The Ancestors: Bailey WOOD and Nancy, his wife (392 & 393)

Once you’ve worked your way back to ancestors who lived in America in the late 18th and early 19th century, it becomes more difficult to gather the records to tell their stories. This is the case with most of my paternal 5th great-grandparents.

Difficult does not mean impossible.

Bailey and Nancy WOOD are a set of these 5th great-grandparents. They lived in the counties of Greenbrier, Monroe, and Nicholas in western Virginia (present-day West Virginia) as early as 1781 and as late as 1826. Neither were ever listed by name on a census. Neither left a known marriage record. Neither left a birth or death record.

They were likely born about 1750 in unknown parts. Bailey as will be seen below, died about 1820 while Nancy lived at least until 1826.

Two important records have been found by previous family researchers that help to tell a part of their story. One of these is from 1781 and gives insight into the religion of the family while the other is from 1826 and concerns land owned by Bailey WOOD.

Original Members of the Old Greenbrier Church

On 24 November 1781, the Baptist faith gained a more permanent footing in the Greenbrier region when Pastor John ALDERSON organized the Old Greenbrier Church at Alderson. It was the first Baptist organization west of the Alleghenies and the oldest of any denomination to be established in this section of the country. Its twelve original members were John ALDERSON, Mary ALDERSON, Thomas ALDERSON, John KIPPERS, John SHEPPERD, John SKAGGS, Katherine SKAGGS, Joseph SKAGGS, Lucy SKAGGS, Bailey WOOD, Ann WOOD, and James WOOD.1

Is has been assumed by many WOOD descendants that Ann WOOD who was a charter member of the church was Bailey’s wife. However, an 1826 record names his wife as Nancy WOOD. Were Ann WOOD and Nancy WOOD the same person? To answer this, the record from 1826 needs to be examined.

1826 Indenture

This 1826 indenture is a deed of bargain and sale by the heirs of Bailey WOOD to John ALDERSON.2 For easier reading commas missing in the original have been added to this transcription in red.

This indenture made the 21st day of September one thousand eight hundred and twenty six between James Wood & Polly his wife, Bailey Wood and Lucretia his wife, William Wood & Mary his wife, Richard Skaggs and Susannah his wife, Martin McGraw & Nancy his wife, Samuel McGraw and Elizabeth his wife, Katherine Wood, heirs and legal representatives of Bailey Wood decd and Nancy Wood widow of Bailey Wood decd of the county of Nicholas and state of Virginia of the one part and John Alderson of the County of Monroe and state aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that the said heirs & widow of Bailey Wood Decd for and in consideration of the sum of one dollar to them in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged have bargained and sold and by these presents do bargain and sell unto the said John Alderson and his heirs a certain tract or parcel of land containing one hundred acres more or less lying on the south side of the Greenbrier river in Monroe County adjoining the lands of William Johnson and James Graham and bounded as followeth. To wit: Beginning at a popular and beech corner to John Lusk on the south side of the river and with his line S12° E74 poles to 2 Beaches S55° E64 poles to a poplar & sugar tree S22 poles to a poplar and white oak nigh a draugh S75° E38 poles to 2 Buckeye N30° E27 poles to a buckeye and sugar tree N22° W8 poles to 2 Elms N30° E50 poles to 2 hickories N10° E42 poles to 2 Buckeyes N23° W36 poles crossing the river to 2 birches on the river bank and from there to the beginning with all its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said tract or parcel of Land with its appurtenances & with all and singular the appurtenances heriditriments thereunto belonging and the said heirs & widow aforesaid do covenant with the said John Alderson the said tract or parcel of Land from themselves & from their heirs Executors & administrators the tract or parcel of land aforesaid from all and every person or persons will warrant and forever defend in witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals this day and date first above written.

James Wood (seal)
Polly (her X mark) Wood (seal)
Bailey Wood (seal)
Lucretia (her X mark) Wood (seal)
Wm Wood (seal)
Mary (her X mark) Wood (seal)
Richard (his o mark) Skaggs (seal)
Susannah (her X mark) Skaggs (seal)
Martin Magraw (seal)
Nancy (her X mark) McGraw (seal)
Saml McGraw (seal)
Elizabeth (her X mark) McGraw (seal)
Katherine (her X mark) Wood (seal)
Nancy (her X mark) Wood (seal)

Nicholas County to wit:
We William Carnefix and James Skaggs justice of the Peace of the County of Nicholas and the state of Virginia do hereby certify that James Wood, Bailey Wood, William Wood, Richard Skaggs, Martin McGraw, Samuel McGraw parties to a certain deed bearing date 21st September 1826 and hereunto annexed personally appeared before us in our county aforesaid and acknowledged the same to be their act and deed & desired us to certify the said acknowledgment to the Clerk of the County Court of Monroe in order that the said deed may be recorded. Given under our hands and seals this 21st day of Septr 1826.

W. Carnefix (seal)
James Skaggs (seal)

Nicholas County
We William Carnefix and James Skaggs justices of the peace in the County of Nicholas aforesaid in the state of Virginia do hereby certify the Polly Wood the wife of James Wood Lucretia Wood the wife of Bailey Wood, Mary Wood the wife of William Wood, Susannah Skaggs the wife of Richard Skaggs, Nancy McGraw the wife of Martin McGraw, Elizabeth McGraw the wife of Samuel McGraw, Katherine Wood and Nancy Wood widow of Bailey Wood, decd parties to a certain Deed bearing date the 21st of September 1826 and hereunto annexed personally appeared before us in our county aforesaid and being examined by us privily and apart from their said (said marked out) husbands and having the deed aforesaid fully explained to them they the said Polly Wood, Lucretia Wood, Mary Wood, Susannah Skaggs, Nancy McGraw, Elizabeth McGraw, Katherine Wood and Nancy Wood widow of Bailey Wood decd acknowledge the same to be their act and Deed and declared that they had willingly signed sealed and delivered the same and that they wished not to retract it.
Given under our hands and seals this 21st day of Septr 1826

W. Carnefix (seal)
James Skaggs (seal)

Monroe county clerks office February 10, 1842:
     This deed of bargain & sale from Bailey Woods heirs to John Alderson was acknowledged before two Magestrates in the county of Nicholas & certified and admitted to record.

Teste: Geo. Hutchinson, Jr, CMC

Transcription vs Original Record

Until last week I’d never seen the actual document. On New Year’s Day, I found the original record on FamilySearch. It seemed like a good omen for my genealogy research and a great start for the New Year 2020.

I did my own transcription even though I’ve had a transcript of this indenture for nearly two decades. I received it from a WOOD researcher and descendant, Vernon A. Fox (1924-2002), in an email dated 31 May 2001. My transcription is not 100% the same as the work sent to me by Mr. Fox. Some of the call lines did not match, several words were different, commas had been added, some words were missing, and abbreviated words and symbols had been written out. All of these differences could mean the transcriber was working from a different or less legible copy of the deed.

Narrowing the range for the date of death of Baily WOOD

It has been assumed Bailey WOOD died before 21 September 1826, the date of this indenture. He was not found in the 1810 or 1820 census, i.e. he was not found as a head of household. The 1800 census is lost for Virginia. Bailey did not leave a will in any of the counties he was known to have lived in. No administrative bonds for his estate were found. What other records did he produce which might narrow the range of death?

While checking the catalog at FamilySearch for records in Monroe County, West Virginia, I not only found the above indenture in the Deed Book but also the Land Books, registers in which the tax on land was recorded for each year since Monroe County was formed in 1799.

In the Land Book, I found the 100 acres mentioned in the deed above was taxed from 1810 until 1842. From 1810 to 1819 the owner is listed as Bailey WOOD. From 1821 to 1842 the owner is listed as “Bailey WOOD heirs.” The district in which the land was listed is missing for 1820. How was the landowner listed in 1820? As Bailey WOOD or his heirs? Even with this missing year, the death of Bailey WOOD can be estimated at between 1819-1821 as taxes were paid by him in 1819 and by his heirs in 1821.3

The Heirs and Legal Representatives of Bailey WOOD

Let’s take a look at the heirs and legal representatives. Who were they and when were they married? If their marriage records did not prove Bailey WOOD was their father, would they at least show the individuals were old enough to be children of Bailey and not grandchildren of deceased children?

The indenture shows Bailey WOOD left a widow named Nancy WOOD and the following heirs and legal representatives:

  • James Wood & Polly his wife
  • Bailey Wood & Lucretia his wife
  • William Wood & Mary his wife
  • Richard Skaggs & Susannah his wife
  • Martin McGraw & Nancy his wife
  • Samuel McGraw & Elizabeth his wife
  • Katherine Wood

Of the heirs who were married, records have been found for of all except Bailey WOOD Jr. and his wife Lucretia SKAGGS. All were performed by John ALDERSON – not unusual as the WOOD family were practicing Baptists and members of Alderson’s Old Greenbrier Church.

Susannah WOOD married Richard SKAGGS on 10 March 1789.4 The marriage entry does not name the parents of either the bride or groom.

William WOOD married Mary Ann McGRAW on 18 June 1800.5, 6, 7 Martin and Margaret McGRAW gave permission for their daughter to marry. John WOOD went bond with William WOOD on this marriage. The identity of John WOOD is unknown.

Nancy WOOD married Martin McGRAW Jr. on 3 May 1806.8 The marriage entry does not name parents of either Nancy or Martin.

Bailey WOOD Jr. married Lucretia SKAGGS, likely before 1807. No marriage record has been found. A similar indenture to the 1826 Wood indenture with heirs was found. This 1841 John SKAGGS heirs to Joshua ELLIS deed of bargain and sale includes Bailey WOOD and wife Lucretia as heirs of John SKAGGS who left a widow Catherine SKAGGS. This couple was two of the charter members of the Baptist church formed by John ALDERSON. This record proves Bailey WOOD Jr.’s wife Lucretia was a SKAGGS, daughter of John SKAGGS and Catherine HICKS.9

James WOOD married Mary HALSTEAD on 26 April 1810.10, 11, 12 Neither the marriage entry nor the bond gives information on the parentage of the bride and groom.

Elizabeth WOOD married Samuel McGRAW on 28 May 1812.13, 14 The marriage bond identifies Bailey WOOD as the father of Elizabeth WOOD.

Bailey WOOD was only identified as the father of Elizabeth, the youngest child who was the last to marry. As all of the other heirs married prior to Elizabeth they cannot be grandchildren and therefore must be children of Bailey WOOD.

As Katherine WOOD was named as an heir in 1826 she must have been of age (21 or older) at the time and born 1805 or earlier. An 1850 census listing for Fayette County was found for one Catherine WOOD age 56 (born abt. 1794) living in a SKAGGS household along with a man named James C. WOOD age 27.15 The two WOOD individuals are alone in a household in 1860. The occupation of the woman is governess but crossed out and replaced by wife even though the age of the man is 30 and the woman 60.16 This was done on several other listings on this census and cannot be reliable. I suspect this could be Bailey’s daughter Katherine and that she had a son out of wedlock. Further research is needed as neither were located in the census after 1860.

Who was Bailey WOOD’s wife?

Was Nancy WOOD named as the widow of Bailey WOOD in the indenture the mother of all of the children?

Bailey acquired 450 acres by grant in Greenbrier County in 1788.17 In 1803 he sold 127 acres of the 450 acres land grant to William GRAHAM.18 The other 323 acres were sold to Robert GWINN by Bailey WOOD and his wife Nancy in 1804.19 Nancy was, therefore, his wife as early as 1804.

Ann WOOD, a charter member of the baptist church (1781), was dismissed from the church on 23 April 1825 as was another woman named Polly WOOD.20 Members were dismissed when they left the church for other parts. As both of these women were dismissed on the same date, it would seem probable that they were from the same family. Polly WOOD could be Mary HALSTEAD, wife of James WOOD. If Polly was Mary, could Ann who had been a member for 44 years be her mother-in-law Nancy?

In 1820 Richard SKAGGS (husband of Susannah WOOD)21, William WOOD22, Martin McGRAW (husband of Mary WOOD)23, and Bailey WOOD Jr. were in Nicholas County. They had all moved to Nicholas County before the census.

James WOOD24 and Samuel McGRAW25 (husband of Elizabeth WOOD) were in Monroe County in 1820. James WOOD would move to Nicholas County by 1830. Samuel McGRAW would be in Greenbrier by 1825.

Only James WOOD’s census listing includes an older woman who could be his mother Nancy and a young woman who could be his single sister Katherine.

These census listings account for all of Bailey’s children and his widow in 1820. If my analysis is correct, Bailey WOOD must have died 1819-1820 after the land tax was recorded for 1819 and before the census was taken in 1820. This would support the assumption that the older woman in James’ household was Bailey’s widow Nancy.

Putting the speculation to rest

I strongly believe Ann and Nancy were used interchangeably by Bailey WOOD’s wife. To date, Nancy’s maiden name is unknown. There are hundreds of family trees on Ancestry that have her listed as Nancy HICKS. The maiden name is undocumented.

I found an old post on the Hicks Surname Forum on Genforum by Kitty Steele Barrera dated October 2006 in which she wrote, “I know that the Nancy Hicks/Bailey Wood connection is tentative because I was the first to make the connection. I posted “Bailey Wood married Nancy Hicks?” and before long, it was all over the internet as a fact.26 Kitty mentioned in another message in the same forum that she can be blamed for starting the rumor and the Hicks part is pure speculation.

It is pure speculation that Bailey’s wife Nancy was born Nancy HICKS.

Bailey and Nancy’s son William WOOD was my 4th great-grandfather. No record has been found indicating he had a middle initial or a middle name. As with his mother’s maiden name, William has also been given Hicks as a middle name by some unknown person and the mistake has been copied into hundreds of family trees.

The internet is an amazing tool for genealogy research however misinformation grows quickly and is widely spread. In hopes that this post will help clear up some of the misconceptions and encourage descendants of Bailey and Nancy WOOD to find the records to push back another generation.

