52 Ancestors: #14 SCHERFF-STEIMETZ Family of Born, Luxembourg

After five weeks of posts on five sets my children’s 5th great-grandparents who lived in what is now Germany, this week’s couple takes me back to research in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. [What can I say, I love Luxembourg research!]

However, before we go to Luxembourg, I’d like to share a little bit about the ancestry of the male actor in this week’s post. Joannes SCHERFF was born in Waldrach, Trier-Saarburg, Rhineland, Germany, abt. 1754 to Nicolaus and Helena SCHERFF. Period.

This was all I knew when I started this post. Now, having access to the German family books at my genealogy society’s library, I was able to add several generations to Joannes’ pedigree. His parents, grandparents, great-grandparents, and four of his great-great-grandparents were born, lived, and/or died in Waldrach. They have names. They have dates of birth, marriage, and death. They have descendants. Missing, however, are the records to back all of this up. For now, they are placeholders in the family tree, waiting to be researched.[1], [2]

Joannes SCHERFF of Waldrach in Germany

Joannes SCHERFF, the son of Nicolaus SCHERFF and Helena OTTO, was born on 20 September 1754 in Waldrach.[1], [2]

I learned from the family books that Joannes’ mother Helena first married in 1743, at the age of 33, to Nikolaus SCHUH who was only 25. She gave him two children. A son Matthias was born in 1744 and a daughter Margaretha was born in 1745, four months after Nikolaus SCHUH died. A year after her first husband’s death, Helena married Nicolaus SCHERFF. Helena was 36 and Nicolaus was 22. [Note to self: What was going on in the Kingdom of Prussia or in Waldrach that made it necessary for a woman to marry, both times, a man much younger than she was?]

Helena’s son Matthias from her first marriage may have died before age four as she and her second husband named their first child Matthias in 1748. It is unknown if Helena had any other children before Joannes was born six years later. Helena died in 1755 when her youngest son Joannes was only 14 months old. Her widower Nicolaus married again in 1757 to Katharina OTTO, Helena’s first cousin once removed.

Joannes’ father Nicolaus SCHERFF died between 1764 when his last known child was born and 1791 when his son Joannes married.

Anna Maria STEIMETZ of Born in Luxembourg

Anna Maria STEIMETZ, daughter of Dominique STEIMETZ (1737-1799) and Magdalena “Helena” KOCH (1739-aft.1799), was born and baptized on 25 May 1763 in the village of Born in the Duchy of Luxembourg. Her godparents were Anna Maria BERSCHENS and Petro WERNER. On her baptismal record, her name was given as Anna Maria. Later, in other records produced during her lifetime her name seen as Maria without Anna.[3]

1763 Baptismal Record of Anna Maria STEIMETZ [3]

The Connection Between Waldrach and Born

We have two people, a young man from Waldrach and a young woman from Born. How they came to meet is unknown. The straight distance between Waldrach, to the east of Trier, and Born which lies to the west of Trier is about 17 km. A short distance in today’s world.

If you zoom out enough on the above map to compare with the one below, you will see that Waldrach belonged to the area of Germany which was not part of Luxembourg during the time period.

By Spanish_Inquisition (LuxembourgPartitionsMap_english.jpg), via Wikimedia Commons

Joannes and Maria Marry in Born

1791 Marriage Record of Joannes SCHERFF and Maria STEIMETZ [4]
Joannes married Maria on Thursday, 5 May 1791 in Born. At the time of their marriage, Joannes’ parents were both deceased. Joannes and Maria signed with a +, Maria’s father Dominique signed with a D, and Joannes’ brother “Niclas SCHERFF” left an F as his mark on the marriage record. The witness Paulus SCHÖLER and the pastor signed the record as they were the only persons able to write. [4]

On the marriage index card an obvious transcription error was made, given her first name as Margaretha.[5]

1791 Marriage Index Card for the SCHERFF-STEIMETZ marriage [5]
Joannes and Maria had four children during their first eight years of marriage.

1792 Baptismal Record for Michel SCHERFF [6]
Michel SCHERFF was born on 2 July 1792 in Born at two in the morning and was baptized seven hours later. His godparents were Michael BRAUN of Givenich and Catharina STEIMETZ, his maternal aunt from Born. Michel was my children’s 4th great-grandfather.[6]

1794 Baptismal Record for Nicolaus SCHERFF [7]
Nicolaus SCHERFF was born on 6 December 1794 in Born at three in the morning and baptized in the afternoon. His godfather came from Waldrach and was his paternal uncle Niclas SCHERFF, half-brother of his father who had also been a witness at the 1791 marriage. His godmother was his maternal grandmother Helena STEIMETZ. Helena would normally have been seen with her maiden name KOCH however in this case she was named with her husband’s surname. Nicolaus was the last child baptized in the year 1794. Directly below his entry, we see the pastor has likely transcribed births for the year to the parish register after the fact and makes note that this is a conformed copy.[7]

1797 Baptismal Record of Anna SCHERFF [8]
Anna SCHERFF was born on 18 September 1797 in Born at three in the morning and was baptized the same afternoon. Her godparents were her paternal uncle Peter SCHERFF from Waldrach and Anna TRIERWEILER from Born.[8] Peter was not a name found in the family books for Waldrach. Is there an error on Anna’s baptismal record? Was Peter a full sibling or only half-sibling of the father of the child?

