52 Ancestors: #44 Jacob LESTER 1812-1842

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #44 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#44 Jacob LESTER 1812-1842

Jacob Hiley LESTER or Jacob LESTER? Strange how for years you accept a person’s name without wondering where it came from.

Marguerite Tise in her book The Lester Family of Floyd and Montgomery County Virginia refers to my 4th great-grandfather as Jacob LESTER – without a middle name or initial.

Jerry Curtis Lester, who thinks of Marguerite as the “Queen of Lester Genealogy,” wrote:

“Remarkable, Marguerite did not use a computer to produce the manuscript of her book. She did it on a typewriter! And, she included the most complete index I have ever seen! Every person mentioned in the text is in the index with all the page numbers where the person is mentioned. At least, I’ve not found any exceptions. I’ve seen no “typos” or misspelled words or inconsistent formatting, and the formatting is very systematic with numbering, letters and indenting to delineate the various generations. I’m blown away by what she was able to do in her late 80’s. Her mind was so good.”1

Door16Jacob’s Parents and Siblings

Jacob’s parents were born during the American Revolutionary War (19 April 1775-14 January 1784). His father, John LESTER Jr. (1776-1851) was born on 7 March 1776 in Montgomery County, Virginia.2 This was the year that Fincastle County became extinct as it was divided to form Montgomery, Washington, and Kentucky (now the state of Kentucky) counties. His mother, Mary Ann “Polly” TERRY (1781-1862) was born on 3 February 1781, also in Montgomery County.3

On 30 September 1802 John LESTER Jr. was granted 190 acres “on Cockpitt branch waters of Brush Creek and some of the waters of Little River a branch of New River in Montgomery County.”4

1802marriage
05 Oct 1802 Lester-Terry Marriage record 007579015_00333 [received 3 Nov 2014 per email from FamilySearch’s “Request Photo Duplication” service]
John and Polly married a few days later, on 5 October 1802 in Montgomery County.5 They lived near his parents for the first 18 years of their marriage. “In 1820 John bought the large home tract of Charles Simmons and moved to present Floyd County. He lived about six miles north of the present town of Floyd. The house stood some distance behind the white frame house of George Simmons which was built years later and is now seen on the hill on present Route 8. Lester Cemetery #5 was on his place. It has since been destroyed.”6

In the late summer of 1997, Jerry Lester and Marguerite Tise made a trip around the Little River area. Jerry wrote, “I spent most of a day with Marguerite driving around Floyd Co., Va., at her direction while she pointed out family sites of interest to me (and her). I used my notebook computer with map software and GPS connection to record on the map the places of interest.”7 Jerry made voice recordings of this trip down memory lane with Marguerite Tise. [27 October 2022: The webpage they were stored at was crawled by the Wayback Machine but did not include the links to the recordings.]

map
NW of Floyd, Floyd County, Virginia. Courtesy of Jerry Curtis Lester, used with permission.

John and Polly were the parents of nine children, all born in Montgomery County as Floyd County would not be formed until 1831:8

◉ Child 1: Hulen “Hugh” LESTER (1803-1880) was born about 1803. Hulen married(1) Margaret SNYDER ( -1847) on 20 February 1823 in Montgomery County. They were the parents of 6 children. He married(2) Mary _____ (1814-1870) before 1847 in Shelby County, Indiana. They were the parents of 3 children. Hulen died in 1880 in Shelby County, Indiana.

◉ Child 2: Matilda LESTER (1805-1826) was born about 1805. Matilda married Archelaus WEDDLE (1799-1870) on 23 September 1825 in Montgomery County. She died bet. 1826 and 1829 in Virginia. John LESTER Jr. left a bequest of $100 to his granddaughter, Julia Ann WEDDLE, daughter of Matilda. It is believed that she was the only child of this marriage.

◉ Child 3: Malinda LESTER (1807-1890) was born about 1807. Malinda married Riley BOOTHE (1801-1878) on 26 May 1831 in Floyd County (marriage bond). They were the parents of 3 children, one died young. She died bet. 1890 and 1900 in Floyd County.

◉ Child 4: John LESTER (1808-1852) was born on 1 November 1808. John married Mary GARDNER (1812-1881) on 30 November 1832 in Montgomery County. They were the parents of 10 children. He died on 1 April 1852 in Floyd County, Virginia.

◉ Child 5: Amos Terry LESTER (1810-1890) was born on 30 November 1810. Amos married his first cousin Susannah Jane LESTER (1814-1888) on 19 March 1835 in Floyd County. They were the parents of 10 children. He died on 14 February 1890 in Brown County, Indiana.

◉ Child 6: Jacob LESTER was born about 1812. More about this child below.

◉ Child 7: Bird LESTER (1815-1864) was born in 1815. Bird married(1) Matilda SIMMONS (1820-1858) on 16 December 1835 in Floyd County. They were the parents of 8 children. He married(2) Rowena Mahulda LAMBERT (1818-?) on 6 July 1858 in Wyoming County, (West) Virginia. They had no known children. Bird died about 1864 in West Virginia.

◉ Child 8: William Terry LESTER(1818-1890) born 18 Jan 1818. William married Mary Amanda “Polly” SIMMONS (1824-1887) on 2 March 1840 in Floyd County. They were the parents of 9 children. William died on 4 March 1890 in Floyd County, two days after his 50th wedding anniversary.

◉ Child 9: Catherine Jane LESTER (1823-1902) was born on 13 March 1823. Catherine married James BOOTHE (1820-1863) on 10 October 1842 in Floyd County. They were the parents of 10 children. By 1863 four of these children were dead. James became deranged and shot himself. At the inquisition, Bird LESTER, Catherine’s brother, and Hulin BOOTHE, his 10-year-old son, testified. Catherine died on 30 January 1902.

In 1831, when Floyd County was formed, John LESTER was appointed a Justice of the Peace by the Governor of Virginia making him a member of the first Floyd County Court. He served the community in that capacity until his death. He also served as Sheriff of Floyd County from 1844 to 1845. He was a prominent and influential citizen, a successful farmer, a large landowner, and a slave owner.9

Courtship and Marriage

If you take another look at the map above you’ll see that John LESTER’s neighbor was the Rev. Owen SUMNER. Living in such close proximity, their children must have known each other growing up after John moved to the area. Owen’s oldest daughter Cynthia caught the attention of John’s son Jacob. We don’t know how long they courted but by the time Cynthia was 19 and Jacob was 22, they were united in marriage by Jesse Jones. The marriage bond was taken out in Floyd County on 18 August 1834 and the marriage took place on 4 September 1834 in Floyd County. Cynthia SUMNER’s name was spelled “Sintha” on the marriage register and “Senthy” on the bond.10,11

A year and a half after Jacob married he was a witness to a land transaction. On 9 May 1836, his first cousin Champ LESTER bought land from George and Nancy REED. Although others named on the deed have middle initials his name is seen as Jacob LESTER.12

At about the same time, Jacob and Cynthia had their first child Emaline LESTER (1836-1877) born about 1836 in Floyd County. About a year later their son George Washington LESTER (1837- ) was born, also in Floyd County.

Once again in 1840 when the census was enumerated we see only Jacob’s first and last name listed – no middle initial.

1840censuslester
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Floyd (ancestry.com)

1840 U.S. Federal Census13
Floyd County, Virginia
Page No. 181
Jacob Lester
1 male under 5 yo (George W.)
1 male 20 & under 30 yo (Jacob)
1 female under 5 yo (Emaline)
1 female 20 & under 30 yo (Cynthia)
4 persons in household
1 person engaged in agriculture

A Short Life Ends

Jacob LESTER died about 1842 in Floyd County, Virginia. His widow remarried in June of 1843.14

“Jacob Lester died about the age of 30, cause of death unknown. John Lester III* was appointed administrator of the estate in Feb. 1844. The appraisers, Isaac Moore, Riley Boothe, Topal O. Watkins, reported their appraisal of the estate as $106.12 1/2. The sale was held on March 8, 1844, which amounted to $105.75. There was a delay of two years in settling the estate of Jacob Lester, and his wife had remarried in the meantime. The reason for the delay is not known.” 15

As noted the inventory and bill of sale of the estate were dated 8 March 1844.16,17 The current account was not settled until 22 October 1850.18

*After John LESTER Jr.’s father passed away in 1825 he was known as John LESTER Sr. in the census and his son John was given the suffix Jr. To avoid confusion, John LESTER Jr., father of my Jacob, has been named John LESTER II by earlier researchers. His father was John LESTER I and his son was John LESTER III.

Jacob’s father, John LESTER Jr. (aka John LESTER II) died on 21 September 1851 in Floyd County, Virginia.

“His will, dated April 19, 1851, probated October 16, 1851, names his wife Mary and his nine children. He appointed his sons John III and William T. as executors of his estate. John III died suddenly seven months after his father’s death and the administration of the estate passed through several hands. The estate was not properly settled and much of it was dissipated. In 1890, years after John’s death, some of the heirs brought suit to gain possession of their inheritance. Nearly all of the principals had died by that time but eventually a satisfactory settlement was reached. The suit furnished some previously unknown information about the family.”19

The will of John LESTER dated 19 April 1851 and proved 16 October 1851 names wife Mary; children Malinda Booth, Katherine Booth, Hewline, John, Amos, Bird, and William; grandchildren, George Washington and Emaline Lester (children of a deceased son, Jacob); four sons and two daughters of his son Hewline and his first wife, Margaret, are mentioned but not by name; Juliann Weddle (daughter of his deceased daughter Matilda); and Noah L. Lester, a bound boy.20

Was Noah a son of Jacob?

John LESTER names Noah L. LESTER in his will as a bound boy and doesn’t indicate a relationship.

This will brings up the question: Who was Noah L. LESTER? Some people believe that he was a son of Jacob as he is seen in the 1850 census listing of John LESTER along with Jacob’s son George. This was after Jacob’s death. His widow had remarried and was seen in 1850 with her 2nd husband John W. COX, their 4-year-old daughter Susan COX, and Cynthia’s daughter Emaline from her marriage to Jacob LESTER.

In the 1840 census, Jacob had only one son listed in his household. His father John had a young male in his home in 1840 who could have been Noah who was born in about 1834. Marguerite Tise did not mention Noah LESTER in her book. John’s wife Polly, who had her last child at age 43, could not have been the mother of Noah as he was born when she was 53 years old. Polly was living with her son William T. LESTER, one of the executors of John’s estate in 1860. Polly died on 14 February 1862 in Floyd County. By 1860 Noah was married with 4 children. Noah and his family have not been located after the 1860 census.

Further digging brought to light the permission slip for Noah to marry Mary H. BOLLING in 1853. Being under 21, he was not of age to marry. His mother Catherine TOLBERT signed the slip.  Catherine SHEW married Alexander TOLBERT in 1838. She signed her own permission slip. It is not noted if she was single or a widow. In all likelihood, her son Noah S. took the LESTER surname when he was bound to John LESTER.

Jacob’s Name

We still have the unresolved problem of Jacob’s middle name. His son George’s 1855 marriage record to Amanda ROOP includes his name as Jacob LESTER.21 When his daughter Emaline married Gordon H. ROOP in 1856 her father was listed as Jacob LESTER by her grandfather Owen SUMNER who performed the marriage.22

So where does the middle name Hiley come from? Do you remember when you first began doing your family history? Everything and anything was added to your family tree. And, let’s be honest, back then when we were new to genealogy we believed everything that we found on Ancestry.

FDCJacobThe death date on this should set off all kinds of warning bells. How could Jacob have died in 1845 when his estate was appraised in March 1844 and his widow remarried in June 1843? I clicked on Learn more…

FDCinfoThe Family Data Collection was compiled for genetic research and did not require the same type of documentation as traditional genealogical research. The information came from “birth, marriage and death records; obituaries; probate records; books of remembrance; family histories; genealogies; family group sheets; pedigree charts; and other sources.”

A family group sheet or other compilation was submitted on the Jacob LESTER family and included the middle name, Hiley. As long as a primary source for his middle name is missing, I will consider it speculation. If anyone reading this knows of a document (entry in a family Bible, official record, etc.) that lists Hiley as the middle name of my 4th great-grandfather Jacob LESTER, I would appreciate hearing from you.

