caused a bit of confusion and is the reason I listed the three generations above.
Ephriam, Peter, Will, Reny, Aaron*, Jenney*, Samuel, Peter Jr., Thomas
Gilly and Arena
Jinney*, Aaron*, Hannah and her three children James, Peggy & Abby, and Charles
* slave names seen in 1830 and 1863 wills.
Last Will and Testament of Henry Honaker (1795-1863)
I Henry Honaker of Drapers Valley in in (sic) the County of Pulaski and State of Virginia, do hereby make, constitute and ordain this my last will and Testament, hereby revoking all other and former Wills heretofore made by me. 1st. I direct that so soon after my decease as my Executors (herein= after Named) shall think is advisable, there as much of my live stock, and if necessary of My other personal property not herein otherwise particularly disposed of to be Sold as will be sufficient to pay all my just debts expences (sic) of administration & a 2nd I give to my wife Sallie Honaker during her natural life the plantation on which I now live in Drapers Valey (sic) and all my land adjoining the same. I also give her during her life as aforesaid the following Slaves (viz) Aaron, Hannahand her three children James, Peggy & Abby and the increase of the females if any. 3rd I give to my sd [said] wife Sally Honaker and her heirs and assigns forever the following property (to wit) all of the lands I purchased of Sam T. Calfee in the County of Wythe. Also 3 head of Horses, six head of Cattle, twenty head of Sheep, twenty head of hogs, three beds and bedsteads and bedding sufficient to make and keep them comfortable, 1 Table, six chairs, one Secretary and ? press, it is my will that my wife shall have the privelige (sic) of choos= ing from all the stock and household furniture I may have at the time of my decease the above mentioned stock and furniture. I also give to my sd wife and her heirs forever such farming utensils kitchenware, spring houseware and loom house fixtures as my Executors shall think necessary for the conform and convenience of her family. I also give to my sd wife my two clocks and desire her to leave them to some person that she thinks will keep them together
as they were imported from Germany to this Country together. And in case any aforesaid wife shall die before I do then and in that case I give the property I have given to her and her heirs forever to the following persons, (to wit) I give the lands I bought of S. T. Calfee to her Brother James D. Calfee and his heirs forever provided he will pay to Joshua A. Holmes, James R. Holmes, John Holmes, William Holmes, Wilson D. Holmes, one hundred dollars each and the heirs of Jane Miller decd formerly Jane Holmes, one hundred dollars, and also pay to James Calfee, Emily Calfee, Henry Calfee, Amanda J. Calfee, Wm Davis Calfee, John H. Calfee, Calvin J. Calfee, Leander S. Calfee, Mary M. Calfee, Rhoda J.Calfee, Augusta A. Calfee and Monroe H. Calfee, the children of Evelina Calfee each two Hundred and twenty five dollars and the stock, household & Kitchen furniture & a to be equally divided between the four daughters of Nancy Howard (viz) Patsey Allison, Centhia, Rhoda & Shophia Howard and I also wish my sd wife to take my little black boy Charles and keep him as long as she lives and then he is to live with which ever of My legatees he may choose without them paying anything for him, more than to clothe him and pay any expences (sic) his may be to them. 4th I give the land I own in the upper grid of Drapers Valley known as the Olinger tract to George H. Comer and his wife, during their lives and at their death to their children. 5th I give to the children of Jefferson R. Fugate, Bartram Galbreath, and Joseph Shaffer and John Honaker, son of Henry Honaker junr. the whole of my estate not otherwise disposed of. The same to be dis= posed in the following manner (to wit) The children of Jefferson R. Fugate to have one fourth part, the children of Bartrum Galbreath to have one fourth part, the children of Joseph Shaffer to have one fourth part and John Honaker to have the other fourth part. 6th I give to the children of J. R. Fugate the land I own in the County of Raleigh which to be sold to them at two thousand dollars. 7th I give to the children of Bartram Galbreath my plantation on which John Black now lives, known as Story(?) Battery which place is to be sold to them at seven hundred dollars. 8th I give to John Honaker son of Henry Honaker Jr. at the death of my wife, the plantation on which I now live and all my lands adjoining the same and if the sd John Honaker should die without heirs then his next oldest Brother to have it, which place I sale to him at ten thousand five hundred dollars. 9th I wish my executors to rent out the land I have given to my wife and her heirs forever and the land I give to the children of Bartrum Galbreath until my wife’s decease, and that they the lands may _?_ be _?_ I wish them to be farmed according to the improved mode of farming in this country that is, to be kept in grass at least four years out of every six. I wish them also to dispose of all my personal property ? herein before disposed of other than the Slaves to the best advantage either publicly or privately as they may choose and as I desire that my slaves after my decease may fall into the hands of good trustees I desire that my Executors may allow them to choose their own Mas= ters, and if they choose any person who is unwilling to give the amount they are appraised at, that they the executors reduce the ? till they take off one third part, and ? such credit or credits as they may think proper and I desire in any case ? the said slaves may be sold to said person they desire to go to and I wish them to be sold as much in families as possible, the mothers choosing for their own children then under 18 years of age. When the Executors have sold the property and collected the money
and paid all just debts and expences then I I (sic) wish them to ret? money enough in their hands to pay all expences of taking care of my old black woman Jinney, during her life. I desire my executors to hold the money in their hands or leave it out as they may think best and pay to the children as they come of age, so that each ones children may receive as much as another and if the land I have given any of them is more than their share they are to pay to the other as I wish my land that I have given to J.R. Fugate, Bartram Galbreath and John Honaker and my other property to be equally divided in four parts and each part to be divided so as each ones children may fare equally except the little boy of J. R. Fugate who is crippled, whose name is Henry I wish him to have as much as either too of brothers or sisters. The Slaves I have herein given to my wife during her life I wish to be disposed of, at her death in the said way as I have directed for any other slaves to be disposed of. I desire that the following Gentlemen be appointed to appraise my property (viz) Robt D. Martin, Anthony Owens, Jas M. Crocket, Robt Graham. I desire the following gentlemen may be my Executors (viz) John B. Baskerville, John S. Draper, Charles L. Fox, and John C. Graham In witness whereof I have herewith _?_ my name and af= fixed my seal this 24th day of May 1859. Henry Honaker Sr. *Seal* Witness Robert D. Martin William I. Martin Margaret J. Vermillion
I Henry Honaker do make this codicil to my last will and testa= ment namely. I give and bequeath to Henry Honaker Miller, (a son of David Miller who married Margaret Honaker, daughter of Joseph Honaker) the sum of two hundred dollars. Witness my hand and seal this 12th day of February 1861. Henry Honaker *Seal* Signed, recorded, published and declared in our presence who in the presence of each other and of the testator and at his request have hereunto subscribed and named as witnesses John B. Baskerville James D. Calfee
I hereby revoke the above codicil and direct that the legacy given in it to Henry Honaker Miller, be paid to his mother Margaret Miller wife of David Miller, Given under my hand this 14th Nov 1861 Henry Honaker Witness Edmond P. Lyon John Baskerville Virginia At a Court held for the County of Pulaski the 5th day of Feb 1863 The last will and testament of Henry Honaker Decd was entered in Court and the will was proven by Robert D. Martin and William I. Martin two of the subscribing witnesses thereto and the first codicil was proven by Jno B. Baskerville and James D. Calfee the two subscribing witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded. And the second codicil was proven by John B. Basker= ville one of the subscribing witnesses thereto and continued for further proof. A Copy Teste Lynch A. Cur? , C. And at a Court held for the said County the 5th day of March 1863 The last will and testament of Henry Honaker Decd was again pre=
sented in Court and the last codicil was further proven by Edward F. Lyon a subscribing witness thereto and ordered to be recorded. A Copy Teste Copies Lynch A. Cu? C. Teste Robt. D. Gardner, Clerk Fees $2.50
[Transcribed by Cathy Meder-Dempsey, 12 August 2016 from images 145-151 found on the Library of Virginia site at link below]
Chancery Records Index
Locality: Pulaski County
Index Number: 1881-015
Plaintiff(s): Admr of William Hoge, Exrs of Henry Honaker
Defendant(s): Admr. of WIlliam Hoge Etc., Exrs of Henry Honaker Etc.
Surname(s) : Aaron~, Abby~, Allison, Breeding, Charles~, Comer, Draper, Fugate, Galbreath, Graham, Hannah~, Hoge, Honaker, James~, Jordan, Kirkner, Newman, Peggy~, Shaffer, Summers
Wills: 1863 Henry Honaker of Pulaski County, Virginia
Format: Scanned (228 images) http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=155-1881-015
Samuel Pack (1779-1850) wrote his Last Will and Testament on 1 January 1850 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. Three weeks later, on 23 January 1850, Raleigh County was formed. The will was the first item recorded in the Will Book for Raleigh County.
RELEASING Amy, Addison, and Henry
Saml Pack’s Will (in margin)
In the name of God Amen I Samuel Pack of the County of Fayette & state of Virginia, calling to mind that is alotted (sic) once for man to die do make and constitute this my last Will an (sic) testment (sic) revoking all Wills or writings heretofore made by me in the manner an (sic) form following (to wit) first After my decease I desire my body may be buried in neat and Christian like manner, that all my funeral expenses an (sic) just debts be paid 2 I give an (sic) bequeath unto my Deer (sic) Beloved wife Sally Pack absolutely the whole of my estate both Real an (sic) personal and (sic) at disposal at her death forever 3rd The heirs of William Pack each one I give an (sic) bequeath One dollar to Each one to be paid by my Executor 4th To my son Andrew Pack I give an (sic) bequeath One Dollar 5/ To my son Augustus Pack I give an (sic) bequeath One dollar 6/ To my daughter Rachel Honaker I give an (sic) bequeath One dollar 7/ With this special Reservation that my three Negroes Amy, Addison, & Henry at the death of my wife Sally Pack shall have the Liberty of chewsing (sic) ther (sic) own Master out of all my schildren (sic) or grand schildren (sic) an (sic) if that dont suit they shall be at Liberty to take some other master by him paying the valuation of said Negro or Negroes over to said heirs. I have omitted certain of my children with this my last will testament which is in consequence of the Land conveyed to William Pack at the mouth Greenbrier River. Land to Andrew Pack on Cole River, Land to Augustus Pack on Cole River I do hereby appoint James M. Byrnsides as my executor at this my last Will & testament In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 1 day January 1850 test mark Anderson Pack Samuel X Pack Seal Washington H. Boyd his Jackson Vest
At a Court held for the County of Raleigh on Monday the 28th day of October 1850. The last Will and Testament of Samuel Pack deceased was proved according to law by the Oaths of Anderson Pack, and Jackson Vest, Witnesses thereto, and is ordered to be recorded. A Copy Teste Daniel Shumate clk
When doing genealogy research you realize how small the world really is. Samuel’s widow Sarah (Wyatt) Pack was living only a few households away from my 3rd great-grandparents Jordan N. Peters and Rachel Proffitt in 1850. Samuel and Sarah’s daughter Rachel Byrnside Pack was married to Henry Honaker (my 2C4R), grandson of my 4th great-grandfather Frederick Honaker‘s brother Henry. This led me to do a bit more research than usual on the slaves Amy, Addison, and Henry mentioned in Samuel Pack’s will.