1799 Civil Birth Record of Dominique SCHERFF [9]
Dominique SCHERFF was born on 15 Thermidor in the 8th year of the Republic or 6 December 1799 in Born. His birth was recorded in the civil register by the acting mayor of Born, Michel KINN who lived in Girst where the register entry was made. The child’s father, in the record written in French, was listed as Jean SCHERFF. He was an ouvrier de la commune de Born meaning he was likely working for the town in some capacity.[9]

This last child was very likely named after his maternal grandfather Dominique STEIMETZ who died earlier in the year, on 9 April 1799 at his own home. He was in his sixties. His death was reported by his widow Helena KOCH.[10]

Six years after the loss of her father, Maria was widowed and left with four children between the ages of six and twelve. Her husband Joannes SCHERFF died on 20 January 1805 in Born. He was fifty-one years old.[11]

It is not known how long Maria may have had the support of her mother Helena as no death record has been found for her. Helena was the mother of eleven children: seven died young, one son has not been traced, a son married and went to live in Dahnen (Germany), leaving Maria and her sister Catharina who has not been traced after the birth of an illegitimate child in 1796.

On 2 October 1818 Maria’s daughter Anna died at the age of twenty-one. Her death was reported by two of their neighbors.[12] Census records are only available online from 1843 making it difficult to determine where her two older brothers were and why they didn’t report her death. It is possible they were working away from home. No trace of Nicolaus, the younger of the two, who would have been 24 by this time, has been found. No marriage record. No death record.

Michel, the oldest son, married Elisabetha CLEMENS (1796-1870), daughter of Joannes “Jean” CLEMENS and Suzanna “Susanne” WEBER, on 12 February 1827 in Born.[13] Michel (34) and Elisabetha (30) were my children’s 4th great-grandparents and were featured in my post 52 Ancestors: #33 SCHERFF-CLEMENS, A Family Dependent on Each Other.

Maria STEIMETZ died on 12 January 1833 in Born at the age of sixty-nine.[14] She lived long enough to see her first grandchild Johann celebrate his fourth birthday, having been born on 8 April 1828.[15] She must have known her daughter-in-law Elisabetha was pregnant with her second child who would be born on 24 June 1833[16], a son Peter. Later census records indicate Michel and Elisabetha lived in the STEIMETZ family home, a home which would remain in the family for several generations.

Michel and Elisabetha had a third and last child, Catharina SCHERFF (1836-1908) born on 25 October 1836 in Born.[17]

The youngest child of Joannes and Maria SCHERFF-STEIMETZ, Dominique married Anne WEISEN (1804-1885), daughter of Michael WEISEN, on 13 January 1846 in Mompach.[18] They were both in their forties when they married. The marriage lasted only a little over five years as Dominique died on 12 August 1851 in Born.[19]

The oldest son, and only known living child at the time, Michel SCHERFF died on 2 January 1865 in Born at the age of 72.[20] His widow Elisabetha CLEMENS died five years later on 17 June 1870 in Born.[21]

Dominique’s widow Anne outlived him by 34 years dying on 11 November 1885 in Born.[22] As they did not have any children, her only survivors on her husband’s side of the family were the three children of her brother-in-law Michel SCHERFF.

Pushing Back Another Generation

Not only did I look into Joannes SCHERFF’s ancestry, as seen in the beginning of this post, but also into Maria STEIMETZ’s. Hers was not as simple. I had the years of birth for all of her siblings as well as the links to their baptismal records but needed to download the documents, add the information, and cite the sources.

While doing this I noticed an annotation in the margin of the baptismal record of the youngest child Henricus born to Dominique STEIMETZ and Magdalena KOCH. It read, Submersus Surlippe Mesenich. At first, I could not read the first two words but I knew Mesenich was a location. Submersus means drowned. This annotation may mean Henricus died by drowning possibly in the Sauer River in Mesenich, today a part of Langsur.

I have a few digital copies of German family books and Mesenich is one of them. I checked for Steimetz in the book as I thought I might find information on the child named Henri/Heinrich. What I found was an entry for his parents: Dominic STEINMETZ of Born and Helena KOCH of Mertert married on 4 March 1759 in Mesenich.[23] There is no further information concerning their children. However, now knowing where they were from, at the time of their marriage, may help to push back yet another generation.

While I was at home finishing up this post, my husband went on a 100 km bike ride through the Luxembourg and German countryside and came back with this photograph.