UPDATE 29 October 2022: The Personal Property Tax Lists for Floyd County, Virginia for 1831 to 1850 were viewed. Jacob LESTER was found on the PPT lists from 1835 to 1841. In 1842 he was seen as Jacob Lester Reps. A Hiley LESTER was found on the 1842 to 1846 lists. This overlaps the period when Jacob died (abt. 1842) and when his estate was settled (1844-1845).23

This Post was Updated on 30 October 2022Missing source citations were added, images were scaled, and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 20142022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. Jerry Lester, 28 Jan 2005, a webpage dedicated to Marguerite Tise (1913-2002) and her book The Lester Family of Floyd County and Montgomery County Virginia.  (https://web.archive.org/web/20210211234555/http://jerrylester.com/Tise%20Introduction/ : accessed 25 October  2022). Several links on the page are broken. 
  2. Marguerite Tise, comp., The Lester Family of Floyd and Montgomery County Virginia,  second (revised) printing 1997 (Copyright 1996 Marguerite Tise, P.O. Box 343, Floyd, VA 24091-0343). The book is available here: https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/193107-redirection : accessed 29 October 2022. 
  3. Ibid. 
  4. “Land Office/Northern Neck Patents & Grants” (index and images from microfilm), Library of Virginia Archives (https://lva-virginia.libguides.com/land-grants), citing Virginia State Land Office, the collection is housed in the Archives at the Library of Virginia, Land Office Grants No. 51, 1802-1803, p. 113 (Reel 117), Land grant 30 September 1802, John Luster Jr. grantee, 190 acres on Cockpitt branch waters of Brush Creek and some of the waters of Little River a branch of New River (Montgomery County). (https://lva.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01LVA_INST/altrmk/alma990007873230205756 : accessed 25 October 2022). 
  5. “Marriage bonds, 1773-1857,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Montgomery County Courthouse in Christiansburg, Virginia, Film 2047124, DGS 7740794, Marriage bonds, 1796-1803, images 818+819 of 968, John Lester and Josiah Terry went bond on 5 Oct 1802 for the marriage of John Lester and Polly Terry. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C91D-33K9-Y?i=818&cc=2134304&cat=1135007 : accessed 29 October 2022). 
  6. Tise, page 11. 
  7. See Note 1, supra. 
  8. Information on the children of John and Polly was taken from Tise’s The Lester Family of Floyd and Montgomery County Virginia. I am in the process of searching for and evaluating the documentation to support her work. This will include census, marriage, and death records. 
  9. See Note 6, supra. 
  10. Rena Worthen & Barbara Reininger (co-project), “Index to Marriages of Floyd County, Virginia 1831-1940 (and few others too),” index and images, part of the Floyd County, Virginia, The USGenWeb Project (https://sites.rootsweb.com/~vafloyd/floyd.htm), citing the images of Floyd Co., VA marriages downloaded by Rena Worthen from the Library of Virginia Microform indexed by Barbara Reininger, FCVA1834_zMR1. 1834, Jacob Lester and Sintha Sumner marriage record. (http://sites.rootsweb.com/~vafloyd/1_Marriages%20of%20Floyd%20County.htm : accessed 2 March 2020). 
  11. Ibid., FCVA1834_LesterSumnerBond, 1834 Jacob Lester and Sintha Sumner bond. (http://sites.rootsweb.com/~vafloyd/1_Marriages%20of%20Floyd%20County.htm : accessed 2 March 2020). 
  12. “Deed books, 1831-1900; general indexes, 1831-1980,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/399119?availability=Family%20History%20Library), citing microfilm of original records at the Floyd County Courthouse in Floyd, Virginia, Film 31338, DGS 8572237, Deed books v. A-C 1831-1844, image 226 of 751, Book A page 417, 9 May 1836 George Reed and Nancy his wife to Champain Lester 145 acres. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C373-N9NN-1?i=225&cat=399119 : accessed 27 October 2022). 
  13. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, Roll: 704_555, FHL Film: 0029685, Virginia, Floyd County, page 181 (stamped, double-page spread), line 15, Jacob Lester (accessed 29 October 2014). 
  14. Barbara Reininger, compiler and website owner of “Families of Floyd County, Virginia”, Floyd Co., Virginia Marriages, (https://sites.rootsweb.com/~vafloyd/BarbR_FCVAResearch/zz_marriages.htm), transcribed from images of microfilm records obtained by Rena Worthen from the Library of Virginia, FCVA1843_0003; FCVA1843_0026. Register: 2. Page: 11. “John W. Cox (2) m. Cynthia Lester 06-01-1843 Floyd Co., VA by Michael Howry. She d/o Owen Sumner per bond and marriage return.” 
  15. Tise, page 20. 
  16. “Virginia, Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983,” (index and images), Ancestry, citing original data of Virginia County, District, and Probate Courts, Floyd County, Will Books, Vol A-B, 1831-1854, Will Book A, page 246, 8 Mar 1844 appraisal of the estate of Jacob Lester (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/9085/images/007644621_00139 : accessed 23 October 2022). 
  17. Ibid., Floyd County, Will Books, Vol A-B, 1831-1854, Will Book A, page 247-248, 8 Mar 1844 bill of sale of the estate of Jacob Lester (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/9085/images/007644621_00140 : accessed 23 October 2022). 
  18. Ibid., Floyd County, Will Books, Vol A-B, 1831-1854, Will Book B, page 186, 22 Oct 1850 current account of the estate of Jacob Lester (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/9085/images/007645229_00474 : accessed 27 October 2022). 
  19. See Note 6, supra. 
  20. “Virginia, Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983,” Floyd County, Will Books, Vol A-B, 1831-1854, Book B, page 242-243, 19 Apr 1851 Will of John Lester proved 16 Oct 1851.  (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/9085/images/007645229_00502 : accessed 27 October 2022). 
  21.   Worthen & Reininger, “Index to Marriages of Floyd County, Virginia 1831-1940 (and few others too),” 1855 George W. Lester and Amanda Roop marriage. (http://sites.rootsweb.com/~vafloyd/Mar%20FCVA1855/FCVA1855LesterRoopMar%20Light.jpg : accessed 2 March 2020). 
  22. Ibid., Marriage License of Gordon Roop age 18 and Emeline Lester age 20 married 10 Mar 1856. (http://sites.rootsweb.com/~vafloyd/Mar%20FCVA1856/FCVA1856RoopLester.jpg : accessed 2 March 2020). 
  23. Virginia Commissioner of the Revenue (Floyd County), “Personal property tax lists, 1831-1850,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch Microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, Film # 008249437, image 220 of 533, 1842 list, page 14, line 25, Jacob Lester Reps (s superscript), 0001 and line 19, Hiley Lester, 1001. [See images 83 (1835), 103 (1836), 122 (1837), 142 (1838), 158 (1839), 176 (1840),  and 193 (1841) for Jacob’s other listings. See images 251 (1843), 285 (1844), 319 (1845), and 355 (1846) for Hiley Lester’s listings.] (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSPG-G3CQ-Q?cat=776059 : accessed 30 October 2022). 

52 Ancestors: #35 Margaret KINCAID abt. 1794-abt. 1865

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #35 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#35 Margaret KINCAID abt. 1794-abt. 1865

Margaret KINCAID was my four times great-grandmother. Although many family researchers have her nicknamed Peggy, I haven’t seen any document with this name and cannot bring myself to refer to her as “Peggy.” Margaret was the daughter of John KINCAID (1760-1834) and Elizabeth GILLESPIE (1760-1829). Her parents were both born the year George III became the King of England.

John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE married on 11 February 1782 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia by John ALDERSON.1,2 This was towards the end of the American Revolutionary War (19 April 1775-14 January 1784) and in the middle of the little over one year that John served his country: 6 or 7 months from February 1781, 3 months from September 1782, and 3 months in the summer of 1783.3

Court Records Prove A Lot of the Children, In-Laws, and Outlaws

While visiting West Virginia in June 2007, Linda Crowder Perdue found the “micro film for the Kanawha County Court Records in which the case against John Kincaid and Matthew Kincaid for burning down the bridge across the Gauley River in July 1826 is recorded.”4,5

At a Court held for Kanawha County at the court house thereof on Monday the 24th day of July 1826 for the examination of Matthew Kincaid and John Kincaid who have charged with having on the 11th of July 1826 feloniously burned the bridge across the Gauley River.

This wonderful find included the names of witnesses called for the defendants, Margaret’s brother Matthew and her father John, and for the Commonwealth. The persons listed, as Sarah Kincaid so aptly wrote, prove some relationships in the KINCAID family including in-laws and outlaws.6

Update as of 1 January 2020: Since this post was written five years ago, the content from the old archives of Rootsweb’s mailing lists has been imported into new archives. The links (now in the footnotes) to the Kincaid Mailing List (kincaid@rootsweb.com) for the posts made by Linda Perdue and Sarah Kincaid have been updated (once again in August 2022 as the links had again changed). Thank you to my cousin/reader for bringing the broken links to my attention.

Who Were Margaret’s Siblings?

I needed help with this question. Who better to ask than Linda who found the court records? I had one or two persons who were not correct and a couple of siblings were missing. At the present time, with the research that has been done so far, this is, I believe, a reliable list even though I question the estimated birth of son Samuel.

John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE were the parents of the following children, all born in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia:

◉ Sarah “Sallie” KINCAID (1783- ) was born about 1782
◉ Hannah KINCAID (1783- ) was born about 1783
◉ Matthew KINCAID (1785-1857) was born about 1785
◉ Samuel KINCAID (1787- ) was born between 1787-1791 [or about 1802??]
◉ James Gillespie KINCAID (1792-1852) was born on 19 December 17927
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID (1793-1850) was born on 2 December 17938
◉ Margaret KINCAID (1793-1865) was born about 1794
◉ Virginia “Jane” KINCAID (1795-1870) was born about 1795
◉ Nancy KINCAID (1801-aft 1880) was born about 1801
◉ Magdaline “Lina” KINCAID (1806-1876) was born on 7 March 18069
◉ Lanty KINCAID (1806- ) was born on 7 March 1806

Marriages of Margaret’s Siblings

In 1798 when Margaret was about four years old her two oldest sisters married, Sarah in October and Hannah in December. They appear to have been very close in age but not yet of age as their father signed permission slips for both. It is not known if they were twins like Lina and Lanty.

◉ Sarah “Sallie” KINCAID married Thomas Alexander TERRY ( -1839) on 23 October 1798 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia10,11
◉ Hannah KINCAID married James M. WALKER on 13 December 1798 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia12,13
◉ Matthew KINCAID married Mary “Polly” MURDOCK (1788-1839) on 2 June 1807 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia14
◉ Samuel KINCAID married Elizabeth “Betsy” WALKER ( – ) on 26 Apr 1809?? This marriage has not been proven.15
◉ Margaret KINCAID married James INGRAM on 24 October  1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia16
◉ James Gillespie KINCAID married Mary “Molly” Magdalene TRITT (1792-1869) on 17 December 1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. No marriage record was found.17
◉ Virginia “Jane” KINCAID married William “Moccasin Bill” KINCAID (1787-1870) on 22 November 1810 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia18
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID married(1) Samuel LINEGAR (1789- ) about 1810. No marriage record was found.
◉ Magdaline “Lina” KINCAID married Reuben WYATT (1796-1853) on 25 June 1823 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia19
◉ Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID married(2) Squire James STURGEON (1785- ) before 1823. No marriage record was found.
◉ Nancy KINCAID married Thomas HUGHES (1778-1853) on 24 February 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia20
◉ Lanty KINCAID married Nancy FLANAGAN (1802- ) on 25 December 1827 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia21

Margaret’s Life With/Without James INGRAM

As noted above, Margaret KINCAID married James INGRAM on 24 October 1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. She was only 15 at the time of her marriage (1850 age 56) and James, her groom, was more than twice her age, about 35 years old (1860 age 86).

In 1810 when the census was taken Margaret and James were most likely in their own household and not yet parents. Greenbrier is one of the counties that were “lost.” We see James INGRAM as head of household in 1820, 1830, and 1840 censuses with tick marks for his wife Margaret and children:20,21,22

1820censusingram
1820 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Greenbrier [ancestry.com]. Listing: 3 males under 10 yo (James Jr., Joshua, Robert), 1 male over 45 yo (James), 1 female under 10 yo (unknown daughter), 1 female over 45 yo (Margaret, her age would be ca. 26 per 1850 census), 1 person engaged in agriculture, 6 persons in household.

1830censusingram
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Kanawha [ancestry.com]. Listing: 1 male under 5 (Matthew), 1 male 5-10 (John), 2 males 10-15 (Joshua & Robert), 1 male 15-20 (James Jr.), 1 male 50-60 (James), 1 female under 5 (Cynthia), and 1 female 40-50 (Margaret), 8 persons in household.

1840censusingram
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayett [ancestry.com]. Listing: 2 males 10-15 (Matthew & John), 1 male 15-20 (Robert), 1 male 60-70 (James), 1 female 5-10 (Ruth), 1 female 10-15 (Cynthia), 1 female 50-60 (Margaret), 7 persons in household, 2 engaged in agriculture.

