52 Ancestors: #25 A Family on Two Continents

Michael GRASSER (1772-1821)

Michael GRASSER was born on 8 July 1772 in Moestroff, Canton Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. He was the son of Nicolas GRASSER vulgo REUTERS and Elisabetha WINANDY. Michael was the oldest of eight children born as follows: Michael 8 July 1772, Maria Margaretha 3 April 1774, Michael 24 February 1776, Susanna 26 September 1777, Wilhelm 11 February 1780, Joannes 26 October 1782, Mathias 12 November 1784 (d. 5 March 1785), and Philippe 24 July 1786. Baptismal records were found for all of these children. Their father was often referred to as Nicolas GRASSER vulgo REUTERS.

1772 Baptismal Record for Michäel GRASSER [1]
Michael’s baptismal record was more revealing. The priest wrote:

Nicolai et Elisabetha Grasser conjugum in aedibus Reuters x Moestroff

This indicated the parents were a married couple who lived in a house known as Reuters in Moestroff. Reuters was their house name but the family would keep the GRASSER surname.

Elisabetha HOSCHEID (1772-1831)

Michael married Elisabetha HOSCHEID, daughter of Léonard HOSCHEID and Marie REULAND, on 20 January 1796 in Bettendorf, Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Elisabetha was born about 1772 in Brandenbourg.

Elisabetha’s family lived in Brandenbourg. This parish’s records are lacking and those which are included are out of order. I have not gone through them to find her parents’ family group. However, it is interesting that both her parents’ surnames are also names of town in Luxembourg. HOSCHEID variations are Hoscheit, Hoschet, Hoschette, Houschette; REULAND variations are Reiland, Reyland. Both names may have originated from town names. Did their families originally come from Hoscheid and Reuland? This thought went through my mind as I was climbing the hill up to Reuland, a village in the commune of Heffingen in central Luxembourg, yesterday on my bike. This was the view we were rewarded with after riding through the village to the top of the hill.

A field outside of Reuland on the way to Heffingen

Elisabeth and Michael marry in 1796

1796 M;arriage Record of Michael GRASSER and Elisabetha “HOSCHET” or HOSCHEID

Michael married Elisabetha on 20 January 1796 in Bettendorf. The marriage index card gives 2 January 1796 but the record clearly is for the 20th. More interesting is the name of one of the witnesses for this religious marriage. Nicolas MERCKES of Bettendorf signed the entry making it easier for me to prove who he was. The signature matches those found on the baptismal records of his children. Nicolas was the great-great-grandfather of Fritz KREMER (1905-1972) who would marry Suzanne PEFFER (1910-1987), the great-great-granddaughter of Michael and Elisabetha, one hundred and thirty-five years later, on 7 January 1931. They were the parents of my mother-in-law Maisy KREMER (1931-1986).

Pedigree chart of Suzanne PEFFER (1910-1987 )

The children of Michael and Elisabetha

Michael and Elisabetha had the following children:

