Rewriting the Biography: John SIMS in the U.S. Federal Census

Rewriting the Biography is an ongoing theme for the rough draft notes of a new/updated biography of my 5th great-grandfather James SIMS (1754-1845) of Nicholas County.

John SIMS (1787-1869)

The sixth child of James SIMS and his wife Phebe, if we include Edward whose census data was discussed in the last post, was John born in 1787. He did not have his own household in 1810 and was not yet married.

The 1810 U.S. Federal Census

There is a good possibility the bachelor John SIMS was in the household of Edward SIMS in 1810. An extra male of John’s age was not found in any of the other SIMS households as seen in the posts for James, William, Elizabeth, and Martin. All other children of James SIMS were too young to have their own households in 1810. Could the second male in the household of Edward SIMS be John? Where else or with whom could he have been?

If John was in Edward’s household in 1810, is this an argument for their being brothers and Edward being the son of James SIMS?

1810 U.S. Federal Census of Kanawha County, Virginia for Edward SIMS

1810 U.S. Federal Census 1
Kanawha County, (West) Virginia
Charleston
Sheet 142, Line 6
Name: Edward Sims
Free White Persons – Males – 16 thru 25: 2 (Edward and possibly John)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 2 (Rebecca and Miriam)
Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25: 1 (Hannah)
Number of Household Members Under 16: 2
Number of Household Members: 5

The 1820 U.S. Federal Census

John married Mildred HUNTER in April 1811 or 1812 in Kanawha County. There are two entries for the marriage performed by Edward HUGHES, one dated 13 April 1811 and another dated 24 April 1812.

John was in Kanawha County in 1820 with his wife Mildred and three children. Also in the household was a young man 16 thru 25 who is unknown. He was engaged in agriculture along with John. The young man cannot be a child of either John or Mildred.

1820 U.S. Federal Census for Kanawha County, Virginia for John SIMS

1820 U.S. Federal Census 2
Kanawha County, Virginia
Page 21, Line 6
Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
Name: John Sims
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10: 1 (Lilburn)
Free White Persons – Males – 16 thru 25: 1 (unknown)
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44: 1 (John)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10: 2 (Mary and Martha)
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44: 1 (Mildred)
Number of Persons – Engaged in Agriculture: 2
Free White Persons – Under 16: 3
Free White Persons – Over 25: 2
Total Free White Persons: 6
Total All Persons – White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 6

The 1830 U.S. Federal Census

A decade later the family of John and Mildred had not increased. Mildred was about 30 years old when her last child Martha was born. She still had a number of childbearing years ahead of her. There were, however, no living children born to her other than Lilburn, Mary, and Martha in the 1830 household. A young man age 15 thru 19 who was not present in 1820 was now seen with the family.

1830 U.S. Federal Census of Kanawha County, Virginia for John SIMS

1830 U.S. Federal Census3
Kanawha County, Virginia
Enumeration Date: 1 June 1830
Name: John Sims
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 2 (Lilburn & unknown missing in 1820)
Free White Persons – Males – 40 thru 49: 1 (John)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14: 1 (Martha)
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19: 1 (Mary)
Free White Persons – Females – 30 thru 39: 1 (Mildred)
Free White Persons – Under 20: 4
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 6
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 6

The 1840 U.S. Federal Census

By 1840 all three of the children of John and Mildred had married. Their son Lilburn was not found with his own household. It is possible the young man and woman in the 20 thru 29 years range for male and female in the household of John SIMS are Lilburn and his wife Juliet GILLILAND who had married on 13 January 1840.

The two young boys in the 10 thru 14 and 15 thru 19 categories cannot be children of John and Mildred as they were not with them in 1830. Mildred had a brother and a sister who were deceased and left heirs per the 1847 will of her father Charles HUNTER. Did one of them die before 1840 and the young boys were Mildred’s nephews?

Five persons were engaged in agriculture although only four males were in the household.