© 2020, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. Otis K. Rice, A History of Greenbrier County, Lewisburg, W. Va. : Greenbrier Historical Society, 1986, page 193. 
  2. County Clerk of the County Court, Monroe County (West Virginia), “Deed book, 1789-1901” and “Deed index, 1789-1969” (manuscript on film, browse-only images), FamilySearch (Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1969; 34 microfilm reels; 35 mm), Film 589502, DGS 8219401, Deed book, v. N 1840-1846, pages 187-189, image 124+125 of 411. Citing microfilm of original records at the Monroe County courthouse, Union. 1826 Bailey Wood heirs to John Alderson deed of bargain and sale. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSGX-491G-C?i=123&cat=98998 : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  3. Monroe County (West Virginia) County Assessor, “Land book, 1799-1900” (manuscript on film, browse-only images), FamilySearch (Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1968; 12 microfilm reels, 35 mm). Citing microfilm of original records at the State Auditor’s Office, Charleston. (https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/60462?availability=Family%20History%20Library : accessed 5 January 2020). 
  4. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at http://www.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia, Greenbrier County, 10 March 1789, Susannah Wood and Richard Scags married by John Alderson. 1789 Marriage Record (right page, 7th entry from bottom). Note: bride indexed as Ward and image could be Ward or Wood. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=10975982&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  5. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, 18 June 1800, William Wood and Mary Ann McGraw, permission slip from her parents. “June /newline/ Sir, this coms (sic) to let you now (sic) that I Marten and Marget Mcgraw is wiling that William Wood should have our daughter Mary Ann /newline/ To John Hutchason (Clerk) /newline/ The above was sworn to by John Wood one of the witnesses present.” 1800 Marriage Permission Slip. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11370465&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  6. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, Marriage Bond dated 18 June 1800 for the marriage of William Wood and Mary Ann McGraw. “Marriage Bond #39 William Wood and John Wood went bond on the marriage of William Wood and Mary Anne McGraw (both of Monroe) on 18 June 1800 in Monroe County, Virginia.” 1800 Marriage Bond (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11370480&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  7. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, 18 June 1800 William Wood and Mary Ann McGraw married by John Alderson. 1800 Marriage Record entry (right page, 1st entry under Alderson). (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11369625&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  8. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, 3 May 1806, Nancy Wood and Martin McGraw married by John Alderson, banns were published. 1806 Marriage Record (right page, 4th entry from bottom). (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11369727&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  9. County Clerk of the County Court, Monroe County (West Virginia), “Deed book, 1789-1901” and “Deed index, 1789-1969,” Film 589504, DGS 8219402, Deed book, v. P-Q 1846-1852, pages 487-490, image 686+687 of 743. Citing microfilm of original records at the Monroe County courthouse, Union. 1841 John Skaggs heirs to Joshua Ellis deed of bargain and sale. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSGX-49SY-L?cat=98998 : accessed 1 January 2020). 
  10. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project, West Virginia, Monroe County, 17 April 1810, James Wood and James M. Condon went bond for the marriage of James Wood to Mary Halstead. 1810 Marriage Bond. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11371453&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  11. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, 26 April 1810, James Wood and Mary Halstead by John Alderson. 1810 Application for the marriage license. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11369951&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  12. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, 26 April 1810, James Wood and Mary Halstead married by John Alderson. 1810 Marriage Record entry (right page, last entry). (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11369380&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  13. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, marriage bond dated 19 May 1812, Samuel McGraw and Bailey Wood went bond on the marriage of Bailey’s daughter Elizabeth Wood and Samuel McGraw. 1812 Marriage Bond. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11371819&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  14. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, 28 May 1812, Samuel McGraw and Elizabeth Wood married by John Alderson. 1812 Marriage Record entry (right page, 6th entry). (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11369509&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  15. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry, citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Year: 1850; Census Place: District 14, Fayette, Virginia; Roll: M432_943; Page: 336B; Image: 278. (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  16. 1860 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), Ancestry, citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 3, Fayette, Virginia; Roll: M653_1344; Page: 373; Family History Library Film: 805344. (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  17. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Virginia State Land Office, Grants A-Z, 1-124, reels 42-190; Virginia State Land Office, Grants 125- , reels 369-. The collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Library of Virginia Archives, https://www.lva.virginia.gov/ (Records on Library of Virginia site accessible through the new Collections Discovery System https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/discovery/search?vid=01LVA_INST:01LVA&lang=en), Land Office Grants No. 18, 1788-1789, p. 269 (Reel 84). Wood, Bailey Land grant 31 July 1788, 450 acres on the south side of Greenbrier River adjoining the land or James Givin and the land of Mathias Keen.(https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/18mtacj/alma990008443800205756 : accessed 24 April 2013). 
  18. County Clerk of the County Court, Monroe County (West Virginia), “Deed book, 1789-1901” and “Deed index, 1789-1969,” Film 589348, GDS 8152873, Deed book, v. A 1789-1805, pages 280-281, image 369+370 of 463. Citing microfilm of original records at the Monroe County courthouse, Union. 1803 Bailey Wood to William Graham 127a. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKV-23MT-F?i=368&cat=98998 : accessed 1 January 2020). 
  19. Ibid., Film 589348, GDS 8152873, Deed book, v. A 1789-1805, pages 330-331, image 394+395 of 463. Citing microfilm of original records at the Monroe County courthouse, Union. 1804 Bailey Wood and Nancy to Robert Gwinn 323a.(https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKV-23M5-S?i=393&cat=98998 : accessed 1 January 2020). 
  20. Journal of the Greenbrier Historial Society, page 92. Greenbrier Historical Society, Lewisburg, West Virginia (a yearly publication, year unknown). (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 2 August 2017, courtesy of Kitty Steele Barrera) 
  21. 1820 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), Ancestry, citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, 1820 US Census; Census Place: Nicholas, Virginia; Page: 204A; NARA Roll: M33_130; Image: 388. Richard Skaggs household (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  22. Ibid., 1820 US Census; Census Place: Nicholas, Virginia; Page: 205A; NARA Roll: M33_130; Image: 389. William Wood and Bailey Wood households (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  23. Ibid., 1820 US Census; Census Place: Nicholas, Virginia; Page: 204; NARA Roll: M33_130; Image: 387. Martin McGraw household (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  24. Ibid., 1820 US Census; Census Place: Union, Monroe, Virginia; Page: 188; NARA Roll: M33_133; Image: 227. James Wood household (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  25. Ibid., 1820 US Census; Census Place: Peterstown, Monroe, Virginia; Page: 179; NARA Roll: M33_133; Image: 218. Samuel McGraw household (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  26. Kitty Steele, “Re: Bailey Woods and Nancy Hicks,” Hicks Surname Forum, 29 October 2006, message 9940, Genealogy.com, GenForum (https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/hicks/9940/ : accessed 1/1/2020) 

52 Ancestors: #35 Margaret KINCAID abt. 1794-abt. 1865

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #35 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#35 Margaret KINCAID abt. 1794-abt. 1865

Margaret KINCAID was my four times great-grandmother. Although many family researchers have her nicknamed Peggy, I haven’t seen any document with this name and cannot bring myself to refer to her as “Peggy.” Margaret was the daughter of John KINCAID (1760-1834) and Elizabeth GILLESPIE (1760-1829). Her parents were both born the year George III became the King of England.

John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE married on 11 February 1782 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia by John ALDERSON.1,2 This was towards the end of the American Revolutionary War (19 April 1775-14 January 1784) and in the middle of the little over one year that John served his country: 6 or 7 months from February 1781, 3 months from September 1782, and 3 months in the summer of 1783.3

Court Records Prove A Lot of the Children, In-Laws, and Outlaws

While visiting West Virginia in June 2007, Linda Crowder Perdue found the “micro film for the Kanawha County Court Records in which the case against John Kincaid and Matthew Kincaid for burning down the bridge across the Gauley River in July 1826 is recorded.”4,5

At a Court held for Kanawha County at the court house thereof on Monday the 24th day of July 1826 for the examination of Matthew Kincaid and John Kincaid who have charged with having on the 11th of July 1826 feloniously burned the bridge across the Gauley River.

This wonderful find included the names of witnesses called for the defendants, Margaret’s brother Matthew and her father John, and for the Commonwealth. The persons listed, as Sarah Kincaid so aptly wrote, prove some relationships in the KINCAID family including in-laws and outlaws.6

Update as of 1 January 2020: Since this post was written five years ago, the content from the old archives of Rootsweb’s mailing lists has been imported into new archives. The links (now in the footnotes) to the Kincaid Mailing List (kincaid@rootsweb.com) for the posts made by Linda Perdue and Sarah Kincaid have been updated (once again in August 2022 as the links had again changed). Thank you to my cousin/reader for bringing the broken links to my attention.

Who Were Margaret’s Siblings?

I needed help with this question. Who better to ask than Linda who found the court records? I had one or two persons who were not correct and a couple of siblings were missing. At the present time, with the research that has been done so far, this is, I believe, a reliable list even though I question the estimated birth of son Samuel.

John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE were the parents of the following children, all born in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia:

◉ Sarah “Sallie” KINCAID (1783- ) was born about 1782
◉ Hannah KINCAID (1783- ) was born about 1783
◉ Matthew KINCAID (1785-1857) was born about 1785
◉ Samuel KINCAID (1787- ) was born between 1787-1791 [or about 1802??]
◉ James Gillespie KINCAID (1792-1852) was born on 19 December 17927
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID (1793-1850) was born on 2 December 17938
◉ Margaret KINCAID (1793-1865) was born about 1794
◉ Virginia “Jane” KINCAID (1795-1870) was born about 1795
◉ Nancy KINCAID (1801-aft 1880) was born about 1801
◉ Magdaline “Lina” KINCAID (1806-1876) was born on 7 March 18069
◉ Lanty KINCAID (1806- ) was born on 7 March 1806

Marriages of Margaret’s Siblings

In 1798 when Margaret was about four years old her two oldest sisters married, Sarah in October and Hannah in December. They appear to have been very close in age but not yet of age as their father signed permission slips for both. It is not known if they were twins like Lina and Lanty.

◉ Sarah “Sallie” KINCAID married Thomas Alexander TERRY ( -1839) on 23 October 1798 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia10,11
◉ Hannah KINCAID married James M. WALKER on 13 December 1798 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia12,13
◉ Matthew KINCAID married Mary “Polly” MURDOCK (1788-1839) on 2 June 1807 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia14
◉ Samuel KINCAID married Elizabeth “Betsy” WALKER ( – ) on 26 Apr 1809?? This marriage has not been proven.15
◉ Margaret KINCAID married James INGRAM on 24 October  1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia16
◉ James Gillespie KINCAID married Mary “Molly” Magdalene TRITT (1792-1869) on 17 December 1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. No marriage record was found.17
◉ Virginia “Jane” KINCAID married William “Moccasin Bill” KINCAID (1787-1870) on 22 November 1810 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia18
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID married(1) Samuel LINEGAR (1789- ) about 1810. No marriage record was found.
◉ Magdaline “Lina” KINCAID married Reuben WYATT (1796-1853) on 25 June 1823 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia19
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID married(2) Squire James STURGEON (1785- ) before 1823. No marriage record was found.
◉ Nancy KINCAID married Thomas HUGHES (1778-1853) on 24 February 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia20
◉ Lanty KINCAID married Nancy FLANAGAN (1802- ) on 25 December 1827 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia21

Margaret’s Life With/Without James INGRAM

As noted above, Margaret KINCAID married James INGRAM on 24 October 1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. She was only 15 at the time of her marriage (1850 age 56) and James, her groom, was more than twice her age, about 35 years old (1860 age 86).

In 1810 when the census was taken Margaret and James were most likely in their own household and not yet parents. Greenbrier is one of the counties that were “lost.” We see James INGRAM as head of household in 1820, 1830, and 1840 censuses with tick marks for his wife Margaret and children:20,21,22

1820censusingram
1820 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Greenbrier [ancestry.com]. Listing: 3 males under 10 yo (James Jr., Joshua, Robert), 1 male over 45 yo (James), 1 female under 10 yo (unknown daughter), 1 female over 45 yo (Margaret, her age would be ca. 26 per 1850 census), 1 person engaged in agriculture, 6 persons in household.

1830censusingram
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Kanawha [ancestry.com]. Listing: 1 male under 5 (Matthew), 1 male 5-10 (John), 2 males 10-15 (Joshua & Robert), 1 male 15-20 (James Jr.), 1 male 50-60 (James), 1 female under 5 (Cynthia), and 1 female 40-50 (Margaret), 8 persons in household.

1840censusingram
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayett [ancestry.com]. Listing: 2 males 10-15 (Matthew & John), 1 male 15-20 (Robert), 1 male 60-70 (James), 1 female 5-10 (Ruth), 1 female 10-15 (Cynthia), 1 female 50-60 (Margaret), 7 persons in household, 2 engaged in agriculture.

Margaret’s Children

◉ Ch 1: James INGRAM (1811-1835) was born about 1811 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia, and died before April 1835 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. He did not marry or have children.23
◉ Ch 2: Joshua INGRAM (1813-1860) was born about 1813 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Joshua married Mahala C. STEELE (1823-1888) bet. 1841-1845 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. They were the parents of six children. Joshua died between 1860-1862. His widow remarried and applied for a Mexican War Pension after the death of her second husband.24
◉ Ch 3: _____ (daughter) INGRAM was born between 1811-1820 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. This child was not with the family in 1830.
◉ Ch 4: Robert INGRAM (1819-1902) was born about 1819 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Robert married Huldah JOHNSON (1817-1880) about 1841 in Fayette County (West) Virginia. They were the parents of seven children. He died about 1902 in Fayette County at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID, son of Margaret’s brother James Gillespie KINCAID.25
◉ Ch 5: John INGRAM (1820-1870) was born about 1820 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. John married(1) Lucy Jane SKAGGS (1824-1853) on 13 February 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia26; married(2) Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia27; and married(3) Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County, West Virginia.28 John had a son with his first wife and a daughter and a son with his second wife. He died after 1870 and was buried near his home on the Poca according to family tradition.
◉ Ch 6: Matthew INGRAM (1824-1900) was born on 9 January 1824 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia.29 Matthew married Sarah Francis MARTIN (1834-1906) on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio.30 They were the parents of ten children. He died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville, Kanawha County, West Virginia, and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk District in Kanawha County.31,32
◉ Ch 7: Cynthia INGRAM (1828-1910) was born on 25 March 1828 in (West) Virginia.33 Cynthia married John B. “Johnny” TINCHER (1815-1890) on 23 March 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia.34 They were the parents of six children. She died on 3 May 1910 and was buried in Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia.35
◉ Ch 8: Ruth INGRAM (1832-1880) was born about 1832 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. Ruth married John Johnson DARLINGTON (1826-1900) on 9 January 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia.36 They were the parents of a dozen children. She died between 1880-1900.

Other Events in the Life of Margaret

In 1826 while Margaret was raising her family, her husband James INGRAM was one of the persons who had to make a personal appearance to give evidence at the trial of his father-in-law John KINCAID and his brother-in-law Matthew KINCAID. They were on trial for the 11 July 1826 burning of the first bridge built across the Gauley River.37,38,39,40,41,42

Following the trial, Margaret’s sister Hannah and her husband James WALKER moved from Kanawha County in (West) Virginia to Darke County, Ohio. The move must have been soon after Hannah was a witness for the trial and before 1830. In a biographical sketch of their son-in-law Samuel LITTON we see that the WALKERs, Hannah and James, moved to Adams County, Indiana, in 1850 where they died in 1871.43 I read the article several times to be sure the author was referring to Hannah and James and not to their daughter Margaret and her husband Samuel LINTON as  I have not been able to prove Hannah and James were living in 1850.

Margaret’s mother Elizabeth GILLESPIE died in 1829 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia.44

Margaret’s youngest brother Lanty KINCAID, who was last seen in a land deed dated 1832, disappeared around this time.45 The search for him has been hampered by another Lanty KINCAID of approximately the same age who lived in Greenbrier and Fayette counties. This second Lanty left a few more records that prove that he was the son of Lancelot “Lanty” KINCAID and Catherine SCOTT.

Margaret’s father John KINCAID applied for a Revolutionary War pension. He appeared in the court of Fayette County on 15 February 1834 to give his statement about the service rendered.46 His death is not mentioned in the pension papers and is estimated at after 15 February 1834.

Margaret’s sister Elizabeth STURGEON was most likely the first of her siblings to pass away about 1850.47 This is assuming their youngest brother Lanty did not die between 1832-1850.

In 1850 Margaret had her own household while her husband James INGRAM was living in the household of John TINCHER who would become his son-in-law in less than a year.48,49

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > HH #462-462 [ancestry.com]
In the 1850s Margaret lost two brothers and a sister. James Gillespie KINCAID died bef 10 June 1852 in Kincaid, Fayette County, (West) Virginia.50 Matthew KINCAID died after 1857, possibly in Missouri. Sarah TERRY died between 1850 and 1860.51

In 1860 Margaret was not found in the census. Her children were married and had their own households. Her husband James INGRAM was listed alone in a household.52 There are two family traditions concerning the deaths of Margaret and James. One is that James moved to Sissonville to live with their son Matthew after Margaret died. The other is that James died first and Margaret lived with her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. until her death several years later. The year 1865 seems to be the pivot point as Margaret’s husband James is said to have died in the fall of 1865.

Margaret’s surviving siblings were Virginia “Jane” KINCAID53 and Magdaline “Lina” WYATT54 died after the 1870 census while Nancy HUGHES55 died after the 1880 census. Her brothers Samuel and Lanty KINCAID, whose whereabouts remain a mystery (for now), may have also survived her.