  1. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 11 November 1796 in Moestroff and died on 18 February 1801 in Moestroff at the age of 4 years.
  2. Margaretha GRASSER was born on 31 December 1797 in Moestroff and died on 24 April 1848 in Moestroff. She married Pierre RAUSCH, son of Mathieu RAUSCH and Marie SCHMIT, on 25 January 1820 in Bettendorf. Pierre was born on 27 July 1796 in Consdorf (Canton Echternach). He died on 17 December 1875 in St. Nicholas, Stearns County, Minnesota. [8 children]
  3. Jean GRASSER was born on 13 February 1799 in Moestroff and died on 19 November 1803 in Moestroff at the age of 4 years.
  4. Anna Catharina GRASSER was born on 15 December 1801 in Moestroff and died on 6 December 1821 in Moestroff, a week before her 20th birthday.
  5. Maria GRASSER was born about 1801 in Moestroff. Her birth record has not been found and when she married her sister Anna Catharina’s date of birth was listed. Maria died on 4 January 1882 in Moestroff. She married Antoin “Anton” PEFFER, son of Adam PEFFER and Marguerite PIERRET, on 17 February 1830 in Bettendorf. Anton was born on 20 May 1803 in Obermertzig (Feulen) and died on 26 December 1858 in Moestroff. Maria and Anton were my children’s 4th great-grandparents. [7 children]
  6. Phillippe GRASSER was born on 26 July 1804 in Moestroff and died on 12 March 1805 in Moestroff at the age of nearly 8 months.
  7. Cathérine GRASSER was born on 12 November 1805 in Moestroff and died on 1 March 1862 in Luxemburg, Stearns County, Minnesota. She married Michel LESCH, son of Jean LESCH and Elisabeth MAJERUS, on 28 March 1832 in Bettendorf. Michel was born on 15 April 1807 in Biesdorf, Rheinland Pfalz, Germany, and died on 27 June 1878 in Rockville, Stearns County, Minnesota. [8 children]
  8. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 4 July 1807 in Moestroff and died on 1 June 1852 in Moestroff. He married Anne Cathérine STAUDT, daughter of Jean STAUDT and Madeleine SCHILTZ, on 2 March 1835 in Bastendorf (Diekirch). Anne Cathérine was born on 16 January 1808 in Brandenbourg and died on 24 November 1859 in Moestroff. [4 children]
  9. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 23 April 1809 in Moestroff and died on 8 May 1867 in Lultzhausen (Neunhausen). He married Madeleine LENTZ, daughter of Jean LENTZ and Anne Marie MARTEN, on 9 June 1832 in Bettendorf. Madeleine was born on 17 February 1814 in Moestroff and died on 7 August 1844 in Moestroff. Following her death, Nicolas married Marguerite FRISCH, daughter of Michel FRISCH and Susanne WEBER, on 11 December 1844 in Bettendorf. Marguerite was born on 2 March 1820 in Beaufort (Echternach) and died on 22 May 181 in Lultzhausen (Neunhausen). [10 children]

This is a long list of children but, sadly, not all survived childhood. Daughters Margaretha, Maria, and Cathérine, and the two sons named Nicolas were the ones who would marry and continue the line.

Michael dies at the age of 48

Michael and Elisabetha would only be present at the marriage of their oldest daughter Margaretha who married in 1820. A little over a year later, on 26 February 1821, Michael GRASSER died at 11 o’clock in the morning. His wife Elisabetha went to the records office in Bettendorf the following afternoon at 2 o’clock to have his death recorded. She was not able to write and left only a mark on the death record. Mathias HESSE, the secretary, was the second witness and Nicolas RECHT, the mayor, was the civil official.

1821 Death Record of Michael GRASSER

How close was the family after Michael’s death?

Elisabetha HOSCHEID lived another ten years. Did all of her unmarried children live with her and support her?

On 17 February 1830 Elisabetha made her last appearance in a legal document when she was present and consenting to the marriage of her her oldest single daughter Maria, my children’s 4th great-grandmother.

1830 Marriage Record of Anton PEFFER and Maria GRASSER

Reviewing the marriage record (once again) I found things I had questioned earlier. Maria’s age was left off and her date of birth was incorrect as mentioned above under #5. Her father was deceased and his date of death on the marriage record was the date for a child of the same name who died in 1809 and not for Michael who died in 1821.

Looking at the record now, in relation with the GRASSER family, it seems strange that neither of the bride’s brothers named Nicolas GRASSER nor her brother-in-law Pierre RAUSCH were present at the marriage. In the section for the witnesses, there is room for four persons and only three are listed, two PEFFER men – an uncle and a brother of the groom – and an unrelated man. I believe this is the only marriage record I have come across which does not have all four witnesses listed. Further, the marriage record appears to have been prepared in advance or at least by two persons. Notice the light handwriting at the top and bottom, while the middle section is darker and a different handwriting.

Were Maria’s family not happy with her choice? Or, was she in a family way and the rush to get her married caused errors to be made on the marriage record? Maria gave birth to her first child less than eight months after the marriage. Cutting it close or a premature birth, did it really matter as Maria was nearly 30 years old when she married?

Elisabetha dies at the age of 59

Her son-in-law Pierre RAUSCH was the informant of her death on 17 September 1831 in Moestroff. She died at 7 in the morning and Pierre was at the civil records office by 11. The record shows she died at the home of the RAUSCH family which makes me wonder if all of the family was living together at the time – Elisabetha’s unmarried children as well as her married daughter and grandchildren.