1840 U.S. Federal Census of Kanawha County, Virginia for John Sims

1840 U.S. Federal Census4
Kanawha County, Virginia
Sheet 2, Line 30
Enumeration Date: 1 June 1840
Name: Jno Sims
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14: 1 (not seen in 1830)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (not seen in 1830)
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29: 1 (Lilburn)
Free White Persons – Males – 50 thru 59: 1 (John)
Free White Persons – Females – 20 thru 29: 1 (Juliet)
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49: 1 (Mildred)
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 5
Free White Persons – Under 20: 2
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 3
Total Free White Persons: 6
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 6

Mary SIMS and Albert Gallatin WALKER

John and Mildred’s daughter Mary married Albert Gallatin WALKER on 15 December 1830 in Kanawha County. They were the parents of five by the time the 1840 census was enumerated. They had a young man 15 thru 19 in their household who could not be a son of Mary and Albert. Six persons in the household were engaged in agriculture. Is it possible all persons in the household except for baby Mildred and toddler Marcus were working the farm?

1840 U.S. Federal Census of Kanawha County, Virginia for Albert G. WALKER

1840 U.S. Federal Census5
Kanawha County, Virginia
Sheet 4, line 14
Name: Albert G Walker
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 1 (Marcus L.)
Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9: 2 (John Randolph and Vanhorn B.)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (too old to be a child of this couple)
Free White Persons – Males – 30 thru 39: 1 (Albert G.)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 1 (Mildred Sales)
Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9: 1 (Lucy Jane)
Free White Persons – Females – 20 thru 29: 1 (Mary)
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 6
Free White Persons – Under 20: 6
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 8
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 8

Martha SIMS and Thomas J. HUDDLESTON

Johan and Mildred’s youngest daughter Martha married Thomas J. HUDDLESTON on 31 December 1835 in Kanawha County. They named their first two children after the SIMS grandparents, John and Mildred. They were living in Fayette County near other HUDDLESTON families. Thomas was engaged in manufacture and trade.

1840 U.S. Federal Census of Fayette County, Virginia for Thomas HUDDLESTON

1840 U.S. Federal Census6
Fayette County, Virginia
Page 144, line 15
Name: Thomas Huddleston
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5: 1 (John)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19: 1 (Thomas)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 5: 1 (Mildred)
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19: 1 (Martha)
Persons Employed in Manufacture and Trade: 1
Free White Persons – Under 20: 4
Total Free White Persons: 4
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 4

The 1850 U.S. Federal Census

John and Mildred appear to be raising a grandchild in 1850. Their son Lilburn was widowed before September 1848. As the 1850 census does not include the relationship to head of household further research was needed to prove William H. SIMS seen with John and Mildred was their grandson through their son Lilburn who was living next door.

1850 U.S. Federal Census of Kanawha County, Virginia for John SIMS and his son Lilburn SIMS

1850 U.S. Federal Census7:
Kanawha County, Virginia
Enumerated 6 August 1850
Sheet 22A, lines 116-18
HH #279-283
John Sims 63 M Farmer Virginia
Mildred Sims 60 F Virginia
William H. Sims 11 M attended school Virginia

Lilburn SIMS and Jane SIMS

Lilburn who was likely widowed by 1848 but a death record for his wife Juliet was not found. Jane SIMS, daughter of Edward SIMS and Hannah ROBINSON, on 21 September 1848. If the fathers of the bride and groom Edward and John, were brothers then Lilburn and Jane were first cousins. In 1850 Lilburn’s household included his wife and son as well as his parents-in-law. (see image above)

1850 U.S. Federal Census8
Kanawha County, (West) Virginia
Sheet 22A, lines 116-18
HH #280-284
Lilburn Sims 35 M Farmer Virginia
Jane Sims 25 F Virginia
Charles W. Sims 1 M Virginia
Edward Sims 64 M Virginia
Hannah Sims 60 F Virginia
Aletha Sims 27 F Virginia

Mary SIMS and Albert G. WALKER

Mary and her husband Albert’s family had increased by six children during the 1840s and the family now numbered 13. There were two other WALKER persons in the household.

In W.S. Laidley’s History of Charleston and Kanawha County, West Virginia and Representative Citizens originally published in 1911, John WALKER and Lucy KOCK were given as the parents of Albert G. WALKER. Laidley included the names of their children including a son named James H. Although I have not looked further into Albert’s siblings it appears that James H. WALKER in his household is his brother. I don’t know who Harrit may have been.

