A Priest Born in the 16th Century Leaves a Key to Open the Door in a Brick Wall

On Sunday I was checking my post, 52 Ancestors: #25 A Family on Two Continents, and doing miscellaneous searches for descendants of this family from Luxembourg when I made a fantastic discovery.

While searching the newspapers and periodicals on eluxemburgensia, part of the National Library of Luxembourg site, I got a surprising hit for Elisabetha HOBSCHEID and Michel GRASSER, my children’s 5th great-grandparents who I wrote about in the above article.

The hit brought up the book Manuel des fondations de bourses d’étude instituées en faveur des Luxembourgeois, published in 1858. Imagine my surprise. Michel died in 1821, Elisabetha in 1831, and this book was from 1858. A manual of scholarships available to Luxembourgers written by Jean-Pierre Koltz (1804-1880), a teacher.

Unlike the newspapers where you are taken directly to the page the name is found on, this search took me to a chapter in the book. It was not immediately obvious why I was getting a hit in the chapter titled Penninger Foundation. I leafed through until I found Elisabetha and Michel. Their names were on a list of genealogical information. I slowly went back through each generation to find myself at the beginning of the family tree of Pierre PENNINGER.

It took me a few days to get my thoughts together and figure out how to share this discovery. This morning we took a bike ride to Brandenbourg to take pictures which I’ve added throughout this post. I’d like to thank my husband for sharing my enthusiasm through his photography. I hope you enjoy and they don’t distract too much from the rest of the story.

Who was Pierre PENNINGER?

Pierre PENNINGER, a native of Diekirch, took his vows for the priesthood and was the pastor of Brandenbourg at the time of his death.

On 4 June 1632, he donated 2,500 écus to the Jesuit priests. On the 1st of December of the same year, the Conseil provincial (Provincial Council) approved the donation to be used for two scholarships for the seminary in honor of the Holy Trinity.

The road into Brandenbourg with the castle on top of the hill.

In his last will and testament dated 5 January 1636 Father Penninger added the sum of 700 écus for a total of 3,200 écus (7,680 francs in 1848) for the scholarship fund to benefit three students of the Jesuit seminary. Relatives of Pierre PENNINGER, the founder, were the first eligible for the scholarships. If no relatives applied then the scholarships would go to poor young men of the Brandenbourg parish or its environs.

Kapell Brandenbourg (Chapel)

The original capital of the Penninger Foundation was 2,500 écus. The revenue of the capital was enough to fund two students during their stay at the seminary. The wars of the times caused the value of the scholarships to be reduced by nearly half so that only one scholarship for offered.

Inside the Chapel of Brandenbourg

However, through the wise administration of the capital, the fund increased in value to 12,698 francs in 1848. By a royal decree in 1848 it was decided to increase the number of scholarships to two.

Cornerstone of the Chapel of Brandenbourg

As the terms of the will were that the scholarships should go to the priest’s relatives, a family tree, in the possession of the Société Archéologique du Grand-Duché, was kept for consultation by candidates for the scholarships.

Brandenbourg Castle

Why all the excitement?

In my last post about Michel GRASSER and Elisabetha HOSCHEID, I wrote:

Elisabetha’s family lived in Brandenbourg. This parish’s records are lacking and those which are included are out of order. I have not gone through them to find her parents’ family group.

I did not even try to go through the records. The genealogy information in the chapter about the Penninger Foundation in the book mentioned above turned out to be the key I needed to open the door, or maybe a window, in this brick wall.

Stained glass window in the chapel of Brandenbourg

The PENNINGER Family Tree from 1672 and 1705

What follows are extracts of the Penninger family tree pertaining to my children’s direct line from Pierre PENNINGER’s parents to Elisabeth and Michel.

  • All screenshots (below) are from Jean-Pierre Koltz’s Manuel des fondations de bourses d’étude instituées en faveur des Luxembourgeois. Link to the book (public domain) is found at the end of this article.

The genealogical information for the grandfather of Pierre PENNINGER was certified by the aldermen of the town of Diekirch on 7 April 1672 and 21 April 1705.

The grandfather of the founder, Pierre PENNINGER, had two sons. One of the sons was the father of a son and a daughter: Pierre PENNINGER, a lawyer in Diekirch, who was already deceased at the time his cousin, the pastor of Brandenbourg, made his will on 5 January 1636 and Elisabeth PENNINGER who married Regnard HERMAN.