1831 Death Record of Elisabetha HOSCHEID

The years after Michael and Elisabetha

Following the death of their mother, Cathérine was the first to marry in March 1832 followed by the younger Nicolas in June 1832. The elder Nicolas married in March 1835.

Two families go to America

In 1848 [many family trees incorrectly list 1840] the oldest child Margaretha died. Her death was followed by the elder Nicolas GRASSER’s death in 1852. This appears to be a turning point in the family history.

Margaretha’s husband Pierre RAUSCH and five of their children emigrated from Luxembourg to Stearns County, Minnesota. Only the oldest daughter remained in Moestroff. A county history places the immigration at the latter part of the 1850s. They may have been the first to go to America but others would follow.

Cathérine and her husband Michael LOESCH (as the name was seen from 1852) also went to Stearns County. The move can be placed at after December 1855 when they were last seen in the Luxembourg census. The LOESCH family also had two sons named Nicolas. The elder was not with his parents in 1855 and likely accompanied Pierre RAUSCH and his children to America. From the History of Stearns County, Minnesota, Volume II by William Bell Mitchell:

Nicholas [Loesch] set out for America in 1854. In 1855 he started for the West with a party of eight young men. They were among the first to pass through the canal at Sault Ste. Marie. Through swamps and woods they pursued their course and finally reached St. Paul. From there Nicholas came to St. Cloud. He first took a homestead in Rockville township, but allowed his right to lapse. His parents obtained a homestead in Rockville township, where they ended their days. Nicholas finally secured a location in section 3, near Pearl lake in Maine Prairie township. Here he erected a log cabin, and with a yoke of oxen and a cow started farming operations.

Two families remain in Luxembourg

While the families of Margaretha and Cathérine went to America, Elisabetha and Michael’s last living son Nicolas remained in Luxembourg but moved away from Moestroff to Lultzhausen. Only Maria, my children’s ancestress, remained in Moestroff as did several generations of her descendants until Suzanne PEFFER died there in 1987.

Genealogical Jackpot!

While checking the National Library of Luxembourg site for newspapers and periodicals for further information on the grandchildren of this couple I made a fantastic discovery concerning Elisabetha HOSCHEID. She and her husband were mentioned in a book written in 1858. I am overwhelmed and will share as soon as I get my thoughts together in a few days.

bestwishescathy1

Sources:
Sources will be added during the week as the remarkable discovery I made today kept me from adding the footnotes and citations.

© 2017, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

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52 Ancestors: #19 The HASTERT-SCHMIT Family of the Nommern Area

Christophe HASTERT and Barbara SCHMIT did not make it easy to research this set of 5th great-grandparents for my children. To begin with Christophe’s date of birth was not listed on their 1810 marriage record.[1] He was thirty-two years old, born in Grevenmacher, and his parents Mathias HASTERT and Anne NIEDERKORN were day laborers living Hollenfels.

1810 Marriage Record (part 1) for Christophe HASTERT and Barbe SCHMIT [1]

The Groom’s Family

Mathias HASTERT (1750-aft. 1810) and Anne NIEDERKORN (1755- aft. 1810) were the parents of two known children. No births of children were found in Grevenmacher in 1773 to 1777. On 1 April 1777 a daughter Catharina was born.[2] Twenty months later, a son Christianus was born on 13 December 1778.[3] This fits the age and place of birth for Christophe as seen in his marriage record. Were they the same person?

1778 Baptismal Record for Christianus HASTERT [3]
Both of the HASTERT-NIEDERKORN children were born in Grevenmacher, the town the father Mathias was born in on 25 January 1750.[4] Although I have been able to find more information on the next generation back, I did not find a marriage record for Mathias and Anne. I suspected the family may have done some moving around after Christophe’s birth. How could I prove my suspicions and would any records found help to learn more about Christian/Christophe’s parents?