This Post was Updated on 28 August 2022Missing source citations were added, images were scaled, and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 32, Greenbrier County Minister Returns, page 71, entry 4, 11 Feb 1782, John Kincaid and Eliza Gillaspy married by John Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00032.jpg : accessed 24 March 2020). 
  2. The bride’s name was written Eliza Gillaspy on her marriage record. The middle name Hannah appears to have been added by someone in their tree and copied by others. I have found no record of her being named Elizabeth Hannah Gillespie (or Gillaspy). 
  3. “U.S. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900” (index and images), Ancestry.com, citing original data: Records of the Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15. National Archives, Washington, D.C.(NARA microfilm publication M804, 2,670 rolls), Roll M804_1485, Surname Range: Kimmer, Nicholas – Kiney, James, images 467 thru 501 of 1150, John Kincaid, pension file number S 19367 (accessed 6 October 2011). 
  4. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, RootsWeb (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid), [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774008 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  5. Ibid., [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning–Part 2 by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774018 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  6. Ibid., Re: [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Sarah Kincaid dated 11 November 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4773999 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  7. Transcribed from the Gillespie Bible. On the back inside cover is written: “James Gillespie Jr. His book. July 20, 1760 Cow Pasture.” The dates of birth of Elizabeth Gillespie, Elizabeth Kincaid, and the twins were included between the covers. 
  8. Ibid. 
  9. Ibid. 
  10. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 62, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 143, entry 27, 23 Oct 1798, Thomas Terry and Sarah Kincaid, married by Josiah Osbourn. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00062.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  11. The original marriage bond and consent are held by the Greenbrier Historical Society. “Sir Please grant Thomas Terry marriage licience to marry my dauter Sarrah Kinciad and in so doing you will oblige ……….. friend. John Kincaid and Elizabeth Kincaid. Test: George Kincaid and Archibald Campbell” 
  12. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 68, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 160, entry 9, 13 Dec 1798, James Walker and Hanna Kincaid, married by Jno Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00068.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  13. Greenbrier Historical Society. “December the 7 day of 1798 Sir
    please to grant marrage lisons to James Walker and my dauter Hannah
    Kincaid and in so doing you will much oblidge your friends. John Kincaid Elizabeth Kincaid Test George Kincaid Tho. Terry. This certificate sworn to by George Kincaid A Hamilton. Col John Stuart” 
  14. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 1710518, image 1138, 2 Jun 1807 Matthew Kincade and John Murdock went bond for the marriage of Matthew Kincade and Polly Murdock in Monroe County. (http://images.wvculture.org/1710518/01138.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  15. 1809 marriage not proven. I have a problem with this one as I found a marriage for a couple with the same names in Kanawha County on 26 September 1826. This could be a match with Samuel Kincaid b. abt. 1802 who is seen in the 1850 census in Fayette County with two children Mary and Alex. Is there a document that proves that Samuel who married Elizabeth Walker was the son of John and Elizabeth? 
  16. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 31, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 64, entry 16, Jas. Ingram and Margaret Kincaid, married by Josiah Osburn. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00031.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  17. No marriage record was found in Greenbrier or Monroe. There are discrepancies in facts and locations; material found may be based on tradition and “facts” related by family members. 
  18. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 33, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 72, lin 22, 22 November 1810, William Kincaid and Jane Kincaid, married by X. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00033.jpg : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  19. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 495643, image 130, Re-Index and Copy of Marriage Record No. 1 Nicholas County, line 4, 25 Jun 1823 Ruben Wiatt and Magdelina Kincade, married by Isaac Reynolds. (http://images.wvculture.org/495643/00130.jpg : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  20. 1820 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/), citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, NARA Roll: M33_132, image: 154, Virginia, Greenbrier County, Lewisburg, page 176 (crossed out, should be 178), line 14, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  21. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Nara Roll M19_191, FHL Film: 0029670, Virginia, Kanawha, page 197 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  22. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, NARA Roll: M704_555, FHL Film: 0029685, Virginia, Fayette County, page 3 (double-page spread, left side), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  23. Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993 (Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, 310 Oyler Avenue, Oak Hill, WV 25901,1993), pg. 21. Personal copy bought 2000. In April of 1835, an election was held in Fayette Co. (including the area that is now Raleigh Co.) to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, James Ingrahm and his son Joshua Ingraham are on the list of voters who voted for Kanawha Falls. James, Jr. could possibly have been deceased at this time. 
  24. “United States Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing NARA microfilm publication T317 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.) Lea, Adolphe – Memorank, Ferdinand, v. 9 > image 383 of 4434 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GBCZ-5R1?cc=1979390&wc=M61R-NZ9%3A321930601 : accessed 3 October 2018). 
  25. Luella Arlene Loving Lowther, First Tidbits of Information on Robert Ingram and Huldah Johnson (email correspondence in May 2000). 
  26. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 57, entry 7, 13 Feb 1851, John Ingram and Lucy Jane Skaggs, married by Allen Wood. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  27. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521719, image 379, Registry of Marriage Licenses, Kanawha County, no page number (double-page spread), lin 8, 11 Jul 1860 (license), John Ingraham and Delilah Smith . (http://images.wvculture.org/521719/00379.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  28. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521719, image 511, Register of Marriage Licenses, Kanawha County, and Record of Marriages Returned, page 26 (stamped), line 184, 29 Nov 1869 (license), John Ingram and Mary E. Adkins, 1 Dec 1869 (marriage). (http://images.wvculture.org/521719/00511.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  29. Ibid., Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  30. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing digital images of originals housed at the county courthouses in Ohio, Meigs > Marriage records 1852-1862 vol 2 > image 77 of 271 > page 96 (stamped), entry 1, 20 Aug 1854, Matthew Ingram and Sarah Frances Martin, married by R. Wilkinson, M.G., citing Meigs County, Ohio. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-91QN-R8?cc=1614804&wc=Z51G-DP8%3A121348301%2C121390201 : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  31. See Note 29, supra. 
  32. James Simon Ingram, compiler, History of the Ingram Family, includes family groups sheets and census information sent per email by the compiler to Cathy Meder-Dempsey in May 2001 (prepared in October 1997). Before 1850. 
  33. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584754, image 164, Fayette County Register of Deaths, page 165 (double-page spread), entry 27, 2nd district, Cynthia Tincher, 3 May 1910, age 82 yrs 1 month 8 days, died in Page. (http://images.wvculture.org/584754/00164.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). Note: age at death calculates to a birth date of 25 March 1829. 
  34. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 219, Fayette County Marriages, page 59, entry 2, 23 Mar 1851, John Tincher and Cinthy Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00219.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  35. See Note 3, supra. 
  36. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 56, entry 9, 9 Jan 1851, John Johnson Darlington and Ruth Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  37. Kanawha County (West Virginia). County Clerk, County Court record book, 1803-1880 (images), FamilySearch (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1967 citing microreproduction of original at the County Courthouse.), Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 54 of 561, page 76-77 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B9C2-J?i=53&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2022). 
  38. Ibid., Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 55 of 561, page 78-79 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B9C3-D?i=54&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2021). 
  39. Ibid., Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 56 of 561, page 80-81 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B98M-1?i=55&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2021). 
  40. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, RootsWeb (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid), A mailing list for the discussion and sharing of information regarding the Kincaid surname and variations in any place and at any time; [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774008 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  41. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning–Part 2 by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774018 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  42. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, Re: [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Sarah Kincaid dated 11 November 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4773999 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  43. Biographical and historical record of Adams and Wells counties, Indiana
    (The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago 1887), “History of Adams County,” a biographical sketch of Samuel Litton, page 284 (https://archive.org/details/biographicalhistawcty01chic/page/n523/mode/2up?view=theater : accessed 1 September 2014). 
  44. [WVFAYETT] County Mailing List, RootsWeb, (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=wvfayett), [WVFAYETT] 2001-06-13 Kincaid info posted by Barb Harvey (her source Gertrude Settle Draper)(https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=wvfayett&thread=18960581 : accessed 19 August 2022) 
  45. Greenbrier County (West Virginia) County Clerk, “Deeds (Greenbrier County, West Virginia), 1780-1901” (non-indexed images), FamilySearch, Microfilm of original records at the Greenbrier County Courthouse in Lewisburg, West Virginia, Film 593552, DGS 8589066, Deeds, v. 13-14 1829-1840, Deed Book 13, page 330-331, 24 Dec 1832 Lanty Kincaid and Nancy of Fayette County Virginia to Mathew Kincaid, $1.00, one moiety of an undivided tract of land containing 50a in Greenbrier County on the waters of Lick Creek, bounded … , it being the one undivided moiety of the same tract conveyed to John Kincaid Senr. by Sam’l Withrow and wife by deed bearing date the 28th May 1816 … (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C37T-HT99?i=173&cat=98577 : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  46. See Note 3, supra. 
  47. “U.S., Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index, 1850-1880”, Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/), compiled and digitized by Ron V. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes, Elizabeth Sturgeon, 1850, Fayette County, WV, age 56, female, died in April, state of birth not given, occupation none listed, cause of death fever, ID# 197_321570, index only, no image (accessed 19 August 2022). 
  48. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 366A, household 462-462, lines 4-7, Margaret Ingram (accessed 11 June 2018). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  49. Ibid., Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 362B, household 419-419, lines 10-15, laborer in the John Tincher household (accessed 19 December 2012). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  50. “Court minutes and order books, 1837-1928,” browse-only images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Fayette County, West Virginia courthouse., Film 585503, DGS 8613698, Minute books, v. 3-4 1848-1861, image 106 of 393, page 487, 10 June 1852, entry 5, letters of administration for the estate of James Kincaid granted to John Kincaid. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1GRR?i=105&cat=100698 : accessed 27 August 2022). 
  51. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 334A, household 56-56, lines 37-41, Thomas Terry including his mother and sister (accessed 30 August 2014). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  52. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653_1344; Family History Library Film: 805344; Virginia, Fayette County, District 4, sheet 422, page 126, household 937-864, line 33, James Ingrum (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  53. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686; West Virginia, Fayette County, Falls of Kanawha, sheet 105A, page 21, household 138-134, lines 22-30, Sam Kincaid family with his mother Jane (accessed 10 July 2018). The official enumeration day of the 1870 census was 1 June 1870. 
  54. Ibid., Roll: M593_1231; Ohio, Lawrence County, Perry, sheet 450A, household 22-22, lines 33-38, William H. Wyatt family with his mother Magdaline (accessed 28 August 2022). The official enumeration day of the 1870 census was 1 June 1870. 
  55. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll:1409; West Virginia, Nicholas County, Grant, Enumeration District: 103, page 6, sheet 68B, household 48-48, lines 28-32, Thomas Hughes family with his grandmother Nancy Hughes in household (accessed 29 August 2014). The official enumeration day of the 1880 census was 1 June 1880. 

52 Ancestors: #34 James INGRAM, Where Did You Hide the Key?

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #34 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#34 James INGRAM, Where Did You Hide the Key?

Oral tradition, passed on through the generations, can help our genealogy research but it can also be a hindrance. When I started my Facebook page, more than a year before I started blogging, I wrote short summaries about my brick walls. My 4th great-grandfather James INGRAM, born between 1771-1774 in Virginia and died fall of 1865 in West Virginia, was the subject of the post I wrote in December 2012. Unfortunately, no headway has been made on his parentage. One of these days I’ll find the key to open the door in the INGRAM brick wall.

Speculation

Ester INGRAM (also seen as Esther and Easter) may have been the mother of James INGRAM (b. 1771-1774 d. 1865). She is the first INGRAM to be found in Greenbrier County Personal Property Tax Lists in 1792 suggesting that she was a widow by this time.1,2 She sold a 95-acre land grant received in 1795 in 1800 and had at least two daughters who married in Greenbrier with her permission.

◉ Patience INGRAM and David STAY
Easter INGRAM signed a marriage permission slip for “my daughter” on 19 May 1790. David STAY and John KING went bond. Easter’s husband was not named in these records.3 The register of marriages in Greenbrier County includes the minister who married the couple, likely information taken from the minister’s returns. Per this register, they were married by Jno McCue on 23 May 1791 (sic, 1790).4

◉ Elizabeth INGRAM and Francis STORY
Nancy C. Story Adkins obtained a photocopy of the original marriage bond from the Greenbrier Historical Society. It states they married on 20 December 1798 and Elizabeth’s mother Esther INGRAM gave her permission.5 The couple was married by John Alderson.6

I had a slight panic attack when I was pulling this together and realized that Ester could have been the first name for a male. I checked the original land grant for the 95 acres that she sold in 1800 at the Library of Virginia and it shows that she was a female.7

grant
Ester Ingram and her Heirs…

Was Ester INGRAM the mother of our James INGRAM? Who was the husband of Ester INGRAM? Was James the brother of Nancy INGRAM (md. 1787 William SLAVEN)8 and Parnal INGRAM (md. 1793 Eliza CARMONS)9 who also married in Greenbrier? Note: Nancy has been listed as the daughter of Abraham INGRAM but without supporting evidence.

Speculation Aside, Let’s Have a Look at His Life

James INGRAM is first found in Greenbrier County on a list of rangers in 1793. The Rangers militia was organized to protect the frontier and its settlers from Indian attacks. On 27 May 1793 Captain Hugh CAPERTON’s company of rangers were at Fort Lee on the Elk and Kanawha Rivers guarding the Kanawha Valley settlers near what is now Charleston, West Virginia.10 “Mad Anthony” WAYNE’s victory over the Indians in 1794 ended the Indian threat in what is now West Virginia.

roster

James INGRAM was not with the rangers on 6 May 1792. Was he too young at the time?

In 1795 and 1797 James is seen in the Greenbrier County court orders:

◉ 31 March 1795 – John MATHEWS vs. James INGRAM in debt11

◉ 1 April 1797 – Jonathan MATHEWS assee of James INGRAM vs. William GILLILAND in debt12

James was on a Personal Property Tax List on 16 April 1799 in Greenbrier County with 1 tithable and 2 horses.13 This was the first time he was on a list. His surname was spelled INGRIM. Also on this list was a John INGRIM with 1 tithable and 1 horse. No further trace of him has been found. Was he a brother?

Taxation: Virginia began keeping records of residents’ payments of personal property and land taxes in 1782. The Library of Virginia has these on microfilm. Published abstracts of some of these can be found online. I am convinced that this may be the key to opening the doors in many of my brick walls in Virginia. Living overseas I can only hope that the full collection will someday be found on the internet. I want to be able to look at each year, study the neighbors of each ancestor, and see the things that may not have been included in the abstracts.

Update (17 August 2022): The personal property tax lists for Virginia counties on FamilySearch have changed from being restricted to being available to browse online from 2019-2021. The Greenbrier lists were checked for Ingram on 27 November 2021. James INGRAM was found as early as 1798. Other persons with the INGRAM surname were found and will be shared in a future post.

A month later, on 28 May 1799, James was “on jury” in Greenbrier.14 He was next seen on the 1803 (below) and 1805 tax lists of Greenbrier County, both times with 1 titable and 1 horse.15,16

1803tax
Source: http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/Greenbrier/1803PersonalB/10.jpg

On 28 February 1809 John CONNER and his wife Mary sold 120 acres for $1.00 to James INGRAM on Meadow River and Sewel on the ridge opposite Buffalow Lick in Greenbrier County.17

Later in the year, James INGRAM married Margaret KINCAID, daughter of John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE, on 24 October 1809 in Greenbrier County.18 They were married by Rev. Josiah OSBURN of the Baptist church.19

James and Margaret were not found on the 1810 census as Greenbrier was one of the “lost” counties. He was still in the county as he is on the 1810 Personal Property List B with 1 tithable:20

1810tax
1810 Personal Property List B > Greenbrier County, Virginia. Source: http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/FreeSample/CDR-000484/1810/1810PersonalB/06.pdf

James and Margaret’s first child, a son James Jr., was born about 1811 most likely on the land in Greenbrier County that James bought from the CONNERs in 1809.

On 25 February 1812 James and wife Margaret sold the 120 acres that James bought in 1809 for $1.00 to Newbury STOCKTON. The land, conveyed to James INGRAM by John CONNER in 1809, was “on point of ridge that leads to Buffaloe Lick in Greenbrier County.”21

During the War of 1812 (18 Jun 1812-24 Dec 1814) James and Margaret’s second son, Joshua (1813-ca.1861) was born. His birth has been estimated at about 1813 in Greenbrier. In 1815 James was on the Personal Property Tax Lists of Greenbrier with 1 tithable, 3 horses, and 5 cows.22 The next child, a daughter, born during the 1810s, was followed by my 3rd great-grandfather Robert (1819-1902) born about 1819 in Greenbrier.

1820censusingram
1820 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Greenbrier [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1820 census of Greenbrier County with the following persons in his household: 3 males under 10 yo (James Jr., Joshua, Robert), 1 male over 45 yo (James), 1 female under 10 yo (unknown daughter), 1 female over 45 yo (Margaret, her age would be ca. 26 per 1850 census), 1 person engaged in agriculture, 6 persons in household.23

Three more children were born during the 1820s: John about 1820, Matthew on 9 January 182424, and Cynthia on 25 March 1829 (or 1828).25,26

Ingram Cabin

“A century and a half ago, a pioneer cabin stood in a little valley drained by a branch that flows down from cotton Hill to New River at the Narrow Falls, opposite and slightly above the mouth of Cane Branch. The little stream was known as Ingram Branch, from the name of the family that lived in the cabin. Two surveys made there in 1829 refer to Ingram’s house, to his road leading down to the river, and to Ingram Branch, the tiny tributary of New River. Though the first name of the settler is not given, it may be suspected that this was James Ingram who married Margaret (Peggy) Kincaid, daughter of John and Elizabeth Kincaid, who settled on the opposite side of the river at Cane Branch as early as 1811, and who patented land there and at the mouth of Gauley.
Ingram apparently took no steps to secure formal title to his improvement, however, and in 1829 two residents of Kanawha Falls set up rival claims to Ingram’s improvement and to some hundreds of acres surrounding it, by reason of entries and surveys made for them in that year. The map accompanying these surveys shows the location of the Ingram house to be on the branch approximately one hundred thirty poles above its mouth. This was doubtless the first cabin in that little nook of the hills. Ingram was not a permanent settler, however. He was succeeded there by Andrew and Mary Blake, and soon after the above date, James and Margaret Ingram appeared as settlers on the upper part of Loup Creek at a branch which also came to be called Ingram Branch. There they were permanent settlers and the name has survived both as a place name and family.
Ingram, also written as Inghram and Ingraham, was originally Ingelram, a Norman-French personal name.”27

It is said that James probably settled on Loup Creek (also seen as Loop Creek) at about the same time as James KINCAID (1792-1852), brother of Margaret, or soon after. The place he selected was at the mouth of a branch three miles farther up Loup Creek than Kincaid’s cabin. The branch is now called Ingram Branch. The 120-acre tract, including Ingram’s improvement, was patented by his sons, Robert and Matthew, in 1843, several years after the settlement.28 The move may have been in the 1820s.  Ingram Branch become part of Fayette County in 1831 when the county was formed. At the time of the 1830 census, it was most likely part of Kanawha County as the family was on the census of that county.