The other son of the grandfather had three children. 1. Pierre, the pastor of Brandenbourg and founder of the scholarship foundation in his name. 2. Hélène, referred to as Hildegarde in her brother’s will, married Pierre FUNCK of Brandenbourg. 3. Marguerite married Jean KLEIN of Bockoltz who the founder referred to as Mercatoris (merchant) in his will.

The descendency of the two sisters of pastor Penninger of Brandenbourg.

My children’s line goes through the second sister Marguerite PENNINGER who married Jean KLEIN and had the following children:

  1. Jean KLEIN
  2. Dominique KLEIN, who was mentioned in Pierre PENNINGER’s will
  3. Jean KLEIN married Eve FLORENTZ
  4. Nicolas KLEIN married Odile BERNARD of Wiltz

The descendency of the KLEIN-PENNINGER couple was certified on 11 August 1768 by the mayors and aldermen of the high justice of Wiltz. The information was later complemented by information found in the civil records.

Jean KLEIN and Eve FLORENTZ had a daughter Hélène KLEIN who married Nicolas BOCK.

Nicolas BOCK and Hélène KLEIN had the following children:

  1. Ludovine BOCK married Jean-Michel REULAND
  2. Marguerite BOCK married Jean KETTELS of Niederwiltz
  3. Jean-Grégoire BOCK married Marie LEMMAER of Brandenbourg
  4. Jean-Nicolas BOCK, a notary from Merzig-sur-la-Sarre, was a Penninger scholar

Jean-Michel REULAND and Ludovine BOCK had the following children:

  1. Marie-Marguerite REULAND married Guillaume FISCHBACH (conflicting information – this daughter is also seen in the line down from the founder’s sister Hélène)
  2. Anne-Marguerite REULAND married N. Fischbach
  3. Jean-Philippe REULAND
  4. Jean-Nicolas REULAND
  5. Marie-Catherine REULAND married Léonard HOSCHEID of Brandenbourg

Léonard HOBSCHEID (sic, HOSCHEID) and Marie-Catherine REULAND of Brandenbourg had the following children:

  1. Marie-Catherine HOBSCHEID (sic) married(1) Philippe FISCHBACH and married(2) Michel LIMES of Brandenbourg
  2. Michel HOBSCHEID (sic) of Brandenbourg married an unknown lady
  3. Elisabeth HOBSCHEID (sic) married Michel GRASSER of Moestroff

Children #1 and #2 continue with another generation while my children’s 5th great-grandparents Elisabeth HOSCHEID and Michael GRASSER of Moestroff do not have children listed.

Have you counted through the generations found for this family? I had the names of Elisabeth HOSCHEID’s parents and, with the above, I have been able to add four more generations back to my children’s 10th great-grandmother Marguerite PENNINGER, sister of Pierre PENNINGER, the pastor who set up the scholarship fund for his relatives or needy young men of the parish of Brandenbourg and environs.

The church of Brandenbourg with the cemetery on the sides and back.

Although the Brandenbourg parish records aren’t complete, I have been able to find baptismal, marriage, and death/burial records for several of the person’s named above as well as for children who were not included in the list. The genealogical information lacks dates and can only be used as a guide until records are found to confirm the line back to the PENNINGER grandfather of Pierre, Hélène, and Marguerite and their cousins Pierre and Elisabeth.

As I began to look for records to support the information found in the published family tree, I learned I was not the first to make this discovery. It kind of burst my bubble but I still feel really good about this since I came across it on my own – even if it was a bit by chance.


Auguste Neÿen, Biographie luxembourgeoise: histoire des hommes distingues …, Volume 2, Luxembourg 1861; pg. 40 and 105; online https://archive.org/stream/biographieluxem00negoog#page/n45/mode/2up/search/Penninger

Koltz, Jean-Pierre, Manuel des fondations de bourses d’étude instituées en faveur des Luxembourgeois; V. Bück , Luxembourg, 1858; online http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=2828373&search_terms=Elisabeth%20Hobscheid#panel:pp|issue:2828373|article:DTL3386|page:107|query:Elisabeth Hobscheid

52 Ancestors: #25 A Family on Two Continents

Michael GRASSER (1772-1821)

Michael GRASSER was born on 8 July 1772 in Moestroff, Canton Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.1 He was the son of Nicolas GRASSER vulgo REUTERS and Elisabetha WINANDY. Michael was the oldest of eight children born as follows: Michael 8 July 1772, Maria Margaretha 3 April 17742, Michael 24 February 17763, Susanna 26 September 17774, Wilhelm 11 February 17805, Joannes 26 October 17826, Mathias 12 November 17847 (d. 5 March 17858), and Philippe 24 July 17869. Baptismal records were found for all of these children. Their father was often referred to as Nicolas GRASSER vulgo REUTERS.