After the Last Will and Testament
Samuel Pack died in July 1850 per the U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index. I found only one GEDCOM on RootsWeb with this date of death. All others have the day his will was proved in court as his date of death – 28 October 1850. On Ancestry there are over 550 trees and a little over 1/5 have the correct date of death. He was not on the 1850 census – a red flag that something must be wrong!
In 1850 his widow Sarah (Wyatt) Pack was living in Raleigh County and was enumerated on Schedule 2 for Slave Inhabitants with a 50 years old black female, a 29 years old black male, and a 25 years old black male. The schedule was dated 5 July 1850 and the three slaves mentioned are likely Amy, Addison, and Henry. As Samuel was not on the schedule his death must have been before July 5. Further, as the official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850 it is more likely he died before July or even June. Why else would Sarah be alone as of 1 June 1850 on the census?
By 1860 Sarah had moved in with her daughter Rachel and son-in-law Henry Honaker in Newbern, Pulaski County, Virginia. Once again she was enumerated on the Slave Schedule. This time with a 38 years old black male and a 35 years old mulatto male. From this I assume Amy may have died between 1850-1860. I believe the two males were Addison and Henry.
By the end of the year 1860 Sarah Pack was deceased. I have not found a record to confirm the 13 December 1860 date of death found on Find A Grave. Per her husband’s will at her death his Negroes should have the liberty to choose their own master out of his children or grandchildren or “take some other master.” I don’t know if they chose to remain with Rachel and Henry Honaker with whom they, as well as Sarah, were living. However I am sure Henry remained in Pulaski County. But what of Addison?
At this point I would like to note that I did not find any trace of Addison. “A cohabitation register, or as it is properly titled, Register of Colored Persons…cohabiting together as Husband and Wife on 27th February 1866, was the legal vehicle by which former slaves legitimized both their marriages and their children.” ~ Library of Virginia. Pulaski County is not included on the site and may be one of the counties for which this register does not exist. I checked the surrounding counties and none had a Pack or Addison on their register. Without Addison‘s surname it is nearly impossible to locate him in the census or other records or even to guess if he was related to Amy and Henry.
I found Henry in the 1870 census as Henry Pack with wife Margaret Ann, five children, and an older woman named Jane Hall. All were listed as mulattoes except Jane Hall who was black. Henry was a carpenter and owned 60 acres of land. By 1880 his family had grown to nine children. His place of birth as well as his parents’ were listed as West Virginia which supported my assumption that this was the same Henry as seen in Samuel Pack’s will. The 1880 census included the relationships missing on the 1870 census and prove Jane Hall (b. 1800-1802) was the mother of Henry’s wife Margaret Ann Hall.
I began following the children of HenryPack using the nine names found in the census and their mother’s maiden name. A tenth child was born after 1880. Several death records found had years of birth which did not match the census and suggested that Henry fathered more than one child in the 1880s. I found a couple of trees on Ancestry which have confused him with another Henry Pack who lived in Wythe County and died in 1925. Because of the conflicting information I decided to input all information into a family tree on Ancestry and attach the records found. This is something I have never done. I always work directly from my genealogy software, downloading the records and attaching them to the correct individuals in my GEDCOM file. But I was not sure I was following the correct persons and decided to try a different approach, i.e. a family tree on Ancestry.
Amy Was Henry’s Mother
It was while attaching all the records that I found the indexed death record of Henry Pack.
There is no image for this record however the indexed information matches on several points.
The age at death and estimated year of birth match with the ages seen for the younger male slave of Sarah Pack in 1850 and 1860.
Although Raleigh County did not exist in 1825 it is where Henry lived in 1850 and likely where he was born. Pre-1850 census records of Samuel Pack were found and with changing county lines taken into consideration he lived at the same place in 1825.
Henry’s occupation matches the occupation seen on the 1870 and 1880 census.
Although seen as mulatto on the 1860 slave schedule, 1870 and 1880 census the death index has black.
His wife is a match with Margaret Ann Pack, her married name.
But the most important entries are the names of father and mother and confirm that Amy was Henry’s mother. Mr. Pack who is listed as his father very likely was not a black man as Amy was black and Henry was mulatto.
Henry’s Children, Enslaved and Free
As I researched Henry’s children I was so fixed on the three slave names in the last will and testament of Samuel Pack that I did not consider that some of Henry’s children were born into slavery. Two were born before the Emancipation Proclamation on 1 January 1863 and another was born before the abolition of slavery in Virginia in 1865: Louis, Mary Belle, and Henry Ollie.
A daughter was born two months after Henry’s death bringing the total children of Henry Pack and Margaret Ann Hall to ten:
Louis PACK b. 20 January 1860 d. 8 December 1942
Mary Belle PACK b. 18 March 1862 d. 4 April 1913
Henry Ollie PACK b. 14 November 1864 d. 10 January 1943
James Warren PACK b. 17 January 1867 d. 27 March 1940
Lucy Ann PACK b. abt. 1869 d. 4 September 1881
Joseph William PACK b. 27 January 1872 d. 25 Feb 1941
Thomas Philip PACK b. 28 Oct 1874 d. 29 Dec 1950
Walter A. PACK b. Feb 1877 d. 27 Feb 1944
Creasy Jane PACK b. abt 1879 d. bet. 1917-1920
Henrietta PACK b. Dec 1881 d. 3 May 1955
A death record was not found for Margaret Ann Hall. The unmarried children are missing from the 1900 census. Was their mother still living? Had she remarried? Could they be enumerated with a different surname? The family does not appear to have stayed in Pulaski County as marriages were found in Montgomery County for nearly all the children beginning in 1886. Most spent their entire lives in Auburn, Montgomery County.
The connection to Montgomery County may go back to Margaret Ann Hall’s side of the family. There were no Hall slave owners in Pulaski County in 1850 and 1860 but several in Montgomery County including Asa Hall Jr., son of Asa Hall Sr. a Revolutionary War soldier.
After inputting all information found I had 143 persons in the family tree for Amy, Addison, and Henry. I temporarily attached Addison as the son of Amy and brother of Henry. This can easily be undone if and when more information is found on Addison to prove or disproves his relationship to Amy. The tree includes ten children of Henry Pack, 32 grandchildren, 20 great-grandchildren and counting. I did not do an exhaustive search for the second and later generations of Henry Pack’s descendants.
This exercise of using Ancestry to build a family tree was a first for me. I plan to keep the tree private as I am not a fan of the ability to click and add information from other public trees. I will reach out to those who have Henry’s children in their public trees and will give them access if they are interested. If you are related to this family, please feel free to get in touch with me by leaving a comment below.
Many thanks to my blog sister True Lewis of NoTeS To MySeLf for her feedback on my draft.
Following my three part series on the slaves of my 5th grand-father James Sims during Black History Month in February 2015 I made a commitment to write a post on a monthly basis until I’ve RELEASED all of the names of slaves owned by my ancestors or owned by persons I’ve researched who were relatives or neighbors of my ancestors. These posts are part of the Slave Name Roll Project.
My 4th great-grandmother Rachel WISEMAN was born on 1 March 1769 in Berks County, Pennsylvania. She was the 6th child of Isaac WISEMAN (1738-1818) and Elizabeth DAVIS (1738-1807).
Isaac WISEMAN and Elizabeth DAVIS, both born in August 1738 in Berks County, were married about 1758, most likely in that county. They were the parents of 11 known children all born in Berks County, Pennsylvania:
Joseph D. (1759-1836) born 29 Mar 1759
John (1760-1842) born 18 Aug 1760
Sarah (1762-aft. 1841) born 17 Jul 1762
Isaac (1764-1852) born 19 Jun 1764
Jacob (1767-1839) born 12 Jan 1767
Rachel (1769-bef. 1824) born 1 Mar 1769
Samuel (1771-1861) born 15 Feb 1771
Abner (1772-1830) born abt. 1772
Elizabeth (1774-1830s) born abt. 1774
Margaret (1777-1869) born abt. 1777
William (1779-1842) born 6 May 1779
WISEMAN Family and the American Revolutionary War
Rachel was six when the American Revolutionary War began on 19 April 1775. By this time Isaac and Elizabeth had nine children aged between 1 and 16.
In August 1776 Rachel’s oldest brother Joseph D. WISEMAN was drafted in the first militia that went out of Berks County. This was only the beginning as can be seen in the declaration of service given by Joseph D. WISEMAN in 1832 at the age of 73 to obtain his Revolutionary War pension. His pension file includes the family records that his son Samuel submitted in 1847 when he applied for pension money on behalf of himself and his siblings as their parents were both deceased. These papers show the dates of birth and death of Rachel’s parents Isaac WISEMAN and Elizabeth DAVIS.
WISEMAN Family Moves from Pennsylvania to Virginia
Family tradition is that Isaac and his brood, both married and single, left Berks County, Pennsylvania, and went up the Shenandoah Valley to Rockingham County, Virginia. In his declaration, Joseph states that he lived in Rockingham County, Virginia, about 10 years before moving in 1794 to Greenbrier County [the area which would later be Monroe County, West Virginia].
By the end of the war on 14 January 1784 the family had increased to 11 children, the oldest son Joseph and the oldest daughter Sarah were married. The marriage record for Sarah shows that she married on 3 November 1782 in Rockingham County. This would suggest that the WISEMANs made their move in 1782 [or earlier] and Joseph may have followed them only after he married his second wife.
Marriages of the WISEMAN siblings
1782 – Sib 1: Joseph D. WISEMAN married(1) Susannah MANLY abt. 1782 in Berks County, Pennsylvania
1782 – Sib 3: Sarah WISEMAN married James BARLEY on 3 November 1782 in Rockingham County, Virginia
1785 – Sib 1: Joseph D. WISEMAN married(2) Elizabeth BATEMAN on 10 February 1785 in Robeson (Rabbesin) Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania (location confirmed by son Samuel)
1786 – Sib 2: John WISEMAN married Sarah GREEN on 10 May 1786 in Rockingham County, Virginia
1790 – Sib 4: Isaac WISEMAN married Mary Magdalene ARMENTROUT on 9 August 1790 in Rockingham County, Virginia [record not located]
???? – Sib 5: Jacob WISEMAN married Rachael [–?–]. She is listed as his wife in his will in 1839 and seen in the 1840 census as the head of household.