Margaret’s Children

◉ Ch 1: James INGRAM (1811-1835) was born about 1811 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia, and died before April 1835 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. He did not marry or have children.23
◉ Ch 2: Joshua INGRAM (1813-1860) was born about 1813 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Joshua married Mahala C. STEELE (1823-1888) bet. 1841-1845 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. They were the parents of six children. Joshua died between 1860-1862. His widow remarried and applied for a Mexican War Pension after the death of her second husband.24
◉ Ch 3: _____ (daughter) INGRAM was born between 1811-1820 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. This child was not with the family in 1830.
◉ Ch 4: Robert INGRAM (1819-1902) was born about 1819 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Robert married Huldah JOHNSON (1817-1880) about 1841 in Fayette County (West) Virginia. They were the parents of seven children. He died about 1902 in Fayette County at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID, son of Margaret’s brother James Gillespie KINCAID.25
◉ Ch 5: John INGRAM (1820-1870) was born about 1820 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. John married(1) Lucy Jane SKAGGS (1824-1853) on 13 February 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia26; married(2) Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia27; and married(3) Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County, West Virginia.28 John had a son with his first wife and a daughter and a son with his second wife. He died after 1870 and was buried near his home on the Poca according to family tradition.
◉ Ch 6: Matthew INGRAM (1824-1900) was born on 9 January 1824 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia.29 Matthew married Sarah Francis MARTIN (1834-1906) on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio.30 They were the parents of ten children. He died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville, Kanawha County, West Virginia, and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk District in Kanawha County.31,32
◉ Ch 7: Cynthia INGRAM (1828-1910) was born on 25 March 1828 in (West) Virginia.33 Cynthia married John B. “Johnny” TINCHER (1815-1890) on 23 March 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia.34 They were the parents of six children. She died on 3 May 1910 and was buried in Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia.35
◉ Ch 8: Ruth INGRAM (1832-1880) was born about 1832 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. Ruth married John Johnson DARLINGTON (1826-1900) on 9 January 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia.36 They were the parents of a dozen children. She died between 1880-1900.

Other Events in the Life of Margaret

In 1826 while Margaret was raising her family, her husband James INGRAM was one of the persons who had to make a personal appearance to give evidence at the trial of his father-in-law John KINCAID and his brother-in-law Matthew KINCAID. They were on trial for the 11 July 1826 burning of the first bridge built across the Gauley River.37,38,39,40,41,42

Following the trial, Margaret’s sister Hannah and her husband James WALKER moved from Kanawha County in (West) Virginia to Darke County, Ohio. The move must have been soon after Hannah was a witness for the trial and before 1830. In a biographical sketch of their son-in-law Samuel LITTON we see that the WALKERs, Hannah and James, moved to Adams County, Indiana, in 1850 where they died in 1871.43 I read the article several times to be sure the author was referring to Hannah and James and not to their daughter Margaret and her husband Samuel LINTON as  I have not been able to prove Hannah and James were living in 1850.

Margaret’s mother Elizabeth GILLESPIE died in 1829 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia.44

Margaret’s youngest brother Lanty KINCAID, who was last seen in a land deed dated 1832, disappeared around this time.45 The search for him has been hampered by another Lanty KINCAID of approximately the same age who lived in Greenbrier and Fayette counties. This second Lanty left a few more records that prove that he was the son of Lancelot “Lanty” KINCAID and Catherine SCOTT.

Margaret’s father John KINCAID applied for a Revolutionary War pension. He appeared in the court of Fayette County on 15 February 1834 to give his statement about the service rendered.46 His death is not mentioned in the pension papers and is estimated at after 15 February 1834.

Margaret’s sister Elizabeth STURGEON was most likely the first of her siblings to pass away about 1850.47 This is assuming their youngest brother Lanty did not die between 1832-1850.

In 1850 Margaret had her own household while her husband James INGRAM was living in the household of John TINCHER who would become his son-in-law in less than a year.48,49

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > HH #462-462 [ancestry.com]
In the 1850s Margaret lost two brothers and a sister. James Gillespie KINCAID died bef 10 June 1852 in Kincaid, Fayette County, (West) Virginia.50 Matthew KINCAID died after 1857, possibly in Missouri. Sarah TERRY died between 1850 and 1860.51

In 1860 Margaret was not found in the census. Her children were married and had their own households. Her husband James INGRAM was listed alone in a household.52 There are two family traditions concerning the deaths of Margaret and James. One is that James moved to Sissonville to live with their son Matthew after Margaret died. The other is that James died first and Margaret lived with her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. until her death several years later. The year 1865 seems to be the pivot point as Margaret’s husband James is said to have died in the fall of 1865.

Margaret’s surviving siblings were Virginia “Jane” KINCAID53 and Magdaline “Lina” WYATT54 died after the 1870 census while Nancy HUGHES55 died after the 1880 census. Her brothers Samuel and Lanty KINCAID, whose whereabouts remain a mystery (for now), may have also survived her.

This Post was Updated on 28 August 2022Missing source citations were added, images were scaled, and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 32, Greenbrier County Minister Returns, page 71, entry 4, 11 Feb 1782, John Kincaid and Eliza Gillaspy married by John Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00032.jpg : accessed 24 March 2020). 
  2. The bride’s name was written Eliza Gillaspy on her marriage record. The middle name Hannah appears to have been added by someone in their tree and copied by others. I have found no record of her being named Elizabeth Hannah Gillespie (or Gillaspy). 
  3. “U.S. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files, 1800-1900” (index and images), Ancestry.com, citing original data: Records of the Dept. of Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15. National Archives, Washington, D.C.(NARA microfilm publication M804, 2,670 rolls), Roll M804_1485, Surname Range: Kimmer, Nicholas – Kiney, James, images 467 thru 501 of 1150, John Kincaid, pension file number S 19367 (accessed 6 October 2011). 
  4. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, RootsWeb (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid), [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774008 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  5. Ibid., [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning–Part 2 by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774018 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  6. Ibid., Re: [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Sarah Kincaid dated 11 November 2007. (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4773999 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  7. Transcribed from the Gillespie Bible. On the back inside cover is written: “James Gillespie Jr. His book. July 20, 1760 Cow Pasture.” The dates of birth of Elizabeth Gillespie, Elizabeth Kincaid, and the twins were included between the covers. 
  8. Ibid. 
  9. Ibid. 
  10. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 62, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 143, entry 27, 23 Oct 1798, Thomas Terry and Sarah Kincaid, married by Josiah Osbourn. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00062.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  11. The original marriage bond and consent are held by the Greenbrier Historical Society. “Sir Please grant Thomas Terry marriage licience to marry my dauter Sarrah Kinciad and in so doing you will oblige ……….. friend. John Kincaid and Elizabeth Kincaid. Test: George Kincaid and Archibald Campbell” 
  12. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 68, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 160, entry 9, 13 Dec 1798, James Walker and Hanna Kincaid, married by Jno Alderson. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00068.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  13. Greenbrier Historical Society. “December the 7 day of 1798 Sir
    please to grant marrage lisons to James Walker and my dauter Hannah
    Kincaid and in so doing you will much oblidge your friends. John Kincaid Elizabeth Kincaid Test George Kincaid Tho. Terry. This certificate sworn to by George Kincaid A Hamilton. Col John Stuart” 
  14. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 1710518, image 1138, 2 Jun 1807 Matthew Kincade and John Murdock went bond for the marriage of Matthew Kincade and Polly Murdock in Monroe County. (http://images.wvculture.org/1710518/01138.jpg : accessed 25 August 2022). 
  15. 1809 marriage not proven. I have a problem with this one as I found a marriage for a couple with the same names in Kanawha County on 26 September 1826. This could be a match with Samuel Kincaid b. abt. 1802 who is seen in the 1850 census in Fayette County with two children Mary and Alex. Is there a document that proves that Samuel who married Elizabeth Walker was the son of John and Elizabeth? 
  16. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 31, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 64, entry 16, Jas. Ingram and Margaret Kincaid, married by Josiah Osburn. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00031.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  17. No marriage record was found in Greenbrier or Monroe. There are discrepancies in facts and locations; material found may be based on tradition and “facts” related by family members. 
  18. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 33, Greenbrier County Minister’s Returns, page 72, lin 22, 22 November 1810, William Kincaid and Jane Kincaid, married by X. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00033.jpg : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  19. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 495643, image 130, Re-Index and Copy of Marriage Record No. 1 Nicholas County, line 4, 25 Jun 1823 Ruben Wiatt and Magdelina Kincade, married by Isaac Reynolds. (http://images.wvculture.org/495643/00130.jpg : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  20. 1820 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7734/), citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, NARA Roll: M33_132, image: 154, Virginia, Greenbrier County, Lewisburg, page 176 (crossed out, should be 178), line 14, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  21. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Nara Roll M19_191, FHL Film: 0029670, Virginia, Kanawha, page 197 (double-page spread), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  22. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, NARA Roll: M704_555, FHL Film: 0029685, Virginia, Fayette County, page 3 (double-page spread, left side), line 17, James Ingram (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  23. Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, History of Fayette County, West Virginia 1993 (Fayette County Chamber of Commerce, 310 Oyler Avenue, Oak Hill, WV 25901,1993), pg. 21. Personal copy bought 2000. In April of 1835, an election was held in Fayette Co. (including the area that is now Raleigh Co.) to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, James Ingrahm and his son Joshua Ingraham are on the list of voters who voted for Kanawha Falls. James, Jr. could possibly have been deceased at this time. 
  24. “United States Mexican War Pension Index, 1887-1926,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing NARA microfilm publication T317 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.) Lea, Adolphe – Memorank, Ferdinand, v. 9 > image 383 of 4434 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GBCZ-5R1?cc=1979390&wc=M61R-NZ9%3A321930601 : accessed 3 October 2018). 
  25. Luella Arlene Loving Lowther, First Tidbits of Information on Robert Ingram and Huldah Johnson (email correspondence in May 2000). 
  26. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 57, entry 7, 13 Feb 1851, John Ingram and Lucy Jane Skaggs, married by Allen Wood. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  27. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521719, image 379, Registry of Marriage Licenses, Kanawha County, no page number (double-page spread), lin 8, 11 Jul 1860 (license), John Ingraham and Delilah Smith . (http://images.wvculture.org/521719/00379.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  28. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521719, image 511, Register of Marriage Licenses, Kanawha County, and Record of Marriages Returned, page 26 (stamped), line 184, 29 Nov 1869 (license), John Ingram and Mary E. Adkins, 1 Dec 1869 (marriage). (http://images.wvculture.org/521719/00511.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  29. Ibid., Kanawha County, Upper District, Register of Deaths, page 191, line 23, died 12 Jul 1900, Mathew Ingram, born 9 Jan 1824. (http://www.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view2.aspx?FilmNumber=460366&ImageNumber=206 : 27 April 2013). 
  30. “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2016,” database with images, FamilySearch, citing digital images of originals housed at the county courthouses in Ohio, Meigs > Marriage records 1852-1862 vol 2 > image 77 of 271 > page 96 (stamped), entry 1, 20 Aug 1854, Matthew Ingram and Sarah Frances Martin, married by R. Wilkinson, M.G., citing Meigs County, Ohio. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-91QN-R8?cc=1614804&wc=Z51G-DP8%3A121348301%2C121390201 : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  31. See Note 29, supra. 
  32. James Simon Ingram, compiler, History of the Ingram Family, includes family groups sheets and census information sent per email by the compiler to Cathy Meder-Dempsey in May 2001 (prepared in October 1997). Before 1850. 
  33. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584754, image 164, Fayette County Register of Deaths, page 165 (double-page spread), entry 27, 2nd district, Cynthia Tincher, 3 May 1910, age 82 yrs 1 month 8 days, died in Page. (http://images.wvculture.org/584754/00164.jpg : accessed 18 August 2022). Note: age at death calculates to a birth date of 25 March 1829. 
  34. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 219, Fayette County Marriages, page 59, entry 2, 23 Mar 1851, John Tincher and Cinthy Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00219.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  35. See Note 3, supra. 
  36. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 218, Fayette County Marriages, page 56, entry 9, 9 Jan 1851, John Johnson Darlington and Ruth Ingram, married by John Johnson. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00218.jpg : accessed 24 April 2022). 
  37. Kanawha County (West Virginia). County Clerk, County Court record book, 1803-1880 (images), FamilySearch (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1967 citing microreproduction of original at the County Courthouse.), Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 54 of 561, page 76-77 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B9C2-J?i=53&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2022). 
  38. Ibid., Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 55 of 561, page 78-79 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B9C3-D?i=54&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2021). 
  39. Ibid., Record book, v. 4 1825-1837, image 56 of 561, page 80-81 (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-B98M-1?i=55&cat=295049 : accessed 1 January 2021). 
  40. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, RootsWeb (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid), A mailing list for the discussion and sharing of information regarding the Kincaid surname and variations in any place and at any time; [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774008 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  41. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning–Part 2 by Linda Perdue dated 9 Nov 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4774018 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  42. [KINCAID] Surname Mailing List, Re: [KINCAID] Gauley River Bridge Burning by Sarah Kincaid dated 11 November 2007 (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=kincaid&thread=4773999 : accessed 18 August 2022). 
  43. Biographical and historical record of Adams and Wells counties, Indiana
    (The Lewis Publishing Company, Chicago 1887), “History of Adams County,” a biographical sketch of Samuel Litton, page 284 (https://archive.org/details/biographicalhistawcty01chic/page/n523/mode/2up?view=theater : accessed 1 September 2014). 
  44. [WVFAYETT] County Mailing List, RootsWeb, (https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=wvfayett), [WVFAYETT] 2001-06-13 Kincaid info posted by Barb Harvey (her source Gertrude Settle Draper)(https://mlarchives.rootsweb.com/listindexes/emails?listname=wvfayett&thread=18960581 : accessed 19 August 2022) 
  45. Greenbrier County (West Virginia) County Clerk, “Deeds (Greenbrier County, West Virginia), 1780-1901” (non-indexed images), FamilySearch, Microfilm of original records at the Greenbrier County Courthouse in Lewisburg, West Virginia, Film 593552, DGS 8589066, Deeds, v. 13-14 1829-1840, Deed Book 13, page 330-331, 24 Dec 1832 Lanty Kincaid and Nancy of Fayette County Virginia to Mathew Kincaid, $1.00, one moiety of an undivided tract of land containing 50a in Greenbrier County on the waters of Lick Creek, bounded … , it being the one undivided moiety of the same tract conveyed to John Kincaid Senr. by Sam’l Withrow and wife by deed bearing date the 28th May 1816 … (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C37T-HT99?i=173&cat=98577 : accessed 26 August 2022). 
  46. See Note 3, supra. 
  47. “U.S., Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index, 1850-1880”, Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/3530/), compiled and digitized by Ron V. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes, Elizabeth Sturgeon, 1850, Fayette County, WV, age 56, female, died in April, state of birth not given, occupation none listed, cause of death fever, ID# 197_321570, index only, no image (accessed 19 August 2022). 
  48. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 366A, household 462-462, lines 4-7, Margaret Ingram (accessed 11 June 2018). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  49. Ibid., Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 362B, household 419-419, lines 10-15, laborer in the John Tincher household (accessed 19 December 2012). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  50. “Court minutes and order books, 1837-1928,” browse-only images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Fayette County, West Virginia courthouse., Film 585503, DGS 8613698, Minute books, v. 3-4 1848-1861, image 106 of 393, page 487, 10 June 1852, entry 5, letters of administration for the estate of James Kincaid granted to John Kincaid. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1GRR?i=105&cat=100698 : accessed 27 August 2022). 
  51. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Roll: M432_943, Virginia, Fayette County, sheet 334A, household 56-56, lines 37-41, Thomas Terry including his mother and sister (accessed 30 August 2014). The official enumeration day of the 1850 census was 1 June 1850. 
  52. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653_1344; Family History Library Film: 805344; Virginia, Fayette County, District 4, sheet 422, page 126, household 937-864, line 33, James Ingrum (accessed 22 August 2014). 
  53. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686; West Virginia, Fayette County, Falls of Kanawha, sheet 105A, page 21, household 138-134, lines 22-30, Sam Kincaid family with his mother Jane (accessed 10 July 2018). The official enumeration day of the 1870 census was 1 June 1870. 
  54. Ibid., Roll: M593_1231; Ohio, Lawrence County, Perry, sheet 450A, household 22-22, lines 33-38, William H. Wyatt family with his mother Magdaline (accessed 28 August 2022). The official enumeration day of the 1870 census was 1 June 1870. 
  55. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll:1409; West Virginia, Nicholas County, Grant, Enumeration District: 103, page 6, sheet 68B, household 48-48, lines 28-32, Thomas Hughes family with his grandmother Nancy Hughes in household (accessed 29 August 2014). The official enumeration day of the 1880 census was 1 June 1880. 