120acres

a certain Tract of Land, containing one hundred and twenty acres: lying and being in Fayette County on Loop creek and bounded as follow, towit Beginning at a white oak and gum corner to John Kincaid, on the Left hand side of the creek & with crossing the same S6W54 poles to a sugar tree & beech corner to same and leaving S67W60 poles to two chestnut oaks on a point S88W106 poles to a white oak North 48 poles to a white oak on a ridge N19W66 poles to a maple and hickory N48 W24 poles to a maple and beech N8W (crossing the creek) 34 poles to two chestnuts on a South hillside S69E230 poles to the beginning with its appurtenances.

First Ingram Child Married in 1829?

During this period of time, James INGRAM’s family was the only family of this name in the area of Greenbrier, Kanawha, Monroe, and Nicholas counties. I have not done a complete study of all Ingram, Ingrum, Inghram, and Ingharam in the early censuses of Virginia. There were Inghram and Ingharam individuals in Lewis, Wood, Tyler, and Ohio counties. Lewis and Wood bordered Kanawha County in 1829 (see Interactive Map of West Virginia County Formation History).

Charles WALKER married Elizabeth INGRAM on 4 August 1829 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia.29 No further information has been found on this marriage or couple. Was Elizabeth the unknown daughter listed in the 1820 census?

1830censusingram
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Kanawha [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1830 census of Kanawha County with the following persons in his household: 1 male under 5 (Matthew), 1 male 5-10 (John), 2 males 10-15 (Joshua & Robert), 1 male 15-20 (James Jr.), 1 male 50-60 (James), 1 female under 5 (Cynthia), and 1 female 40-50 (Margaret), 8 persons in household.30

James and Margaret’s youngest child Ruth was born about 1832 in Fayette County. Between 1831 and 1835, the oldest son, James Jr., died in early manhood without marrying.31 He is buried in the Kincaid Cemetery in Kincaid, Fayette County, West Virginia.32

In 1834 James was listed as having an account with Mr. LANDCRAFT, a store owner. I discovered the September 1834 inventory and appraisement of the estate of Melitus J. Landcraft while searching through the early Will Books for Fayette County. Mr. LANDCRAFT appears to have been a merchant (goods are listed) and many of my Fayette County relatives had accounts on his books and/or notes of debts. Very helpful are several “son of” mentions following the names.33

In an election held on 1 April 1835 in Fayette County to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, “James INGRAHM” and his son “Joshua INGRAHAM” voted for Kanawha Falls.34

1840censusingram
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayett [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1840 census of Fayette County with the following persons in his household: 2 males 10-15 (Matthew & John), 1 male 15-20 (Robert), 1 male 60-70 (James), 1 female 5-10 (Ruth), 1 female 10-15 (Cynthia), 1 female 50-60 (Margaret), 7 persons in household, 2 engaged in agriculture. James’ oldest living child Joshua had his own household nearby.35

Following the 1840 census, James’ sons began to marry. Geraldine Dempsey Workman (1931-2007) wrote, “….pages are missing from the Marriage book at the courthouse.” We can only assume that Robert married Huldah JOHNSON (1817-1880) about 1841 and Joshua married Mahala C. STEELE (1823-1888) bet. 1841-1845 and that their marriage records may have been on these missing pages.

According to family tradition, James’ son John was the first to leave the area. He moved to the Poca River in Kanawha County before the 1850 census.36

In 1850 James, age 70, a laborer, unable to read or write, is in the household of John TINCHER, a widower with three young children and his widowed mother.37 At the same time, Margaret INGRAM, 56, is with her/their children Ruth, 18, Matthew, 25, and Cynthia, 23 living next door to her/their son Robert.38 Was James boarding with the family while working away from home? Or were James and Margaret separated?

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayette [ancestry.com]
In 1851 James INGRAM and his wife Margaret saw three of their children marrying and setting up housekeeping. On January 9, Ruth was married to John DARLINGTON, the youngest son of Benjamin DARLINGTON and Mary JOHNSON, and lived at various places on Loup Creek.39 On February 13, John married Lucy Jane SKAGGS, the daughter of Joseph Preston SKAGGS and Mary LEWIS in Fayette County.40 On March 23, Cynthia INGRAM married John “Johnny” TINCHER, the son of William and Patsy TINCHER of Loup Creek.41

In 1852 Matthew followed his brother John to Sissonville on the Poca River in Kanawha County. Robert bought Matthew’s interest in the 120-acre grant and became the sole owner.42 Matthew was the last of James’ children to marry on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Sarah Francis MARTIN, the daughter of Dio Clesian MARTIN and Catherine KIDD.43

James’ son John, who was widowed in the 1850s, married Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County.44

1860census
1860 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > District 4 > Rock Hill > Page 126/422 > HH # 917-864 [ancestry.com]
In 1860 James is, once again, not living with his wife Margaret. He is listed as 86 years old and a laborer living alone in between James and Eleanor BERRY and John and  Lovina GODDARD in the Rocky Hill P.O. district.45 Margaret may have been living at the home of her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. in Kincaid as this is where she died about 1865 according to family tradition.

James’ son Joshua died between 1860-1862. The death record has not been found however his widow Mahala C. INGRAHAM remarried on 23 August 1862 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Isaac E. LEWIS, a veteran of the Mexican War.46

According to family tradition in the summer of 1865, after the death of his wife, James went to live with his son Matthew in Sissonville in Kanawha County. James may have held his youngest grandchild Absolam, son of Matthew, born 30 September 1865, in his arms before the child died on 3 October 1865. James died in the fall of 1865 at the home of his son Matthew. He is estimated to have been about 90 years old and may be buried near the Methodist Church in Sissonville but this has not been proven.47

James INGRAM was survived by his sons Robert, John, and Matthew; his daughters Cynthia TINCHER and Ruth DARLINGTON, and at least 30 grandchildren and possibly a great-grandchild through his son Joshua’s eldest daughter Mary.

The family would continue to grow with a total of 42 grandchildren. Son John, once again widowed, married a third time to Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County.48 He died before 1880. Daughter Ruth died before 1900. Son Matthew died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk District in Kanawha County.49 Son Robert died about 1902 at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID. And finally daughter Cynthia died on 3 May 1910 and was buried in the Carter Cemetery in Dempsey, Fayette County.50

This Post was Updated on 21 August 2022Missing source citations were added, images were scaled, and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. At the time of this writing (24 August 2014), PPT lists were not available online. The 1792 list was an abstract. In November 2021, the PPT lists for Greenbrier were checked online at FamilySearch. A man with the Ingram surname was found in the county in 1788 and 1789. Ester was first seen in 1790 when the male Ingram disappeared from the lists. His name will not be divulged at this time. 
  2. Virginia Commissioner of the Revenue (Greenbrier County), “Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, Film 2024557, DGS 7849126, Personal property tax lists, 1782-1816, image 218 of 891, 1792, top page, entry 17, Ester Ingram 1 0 0 1. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ2-3SQ3-Y?i=217&cat=777465 : accessed 27 November 2021). 
  3. Jim Talbert, Greenbrier Historical Society Archives and Library, archives@greenbrierhistorical.org, email dated 8 August 2006 to Cathy Meder-Dempsey, confirming the content of the permission slip dated 19 May 1790 and the marriage bond for the marriage of Patience Ingram to David Stay, originals in the possession of the GHS Archive. “Re. The marriage permission slip for David Shay and Rohana Ingram. It was signed by Easter Ingram for “my daughter” and dated May 19, 1790. There is also a permission slip for David signed by David Shay and John King. It contains the bride’s given name which could be Rehana, Tobicna, Pobicna, Robicna and I could see Patience if the “t” were crossed. Greenbrier Marriage Records transcribed by Larry Shuck shows the name as Patience, but has a marriage date of May 23, 1791. There is no husband of Easter named in any of these records.” 
  4. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 59, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 136, entry 2, 23 May 1791, David Stay and Patience Ingram, by John McCue. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00059.jpg : accessed 17 August 2022). 
  5. GenForum, Ingram Surname Forum, message 4899, Re: Need parents of ELIZABETH INGRAM =m= 1785 WV by Nancy Adkins Adkins dated 4 August 2006 in reply to Cathy Meder-Dempsey (https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/ingram/4899/ accessed 4 August 2006) 
  6. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 59, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 136, entry 27, 20 Dec 1798, Francis Story and Elizabeth Ingram, married by John Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00059.jpg : accessed 17 August 2022). 
  7. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Library of Virginia Archives (https://lva-virginia.libguides.com/land-grants), citing Virginia State Land Office, the collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Land Office Grants No. 33, 1795-1796, p. 306 (Reel 99), Land grant Greenbrier 28 November 1795, Ingram, Ester. grantee, 95 acres on a branch of Muddy Creek which is a branch of Greenbrier River and near the land of Richard Humphries, John Viney &c. (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990007752150205756 : accessed 18 December 2012). 
  8. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 58, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 135, entry 27, 26 Nov 1787, William Slaven and Nancy Ingram, married by John Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00058.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  9. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 30, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 63, entry 26, Parnel Ingram and Eliza Commens, married by J. Kobber. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00030.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  10. Virgil A. Lewis, M.A., State Historian and Archivist; The Soldiery of West Virginia, originally published 1911, reprinted for Clearfield Co., Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland 1991, 1996, 1998; pg. 131. 
  11. West Virginia. County Court (Greenbrier County), “Order books, 1780-1911” browse-only images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Greenbrier County, West Virginia courthouse., Film 1637476, DGS 7617374, Vols. A-C 1780-1797 (C to 521), image 722 of 875, page 224, 3rd entry, 31 March 1795 – John Mathews vs. James Ingram in debt. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99V1-X8ZK?i=721&cat=83879 : accessed 6 March 2022). 
  12. Ibid., Film 1637476, DGS 7617374, Vols. A-C 1780-1797 (C to 521), image 871 of 875, page 519, 1st entry, 1 April 1797, Jonathan Mathews assee of James Ingram vs. William Gilliland in debt. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99V1-XDJ3?i=870&cat=83879 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  13. “Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850,” Film 2024557, DGS 7849126, Personal property tax lists, 1782-1816, image 393 of 891, left page, entry 10, 16 April 1799, James Ingrim 1 0 0 2 tax 0.24. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ2-3S38-P?i=392&cat=777465 : accessed 27 November 2021). 
  14. Greenbrier County Order books, 1780-1911, Film 1637476, DGS 7617374, Vols. C-G 1797-1811 (C from 520), image 188 of 953, page 314, 28 May 1799, The Commonwealth against William Dunn Jr., James Ingram on the jury. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89V1-S9MM-2?i=187&cat=83879 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  15. Greenbrier County (West) Virginia Records transcribed by Larry G. Shuck, volume 2: Greenbrier County (West) Virginia personal property tax lists: 1782/3, 1786/8, 1792, 1796, 1799, 1805 & 1815; Iberian Publishing Company, Athens, Georgia; pg. 210] 
  16. Ibid., pg. 257 
  17. Greenbrier County (West Virginia) County Clerk, “Deeds (Greenbrier County, West Virginia), 1780-1901” database with images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Greenbrier County Courthouse in Lewisburg, West Virginia, Film 593545, DGS 7765144, Deeds, v. 3-4 1803-1814, image 326 of 528, pages 169, 28 February 1809, John Conner and wife Mary Conner 120 acres for $1.00 to James Ingram on Meadow River and Sewel on ridge opposite Buffalow Lick in Greenbrier County. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CS4X-2C5?i=325&cat=98577 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  18. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 31, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 64, entry 16, Jas. Ingram and Margaret Kincaid, married by Josiah Osburn. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00031.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  19. J.R. Cole, History of Greenbrier County (published 1917 in Lewisburg, West Virginia) pg. 35 
  20. Virginia Tax List Censuses, (reconstructed 1790, 1800, and 1810 federal censuses using tax list, microfilm images with every name indexes), Binns Genealogy,(http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/) citing original records from Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia or Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, Greenbrier County, Virginia, 1810 Personal Tax List B, page 6, right side, line 2nd to last, James Ingram. 1810 Greenbrier County, Virginia Tax List. (http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/FreeSample/CDR-000484/1810/1810PersonalB/06.pdf : accessed 16 January 2020). 
  21. “Deeds (Greenbrier County, West Virginia), 1780-1901,” Film 593547, DGS 8589064, Deeds, v. 5 1813-1814, image 59-60 of 372, page 94-95, 25 Feb 1812, James Ingram and wife Margaret, 120 acres for $1.00 to Newbury Stockton, conveyed to Ingram by John Conner on ridge leading to Buffaloe Lick (Greenbrier). (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C37T-4SZ2-T?i=58&cat=98577 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  22. Shuck, Greenbrier County (West) Virginia personal property tax lists: 1782/3, 1786/8, 1792, 1796, 1799, 1805 & 1815, pg. 287. 
  23. 1820 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/), citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, NARA Roll: M33_132, image: 154, Virginia, Greenbrier County, Lewisburg, page 176 (crossed out, should be 178), line 14, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  24. WVCulture.org, Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  25. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584754, image 164, Fayette County Register of Deaths, page 165 (double-page spread), entry 27, 2nd district, Cynthia Tincher, 3 May 1910, age 82 yrs 1 month 8 days, died in Page. (http://images.wvculture.org/584754/00164.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). Note: age at death calculates to a birth date of 25 March 1829. 
  26. Betty LeMasters, Samuel Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia, [on Dempsey Branch (Laurel Creek) behind Doggett Chapel], listing posted to Fayette County (WV) Footprints (obsolete website) 13 May 2005. Tincher, Cynthia; Mar. 25, 1828 – May 3, 1910; w/o John. 
  27. L. Neil Darlington, Cabins of the Loop and Environs of the Southern Half of Fayette County Virginia (Now West Virginia)” (December 1987, McClain Printing Company, Parsons, West Virginia, 1988) pg. 222-223 
  28. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Library of Virginia Archives (https://lva-virginia.libguides.com/land-grants), citing Virginia State Land Office, the collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Land Office Grants No. 94, 1842-1843, p. 507 (Reel 160), Robert and Matthew Ingram Land grant 31 August 1843, 120 acres on Loop Creek in Fayette County, West VIrginia. (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990007752490205756 : accessed 16 February 2002). 
  29. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521719, image 215, Kanawha County Marriage Records, page 75, entry 27, 4 Aug 1829, Charles Walker and Elizabeth Ingram (http://images.wvculture.org/521719/00215.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022) 
  30. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Nara Roll M19_191, FHL Film: 0029670, Virginia, Kanawha, page 197 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  31. Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993 (Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, 310 Oyler Avenue, Oak Hill, WV 25901,1993), pg. 21. Personal copy bought 2000. In April of 1835, an election was held in Fayette Co. (including the area that is now Raleigh Co.) to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, James Ingrahm and his son Joshua Ingraham are on the list of voters who voted for Kanawha Falls. James, Jr. could possibly have been deceased at this time. 
  32. Luella Arlene Loving Lowther, First Tidbits of Information on Robert Ingram and Huldah Johnson, e-mail correspondence in May 2000 with Cathy Meder-Dempsey. 
  33. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch, Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 23 of 292 > inventory and appraisement of the estate of Melitus J. Landcraft.  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-9Q?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : 23 October 2018) 
  34. History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993, pg. 21. 
  35. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, NARA Roll: M704_555, FHL Film: 0029685, Virginia, Fayette County, page 3 (double-page spread, left side), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  36. I cannot prove this family tradition. John was not found in the 1850 census. Several records show his presence in Fayette County in 1851 and 853. 
  37. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 362B, household 419-419, lines 10-15, a laborer in the John Tincher household (accessed 19 December 2012). 
  38. Ibid., Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 366A, household 462-462, lines 4-7, Margaret Ingram (accessed 11 June 2018). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  39. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 56, entry 9, 9 Jan 1851, John Johnson Darlington and Ruth Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  40. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 57, entry 7, 13 Feb 1851, John Ingram and Lucy Jane Skaggs, married by Allen Wood. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  41. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 219, Fayette County Marriages, page 59, entry 2, 23 Mar 1851, John Tincher and Cinthy Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00219.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  42. This is a family tradition. No record transferring Matthew’s share to Robert has been found. The land tax records show Robert and Matthew paying tax on the 120 acres in 1844 and 1845. In 1846 and 1847 the name was written Robert M. Ingram and thereafter, only Robert Ingram was named as the owner who paid tax on the land. 
  43. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing digital images of originals housed at the county courthouses in Ohio, Meigs > Marriage records 1852-1862 vol 2 > image 77 of 271 > page 96 (stamped), entry 1, 20 Aug 1854, Matthew Ingram and Sarah Frances Martin, married by R. Wilkinson, M.G., citing Meigs County, Ohio. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-91QN-R8?cc=1614804&wc=Z51G-DP8%3A121348301%2C121390201 : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  44. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 27, Register of Marriages, Kanawha County, page 21 (double-page spread), line 86, 12 July 1860, John Ingraham and Delilah Smith, citing near Sissonville. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00027.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  45. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653_1344; Family History Library Film: 805344; Virginia, Fayette County, District 4, sheet 422, page 126, household 937-864, line 33, James Ingrum (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  46. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” Meigs > Marriage records 1862-1866 vol 3 > image 11 of 292 > Record of Marriages of Meigs County , page 16 (stamped), record No. 36, 23 Aug 1862, Isaac E. Lewis and Mahala C. Ingraham. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939K-PJSF-C9?cc=1614804&wc=ZRHZ-RM9%3A121348301%2C121432201 : accessed 25 April 2022). 
  47. James Simon Ingram, compiler, History of the Ingram Family, includes family groups sheets and census information sent per email by JSI to Cathy Meder-Dempsey in May 2001 (prepared in October 1997). 
  48. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 73, Register of Marriages, page 67, line 184, 1 Dec 1869, John Ingram and Mary E. Adkins. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00073.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  49. Ibid., Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  50. Ibid., West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584754, image 164, Fayette County Register of Deaths, page 165 (double-page spread), entry 27, 2nd district, Cynthia Tincher, 3 May 1910, age 82 yrs 1 month 8 days, died in Page. (http://images.wvculture.org/584754/00164.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 

52 Ancestors: #30 William WOOD died 1835 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #30 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

I’m starting a new generation of paternal ancestors with my 4th great-grandfather William WOOD. This generation has 23 known of a possible 32 individuals. They will take me to the end of the year and the end of this challenge.