1795 -Rachel WISEMAN married Frederick HONAKER on 28 September 1795 in Rockingham County, Virginia (marriage bond recorded in Shenandoah County)
1797 – Sib 7: Samuel WISEMAN married Polly BOWYER on 10 May 1797 in Rockingham County, Virginia
1804 – Sib 11: William WISEMAN married Phebe KILBURN on 31 January 1804 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia [record not located]
 Dodd, Jordan. Virginia, Marriages, 1660-1800 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997. Original data: Electronic transcription of marriage records held by the individual counties in Virginia.  Pennsylvania Church Records – Adams, Berks, and Lancaster Counties, 1729-1881 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2004. Original data: Extracted from microfilmed transcriptions of the original church records. The microfilmed records are located at the Family History Library.
Rachel WISEMAN Marries Frederick HONAKER
As seen above the marriage of Rachel WISEMAN and Frederick HONAKER took place in 1795 in Rockingham County and the marriage bond was recorded in Shenandoah County as follows:
Know all men, by their presents, that we Frederick Conickor and Isaac Wiseman are held and firmly bound unto his Excellency Robert Brooke, Esquire, Governor of Virginia, and his Successors, in the sum of one hundred fifty dollars to the payment whereof, well and truly to be made, we do bind ourselves, our heirs, and each of our joint and several heirs, executors and administrators, jointly and severally firmly by their presence, felled with our feats, and dated the 24th day of September 1795 in the 24th year of the Commonwealth. The condition of the above Obligation is such, that whereas there is a Marriage suddenly to be solomized between the above bound Frederick Coniker and Rachel Wiseman, daughter of Isaac Wiseman of Rockingham County; if therefore there shall be no lawful cause to object of said Marriage, then this obligation be void, otherwise to remain in full force and virtue. Witness: M. Gambill. Signed Frederick Honaker, Isaac Wiseman [Source: Honaker Family Newsletter]
Rachel and Frederick Had 8 Known Children
Ch 1: Isaac Morgan (1796-1885) born Bet.1796-1799
Ch 2: Elizabeth “Betsy” (1797- ) born Bet. 1797-1800
Ch 3: Margaret “Peggy” (1798-1879) born Abt 1798
Ch 4: Rachel (1804-1860) born Abt 1804
Ch 5: Sarah (1805-1862) born Bet. 1805-1806
Ch 6: Anna (1806-1873) born 10 Sep 1806
Ch 7: Letty (1810-1825) born Aft 1810
Ch 8: Frederick Styrus (1810-1836) born Aft 1810
As Rachel lived with her husband Frederick in Monroe County, (West) Virginia, following their marriage until her death, her children were most likely all born in that county. Estimated years of birth were calculated after analysis of the pre-1850 censuses for children who did not live to be seen in 1850 and later censuses.
Many changes took place in Rachel’s life. She gave Frederick six children before her mother Elizabeth DAVIS died on 19 July 1807. Rachel had two more children following the 1810 census. Her father Isaac WISEMAN died 3 May 1818. Isaac and Elizabeth spent the rest of their days in Monroe County and were buried in the Old Rehoboth Churchyard near Union, the county seat. Three of their children, Abner, Jacob and Elizabeth who married John Blanton went to Kentucky; Samuel, John, and Isaac II went to Ohio; Sarah who married James Barley remained in Rockingham County, Virginia; Joseph, William, and Margaret, who married Bartholomew Ramsey, and Rachel, who married Frederick Honaker, stayed in West Virginia.
Following the 1820 census Rachel saw her oldest son Isaac Morgan HONAKER marry Rebecca Ann SAMS (1799-1860) on 28 October 1820 in Monroe County [bond]. The next two marriages in the HONAKER house were those of Betsy and Peggy. As we do not know the exact date of Rachel’s death, she may or may not have seen these daughters marrying.
Margaret “Peggy” HONAKER married Alexander CAMPBELL (1798-1881) on 30 Oct 1823 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia. Peggy’s brother Isaac HONAKER went bond with Alexander CAMPBELL on the 20 October 1823.
Rachel was the first of the WISEMAN children to pass away. She died between 1 April 1821 and December 1824 in Monroe County. She predeceased her husband Frederick HONAKER who died about December 1824 in Monroe County. Three of Rachel’s daughters married within the year following Frederick’s death:
Anna HONAKER married Owen DUFFY (1800-1867) on 1 Sep 1825 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia [bond]
The Burial Place of Rachel’s Parents
The log structure that was named Rehoboth was constructed in 1786 on land donated by Edward KEENAN and in 1788 the first American Methodist bishop, Francis ASBURY, preached the dedication service. In 1796 he ordained Frederick’s brother-in-law John WISEMAN as a Methodist minister. Nearly 50 years after Frederick HONAKER joined his parents-in-law in the grounds surrounding Old Rehoboth, a new meeting house was constructed. The old log relic lay abandoned for another half century until it was restored in 1927. Another 30 years later a shed was constructed to further preserve the structure.
Robert N. Wiseman, Senior Historian of the Wiseman Family Association, gave me permission to use this photo of the church taken in 1934 before the “shed” was added.
And this is what the building looked like 70 years later when Irene Warner and her husband took her parents to visit the cemetery and meeting house.
After giving me permission to use her photos Irene sent more with this explanation: “I have attached pictures of the inside of the church. It was so special to get to see this old building in it’s original shape – very small inside; but it had a balcony…..[in this picture at the bottom and on the balcony are what] look like flat boards or similar; unfortunately cameras didn’t do 3 dimensional pictures. They are pictures of the LOG seats – a log was split in half; a person sat on the inside part of the seat, the bark was at the bottom; there are “peg legs” on the logs. I’ll bet there weren’t too many long sermons in that church….don’t know how anyone could sit very long on a seat that hard…..”
A New Discovery – What Do You Think?
Working my way back on my paternal line has me looking at things that I haven’t worked on in a long time. In the case of the HONAKER and WISEMAN lines I never really went in and checked on all the census and vital records for collateral lines. Both families have associations with historians who are keeping track of these families and updating as new information is uncovered. The list of Rachel’s siblings grew and then shrunk as I checked, checked, checked for supporting records while writing.
I thought I’d found another child for Rachel’s parents but she turned out to be a granddaughter.
When Rachel WISEMAN married Frederick HONAKER on 28 September 1895 Rachel brought Edith, her 10 years old daughter, into the marriage.
Supporting documentation? I don’t have three sources for every event but I’d say, “Yes!”
On 23 May 1803, in Monroe County, Frederick HONAKER went bond with Seth BOGGESS for the marriage of Edith WISEMAN to Seth. [bond at left] Edith and Seth were married on 9 June 1803 in Monroe by John WISEMAN. [marriage register, 4th entry on left page] I did not find a permission slip from her parents.
After finding the marriage I searched for the couple/family in the census, found them in 1820 and 1830, and then hit a dead end. As a last resort I searched the internet for possible queries about the couple. An old genforum posting helped me locate the death record [line 6] of Edith BOGGESS. I had been so focused on trying to locate the entire family in the census that I didn’t check for her death record.
On 5 February 1857 in Monroe County Edith BOGGESS died of cancer at the age of 72 years and 1 day. She was the daughter of Rachel WISEMAN (no father listed) and the consort of Seth BOGGESS. The informant was Wm SMITH, a relative.
Further research shows that William SMITH was a son-in-law, husband of Edith’s daughter Elizabeth. Per Edith’s death record she was born in Monroe and the date of birth can be calculated to 4 February 1785. The place of birth is not reliable as Monroe wasn’t formed until 1799. Her birth would have taken place about the time that the WISEMAN family came down the Shenandoah Valley to Rockingham. At this time, the only Rachel WISEMAN in the area who would have been old enough to have a child was Isaac and Elizabeth’s daughter Rachel who would turn 16 on 1 March 1785.
Was my 4th great-grandmother Rachel WISEMAN the mother of an illegitimate daughter? Please leave a comment telling me what you think.
52 Ancestors: #32 Did Frederick HONAKER Use An Alias?
My fourth great-grandfather Frederick HONAKER’s father Hans Jacob HONEGGER emigrated from Switzerland to America in 1749. Hans Jacob left Switzerland with his young wife and one year old son. Both perished at sea and Hans Jacob arrived alone in Philadelphia.
Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
Frederick HONAKER was born about 1757 in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, to Hans Jacob HONEGGER (1718-1796) and his second wife Maria GOETZ (1737-1805). At the time of Frederick’s birth his parents had been married 4 years and had two sons, Jacob (1755) and Henry (1756).
Frederick County, Maryland
Around 1758 Frederick’s father moved the family to Frederick County, Maryland. Hans Jacob leased 56 acres of land owned by Lord Baltimore at Mount Pleasant on 16 March 1758 for £25. He brought his land holdings up to 121 acres on 3 December 1761 by adding two adjacent tracts of 51 and 14 acres for £18. Not only did he increase his land holdings, he also increased the size of his family giving Frederick two more brothers, Peter (1762) and Benjamin (1764).
Land was getting scarce in Frederick County, Maryland, and the 121 acres of land that Frederick’s father had leased would not be enough to support the growing family. The 7-year stopover in Maryland ended when Hans Jacob and Maria executed a deed for the three tracts of land for £108.15 on 20 March 1765 to Frederick Eyson and headed for the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia.
Shenandoah Valley in Virginia
Frederick was eight years old when the family made the move to Frederick County, Virginia. They settled on Passage Creek, at what is now Waterlick, where Hans Jacob bought 97 acres on 2 August 1765. Five more siblings were born: Joseph (1765), Nicholas (1767), Mary (1768), Elizabeth (1769), and Martin (1770). In the early 1770s Hans Jacob began the lengthy process of acquiring a land grant from Lord Fairfax. Most of this land had been originally surveyed for Lord Fairfax by George Washington. On 5 March 1773 the grant for 121 acres was deeded to him. It adjoined his 97 acres tract and brought his holdings to 218 acres.
Frederick now had seven brothers and two sisters and the family was still growing. In 1772 the area of Frederick County where the HONAKER family was living became Dunmore County. Frederick’s brothers Abraham (1774) and Isaac (1775) and his sister Anna (1777) were born in this new county. In 1778 the name of the county was changed to Shenandoah County.
American Revolutionary War 19 Apr 1775 – 14 Jan 1784
“His [Frederick’s] early adult life involved him in an historic event of great importance to America. At about the same time that General George Washington and the Continental Army were emerging from a terrible winter at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, Gen. George Rogers Clark was dispatched from Virginia with a small military force to break British control in the so-called Northwest Territory in the Illinois countery. Among the 178 recruits were three of Hans Jacob Honaker’s sons, Frederick, Henry, and Peter. Frederick was the first of the brothers to enlist with General Clark on 29 August 1777, in Capt. Thomas Buck’s Dunmore Militia in Woodstock, Dunmore (later Shenandoah) County, Virginia while his brothers enlisted on 1 March 1778. The determined force set out from Redstone on the Monongahela River in the spring of 1778, reaching the present site of Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky. It continued marching for six exhausting days to Fort Kaskaskia, Illinois, through tackless wilderness inhabited by hostile Indians, in icy, high waters sometimes up to the men’s shoulders, with rations so short that the men were two days without food.”