Yes, he listens when I ask about places (even when I really mess up the pronounciation) and surprises me with new photo content for my blog.

bestwishescathy1

Sources:
[1] Armin Giebel, compiler, Familienbuch Standesamt Ruwer-Waldrach, (Stand: Sept. 2016), page 3036, family nr. 15422. Scherff-Otto family group.
[2] Leo Schuh, Familienbuch der katholischen Pfarrei Sankt Laurentius in Waldrach mit Kasel 1681 bis1899 (2002), page 436-437, family nr. 2214. Scherff-Otto family group.
[3] Luxembourg, registres paroissiaux, 1601-1948 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Born > Baptêmes 1761-1797, mariages 1761-1797, sépultures 1762-1797 > image 7 of 88. 1763 Baptismal Record part 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32399-4460-51?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJQ:1500965969,1500965970 : accessed 12 August 2015) and image 8 of 88. 1763 Baptismal Record part 2. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32399-4285-31?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJQ:1500965969,1500965970 : accessed 12 August 2015).
[4] Ibid., Born > Baptêmes 1761-1797, mariages 1761-1797, sépultures 1762-1797 > image 65 of 88. 1791 Religious Marriage Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32399-3792-9?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJQ:1500965969,1500965970 : accessed 12 August 2015).
[5] Ibid., Born > Tables des mariages 1764-1800 (index organisée par l’époux) > image 31 of 46. 1791 Scherff-Steimetz marriage card. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32462-25635-70?cc=2037955&wc=STH8-TQ9:1500965969,1501369362 : accessed 12 August 2015).
[6] Ibid., Born > Baptêmes 1761-1797, mariages 1761-1797, sépultures 1762-1797 > image 44 of 88. 1792 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32399-4066-61?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJQ:1500965969,1500965970 : accessed 10 August 2015).
[7] Ibid., Born > Baptêmes 1761-1797, mariages 1761-1797, sépultures 1762-1797 > image 48 of 88. 1794 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32399-4183-49?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJQ:1500965969,1500965970 : accessed 16 August 2015).
[8] Ibid., Born > Baptêmes 1761-1797, mariages 1761-1797, sépultures 1762-1797 > image 51 of 88. 1797 Baptismal Record, part 1 (right page, bottom) (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32399-3883-9?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJQ:1500965969,1500965970 : accessed 12 August 2015) and image 52 of 88. 1797 Baptismal Record, part 2 (left page, top)  (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32399-3761-17?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJQ:1500965969,1500965970 : accessed 12 August 2015).
[9] Ibid., Born > Naissances 1796-1802, mariages 1797-1800, décès 1796-1802 > image 51 of 59. 1799 Birth Record (left page). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32399-4707-30?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJ7:1500965969,1501017588 : accessed 12 August 2015).
[10] Ibid., Born > Naissances 1796-1802, mariages 1797-1800, décès 1796-1802 > image 44 of 59. 1799 Death Record ((20 Germinal An 7), part 1(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-9971-176D?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJ7%3A1500965969%2C1501017588 : 9 January 2015) and image 45 of 59. 1799 Death Record ((20 Germinal An 7), part 2. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-8971-17ZM?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJ7%3A1500965969%2C1501017588 : 9 January 2015).
[11] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Mompach > Naissances 1834-1890 Mariages 1797-1814, 1796-1809, 1799-1830 > image 713 of 1393. 1805 Death Record part 1 (lower right hand corner). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-131175-10?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LHS:2047330937 : accessed 12 Apr 2013) and image 714 of 1393. 1805 Death Record part 2 (upper right hand corner). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-130091-27?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LHS:2047330937 : accessed 12 Apr 2013).
[12] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 865 of 1480. 1818 Death Record (left page, top). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-17833-63?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL:130097801,130138901 : accessed 13 August 2015).
[13] Ibid., Mompach > Naissances 1834-1890 Mariages 1797-1814, 1796-1809, 1799-1830 > image 1061 of 1393. 1827 Marriage Record No. 2.  (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-134204-2?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LHS:2047330937 : accessed 7 Apr 2010).
[14] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 1116 of 1480. 1833 Death Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-14665-65?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L4B:1262051718 : accessed 12 Apr 2013).
[15] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 510 of 1480. 1858 Marriage Record No. 2. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-22567-77?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL:130097801,130138901 : accessed 10 August 2015). Note: The date of birth was found on the tables décennales however the birth record has not been located.
[16] Ibid., Mompach > Naissances 1799-1834 > image 267 of 272. 1833 Birth Record No. 20. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12332-98522-18?cc=1709358&wc=9RYQ-ZNP:130097801,130378501 : accessed 27 April 2015).
[17] Ibid., Mompach > Naissances 1834-1890 Mariages 1797-1814, 1796-1809, 1799-1830 > image 33 of 1393. 1836 Birth Record No. 26. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-131830-98?cc=1709358&wc=9RYC-C68:130097801,130406101 : accessed 21 Nov 2014).
[18] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 442 of 1480. 1846 Marriage Record No. 2. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-20696-75?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL:130097801,130138901 : accessed 27 April 2015).
[19] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 1241 of 1480. 1851 Death Record No. 16. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-XCQP-3G?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL%3A130097801%2C130138901 : 17 July 2014).
[20] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 1339 of 1480. 1865 Death Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-13264-86?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L4B:1262051718 : accessed 05 Apr 2013).
[21] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 1393 of 1480. 1870 Death Record No. 13. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-16490-66?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL:130097801,130138901 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[22] Ibid., Mompach > Décès 1880-1891 > image 48 of 90. 1885 Death Record No. 26. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DBBQ-LDP?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-DPF%3A130097801%2C130097802 : 17 July 2014).
[23] Heinrich Wagner, Familienburch Mesenich 1705-1899 (Ortschaften Födlich (1705-ca.1800), Grewenich, Mesenich, Metzdorf und Moersdorf (Luxembourg) (1705-1807)), Mersch 1997 (Association Luxembourgeoise de Généalogie et d’Héraldique), p. 302, family nr. 1104. Entry for Dominic Steinmetz of Born and Helena Koch from Mertert.