1850 U.S. Federal Census of Kanawha County, Virginia for Albert G. WALKER

1850 U.S. Federal Census9
Kanawha County, Virginia
District 29
Sheet 13B, lines 36-42
Sheet 14A, lines 1-8
HH #176-179
Albert G. Walker 45 M Farmer Virginia
Mary Walker 35 F Virginia
John R. Walker 17 M Virginia attended school
Lucy J. Walker 16 F Virginia
V. B. Walker 15 M Virginia attended school
Marcus L. Walker 12 M Virginia attended school
Mildred Walker 10 F Virginia attended school
Courtney Walker 8 F Virginia attended school
Harriet C. Walker 6 F Virginia
Mary A. Walker 5 F Virginia
Adaline Walker 3 F Virginia
Martha Walker 2 F Virginia
Drusilla 9/12 F Virginia
James H. Walker 35 M Virginia
Harrit Walker 60 F Virginia

Martha SIMS and Thomas J. HUDDLESTON

Martha and Thomas had five more children during the 1840s and by the time the 1850 census was enumerated there were seven children in the household. No occupation was listed for Thomas. The family was enumerated in the household prior to Martha’s parents John and Mildred SIMS.

1850 U.S. Federal Census of Kanawha County, Virginia for Thomas HUDDLESTON next door to John SIMS

1850 U.S. Federal Census10
Kanawha County, (West) Virginia
District 29
Sheet 22A, lines 7-15, HH #278-282
Thomas Huddleston 33 M Virginia
Martha Huddleston 26 F
Mildred Huddleston 12 Virginia attended school within the year
John Huddleston 11 M Virginia attended school within the year
Virginia Huddleston 9 F Virginia
Leah Huddleston 7 F Virginia attended school within the year
Drusilla Huddleston 4 F Virginia
Thomas Huddleston 3 M Virginia
Ellen Huddleston 1 F Virginia

The 1860 U.S. Federal Census

John’s wife Mildred died soon after the 1850 census and he remarried very soon after her death. William MARTIN who performed marriages in Kanawha and Putnam counties during the year 1850. During that year he married John SIMS and Elizabeth NEAL, widow of William LILLY. An exact date of the marriage is not given.

Elizabeth had real estate valued at $2,000 while John’s was only $80. Neither of them had a value listed in 1850.

John’s son Lilburn and his younger daughter Martha both had moved to Missouri with their families during the 1850s. They did not travel together nor did they settle in the same place.

1860 U.S. Federal Census for Kanawha County, Virginia, for John SIMS

1860 U.S. Federal Census11:
Kanawha County, Virginia
Page 69, lines 32-33, HH #485-485
John Sims 72 M farmer $80 Virginia
Elizabeth Sims 66 F $2000 Virginia

Lilburn SIMS and Jane SIMS

Lilburn and Jane moved to Cass County, Missouri with Jane’s parents and sister. They likely waited until after the birth of their second son Eugene Edward who was born in Virginia to move. Three children were born in Missouri.

1860 U.S. Federal Census of Cass County, Missouri, for Lilborn (sic) SIMS

1860 U.S. Federal Census12
Cass County, Missouri
Dolan Township, Morris Post Office
Page 105 , lines 8-14, HH #732-732
Lilborn Sims 40 M Farmer $1000 $200 Virginia
Jane Sims 28 F Virginia
Charles Sims 10 M Virginia attended school
Eugene Sims 9 M Virginia attended school
Mary Jane Sims 5 F Missouri attended school
John H. Sims 4 M Missouri
Thomas Sims 2 M Missouri
(Note: James R. Suddarth was living next door)

Mary SIMS and Albert G. WALKER

Mary and Albert had two more children bringing the total number to thirteen. Not all were living at home in 1860. A son was living in Putnam County and listed as a merchant. Two daughters had married and had their own households.

1860 U.S. Federal Census of Kanawha County, Virginia for Albert G. WALKER

1860 U.S. Federal Census13
Kanawha County, Virginia
Enumerated the 9th day of August 1860 by Wm C. Blaine
Carbonvale Post Office
Page, lines, HH #1704-1704
Albert G. Walker 56 M Farmer $2000 $400 Virginia
Mary Walker 46 F Virginia
John R. Walker 28 M Merchant $500 $1500 Virginia
Marcus L. Walker 22 M Clerk Virginia
Mildred S. Walker 18 F Virginia
Harriet E. Walker 17 F Virginia
Mary Walker 16 F Virginia
Adaline Walker 15 F Virginia attended school within the year
Martha Walker 12 F Virginia attended school within the year
Drucilla Walker 11 F Virginia attended school within the year
Calhoun Walker 9 M Virginia attended school within the year
Josaphine Walker 7 F Virginia attended school within the year

Martha SIMS and Thomas J. HUDDLESTON

Martha and Thomas had three more children, two born in Virginia and the last born in Missouri. The census listing is difficult to analyze as several members of the household are seen only with initials. One female may have been missed in 1850 (S.C.) and another may be using her middle name in 1860 (Leah Martha). Several children were not with the parents in 1860 but would be with them in 1870.