Let’s Analyze the Marriage Record

Christophe HASTERT married Barbara SCHMIT on 28 November 1810 in Nommern in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The groom’s father Mathias was present and consenting to the marriage. Down at the bottom of the marriage record were four witnesses. The fourth was a young man named Philippe HASTERT age 25 and from Mühlenbach.[1]

1810 Marriage Record (part 3) for Christophe HASTERT and Barbe SCHMIT [1]

Who was Philippe HASTERT?

Mühlenbach is part of the commune of Eich. This is on the outskirts of Luxembourg City and quite large compared to the towns and villages I have been researching. I took the chance that if he was living there in November 1810 he may, in time, also marry there. Surprisingly, I found Philippe married earlier in 1810. His parents were listed as Mathias HASTERT and Anne NIEDERKORN of Hollenfels, both present and consenting to the marriage which took place on 3 March 1810.[5] Christophe was not present or a witness to the marriage. The parents’ names and place of residence confirmed Philippe and Christophe were brothers. Did this help in locating other siblings?

Philippe was born 29 September 1784 in Dudelange.[6] His baptismal record was enlightening. Mathias HASTERT was listed as militis incliti Regimis Kaunitz. Did this mean Mathias was in Franz Wenzel von Kaunitz-Rietberg’s infantry regiment? Being in the militia would explain his not remaining in Grevenmacher were his parents were from. Christian, as Christophe was seen in his baptismal record, was born in 1778 and Philippe in 1784. Six years in which one or two children could be missing. And for the years following Philippe’s birth until his marriage, where did the family live? This question will remain to be answered.

Getting Back to the Marriage Record

Christophe’s bride Barbara SCHMIT was the daughter of Jean SCHMIT (1752-1810) and Maria LENTZ (1759-1824) of Nommern. Barbara was born on 4 December 1783 in Schrondweiler, a part of the commune of Nommern.[7] Her father was not present at the marriage on the 28 November 1810 as he had died only four days earlier.[8]

1810 Marriage Record (part 2) for Christophe HASTERT and Barbe SCHMIT [1]
In the last paragraph seen in this part of the marriage record above, the banns were read on November 11 and November 18 which shows the wedding was planned before the bride’s father passed away.

Barbara’s parents had been married only a little more than three months when she was born.[9] She was the first of nine children born to them. Four of these died very young and only two of Barbara’s sisters are known to have married.

Only Daughters Born to the Couple

Christophe and Barbara were the parents of five daughters. Their not having sons makes it all the more difficult to follow possible descendants who may have already researched the family.

  • Ch 1: Anna Catharina was born on 15 December in Schrondweiler[10]
  • Ch 2: Catharina was born 16 July 1815 in Niederglabach[11]
  • Ch 3: Susanna was born 17 May 1818 in Niederglabach[12]
  • Ch 4: Apollonia was born 31 March 1821 in Niederglabach[13]
  • Ch 5: Margaretha was born 30 October 1823 in Niederglabach[14]

The girls’ maternal grandmother Maria LENTZ lived long enough to witness their births. She died on 4 April 1824 in Oberglabach.[15] Niederglabach, Oberglabach, and Schrondweiler were parts of the commune of Nommern.

Christophe and Barbara lost their youngest daughter Margaretha on 22 March 1827 at the age of nearly three and a half years.[16] Five years later their oldest daughters began to marry.

Within ten years of each other three of the daughters of Barbara and Christophe married. Their oldest daughter Anna Catharina HASTERT married Peter MERKES (1805-1867) on 28 February 1832 in Nommern.[17] Anna Catharina and Peter were my children’s fourth great-grandparents. Their story: 52 Ancestors: #35 MERKES-HASTERT Family – Back to School or Back to Work?.

Barbara and Christophe’s second daughter Catharina married Johann Nicolas STROESSER on 19 January 1836 in Nommern.[18] Their third daughter Susanna married Johann RITGEN on 10 August 1841 in Nommern.[19]

The Family Moves to Oberglabach

In 1832 and in 1836 when the first two daughters married Christophe and Barbara were living in Niederglabach. At some time before the 1841 marriage of their daughter Susanna their residence changed to Oberglabach.