I am grateful to the researchers who have worked on the HONAKER family and have left a wealth of information. When no citations are given I cannot take the information at face value without searching for documents that confirm the given history. And this is good because it helps me make new discoveries!
Gen. George Rogers Clark’s Illinois Campaign ended with this dramatic climax:
“The sudden emergence from this waterlogged wilderness of Clark’s muddy, buckskin-clad warriers, with their flintlock rifles and tomahawks, took the Vincennes garrison so completely by surprise that the fort fell, after a brief struggle. It was one of the most heroic feats of arms ever performed, and it saved Illinois and Kentucky from falling to the British. When the treaty of peace was signed in 1783, Clark’s conquests were the major factor in the award of the entire northwest to the Americans.”
After the Illinois Campaign, Capt. William Harrod spent the winter 1778-1779 building a town at the Falls of the Ohio, present day Louisville. Frederick and Henry HONAKER were listed on this muster roll.
As payment for their services in the Illinois expedition, Frederick, Peter, and Henry each were awarded 108 acres of land in Clark’s grant along the Ohio River in Indiana. They later sold their claims.
Did Frederick HONAKER Use an Alias?
I have a slight problem with the above statement about the three brothers. In William Hayden English’s Conquest of the Country Northwest of the River Ohio, 1778-1783 and Life of Gen. George Rogers Clark I found Henry and Peter received 108 acres each (page 846), Henry and P. sold their allotments (page 1072), and Henry and Frederick were on a payroll (page 1034). However what has me puzzled is that, while I haven’t seen a list that includes Frederick receiving or selling his 108 acres, I did find the following on page 1100:
What does “Peter, alias Frederick Honaker” mean? Did Frederick go by the name Peter? Were there only two HONAKER brothers in Capt. Thomas Buck’s Dunmore Militia? If Peter enlisted on 1 March 1778 he would have been only 16 years old.
Frederick Returns Home, Marries, and Begins Raising A Family
Frederick returned to Shenandoah County, Virginia. He married Elizabeth Golliday (1759-1794) of that county about 1782. In 1785, Frederick bought 243 acres of land in Rockingham County, Virginia. In 1788, he was reported to be in Capt. John Ruddell’s Company. In 1790 he was seen on the Rockingham County Tax List as Frederick Honnaken with 4 white souls, 1 dwelling and 1 other building.
Frederick and Elizabeth had Magdalene, Polly, Jacob (1783), and John (1793) before Elizabeth died. These children were listed, in this order, in a deed executed by themselves with their father Frederick, 21 July 1812, when they were all residents of Monroe County, (West) Virginia. The deed conveyed their undivided interest in the estate of Jacob Golliday, Elizabeth’s father, to a William Baserman. This was recorded in Shenandoah County Deed Book T, pp. 383-386.
On 12 August 1795 at the age of 77 years Frederick’s father Hans Jacob executed his last will and testament. The original will is in a file drawer marked “Wills Etc. 1796-1814-1820” in Bundle 2 in Wythe Courthouse, per Rev. Al Elswick, Honaker Family Association Historian. Hans Jacob had moved to what is now Draper in Pulaski County in 1784. At the time that he lived there the area was part of the county of Wythe, formed in 1790 from part of old Montgomery County. The will was probated on 10 May 1796 narrowing the time of Hans Jacob’s death to between August 1795 and May 1796.
As Hans Jacob’s will was probated in May 1796 it is very likely that he was still living when Frederick remarried in September of 1795, a little over a month after Hans Jacob wrote is will.
Frederick Conickor and Isaac Wiseman went bond on 24 September 1795 in Shenandoah County on the marriage of Frederick Coniker and Rachel Wiseman, daughter of Isaac Wiseman of Rockingham County.
Frederick’s second wife Rachel WISEMAN (1769-1821) was born 1 March 1769 in Berks County, Pennsylvania, to Isaac WISEMAN and Elizabeth DAVIS.
From Rockingham County to Monroe County
Following the marriage Frederick made plans to move his family from Rockingham County to what would become Monroe County in 1799. In 1798 he bought a farm from Edward Keenan near the Rehoboth Meeting House in the Sinks in Greenbrier County:
Greenbrier County WV Deeds Book 2 1798-1803 p 66-67 26 Jun 1798; Edward Keenan and wife Nancy Keenan 243 acres for 5 sh to Frederic Honiker land conveyed from Patrick Keenan adj Wiseman, Scarbrough. Wit; William Tennis, John Johnson, John Blanton
As this transaction took place the year before the formation on Monroe County it was recorded in the Greenbrier County.
In 1799 “Frederick Honecor” was listed on the first list of personal property owners in Monroe County, the earliest known list of citizens of the newly formed county.
In July 1800, Frederick received a land grant of 57 acres on Lick Run adjoining the land of Edward Keenan and Keenan’s father’s land. The location of the grant is seen (right) as being in Greenbrier. When the land was surveyed it was “lying and being in” that county. Frederick HONAKER now owned 300 acres in Monroe County.
Frederick HONAKER was on the Monroe Voters list in 1800. This was a list of qualified voters for the presidential election of 3 November 1800. It is of interest as the suffrage at that time was very much restricted and a voter was a person of some property and consequence.
Frederick’s mother Maria GOETZ died about 1805 in Wythe County, Virginia.
By the time that the 1810 census was taken Frederick and his wife Rachel had seven children: Isaac M., Elizabeth B., Margaret P., Sarah, Anna, Letty and Rachel, my third great-grandmother. Exact order of birth is unknown as birthdates are not known for all of the children. A son Frederick Styrus was born following the census as no male under 10 is seen in the household in 1810.
1810 U.S. Federal Census Monroe County, (West) Virginia Monroe Name: Fredk Honaker Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 15: 1 (Isaac M.) Free White Persons – Males – 16 thru 25: 1 (John H.) Free White Persons – Males – 45 and over: 1 (Frederick) Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 4 (Rachel, Sarah, Anna, Letty) Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 15: 2 (Betsey, Margaret) Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25: 1 (Rachel, age range is off) Number of Household Members Under 16: 7 Number of Household Members Over 25: 1 Number of Household Members: 10
1820 U.S. Federal Census Monroe County, Virginia Peterstown Sheet No. 171 Frederic Honachar Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 3 (Frederick Styrus, 2 grandsons?) Free White Persons – Males – 16 thru 25: 1 (Isaac) Free White Persons – Males – 45 and over: 1 (Frederick) Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 3 (Letty, 2 granddaughters?) Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 15: 2 (Sarah, Anna) Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25: 3 (Betsy, Margaret, Rachel) Free White Persons – Females – 45 and over : 1 (Rachel) Number of Persons – Engaged in Agriculture: 2 Number of Persons – Engaged in Manufactures: 1 Free White Persons – Under 16: 8 Free White Persons – Over 25: 2 Total Free White Persons: 14 Total All Persons – White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 14
Frederick’s four children from his first marriage married in 1803, 1808 and 1814. The first of his children from his second marriage Isaac Morgan HONAKER married Rebecca Ann Sams (1799-1860) 28 Oct 1820 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia.
Monroe County Deed Book G shows Frederick and Rachel selling 13 acres to Hugh Caperton and Henry Alexander “near Rehoboth Meeting House where Honaker lives” on 31 March 1821. Frederick died in 1824 without mentioning Rachel in the will he left. Rachel WISEMAN must have died following the land transaction and before Frederick’s will was written on 30 November 1924.
Two of Frederick and Rachel’s girls married before he died: Elizabeth “Betsy” married William SAUNDERS on 15 January 1822 and Margaret “Peggy” married Alexander Campbell on 20 October 1823.
Frederick HONAKER died about December 1824 and left a will naming all of his children.
In the name of God, Amen. I, Frederick Honicker of the Co. of Monroe and state of Virginia being sick in body but of sound and disposing mind, do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner following that is to say. First I will and bequeath unto my beloved son John Honicker sixty acres of land part of the tract of land whereon I now live to be taken off that part of it where the S. John now lives so as to include the house and improvements which he has made, to him and his heirs forever. Second, I will and bequeath unto my son Isaac Honiker all my blacksmith tools of every description to him and his heirs forever. Third, I will and bequeath unto my daughter, Magdaline Cantley the sum of one dollar to be paid her by my executors. Fourth, after my death and after my children all come of the age of twenty one years I desire that the balance of the tract of land whereon I now live be sold by my Executor to the best advantage, and the proceeds thereof I desire to be equally divided between my children to-wit: Mary Davis, Jacob Honicker, Peggy Campbell, Rachel Honicker, Sarah Honicker, Anna Honicker, Letty Honicker, Betsy Saunders, and Frederick Styrus Honicker and until that event takes place I desire that my son John Honicker see to the management of my affairs and take care of the property which may remain on the place for use of such of my children as any choose to live here until the same shall be sold and such of the perishable part of my estate as may (on the sound discretion of my executor) be of use to support my children who may live on the plantation until the same be sold as aforesaid to be kept and supported on the plantation until the period aforesaid, and the balance of the personal property which may not be deemed necessary for the purpose aforesaid by my executor I desire may be sold immediately after my death, and the money arising therefrom after paying my just debts and funeral charges be equally divided between my last mentioned nine children and whenever my land shall be sold as herein before directed, I desire that all the property which may have been kept for the use of my children as aforesaid be sold and the money be equally divided between the aforesaid nine children to-wit: Mary, Jacob, Peggy, Rachel, Sarah, Anna, Letty, Betsy , and Frederick Styrus. Fifth, it is my will and desire that my son Isaac together with my children who now live with me, still continue to live on the plantation as usual and farm the same as they now do until my plantation be sold as I have before directed and the proceeds thereof be enjoyed in common as usual – I also desire my debts and funeral expenses to be paid out of the money arising from the sale of my personal property which may be directed to be sold by my executor Lastly, I do hereby constitute and appoint Richard Shanklin executor of my last will and testament, hereby revoking all other wills by me made and declaring this only to be my true last will and testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 30th day of November 1824. Signed, sealed and ackd. in presence of Charles Keenan, George Whitcomb, and Jno. Hutchinson, Jr. (Frederick signed by mark). At Monroe Court, December 1824: This last will and testament of Frederick Honiker dec. was presented in Court and proved by the oath of John Hutchinson, Jr. a subscribing witness thereto and the same is continued for further proof. At Monroe Co., Court, 1825: The last will and testament of Frederick Honiker decd. was further proved by the oaths of Charles Keenan and Geo. Whitcomb two of the subscribing witnesses thereto whereupon the same is ordered to be recorded. (It appearing to the satisfaction of the Court that Richard Shanklin, executor named therein refused to take upon himself the execution thereof and thereupon Hugh Caperton is appointed Admr. with the will annexed, who came into Court and made oath and together with Richard Shanklin his security entered into and acknowledged bond in the penalty of One Thousand dollars, conditioned as the law directed, certificate for attaining probate thereof in due form is granted him.