1860 U.S. Federal Census of Cooper County, Missouri for T.J. HUDDLESTON

1860 U.S. Federal Census14:
Cooper County, Missouri
Lebanon, Otterville Post Office
Page 22, lines 23-31, HH #141-141
T. J. Huddleston 45 M $0 $50 Virginia
M. Huddleston 41 F Virginia
Martha Huddleston 17 F Virginia[Leah M.??]
S. C. Huddleston 16 F Virginia[not with family in 1850; Sarah in 1870?]
D. Huddleston 14 F Virginia
Thos L. Huddleston 12 M Virginia
Lucy E. Huddleston 7 F Virginia
E. A. Huddleston 6 F Virginia
H. H. Huddleston 2 M Missouri

Before the 1870 U.S. Federal Census

John’s second wife Elizabeth NEAL died 8 April 1861. John SIMS lived to the age of eighty-two years, spending his last days in the home of his daughter Mary and her husband Albert G. WALKER. He died 15 October 1869 in Brownstown, today known as Marmet, in Kanawha County, West Virginia. The death was reported by A. G. Walker, his son-in-law, who was listed as kindred. Albert either did not know or failed to give the names of John’s parents.

Martha, the youngest of John’s children, was last seen in the 1870 census in Walshville, Montgomery County, Illinois. No trace has been found of her or her husband in 1880. Seven children were found in 1880, one child died in 1875, and the three, like their parents, were not found. If anyone has worked on this family group I would appreciate hearing from them.

Lilburn died at the age of 74 in Cass County, Missouri, in 1887 leaving a will in which he named his five sons, his oldest daughter, and the widower of his youngest daughter. He wife inherited all real estate. His son William was named in the will confirming the child with John and Mildred in 1850 was a grandson and son of Lilburn.

Mary, the last living child of John SIMS, died about 1897 at the age of 92 years in Marmet, Kanawha County, West Virginia.

The next installment will be for James and Phebe’s daughter Mary “Polly” SIMS.

© 2018, copyright Cathy Meder-Dempsey. All rights reserved.