1772 Baptismal Record for Michäel GRASSER [1]
Michael’s baptismal record was more revealing. The priest wrote:

Nicolai et Elisabetha Grasser conjugum in aedibus Reuters x Moestroff

This indicated the parents were a married couple who lived in a house known as Reuters in Moestroff. Reuters was their house name but the family would keep the GRASSER surname.

Elisabetha HOSCHEID (1772-1831)

Michael married Elisabetha HOSCHEID, daughter of Léonard HOSCHEID and Marie REULAND, on 20 January 1796 in Bettendorf, Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.10 Elisabetha was born about 1772 in Brandenbourg.

Elisabetha’s family lived in Brandenbourg. This parish’s records are lacking and those which are included are out of order. I have not gone through them to find her parents’ family group. However, it is interesting that both her parents’ surnames are also names of town in Luxembourg. HOSCHEID variations are Hoscheit, Hoschet, Hoschette, Houschette; REULAND variations are Reiland, Reyland. Both names may have originated from town names. Did their families originally come from Hoscheid and Reuland? This thought went through my mind as I was climbing the hill up to Reuland, a village in the commune of Heffingen in central Luxembourg, yesterday on my bike. This was the view we were rewarded with after riding through the village to the top of the hill.

A field outside of Reuland on the way to Heffingen

Elisabeth and Michael marry in 1796

1796 M;arriage Record of Michael GRASSER and Elisabetha “HOSCHET” or HOSCHEID

Michael married Elisabetha on 20 January 1796 in Bettendorf. The marriage index card11 gives 2 January 1796 but the record clearly is for the 20th. More interesting is the name of one of the witnesses for this religious marriage. Nicolas MERCKES of Bettendorf signed the entry making it easier for me to prove who he was. The signature matches those found on the baptismal records of his children. Nicolas was the great-great-grandfather of Fritz KREMER (1905-1972) who would marry Suzanne PEFFER (1910-1987), the great-great-granddaughter of Michael and Elisabetha, one hundred and thirty-five years later, on 7 January 1931. They were the parents of my mother-in-law Maisy KREMER (1931-1986).

Pedigree chart of Suzanne PEFFER (1910-1987 )

The children of Michael and Elisabetha

Michael and Elisabetha had the following children:

  1. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 11 November 179612 in Moestroff and died on 18 February 180113 in Moestroff at the age of 4 years.
    2. Margaretha GRASSER was born on 31 December 179714 in Moestroff and died on 24 April 184815 in Moestroff. She married Pierre RAUSCH, son of Mathieu RAUSCH and Marie SCHMIT, on 25 January 182016 in Bettendorf. Pierre was born on 27 July 1796 in Consdorf (Canton Echternach). He died on 17 December 1875 in St. Nicholas, Stearns County, Minnesota. [8 children]
  2. Jean GRASSER was born on 13 February 179917 in Moestroff and died on 19 November 180318 in Moestroff at the age of 4 years.
  3. Anna Catharina GRASSER was born on 15 December 180119 in Moestroff and died on 6 December 182120 in Moestroff, a week before her 20th birthday.
    5. Maria GRASSER was born about 1801 in Moestroff. Her birth record has not been found and when she married her sister Anna Catharina’s date of birth was listed. Maria died on 4 January 188221 in Moestroff. She married Antoin “Anton” PEFFER, son of Adam PEFFER and Marguerite PIERRET, on 17 February 183022 in Bettendorf. Anton was born on 20 May 180323 in Obermertzig (Feulen) and died on 26 December 185824 in Moestroff. Maria and Anton were my children’s 4th great-grandparents. [7 children]
  4. Phillippe GRASSER was born on 26 July 180425 in Moestroff and died on 12 March 180526 in Moestroff at the age of nearly 8 months.
  5. Cathérine GRASSER was born on 12 November 180527 in Moestroff and died on 1 March 1862 in Luxemburg, Stearns County, Minnesota. She married Michel LESCH, son of Jean LESCH and Elisabeth MAJERUS, on 28 March 183228 in Bettendorf. Michel was born on 15 April 1807 in Biesdorf, Rheinland Pfalz, Germany, and died on 27 June 1878 in Rockville, Stearns County, Minnesota. [8 children]
  6. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 4 July 180729 in Moestroff and died on 1 June 185230 in Moestroff. He married Anne Cathérine STAUDT, daughter of Jean STAUDT and Madeleine SCHILTZ, on 2 March 183531 in Bastendorf (Diekirch). Anne Cathérine was born on 16 January 180832 in Brandenbourg and died on 24 November 185933 in Moestroff. [4 children]
  7. Nicolas GRASSER was born on 23 April 180934 in Moestroff and died on 8 May 186735 in Lultzhausen (Neunhausen). He married Madeleine LENTZ, daughter of Jean LENTZ and Anne Marie MARTEN, on 9 June 183236 in Bettendorf. Madeleine was born on 17 February 1814 in Moestroff and died on 7 August 1844 in Moestroff. Following her death, Nicolas married Marguerite FRISCH, daughter of Michel FRISCH and Susanne WEBER, on 11 December 184437 in Bettendorf. Marguerite was born on 2 March 1820 in Beaufort (Echternach) and died on 22 May 189138 in Lultzhausen (Neunhausen). [10 children]