Before the appraisement of the personal estate of Frederick HONAKER on 18 January 1825, his daughter Rachel HONAKER married Elijah WOOD on 4 January 1825 in Nicholas County. His daughter Letty died soon after him and later in the year his daughters Sarah and Anna married. His son Frederick Styrus had a guardian, Henry Alexander, and boarded with his sister Anna and her husband Owen DUFFY in 1825.
Frederick’s parents-in-law Isaac and Elizabeth WISEMAN are buried in the church cemetery. Frederick and Rachel’s burial place are not known but must have been nearby, maybe among the many unmarked graves surrounding Old Rehoboth Church. In 1988 the Honaker Family Association placed veterans’ memorial markers in the church cemetery for Frederick and his son Jacob beside the marked grave of Jacob’s son John B. I don’t have a photo of the marker and have not yet received permission to use the photo seen on Find A Grave Memorial# 12277437.
Sources:  Nadine W. Larson, Hans Jacob Honaker-From Switzerland to America, (1987, 249 pgs)  Frieda Patrick Davison, Editor, Honaker Family in America, (Gateway Press, Inc., Baltimore, MD, Copyright 1998 by The National Association of Hans Jacob Honaker Families)  Virginius Dabney, Virginia – the New Dominion, (Doubleday & Co., New York, 1971)  Howard L., Leckey, The Tenmile County and Its Pioneer Families, A Genealogical History of the Upper Monongahela Valley, (Apollo, PA: Closson, Press, 1993)  Honaker Family Newsletter, National Association of Hans Jacob Honaker Families, Inc., misc. issues (2000-2014).
You’ve got to love an ancestor who leaves evidence of who her parents were! In 1800 my 4th great-grandfather William WOOD wanted to hitch up with Mary Ann McGRAW. But Mary Ann wasn’t old enough and had to have her parents’ permission to tie the knot.
June the 2 Sir, this coms to let you now that I Marten and Marget Mcgraw is willing that William Wood should have our daughter Mary Ann To John Hutchason (Clerk) The above was sworn to by John Wood one of the witnesses present
And so it came to be that Martin and Margaret McGRAW, my 5th great-grandparents, gave permission for their daughter, my 4th great-grandmother, Mary Ann McGRAW to marry William WOOD, my 4th great-grandfather. This took place in the newly formed county of Monroe formerly part of Greenbrier County.
Know all men by these presents that we William Wood and John Wood are held & firmly Bound unto James Monroe Esq. governor or Chief Majestrate of the Commonwealth of Virg. in the Sum of one hundred and fifty Dollars, with Condition that there is no lawful cause to obstruct a marriage intended to be Solemnized between the above named William Wood & Mary Anne McGraw, Both of this County of Monroe, then this obligation to be Void, otherwise to be & remain in full force and Virtue – Sealed with our Seals & dated this third day of June one thousand Eight hundred. Attest. William Wood John Hutchison, Clk. John Wood
John WOOD, one of the witnesses present when permission was given by Martin and Margaret McGRAW, went bond with William WOOD of Monroe on William’s marriage to Mary Ann McGRAW of Monroe on Tuesday the 3rd of June 1800 in Monroe County, Virginia.
Two weeks later on Wednesday, the 18th day of June, Rev. John ALDERSON Jr. solomnized the marriage of William and Mary Ann.
The WOOD family and Rev. John ALDERSON Jr. knew each other well. Bailey WOOD, William’s father, had been one of the original 12 Baptists who organized the Old Greenbrier Baptist Church.
On the 130th anniversary of the founding of the Old Greenbrier Baptist Church, Rev. Robert B. McDanel preached on Sunday morning, November 26, 1911, of the brave little band of twelve members with sturdy convictions whose “names are surely immortal.” He also shared the following about the membership:
In those early years the membership was scattered over a wide extent of territory. It is recorded in the minutes, July 26, 1788, that those who lived nigh were required to attend the services once a month. Those who lived within fifteen miles must come once a quarter, and those at further distance once a year.
As part of the second night of celebration of the 200th annual session of the Greenbrier Baptist Association held in Alderson, West Virginia in July 2000, Rev. Jon Jennings portrayed Rev. John Alderson Jr. in a historical overview of the establishment of the Greenbrier Baptist Association and the Old Greenbrier Baptist Church. His monologue included the following:
So, for four years I continued this struggle as a traveling preacher, until November 24, 1781, we gathered together, 12 faithful Baptists and organized the Greenbrier Baptist Church. (Let me see if I can recall the names: Myself, and my wife, Mary, and Thomas Alderson; then John Kippers, John Shepherd, then there was John, Katherine, Joseph and Lucy Scaggs, and the Woods family: Bailey and Ann, and James Woods).
Siblings of Mary Ann McGRAW
To make the following list I studied the tax lists submitted by Julie McGrew-Ayres; the early marriages in the Greenbrier, Monroe, Kanawha, Nicholas, Fayette counties area; and the pre-1850 as well as later censuses – with all persons named.
Sib 1: Anthony (1775-1814) born abt. 1775 Pennsylvania
Sib 2: John (1776- ) born abt. 1776 Pennsylvania
Sib 4: Martin (1785-1858) born 1785 Pennsylvania
Sib 5: William (1788- ) born abt. 1788
Sib 6: Elender (1788-1845) born abt. 1788
Sib 7: Samuel (1792-1874) born abt. 1792 (West) Virginia
Sib 8: Henry (1797-1873) born abt. 1797 (West) Virginia
Sib 9: Thomas M. (1799-1855) born 9 Feb 1799 (West) Virginia
The marriage of William WOOD and Mary Ann McGRAW was the only one of the following which had a bond showing her parents to be Martin and Margaret McGRAW. Thomas McGRAW’s wife Catharine gave the names of his parents as Martin and Margaret McGRAW on his 1855 death record [line 68].
I believe that all of these McGRAWs were children of Martin and Margaret EXCEPT for William McGraw who married Elizabeth Gill. This William was a grandson through their son Anthony.
Parents of Mary Ann McGRAW
After studying the possible children of Martin and Margaret McGRAW I believe that the estimated years of birth seen for the couple on nearly all online gedcom files need to be revised.
Martin: He was most likely 21 or older when he married. Anthony, the oldest known child, was born abt. 1775. If he was the first child and born within a year of the marriage Martin and Margaret might have been married about 1774 or earlier. Martin would therefore have been born about 1753 or earlier. Martin was last seen on tax lists in 1805 and Margaret was first seen on them in 1810. Martin died after 1805 and before 1810.
Margaret: In 1820 and 1830 her son Henry McGRAW had an older woman living in his household. In 1820 Henry was not yet married and the woman age 45 or older must be his mother. I believe that the woman aged between 70 and 79 in 1830 is also his mother although it is possible that she could be his mother-in-law or any other older woman. But let’s assume she is Henry’s mother. This range in 1830 would put her birth at between 1751-1760. She would have been between 15-24 when her oldest child Anthony was born. Margaret would therefore have been born between 1751-1760. Margaret died most likely between 1830-1840.
Mary Ann McGRAW was born in Pennsylvania
Mary Ann McGRAW’s brother Martin McGRAW Jr. (1785-1858) married William WOOD’s sister Nancy WOOD by publication of banns on 3 May 1806 in Monroe County. The marriage was solemnized by Rev. John ALDERSON Jr. A marriage by license was more expensive than a marriage by publication of banns. This public notice of an intended marriage had to be published, verbally or by written notice, for three consecutive meetings at the churches of the bride and groom making the waiting time longer than with a license.
Was there a reason that the couple would marry “by banns” in 1806? Martin McGRAW Sr., as mentioned previously, was last seen on the Greenbrier tax lists in 1805 which may suggest that he was deceased when his son Martin Jr. married. Could he not afford a marriage license?
Martin Jr. lived long enough to be enumerated on the 1850 census. We rely on the census for valuable pieces of information concerning our ancestors however the information is only as reliable as the person who answered the enumerator’s questions. In the case of Martin Jr. no ages were listed for any of the persons in his household in 1850. However their places of birth were included; Martin Jr. was born in Pennsylvania. As Mary Ann was his older sister it is very likely that she was also born in Pennsylvania. Martin Jr.’s War of 1812 pension papers may have more information on his place of birth.
Children of Mary Ann McGRAW and William WOOD
In 1810 Mary Ann and her husband William WOOD were enumerated next door to her brother Martin McGRAW and her father-in-law Bailey WOOD. By 1810 Mary Ann had given birth to 5 children. Four would follow in the next 14 years.
Ch 1: Enoch J. (1801-aft. 1870) born about 1801 in Monroe
Ch 2: Margaret “Peggy” (1801-1856) born about 1801 in Monroe
Ch 3: [–?–] (1804- ?) female born bet. 1804-1809 in Monroe
Ch 4: Elijah (1806-1885) born about 1806 in Monroe
Ch 5: Amos (1807-1845) born about 1807 in Monroe
Ch 6: Allen (1814-1862) born about 1814 in Monroe
Ch 7: Bailey (1816-?) born bet. 1816-1819 in Monroe or Nicholas
Ch 8: [–?–] (1816-?) female born bet. 1816-1819 in Monroe or Nicholas
Ch 9: Mary Ann “Polly” (1824-aft. 1900) born 5 Jun 1824 in Nicholas County
Following the birth of her last child Mary Ann’s children began to marry:
These six children gave Mary Ann and William WOOD 47 grandchildren and close to 200 great-grandchildren. I do not have all great-grandchildren as I have only recently begun research on Peggy and Thomas WITHROW.
Mary Ann’s husband William WOOD died in September 1835 in Fayette County. Her sons Elijah and Amos were the administrators of William’s estate. It’s possible that Mary Ann was in Amos’ household in 1840. He may have taken on the responsibility of caring for his widowed mother as he hadn’t been married as long as Elijah and didn’t have as many dependents.
1840 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
1 male 5 & under 10 yo (Felix)
1 male 20 & under 30 yo (Amos)
2 females under 5 yo (Virginia and Matilda)
1 female 20 & under 30 yo (Susan)
1 female 40 & under 50 yo (poss. Mary Ann Wood)
Following the 1840 census there were several deaths in the family. Amos WOOD died leaving a will dated 24 May 1845 which was presented in open court in June 1845. Although he provided for his 5 children he did not mention his wife Susan who must have predeceased him. Mary Ann’s son Bailey, who was last seen in the 1840 census, may also have died during this time period.