Rewriting the Biography: John Sims in the U.S. Federal Census

  1. 1810 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), Ancestry, citing Third Census of the United States, 1810 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M252, 71 rolls, FHL 0181429, roll 69, image 395, Virginia, Kanawha, Charleston, page 119, sheet 142, line 6, Edward Sims (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 February 2018). 
  2. 1820 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), Ancestry, citing Fourth Census of the United States, 1820 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M33, 142 rolls, NARA Roll M33_142, image 34, Virginia, Kanawha, page 11, line 6, John Sims. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 February 2018). 
  3. 1830 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), <i>Ancestry</i>, citing Fifth Census of the United States, 1830 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C. NARA microfilm publication M19, 201 rolls, FHL Film 0029670, NARA Roll M19_191, Virginia, Kanawha, image 67+68 of 84, page 213A+B, line 21, John Sims. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 March 2018). 
  4. 1840 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), <i>Ancestry</i>, citing Sixth Census of the United States, 1840 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M704, 580 rolls, FHL Film 0029689, NARA Roll M704_566, Virginia, Kanawha, page 2A+B, line 30, John Sims. ‎(http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 March 2018). 
  5. Ibid., Virginia, Kanawha, image 32+33 of 129, sheet 14, line 14, Albert G. Walker household. ‎(http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 May 2018). 
  6. Ibid., Virginia, Fayette, image 11&12 of 54, sheet 144, line 15, Thomas Huddleston household. ‎(http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 18 May 2018). 
  7. 1850 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), <i>Ancestry</i>, citing Seventh Census of the United States, 1850 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration,Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M432, 1009 rolls, Roll: M432_954, image 49; Virginia, Kanawha, District 19, image 23 of 271, sheet 22A, lines 16-18, HH #279-283, John Sims household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 May 2018). 
  8. Ibid., Virginia, Kanawha, District 19, image 23 of 271, sheet 22A, lines 19-24, HH #280-284, Lilburn Sims household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 May 2018). 
  9. Ibid., Virginia, Kanawha, District 19, image 6&7 of 271, sheet 13B&14A, lines 36-42 and 1-8, HH #176-179, Albert G. Walker household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 18 May 2018). 
  10. Ibid., Virginia, Kanawha, District 19, image 23 of 271, sheet 22A, lines 7-15, HH #278-282, Thomas Huddleston household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 May 2018). 
  11. 1860 U.S. Federal Census, (index and images), Ancestry, citing Eighth Census of the United States, 1860 population schedule, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington D.C., NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls, Roll: M653_1356, FHL Film 805356, Virginia, Kanawha, image 70 of 321, page 69, lines 31-32, HH #485-485, John Sims household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 May 2018). 
  12. Ibid., Roll: M653_612, page 801; FHL Film 803612; Missouri, Cass, Dolan, image 31 of 41, page 105, lines 8-14, HH #732-732, Lilborn Sims household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 May 2018). 
  13. Ibid., Roll: M653_1356; Page: 246; FHL Film 805356; Virginia, Kanawha, image 217 of 321, page 246, lines 21-32, HH #1704-1704, Albert G. Walker household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 May 2018). 
  14. Ibid., Roll: M653_616; Page: 678; FHL Film 803616; Missouri, Cooper, Lebanon, image 12 of 54, page 22, lines 23-31, HH #141-141, T. J. Huddleston household. (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 May 2018). 

52 Ancestors: #35 Margaret KINCAID abt. 1794-abt. 1865

52ancestors“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #35 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

52 Ancestors: #35 Margaret KINCAID abt. 1794-abt. 1865

Margaret KINCAID was my four times great-grandmother. Although many family researchers have her nicknamed Peggy, I haven’t seen any document with this name and cannot bring myself to refer to her as “Peggy.” Margaret was the daughter of John KINCAID (1760-1834) and Elizabeth Hannah GILLESPIE (1760-1829). Her parents were both born the year George III became the King of England.

John KINCAID and Elizabeth Hannah GILLESPIE married on 11 February 1782 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia by John ALDERSON. This was towards the end of the American Revolutionary War (19 Apr 1775-14 Jan 1784) and in the middle of the little over one year that John served his country: 6 or 7 months from February 1781, 3 months from September 1782, and 3 months in the summer of 1783.

Court Records Prove A Lot of the Children, In-Laws and Outlaws

While visiting West Virginia in June 2007, Linda Crowder Perdue found the “micro film for the Kanawha County Court Records in which the case against John Kincaid and Matthew Kincaid for burning down the bridge across the Gauley River in July 1826 is recorded.”

Gauley River Bridge Burning (part 1)

At a Court held for Kanawha County at the court house thereof on Monday the 24th day of July 1826 for the examination of Matthew Kincaid and John Kincaid who have charged with having on the 11th of July 1826 feloniously burned the bridge across the Gauley River.

Gauley River Bridge Burning (part 2)

This wonderful find included the names of witnesses called for the defendants, Margaret’s brother Matthew and her father John, and for the Commonwealth. The persons listed, as Sarah Kincaid so aptly wrote, prove some relationships in the KINCAID family including in-laws and outlaws.

Who Were Margaret’s Siblings?

I needed help on this question. Who better to ask than Linda who found the court records. I had one or two persons who were not correct and a couple of siblings were missing. At the present time, with the research that has been done so far, this is, I believe, a reliable list although I question the estimated birth of son Samuel.

John KINCAID and Elizabeth Hannah GILLESPIE were the parents of the following children, all born in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia:

  • Sarah “Sallie” KINCAID (1783- ) born about 1782
  • Hannah KINCAID (1783- ) born about 1783
  • Matthew KINCAID (1785-1857) born about 1785
  • Samuel KINCAID (1787- ) born between 1787-1791 [or about 1802??]
  • James Gillespie KINCAID (1792-1852) born 19 December 1792
  • Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID (1793-1850) born 2 December 1793
  • Margaret “Peggy” KINCAID (1793-1865) born about 1794
  • Virginia Jane Vance KINCAID (1795-1870) born about 1795
  • Nancy KINCAID (1801-aft 1880) born about 1801
  • Magdaline “Lina” KINCAID (1806-1876) born 7 March 1806
  • Lanty KINCAID (1806- ) born 7 March 1806

Marriages of Margaret’s Siblings

In 1798 when Margaret was about four years old her two oldest sisters married, Sarah in October and Hannah in December. They appear to have been very close in age but not yet of age as their father signed permission slips for both. It is not known if they were twins like Lina and Lanty.