#30 William WOOD died 1835 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia

During the early years of the American Revolutionary War (19 April 1775-14 January 1784) my 4th great-grandfather William WOOD was born in Greenbrier County, Virginia, to Bailey WOOD (d. 1826) and his wife Nancy (d. aft. 1826). As no date is known, I calculated the range for his birth, between 1776 and 1779, using the year of his marriage and the age groups that he was enumerated in on the 1810 through 1830 census:

1800 age 21 or older at time of marriage->->->born 1779 or earlier
1810 age group 26-44 (i.e. 31-44)->->->->->->born bet. 1766-1779
1820 age group 26-44 (i.e. 41-44)->->->->->->born bet. 1766-1779
1830 age group 50-59 (i.e. 51-54)->->->->->->born bet. 1776-1779

Update (24 July 2022): Recent research uncovered the first entry on the personal property tax list of Greenbrier County for William WOOD. The estimate for his birth has been changed from between 1776 and 1779 to about 1777 as he would have been 21 in 1798.1

Several family historians list William WOOD as William Hicks WOOD. I haven’t found documentation that shows a middle name or even a middle initial. Recent discussions with other researchers nearly convinced me that Nancy was the daughter of Joseph HICKS (aka HIX) and Melvina COLE. However, I found an old GenForum post from October 2006 by Kitty Steele Barrera in which she wrote, “I know that the Nancy Hicks/Bailey Wood connection is tentative because I was the first to make the connection. I posted “Bailey Wood married Nancy Hicks?” and before long, it was all over the internet as a fact.2 Kitty mentioned in another message in the same forum that she can be blamed for starting the rumor and the Hicks part is pure speculation.3

I would like to emphasize that William WOOD (no middle name or initial) was the son of Bailey WOOD and his wife Nancy (no maiden name). As with all brick walls, further research is needed to prove/disprove the Wood to Hicks connection. I’m open to discussions and/or suggestions on the subject.

William WOOD’s father died before 21 September 1826 as an indenture mentioning the heirs and legal representatives of Bailey WOOD, deceased, and Nancy WOOD, his widow, reads as follows:4,5

This indenture made the 21st day of September one thousand and eight hundred and twenty six between James Wood and Polly his wife, Bailey Wood and Lucertia his wife, William Wood and Mary his wife, Richard Skaggs and Susannah his wife, Martin McGraw and Nancy his wife, Samuel McGraw and Elizabeth his wife, Katherine Wood, heirs and legal representatives of Bailey Wood, deceased, and Nancy Wood widow of Bailey Wood, deceased, of the county of Nicholas and state of Virginia of the one part…

From this we can “assume” that the following individuals were Bailey’s children:

• Susannah b. abt 1776 md. Richard SKAGGS 17896
• William b. abt. 1776-1779 md. Mary Ann McGRAW 18007
• Nancy b. abt. 1785 md. MARTIN McGRAW 18068
• Bailey b. abt. 1785 md. Lucretia SKAGGS bef. 1807
• James b. abt. 1790 md. Mary “Polly” HALSTEAD 18109
• Elizabeth b. abt. 1796 md. Samuel McGRAW 181210
• Katherine b. abt. ?? no record of marriage

Lyle Lemasters, who did an immense amount of work on the WOOD family, suggested that heirs do not necessarily mean children of the deceased. Heirs could also have been grandchildren. Bailey’s sons James and Bailey Jr. both had daughters named Catherine. Katherine may have been a daughter or a granddaughter (daughter of a deceased son) as the name ran in the family. She may be the Catherine WOOD (born between 1794 and 1800) seen in the 185011 and 186012 census with a younger James C. WOOD (b. between 1823 and 1830). Neither has been located after 1860.

In June 1800 Martin and Margaret McGRAW gave permission for their daughter Mary Ann to marry William WOOD.13

1800permission
Martin and Margaret McGraw give permission for their daughter Mary Ann to marry William Wood. West Virginia Division of Culture and History

On the 3rd of June 1800, William WOOD and John WOOD went bond on the marriage of William WOOD and Mary Ann McGRAW in Monroe County, (West) Virginia.14

1800bond
Marriage Bond of Wiliam WOOD and Mary Ann McGRAW. West Virginia Division of Culture and History.

Who was John WOOD who witnessed the permission slip and went bond with William WOOD when he married Mary Ann McGRAW? John WOOD and Stephen WOOD were in the same area as William in 1820. Could he have been an older brother?

William and Mary Ann were married by Rev. John Alderson on the 18th of June 1800.15

1800marriage
Entry in the marriage register. West Virginia Division of Culture and History.

Six months after his marriage on 16 January 1801 William was granted 109 acres in the Valley and on Peters Mountain adjoining his own land called the Cave Survey &c in Greenbrier County.16

On 21 February 1809, David GRAHAM sold to William WOOD 214 acres for $1.00 on Hunget Creek adj. Henry Bank’s surveys.17

As the amount of land he owned grew, so did the family of William and Mary Ann:

  • Enoch J. abt. 1801
  • Margaret “Peggy” abt. 1801
  • _____ (female) bet. 1804-1809
  • Elijah abt. 1806
  • Amos abt. 1807
  • Allen abt. 1814
  • Bailey bet. 1816-1819
  • _____ (female) bet. 1816-1819
  • Mary Ann “Polly” 5 June 1824

1810 U.S. Federal Census18
Monroe County, (West) Virginia
William Wood
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 2 (Elijah 4 and Amos 3)
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 15: 1 (Enoch 9)
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44 : 1 (William 33)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 2 (Margaret 9 and _____ <10)
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44: 1 (wife, Mary Ann)
Number of Household Members Under 16: 5
Number of Household Members Over 25: 2
Number of Household Members: 7

On 9 September 1812 William WOOD, grantee, received 200 acres: 1) 100 acres on the Trace Fork of Mud River adjoining and above a survey made for John McCalister called the Bridge Creek Survey in Kanawha County19 and 2) 100 acres on Bryans Fork of Browns Creek in Kanawha.20

1820 U.S. Federal Census21
Nicholas County, (West) Virginia
William Wood (pg. 205)
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 3 (Bailey, Allen, and ?)
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 15:  2 (Elijah 14 and Amos 13)
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44 : 1 (William 43)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: (_____ <5)
Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25: (_____ 16-19)
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44 : 1 (wife, Mary Ann)
Note: On the same sheet are Bailey, Stephen, and John!!!

On 22 March 1822 William WOOD was granted 50 acres on the waters of New River in Nicholas County.22

A little over seven months later, on 1 November 1822 William WOOD, James SKAGGS, and Samuel WISEMAN were granted 75 acres on the Sugar Camp Creek a south branch of Gauley River in Nicholas County.23

By this time William had acquired nearly 650 acres of land. Did he still own all of it or did he sell some or give parcels to his children?

Six months after the birth of his youngest child Mary Ann, William’s son Elijah WOOD married Rachel HONAKER (1804-1860) on 4 January 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia.24

A year later William’s father Bailey WOOD was dead. We do not know when he died but his legal heirs sold his land on 21 September 1826 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia to John ALDERSON. William’s mother Nancy was still living; it is not known when she died.

At about the same time two more of William’s children married: 1) Margaret “Peggy” WOOD married Thomas WITHROW (1806-1880) on 12 October 1826 in Nicholas County25 and 2) Enoch J. WOOD married Margaret JOHNSON (1800-1850) bef. 1827.

I had a hard time with the 1830 census. In the early days, I’d found an abstract of the census 1830 by Neva Jane Stout Bryant.26 The numbers for William WOOD fit the family group. However, when I checked Ancestry years later I found that their abstract did not match Neva’s and the image was illegible. Last week I checked the Internet Archive using a tip by another blogger27 and found a much better image.

I was able to get this image.28 My transcription matched Neva’s:

1830census
1830 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Nicholas > William Wood. [Internet Archive https://archive.org/stream/populationsc18300198unit#page/n387/mode/1up%5D
1830 U.S. Federal Census
Nicholas County, (West) Virginia
William Woods (sic)
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Nicholas, Virginia
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 1 (unknown)
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14: 1 (Bailey)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (Allen)
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29 : 1 (Amos)
Free White Persons – Males – 50 thru 59: 1 (William)
Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1 (Mary Ann)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 1 (unknown 10-14)
Free White Persons – Females – 30 thru 39: 1 (unknown 26-35)
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49: 1 (wife, Mary Ann)
Free White Persons – Under 20: 5
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 4
Total Free White Persons: 9
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 9

“It is interesting to know the names of the houses and of the proprietors who made famous the great state stands along the James River and Kanawha Turnpike.” The list of proprietors of the famous stage stands included William WOOD was at Dogwood Gap.29

A tax list places William WOOD in the newly formed Fayette County on 5 June 1831 1831.30

William WOOD was not moving around from 1800 until this 1831 tax list. He lived in Monroe, Nicholas, and Fayette counties but his location remained the same. The formation of new counties in old Virginia was the reason he lived in several counties but never actually moved from his homeplace.

Before William’s death in 1835 his sons Amos and Allen married. Amos WOOD married Susan PARRISH (d. bef. 1845) on 12 May 1831 in Nicholas County and Allen WOOD married Elizabeth JOHNSON (1808-1881) on 14 November 1832 in Monroe County.31,32

William WOOD died in the summer of 1835, before 18 August 1835 when his sons Amos and Elijah filed a bond for the letters of administration.33 He left no will and his estate was appraised.34

The Appraisement Bill of the Estate of Wm Wood decd Fayette County September 14th 1835. In compliance with an order made by the County Court of Fayette at the August term. We Jones McCutcheon, William S. McVey and George Hunter after having been duly sworn by James Skaggs a Justice of the Peace for said County proceeded to appraise the following property, to-wit:

1 table 4.00
1 cutting knife and steel 1.50
1 foot adds .50
1 jug .371/2
1 Hoe and shovel .871/2
1 grindstone .50
2 old sickles .50
300 feet of plank 3.00
1 hoe .371/2
1 pig in the pen 1.00
1 man’s saddle 6.00
1 Books .75
1 pail .25
1 chain log hook and ox yoke 1.75
1 pair hames and chains 1.25
1 half bushel .25
1 wind mill 16.00
1 lot of wheat in the sheaf 10.00
1 lot of oats in the sheaf 75.00
unbroke flax 1.00
1 Barshear plow 5.00
12 head of sheape 10.50
1 yearling heifer 3.50
1 ox 20.00
1 small black bull 8.00
1 cow with a bull 12.00
1 large spotted cow 10.00
1 muly cow 8.00
9 geese 2.25
13 head of hogs 34.00
1 gray filly 35.00
1 bay mare 15.00
2 1/2 acres of corn 8.00
9 acres of corn 20.00
1 calf 1.00
1 mattock 1.25
1 axe 2.00
1 kittle 3.00
1 oven and lid 1.50
1 pot .50
1 oven 1.00
1 tub and churn 1.00
1 barrel and pail .62 1/2
1 shovel plow 1.00
1 pot rack 1.00
1 tub .50
1 woman’s saddle 3.00
1 hand saw 1 auger and two chisels 2.00
1 shovel .50
1 meal sifter .37 1/2
1 rifle gun and shot pouch 10.00
1 big wheel 2.00
1 spinning wheel 1.00
1 clock 15.00
1 press 8.00
1 small chest .25
1 old table .25
1 looking glass .75
1 smoothing iron, blowing horn and strainer .50
1 coffee mill .37 1/2
1 skillet and lid 1.00
1 pot and two pair of hooks 1.00
4 chairs 1.00
1 coffee pot .37 1/2
1 pair cords .37 1/2
1 cooler .25
Cupboard ware 2.75
1 loom 2.00
3 beads and bedding 50.00
1 due bill on Samuel Shawver .75
1 note on John Gwinn Signr. 10.00
1 note on Samuel Withrow 2.25
1 oald ax and tomahawk .25
Chairs and iron wedge .50
——————————— 429.41
James McCutcheon, William S. McVey, George Hunter Appraisers Fayette County Court-The Appraisement Bill of the Estate of William Wood deceased was received in open court and ordered to be recorded. Teste: Hiram Hill cfc.

His sons Elijah and Amos were administrators of his estate per the 1836 Bill of Sale found in Fayette County.35 His widow Mary and sons Elijah, Amos, and Allen (A. Wood on the bill) bought items in his inventory. His oldest son Enoch was living in Ohio. Elijah, the next oldest son, was assigned as the guardian of Bailey and Mary Ann, children of William WOOD, deceased.36