52 Ancestors: #20 Seaton Y. DEMPSEY abt. 1803-bet. 1880-1890

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #20 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

#20 Seaton Y. DEMPSEY abt. 1803-bet. 1880-1890

It is my belief that my third great-grandfather Seaton Y. DEMPSEY’s middle name was Younger after Captain Younger LANDRUM, who served during the American Revolutionary War and may have been Seaton’s mother’s uncle. This is supported by the fact that a great-grandson Edgar Younger DEMPSEY also had this unusual middle name.1 But, until I find proof, he is Seaton Y. DEMPSEY.

Martha “Patsy” LANDRUM (1778-1834) and William DEMPSEY (1779-bef. 1836) were married in 1799 in Amherst County, Virginia.2 Seaton was their second child born abt. 1803 in the same county. He had the following siblings:

Sib 1: Wilson M. DEMPSEY (1802-1883) born abt. 1802; married(1) Evalina Carolyn RHODES ( -1848) on 30 December 1839 in Amherst County, Virginia;3 married(2) Paulina _____ (1815-1881) abt. 1848
Sib 3: Isham Coleman DEMPSEY (1806-1854) born abt. 1806; married Sarah Elvira THOMAS (1809-1879) on 5 March 1827 in Rockbridge County, Virginia4
Sib 4: Wesley G. DEMPSEY (1808-1890) born abt. 1808; married Mary HUGHES (1823-1889) on 6 May 1856 in Rockbridge County, Virginia5
Sib 5: Louisa J. DEMPSEY (1812-1888) born abt. 1812; married Simeon A. BURCH (1790-1870) on 8 October 1840 in Amherst County, Virginia, at the residence of S. Y. DEMPSEY6
Sib 6: Eliza DEMPSEY (1815-aft. 1860) born bet. 1815-1820; married Patrick H. ROWSEY (1814-1858) on 4 February 1843 in Amherst County, Virginia7

Seaton and his family were neighbors of Benjamin SANDIDGE who first exploited Buffalo Springs, the sulphur springs situated in the foothills of northern Amherst County, near Allwood. “In an 1820 tavern bond, Sandidge pledged to provide a wholesome diet, clean lodging and stabling, no unlawful gaming, and no more drinking than was necessary on Sunday.”8

Seaton Y. DEMPSEY and Landon S. GOWING, father of Clementine, went bond on 3 January 1829 for the marriage of Seaton and Clementine.9

1829bond
1829 Marriage Bond (photocopy courtesy of Geraldine Dempsey Workman)

In the Register of Marriages for Amherst County, Virginia, we see that Landon S. GOWING was security and Phillip SMITH Sr. and Robert TINSLEY were witnesses for the marriage of Seaton Y. DEMPSEY and Clementine GOWING on 3 January 1829.10

1829marriage
Register of Marriages, Amherst County, Virginia (LDS Film 30273, pg. 301)

Following his marriage, Seaton was seen with his young wife Clementine and a male aged 10 and under 15 years in the 1830 census.11 This young man was most likely his brother Wesley. Their mother, not their father, was enumerated with her two daughters.12 The 1810 through 1830 census listings and their complications will be discussed when I do Seaton’s parents’ stories.

1830censusdempsey
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Amherst> Sheet 519 (left)
1830censusdempsey2
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Amherst> Sheet 519 (right)

Three children were born between 1830 and 1840: George W. abt. 1831, Geneva Elizabeth abt. 1836, and William S. abt 1839. These children are reflected in the 1840 census.13 Also in Seaton’s household was a young lady 20 and under 30 years old, most likely his sister Louisa who married later in the year at his residence.

1840censusdempsey
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Amherst > Sheet 214 (left)
1840censusdempsey2
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Amherst > Sheet 214 (right)

Seaton’s mother died on 27 September 1834. Her death notice was published in the Lynchburg Virginian along with a request for papers in the state of Ohio to publish the same for the information of Mr. William DEMPSEY who was supposed to be somewhere in that state.14 Apparently, her husband did not see the notice and in June 1836, a year after publication, their son Wilson M. DEMPSEY was made administrator of the estate of William DEMPSEY.15 It took a dozen years to settle the estate. Deeds found by Norma Barnett Dempsey prove that Wilson M., Seaton Y., Isham Coleman, Wesley G., Louisa J., and Eliza were the children of William DEMPSEY and Martha LANDRUM.

In 1842 Seaton sold his interest in the estate of William DEMPSEY dec’d, 1/6th of 330 acres, to John J. Morgan.16 His brother Wilson bought the rest of his siblings’ share, 210 acres, in 1845.17 Wilson had quite a head for business, or profited from his first marriage, while Seaton did not appear to do as well. However, in 1850 we see Seaton, a farmer, with real estate valued at $500 while Wilson had no real estate and was an overseer. It is not known how Wilson disposed of the 275 acres that he had from his father’s estate.

In the 1840s four more children were born to Seaton and Clementine: Thomas G. abt. 1840, John J. abt. 1843, Mary M. abt. 1845, and Martha Ann abt. 1847. They were enumerated with Seaton and Clementine in the 1850 census of Amherst County, Virginia.18

1850censusdempsey
1850 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Amherst > Sheet 76 > HH#40 [ancestry.com : accessed 19 Feb 2013]
Before his last child was born Seaton saw his oldest son George W. marrying Rhoda A. STATON on 20 December 1852 in Amherst County, Virginia.19 The following year Julia Victoria, the baby of the family, was born. Seaton’s second-oldest son William S. married Mary Elenor CLEMENTS on 26 April 1857 in Amherst County, Virginia.20 Seaton’s first grandchild Clementine was born in Amherst County abt. 1857 to his unmarried daughter Geneva Elizabeth.

Sometime following the above events Seaton and his brother Wilson moved their families from Amherst to Fayette County in western Virginia. This was the late 1850s and tension over slavery had begun to disrupt Virginia. Was this the reason they moved farther west or the promise of a better life? They established their homes in the Laurel Creek area. Later the place would be known as Dempsey, a quiet little community situated in a valley just five miles west of Fayetteville, called Laurel Creek by some of the residents from the stream of water that flows through it.

In 1860 Seaton had only $100 of personal estate while his brother Wilson is seen with real estate valued at $1000, personal estate valued at $8000, and 9 slaves.21,22,23 Wilson may have used his personal funds to set up the country store operated by his only son John Edward “Ed”. The store, one of two in the area, was the location of the first post office established in 1865 giving the community its name – Dempsey.

1860censusdempsey
1860 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayette > Fayetteville > HH#687&688

The 1860 census listing is a bit confusing. Seaton is seen with his wife Clementine and in the next household, his oldest son George is with his wife Rhoda, their son Seaton A. and his siblings Thomas G., John J., Mary M., Martha A. and “Juda” V. I believe that George was living on his father’s farm.

Three of Seaton’s sons died during the Civil War or immediately following the war: John J. died on 3 April 1864, William S. between August 1867 and February 1868, and Thomas G. between 1865 and 1870.24,25

There were not only deaths during this decade. Following the war Seaton’s daughters began to marry:

Martha Ann “Matties” married George L. “Little George” JOHNSON (1846-1874) on 20 September 1866 in Fayette County, West Virginia26

Geneva Elizabeth “Jennie” “Janie” married Marshall S. TERRY (1843-1920) bet. 1866-1869 in Virginia27

Mary M. DEMPSEY married Irvin Lewis INGRAM (1846-1910) on 23 May 1867 in Fayette County, West Virginia28

This left only Julia Victoria, age 16, at home with her parents in 1870.29 Seaton had acquired real estate valued at $500 and had $130 in personal property. Also in his household was a man named Joseph Hardy, a farmer with real estate valued at $1500 and personal property valued at $180. Could the enumerator have forgotten to fill in the household number which would have made this man the head of his own household?

1870censusdempsey
1870 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > Fayetteville > Page 39 > HH #257-256 [ancestry.com : accessed 19 Feb 2013]
Seaton’s youngest daughter Julia Victoria married Joseph Henry PRESSON (1850-1934) on 3 June 1872 in Fayette County, West Virginia.30

Seaton, his wife Clementine, their daughter Mary and her husband Irvin INGRAM were on the church rolls of Loop Creek Baptist Church in 1875. The church was located in the Wriston community area on the south bank of Loop Creek at the mouth of Carter’s Branch.  M. Bibb, W. P. Walker, Eli Wood, and Washington McGraw were the brethren of the fourth oldest Baptist church in Fayette County when it was formed. The Loop Creek Baptist Church of Christ was constituted in August 1865 by a presbytery appointed by the Hopewell Baptist Church. The church was organized with a membership of 19. Religious services were held in the homes of the faithful until a church could be built.31

1880censusdempsey
1880 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > ED 27 Sheet HH #

In 1880 Seaton and his wife Clementine were alone, all living children being married and on their own.32 Victoria, as she was usually known, was living next door to her parents. She was with her husband Joseph Henry PRESSON and their children.33 Martha Ann “Matties” was widowed and remarried on 18 July 1880 to Joseph Henry ARBAUGH (1853-1927) in Ansted, Fayette County, West Virginia.34

No death record has been found for Seaton Y. DEMPSEY. I believe that due to the fact that he was not mentioned in the chancery records concerning the estate of his brother Wesley G. DEMPSEY he may have died before 1890.35 There is a possibility that Seaton and/or Clementine were living at the time of the 1900 census but were not enumerated as was the case of their daughters Mary (Irvin INGRAM) and Victoria (Joseph PRESSON).

I am very grateful to Norma Barnett Dempsey who shared all of her DEMPSEY research with me after I first contacted her in April 2000. Not only did she research the DEMPSEYs in Amherst, she also looked into other DEMPSEY families in Virginia and West Virginia in hopes of finding a connection. Norma’s husband descends from Seaton Y. DEMPSEY through his oldest son George W. DEMPSEY and then through three generations of strong DEMPSEY women who passed on the DEMPSEY name to their children.