On 16 December 1843 when the census[20] was taken in Oberglabach as expected we see Christophe and Barbara with their only single daughter, Apollonia, living at home. However, their married daughter Susanna was listed as well as a young boy named Nicolas RITGEN who was born in 1842 in Useldange. The birth record confirms he was Susanna’s son. The whereabouts of her husband are unknown.

On the 6 December 1846 census[21] Apollonia age 24 was still living with her parents Christophe and Barbara in Oberglabach. Susanna was no longer in the household.

Apollonia HASTERT married Joseph GALLION (1823-1854) on 26 September 1847 in Nommern.[22] She and her husband remained in her parents home and were seen with them on the 31 December 1847 census.[23] The enumerator omitted the location on this census record. The grandson Nicolas RITGEN who had been with his mother in Christophe’s household in 1843 was listed but then marked out.

On the December 1849 census[24] no distinction was made between Niederglabach and Oberglabach and we see only that Christophe and Barbara were living in Gladbach. Apollonia, her husband Joseph, and their nine months old son Nicolas were living in the home as a second family.

Apollonia had another son six months before the 31 December 1851 census.[25] He was listed with the same name as his three years old brother Nicolas. They were living with their parents in their maternal grandparents’ home in Oberglabach. This would be the last time Christophe would be seen on the census. He died on 1 October 1852. His death was reported by Peter LENTZ, a relative of his wife Barbara.[26]

Lenzen House in Oberglabach

In December 1852 the widowed Barbara SCHMIT was living in the household of her son-in-law Joseph GALLION and daughter Apollonia. The two sons were both identified as Nicolas.[27]

Barbara and Christophe’s daughter Susanna at some time went to Paris as she died there on 22 May 1854.[28] Not only Susanna but also Apollonia’s husband Joseph GALLION died while in Paris. Joseph was a mason living in the 9th arrondisement in impasse Putigneux No. 2 and died at 7 in the evening of 1 July 1854 at Parvis Nôtre Dame No. 4.[29]

The address Joseph died at is likely that of Paris’ Hôtel Dieu hospital which is on the square of the Nôtre Dame. Joseph’s death record was acquired in 1860 and recorded in the Nommern death register at the time of his widow’s remarriage. The records for Paris for the years prior to 1860 are missing however some have substitutes in the form of cards with the name, date, and arrondisement. Susanna’s card indicates she also died in the 9th arrondisement. Could she have also been a patient in the hospital? During 1854 there was a cholera epidemic within the walls of the city of Paris.

On 1 December 1858 the widowed Apollonia was the head of household with her three sons and her mother Barbara SCHMIT.[30] Since the 1852 census the house they were living in was named Lenzen. This was very likely the home of Barbara’s mother’s LENTZ family.

1858 Luxembourg Census sheet for the Lenzen house and its occupants.[30]
The name GALLION is seen (above) as GALGON. Last week while working on the marriages in the 52 Ancestors: #18 The Merckes-Wagener Family of Bettendorf, one of the Merckes sons married a GALION lady. Her name was also seen in some records as GALGON. There may even be a connection between these two individuals who married into the Merckes and Hastert families.

Apollonia married Johann SCHAUS (1830-1869) on 29 December 1860 in Nommern.[31] It was at the time of this marriage that the death record of her first husband was sent for in Paris and recorded in the death register of Nommern.

Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Nommern > Décès 1849-1890 > image 84 of 341. An extract of the French civil record found in the 1860 Nommern death register. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6PXS-453?cc=1709358&wc=9RYQ-GPD%3A130145901%2C130066702 : accessed 8 May 2017).

Barbara SCHMIT continued to live with her daughter Apollonia in the Lenzen house until death. She died at 3 in the afternoon on 29 August 1861 in the home. The death was reported by her new son-in-law Johann SCHAUS. Johann, or the official who recorded the death, incorrectly gave the place of residence of Johann as Niederglabach but correctly noted Lenzen house being in Oberglabach.[32]

Apollonia remained in the Lenzen house after her mother’s death. She gave her second husband two sons, a third was stillborn. Johann SCHAUS died in 1869[33] leaving her to raise her sons on her own. She died on 30 October 1878. Her death was reported by her son Jean GALLION.[34]