© 2017, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

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52 Ancestors: #33 SCHERFF-CLEMENS, A Family Dependent on Each Other

Week 33 (August 13-19) – Defective, Dependent, & Delinquent: In 1880, there was a special census schedule for “Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes” — the blind, deaf, paupers, homeless children, prisoners, insane, and idiotic. Do you have someone in your family tree who would have been classified as such? (To learn more about the special 1880 schedule, see my post, “Do You Have a Defective Ancestor?“)

A Researcher’s Wish List

As soon as I read Amy’s post, Do You Have a Defective Ancestor? I knew wanted to search for two of my 4th great-grand uncles, John G. “Jehu” (deaf & dumb) and Jubal (idiot) SUMNER. Although I have my own little trick to access FREE census records these schedules are only available on Ancestry.com with a subscription. The Research Manager in my genealogy program is going to come in handy when I decide to subscribe again. In the meantime….

Imagine what your research would be like if the census had been taken every 3 or so years instead of once a decade. What would you wish for on the census to make your research easier? Maiden names? Birthdates? The name of the town instead of the state for the birthplace? Religious affiliation? The whereabouts of a missing household member? Signature of the head of household? Wish no more if you are one of the lucky ones to have ancestors in Luxembourg. Thanks to FamilySearch these census records are FREE although browse only.

House Name (Maison dite)

Along with the above research helpers the Luxembourg census also included the house name (maison dite). In Luxembourg the homes of long established families were known by their surname or their occupation. The SCHERFF-CLEMENS family lived in a house called Steimetz or Steimes in 1855, 1858, 1861, 1864, 1867, 1875, and 1880. [see census discussion below] Steimetz is an occupation, i.e. stone mason, and a surname. In later years, on the census, the street where the family lived, Duerfstrooss, was listed instead of the house name. I’m certain the SCHERFF-CLEMENS family was living in the ancestral home of the paternal grandmother’s family since she was a STEIMETZ.

The Father

Michel SCHERFF (1792-1865) was born and baptized on 2 July 1792 in Born. His parents were Joannes SCHERFF (1754-1805) and Maria STEIMETZ (1763-1833).[1]

1792baptism
1792 Baptismal Record for Joannes Scherff [1]
Michel’s godparents were Michael BRAUN from Givenich and Catharina STEIMETZ, his mother’s sister, from Born. His father Joannes and his godmother Catharina signed the baptismal record with a mark (Hand X zeichen) while his godfather Michael BRAUN had a very strong signature. (above)

Michel, the oldest of four known children, was only 12 1/2 years old when his father Joannes SCHERFF died on 20 January 1805 in Born. (see next image for 2nd part)

The Mother

Elisabetha CLEMENS (1796-1870) was born and baptized on 30 October 1796 in Steinheim. She was the daughter of Suzanna “Susanne” WEBER (1750-1825) and Joannes “Jean” CLEMENS (1750-1827).[2], [3][4] An extract of her baptismal record was obtained as evidence of her birth when she married in 1827.

1796baptismextract1
1827 Extract of 1796 Baptimal Record of Elisabetha Clemens (part 1)[2]
1796baptismextract2
1827 Extract of 1796 Baptimal Record of Elisabetha Clemens (part 2)[3]
This extract of the baptismal record led me to the original church record.[4] (below)

1796baptism
Original 1796 Baptismal Record for Elisabetha Clemens [4]
Her godparents were Joannes FEYLEN of Minheim (today known as Minden in Germany) and Elisabetha WAGENER of Steinheim. It’s important to pay attention to the godparents. The mother Susanne was from Minden and I wondered if Joannes FEYLEN could be a relative. I hadn’t researched Susanne’s parentage. Sometimes you have to go with the flow and check out these things. I won’t go into how I pulled this ancestor out of the hat but it turns out Susanne’s mother was a FEILEN per her 10 January 1750 baptismal record (right page, 2nd entry under 1750). The relationship to Joannes FEYLEN will have to wait for later.