This Post Was Updated on 15 May 2022Missing source citations were added and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 1983746, image 2071, Certificate of Death 16546, Edgar Younger Dempsey, died 21 Feb 1944, Leevale, Raleigh County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/1983746/0002071.gif : accessed 7 May 2022). 
  2. “Register of marriages, Amherst County, Virginia, 1763-1853” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, Film 30273, DGS 7578824, image 724 of 786, Amherst County Register of Marriages, page 437, 5th entry from bottom of page, Aug 1799, William Dempsey and Patsey Landrum married by James Floyd. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89XF-N8P3?i=723 : accessed 21 Jan 2021). 
  3. Ibid., Film 30273, DGS 7578824, image 647 of 786, Amherst County Register of Marriages, page 359, first entry, 30 Dec 1839, Wilson M. Dempsey and Carolyne Rhoads, father Reuben Rhoads, security or witness Edward Rhoads. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9XF-NZ6Y?i=646 : accessed 26 February 2022). 
  4. “Virginia, Marriages 1740-1850,” (index-only), Ancestry, citing Dodd, Jordan R., et al., Early American Marriages: Virginia to 1850, Precision Indexing Publishers, Bountiful, Utah. Two marriages are listed: 1. Coleman Dempsey and Elvina Thomas married on 5 March 1827 in Rockbridge County, Virginia and 2. Coleman Dempsey and Sarah E. Dempsey married on 6 March 1827 in Rockbridge County, Virginia. I am assuming that it is the same marriage and different dates refer to bond, license, and/or return. 
  5. Rockbridge County (Virginia) County Clerk, Birth records, 1853-1896 and marriage records, 1782-1913; general indexes to marriage & birth registers, 1778-1918, FamilySearch, Film 33799 (Item 3), DGS 7579057, Register of marriages (licenses), 1854-1866 (original), image 235 of 329, 1856 Marriage Licenses, right page, 4th entry, license 14 Apr 1856, Wesley G. Dempsey & Marry Hughes married 6 May 1856 by Rev. J. James Largent.  (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89XF-2BFK?i=234&cat=473852 : accessed 7 May 2022). Note: daughter of Thomas Hughes, deceased, affidavit of A. Entsminger that she is above 21. 
  6. Register of marriages, Amherst County, Virginia, Film 30273, DGS 7578824, image 652 of 786, Amherst County Register of Marriages, page 364, 3rd entry, 8 Oct 1840, Simeon A. Burch and Louis Demsey, brother of Louisa: Seaton Y Dempsey, witnesses: John A. Staton, Clementine Dempsey, and W. S. Saunders. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99XF-NZB1?i=651&cat=680855 : accessed 7 May 2022). 
  7. Ibid., Film 30273, DGS 7578824, image 668 of 786, Amherst County Register of Marriages, page 379, 6th entry, 4 Feb 1843, Patrick H. Rowsey and Eliza Dempsey, Seaton Y Dempsey security. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9XF-NZ8C?i=667&cat=680855 : accessed 7 May 2022). 
  8. Sherrie McLeRoy and William McLeRoy, More Passages: A New History of Amherst County, Virginia, Heritage Books, 1995, page 77. 
  9. Virginia, Amherst County, A collection of loose papers at the Amherst County Courthouse, Marriage Bond dated 3 January 1829 Seaton Y Dempsey and Landon Gowing bound for the marriage of Seaton Y Dempsey and Clementine Gowing, copy of original obtained by Geraldine Dempsey Workman from the Clerk Circuit Court Amherst County before 1997. 
  10. Register of marriages, Amherst County, Virginia, DGS 7578824, Film 30273, image 589 of 786, Amherst County Register of marriages, page 301, entry 2, 1829 Jan 3, Dempsey Seaton Y and Gowing Clementina, security and witnesses: Landon S. Gowing, Philip Smith Sr., Ro. Tinsley. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99XF-N8WJ : accessed 26 February 2022). 
  11. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), <i>Ancestry</i> (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Nara Roll M19_194, FHL Film: 0029673, Virginia, Amherst County, page 519 (double-page spread), line 1, Seaton Y. Dempsey (accessed 19 February 2013). 
  12. Ibid., Virginia, Amherst County, page 506 (double-page spread), line 6, Martha Dempsey (accessed 19 Feb 2013). 
  13. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, Roll: 550, FHL Film: 0029683, Virginia, Amherst County, Page: 214, line 28, Seaton Dempsey (accessed 19 February 2013). 
  14. Virginia Chronicle, a historical archive of Virginia newspapers, providing free access to full-text searching and digitized images of over a million newspaper pages by the Library of Virginia, Lynchburg Virginian, Volume 13, Number 95, 29 June 1835, page 3, column 5. “—–, on the 27th September, 1834, at her residence, Mrs. Martha Dempsey, of Amherst county, Virginia.
    The papers in the State of Ohio are requested to publish the foregoing, for the information of Mr. William Demspey, the husband of the deceased, who is supposed to be somewhere in that State.” (https://virginiachronicle.com/?a=d&d=LV18350629.1.3 : accessed 7 May 2022). 
  15. “Virginia, Wills and Probate Records, 1652-1983,” (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/62347/), citing original data of Virginia County, District, and Probate Courts, Amherst Will Books, Vol 7-9, 1827-1838 > image 545 of 651, page 228, administrator’s bond, Wilson Dempsey and Peter Rucker for the estate of William Dempsey (accessed 19 January 2018). 
  16. Virginia. County Court (Amherst County), “Deed books, 1761-1900; general indexes to deed books, 1761-1903,” (database with images), FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1949; citing microfilm of original records at the Amherst County Courthouse in Amherst, Virginia., Film 30295, DGS 8316258, Deed books, v. Y-Z 1841-1846, image 102 of 623, Deed Book Y, pages 183-184, 16 May 1842, Dempsey to Morgan, 55 acres (1/6 of 330 acres). (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSRY-XQLZ-G?i=101&cat=282807 : accessed 14 May 2022). 
  17. Ibid., Deed books, v. AA-BB 1847-1853, Film 30296, DGS 8571076, image 200 of 623, Deed Book AA, page 368, 20 Jan 1845, Drummond to Dempsey, 210 acres, highest bidder on tract, acknowledged 21 March 1849. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C3Q1-T9QH-P?i=199&cat=282807 : accessed 10 May 2022). 
  18. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: 933, Virginia, Amherst County, Eastern, page: 76A (stamped), lines 1-9, household 40-40, C. Y. Dempsey (accessed 13 February 2013). 
  19. Register of marriages, Amherst County, Virginia, DGS 7578824, Film 30273, image 784 of 786, left page, 5th entry from bottom, Geo W Dempsey and Rhoda A. Staton married 20 Dec 1852. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9XF-NZMP?i=783 : accessed 21 January 2021). 
  20. Amherst County (Virginia) County Clerk, “Marriage registers, 1854-1920, 1974-1977; indexes to marriages, 1854-1970,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Amherst County Courthouse in Amherst, Virginia., Film 1888584 Items 3-4, DGS 7735324, Marriage registers, v. [2-3], 1854-1900, image 54 of 525, page 25-26, 12th entry, 26 Apr 1857, William S Dempsey and Mary Elenor Clements, citing Amherst County, Virginia. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89XF-F88F?i=53 : accessed 27 February 2022). 
  21. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), <i>Ancestry</i> (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653, FHL film 805344, West Virginia, Fayette County, District 2, page 142, sheet 317, lines 28-37, households 1352-687 and 1353-688, Ceton Y and George Dempsey (accessed 19 February 2013). 
  22. Ibid., Roll: M653_1344, FHL Film 805344, Virginia, Fayette County, District 2, page 50, sheet 360 (not written on the sheet, see previous 359 and next 361), household 364-327, lines 7-12, Wilson M. Dempsey (accessed 19 Feb 2013). The official enumeration day of the 1860 census was 1 June 1860. “.” 
  23. 1860 U.S. Federal Census – Slave Schedules (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Virginia, Fayette County, DIstrict 1, page 2, column 2, lines 11-19, Wilson M Dempsey (accessed 28 Aug 2015). 
  24. Robert J. Driver, Jr., The Confederate Soldiers of Rockbridge County, Virginia: A Roster, McFarland, Aug 23, 2016, p. 75, Dempsey, John J. and Dempsey, William S. (https://books.google.lu/books : accessed 31 March 2018) 
  25. Robert J. Driver, Jr., 58th Virginia Infantry, Lynchburg, VA: H.E. Howard, 1990, p. 102, Dempsey, Thomas G. 
  26. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 241, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1865-1866, page 3, line 33 of 45, 20 Sep 1866, George L. Johnson and Martha Ann Dempsey, citing Fayetteville. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00241.jpg : accessed 27 February 2022). 
  27. Per the 1870 census Geneva Dempsey was living in the household of Marshall Terry and using his surname. The 1910 census shows that they had been married 41 years (married about 1869) while the 1900 census showed 34 years (married about 1866). This could mean they married between 1866 and 1869. However, when their daughter Ella was born in 1871 a note that the parents were not married was made to the register. Further, in May 1872 a son was born out of wedlock with no father named. 
  28. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764/, image 244, Fayette County, West Virginia, Register of Marriage 1867, page 6, line 14, Irvin Ingram and Mary M. Dempsey, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00244.jpg : accessed 22 January 2022). 
  29. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686; FHL film 553185, West Virginia, Fayette County, Fayetteville, page 39, sheet 132A (stamped), lines 21-24, household 257-256, Seton Dempsey (accessed 25 January 2022). 
  30. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 259, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1872, page 19, line 18, 3 Jun 1872, Joseph H Presson and Julia V Dempsey, citing Fayette County. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00259.jpg : accessed 28 February 2022). 
  31. Beckley Post-Herald (Beckley, West Virginia), database created from microfilm copies of the Beckley, West Virginia, newspaper, Ancestry, Historical Newspapers Collection, Wednesday Morning, 31 March 1965, page 4, Yesterday and Today, column by Shirley Donnelly, “Loop Creek Church Dates From Civil War”. (https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/51098/images/News-WE-BE_PO.1965_03_31-0004 : accessed 5 Feb 2021). This article gives the history of Loop Creek Church and includes the names of Seaton and Clementine Dempsey and Irvin and Mary Ingram. 
  32. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll: 1402, West Virginia, Fayette County, Fayetteville, Enumeration District 027, page 31, Sheet 28C, lines 13-14, household 264, Seaton Y. Dempsey (accessed 25 January 2022). 
  33. Ibid., Roll: 1402, West Virginia, Fayette County, Fayetteville, Enumeration District 027, page 31, Sheet 28C, lines 15-19, household 265, Henry H. Preyston [sic, Presson] (accessed 25 January 2022) 
  34. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 279, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1880, page 38, line 29, 18 Jul 1880, Jos H. Arbaugh and Martha A. Johnson, citing Fayette County. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00279.jpg : accessed 27 February 2022). 
  35. Chancery Records of Virginia, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia, Local Government Records Collection, Virginia Memory (https://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/), Rockbridge County (Va.) Chancery Causes 1781-1931, W H Maxwell & wife v. Admr. of W G Dempsey etc, 1895-044, original case number 205.625, 185 images, citing original records housed at the Rockbridge County Circuit Court Clerk’s office. (http://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/case_detail.asp?CFN=163-1895-044 : accessed 15 March 2013). 

52 Ancestors: #16 Elijah WOOD abt. 1806-1885

“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #16 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

New generation — 3rd great-grandparents — 8 sets on my paternal line, one set is unknown. This will get me through another 14 weeks!

#16 Elijah WOOD abt. 1806-1885

I’ve never thought of Elijah WOOD as being a brick wall. While preparing his story I realized that I don’t have anything that shows [or proves] that my 3rd great-grandfather was the son of William WOOD (1777-1835) and Mary Ann McGRAW (1781-1845).

1825 – First Record Found for Elijah WOOD

Elijah WOOD and Rachel HONAKER were married by John CAMPBELL on 4 January 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia. The entry in the marriage register does not give the names of the bride and groom’s parents.1

The 1830s

Elijah and Rachel had 4 children by the time the 1830 census was taken: Allen Alexander (1825-aft.1900), Amanda Jane (1826-aft. 1885), Sarah Ann (1827-1887), and Mary Salinas (1829-bef. Aug 1901). A son and three daughters under the age of 5 years as seen in the 1830 census.