Mary Ann was not enumerated in the 1850 census and therefore may have died during the 1840 decade. Although many have her date and place of death as abt. 1845 in Nicholas County, I believe that she died in the 1840s in Fayette County, where she lived her married life.
On the anniversary of Mary Ann McGRAW and William WOOD’s 100th wedding anniversary only one of their children was still living. Mary Ann “Polly” WOOD and her husband Martin HESS, married 56 years, were living on the south side of Mountain Cove District in Fayette County. [line 50 and lines 51-52]
I’m starting a new generation of paternal ancestors with my 4th great-grandfather William WOOD. This generation has 23 known of a possible 32 individuals. They will take me to the end of the year and the end of this challenge.
52 Ancestors: #30 William WOOD died 1835 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia
During the early years of the American Revolutionary War (19 Apr 1775-14 Jan 1784) my 4th great-grandfather William WOOD (b. abt. 1776-1779) was born in Greenbrier County, Virginia, to Bailey WOOD (d. 1826) and his wife Nancy (d. aft. 1826). As no date is known I calculated the range for his birth using the year of his marriage and the age groups that he was enumerated in for the 1810 through 1830 census:
1800 age 21 or older at time of marriage->->->born 1779 or earlier
1810 age group 26-44 (i.e. 31-44)->->->->->->born bet. 1766-1779
1820 age group 26-44 (i.e. 41-44)->->->->->->born bet. 1766-1779
1830 age group 50-59 (i.e. 51-54)->->->->->->born bet. 1776-1779
Several family historians list William WOOD as William Hicks WOOD. I haven’t found documentation that shows a middle name or even a middle initial. Recent discussions with other researchers nearly convinced me that Nancy was the daughter of Joseph HICKS (aka HIX) and Melvina COLE. However I found an old post on genforum post from October 2006 by Kitty Steele Barrera in which she wrote, “I know that the Nancy Hicks/Bailey Wood connection is tentative because I was the first to make the connection. I posted “Bailey Wood married Nancy Hicks?” and before long, it was all over the internet as a fact.” Kitty mentioned in another message in the same forum that she can be blamed for starting the rumor and the Hicks part is pure speculation.
For now I would like to emphasizethat William WOOD (no middle name or initial) was the son of Bailey WOOD and his wife Nancy (no maiden name). As with all brick walls further research is needed to prove the Wood to Hicks connection. I’m open to discussions and/or suggestions on the subject.
William WOOD’s father died before 21 September 1826 as an indenture with that date mentions the heirs and legal representatives of Bailey WOOD, deceased, as well as Nancy WOOD, his widow. It begins as follows:
This indenture made the 21st day of September one thousand and eight hundred and twenty six between James Wood and Polly his wife, Bailey Wood and Lucertia his wife, William Wood and Mary his wife, Richard Skaggs and Susannah his wife, Martin McGraw and Nancy his wife, Samuel McGraw and Elizabeth his wife, Katherine Wood, heirs and legal representatives of Bailey Wood, deceased, and Nancy Wood widow of Bailey Wood, deceased, of the county of Nicholas and state of Virginia of the one part…. [Source: Fox, Vernon A. Nicholas County, (West) Virginia Land Deed. Heirs of Bailey Wood to John Alderson. 21 September 1826. e-mail. May 31, 2001].
From this we can “assume” that the following individuals were Bailey’s children:
Lyle Lemasters, who has done an immense amount of work on the WOOD family, suggested that heirs does not neccessarily mean children of the deceased. Heirs could also have been grandchildren. Bailey’s sons James and Bailey Jr. both had daughters named Catherine. Katherine may have been a daughter or a granddaughter (daughter of a deceased son) as the name ran in the family. She may be the Catherine WOOD (born bet. 1794-1800) seen in the 1850 and 1860 census with a younger James C. WOOD (b. bet. 1823-1830). Neither have been located after 1860.
In June 1800 Martin and Margaret McGRAW gave permission for their daughter Mary Ann to marry William WOOD.
On the 3rd of June 1800 William WOOD and John WOOD went bond on the marriage of William WOOD and Mary Ann McGRAW in Monroe County, (West) Virginia.
Who was John WOOD who witnessed the permission slip and went bond with William WOOD when he married Mary Ann McGRAW? John WOOD and Stephen WOOD were in the same area as William in 1820. Could he have been an older brother?
William and Mary Ann were married by Rev. John Alderson on the 18th of June 1800.
Six months after his marriage on 16 January 1801 William was granted 109 acres in the Valley and on Peters Mountain adjoining his own land called the Cave Survey &c in Greenbrier County. [Source: Land Office Grants No. 46, 1797-1801, p. 624-625 (Reel 112)]
On 21 February 1809 David GRAHAM sold to William WOOD 214 acres for $1.00 on Hunget Creek adj. Henry Bank’s surveys. [Source: “Monroe Co., WV Abstracts” by Larry G. Shuck]
As the amount of land he owned grew, so did the family of William and Mary Ann:
Enoch J. abt. 1801
Margaret “Peggy” abt. 1801
[–?–] (female) bet. 1804-1809
Elijah abt. 1806
Amos abt. 1807
Allen abt. 1814
Bailey bet. 1816-1819
[–?–] (female) bet. 1816-1819
Mary Ann “Polly” 5 June 1824
1810 U.S. Federal Census
Monroe County, (West) Virginia
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 2 (Elijah 4 and Amos 3)
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 15: 1 (Enoch 9)
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44 : 1 (William 33)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 2 (Margaret 9 and [–?–] <10)
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44: 1 (wife, Mary Ann)
Number of Household Members Under 16: 5
Number of Household Members Over 25: 2
Number of Household Members: 7
On 9 September 1812 William WOOD, grantee, received 200 acres: 1) 100 acres on the Trace Fork of Mud River adjoining and above a survey made for John McCalister called the Bridge Creek Survey in Kanawha County [Land Office Grants No. 63, 1812-1813, p. 195 (Reel 129)] and 2) 100 acres on Bryans Fork of Browns Creek in Kanawha [Land Office Grants No. 63, 1812-1813, p. 196 (Reel 129)]
1820 U.S. Federal Census
Nicholas County, (West) Virginia
William Wood (pg. 205)
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 3 (Bailey, Allen, and ?)
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 15: 2 (Elijah 14 and Amos 13)
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44 : 1 (William 43)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: ([–?–] <5)
Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25: ([–?–] 16-19)
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44 : 1 (wife, Mary Ann)
Note: On same sheet are Bailey, Stephen and John!!!
On 22 March 1822 William WOOD was granted 50 acres on the waters of New River in Nicholas County. [Land Office Grants No. 71, 1822-1824, p. 47 (Reel 137)]
A little over seven months later, on 1 November 1822 William WOOD, James SKAGGS and Samuel WISEMAN were granted 75 acres on the Sugar Camp Creek a south branch of Gauley River in Nicholas County. [Land Office Grants No. 71, 1822-1824, p. 408 (Reel 137)]
By this time William had acquired nearly 650 acres of land. Did he still own all of it or did he sell some or give parcels to his children?
Six months after the birth of his youngest child Mary Ann, William’s son Elijah WOOD married Rachel HONAKER (1804-1860) on 4 January 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia.
A year later William’s father Bailey WOOD was dead. We do not know when he died but his legal heirs sold his land on 21 September 1826 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia to John ALDERSON. William’s mother Nancy was still living; it is not known when she died.
At about the same time two more of William’s children married: 1) Margaret “Peggy” WOOD married Thomas WITHROW (1806-1880) on 12 October 1826 in Nicholas County and 2) Enoch J. WOOD married Margaret JOHSON (1800-1850) bef. 1827.
I had a hard time with the 1830 census. In the early days I’d found an abstract of the census 1830 by Neva Jane Stout Bryant. The numbers for William WOOD fit the family group. However when I checked ancestry.com years later I found that their abstract did not match Neva’s and the image was not legible enough to see which was correct. Last week I checked the Internet Archive [Caroline tells you how] and found a much better image and was able to get this transcription which was the same as Neva’s:
1830 U.S. Federal Census
Nicholas County, (West) Virginia
William Woods (sic)
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Nicholas, Virginia
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 1 ([–?–])
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14: 1 (Bailey)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (Allen)
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29 : 1 (Amos)
Free White Persons – Males – 50 thru 59: 1 (William)
Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1 (Mary Ann)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 1 ([–?–] 10-14)
Free White Persons – Females – 30 thru 39: 1 ([–?–] 26-35)
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49: 1 (wife, Mary Ann)
Free White Persons – Under 20: 5
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 4
Total Free White Persons: 9
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 9
Proprietors of the Famous Stage Stands
“It is interesting to know the names of the houses and of the proprietors who made famous the great state stands along the James River and Kanawha Turnpike.”
The list includes William WOOD at Dogwood Gap.
[J. T. Peters and H.B. Carden; “History of Fayette County, West Virginia” pg. 135]
1831 Tax Lists
Fayette County, Virginia
June 5, 1831
William WOOD was not moving around from 1800 until this 1831 tax list. The formation of the Virginia counties were at fault that he was seen living in Monroe, Nicholas and finally Fayette County.
Before William’s death in 1835 his sons Amos and Allen married. Amos WOOD married Susan PARRISH (d. bef. 1845) on 12 May 1831 in Nicholas County and Allen WOOD married Elizabeth JOHNSON (1808-1881) on 14 November 1832 in Monroe County.
William WOOD died about September 1835. To date no will has been found. His sons Elijah and Amos were administrators of his estate per the 1836 Bill of Sale found in Fayette County. At the time that William died his son Enoch was living in Ohio. Bailey, Polly, and an unknown daughter may have been under age. His widow Mary and sons Elijah and Amos bought items on his inventory.