Elisabetha’s mother Susanne WEBER died 4 March 1825 in Steinheim at the age of 65 years.[5] Her father Jean CLEMENS died 25 September 1827 in Steinheim also at the age of 65 years.[6] His birth/baptismal record has not been located to confirm his age at time of death.

The Marriage

Michel SCHERFF married Elisabetha CLEMENS on 12 February 1827 in Born.[7] Michel was 33 and Elisabetha was 30 years old. Michel’s mother Maria STEIMETZ and Elisabeth’s father Joannes CLEMENS were present and consented to the marriage. The bride and the mother of the groom were unable to right and made their mark (Hand X zeichen). The four witnesses were all from Born and possibly distantly related to the groom. The handwriting on the marriage record is faint and difficult to read. As the marriage took place in Born the bride Elisabetha, who was from Steinheim, had to produce a record of her birth and her mother’s death. These extracts were found at the end of the marriage records for 1827. The supporting documentation helped decipher the faint handwriting on the marriage record.

1827marriage
Signatures of the groom, father of the bride, four witnesses, civil servant, and the marks of the bride and mother of the groom.[7]

The Children

As seen in the marriage record Michel and Elisabetha were not a young couple when they married. Their first child was born 14 months after the marriage, the second followed 5 years later, and their third and last 16 months later. Elisabetha was 5 days short of her 40th birthday when she gave birth to her last child and only daughter Catharina.

  1. Johann SCHERFF born 8 Apr 1828 in Born.[8] He married Margaretha GOTTONG (1830-1903) on 27 Jan 1858 in Mompach.[9] Johann died 7 Dec 1901 in Born.[10]
  2. Peter SCHERFF born 24 Jun 1833 in Born.[11] He married Catharina WEYLAND (1839-1912) on 5 Feb 1862 in Mompach.[12] Peter died 18 Mar 1912 in Born.[13]
  3. Catharina SCHERFF born 25 Oct 1836 in Born.[14] She married Johann GORGES (1838-1913) on 14 Jan 1868 in Mompach.[15] Catharina died 2 Nov 1908 in Born.[16]

The Census

On 22 December 1843 the SCHERFF-CLEMENS family was enumerated in Born. The surname was spelled Schärff instead of Scherff. The birthdates are not all exact matches. Michel was working as a garde champêtre or rural guard (forest ranger, game warden). The children were all living at home and between the ages of 15 and 7.[17]

1843census
1843 Luxembourg Census

On 3 December 1846 the birthdates were once again included. The surname was spelled correctly. Michel was now working as a day laborer, Elisabetha was taking care of the household and three children.[18]

1846census
1846 Luxembourg Census

On 31 Dec 1847 the SCHERFF-CLEMENS household remained unchanged. The census form was in German and French and included a column with the length of time a person had been living in the community. Michel and the children had been living there since birth. Elisabetha had been living in Born for 20 years, since her marriage in 1827. Michel’s occupation was once again garde champêtre.[19]

1847census
1847 Luxembourg Census

In Dec 1849 the person who enumerated the census added the German translation of the headers for columns 2, 3, and 4. The SCHERFF-CLEMENS household remained the same. Michel’s occupation is illegible to me while the sons worked as day laborers. His wife Elisabetha and their daughter Catharina did not work outside of the home.[20]

1849census
1849 Luxembourg Census

On 31 Dec 1851 when the census was taken the information requested was the same as in 1847 – including the length of residence. As on all the census forms, for the place of birth the town was listed and if a person was a foreigner his country of origin was to be included. Although the sons were 24 and 18 they were still living at home and listed as not working. Michel was now the town crier/messenger (Gemeindebote).[21]

1851census
1851 Luxembourg Census

The census taken on 4 Dec 1852 gives very little information compared to the previous census. Missing in the SCHERFF-CLEMENS household is the younger son Peter. I cannot decipher Michel’s occupation but believe it may be another term (perhaps French) for Gemeindebote.[22]

1852census
1852 Luxembourg Census

On 3 Dec 1855 the SCHERFF-CLEMENS family is seen living in a house called Steimetz. Son Peter is back home. Michel is seen as a day laborer and most likely his sons are working with him. This census was signed Michel Scherff. Why is his signature on the census sheet? I had a look at several households before and after this one and came to this conclusion: Michel SCHERFF was the enumerator![23]

1855census
1855 Luxembourg Census

On 3 Dec 1858 the SCHERFF-CLEMENS family, living in a house called Steimetz, had a new member in the family. Their oldest son Jean married Margaretha GOTTONG in January of the same year and the newlyweds were living with his parents and siblings. Michel’s occupation is the same as it was in 1852 but I still cannot decipher the word. The enumerator for the census was once again Michel SCHERFF and his son Jean SCHERFF signed instead of the head of household.[24]

1858census
1858 Luxembourg Census

On 3 Dec 1861 the home of the SCHERFF-CLEMENS family was still known as Steimetz. Michel was 70 years and 2 months and still working as the town crier, his wife Elisabetha was 68 years and 6 months, his son Peter was 27 years and 6 months and worked as a stone mason (Steinmetzer), and their daughter Catharina was 25 years and 3 months and did not work.[25] Their son Jean, his wife, and their second son (their first died at 7 weeks) had moved out of the family home however the census page found for them indicated they also lived in the house named Steinmetz.[26] Jean SCHERFF was the enumerator of the 1861 census for Born, his father signed this page and the page found for Jean was signed by his wife Margaretha GOTTONG.