This is a long list of children but, sadly, not all survived childhood. Daughters Margaretha, Maria, and Cathérine, and the two sons named Nicolas were the ones who would marry and continue the line.

Michael dies at the age of 48

Michael and Elisabetha would only be present at the marriage of their oldest daughter Margaretha who married in 1820. A little over a year later, on 26 February 1821, Michael GRASSER died at 11 o’clock in the morning.39 His wife Elisabetha went to the records office in Bettendorf the following afternoon at 2 o’clock to have his death recorded. She was not able to write and left only a mark on the death record. Mathias HESSE, the secretary, was the second witness and Nicolas RECHT, the mayor, was the civil official.

1821 Death Record of Michael GRASSER

How close was the family after Michael’s death?

Elisabetha HOSCHEID lived another ten years. Did all of her unmarried children live with her and support her?

On 17 February 1830 Elisabetha made her last appearance in a legal document when she was present and consenting to the marriage of her oldest single daughter Maria, my children’s 4th great-grandmother.

1830 Marriage Record of Anton PEFFER and Maria GRASSER

Reviewing the marriage record (once again) I found things I had questioned earlier. Maria’s age was left off and her date of birth was incorrect as mentioned above under #5. Her father was deceased and his date of death on the marriage record was the date for a child of the same name who died in 1809 and not for Michael who died in 1821.

Looking at the record now, in relation with the GRASSER family, it seems strange that neither of the bride’s brothers named Nicolas GRASSER nor her brother-in-law Pierre RAUSCH were present at the marriage. In the section for the witnesses, there is room for four persons and only three are listed, two PEFFER men – an uncle and a brother of the groom – and an unrelated man. I believe this is the only marriage record I have come across which does not have all four witnesses listed. Further, the marriage record appears to have been prepared in advance or at least by two persons. Notice the light handwriting at the top and bottom, while the middle section is darker and a different handwriting.

Were Maria’s family not happy with her choice? Or, was she in a family way and the rush to get her married caused errors to be made on the marriage record? Maria gave birth to her first child less than eight months after the marriage. Cutting it close or a premature birth, did it really matter as Maria was nearly 30 years old when she married?

Elisabetha dies at the age of 59

Elisabetha HOSCHEID’s son-in-law Pierre RAUSCH was the informant of her death on 17 September 1831 in Moestroff.40 She died at 7 in the morning and Pierre was at the civil records office by 11. The record shows she died at the home of the RAUSCH family which makes me wonder if all of the family was living together at the time – Elisabetha’s unmarried children as well as her married daughter and grandchildren.

1831 Death Record of Elisabetha HOSCHEID

The years after Michael and Elisabetha

Following the death of their mother, Cathérine was the first to marry in March 1832 followed by the younger Nicolas in June 1832. The elder Nicolas married in March 1835.

Two families go to America

In 1848 [many family trees incorrectly list 1840] the oldest child Margaretha died. Her death was followed by the elder Nicolas GRASSER’s death in 1852. This appears to be a turning point in the family history.