1830woodcensus
1830 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Greenbrier > Sheet 209A

1830 U.S. Federal Census
Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia
Enumerated as of 1 June 1830
Sheet No. 209A&B
Elijha Wood
1 male under 5 yo (Allen Alexander)
1 male 20 & under 30 yo (Elijah)
3 females under 5 yo (Amanda Jane, Sarah Ann, Mary Salinas)
1 female 20 & under 30 yo (Rachel)
6 persons in household2

In June 1831 Elijah was seen on the first personal tax list for Fayette County along with uncles James and Bailey, cousin Eli, and father William WOOD.3

On 2 October 1835, Elijah and Amos WOOD were administrators at the sale of the personal property of William WOOD. At the sale, Elijah bought one foot adz, plank per hundred, one stone hammer, one shovel, and one mooly (sic, muley) bull.4

The 1840s

Elijah and his wife had 5 more children by the time the 1840 census was enumerated: Turze Lucresia “Turzey” (1832-bet. 1885-1888), James Simpson (1833-1887), Nancy E. (1835-1898), Elijah Stuart “Sty” (1836-1921), and Rebecca Ann (1840-1866).

1840woodcensus
1840 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Fayette > Sheet 149A

1840 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
Enumerated as of 1 June 1840
Sheet No. 149A&B
Elijah Wood
2 males under 5 yo (James Simpson, Elijah Stuart)
1 male 10 & under 15 yo (Allen Alexander)
1 male 30 & under 40 yo (Elijah)
2 females under 5 yo (Nancy E., Rebecca Ann)
1 female 5 & under 10 yo (Turze Lucresia)
3 females 10 & under 15 yo (Sarah Ann, Amanda Jane, Mary Salinas)
1 female 30 & under 40 yo (Rachel)
11 persons in household
2 persons engaged in agriculture5

Shirley Donnelly wrote the column “Yesterday and Today” published in the Beckley Post-Herald (West Virginia). On 28 April 1975 his article “River Towns Full of History” included the following about land in the Lansing area that Elijah WOOD sold in 1841 [this needs to be researched; 11/26/1858 Elijah Wood to Eliza A. Townsend Bk E pg 282 Nr Chestnutburg – this deed may reference back to the 1841 land sale]:

“Lansing….is an old Fayette County settlement. It is located on the Chestnutburg road that runs out of Ansted and into the Edmond community. It is near where the high bridge is now under construction over New River Gorge. The land at Lansing was first owned by Elijah Wood of the Ansted area. Wood sold some of his land in the Lansing section to John Townsend in 1841.”

In 1844 Elijah WOOD was the crier for the sale of the estate of his uncle Richard SKAGGS6, widower of Susannah WOOD, and in 1846 for the estate of Joseph FOX.7

In 1845 Amos WOOD wrote his last will and testament and named his brothers Elijah and Allen as executors. The handwritten pages 107-110 in the Book of Wills, where Amos’ will would be found, are missing however this collection of records was also typed up at one time and added to the back of the will book.8

Elijah and his wife had their two youngest children in the 1840s: William Frederick (1842-1916) and Lewis L. (1845-bef. 1885). Their three oldest daughters married: Amanda Jane married Joshua J. PARRISH on 1 June 18439; Sarah Ann married William A. W. DEMPSEY abt. 1845; and Mary Salinas married George A. McGRAW on 1 June 1850, page 54, 7th entry.10

The 1850s

His oldest son Allen Alexander was working as a blacksmith in Greenbrier County in 1850 per the census.11 Elijah was a farmer with his wife Rachel and their seven younger children in Fayette County.

1850woodcensus
1850 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Fayette > Sheet 337A > HH#94-94

1850 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
The 14th District, Sheet 337A
Enumerated by me on the 26th day of July, 1850. T. B. Hamilton, Ass’t Marshal.
HH #94-94
Elijah Wood 43 M Farmer $700 Virginia
Rachel Wood 46 F Virginia cannot read & write
Turze Wood 18 F Virginia attended school
Simpson Wood 17 M Laborer Virginia attended school
Nancy Wood 15 F Virginia attended school
E. S. Wood 13 M Virginia attended school
Ann E. Wood 11 F Virginia attended school
Wm. Wood 8 M Virginia
Lewis Wood 5 M Virginia12

Elijah was seen purchasing one horse beast on 26 March 1853 at the estate sale of George R. JOHNSON13 and a small table, one hand saw, and three jugs on 13 August 1853 at the estate sale of William TERRY.14

During the 1850s six of Elijah’s children married: Allen Alexander married Margaret Ann HOOVER on 12 February 1851;14 Turze Lucresia “Turzey” married John H. NEAL in March 1855;15 Rebecca Ann married William W. RYAN on 25 December 1855;16 James Simpson married Ellen E. ALEXANDER on 1 June 1856;17 Nancy E. married Charles B. JOHNSON on 11 December 1856;18 and Elijah Stuart “Sty” married Margaret Virginia TOWNSEND before 1860.

During the 1850s Elijah WOOD wasn’t only a farmer. He was elected to the Office of the Constable in district No. 3 of Fayette County in 1852, 1854, and 1856 for two-year periods. He took the legal oaths and entered into bonds as prescribed by law.19,20,21,22

The 1860s

The marriages of the children left Elijah and his wife with only their two youngest sons living at home and attending school in 1860.

1860woodcensus
1860 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Fayette > Page 11 > Sheet 321 > HH#76-69

1860 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
District No. 2, Page No. 11
Enumerated by me on the 11th day of June, 1860. P. Morton, Ass’t Marshal.
Fayetteville Post Office, Sheet No. 321
HH #76-69
Elijah Wood 53 M Farmer $2500 $500 Virginia
Rachel Wood 56 F Virginia
William Wood 18 M Farm Laborer Virginia attended school
Lewis L. Wood 15 M Farm Laborer Virginia attended school23

There were several deaths in the family in the 1860s. Elijah’s wife Rachel HONAKER died during the decade, his daughter Rebecca Ann died on 19 March 1866,24 and his sons-in-law, William A. W. DEMPSEY died about 1867 and George A. McGRAW about 1868.

Elijah’s son William Frederick married Martha Ann HESS on 4 February 1864.25 Elijah remarried Rachel Louisa McGRAW before the 1870 census, however, no marriage record has been found.

The 1870s

After the death of Elijah’s son-in-law William A. W. DEMPSEY, his widowed daughter Sarah Ann had to put her children in the care of her siblings and father. Elijah took in Eunice and John DEMPSEY.

1870woodcensus
1870 U.S. Federal Census > West Virginia > Fayette > Page 99 > Sheet 144A > HH#74-74; online https://archive.org/stream/populationschedu1686unit#page/n289/mode/1up : accessed 20 April 2014

1870 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
Mountain Cove Township, Page No. 99
Enumerated by me on the 14th day of  July 1870. Wm. T. Lowry, Ass’t Marshal.
Fayetteville Post Office, Sheet No. 144A
HH #74-74
Wood, Elijah 63 M W Farmer $1300 $350 Virginia male US citizen over 21 yo
Wood, Rachael L. 45 F W Keeping House Virginia
Dempsey, Unis 14 F W At Home Virginia
Dempsey, John 12 M W Farm Laborer Virginia26

Two of Elijah’s daughters, both widowed, remarried in the 1870s. Mary Salinas married Michael Price ARBAUGH on 26 April 1871 27 and, following his death, she married Milton SIMS on 4 February 1876.28 His daughter Sarah Ann had planned to marry James R. REID (a marriage license was taken out on 27 November 1872 but not used)29 and seven weeks later married John M. FOX, a widower, on 14 January 1873.30

The 1880s

By 1880 Elijah’s granddaughter Eunice DEMPSEY who had been living in his household in 1870 had married.31 His grandsons John and Elijah DEMPSEY were living with him in 1880.32

1880woodcensus
1880 U.S. Federal Census > West Virginia > Fayette > ED 30 > Page 21 > Sheet 104A > HH#185-185

1880 U.S. Federal Census
Fayette County, West Virginia
Mountain Cove, Page No. 21
Enumerated by me on the 10th day of June 1880. W. C. Miller, enumerator.
Enumeration District No. 30, Sheet No. 104A
HH #185-185
Wood, Elijah W M 73 Farmer WV WV WV
Wood, Rachel L. W F 54 wife married Keeping house WV WV VA Wife
Dempsey, Elijah W M 17 laborer single Farm laborer WV WV WV
Dempsey, Jno H. W M 22 laborer single Works in coal yard WV WV WV
McGraw, Polly W F 72 mother-in-law widowed Keeping house WV WV WV

Also in his household was his mother-in-law Polly McGRAW. Her presence in his household has been very helpful in proving that Elijah was married twice. The age difference in the 1870 and 1880 census for Rachel L.  compared to the 1850 and 1860 for Elijah’s first wife Rachel suggested that Elijah was married twice – both ladies being named Rachel. Earlier census listings for Polly McGRAW show that she was the mother of Rachel Louisa McGRAW.33,34

1885 Last Will and Testament

Elijah WOOD left a last will and testament dated 14 March 1885. It was proven on 23 September 1885.35

Last Will and Testament of Elijah Wood Decd
I Elijah Wood in the name of God Amen do make and publish this as my last Will and Testament.
First: I direct that I shall be buried in a suitable manner in accordance
with my station in life.
Second: I will and bequeath to my beloved wife Rachel Louisa the home place
where I now live during her natural life, should she prefer that the place be
sold she is to receive one third of the proceeds of sale or so much thereof
as she may need for support. I also give to her one cow of her choice, one
hog of her choice, one bed and my kitchen furniture. I also give to her
interest on four hundred dollars of my personal estate or more if she should
need it during her life.
Third: I give and bequeath to my grandson John H. Dempsey my farm situate on
horse shoe Creek Consisting of two tracts containing Sixty acres more or less
and he is charged with the payment of one hundred Dollars to be paid to the
rest of my heirs but it is my wish and I direct that he shall not be
oppressed in the payment of said one hundred dollars. $100.00
Fourth: I give and bequeath to my grandson Elijah Lewis Dempsey one hundred
dollars to be paid out of my personal estate.
Fifth: I give and bequeath to my granddaughter Jerusha Rogers the sum of
fifty dollars to be paid out of my personal estate.
Sixth: I will and bequeath all the rest of my estate to my nine living
children Viz Allen A. Wood, Amanda J. Parrish, Sarah A. Fox, Mary Salina Sims,
Tersey Lucresia Neal, James S. Wood and Nancy E. Johnston, Elijah S. Wood, W. F.
Wood and I do make them the residuary legatees of my estate to them equally
portion and portion alike.
Seventh: I do appoint and constitute G. W. Imboden and James Simpson Wood my
son as the executors of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all
former wills by me made.
Given under my hand  and seal this 14th day  of March ad 1885
Elijah Wood seal

We the subscribing witnesses have this day witnessed the foregoing will
signed and declared by Elijah Wood as his Will and in his presence and signed
in the presence of each of us and we have signed in the presence of each
other this 14th day of March 1885.
Allen McGraw
George L. McClung
G. W. Imboden

In Vacation

In the office of the clerk of the county Court of Fayette County West
Virginia September 23, 1885.
This day the last Will and Testament of Elijah Wood late of this county
deceased was presented and offered for probate by James Simpson Wood one of
the Executors named in said will and after having upon oath the evidence of
Allen McGraw, George L. McClung and G. W. Imboden the three subscribing witnesses thereto as to the signature of said Elijah Wood deceased to said will and the genuineness of the same.
It is ordered that the said will be and the same is hereby admitted to
record.
And whereas the said G. W. Imboden the other executor named in said will
refused to qualify as such executor the said James Simpson Wood Executor
appointed and named as aforesaid Appeared and took the oath required by law
and together with J. A. Taylor and F. M. McClung his surety entered into and
acknowledged a bond in the penalty of six thousand dollars conditional
according to law And on motion of the said James Simpson Wood Executor as
aforesaid, Wm Deitz, Franklin Hess, and Wm Martin are hereby appointed
appraisers to appraise the personal estate of the said Elijah Wood deceased
and report to this office according to law.
Teste: E B Hawkins Clerk
Fayette County Court Clerks Office September 23rd 1885
The foregoing will was this day presented in my office proved by the oaths
of the subscribing witnesses thereto and admitted.

Elijah named his nine living children: Allen A. Wood, Amanda J. Parrish, Sarah A. Fox, Mary Salina Sims, Tersey Lucresia Neal, James S. Wood, Nancy E. Johnston, Elijah S. Wood, and W. F. Wood. His daughter Rebecca Ann was not named as she died in 1866. His son Lewis L. may have died between 1860 and 1885. No trace of him was found after the 1860 census. I believe it can be assumed that Lewis predeceased his father as he is not listed as one of the living children.

Elijah made bequeaths to John and Elijah Lewis DEMPSEY, sons of his daughter Sarah Ann, and to Jerusha ROGERS, daughter of his deceased daughter Rebecca Ann.

Elijah’s death record

Elijah WOOD, a white male farmer, died on 10 September 1885 in Fayette County, West Virginia. The cause of death was “hemorrhage.” His widow Rachel L. Wood, the informant, did not give the names of his parents.36

Getting back to his parentage

WOOD is a common surname in Old Virginia. I need to analyze the pre-1850 census listings for Greenbrier, Monroe, Nicholas, and Fayette counties for WOOD and WOODS.