1861census
1861 Luxembourg Census

The census taken on 3 Dec 1864 shows two families living in the Steimens house. Michel, Elisabetha, Catharina and her illegitimate son Jean are one family. Son Jean, his wife Margaretha, and their daughter Catharina are the second family.[27] Son Peter was also married with two children. His home was called beim Steimens Pit, meaning “at Peter Steimens’ ” or “at Peter Steimetz’s.”[28] Not only were houses known by the name of a family or their ocupation, a person could also be known by the name of his house or his occupation. So Peter SCHERFF, the grandson of Maria STEIMETZ, was known by his father’s mother’s maiden name Steimetz OR by his occupation which was Steinhauer on the 1864 census or Steinmetz.

1864census
1864 Luxembourg Census

On 2 January 1865, a month after the above census sheet was filled out, Michel died in his home at 0ne o’clock in the morning.[29]

On 3 December 1867 his widow Elisabetha CLEMENS was living in the Steimetz house. She was 75 years old and working as a day laborer. With her in the household were her grandson Jean and her daughter Catharina. Elisabetha, seen as Elise, could not write and her son Jean SCHERFF signed for her.[30]

1867census
1867 Luxembourg Census

The 1867 census was the last before Elisabetha’s death on 17 June 1870 in Born.[31]

Her oldest son Jean and her daughter Catharina continued to be enumerated in the house called Steimetz in 1875[32][33] and 1880[34], [35]. They were listed separately which may indicate the homeplace was large enough for two families to live as two households.

Dependent

What did I learn from this census study? Michel and Elisabetha and their three children Johann, Peter, and Catharina had to be a close-knit family. They lived together in the Steimetz family home even after the children married and started their own families. They depended on each other. Although I haven’t seen the pre-1843 census records, I can imagine Michel’s mother Maria STEIMETZ must have lived with them, or they with her, in the Steimetz home until her death in 1833.

It is my firm belief the Steimetz family home was a multigenerational home for the STEIMETZ and later the SCHERFF families. The family’s welfare was dependent on each member of the family. When Maria was still living she most likely helped care for her grandchildren while her son and daughter-in-law cared for her. This dependence on  family members continued as the next generation joined the family.

The Grandchildren

The three children of Michel and Elisabetha gave them 23 grandchildren – all born in the little village named Born. Michel lived to see the first six although two pre-deceased him. Elisabetha lived to see the first eleven, nine were living when she died.

G.Ch 1: Peter SCHERFF (Johann) born 9 Apr 1859 in Born and died 27 May 1859 in Born.
G.Ch 2: Peter SCHERFF (Johann) born 2 Sep 1860 in Born and died 19 Jan 1863 in Born.
G.Ch 3: Johann (the elder) GORGES (Catharina) born 30 Jan 1862 in Born. He married Barbara BECHTHOLD (1864- ) before 1885.
G.Ch 4: Jacob SCHERFF (Peter) born 24 Dec 1862 in Born and died 14 Nov 1941 in Dudelange. He married Anne LANG (1857-1924) on 5 Feb 1887 in Dudelange.
G.Ch 5: Catharina SCHERFF (Peter) born 26 Feb 1864 in Born.
G.Ch 6: Catharina SCHERFF (Johann) born 13 May 1864 in Born and died 4 Jul 1898 in Born.
G.Ch 7: Dorothea SCHERFF (Peter) born 6 May 1866 in Born and died 17 Jun 1932 in Beaufort.
G.Ch 8: Peter SCHERFF (Johann) born 22 Jul 1866 in Born and died 19 Jul 1875 in Born.
G.Ch 9: Margaretha GORGES (Catharina) born 27 Jul 1868 in Born and 23 Oct 1938 in Osaweiler. She married Johannes “Johann” “Jean” SCHWARTZ (1866-1920) on 24 Aug 1891 in Rosport.
G.Ch 10: Johann SCHERFF (Peter) born 18 Mar 1870 in Born and died 15 Sep 1921 in Born. He married Anna BIERCHEN (1880-1965) on 21 May 1902 Mompach.
G.Ch 11: Maria GORGES (Catharina) born 4 Jun 1870 in Born and 30 Jun 1921 in Born. She married Mathias LEMMER (1878- ) on 30 Dec 1906 in Mompach.
G.Ch 12: Elisabeth GORGES (Catharina) born 11 Oct 1871 in Born and died 6 Sep 1894 in Born.
G.Ch 13: Anna SCHERFF (Peter) born 26 Dec 1871 in Born.
G.Ch 14: Johann SCHERFF (Johann) born 4 Oct 1873 in Born. He married Anna-Elisabeth “Anna” BECHTHOLD (1872- ) on 16 Jan 1899 in Mompach.
G.Ch 15: Anna SCHERFF (Peter) born 25 Feb 1874 in Born
G.Ch 16: Peter GORGES (Catharina) born and died 16 Oct 1874 in Born.
G.Ch 17: Helena GORGES (Catharina) born 5 Jan 1876 in Born.
G.Ch 18: Michel SCHERFF (Peter) born 14 Jul 1877 in Born.
G.Ch 19: Peter GORGES (Catharina) born 16 Apr 1878 in Born and died 25 May 1906 in Born.
G.Ch 20: Mathias GORGES (Catharina) born 9 Mar 1880 in Born.
G.Ch 21: Mathias SCHERFF (Peter) born 25 Apr 1880 in Born and died 7 Jul 1880 in Born.
G.Ch 22: Johann (the younger) GORGES (Catharina) born 24 Jun 1883 in Born.
G.Ch 23: Georges SCHERFF (Peter) born 16 Feb 1886 in Born.