  • Sarah “Sallie” KINCAID married Thomas Alexander TERRY ( -1839) on 23 Oct 1798 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia
  • Hannah KINCAID married James M. WALKER on 13 December 1798 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia
  • Matthew KINCAID married Mary “Polly” MURDOCK (1788-1839) on 2 Jun 1807 in Monroe County, (West) Virginia
  • Samuel KINCAID married Elizabeth “Betsy” WALKER ( – ) 26 Apr 1809 ?? – I have a problem with this one as I found a marriage for a couple with the same names in Kanawha County on 26 September 1826. This could be a match with Samuel Kincaid b. abt. 1802 who is seen in the 1850 census in Fayette County with two children Mary and Alex. Is there a document that proves that Samuel who married Elizabeth Walker was the son of John and Elizabeth?
  • Margaret “Peggy” KINCAID married James INGRAM on 24 October  1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia
  • James Gillespie KINCAID married Mary “Molly” Magdalene TRITT (1792-1869) on 17 December 1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. No marriage record found.
  • Virginia Jane Vance KINCAID married William “Moccasin Bill” KINCAID (1787-1870) on 20 November 1810 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia
  • Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID married(1) Samuel LINEGAR (1789- ) about 1810. No marriage record found.
  • Magdaline “Lina” KINCAID married Reuben WYATT (1796-1853) on 25 June 1823 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia
  • Elizabeth “Betsey” KINCAID married(2) Squire James STURGEON (1785- ) before 1823. No marriage record found.
  • Nancy KINCAID married Thomas HUGHES (1778-1853) on 24 February 1825 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia
  • Lanty KINCAID married Nancy FLANAGAN (1802- ) on 25 December 1827 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia

Margaret’s Life With/Without James INGRAM

Margaret “Peggy” KINCAID married James INGRAM on 24 October 1809 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. She was only 15 at the time of her marriage (1850 age 56) and James, her groom, was more than twice her age, about 35 years old (1860 age 86).

In 1810 when the census was taken Margaret and James were most likely in their own household and not yet parents. Greenbrier is one of the counties that were “lost”. We see James INGRAM as head of household in the 1820, 1830, and 1840 census with his wife Margaret and children:

1820censusingram
1820 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Greenbrier [ancestry.com]. Listing: 3 males under 10 yo (James Jr., Joshua, Robert), 1 male over 45 yo (James), 1 female under 10 yo (unknown daughter), 1 female over 45 yo (Margaret, her age would be ca. 26 per 1850 census), 1 person engaged in agriculture, 6 persons in household.
1830censusingram
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Kanawha [ancestry.com]. Listing: 1 male under 5 (Matthew), 1 male 5-10 (John), 2 males 10-15 (Joshua & Robert), 1 male 15-20 (James Jr.), 1 male 50-60 (James), 1 female under 5 (Cynthia), and 1 female 40-50 (Margaret), 8 persons in household.
1840censusingram
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayett [ancestry.com]. Listing: 2 males 10-15 (Matthew & John), 1 male 15-20 (Robert), 1 male 60-70 (James), 1 female 5-10 (Ruth), 1 female 10-15 (Cynthia), 1 female 50-60 (Margaret), 7 persons in household, 2 engaged in agriculture.