The county lines were changing as new counties were being formed in Old Virginia. Woodville, now known as Ansted, once part of Greenbrier County, fell to Monroe County in 1799, to Nicholas County in 1818, and finally to Fayette County in 1831 as the counties were formed.  The image quality of the census has gotten better over the last dozen or so years and I am finding some errors in the work I previously did on the census. I believe taking a new look, maybe even starting from scratch, might help. This project will be discussed in a later post.

I put out some feelers to see if other descendants of Elijah WOOD; of William WOOD, believed to be his father; or of Bailey WOOD Sr., believed to be Elijah’s grandfather may have some keys that will help unlock and push open the door in this brick wall!

Lyle LeMasters’ work has been used as a guide by many descendants of the WOOD families in the Fayette County, West Virginia, area. He did early census work and searched for land records, wills, etc. I am happy to say that he replied right away:

Hello, Cathy nice to talk to you again. There is no 100 percent proof without a will and all of the children or surviving grandchildren of a child being named. Elijah and 2 brothers being named in a relationship as you stated is proof but still does not establish their parents without one of them having a death record naming their parents. The same goes for Bailey Wood Sr. and some of his children selling land in a deed as their part of Bailey Wood Sr.’s estate. This is not 100 percent proof but they would have to be heirs or entitled to sell the land. No will for Bailey Wood Sr. was found to date to establish his children. Considering they were the only Wood family in that area while the others were using Woods helps but it is not 100 percent proof. The Bailey Wood Sr. land grants and the land sold also help prove a possible relationship of his heirs but not 100 percent.

And so the research to prove the parentage of Elijah WOOD continues.

This Post Was Updated on 9 April 2022Missing source citations were added and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 495643, image 130, West Virginia, Re-Index and Copy of Marriage Record No. 1–Nicholas County, line 6, 4 Jan 1925, Elijah Wood and Rachel Hannaker, married by Jno Campbell, citing Nicholas County. (http://images.wvculture.org/495643/00130.jpg : accessed 25 April 2013). 
  2. 1830 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry  (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8058/), citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, Roll 190, FHL Film 0029669, West Virginia, Greenbrier, page 209A&B, line 15, (Elijha) Elijah Wood (accessed 8 February 2022). 
  3. “Personal property tax lists, 1831-1850” (images), FamilySearch, Virginia Commissioner of the Revenue (Fayette County), microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, Film 2024536, DGS 7849112, image 22 of 589, 1831 page 20. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSQK-19VN-9?i=21&cat=777450 : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  4. “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” database with images, FamilySearch (digital images of originals housed at local county courthouse in West Virginia), Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > images 39-40 of 292 > page 55-57, sale bill of the personal property of William Wood (Elijah and Amos Wood were administrators). (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-97?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  5. 1840 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8057/), citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, Roll 555, FHL Film 0029685, Virginia, Fayette, page 149 (stamped), line 4, Elijah Wood (accessed 8 February 2022). 
  6. West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971, Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 68 of 292; (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9S7-5W?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022) 
  7. Ibid., Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 72 of 292 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SW-WP?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022) 
  8. Ibid., Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 224 of 292 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-5S?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022) 
  9. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 203, West Virginia, Fayette, page 28, entry 8, 1 June 1843, Joshua Parish Jr. and Amanda Wood, by W. Carnafix. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00203.jpg : accessed 8 February 2022). 
  10. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 217, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 54, 7th entry, 1 Jun 1850, George A. McGraw and Mary S. Wood by Martin T. Bibb. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00217.jpg : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  11. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: 947, Virginia, Greenbrier, District 18, Sheet 235A (stamped), page 469, household 7-7, lines 7-22, Geo W Sydenstricker (accessed 3 April 2022). 
  12. Ibid., Roll: 943, Virginia, Fayette County, District 14, sheet 337A (stamped), household 94-94, lines 19-27, Elijah Wood (accessed 3 April 2022). 
  13. Ibid., Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 262 of 292 (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-C9SQ-NY?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG%3A179689901%2C179689902 : accessed 3 April 2022) 
  14. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 595040, image 98, West Virginia, Register of Marriages in Greenbrier, page 14 (double-page spread), line 12, 10 Feb license, Alexander Wood and Margaret Ann Hoover, 12 Feb 1851 by James Remly. (http://images.wvculture.org/595040/00098.jpg : accessed 3 April 2022). 
  15. “Vital statistics, 1853-1860 of West Virginia,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, citing microreproduction of original manuscripts at the Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, Calhoun – Hampshire counties, Film 34485, DGS 7499353, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1855, image 135 of 554, no page number (double-page spread), line 12, March 1855, John Neal and Turze Wood. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89Z5-F8HB?i=134&cat=308753 : accessed 19 January 2022). 
  16. Ibid., Fayette County Register of Marriages 1855, image 135 of 554, no page number (double-page spread), line 38, 25 Dec 1855, William W. Ryan and Rebecca A. Wood. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89Z5-F8HB?i=134&cat=308753 : accessed 19 January 2022). 
  17. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 521720, image 14, West Virginia, Kanawha County Register of Marriages, page 9 (double-page spread), line 53, 1 Jun 1856, James S. Wood and Ellen E. Alexander. (http://images.wvculture.org/521720/00014.jpg : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  18. Vital statistics, 1853-1860 of West Virginia, Calhoun – Hampshire counties, Film 34485, DGS 7499353, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1855, image 137 of 554, no page number (double-page spread), line 29, 11 Dec 1856, Chas. Johnson and Nancy E. Wood. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9Z5-FZXH?i=136 : accessed 6 December 2020). 
  19. Lyle LeMasters, email dated 21 April 2014, Re: Feedback received from your friend for “52 Ancestors: #16 Elijah WOOD abt. 1806-1885,” These were the bonds for Elijah being a Justice of the Peace in Fayette County: 10 June 1852 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 332, 15 June 1854 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 539, 12 June 1856 Elijah Wood to VA Comwth Bond Bk D pg 713. Note: I have not located the VA Comwth Bond Bk cited by Lyle. However, I found entries in the court minutes and order books to confirm the bonds were entered into. 
  20. “Court minutes and order books, 1837-1928,” browse-only images, FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Fayette County, West Virginia courthouse., Film 585503, DGS 8613698, Minute books, v. 3-4 1848-1861, image 107 of 393, page 489, June Court 1852, last entry, 10 June 1852 Elijah Wood took oaths and entered into a bond for his election to the Office of the Constable in district 3. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1P9M?i=106&cat=100698 : accessed 4 April 2022). 
  21. Ibid., image 173 of 393, page 611, June Court 1852, 5th entry, 15 June 1854, Elijah Wood took oaths and entered into a bond for his election as constable in District 3. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1G5M?i=172&cat=100698 : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  22. Ibid., image 229 of 393, page 720, June Court 1856, 4th entry, 12 June 1856, Elijah Wood took oaths and entered into a bond for his election as constable in District 3. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C34C-1GB9?i=228&cat=100698 : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  23. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll M653_1344, FHL 805344, Virginia, Fayette County, District 2, page 11, sheet 321, household 76-69, lines 20-23, Elijah Wood(accessed 5 April 2022). 
  24. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584755, image 86, Fayette County Register of Death 1866, page 2-3 (double-page spread), line 29, 19 March 1866, Rebecca A. Ryan, Mountain Cove. (http://images.wvculture.org/584755/00086.jpg : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  25. Rhoda Applegate, letter to Eli J. Harrah dated 2 February 1990, sent by Vernon Fox to Sherranlynn Kincaid Nichols (received 15 August 1998). William Frederick Wood mar. Martha Hess 4 Feb 1864, they were first cousins. 
  26. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686; West Virginia, Fayette County, Mountain Cove, page 11, sheet 144A (stamped 144), household 74-74, lines 31-34, Elijah Wood (accessed 21 January 2022). 
  27. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 225, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 15 (double-page spread), line 21, 26 April 1871, Michael P. Arbaugh and Mary S. McGraw, married by I.C. Cavendish. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00255.jpg : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  28. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 269, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 28 (double-page spread), line 22, 4 Feb 1876, Milton Sims and Mary S. Arbaugh married by I.C. Cavendish. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00269.jpg : accessed 5 April 2022). 
  29. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 260, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 20, entry 17, 27 Nov 1872, James R. Reid and Sarah Ann Wood (marked out) Dempsey, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00260.jpg : accessed 9 February 2022). 
  30. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 260, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages, page 20, entry 32, 14 Jan 1873, John M. Fox and Sarah A. Dempsey, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00260.jpg : accessed 9 February 2022). 
  31. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, Fayette, West Virginia, Register of Marriage 1873, image 261, page 21, line 9, John I. Skaggs and Eunice Dempsey, 11 May 1873, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00261.jpg : accessed 21 January 2022). 
  32. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll: 1402, West Virginia, Fayette County, Mountain Cove, enumeration district 30, sheet 104A, household 185-185, lines 16-20, Elijah Wood (accessed 9 February 2022). 
  33. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, Roll: M432_943, Image: 281+282. Virginia, Fayette, District 14, sheets 338A+B (stamped), household 107-107, Henry McGraw (accessed 7 September 2014). 
  34. 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Roll: M653_1344, FHL Film: 805344, Virginia, Fayette County, District 3, page 100, sheet 410 (handwritten), household 743-680, lines 17-22, Henry McGraw (accessed 7 September 2014). 
  35. West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971, Fayette County Will books, 1832-1969 > Fayette Will book, v. 03 1885-1901 > image 33+34 of 274 (pages 7+8) > 1885 Elijah Wood. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18272-69978-57?cc=1909099&wc=10916503 : accessed 8 February 2022). 
  36. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 584755, image 291, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Death, page 342-343 (stamped) line 73, Elijah Wood, 10 Sep 1885, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584755/00291.jpg : accessed 9 February 2022). 

52 Ancestors: #11 Mary M. DEMPSEY abt. 1845-bet. 1880-1888

The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor. ~ Amy Johnson Crow

This is my 11th contribution to Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

Lá Fhéile Pádraig Shona Duit!
Happy St. Patrick’s Day!

#11 Mary M. DEMPSEY abt. 1845-bet. 1880-1888

An Explanation Up Front

I have two DEMPSEY lines in my paternal family tree. My entries for this challenge have included my father, grandfather, great-grandfather, and great-great-grandfather, all with the surname DEMPSEY:

#1 Fred Roosevelt DEMPSEY 1935-1974
#2 Fred Rothwell DEMPSEY 1899-1975

#4 William Henderson DEMPSEY 1860-1941
#8 William A. W. DEMPSEY 1822-1867

Screenshot of five-generation pedigree generated by Ancestral Quest 14

Mary M. DEMPSEY, one of my 4 paternal great-great-grandmothers, is from the other DEMPSEY line in my family tree. The lines are connected as Mary’s daughters Octava and Laura INGRAM married sons of William A. W. DEMPSEY. However, a common DEMPSEY ancestor has not been found to connect the two DEMPSEY lines.

Mary M. DEMPSEY was born about 1845 to Seaton Y. DEMPSEY and Clementine M. GOWING who were married on 3 January 1829.1 They had 5 children before Mary was born and then two more bringing the total to eight children. All of these events took place in Amherst County, Virginia.

Sib 1: George W. DEMPSEY (1831-aft. 1870)
Sib 2: Geneva Elizabeth “Jennie” DEMPSEY (1836-aft. 1910)
Sib 3: William S. DEMPSEY (1839-1860s)
Sib 4: Thomas G. DEMPSEY (1840-1860s)
Sib 5: John J. DEMPSEY (1843-1860s)
Sib 7: Martha Ann “Matties” DEMPSEY (1847-1909)
Sib 8: Julia Victoria DEMPSEY (1853-1926)

1850censusAmherst
1850 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Amherst > Eastern District > Sheet 76A > HH #40

1850 U.S. Federal Census2
Amherst County, Virginia
Eastern District
HH #40-40
Dempsey, C. Y. 47 M Farmer 500 Virginia
Dempsey, C. M. 35 F
Dempsey, Geo W. 19 M
Dempsey, Elizabeth 14 F
Dempsey, Wm S. 11 M
Dempsey, Thomas G. 10 M
Dempsey, John J. 7 M
Dempsey, Mary M. 5 F
Dempsey, Martha A. 2 F

Following the 1850 census, Mary’s older siblings began to marry and have children. Her sister Jennie had illegitimate children, a daughter about 1857 and twin daughters about 1859. Her brother George married Rhoda A. STATON (1825-aft. 1870?) on 20 December 1852.3 Her brother William married Mary Eliza CLEMENTS (1839-?) on 26 April 1857.4 Both marriages took place in Amherst County.

The family moved to Fayette County, (West) Virginia

Mary’s father Seaton and her uncle Wilson M. DEMPSEY moved their families to Fayette County, (West) Virginia, in the late 1850s. Mary’s brother William and sister Jennie remained in Amherst County with their young families.