Source citations with links to the birth, death and marriage records of the grandchildren may be requested per email or viewed in my gedcom file.

Defective, Dependent, & Delinquent

I hope you’ve enjoyed how I defected from the theme for it to work for the SCHERFF-CLEMENS family. A theme based on U.S. research records cannot be used when writing about European or other non-U.S. families. Was it a delinquency on my part to twist it around to work for this family who was dependent on each other?

 

 

 

Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, registres paroissiaux, 1601-1948 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Born > Baptêmes 1761-1797, mariages 1761-1797, sépultures 1762-1797 > image 44 of 88. 1792 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32399-4066-61?cc=2037955&wc=STH6-MJQ:1500965969,1500965970 : accessed 10 August 2015).
[2] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Mompach > Naissances 1834-1890 Mariages 1797-1814, 1796-1809, 1799-1830 > image 1082 of 1393. 1796 Baptismal Record (extract) part 1 (right page).  (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-129477-92?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LHS:2047330937 : accessed 13 Apr 2013).
[3] Ibid., Mompach > Naissances 1834-1890 Mariages 1797-1814, 1796-1809, 1799-1830 > image 1083 of 1393. 1796 Baptismal Record (extract) page 2 (left page). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-129723-23?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LHS:2047330937 : accessed 13 Apr 2013).
[4] Ibid., Echternach > Tables décennales 1823-1892 Registres paroissiaux 1779-1797 Naissances 1796-1808 > image 936 of 1446. 1796 Baptismal Record. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11573-69388-66?cc=1709358&wc=9RY9-3TL:129623201,130776701 : accessed 10 August 2015).
[5] Ibid., Rosport > Naissances 1889-1890 Mariages 1797-1890 Décès 1797-1853 > image 1085 of 1410. 1825 Death Record No. 5. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11613-8498-12?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L6L:n1038283664 : accessed 5 April 2010).
[6] Ibid., Rosport > Naissances 1889-1890 Mariages 1797-1890 Décès 1797-1853 > image 1110 of 1410. 1827 Death Record No. 26. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11613-14127-96?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L6L:n1038283664 : accessed 5 Apr 2010).
[7] Ibid., Mompach > Naissances 1834-1890 Mariages 1797-1814, 1796-1809, 1799-1830 > image 1061 of 1393. 1827 Marriage Record No. 2.  (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-134204-2?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LHS:2047330937 : accessed 7 Apr 2010).
[8] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 510 of 1480. 1858 Marriage Record No. 2. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-22567-77?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL:130097801,130138901 : accessed 10 August 2015). Note: The date of birth was found on the tables décennales however the birth record has not been located.
[9] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 510 of 1480. 1858 Marriage Record No. 2. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-22567-77?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL:130097801,130138901 : accessed 10 August 2015). Note: The bride’s maiden name was spelled Gottung.
[10 Ibid., Mompach > Décès 1895-1912 > image 48 of 143. 1901 Death Record No. 17. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32063-14505-75?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-4WT:130097801,129657201 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[11] Ibid., Mompach > Naissances 1799-1834 > image 267 of 272. 1833 Birth Record No. 20. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12332-98522-18?cc=1709358&wc=9RYQ-ZNP:130097801,130378501 : accessed 27 April 2015).
[12] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 536 of 1480. 1862 Marriage Record No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-18912-63?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL:130097801,130138901 : accessed 10 August 2015).
[13] Ibid., Mompach > Décès 1895-1912 > image 137 of 143. 1912 Death Record No. 6. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32063-14169-91?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-4WT:130097801,129657201 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[14] Ibid., Mompach > Naissances 1834-1890 Mariages 1797-1814, 1796-1809, 1799-1830 > image 33 of 1393. 1836 Birth Record No. 26. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-131830-98?cc=1709358&wc=9RYC-C68:130097801,130406101 : accessed 21 Nov 2014).
[15] Ibid., Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 567 of 1480. 1868 Marriage Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-12362-9?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L4B:1262051718 : accessed 02 Apr 2013).
[16] Ibid., Mompach > Décès 1895-1912 > image 111 of 143. 1908 Death Record No. 24. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32063-14001-78?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-4WT:130097801,129657201 : accessed 27 Sep 2014).