This Post was Updated on 24 July 2022Missing source citations were added, images were scaled, and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. Virginia. Commissioner of the Revenue (Greenbrier County), “Personal property tax lists, 1782-1850,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch Microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, Film 2024557, DGS 7849126, Personal property tax lists, 1782-1816 > 1782 > image 361 of 891 > 1798 Personal Property Tax List > William Wood 1 0 0 1 9¢ tax. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQ2-3S3V-D?i=359&cat=777465 : accessed 16 July 2022). 
  2. GenForum, Hicks Surname Forum, message 9940, Re: Bailey Woods and Nancy Hicks by Kitty Steele 29 October 2006 in reply to: Re: Bailey Woods and Nancy Hicks by Larry Surface 29 October 2006 (https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/hicks/9940/ : accessed July 2014) 
  3. Ibid., Wood Surname Forum, message 13961, Re: WOOD family–where in VIRGINIA? by Kitty Steele 25 November 2004 in reply to: Re: WOOD family–where in VIRGINIA? by Alice Hanson 15 November 2004 (https://www.genealogy.com/forum/surnames/topics/wood/13961/ : accessed July 2014) 
  4. Fox, Vernon A.,  Nicholas County, (West) Virginia Land Deed, Heirs of Bailey Wood to John Alderson, 21 September 1826, transcription received per email 31 May 2001. 
  5. County Clerk of the County Court, Monroe County (West Virginia), “Deed book, 1789-1901” and “Deed index, 1789-1969” (manuscript on film, browse-only images), FamilySearch (Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1969; 34 microfilm reels; 35 mm), Film 589502, DGS 8219401, Deed book, v. N 1840-1846, pages 187-189, image 124+125 of 411. Citing microfilm of original records at the Monroe County courthouse, Union. 1826 Bailey Wood heirs to John Alderson deed of bargain and sale. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSGX-491G-C?i=123&cat=98998 : accessed 1 January 2020). 
  6. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia, Greenbrier County, 10 March 1789, Susannah Wood and Richard Scags married by John Alderson. 1789 Marriage Record (right page, 7th entry from bottom).  (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=10975982&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  7. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, Marriage Bond dated 18 June 1800 William Wood and John Wood went bond on the marriage of William Wood and Mary Anne McGraw (both of Monroe). (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11370480&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  8. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, 3 May 1806, Nancy Wood and Martin McGraw married by John Alderson, banns were published. 1806 Marriage Record (right page, 4th entry from bottom). (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11369727&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  9. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, 26 April 1810, James Wood and Mary Halstead married by John Alderson. 1810 Marriage Record entry (right page, last entry). (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11369380&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  10. Ibid., West Virginia, Monroe County, marriage bond dated 19 May 1812, Samuel McGraw and Bailey Wood went bond on the marriage of Bailey’s daughter Elizabeth Wood and Samuel McGraw. 1812 Marriage Bond. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11371819&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  11. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), <i>Ancestry</i> (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Year: 1850; Census Place: District 14, Fayette, Virginia; Roll: M432_943; Page: 336B; Image: 278. The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  12. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), <i>Ancestry</i> (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Year: 1860; Census Place: District 3, Fayette, Virginia; Roll: M653_1344; Page: 373; Family History Library Film: 805344. The official enumeration day of the 1860 census was 1 June 1860. (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  13. WVCulture.org, West Virginia, Monroe County, June 1800, William Wood and Mary Ann McGraw, permission slip from her parents. “June /newline/ Sir, this coms (sic) to let you now (sic) that I Marten and Marget Mcgraw is wiling that William Wood should have our daughter Mary Ann /newline/ To John Hutchason (Clerk) /newline/ The above was sworn to by John Wood one of the witnesses present.” 1800 Marriage Permission Slip. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11370465&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  14. Marriage Bond dated 18 June 1800 William Wood and John Wood went bond on the marriage of William Wood and Mary Anne McGraw (both of Monroe) 
  15. WVCulture.org, West Virginia, Monroe County, 18 June 1800 William Wood and Mary Ann McGraw married by John Alderson. 1800 Marriage Record entry (right page, 1st entry under Alderson). (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=11369625&Type=Marriage : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  16. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Library of Virginia Archives (https://lva-virginia.libguides.com/land-grants), citing Virginia State Land Office, the collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Land Office Grants No. 46, 1797-1801, p. 624-625 (Reel 112), Wood, William (grantee), Land grant 16 January 1801, 109 acres in the Valley and on Peters Mountain adjoining his own land called the Cave Survey &c. (Greenbrier County). (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990008446350205756 : accessed 22 July 2014). 
  17. Monroe County (West Virginia), Clerk of the County Court, “Deed book, 1789-1901; deed index, 1789-1969,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Monroe County courthouse, Union, Deed book, v. B-C 1805-1812, images 349-350 of 636, Deed Book B, page 632-633, 21 February 1809 David Graham to William Wood 214 acres for $1.00 on Hunget Creek adj. Henry Bank’s Surveys. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSKV-KSN9-J?i=348&cat=98998 : accessed 23 July 2022). 
  18. 1810 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry  (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7613/), citing Third Census of the United States, 1810 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M252, 71 rolls, Roll: 70, Family History Library Film: 0181430, Virginia, Monroe, image 22, page 575, William Wood household. The official enumeration day of the 1810 census was the 1st Monday in August (6th). “.” (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 2 January 2020). 
  19. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants,”  Land Office Grants No. 63, 1812-1813, p. 195-196 (Reel 129), Wood, William (grantee), Land grant 9 Sep 1812, 100 acres on the Trace Fork of Mud River adjoining and above a survey made for John McCalister called the Bridge Creek Survey (Kanawha County). (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990008446370205756 : accessed 22 July 2014). 
  20. Ibid., Land Office Grants No. 63, 1812-1813, p. 196-198 (Reel 129), Wood, William (grantee), Land grant 9 September 1812, 100 acres on Bryans Fork of Browns Creek (Kanawha County). (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990008446380205756 : accessed 22 July 2014). 
  21. 1820 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/), citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Nicholas, Virginia; Page: 205A; NARA Roll: M33_130; Image: 389. The official enumeration day of the 1820 census was the 1st Monday in August (7th). (https://www.ancestry.com/ : accessed 8 January 2020). 
  22. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants,” Land Office Grants No. 71, 1822-1824, p. 47 (Reel 137), Wood, William. grantee, Land grant 22 March 1822, 50 acres on the waters of New River (Nicholas County). (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990008446390205756 : accessed 22 July 2014). 
  23. Ibid., Land Office Grants No. 71, 1822-1824, p. 408-409 (Reel 137), Grantee(s): Skaggs, James; Wm. Wood, and Samuel Wiseman, Land grant 1 November 1822, 75 acres (Nicholas County). (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990008446400205756 : accessed 22 July 2014). 
  24. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 495643, image 130, West Virginia, Re-Index and Copy of Marriage Record No. 1–Nicholas County, line 6, 4 Jan 1925, Elijah Wood and Rachel Hannaker, married by Jno Campbell, citing Nicholas County. (http://images.wvculture.org/495643/00130.jpg : accessed 25 April 2013). 
  25. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 495643, image 130, Re-Index and Copy of Marriage Record No. 1—Nicholas County, no page number, 9th entry, 12 Oct 1826, Thos Withrow, Margaret Wood, married by John Campbell. (http://images.wvculture.org/495643/00130.jpg : accessed 22 July 2014). 
  26. 1830 Federal Census Nicholas County, Virginia (File 3 of 3), Submitted by Neva Jane Stout Bryant July 25, 2001 (http://files.usgwarchives.net/wv/nicholas/census/1830c.txt
  27. Pointer, Caroline M, 4yourfamilystory.com blog and website, “Census Records for Free with the One-Two Punch {While Wearing Pink Bunny Slippers},” (https://www.4yourfamilystory.com/blog/census-records-for-free-with-the-one-two-punch-while-wearing-pink-bunny-slippers : published 16 July 2013). 
  28. Internet Archive, 1830 Virginia Federal Population Census Schedules – Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Mason, Nicholas, and Ohio Counties, Reel 0198, image 388 of 588, Virginia, Nicholas County, page 191, line 10, William Wood (https://archive.org/stream/populationsc18300198unit#page/n387/mode/1up : accessed about 21 July 2014) 
  29. J. T. Peters and H.B. Carden, History of Fayette County, West Virginia, Jarrett Print Co., Charleston, WV, 1926, page 135. 
  30. Virginia. Commissioner of the Revenue (Fayette County), “Personal property tax lists, 1831-1850,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch Microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, Film 2024536, DGS 7849112, image 22 of 589, 1831 page 20. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQK-19VN-9?i=21&cat=777450 : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  31. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 495643, image 130, Re-Index and Copy of Marriage Record No. 1—Nicholas County, no page number, 14th entry, 12 May 1831, Amos Wood, Susan Parish, married by W. Carnefix. (http://images.wvculture.org/495643/00130.jpg : accessed 22 July 2014). 
  32. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 1710879, image 516, 14 Nov 1832, Allen Wood and Charles W Johnson bond for the marriage of Allen Wood and Elizabeth Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/1710879/00516.jpg : accessed 23 July 2022). 
  33. “Court minutes and order books, 1837-1928,” browse-only images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Fayette County, West Virginia courthouse., Film 585502, DGS 8613652, Minute books, v. 1-2 1837-1848, image 12 of 470, August Term 1835, 18 Aug 1835, page 11, 3rd entry, Amos and Elijah Wood, bond for letters of administration. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-T9J7-H?i=11&cat=100698 : accessed 23 July 2022). 
  34. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch, Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 33 of 292  (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-75?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : 23 October 2018) 
  35. Ibid., Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 39 of 292 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-97?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : 23 October 2018), 
  36. Court minutes and order books, 1837-1928, Film 585502, DGS 8613652, Minute books, v. 1-2 1837-1848, image 24 of 470, January Term 1836, 19 Jan 1836, page 35, Elijah assigned as guardian of young Bailey and Mary Ann Wood, children of William Wood. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-T9FB-T?i=23&cat=100698 : accessed 23 July 2022). 

52 Ancestors: #18 Robert INGRAM 1819-abt. 1902

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #18 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#18 Robert INGRAM 1819-abt. 1902

My 3rd great-grandfather Robert INGRAM was born about 1819 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. He was the son of James INGRAM and Margaret “Peggy” KINCAID. He had two older brothers, James Jr. born about 1811 and Joshua born about 1813. He may have had an older sister, as seen in the 1820 census, but no further information has been found for her.

1820 U.S. Federal Census1
Greenbrier County, Virginia
Lewisburg
Name: James Ingram
Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 3 (James Jr., Joshua, Robert)
Free White Persons – Males – 45 and over: 1 (James)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 1 (unknown daughter)
Free White Persons – Females – 45 and over: 1 (Margaret, age should be ca. 26)
Free White Persons – Under 16: 4 (James Jr., Joshua, Robert, and unknown female)
Free White Persons – Over 25: 2 (James and Margaret)
Total Free White Persons: 6
Total All Persons – White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 6

Robert’s parents continued to have children in the 1820s: John was born about 1820, Matthew on 9 January 1824,2 and Cynthia on 25 March 1828.3 The female in the under 10 years age group in 1820 was not with the family in 1830. She may have died or was old enough to marry by 1830.

1830 U.S. Federal Census4
Kanawha County, (West) Virginia
Line 17
Name: James Ingram
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 1 (Matthew)
Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 1 (John)
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14: 2 (Joshua & Robert)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (James Jr.)
Free White Persons – Males – 50 thru 59: 1 (James)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 1 (Cynthia)
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49: 1 (Margaret)
Free White Persons – Under 20: 6
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 1
Total Free White Persons: 8
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 8
Note: Fayette County was not formed until 1831 and included parts of Kanawha, Nicholas, Greenbrier, & Logan

In an election held on 1 April 1835 in Fayette County to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, “James Ingrahm” and “Joshua Ingraham” voted for Kanawha Falls. James’ oldest son James Jr. is not mentioned and it is assumed that he died before this date. Robert INGRAM was not old enough to vote.5

1840 U.S. Federal Census6
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
Name: James Ingram
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14: 2 (John, Matthew)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (Robert)
Free White Persons – Males – 60 thru 69: 1 (James)
Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1 (Ruth)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 1 (Cynthia)
Free White Persons – Females – 50 thru 59: 1 (Margaret)
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 2 (James and Robert)
Free White Persons – Under 20: 5 (Robert, John, Matthew, Cynthia, Ruth)
Total Free White Persons: 7
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 7

Robert married about 1840

No marriage record has been found for Robert INGRAM. He was most likely with his father in the 1840 census as he is not seen with his own household. I assume that he married Huldah JOHNSON after the enumeration and before the birth of their son Vincent about 1841. Geraldine Dempsey Workman, who did much of the early work on our families, wrote, “Robert and Hulda’s (sic) marriage record cannot be found since pages are missing from the Marriage book at the courthouse.” Death records of their children Mary Elizabeth (Ingram) BLAKE7 and Richard Edward INGRAM8 list the mother as Hulda (sic, Huldah) JOHNSON.

1842 Land Patent

In 1842 Robert patented 120 acres at Ingram Branch (as it was later known) of Loop Creek with his brother Matthew.9

In margin:
Robert & Mathew Ingram
120 acres
Fayette County
Delivered to Col. Tyree ?th February 1844

Document:
James M. Dowell, Esquire, Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia: To all to whom these Presents shall come-Greeting: KNOW YE, That in
conformity with a Survey, made on the 21st day of October, one thousand eight hundred and forty two By virtue of Land Office Treasury warrant N. 14756

there is granted by the said Commonwealth, unto Robert and Mathew Ingram

a certain Tract of Land, containing one hundred and twenty acres: lying and
being in Fayette County on Loop creek and bounded as follow, towit
Beginning at a white oak and gum corner to John Kincaid, on
the Left hand side of the creek & with crossing the same S6W54 poles
to a sugar tree & beech corner to same and leaving S67W60 poles to two
chestnut oaks on a point S88W106 poles to a white oak North 48 poles
to a white oak on a ridge N19W66 poles to a maple and hickory N48
W24 poles to a maple and beech N8W (crossing the creek) 34 poles to
two chestnuts on a South hillside S69E230 poles to the beginning
with its appurtenances.

To have and to hold the Tract or Parcel of Land, with its appurtenances, to the said
Robert and Mathew Ingram
and their heirs forever.

In witness whereof, the said James M. Dowell Esquire, Governor
of the Commonwealth of Virginia, hath hereunto set his Hand, and caused the Lesser Seal of the said Commonwealth to be affixed, at Richmond, on the thirty first day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty three and of the Commonwealth the sixty eighth.

Jas. M. Dowell

The children of Robert Ingram

Following the birth of Vincent about 1841, Robert and Huldah had two more sons before the 1850 census. Irvin Lewis was born about 1846 and William Preston was born about 1847 on the Ingram Branch of Loop Creek. Robert and Huldah are seen with these sons in the 1850 census.10

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Sheet 365B
1850censusingram2
1850 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Sheet 366A

1850 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, Virginia
Enumerated on 27 August 1850
Sheet No. 365B, Lines 41-42
HH #461-461
Robert Ingram 31 M Farmer $100 Virginia
Huldah Ingram 32 F Virginia
Sheet 366A, Lines 1-3
HH #461-461 (cont…)
Vincent Ingram 9 M Virginia
Irvin L. Ingram 4 M Virginia
Wm. P. Ingram 2 M Virginia

Three of Robert’s siblings married in the first three months of 1851 in Fayette County. Ruth married John Johnson DARLINGTON (1826-1900) on 9 January 1851,11 John married Lucy Jane SKAGGS (1824-1853) on 13 February 1851,12 and Cynthia married John B. “Johnny” TINCHER (1815-1890) on 23 March 1851.13

Robert INGRAM was one of the appraisers of his uncle James G. KINCAID’s estate in August 1852.14 He bought a McComic (sic, McCormick) plow for 3 dollars 12 1/2 cents at the estate sale. In the 1800s, farming was largely done by hand, with animals assisting in plowing, breaking up the soil, and transporting crops.

Robert’s brother Matthew who had patented land with him in 1842 married on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Sarah Frances MARTIN (1834-1906).15

Three daughters were born in the 1850s to Robert and Huldah: Amy about 1851, Nancy Margaret about 1853, and Mary Elizabeth on 26 October 1856.16

1860censusingram
1860 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Page 45 > Sheet 355

1860 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, Virginia
District No. 1
Enumerated the 20th day of June 1860, P. Morton, Ass’t Marshall
Gauley Bridge Post Office
Page No. 25, Sheet No. 335, lines 12-21, HH # 183-161
Robert Ingrum 41 M Farmer $1000 $200 Virginia
Huldah Ingrum 42 F Virginia
Vincent Ingrum 19 M Farm Laborer Virginia
Ervin L. Ingrum 14 M Virginia
William P. Ingrum 12 M Virginia
Amy Ingrum 8 F Virginia
Nancy M. Ingrum 7 F Virginia
Mary E. Ingrum 3 F Virginia
Amanda Blake 20 F day laborer Virginia
John A. Blake 1 M illegitimate Virginia

Note: Amanda Blake seen with the Ingram family was the daughter of John BLAKE and Malinda JOHNSON. Malinda has been seen as the daughter of Israel JOHNSON, however, I believe that this may not be the case. Israel JOHNSON’s last will and testament written 24 October 1850, proven March 1852, does not mention Malinda.17 Further research to determine the relationship between Amanda BLAKE and the INGRAM family is planned.

Robert’s brother Joshua died bet. 1860-1862. The death record has not been found however his widow was seen remarrying on 23 August 1862 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Isaac E. Lewis, a veteran of the Mexican War.18

Robert’s brother John who had been widowed in the 1850s married Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia.19

In 1861 Robert INGRAM was one of the signers who endorsed James S. CASSADY as a delegate for Fayette County during the debates and proceedings of the First Constitutional Convention of West Virginia.

Richard Edward, the youngest child of Robert and Huldah, was born during the Civil War on 16 March 1862 at Ingram Branch.20

Robert’s oldest son Vincent gave evidence on 28 May 1862 about an event that took place in the fall of 1861.21 This is the last mention of this child and it is believed that he died between 1862 and 1870.

Robert’s parents die in the 1860s

Robert’s mother Margaret “Peggy” KINCAID died about 1865 at the home of her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. and his father James INGRAM died between September and December 1865 in Sissonville in Kanawha County while living with his son Matthew.22

Two of Robert’s children married in the late 1860s in Fayette County. Irvin Lewis INGRAM married Mary M. DEMPSEY (1845-1888) on 23 May 1867.23 William Preston married Minerva LIGHT (1849-1920) on 8 April 1869.24

Robert’s brother John married a third time to Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County.25 He was seen with her in the 1870 census and both may have died before 1880.