The Appraisement Bill of the Estate of Wm Wood decd Fayette County September 14th 1835. In compliance with an order made by the County Court of Fayette at the August term. We Jones McCutcheon, William S. McVey and George Hunter after having been duly sworn by James Skaggs a Justice of the Peace for said County proceeded to appraise the following property, to-wit:
1 table 4.00
1 cutting knife and steel 1.50
1 foot adds .50
1 jug .371/2
1 Hoe and shovel .871/2
1 grindstone .50
2 old sickles .50
300 feet of plank 3.00
1 hoe .371/2
1 pig in the pen 1.00
1 man’s saddle 6.00
1 Books .75
1 pail .25
1 chain log hook and ox yoke 1.75
1 pair hames and chains 1.25
1 half bushel .25
1 wind mill 16.00
1 lot of wheat in the sheaf 10.00
1 lot of oats in the sheaf 75.00
unbroke flax 1.00
1 Barshear plow 5.00
12 head of sheape 10.50
1 yearling heifer 3.50
1 ox 20.00
1 small black bull 8.00
1 cow with a bull 12.00
1 large spotted cow 10.00
1 muly cow 8.00
9 geese 2.25
13 head of hogs 34.00
1 gray filly 35.00
1 bay mare 15.00
2 1/2 acres of corn 8.00
9 acres of corn 20.00
1 calf 1.00
1 mattock 1.25
1 axe 2.00
1 kittle 3.00
1 oven and lid 1.50
1 pot .50
1 oven 1.00
1 tub and churn 1.00
1 barrel and pail .62 1/2
1 shovel plow 1.00
1 pot rack 1.00
1 tub .50
1 woman’s saddle 3.00
1 hand saw 1 auger and two chisels 2.00
1 shovel .50
1 meal sifter .37 1/2
1 rifle gun and shot pouch 10.00
1 big wheel 2.00
1 spinning wheel 1.00
1 clock 15.00
1 press 8.00
1 small chest .25
1 old table .25
1 looking glass .75
1 smoothing iron, blowing horn and strainer .50
1 coffee mill .37 1/2
1 skillet and lid 1.00
1 pot and two pair of hooks 1.00
4 chairs 1.00
1 coffee pot .37 1/2
1 pair cords .37 1/2
1 cooler .25
Cupboard ware 2.75
1 loom 2.00
3 beads and bedding 50.00
1 due bill on Samuel Shawver .75
1 note on John Gwinn Signr. 10.00
1 note on Samuel Withrow 2.25
1 oald ax and tomahawk .25
Chairs and iron wedge .50
James McCutcheon, William S. McVey, George Hunter Appraisers Fayette County Court-The Appraisement Bill of the Estate of William Wood deceased was received in open court and ordered to be recorded. Teste: Hiram Hill cfc.
52 Ancestors: #17
Rachel HONAKER, wife of Elijah WOOD
My 3rd great-grandmother Rachel HONAKER, one of eight children of Frederick HONAKER and his second wife Rachel WISEMAN, was born about 1804 (1850 age 46, 1860 age 56) in Monroe County in Old Virginia, now West Virginia. Besides her two brothers and five sisters, she also had two half-brothers and two half-sisters.
The Honaker Family Association (HFA)
Before I get into how I know that my Rachel HONAKER was the daughter of Frederick and Rachel, I want to introduce you to the National Association of Hans Jacob Honaker Families, Inc.
Which Rachel was the daughter of Frederick HONAKER?
On 24 April 2014 Lyle LeMasters wrote the following to me:
I had a time trying to convince the Honaker Family that [our] Rachel was from this line. Her half and full siblings sold their part of Frederick’s land and she was listed in the deed records right in the middle of the rest of their deeds. The Honaker association finally accepted her as the daughter of Frederick with the deed. It just goes to show not to stay focused on your specific ancestor but the whole group of related or possible relations….. [I underlined for emphasis.]
As he wrote above Lyle was able to clear up part of a mix-up concerning several ladies named Rachel HONAKER in 2001. The HFA considered him the research authority on the WOOD line and wrote the following in their supplement:
“There is mass confusion among Rachels here. Researchers reported that this and two other Rachels married William Brown in Monroe Co., W.Va. The others were this Rachel’s niece, Rachel (Frederick, Jacob) and her cousin Rachel (Jacob). Present evidence is sufficient to determine that this Rachel married Elijah Wood. We are unable to determine now which of the other Rachels married William Brown. To further complicate things, Elijah Wood married, second, Rachel Louisa McGraw prior to the 1870 census.” [Source: The Honaker Family in America, 5 October 2001 Supplement, Chapter 3 – Frederick Honaker]
Even this explanation is confusing as we see two men named Jacob. One of them was Frederick’s brother and the other was Frederick’s son. The brother Jacob left a will in Russell County, Virginia, naming his children [Christeny Jones, wife of John Jones, Nancy Smith, wife of John Smith, Mary Penson, wife of John Penson, Elizabeth May, wife of John May] but no daughter named Rachel, single or married to William Brown. I believe that the elder Jacob was confused with Frederick’s oldest son Jacob who had daughter named Rachel. But we are interested in Frederick’s daughter Rachel who married Elijah WOOD.
Rachel’s father Frederick HONAKER left a will (images 149 and 150) naming all of his children, several being under age. He wrote his will on 20 [or 30] November 1824. It was presented in December Court 1824 and proven in January Court 1825. Rachel married Elijah WOOD on 4 January 1825 [line 6]. The following month Elijah and Rachel WOOD sold her part of her father’s estate as seen in:
Monroe County, (West) Virginia Deed References: 1825 Elijah & Rachel Wood to Andrew and George Beirne Deed Bk H pg 218
Description says land only.
Rachel Honaker Wood’s brother Jacob sells land in 1825 to Andrew and George Beirne in Deed Bk H pg 219 Int Frederick Honiker Land
This Indenture made this 21st day of February 1825 between Elijah Wood and Rachel his wife late Rachel Honiker of the one part and Andrew & George Beirne & Co of the other part the first named parties of the County of Nicholas and latter of the County of Monroe each of the state of Virginia Witnesseth that the said Elijah ?(middle initial can’t make it out) Wood and Rachel his wife for and in consideration of the sum of one dollar in hand paid by the said Andrew and George Beirne & Co on or before the delivering of these presents the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged have granted bargained and sold and by these presents do grant sell and convey unto the said Andrew and George Beirne & Co their heirs and assigns forever all that part or parcel of land lying and being in the said County of Monroe which was devised to the said Rachel Wood formerly Honiker by the will of said Frederick Honiker decd be the same more or less with such appurtenances as may be thereunto belonging & at the same time subject to such restrictions as are mentioned in the will aforesaid and the said Elijah Wood & Rachel his wife for themselves and heirs do covenant with the said Andrew & George Beirne & Co and their heirs the land with its appurtenances aforesaid from themselves & their heirs & from all other person or persons whatever to the said Andrew & George Beirne & Co & their heirs or assigns will warrant and forever defend.
In witness whereof the said Elijah Wood & Rachel his wife have hereunto set their hands and seals the day & year first written. Elijah Wood seal Rachel her x mark Wood
Monroe County Clerks Office 22nd Feb 1825 This deed of bargain and sale from Elijah Wood and Rachel his wife to Andrew & George Beirne & Co was acknowledged before the Clerk and the same is admitted to be recorded. Teste Isaac Hutchinson C.M.C.
This proves that Rachel HONAKER who married Elijah WOOD was the daughter of Frederick HONAKER. I don’t have a copy of this deed which Lyle LeMasters found and transcribed helping him to have the mixup corrected in The Honaker Family in America. On my wish list: copies of the entire batch of deeds that pertain to Frederick HONAKER’s estate.
Rachel’s life as a wife and mother
In twenty years, from 1825 to 1845, Rachel gave birth to eleven known children. By 1830 she had a son Allen Alexander and three daughters, Amanda Jane, Sarah Ann, and Mary Salinas. Two sons, James Simpson and Elijah Stuart, and three daughters, Turze Lucresia, Nancy E. and Rebecca Ann, brought the number of children up to nine in 1840. In the 1850 census we see two more sons, William Frederick and Lewis L. All have been documented as seen in Elijah’s story.
According to the 1850 census, unlike her husband Elijah who would become Justice of the Peace from 1852-1858, Rachel could not read & write.
Rachel was last seen in the 1860 census. She died sometime during the 1860s decade as Elijah is seen with his second wife Rachel Louisa McGRAW in the 1870 census. Unless the Elijah WOOD family kept a family bible that was passed on to an unknown descendant, we will probably never know exactly when Rachel died as many records during this era were lost due to the Civil War.
In my research I’ve found 71 grandchildren, 276 great-grandchildren….and still counting.
Please don’t hesitate to submit corrections, additions, or comments. They are always welcome!
New generation — 3rd great-grandparents — 8 sets on my paternal line, one set is unknown. This will get me through another 14 weeks!
52 Ancestors: #16 Elijah WOOD abt. 1806-1885
I’ve never thought of Elijah WOOD as being a brick wall. While preparing his story I realized that I don’t have anything that shows [or proves] that my 3rd great-grandfather was the son of William WOOD (1777-1835) and Mary Ann McGRAW (1781-1845).
1825 – First Record Found for Elijah WOOD
Elijah WOOD and Rachel HONAKER were married by John CAMPBELL on 4 January 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia. The entry in the marriage register does not give the names of the bride and groom’s parents. [line 6]
Elijah and Rachel had 4 children by the time the 1830 census was taken: Allen Alexander (1825-aft.1900), Amanda Jane (1826-aft. 1885), Sarah Ann (1827-1887), and Mary Salinas (1829-bef. Aug 1901).
1830 U.S. Federal Census
Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia
Enumerated as of 1 June 1830
Sheet No. 209A&B
1 male under 5 yo (Allen Alexander)
1 male 20 & under 30 yo (Elijah)
3 females under 5 yo (Amanda Jane, Sarah Ann, Mary Salinas)
1 female 20 & under 30 yo (Rachel)
6 person in household
On the 2nd day of October 1835 Elijah and Amos WOOD were administrators at the sale of the personal property of William WOOD. At the sale, Elijah bought one foot adz, plank per hundred, one stone hammer, one shovel, and one mooly (sic, muley) bull.
Elijah and his wife had 5 more children by the time the 1840 census was enumerated: Turze Lucresia “Turzey” (1832-bet. 1885-1888), James Simpson (1833-1887), Nancy E. (1835-1898), Elijah Stuart “Sty” (1836-1921), and Rebecca Ann (1840-1866).
1840 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
Enumerated as of 1 June 1840
Sheet No. 149A&B
2 males under 5 yo (James Simpson, Elijah Stuart)
1 male 10 & under 15 yo (Allen Alexander)
1 male 30 & under 40 yo (Elijah)
2 females under 5 yo (Nancy E., Rebecca Ann)
1 female 5 & under 10 yo (Turze Lucresia)
3 females 10 & under 15 yo (Sarah Ann, Amanda Jane, Mary Salinas)
1 female 30 & under 40 yo (Rachel)
11 persons in household
2 persons engaged in agriculture
Shirley Donnelly wrote a column published in the Beckley Post-Herald (West Virginia) entitled “Yesterday and Today”. On 28 April 1975 his article “River Towns Full of History” included the following about land in the Lansing area that Elijah WOOD sold in 1841 [this needs to be researched; 11/26/1858 Elijah Wood to Eliza A. Townsend Bk E pg 282 Nr Chestnutburg – this deed may reference back to the 1841 land sale]:
“Lansing….is an old Fayette County settlement. It is located on the Chestnutburg road that runs out of Ansted and into the Edmond community. It is near where the high bridge is now under construction over New River Gorge. The land at Lansing was first owned by Elijah Wood of the Ansted area. Wood sold some of his land in the Lansing section to John Townsend in 1841.”
In 1845 Amos WOOD wrote his last will and testament and named his brothers Elijah and Allen as executors. The handwritten pages 107-110 in the Book of Wills, where Amos’ will would be found, are missing however this collection of records was also typed up at one time and added to the back of the will book.