Margaretha’s husband Pierre RAUSCH and five of their children emigrated from Luxembourg to Stearns County, Minnesota. Only the oldest daughter remained in Moestroff. A county history places the immigration at the latter part of the 1850s. They may have been the first to go to America but others would follow.

Cathérine and her husband Michael LOESCH (as the name was seen from 1852) also went to Stearns County. The move can be placed at after December 1855 when they were last seen in the Luxembourg census. The LOESCH family also had two sons named Nicolas. The elder was not with his parents in 1855 and likely accompanied Pierre RAUSCH and his children to America. From the History of Stearns County, Minnesota, Volume II by William Bell Mitchell:

Nicholas [Loesch] set out for America in 1854. In 1855 he started for the West with a party of eight young men. They were among the first to pass through the canal at Sault Ste. Marie. Through swamps and woods they pursued their course and finally reached St. Paul. From there Nicholas came to St. Cloud. He first took a homestead in Rockville township, but allowed his right to lapse. His parents obtained a homestead in Rockville township, where they ended their days. Nicholas finally secured a location in section 3, near Pearl lake in Maine Prairie township. Here he erected a log cabin, and with a yoke of oxen and a cow started farming operations.

Two families remain in Luxembourg

While the families of Margaretha and Cathérine went to America, Elisabetha and Michael’s last living son Nicolas remained in Luxembourg but moved away from Moestroff to Lultzhausen. Only Maria, my children’s ancestress, remained in Moestroff as did several generations of her descendants until Suzanne PEFFER died there in 1987.

Genealogical Jackpot!

While checking the National Library of Luxembourg site for newspapers and periodicals for further information on the grandchildren of this couple I made a fantastic discovery concerning Elisabetha HOSCHEID. She and her husband were mentioned in a book written in 1858. I am overwhelmed and will share as soon as I get my thoughts together in a few days.

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Michael GRASSER
Parents: Nicolas GRASSER vulgo REUTERS and Elisabetha WINANDY
Spouse: Elisabetha HOSCHEID
Parents of Spouse: Léonard HOSCHEID and Marie Catharina REULAND
Whereabouts: Moestroff, Luxembourg
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: my children’s 5th great-grandparents

1. Michael GRASSER and Elisabetha HOSCHEID
2. Maria GRASSER and Antoin PEFFER
3. Nicolas PEFFER and Marie ZWANK
4. Nicolas PEFFER and Maria MERTES
5. Suzanne PEFFER and Franz KREMER
6. Marie Françoise KREMER and Marcel MEDER
7. Living MEDER, husband of Cathy
8. Living MEDER, children of Cathy