Margaret’s Children

  • Ch 1: James INGRAM (1811-1835) was born about 1811 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia and died before April 1835 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. He did not marry or have children.
  • Ch 2: Joshua INGRAM (1813-1860) was born about 1813 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Joshua married Mahala C. STEELE (1823-1888) bet. 1841-1845 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. They were the parents of six children. Joshua died between 1860-1862. His widow remarried and applied for a Mexican War Pension after the death of her second husband.
  • Ch 3: [–?–] (daughter) INGRAM was born between 1811-1820 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. This child was not with the family in 1830.
  • Ch 4: Robert INGRAM (1819-1902) born about 1819 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Robert married Huldah JOHNSON (1817-1880) about 1841 in Fayette County (West) Virginia. They were the parents of seven children. He died about 1902 in Fayette County at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID, son of Margaret’s brother James Gillespie KINCAID.
  • Ch 5: John INGRAM (1820-1870) was born about 1820 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. John married(1) Lucy Jane SKAGGS (1824-1853) on 13 February 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia; married(2) Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia; and married(3) Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County, West Virginia. John had a son with his first wife and a daughter and a son with his second wife. He died after 1870 and was burried near his home on the Poca according to family tradition.
  • Ch 6: Matthew INGRAM (1824-1900) was born on 9 January 1824 in Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia. Matthew married Sarah Francis MARTIN (1834-1906) on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio. They were the parents of ten children. He died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville, Kanawha County, West Virginia, and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk District in Kanawha County.
  • Ch 7: Cynthia INGRAM (1828-1910) was born on 25 March 1828 in (West) Virginia. Cynthia married John B. “Johnny” TINCHER (1815-1890) on 23 March 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. They were the parents of six children. She died on 3 May 1910 and was buried in Carter Cemetery, Dempsey, Fayette County, West Virginia.
  • Ch 8: Ruth INGRAM (1832-1880) was born about 1832 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. Ruth married John Johnson DARLINGTON (1826-1900) on 9 January 1851 in Fayette County, (West) Virginia. They were the parents of a dozen children. She died between 1880-1900.

Other Events in the Life of Margaret

In 1826 while Margaret was raising her family, her husband James INGRAM was one of the persons who had to make a personal appearance to give evidence at the trial of his father-in-law John and his brother-in-law Matthew. They were on trial for the 11 July 1826 burning of the first bridge built across the Gauley River.

Following the trial Margaret’s sister Hannah and her husband James WALKER moved from Kanawha County in (West) Virginia to Darke County, Ohio. The move must have been soon after Hannah was a witness for the trial and before 1830. In a biographical sketch of their son-in-law Samuel LITTON we see that the WALKERs, Hannah and James, moved to Adams County, Indiana, in 1850 where they died in 1871.

Margaret’s mother Elizabeth Hannah GILLESPIE died in 1829 in Nicholas County, (West) Virginia.

Margaret’s youngest brother Lanty KINCAID, who was last seen in a land deed dated 1832, disappeared around this time. The search for him has been hampered by another Lanty KINCAID of approximately the same age who lived in Greenbrier and Fayette counties. This second Lanty left a few more records which prove that he was the son of Lancelot “Lanty” KINCAID and Catherine SCOTT.

Margaret’s father John KINCAID applied for the pension due him for his service during the Revolutionary War. He appeared in the court of Fayette County on the 15th day of  February 1834 to give his statement about service rendered. His death is not mentioned in the pension papers and is estimated at after 15 February 1834.

Margaret’s sister Elizabeth STURGEON was most likely the first of her siblings to pass away about 1850. This is assuming that her youngest brother Lanty did not die between 1832-1850.

In 1850 Margaret had her own household while her husband James INGRAM was living in the household of John TINCHER who would become his son-in-law in less than a year.

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > HH #462-462 [ancestry.com]
In the 1850s Margaret lost two brothers and a sister. James Gillespie KINCAID died on 1 July 1852 in Kincaid, Fayette County, (West) Virginia. Matthew KINCAID died after 1857, possibly in Missouri. Sarah TERRY died between 1850 and 1860.

In 1860 Margaret was not found in the census. Her children were married and had their own households. Her husband James INGRAM was listed alone in a household.  There are two family traditions concerning the deaths of Margaret and James. One being that James moved to Sissonville to live with their son Matthew after Margaret died. The other is that James died first and Margaret lived with her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. until her death several years later. The year 1865 seems to be the pivot point as Margaret’s husband James is said to have died in the fall of 1865.

Margaret’s surviving siblings were Virginia Jane Vance KINCAID who died after 1870; Hannah WALKER died in 1871 in Adams County, Indiana; Magdaline “Lina” WYATT died 21 July 1876 in Lawrence County, Ohio; and Nancy HUGHES died after the 1880 census. Her brothers Samuel and Lanty KINCAID, whose whereabouts remain a mystery (for now), may have also survived her.