Ten years later the oldest daughter of Christophe and Barbara, Anna Catharina HASTERT, died on 9 May 1888 in Rumelange.[35]

None of the daughters had children who carried on the HASTERT name. Their children were born with the surnames MERKES, RITGEN, GALLION, and SCHAUS. Catharina, the second oldest daughter, married a STROESSER but nothing has been found for her after her marriage. Were there also grandchildren with the STROESSER surname? If you know of any, please get in touch.

bestwishescathy1

Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Nommern > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1797-1823, 1796-1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 610 of 1477. 1810 Marriage Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12870-22206-23?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LCR : accessed 31 August 2015).
[2] Ibid., Grevenmacher > Baptêmes 1738-1781, confirmations 1747-1770, tables des baptêmes 1738-1763 > image 144 of 226. 1777 Baptismal Record (right page, 3rd entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WS-SG9H?cc=2037955&wc=STH8-L23%3A1500939801%2C1501022236 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[3] Ibid., Grevenmacher > Baptêmes 1738-1781, confirmations 1747-1770, tables des baptêmes 1738-1763 > image 153 of 226. 1778 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32462-19661-73?cc=2037955&wc=STH8-L23:1500939801,1501022236 : accessed 31 August 2015). Note: Baptismal name seen as Christian.
[4] Ibid., Grevenmacher > Baptêmes 1738-1756, 1797-1804  > image 34 of 95. 1750 Baptismal Record (right page, top). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WS-SLKK?cc=2037955&wc=STH8-L26%3A1500939801%2C1501075988 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[5] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Eich > Mariages 1794-1841 > image 742 of 1498. 1810 Marriage Record (right page). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DBRW-WBX?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-829%3A129629601%2C129984601 : accessed 12 May 2017).
[6] Luxembourg Church Records, Dudelange > Baptêmes, sépultures 1774-1796 > image 38 of 132. 1784 Baptismal Record (bottom left, top right).(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-9J39?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-MJQ%3A1500943101%2C1501085980 : 9 January 2015).
[7] Ibid., Nommern > Baptêmes 1744-1787, confirmations 1750-1789, mariages 1751-1765, 1769-1787, sépultures 1752-1787 > image 85 of 170. 1783 Baptismal Record No. 846. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WS-93C5?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-L2V%3A1500981117%2C1501018978 : accessed 9 May 2017).
[8] Luxembourg Civil Records, Nommern > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1797-1823, 1796-1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 1224 of 1477. 1810 Death Record No. 6. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XCM9-9LM?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-T38%3A130145901%2C130293701 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[9] Luxembourg Church Records, Nommern > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1779-1793 > image 35 of 153. 1783 Marriage Record (left page, 2nd entry).  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WS-9SRJ?cc=2037955&wc=STHZ-TQQ%3A1500981117%2C1500913302 : 9 January 2015).
[10] Luxembourg Civil Records, Nommern > Naissances 1796-1850 > image 120 of 502. 1810 Birth Record No. 16. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XS35-2G?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-GP6%3A130145901%2C130237801 : accessed 08 Apr 2013).
[11] Ibid., Nommern > Naissances 1796-1850 > image 153 of 502. 1815 Birth Record No. 13. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XS32-LQ?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-GP6%3A130145901%2C130237801 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[12] Ibid., Nommern > Naissances 1796-1850 > image 175 of 502. 1818 Birth Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XS3T-MR?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-GP6%3A130145901%2C130237801 : accessed 8 May 2017.
[13] Ibid., Nommern > Naissances 1796-1850 > image 198 of 502. 1821 Birth Record No. 7. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XS35-PG?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-GP6%3A130145901%2C130237801 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[14] Ibid., Nommern > Naissances 1796-1850 > image 218 of 502. 1823 Birth Record No. 16. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XS3R-6Q?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-GP6%3A130145901%2C130237801 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[15] Ibid., Nommern > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1797-1823, 1796-1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 1296 of 1477. 1824 Death Record No. 4. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XCM1-CH?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-T38%3A130145901%2C130293701 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[16] Ibid., Nommern > 1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 1311 of 1477. 1827 Death Record No. 5. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XCMB-XH?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-T38%3A130145901%2C130293701 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[17] Ibid., Nommern > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1797-1823, 1796-1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 729 of 1477. 1832 Marriage Record No. 4. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12870-29072-7?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LCR:n1552617334 : accessed 07 Apr 2013).