© 2017, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

  1. Luxembourg, registres paroissiaux, 1601-1948 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 11 of 94. 1772 Baptismal Record (right page, first entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-MSM8?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  2.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 13 of 94. 1774 Baptismal Record (left page, last entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WM-M9YM?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  3. Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 16 of 94. 1776 Baptismal Record (left page, 4th entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-MSM7?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  4. Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 17 of 94. 1777 Baptismal Record (right page, 7th entry).(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-M91K?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  5.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 22 of 94. 1780 Baptismal Record (left page, last entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-M9LV?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  6.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 30 of 94. 1782 Baptismal Record (left page, 2nd entry).(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-M9B7?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  7.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 34 of 94. 1784 Baptismal Record (right page, 1st entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99WM-M9Y9?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  8.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 89 of 94. 1785 Death Record (laft page, 2nd to last entry). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L9WM-MS25?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  9.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 37 of 94. 1786 Baptismal Record (left page, 5th entry).(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9WM-M9LR?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  10. Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 78 of 94. 1796 Marriage Record (right page, first entry under 1796). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89WM-M341?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ%3A1500974653%2C1500923326 : accessed 22 July 2017). 
  11.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Tables des mariages 1764-1797 (index organisée par l’époux) > image 49 of 163. 1796 Marriage Card. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32462-1492-17?cc=2037955&wc=STH8-N3L:1500974653,1501141688 : accessed 17 February 2015). 
  12.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1763-1797 > image 59 of 94. 1796 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32400-2718-95?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SPJ:1500974653,1500923326 : accessed 24 September 2015). 
  13.  Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 855 of 1494. 1801 Death Record No. 20 (29 Pluviose an 9). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-8X6?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 19 July 2017). 
  14. Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Naissances, mariages, décès 1779-1812 > image 159 of 238. 1797 Birth Record (bottom left and top right). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DRLP-JP?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-DP8%3A129626601%2C130236801 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  15. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1343 of 1494;. 1848 Death Record No. 29. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-40676-88?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 19 September 2015). 
  16. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 47 of 1494. 1820 Marriage Record (right). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-DQM?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  17. Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances, mariages, décès 1779-1812 > image 192 of 238. 1799 Birth Record 25 Pluviose an 7 (bottom left and top right). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DRL9-9QH?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-DP8%3A129626601%2C130236801 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  18. Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 1302 of 1507. 1803 Death Record No. 6 (27 Brumaire An XII). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-3823-98?cc=1709358 : accessed 26 September 2015). 
  19. Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1800-1827 > image 6 of 306. 1801 Birth Record No. 7. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11571-26449-5?cc=1709358 : accessed 17 May 2015). 
  20. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1003 of 1494. 1821 Death Record. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-6ZV?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 22 March 2010). 
  21.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Décès 1860-1890 > image 348 of 465. 1882 Death Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11711-66484-26?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZR:n1595569028 : accessed 09 Apr 2013). 
  22. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 221 of 1494. 1830 Marriage Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-36020-39?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZY:2071013250 : accessed 09 Apr 2013). 
  23. Ibid., Feulen > Naissances 1797-1816 > image 160 of 423. 1803 Birth Record No. 31 (1 Prairial XI). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12155-31454-48?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2PW:n1261300829 : accessed 09 Apr 2013). 
  24. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1471+1472 of 1494. 1858 Death Record Nr. 45 (part 1). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-38836-65?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ZY:2071013250 : accessed 09 Apr 2013). 
  25. Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 1331 of 1507. 1804 Birth Record No. 60. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-X2M7-1F?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9%3A129626601%2C129945501 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  26. Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 1356 of 1507. 1805 Death Record No. 24. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-X2M4-YK?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-FM9%3A129626601%2C129945501 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  27. Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1800-1827 > image 40 of 306. 1805 Birth Record No. 4. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DRLB-R6?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-DPD%3A129626601%2C129760501 : 17 July 2014). 
  28. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 239 of 1494. 1832 Marriage Record No. 5. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-6LL?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  29. Luxembourg Parish Records, Bettendorf > Baptêmes 1800-1801, 1803-1807, mariages 1803-1807 > image 22 of 36. 1807 Baptismal Record (left page, bottom). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32400-1789-36?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-SP2:1500974653,1501070786 : accessed 20 September 2015). 
  30. Luxembourg Civil Records, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1389 of 1494. 1852 Death Record No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-ZMT?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  31. Ibid., Bastendorf > Mariages 1828-1850 > image 65 of 194. 1835 Marriage Record No. 8. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6PQC-WQ9?cc=1709358&wc=9RYZ-829%3A129624201%2C129782701 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  32.  Ibid., Bastendorf > Naissances 1800-1823, 1798-1823, 1828-1890 Mariages 1778-1823 > image 60 of 1476. 1808 Birth Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6277-ZMM?cc=1709358&wc=9RYQ-MNL%3A129624201%2C129879301 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  33. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1486 of 1494. 1859 Death Record No. 44. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-89J?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  34. Ibid., Bettendorf > Naissances 1800-1827 > image 76 of 306. 1809 Birth Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DRLR-SN?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-DPD%3A129626601%2C129760501 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  35. Ibid., Neunhausen > Décès 1807-1890 > image 228 of 367. 1867 Death Record No. 10. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-XCRH-FS8?cc=1709358&wc=9RYD-829%3A130127901%2C130132701 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  36. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 239 of 1494. 1832 Marriage Record No. 6. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-6LL?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  37. Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 364 of 1494. 1844 Mrriage Record No. 15. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-61R?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 18 July 2017). 
  38. Ibid., Neunhausen > Naissances, mariages, décès 1891-1894 > image 48 of 66. 1891 Death Record No. 7. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6FFH-FQF?cc=1709358&wc=9RYZ-92D%3A130127901%2C129717601 : accessed 23 July 2017). 
  39.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1000 of 1494. 1821 Death Record (lower left). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-36863-68?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 23 September 2015). 
  40.  Ibid., Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 1111 of 1494. 1831 Death Record No. 31. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-6RW9-DCB?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8%3A129626601%2C129729901 : accessed 25 July 2017).