Elijah and his wife had their two youngest children in the 1840s: William Frederick (1842-1916) and Lewis L. (1845-bef. 1885). Their three oldest daughters married: Amanda Jane married Joshua J. PARRISH on 1 June 1843; Sarah Ann married William A. W. DEMPSEY abt. 1845; and Mary Salinas married George A. McGRAW on 1 June 1850.
His oldest son Allen Alexander was working as a blacksmith in Greenbrier County in 1850.
1850 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
The 14th District, Sheet 337A
Enumerated by me on the 26th day of July, 1850. T. B. Hamilton, Ass’t Marshal.
Elijah Wood 43 M Farmer $700 Virginia
Rachel Wood 46 F Virginia cannot read & write
Turze Wood 18 F Virginia attended school
Simpson Wood 17 M Laborer Virginia attended school
Nancy Wood 15 F Virginia attended school
E. S. Wood 13 M Virginia attended school
Ann E. Wood 11 F Virginia attended school
Wm. Wood 8 M Virginia
Lewis Wood 5 M Virginia
During the 1850s six of Elijah’s children married: Allen Alexander married Margaret Ann HOOVER on 12 February 1851; Turze Lucresia “Turzey” married John H. NEAL in 1854; Rebecca Ann married William W. RYAN on 25 December 1855; James Simpson married Ellen E. ALEXANDER on 1 Jun 1856; Nancy E. married Charles B. JOHNSON on 11 December 1856; and Elijah Stuart “Sty” married Margaret Virginia TOWNSEND before 1860.
Elijah WOOD was a Justice of the Peace in Fayette County as seen in the following bonds:
6/10/1852 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 332
6/15/1854 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 539
6/12/1856 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 713
[Source: Lyle LeMasters, per email 21 April 2014]
This left Elijah and his wife with only their two youngest sons living at home and attending school in 1860.
1860 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
District No. 2, Page No. 11
Enumerated by me on the 11th day of June, 1860. P. Morton, Ass’t Marshal.
Fayetteville Post Office, Sheet No. 321
Elijah Wood 53 M Farmer $2500 $500 Virginia
Rachel Wood 56 F Virginia
William Wood 18 M Farm Laborer Virginia attended school
Lewis L. Wood 15 M Farm Laborer Virginia attended school
There were several deaths in the family in the 1860s: Elijah’s wife Rachel HONAKER died during the decade, his daughter Rebecca Ann died 19 March 1866, and his sons-in-law, William A. W. DEMPSEY died about 1867 and George A. McGRAW about 1868.
Elijah’s son William Frederick married Martha Ann HESS on 4 February 1864. Elijah remarried before the 1870 census however no marriage record has been found for Rachel Louisa McGRAW and Elijah WOOD.
After the death of Elijah’s son-in-law William A. W. DEMPSEY, his widowed daughter Sarah Ann had to put her children in the care of her siblings and father. Elijah took in Eunice and John DEMPSEY.
1870 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
Mountain Cove Township, Page No. 99
Enumerated by me on the 14th day of July 1870. Wm. T. Lowry, Ass’t Marshal.
Fayetteville Post Office, Sheet No. 144A
Wood, Elijah 63 M W Farmer $1300 $350 Virginia male US citizen over 21 yo
Wood, Rachael L. 45 F W Keeping House Virginia
Dempsey, Unis 14 F W At Home Virginia
Dempsey, John 12 M W Farm Laborer Virginia
Two of Elijah’s daughters, both widowed, remarried in the 1870s. Mary Salinas married Michael Price ARBAUGH on 26 Apr 1871 and, following his death, she married Milton SIMS on 4 February 1876. Her sister Sarah Ann had planned to marry James R. REID (a marriage license was taken out on 27 November 1872 but not used) and seven weeks later married John M. FOX, a widower, on 14 January 1873.
By 1880 Elijah’s granddaughter Eunice DEMPSEY who had been living with her grandfather in 1870 had married. His grandsons John and Elijah DEMPSEY were living with him in 1880.
Also in his household was his mother-in-law Polly McGRAW. Her presence in his household has been very helpful in proving that Elijah was married twice. The age difference in the 1870 and 1880 census as compared to the 1850 and 1860 for Elijah’s wife Rachel/Rachel L. suggested that Elijah was married twice – both ladies being named Rachel. Earlier census listings for Polly McGRAW show that she was the mother of Rachel Louisa McGRAW.
1880 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
Mountain Cove, Page No. 21
Enumerated by me on the 10th day of June 1880. W. C. Miller, enumerator.
Enumeration District No. 30, Sheet No. 104A
Wood, Elijah W M 73 Farmer WV WV WV
Wood, Rachel L. W F 54 wife married Keeping house WV WV VA Wife
Dempsey, Elijah W M 17 laborer single Farm laborer WV WV WV
Dempsey, Jno H. W M 22 laborer single Works in coal yard WV WV WV
McGraw, Polly W F 72 mother-in-law widowed Keeping house WV WV WV
1885 – Elijah WOOD left a last will and testament!
Page 7 (right page) Last Will and Testament of Elijah Wood Decd I Elijah Wood in the name of God Amen do make and publish this as my last Will and Testament. First: I direct that I shall be buried in a suitable manner in accordance with my station in life. Second: I will and bequeath to my beloved wife Rachel Louisa the home place where I now live during her natural life, should she prefer that the place be sold she is to receive one third of the proceeds of sale or so much thereof as she may need for support. I also give to her one cow of her choice, one hog of her choice, one bed and my kitchen furniture. I also give to her interest on four hundred dollars of my personal estate or more if she should need it during her life. Third: I give and bequeath to my grandson John H. Dempsey my farm situate on horse shoe Creek Consisting of two tracts containing Sixty acres more or less and he is charged with the payment of one hundred Dollars to be paid to the rest of my heirs but it is my wish and I direct that he shall not be oppressed in the payment of said one hundred dollars. $100.00 Fourth: I give and bequeath to my grandson Elijah Lewis Dempsey one hundred dollars to be paid out of my personal estate. Fifth: I give and bequeath to my granddaughter Jerusha Rogers the sum of fifty dollars to be paid out of my personal estate.. Sixth: I will and bequeath all the rest of my estate to my nine living children Viz Allen A. Wood, Amanda J. Parrish, Sarah A. Fox, Mary Salina Sims, Tersey Lucresia Neal, James S. Wood and Nancy E. Johnston, Elijah S. Wood, W. F. Wood and I do make them the residuary legatees of my estate to them equally portion and portion alike. Seventh: I do appoint and constitute G. W. Imboden and James Simpson Wood my son as the executors of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all former wills by me made. Given under my hand and seal this 14th day of March ad 1885 Elijah Wood seal
Page 8 (left page) We the subscribing witnesses have this day witnessed the foregoing will signed and declared by Elijah Wood as his Will and in his presence and signed in the presence of each of us and we have signed in the presence of each other this 14th day of March 1885. Allen McGraw George L. McClung G. W. Imboden
In the office of the clerk of the county Court of Fayette County West Virginia September 23, 1885. This day the last Will and Testament of Elijah Wood late of this county deceased was presented and offered for probate by James Simpson Wood one of the Executors named in said will and after having upon oath the evidence of Allen McGraw, George L. McClung and G. W. Imboden the three subscribing witnesses thereto as to the signature of said Elijah Wood deceased to said will and the genuineness of the same. It is ordered that the said will be and the same is hereby admitted to record. And whereas the said G. W. Imboden the other executor named in said will refused to qualify as such executor the said James Simpson Wood Executor appointed and named as aforesaid Appeared and took the oath required by law and together with J. A. Taylor and F. M. McClung his surety entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty of six thousand dollars conditional according to law And on motion of the said James Simpson Wood Executor as aforesaid, Wm Deitz, Franklin Hess, and Wm Martin are hereby appointed appraisers to appraise the personal estate of the said Elijah Wood deceased and report to this office according to law. Teste: E B Hawkins Clerk Fayette County Court Clerks Office September 23rd 1885 The foregoing will was this day presented in my office proved by the oaths of the subscribing witnesses thereto and admitted.
Elijah named his nine living children: Allen A. Wood, Amanda J. Parrish, Sarah A. Fox, Mary Salina Sims, Tersey Lucresia Neal, James S. Wood and Nancy E. Johnston, Elijah S. Wood, W. F. Wood. His daughter Rebecca Ann had died in 1866 and son Lewis L. may have died between 1860-1885. No trace of him was found after the 1860 census. I believe it can be assumed that Lewis predeceased his father as he is not listed as one of the living children.
Elijah made bequeaths to John and Elijah Lewis DEMPSEY, sons of his daughter Sarah Ann, and to Jerusha ROGERS, daughter of his deceased daughter Rebecca Ann.
Elijah’s death record
Elijah WOOD, a white male farmer, died on 10 September 1885 in Fayette County, West Virginia. The cause of death was “hemorrhage”. His widow Rachel L. Wood, the informant, did not give the names of his parents. [entry 73]
Getting back to his parentage
Unfortunately WOOD is a common surname in Old Virginia. I need to analyze the pre-1850 census listings for Greenbrier, Monroe, Nicholas, and Fayette counties for WOOD and WOODS. The county lines were changing as new counties were being formed in Old Virginia. Woodville, now known as Ansted, once part of Greenbrier County, fell to Monroe County in 1799, to Nicholas County in 1818 and finally to Fayette County in 1831 as the counties were formed. Image quality of the census has gotten better over the last dozen or so years and I am finding some errors in work I previously did on the census. I believe that by taking a new look, maybe even starting from scratch, could help. This project will be discussed in a later post.
I put out some feelers to see if other descendants [of Elijah WOOD; William WOOD, believed to be his father; or Bailey WOOD Sr., believed to be his grandfather] may have some keys that will help unlock and push open the door in this brick wall!
Lyle LeMasters’ work has been used as a guide by many descendants of the WOOD families in the Fayette County, West Virginia, area. He did early census work and searched for land records, wills, etc. I am happy to say that he replied right away:
Hello Cathy nice to talk to you again. There is no 100 percent proof without a will and all of the children or surviving grandchildren of a child being named. Elijah and 2 brothers being named in relationship as you stated is proof but still does not establish their parents without one of them having a death record naming their parents. The same goes for Bailey Wood Sr. and some of his children selling land in a deed as their part of Bailey Wood Sr.’s estate. This is not 100 percent proof but they would have to be heirs or entitled to sell the land. No will for Bailey Wood Sr. was found to date to establish his children. Considering they were the only Wood family in that area while the others were using Woods helps but it is not 100 percent proof. The Bailey Wood Sr. land grants and the land sold also help prove a possible relationship of his heirs but not 100 percent.
And so the research to prove the parentage of Elijah WOOD continues.