[18] Ibid., Nommern > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1797-1823, 1796-1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 757 of 1477. 1836 Marriage Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XCMB-GN?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-T38%3A130145901%2C130293701 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[19] Ibid., Nommern > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1797-1823, 1796-1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 788 of 1477. 1841 Marriage Record N. 5.  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XCM5-TK?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-T38%3A130145901%2C130293701 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[20] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Nommern > 1843 > image 101 of 136. Hastert-Schmit household. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-997B-V8YR?cc=2037957&wc=M5LT-ZJQ%3A345970101%2C345863501 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[21] Ibid., Nommern > 1846 > image 107 of 147. Hastert-Schmit household.  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G97B-7HZM?cc=2037957&wc=M5L5-GRQ%3A345970101%2C345858602 : accessed 8 may 2017).
[22] Luxembourg Civil Records, Nommern > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1797-1823, 1796-1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 821 of 1477. 1847 Marriage Record No. 7. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XCMY-BD?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-T38%3A130145901%2C130293701 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[23] Luxembourg Census Records, Nommern > 1847 > image 106 of 144. Hastert-Schmit household. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-997B-LF2K?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-821%3A345970101%2C345864101 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[24] Ibid., Nommern > 1849 > image 48 of 138. Hastert-Schmit household. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G97B-N272?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-T32%3A345970101%2C345864801 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[25] Ibid., Nommern > 1851 > image 75 of 168. Hastert-Schmit household. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G971-41C?cc=2037957&wc=M5L1-CXZ%3A345970101%2C345865601 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[26] Luxembourg Civil Records, Nommern > Décès 1849-1890 > image 21 of 341. 1852 Death Record No. 27. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12404-63381-45?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LCG : accessed 31 August 2015).
[27] Luxembourg Census Recors, Nommern > 1852 > image 66 of 164. Gallgen-Hastert houshold. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-9971-3H5R?cc=2037957&wc=M5LB-VZD%3A345970101%2C345865501 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[28] Archives de Paris (75), browsable images of microfilm collection of parish and civil records, Fichiers de l’état civil reconstitué > V3E/D 722 > image 43. Images from this site are not allowed to be shared with others, used on the internet, or for commercial purposes without permission. 1854 Death Record. (http://archives.paris.fr: accessed 8 May 2017).
[29] Luxembourg Civil Records, Nommern > Décès 1849-1890 > image 83 of 341. His 1854 death was recorded in Nommern in the death register in December 1860.
(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6PXS-H2H?cc=1709358&wc=9RYQ-GPD%3A130145901%2C130066702 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[30] Luxembourg Census Records, Nommern > 1858 > image 166 of 186. Gallion-Hastert household.  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L971-Z99V-S?cc=2037957&wc=M5LB-ZNR%3A345970101%2C345867601 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[31] Luxembourg Civil Records, Nommern > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1797-1823, 1796-1890 Décès 1796-1823, 1796-1849 > image 905 of 1477. 1860 Marriage Record No. 8.  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XCMB-R6?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-T38%3A130145901%2C130293701 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[32] Ibid., Nommern > Décès 1849-1890 > image 90 of 341. 1861 Death Record No. 13. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12404-61065-98?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LCG : accessed 31 August 2015).
[33] Ibid., Nommern > Décès 1849-1890 > image 152 of 341. 1869 Death Record No. 1.  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6PXS-DQX?cc=1709358&wc=9RYQ-GPD%3A130145901%2C130066702 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[34] Ibid., Nommern > Décès 1849-1890 > image 240 of 341. 1878 Death Record No. 16. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6PXS-JCX?cc=1709358&wc=9RYQ-GPD%3A130145901%2C130066702 : accessed 8 May 2017).
[35] Ibid., Kayl > Décès 1879-1890 > image 290 of 393. 1888 Death Record No. 49.  (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11017-120661-19?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-T3D:129946501,129623502 : accessed 25 August 2015).

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