1870censusingram
1870 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Falls of Kanawha >Page No. 2, Sheet 95B > HH #13-13

1870 U.S. Federal Census26
Fayette County, West Virginia
Falls of Kanawha Township, Page No. 2, Sheet 95B
Enumerated the 12th day of August 1870. Martin Hill, Ass’t Marshall
Gauley Bridge Post Office
HH #13-13
Ingram, R. 51 M W Farmer $300 $325 Virginia male US citizen over 21
Ingram, Huldah 52 F W Housekeeper Virginia
Ingram, Amy 19 F W Housekeeper Virginia cannot read or write
Ingram, Mary A. 12 F W Housekeeper Virginia
Ingram, Nancy A. 15 F W Housekeeper Virginia
Ingram, Richard 8 M W Virginia

Two of Robert’s daughters married in Fayette County in the 1870s. Nancy Margaret “Maggie” married Marion L. BOWLING (1836-1900) on 2 February 187227 and Mary Elizabeth married Martin Van Buren BLAKE (1846-aft. 1900) on 22 Oct 1874.28

1880ingramcensus
1880 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Kanawha > ED 28, Sheet 59D > HH #329-330

1880 U.S. Federal Census29
Fayette County, West Virginia
Kanawha District, Sheet 59D
Enumeration District No. 28
Enumerated the 14th day of June 1880, W. Wirt King, enumerator
HH #329-330
Ingram, Robert W M 61 married Farmer WV WV WV
Ingram, Huldah W F 63 wife married Keeping house WV WV WV
Ingram, Annie W F 23 dau single At home cannot read & write WV WV WV (should be Amy age 28; she married in 1895)
Ingram, Richard W M 18 son single At home WV WV WV

Robert is widowed between 1880 and 1900

Robert’s wife Huldah JOHNSON and his sister Ruth INGRAM died between 1880 and 1900. This twenty-year gap in the census is a hurdle all genealogists have to take. Hopefully, documents will come to light and help close this gap. Several of Robert’s children married in Fayette County during this time as seen in marriage records:

Richard Edward married Lucy F. HAMILTON (1856-1884) on 21 March 1883.30 Following her death, he married Rebecca Wilmuth RINEHART (1856-1909) on 27 May 1888.31 Irvin Lewis married Octava Susan “Susie” ALIFF (1865-1932) on 11 February 1888.32 Finally “old maid” Amy married James B. PAYNE (1846-1916) on 23 October 1895 at the age of 43.33

1900ingramcensus
1900 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Kanawha > ED 16, Sheet 11A > HH #190-190

In 1900 Robert is seen for the last time in the census. He is living with the family of William Edward HAMILTON and is listed as a boarder. There is no known relationship to the HAMILTON family who took in two other boarders. His surname is seen as INGHRAM, a spelling that he did not use. He was widowed and did not work. He was incorrectly listed as being 89 years old, born in May 1811.34 He may have been born in May but in all previous census listings, he was seen with an age that calculated to his being born about 1819.

Robert’s brother Matthew died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville in Kanawha County and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk District.35

Robert INGRAM died abt. 1902 at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID. He had one surviving sibling, Cynthia TINCHER who died in 1910.36

This Post Was Updated on 1 May 2022Missing source citations were added and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. 1820 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/), citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, NARA Roll: M33_132, image 154, Virginia, Greenbrier County, Lewisburg, page 176 (crossed out, should be 178), line 14, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014) 
  2. James Simon Ingram, compiler, History of the Ingram Family, includes family groups sheets and census information sent per email by the compiler to Cathy Meder-Dempsey in May 2001 (prepared in October 1997). 
  3. Betty LeMasters, Samuel Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia, [on Dempsey Branch (Laurel Creek) behind Doggett Chapel], listing posted to Fayette County (WV) Footprints (obsolete website) 13 May 2005. Tincher, Cynthia; Mar. 25, 1828 – May 3, 1910; w/o John. 
  4. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Nara Roll M19_191, FHL Film: 0029670, Virginia, Kanawha, page 197 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  5. History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993; Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, 310 Oyler Avenue, Oak Hill, WV 25901, 1993; pg. 21. 
  6. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, NARA Roll: M704_555, FHL Film: 0029685, Virginia, Fayette County, page 3 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  7. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), Certificate of Death No. 15521, Mary Elizabeth Blake, died 26 Dec 1928, Oak Hill. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=1953469&ImageNumber=545 : accessed 16 January 2007). 
  8. Ibid., Certificate of Death No. 555, Richard Edward Ingram, died 2 Aug 1920, filed 7 Aug 1920, citing Kincaid, Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=1952796&ImageNumber=572 : accessed 27 Apr 2014). 
  9. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Virginia State Land Office, Grants A-Z, 1-124, reels 42-190; Virginia State Land Office, Grants 125- , reels 369-. The collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Library of Virginia Archives, https://www.lva.virginia.gov/ (Records on Library of Virginia site accessible through the new Collections Discovery System https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/discovery/search?vid=01LVA_INST:01LVA&lang=en), Land Office Grants No. 94, 1842-1843, p. 507 (Reel 160), Robert and Matthew Ingram Land grant 31 August 1843, 120 acres on Loop Creek in Fayette County, West Virginia. (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990007752490205756 : accessed 16 February 2002). 
  10. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_943; image 336 and 337; Virginia, Fayette, District 14, image 72 and 73 of 91, Sheet 365B lines 41-42 and Sheet 366A lines 1-3, household 461-461, Robert Ingram household (accessed 11 June 2018). 
  11. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 56, entry 9, 9 Jan 1851, John Johnson Darlington and Ruth Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  12. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 57, entry 7, 13 Feb 1851, John Ingram and Lucy Jane Skaggs, married by Allen Wood. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  13. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 219, Fayette County Marriages, page 59, entry 2, 23 Mar 1851, John Tincher and Cinthy Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00219.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  14. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch, Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > images 135-136 of 292; citing Fayette County Clerk, West Virginia. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9S7-P9?cc=1909099&wc=Q816-MG7%3A179689901%2C179689902 :accessed 24 April 2022) 
  15. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” database with images, FamilySearch (citing digital images of originals housed at the county courthouses in Ohio), Meigs > Marriage records 1852-1862 vol 2 > image 77 of 271 > page 96 (stamped), entry 1, 20 Aug 1854, Matthew Ingram and Sarah Frances Martin, married by R. Wilkinson, M.G., citing Meigs County, Ohio. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-91QN-R8?cc=1614804&wc=Z51G-DP8%3A121348301%2C121390201 : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  16. “Vital statistics, 1853-1860 of West Virginia,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, citing microreproduction of original manuscripts at the Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, Calhoun – Hampshire counties, Film 34485, DGS 7499353, Fayette County Register of Births, image 118 of 554, no page number (double-page spread), line 45, 26 Oct 1856, no name for child, parents Robert Ingram and Huldah Ingram. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99Z5-FZRR?i=117&cat=308753 : accessed 9 February 2022). 
  17. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 249 of 292; citing Fayette County Clerk, West Virginia. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-K7?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 24 April 2022) 
  18. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” Meigs > Marriage records 1862-1866 vol 3 > image 11 of 292 > Record of Marriages of Meigs County , page 16 (stamped), record No. 36, 23 Aug 1862, Isaac E. Lewis and Mahala C. Ingraham. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939K-PJSF-C9?cc=1614804&wc=ZRHZ-RM9%3A121348301%2C121432201 : accessed 25 April 2022). 
  19. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 27, Register of Marriages, Kanawha County, page 21 (double-page spread), line 86, 12 July 1860, John Ingraham and Delilah Smith, citing near Sissonville. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00027.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  20. Ibid., Certificate of Death No. 555, Richard Edward Ingram, born 16 Mar 1862, died 2 Aug 1920, filed 7 Aug 1920, citing Kincaid, Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=1952796&ImageNumber=572 : accessed 27 Apr 2014). 
  21. “United States Union Provost Marshal Files of Individual Civilians, 1861-1866,” images, FamilySearch, citing NARA microfilm publication M345 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration), Clark, H.-Clay > image 1720-1721 of 2173 > Vincent Ingram makes the within statement against Can Clendenen. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-13038-40557-62?cc=1834304&wc=M6Y2-VWT:162115001 : accessed 17 April 2014). 
  22. Ingram, History of the Ingram Family. 
  23. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764/, image 244, Fayette County, West Virginia, Register of Marriage 1867, page 6, line 14, Irvin Ingram and Mary M. Dempsey, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00244.jpg : accessed 22 January 2022). 
  24. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 249, Fayette County Register of Marriage for 1868-1869, page 10 (double-page spread), line 44, 8 Apr 1869, Wm P Ingram and Manerva Light, married by Wm Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00249.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  25. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 73, Register of Marriages, page 67, line 184, 1 Dec 1869, John Ingram and Mary E. Adkins. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00073.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  26. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686, West Virginia, Fayette County, Falls of Kanawha, sheet 95B, lines 31-36, household 13-13, R. Ingram (accessed 21 July 2018). 
  27. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 258, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 18, entry 8, 2 Feb 1872, Marion L. Bowling and Nancy M. Ingram, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00258.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  28. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 262, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 22, entry 40 of 45, 22 Oct 1874, Martin Van B. Blake and Mary E. Ingram, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00262.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  29. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll: 1402, West Virginia, Fayette County, Kanawha, enumeration district 28, sheet 59D, lines 30-33, household 329-330, Robert Ingram (accessed 10 May 2014). 
  30. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 288, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 47, entry 29, 21 Mar 1883, R. E. Ingram and Lucy F. Hamilton, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00288.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  31. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584765, image 188, West Virginia, Fayette County Clerk’s Certificate and Marriage License, page 331 (stamped), 26 May 1888, Richard Ingram and Rebecca Wilmuth Reece, married 27 May 1888. (http://images.wvculture.org/584765/00188.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  32. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584765, image 166, Fayette County, West Virginia, Clerk’s Certificate and Marriage License, page 288 (stamped), Irvin Lewis Ingram and Susan Octava Holstin, citing Fayetteville, Fayette County, WV. (http://images.wvculture.org/584765/00166.jpg : accessed 22 January 2022). 
  33. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584765, image 355, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, line 24, 23 Oct 1895, James B. Payne and Amy Ingram, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584765/00355.jpg : accessed 15 February 2022). 
  34. 1900 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7602/), citing Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T623, 1854 rolls, Roll: T623_1758, FHL microfilm: 1241758, West Virginia, Fayette County, Kanawha, enumeration district 16, sheet 11A, household 190-190, line 32, Robt. Inghram in William Hamilton household (accessed 9 February 2022). 
  35. WVCulture.org, Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824.  (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  36. Betty LeMasters, Samuel Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia, Tincher Cynthia, Mar. 25, 1828 – May 3, 1910, w/o John. 

52 Ancestors: #16 Elijah WOOD abt. 1806-1885

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #16 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

New generation — 3rd great-grandparents — 8 sets on my paternal line, one set is unknown. This will get me through another 14 weeks!

#16 Elijah WOOD abt. 1806-1885

I’ve never thought of Elijah WOOD as being a brick wall. While preparing his story I realized that I don’t have anything that shows [or proves] that my 3rd great-grandfather was the son of William WOOD (1777-1835) and Mary Ann McGRAW (1781-1845).

1825 – First Record Found for Elijah WOOD

Elijah WOOD and Rachel HONAKER were married by John CAMPBELL on 4 January 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia. The entry in the marriage register does not give the names of the bride and groom’s parents.1

The 1830s

Elijah and Rachel had 4 children by the time the 1830 census was taken: Allen Alexander (1825-aft.1900), Amanda Jane (1826-aft. 1885), Sarah Ann (1827-1887), and Mary Salinas (1829-bef. Aug 1901). A son and three daughters under the age of 5 years as seen in the 1830 census.

1830woodcensus
1830 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Greenbrier > Sheet 209A

1830 U.S. Federal Census
Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia
Enumerated as of 1 June 1830
Sheet No. 209A&B
Elijha Wood
1 male under 5 yo (Allen Alexander)
1 male 20 & under 30 yo (Elijah)
3 females under 5 yo (Amanda Jane, Sarah Ann, Mary Salinas)
1 female 20 & under 30 yo (Rachel)
6 persons in household2

In June 1831 Elijah was seen on the first personal tax list for Fayette County along with uncles James and Bailey, cousin Eli, and father William WOOD.3

On 2 October 1835, Elijah and Amos WOOD were administrators at the sale of the personal property of William WOOD. At the sale, Elijah bought one foot adz, plank per hundred, one stone hammer, one shovel, and one mooly (sic, muley) bull.4

The 1840s

Elijah and his wife had 5 more children by the time the 1840 census was enumerated: Turze Lucresia “Turzey” (1832-bet. 1885-1888), James Simpson (1833-1887), Nancy E. (1835-1898), Elijah Stuart “Sty” (1836-1921), and Rebecca Ann (1840-1866).

1840woodcensus
1840 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Fayette > Sheet 149A

1840 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
Enumerated as of 1 June 1840
Sheet No. 149A&B
Elijah Wood
2 males under 5 yo (James Simpson, Elijah Stuart)
1 male 10 & under 15 yo (Allen Alexander)
1 male 30 & under 40 yo (Elijah)
2 females under 5 yo (Nancy E., Rebecca Ann)
1 female 5 & under 10 yo (Turze Lucresia)
3 females 10 & under 15 yo (Sarah Ann, Amanda Jane, Mary Salinas)
1 female 30 & under 40 yo (Rachel)
11 persons in household
2 persons engaged in agriculture5

Shirley Donnelly wrote the column “Yesterday and Today” published in the Beckley Post-Herald (West Virginia). On 28 April 1975 his article “River Towns Full of History” included the following about land in the Lansing area that Elijah WOOD sold in 1841 [this needs to be researched; 11/26/1858 Elijah Wood to Eliza A. Townsend Bk E pg 282 Nr Chestnutburg – this deed may reference back to the 1841 land sale]:

“Lansing….is an old Fayette County settlement. It is located on the Chestnutburg road that runs out of Ansted and into the Edmond community. It is near where the high bridge is now under construction over New River Gorge. The land at Lansing was first owned by Elijah Wood of the Ansted area. Wood sold some of his land in the Lansing section to John Townsend in 1841.”

In 1844 Elijah WOOD was the crier for the sale of the estate of his uncle Richard SKAGGS6, widower of Susannah WOOD, and in 1846 for the estate of Joseph FOX.7

In 1845 Amos WOOD wrote his last will and testament and named his brothers Elijah and Allen as executors. The handwritten pages 107-110 in the Book of Wills, where Amos’ will would be found, are missing however this collection of records was also typed up at one time and added to the back of the will book.8

Elijah and his wife had their two youngest children in the 1840s: William Frederick (1842-1916) and Lewis L. (1845-bef. 1885). Their three oldest daughters married: Amanda Jane married Joshua J. PARRISH on 1 June 18439; Sarah Ann married William A. W. DEMPSEY abt. 1845; and Mary Salinas married George A. McGRAW on 1 June 1850, page 54, 7th entry.10

The 1850s

His oldest son Allen Alexander was working as a blacksmith in Greenbrier County in 1850 per the census.11 Elijah was a farmer with his wife Rachel and their seven younger children in Fayette County.

1850woodcensus
1850 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Fayette > Sheet 337A > HH#94-94

1850 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
The 14th District, Sheet 337A
Enumerated by me on the 26th day of July, 1850. T. B. Hamilton, Ass’t Marshal.
HH #94-94
Elijah Wood 43 M Farmer $700 Virginia
Rachel Wood 46 F Virginia cannot read & write
Turze Wood 18 F Virginia attended school
Simpson Wood 17 M Laborer Virginia attended school
Nancy Wood 15 F Virginia attended school
E. S. Wood 13 M Virginia attended school
Ann E. Wood 11 F Virginia attended school
Wm. Wood 8 M Virginia
Lewis Wood 5 M Virginia12

Elijah was seen purchasing one horse beast on 26 March 1853 at the estate sale of George R. JOHNSON13 and a small table, one hand saw, and three jugs on 13 August 1853 at the estate sale of William TERRY.14

During the 1850s six of Elijah’s children married: Allen Alexander married Margaret Ann HOOVER on 12 February 1851;14 Turze Lucresia “Turzey” married John H. NEAL in March 1855;15 Rebecca Ann married William W. RYAN on 25 December 1855;16 James Simpson married Ellen E. ALEXANDER on 1 June 1856;17 Nancy E. married Charles B. JOHNSON on 11 December 1856;18 and Elijah Stuart “Sty” married Margaret Virginia TOWNSEND before 1860.

During the 1850s Elijah WOOD wasn’t only a farmer. He was elected to the Office of the Constable in district No. 3 of Fayette County in 1852, 1854, and 1856 for two-year periods. He took the legal oaths and entered into bonds as prescribed by law.19,20,21,22

The 1860s

The marriages of the children left Elijah and his wife with only their two youngest sons living at home and attending school in 1860.

1860woodcensus
1860 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Fayette > Page 11 > Sheet 321 > HH#76-69

1860 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
District No. 2, Page No. 11
Enumerated by me on the 11th day of June, 1860. P. Morton, Ass’t Marshal.
Fayetteville Post Office, Sheet No. 321
HH #76-69
Elijah Wood 53 M Farmer $2500 $500 Virginia
Rachel Wood 56 F Virginia
William Wood 18 M Farm Laborer Virginia attended school
Lewis L. Wood 15 M Farm Laborer Virginia attended school23

There were several deaths in the family in the 1860s. Elijah’s wife Rachel HONAKER died during the decade, his daughter Rebecca Ann died on 19 March 1866,24 and his sons-in-law, William A. W. DEMPSEY died about 1867 and George A. McGRAW about 1868.