[17] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Mompach > 1843 > image 25 of 149. Scherff-Clemens household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32357-12854-38?cc=2037957&wc=M5LT-921:345859501,345863501 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[18] Ibid., Mompach > 1846 > image 26 of 158. Scherff-Clemens household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32355-4055-17?cc=2037957&wc=M5LR-N3Y:345859501,345858602 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[19] Ibid., Mompach > 1847 > image 30 of 153. Scherff-Clemens household No. 29. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32368-15200-50?cc=2037957&wc=M5LY-ZJL:345859501,345864101 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[20] Ibid., Mompach > 1849 > image 13 of 161. Scherff-Clemens household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32358-23246-78?cc=2037957&wc=M5LT-821:345859501,345864801 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[21] Ibid., Mompach > 1851 > image 26 of 163. Scherff-Clemens household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32378-32104-84?cc=2037957&wc=M5GM-K66:345859501,345865601 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[22] Ibid., Mompach > 1852 > image 24 of 176. Scherff-Clemens household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32377-33464-25?cc=2037957&wc=M5L1-Y45:345859501,345865501 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[23] Ibid., Mompach > 1855 > image 8 of 166. Scherff-Clemens household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32378-12281-40?cc=2037957&wc=M5GM-WQQ:345859501,345866501 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[24] Ibid., Mompach > 1858 > image 26 of 165. Scherff-Clemens household No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32379-16496-16?cc=2037957&wc=M5G9-92Y:345859501,345867601 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[25] Ibid., Mompach > 1861 > image 4 of 176. Scherff-Clemens household No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32377-2222-95?cc=2037957&wc=M5LB-DPT:345859501,345867101 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[26] Ibid., Mompach > 1861 > image 10 of 176. Scherff-Gotting household No. 7. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32377-2173-77?cc=2037957&wc=M5LB-DPT:345859501,345867101 : accessed 26 April 2015).
[27] Ibid., Mompach > 1864 > image 157 of 181. Scherff-Clemens household No. 35. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32371-5969-83?cc=2037957&wc=M5LY-Y4M:345859501,345868401 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[28] Ibid., Mompach > 1864 > image 143 of 181. Scherff-Weiland household No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32371-6250-28?cc=2037957&wc=M5LY-Y4M:345859501,345868401 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[29] Luxembourg Civil Records, Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 1339 of 1480. 1865 Death Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-13264-86?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L4B:1262051718 : accessed 05 Apr 2013).
[30] Luxembourg Census, Mompach > 1867 > image 85 of 186. Elizabeth Clemens household no. 10. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32383-28029-48?cc=2037957&wc=M5GQ-HZ4:345859501,345869101 : accessed 24 April 2015).
[31] Luxembourg Civil Records, Mompach > Mariages 1831-1890 Décès 1796-1814, 1799-1830, 1799-1880 > image 1393 of 1480. 1870 Death Record No. 13. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12874-16490-66?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-MNL:130097801,130138901 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[32] Luxembourg Census, Mompach > 1875 > image 79 of 368. Scherff-Gotting household No. 35. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32382-8957-83?cc=2037957&wc=M5G3-N3V:345859501,345870501 : accessed 26 April 2015).
[33] Ibid., Mompach > 1875 > image 59 of 368. Gorges-Scherff household no. 26. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32382-9185-71?cc=2037957&wc=M5G3-N3V:345859501,345870501 : accessed 22 April 2015).
[34] Ibid., Mompach > 1880 > image 55 of 390. Scherff-Gotting household No. 24. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32391-17381-30?cc=2037957&wc=M5G3-DP5:345859501,345872201 : accessed 9 August 2015).
[35] 19. Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Mompach > 1880 > image 93 of 390. Gorges-Scherff household no. 43. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32391-17202-76?cc=2037957&wc=M5G3-DP5:345859501,345872201 : accessed 22 April 2015).

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Michel SCHERFF
Parents: Joannes SCHERFF and Maria STEIMETZ
Spouse: Elisabetha CLEMENS
Parents of spouse: Joannes CLEMENS and Susanna WEBER
Whereabouts: Born, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s 3rd great-grandfather

1. Michel SCHERFF
2. Catharina SCHERFF
3. Margaretha GORGES
4. Catharina “Catherine” “Ketty” “Ged” SCHWARTZ
5. Marcel Mathias MEDER
6. Cathy’s husband

© 2015 copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

52ancestors-2015This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge:
52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.