The 1860 census listing shows Mary’s parents in one household followed by her brother George’s household. Mary and her siblings Thomas, John, Martha, and Julia were listed in George’s household. Normally, Mary and her siblings would have been listed in her parents’ household. I suspect that the entire family group was living together and George was given a household and family number making it appear that his siblings were living in his household.

1860censusseaton
1860 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Fayette > District 2 > Sheet 304

1860 U.S. Federal Census5
Fayette County, (West) Virginia
Fayetteville Twp
HH #1352-687
Dempsey Ceton Y. 57 M W farmer Virginia
Clementine M. 47 F W wife Virginia
HH #1353-688
George 28 M W farm labor Virginia
Rhoda 35 F W wife Virginia
Ceton A. 5 M W Virginia
Thomas G. 18 M W farm labor Virginia
John J. 15 M W farm labor Virginia
Mary M. 13 F W Virginia
Martha A. 10 F W Virginia
Juda V. 7 F W Virginia

Older siblings returned to eastern Virginia in the 1860s

Following the 1860 census, Mary’s brother Thomas returned to eastern Virginia and joined the 58th Virginia Infantry in August 1861 in Amherst County.6 Her brother John also went east and joined up in Rockbridge County where their brother William was living.7 There is no trace of William, Thomas, or John in 1870 or later. Mary’s brother George and his wife disappear after the 1870 census. Their sons remained in Fayette County while a daughter went back to Amherst and later lived in Rockbridge County.

UPDATE (February 2021): Unraveling the Mystery of George W. Dempsey, son of Seaton Y. Dempsey and Clementine Gowing (part 1), part 2, and part 3.

Mary’s sister Jennie had more illegitimate children and married Marshall S. TERRY (1843-aft. 1920) about 1866-1869 (per 1900 and 1910 census). She died between 1910-1920 in Rockbridge County, Virginia. No marriage record has been found for Jennie and Marshall TERRY. In 1895 Chancery Records found in Rockbridge County concerning the estate of her uncle Wesley G. DEMPSEY, one of Seaton and Wilson’s brothers, Jennie was seen as Wesley’s niece Jennie TERRY (née DEMPSEY) wife of Marshall TERRY.8 Prior to finding the chancery records, it had been assumed that the daughter seen only as Elizabeth in 1850 had died by 1860. Finding her as Jennie TERRY, wife of a man who was seen as a mulatto in the earlier census listings, has brought up a whole bunch of questions that need to be answered. This discovery also gives me faith in the documents that are going to help open the doors in the DEMPSEY brick walls!

Back in Fayette County, West Virginia

Mary’s parents Seaton and Clementine remained in Fayette County with the three youngest daughters Mary M., Martha A., and Julia V. By 1870 Mary and her sister Martha had married and only Julia was living at home with her parents.9

Mary’s sisters Martha and Julia marry

Martha Ann “Matties” DEMPSEY married George L. “Little George” JOHNSON (1846-bef 1880) on 20 September 1866.10 They had four children before Little George left her a widow. She married second Joseph Henry ARBAUGH (1853-1927) on 18 July 1880 in Ansted, Fayette County, West Virginia.11 They were the parents of three children. “Matties” died on 11 March 1909.12

Julia Victoria DEMPSEY married Joseph Henry PRESSON (1850-1934) on 3 June 1872.13 They were the parents of 7 children. Julia died 1 May 1926 in Ansted.14

What became of Mary M. Dempsey?

On 23 May 1867 Eli WOOD, Minister of the Gospel, performed the marriage ceremony in Fayette County, West Virginia, for  Mary M. DEMPSEY and her groom Irvin Lewis INGRAM, son of Robert INGRAM and Huldah JOHNSON.15

The 1870 census listing for Mary and her young family has not been located. I suspect that the family may have been missed. From later records, we know that Mary’s first daughter Octavia Dell INGRAM (1866-1923) was born 14 March 1866 in Fayette County, West Virginia. This was a year prior to Mary’s marriage to Irvin Lewis INGRAM on 23 May 1867.  Following the marriage, their second daughter Laura Belle INGRAM (1868-1940) was born 24 April 1868 at Ingram Branch on Loop Creek in Fayette County. There are no birth records for Octava and Laura and we must rely on the information passed on to descendants, in Octava’s case,16 and given on Laura’s death certificate.17

Mary and Irvin’s third daughter’s birth was entered in the register of births: Harriet F. INGRAM (1871- ) born 8 March 1871 at Loup Creek, Fayette County, West Virginia.18 This daughter most likely died before 1900 as she has not been found in the 1900 census nor has a marriage record been found for her at WVCulture.org. Note that her father Irvin was missed in the 1900 census and it is possible that Harriet may have also been missed.

1880censusingram
1880 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > ED #27 Sheet #17A

In 1880 we see Mary age 31 with her husband Irvin age 35 and their three daughters, Octavi D. age 14, Laura B. age 12, and Harriet F. age 9.19 This is the last record we find to document Mary’s life.

Was Mary still living when her daughters married in the early 1880s? Octavia Dell married Elijah Lewis DEMPSEY (1862-1943) on 19 October 1882.20 Laura Belle married William Henderson DEMPSEY (1860-1941) on  1 October 1884.21 Both marriages were performed by I. C. Cavendish.

Mary’s husband Irvin Lewis INGRAM’s marital status was widower when he married Susie ALIFF on 11 February 1888.22 Therefore Mary must have died after the 1880 census and prior to Irvin’s marriage in February 1888. She would have been 43 years old in 1888.

I planned out my 52 Ancestors in January and only noticed today that I would be blogging about the same ancestral line as I did last year on St. Patrick’s Day.
Lá Fhéile Pádraig Shona Duit!

This Post Was Updated on 13 March 2022: Missing source citations were added, images were watermarked, and some corrections were made to the text and format.

© 2014-2022, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.


  1. Register of marriages, Amherst County, Virginia, 1763-1853 (browse-only images), FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Virginia State Library in Richmond, Virginia, DGS 7578824, Film 30273, image 589 of 786, Amherst County Register of marriages, page 301, entry 2, 3 Jan 1829, Seaton Y Dempsey and Clementina Gowing, security and witnesses: Landon S. Gowing, Philip Smith Sr., Ro. Tinsley. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99XF-N8WJ : accessed 26 February 2022). 
  2. 1850 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/8054/), citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: 933, Virginia, Amherst County, Eastern, page 76A (stamped), lines 1-9, household 40-40, C. Y. Dempsey (accessed 13 February 2013). 
  3. Register of marriages, Amherst County, Virginia, 1763-1853, DGS 7578824, Film 30273, image 784 of 786, left page, 5th entry from bottom, Geo W Dempsey and Rhoda A. Staton married 20 Dec 1852. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QSQ-G9XF-NZMP?i=783 : accessed 21 January 2021). 
  4. Amherst County (Virginia) County Clerk, “Marriage registers, 1854-1920, 1974-1977; indexes to marriages, 1854-1970,” (browse-only images), FamilySearch, citing microfilm of original records at the Amherst County Courthouse in Amherst, Virginia., Film 1888584 Items 3-4, DGS 7735324, Marriage registers, v. [2-3], 1854-1900, image 54 of 525, page 25-26, 12th entry, 26 Apr 1857, William S Dempsey and Mary Elenor Clements, citing Amherst County, Virginia. (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-89XF-F88F?i=53 : accessed 27 February 2022). 
  5. 1860 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7667/), citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653, FHL film 805344, West Virginia, Fayette County, District 2, page 142, lines 28-37, household 1352-687 and 1353-688, Ceton Y and George Dempsey (accessed 19 February 2013). 
  6. “Civil War Prisoner of War Records, 1861-1865,” database with images, Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/1124/), citing National Archives at Washington DC; Washington, DC. USA; War Department Collection of Confederate Records; NARA film publication M598; Record Group: War Department Collection of Confederate Records; Record Group Number: 109, Thomas G. Dempsey and T. G. Dempsey, records of. 
  7. Robert J. Driver, Jr., The Confederate Soldiers of Rockbridge County, Virginia: A Roster, McFarland, Aug 23, 2016, p. 75, Dempsey, John J. and Dempsey, William S. (https://books.google.lu/books : accessed 31 March 2018) 
  8. Chancery Records of Virginia, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia, Local Government Records Collection, Virginia Memory (https://www.lva.virginia.gov/chancery/), Rockbridge County (Va.) Chancery Causes 1781-1931, W H Maxwell & wife v. Admr. of W G Dempsey etc, 1895-044, original case number 205.625, 185 images, citing original records housed at the Rockbridge County Circuit Court Clerk’s office. 
  9. 1870 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/7163/), citing Ninth Census of the United States, 1870 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T132, 13 rolls, Roll: M593_1686; FHL film 553185, West Virginia, Fayette County, Fayetteville, page 39, sheet 132A (stamped), lines 21-24, household 257-256, Seton Dempsey (accessed 25 January 2022). 
  10. West Virginia Vital Research Records Project (database and images), West Virginia Division of Culture and History citing county records in county courthouses, West Virginia (A collaborative venture between the West Virginia State Archives and the Genealogical Society of Utah to place vital records online via the West Virginia Archives and History Web site accessible at https://archive.wvculture.org/vrr), West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 241, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1865-1866, page 3, line 33 of 45, 20 Sep 1866, George L. Johnson and Martha Ann Dempsey, citing Fayetteville. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00241.jpg : accessed 27 February 2022). 
  11. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 279, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1880, page 38, line 29, 18 Jul 1880, Jos H. Arbaugh and Martha A. Johnson, citing Fayette County. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00279.jpg : accessed 27 February 2022). 
  12. Becky Fox and Anita McClung, Westlake Cemetery (59 Cemetery St, Ansted, Fayette County, West Virginia), Mattie A., Wife of Joseph Arbaugh, Died Mar 11, 1909, Age 57y, cemetery reading by Fox and McClung shared on Fayette County Footprints, a MyFamily.com website retired on 30 September 2014 by Ancestry. 
  13. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, image 259, West Virginia, Fayette County Register of Marriages 1872, page 19, line 18, 3 Jun 1872, Joseph H Presson and Julia V Dempsey, citing Fayette County. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00259.jpg : accessed 28 February 2022). 
  14. James Skaggs, comp. and photographer, Hendricks Cemetery, Gauley Mountain, Route 60, Turkey Creek, Fayette County, West Virginia, photo of double tombstone for Joseph Henry Presson and wife Julia Victoria Dempsey (http://www.picturetrail.com/gallery/view?username=jim_skaggs : accessed 5 December 2001). 
  15. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764/, image 244, Fayette County, West Virginia, Register of Marriage 1867, page 6, line 14, Irvin Ingram and Mary M. Dempsey, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00244.jpg : accessed 22 January 2022). 
  16. The Hallie Dempsey Memorial, Terry Cemetery, Victor, Fayette County, West Virginia (three pictures courtesy of Becky Fox Shuff, photographed 21 February 2005), Octavia D. Dempsey 1866-1923. Becky oversees the care and maintenance of the Terry Cemetery. She and her sister Betty Fox LeMasters were co-admins of the myfamily.com genealogy site Fayette County Footprints where the photographs were first shared. 
  17. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Deaths, 1804-1999, FHL microfilm 1983556, Fayette, West Virginia, Certificate of Death, Registered No. 12945, Laura Ingram Dempsey, 08 Oct 1940, citing Victor, Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://archive.wvculture.org/vrr/va_view.aspx?Id=1063678&Type=Death : accessed 8 January 2022). Her age at the time of death (72 yrs 5 months 14 days) and the birthdate (24 April 1868) calculate correctly for her date of death. 
  18. Ibid., West Virginia Births, 1853-1930, FHL microfilm 584755, image 32, Fayette, West Virginia, Register of Births 1871, line 83, March 1871, Harriet Ingram, citing Loop Creek, Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584755/00032.jpg : accessed 25 January 2022). 
  19. 1880 U.S. Federal Census (index and images), Ancestry  (https://www.ancestry.com/search/collections/6742/), citing Tenth Census of the United States, 1880 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls, Roll: 1402; West Virginia, Fayette County, Fayetteville, Enumeration District 027, page 17A, lines, 16-20, HH #53, Irvin Ingram household (accessed 25 January 2022). 
  20. WVCulture.org, West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, Fayette, West Virginia, Register of Marriage 1882, image 284, page 45, line 29, E L Dempsey and Octavia D. Inghram, 19 Oct 1882, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00286.jpg : accessed 21 January 2022). 
  21. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584764, Fayette, West Virginia, Register of Marriage 1884, image 293, page 52, line 40, W H Dempsey and Laura B. Ingram, 1 Oct 1884, citing Fayette County, West Virginia. (http://images.wvculture.org/584764/00293.jpg : accessed 21 January 2022). 
  22. Ibid., West Virginia Marriages, 1780-1970, FHL microfilm 584765, image 166, Fayette County, West Virginia, Clerk’s Certificate and Marriage License, page 288 (stamped), Irvin Lewis Ingram and Susan Octava Holstin, citing Fayetteville, Fayette County, WV. (http://images.wvculture.org/584765/00166.jpg : accessed 22 January 2022).