Elijah’s son William Frederick married Martha Ann HESS on 4 February 1864.25 Elijah remarried Rachel Louisa McGRAW before the 1870 census, however, no marriage record has been found.

The 1870s

After the death of Elijah’s son-in-law William A. W. DEMPSEY, his widowed daughter Sarah Ann had to put her children in the care of her siblings and father. Elijah took in Eunice and John DEMPSEY.

1870woodcensus
1870 U.S. Federal Census > West Virginia > Fayette > Page 99 > Sheet 144A > HH#74-74; online https://archive.org/stream/populationschedu1686unit#page/n289/mode/1up : accessed 20 April 2014

1870 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
Mountain Cove Township, Page No. 99
Enumerated by me on the 14th day of  July 1870. Wm. T. Lowry, Ass’t Marshal.
Fayetteville Post Office, Sheet No. 144A
HH #74-74
Wood, Elijah 63 M W Farmer $1300 $350 Virginia male US citizen over 21 yo
Wood, Rachael L. 45 F W Keeping House Virginia
Dempsey, Unis 14 F W At Home Virginia
Dempsey, John 12 M W Farm Laborer Virginia26

Two of Elijah’s daughters, both widowed, remarried in the 1870s. Mary Salinas married Michael Price ARBAUGH on 26 April 1871 27 and, following his death, she married Milton SIMS on 4 February 1876.28 His daughter Sarah Ann had planned to marry James R. REID (a marriage license was taken out on 27 November 1872 but not used)29 and seven weeks later married John M. FOX, a widower, on 14 January 1873.30

The 1880s

By 1880 Elijah’s granddaughter Eunice DEMPSEY who had been living in his household in 1870 had married.31 His grandsons John and Elijah DEMPSEY were living with him in 1880.32

1880woodcensus
1880 U.S. Federal Census > West Virginia > Fayette > ED 30 > Page 21 > Sheet 104A > HH#185-185

1880 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
Mountain Cove, Page No. 21
Enumerated by me on the 10th day of June 1880. W. C. Miller, enumerator.
Enumeration District No. 30, Sheet No. 104A
HH #185-185
Wood, Elijah W M 73 Farmer WV WV WV
Wood, Rachel L. W F 54 wife married Keeping house WV WV VA Wife
Dempsey, Elijah W M 17 laborer single Farm laborer WV WV WV
Dempsey, Jno H. W M 22 laborer single Works in coal yard WV WV WV
McGraw, Polly W F 72 mother-in-law widowed Keeping house WV WV WV

Also in his household was his mother-in-law Polly McGRAW. Her presence in his household has been very helpful in proving that Elijah was married twice. The age difference in the 1870 and 1880 census for Rachel L.  compared to the 1850 and 1860 for Elijah’s first wife Rachel suggested that Elijah was married twice – both ladies being named Rachel. Earlier census listings for Polly McGRAW show that she was the mother of Rachel Louisa McGRAW.33,34

1885 Last Will and Testament

Elijah WOOD left a last will and testament dated 14 March 1885. It was proven on 23 September 1885.35

Last Will and Testament of Elijah Wood Decd
I Elijah Wood in the name of God Amen do make and publish this as my last Will and Testament.
First: I direct that I shall be buried in a suitable manner in accordance
with my station in life.
Second: I will and bequeath to my beloved wife Rachel Louisa the home place
where I now live during her natural life, should she prefer that the place be
sold she is to receive one third of the proceeds of sale or so much thereof
as she may need for support. I also give to her one cow of her choice, one
hog of her choice, one bed and my kitchen furniture. I also give to her
interest on four hundred dollars of my personal estate or more if she should
need it during her life.
Third: I give and bequeath to my grandson John H. Dempsey my farm situate on
horse shoe Creek Consisting of two tracts containing Sixty acres more or less
and he is charged with the payment of one hundred Dollars to be paid to the
rest of my heirs but it is my wish and I direct that he shall not be
oppressed in the payment of said one hundred dollars. $100.00
Fourth: I give and bequeath to my grandson Elijah Lewis Dempsey one hundred
dollars to be paid out of my personal estate.
Fifth: I give and bequeath to my granddaughter Jerusha Rogers the sum of
fifty dollars to be paid out of my personal estate.
Sixth: I will and bequeath all the rest of my estate to my nine living
children Viz Allen A. Wood, Amanda J. Parrish, Sarah A. Fox, Mary Salina Sims,
Tersey Lucresia Neal, James S. Wood and Nancy E. Johnston, Elijah S. Wood, W. F.
Wood and I do make them the residuary legatees of my estate to them equally
portion and portion alike.
Seventh: I do appoint and constitute G. W. Imboden and James Simpson Wood my
son as the executors of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all
former wills by me made.
Given under my hand  and seal this 14th day  of March ad 1885
Elijah Wood seal

We the subscribing witnesses have this day witnessed the foregoing will
signed and declared by Elijah Wood as his Will and in his presence and signed
in the presence of each of us and we have signed in the presence of each
other this 14th day of March 1885.
Allen McGraw
George L. McClung
G. W. Imboden

In Vacation

In the office of the clerk of the county Court of Fayette County West
Virginia September 23, 1885.
This day the last Will and Testament of Elijah Wood late of this county
deceased was presented and offered for probate by James Simpson Wood one of
the Executors named in said will and after having upon oath the evidence of
Allen McGraw, George L. McClung and G. W. Imboden the three subscribing witnesses thereto as to the signature of said Elijah Wood deceased to said will and the genuineness of the same.
It is ordered that the said will be and the same is hereby admitted to
record.
And whereas the said G. W. Imboden the other executor named in said will
refused to qualify as such executor the said James Simpson Wood Executor
appointed and named as aforesaid Appeared and took the oath required by law
and together with J. A. Taylor and F. M. McClung his surety entered into and
acknowledged a bond in the penalty of six thousand dollars conditional
according to law And on motion of the said James Simpson Wood Executor as
aforesaid, Wm Deitz, Franklin Hess, and Wm Martin are hereby appointed
appraisers to appraise the personal estate of the said Elijah Wood deceased
and report to this office according to law.
Teste: E B Hawkins Clerk
Fayette County Court Clerks Office September 23rd 1885
The foregoing will was this day presented in my office proved by the oaths
of the subscribing witnesses thereto and admitted.

Elijah named his nine living children: Allen A. Wood, Amanda J. Parrish, Sarah A. Fox, Mary Salina Sims, Tersey Lucresia Neal, James S. Wood, Nancy E. Johnston, Elijah S. Wood, and W. F. Wood. His daughter Rebecca Ann was not named as she died in 1866. His son Lewis L. may have died between 1860 and 1885. No trace of him was found after the 1860 census. I believe it can be assumed that Lewis predeceased his father as he is not listed as one of the living children.

Elijah made bequeaths to John and Elijah Lewis DEMPSEY, sons of his daughter Sarah Ann, and to Jerusha ROGERS, daughter of his deceased daughter Rebecca Ann.

Elijah’s death record

Elijah WOOD, a white male farmer, died on 10 September 1885 in Fayette County, West Virginia. The cause of death was “hemorrhage.” His widow Rachel L. Wood, the informant, did not give the names of his parents.36

Getting back to his parentage

WOOD is a common surname in Old Virginia. I need to analyze the pre-1850 census listings for Greenbrier, Monroe, Nicholas, and Fayette counties for WOOD and WOODS.

The county lines were changing as new counties were being formed in Old Virginia. Woodville, now known as Ansted, once part of Greenbrier County, fell to Monroe County in 1799, to Nicholas County in 1818, and finally to Fayette County in 1831 as the counties were formed.  The image quality of the census has gotten better over the last dozen or so years and I am finding some errors in the work I previously did on the census. I believe taking a new look, maybe even starting from scratch, might help. This project will be discussed in a later post.

I put out some feelers to see if other descendants of Elijah WOOD; of William WOOD, believed to be his father; or of Bailey WOOD Sr., believed to be Elijah’s grandfather may have some keys that will help unlock and push open the door in this brick wall!

Lyle LeMasters’ work has been used as a guide by many descendants of the WOOD families in the Fayette County, West Virginia, area. He did early census work and searched for land records, wills, etc. I am happy to say that he replied right away:

Hello, Cathy nice to talk to you again. There is no 100 percent proof without a will and all of the children or surviving grandchildren of a child being named. Elijah and 2 brothers being named in a relationship as you stated is proof but still does not establish their parents without one of them having a death record naming their parents. The same goes for Bailey Wood Sr. and some of his children selling land in a deed as their part of Bailey Wood Sr.’s estate. This is not 100 percent proof but they would have to be heirs or entitled to sell the land. No will for Bailey Wood Sr. was found to date to establish his children. Considering they were the only Wood family in that area while the others were using Woods helps but it is not 100 percent proof. The Bailey Wood Sr. land grants and the land sold also help prove a possible relationship of his heirs but not 100 percent.

And so the research to prove the parentage of Elijah WOOD continues.

This Post Was Updated on 9 April 2022Missing source citations were added and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 495643, image 130, West Virginia, Re-Index and Copy of Marriage Record No. 1–Nicholas County, line 6, 4 Jan 1925, Elijah Wood and Rachel Hannaker, married by Jno Campbell, citing Nicholas County. (http://images.wvculture.org/495643/00130.jpg : accessed 25 April 2013). 
  2. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry  (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Roll 190, FHL Film 0029669, West Virginia, Greenbrier, page 209A&B, line 15, (Elijha) Elijah Wood (accessed 8 February 2022). 
  3. “Personal property tax lists, 1831-1850” (images), FamilySearch, Virginia Commissioner of the Revenue (Fayette County), microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, Film 2024536, DGS 7849112, image 22 of 589, 1831 page 20. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQK-19VN-9?i=21&cat=777450 : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  4. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (digital images of originals housed at local county courthouse in West Virginia), Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > images 39-40 of 292 > page 55-57, sale bill of the personal property of William Wood (Elijah and Amos Wood were administrators). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-97?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  5. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, Roll 555, FHL Film 0029685, Virginia, Fayette, page 149 (stamped), line 4, Elijah Wood (accessed 8 February 2022). 
  6. West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971, Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 68 of 292; (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9S7-5W?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022) 
  7. Ibid., Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 72 of 292 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SW-WP?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022) 
  8. Ibid., Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 224 of 292 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-5S?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022) 
  9. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 203, West Virginia, Fayette, page 28, entry 8, 1 June 1843, Joshua Parish Jr. and Amanda Wood, by W. Carnafix. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00203.jpg : accessed 8 February 2022). 
  10. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 217, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 54, 7th entry, 1 Jun 1850, George A. McGraw and Mary S. Wood by Martin T. Bibb. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00217.jpg : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  11. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: 947, Virginia, Greenbrier, District 18, Sheet 235A (stamped), page 469, household 7-7, lines 7-22, Geo W Sydenstricker (accessed 3 April 2022). 
  12. Ibid., Roll: 943, Virginia, Fayette County, District 14, sheet 337A (stamped), household 94-94, lines 19-27, Elijah Wood (accessed 3 April 2022). 
  13. Ibid., Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 262 of 292 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-NY?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022) 
  14. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 98, West Virginia, Register of Marriages in Greenbrier, page 14 (double-page spread), line 12, 10 Feb license, Alexander Wood and Margaret Ann Hoover, 12 Feb 1851 by James Remly. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00098.jpg : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  15. “Vital statistics, 1853-1860 of West Virginia,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, citing microreproduction of original manuscripts at the Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, Calhoun – Hampshire counties, Film 34485, DGS 7499353, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1855, image 135 of 554, no page number (double-page spread), line 12, March 1855, John Neal and Turze Wood. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89Z5-F8HB?i=134&cat=308753 : accessed 19 January 2022). 
  16. Ibid., Fayette County Register of Marriages 1855, image 135 of 554, no page number (double-page spread), line 38, 25 Dec 1855, William W. Ryan and Rebecca A. Wood. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89Z5-F8HB?i=134&cat=308753 : accessed 19 January 2022). 
  17. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 14, West Virginia, Kanawha County Register of Marriages, page 9 (double-page spread), line 53, 1 Jun 1856, James S. Wood and Ellen E. Alexander. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00014.jpg : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  18. Vital statistics, 1853-1860 of West Virginia, Calhoun – Hampshire counties, Film 34485, DGS 7499353, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1855, image 137 of 554, no page number (double-page spread), line 29, 11 Dec 1856, Chas. Johnson and Nancy E. Wood. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9Z5-FZXH?i=136 : accessed 6 December 2020). 
  19. Lyle LeMasters, email dated 21 April 2014, Re: Feedback received from your friend for “52 Ancestors: #16 Elijah WOOD abt. 1806-1885,” These were the bonds for Elijah being a Justice of the Peace in Fayette County: 10 June 1852 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 332, 15 June 1854 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 539, 12 June 1856 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 713. Note: I have not located the VA Comwth Bond Bk cited by Lyle. However, I found entries in the court minutes and order books to confirm the bonds were entered into. 
  20. “Court minutes and order books, 1837-1928,” browse-only images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Fayette County, West Virginia courthouse., Film 585503, DGS 8613698, Minute books, v. 3-4 1848-1861, image 107 of 393, page 489, June Court 1852, last entry, 10 June 1852 Elijah Wood took oaths and entered into a bond for his election to the Office of the Constable in district 3. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1P9M?i=106&cat=100698 : accessed 4 April 2022). 
  21. Ibid., image 173 of 393, page 611, June Court 1852, 5th entry, 15 June 1854, Elijah Wood took oaths and entered into a bond for his election as constable in District 3. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1G5M?i=172&cat=100698 : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  22. Ibid., image 229 of 393, page 720, June Court 1856, 4th entry, 12 June 1856, Elijah Wood took oaths and entered into a bond for his election as constable in District 3. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1GB9?i=228&cat=100698 : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  23. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll M653_1344, FHL 805344, Virginia, Fayette County, District 2, page 11, sheet 321, household 76-69, lines 20-23, Elijah Wood(accessed 5 April 2022). 
  24. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584755, image 86, Fayette County Register of Death 1866, page 2-3 (double-page spread), line 29, 19 March 1866, Rebecca A. Ryan, Mountain Cove. (http://images.wvculture.org/584755/00086.jpg : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  25. Rhoda Applegate, letter to Eli J. Harrah dated 2 February 1990, sent by Vernon Fox to Sherranlynn Kincaid Nichols (received 15 August 1998). William Frederick Wood mar. Martha Hess 4 Feb 1864, they were first cousins. 
  26. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686; West Virginia, Fayette County, Mountain Cove, page 11, sheet 144A (stamped 144), household 74-74, lines 31-34, Elijah Wood (accessed 21 January 2022). 
  27. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 225, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 15 (double-page spread), line 21, 26 April 1871, Michael P. Arbaugh and Mary S. McGraw, married by I.C. Cavendish. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00255.jpg : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  28. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 269, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 28 (double-page spread), line 22, 4 Feb 1876, Milton Sims and Mary S. Arbaugh married by I.C. Cavendish. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00269.jpg : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  29. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 260, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 20, entry 17, 27 Nov 1872, James R. Reid and Sarah Ann Wood (marked out) Dempsey, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00260.jpg : accessed 9 February 2022). 
  30. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 260, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 20, entry 32, 14 Jan 1873, John M. Fox and Sarah A. Dempsey, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00260.jpg : accessed 9 February 2022). 
  31. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, Fayette, West Virginia, Register of Marriage 1873, image 261, page 21, line 9, John I. Skaggs and Eunice Dempsey, 11 May 1873, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00261.jpg : accessed 21 January 2022). 
  32. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll: 1402, West Virginia, Fayette County, Mountain Cove, enumeration district 30, sheet 104A, household 185-185, lines 16-20, Elijah Wood (accessed 9 February 2022). 
  33. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Roll: M432_943, Image: 281+282. Virginia, Fayette, District 14, sheets 338A+B (stamped), household 107-107, Henry McGraw (accessed 7 September 2014). 
  34. 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Roll: M653_1344, FHL Film: 805344, Virginia, Fayette County, District 3, page 100, sheet 410 (handwritten), household 743-680, lines 17-22, Henry McGraw (accessed 7 September 2014). 
  35. West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971, Fayette County Will books, 1832-1969 > Fayette Will book, v. 03 1885-1901 > image 33+34 of 274 (pages 7+8) > 1885 Elijah Wood. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18272-69978-57?cc=1909099&wc=10916503 : accessed 8 February 2022). 
  36. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584755, image 291, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Death, page 342-343 (stamped) line 73, Elijah Wood, 10 Sep 1885, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584755/00291.jpg : accessed 9 February 2022).