© 2014 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

52 Ancestors: #34 James INGRAM, Where Did You Hide the Key?

52ancestors“The challenge: have one blog post each week devoted to a specific ancestor. It could be a story, a biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on one ancestor.”

This is entry #34 in Amy Johnson Crow’s Challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks.

52 Ancestors: #34 James INGRAM, Where Did You Hide the Key?

Oral tradition, passed on through the generations, can help our genealogy research but it can also be a hinderance. When I started my Facebook page, more than a year before I started blogging, I wrote short summaries about my brick walls. My 4-times great-grandfather James INGRAM, born between 1771-1774 in Virginia and died fall of 1865 in West Virginia, was the subject of the post I wrote in December 2012. Unfortunately no headway has been made on his parentage. One of these days I’ll find the key to open the door in the Ingram brick wall.

Speculation

Ester INGRAM (also seen as Esther and Easter) may have been the mother of my James INGRAM. She is the first INGRAM to be found in Greenbrier County Personal Property Tax Lists in 1792 suggesting that she was a widow by this time. She sold a 95 acres land grant received in 1795 in 1800 and had at least two daughters who married in Greenbrier with her permission.

  • Patience INGRAM and David STAY
    Jim Talbert of the Greenbrier Historical Society confirmed on 8 Aug 2006 there is a marriage permission slip for Patience INGRAM in the Greenbrier records. Easter INGRAM signed for “my daughter” on 19 May 1790. David STAY and John KING went bond. There was no husband of Easter named in any of these records.
  • Elizabeth INGRAM and Francis STORY
    Nancy C. Story Adkins obtained a photocopy of the original marriage bond from the Greenbrier Historical Society. Elizabeth’s mother Esther INGRAM gave permission. The couple married on 20 December 1798.

I had a slight panic attack when I was pulling this together and realized that Ester could have been the first name for a male. I checked the original land grant for the 95 acres that she sold in 1800 at the Library of Virginia and it shows that she was a female.

grant
Virginia State Land Office. Grants A-Z, 1-124, reels 42-190; Virginia State Land Office. Grants 125- , reels 369-. Mentions: Ester Ingram (grantee) assignee of James Dyche; land near Richard Humphries, John Viney and Thomas Cooper 1795. Library of Virginia. Archives.

Was Ester INGRAM the mother of our James INGRAM? Who was the husband of Ester INGRAM? Was James the brother of Nancy INGRAM (md. 1787 William SLAVEN) and Parnal INGRAM (md. 1793 Eliza Carmons) who also married in Greenbrier? Note: Nancy has been listed as the daughter of Abraham INGRAM and but without supporting evidence.

Speculation Aside, Let’s Have a Look His Life

James INGRAM is first found in Greenbrier County on a list of rangers in 1793. The Rangers militia was organized to protect the frontier and its settlers from Indians attacks. On 27 May 1793 Captain Hugh CAPERTON’s company of rangers were at Fort Lee on the Elk and Kanawha Rivers guarding the Kanawha Valley settlers near what is now Charleston, West Virginia. “Mad Anthony” WAYNE’s victory over the Indians in 1794 ended the Indian threat in what is now West Virginia.

roster
Virgil A. Lewis, M.A., State Historian and Archivist; “The Soldiery of West Virginia”, originally published 1911, reprinted for Clearfield Co.,Inc. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland 1991, 1996, 1998; pg. 131.

James INGRAM was not with rangers on 6 May 1792. Was he too young at the time?

In 1795 and 1797 James is seen in the Greenbrier County court orders:

  • 31 March 1795 – John MATHEWS vs. James INGRAM in debt
  • 1 April 1797 – Jonathan MATHEWS assee of James INGRAM vs. William GILLILAND in debt

James was on a Personal Property Tax List on 16 April 1799 in Greenbrier County with 1 tithable and 2 horses. This was the first time he was on a list. His surname was spelled INGRIM. Also on this list was a John INGRIM with 1 tithable and 1 horse. No further trace of him has been found. Was he a brother?

Taxation: Virginia began keeping records of residents’ payments of personal property and land taxes in 1782. The Library of Virginia has these on microfilm. Published abstracts of some of these can be found online. I am convinced that this may be the key to opening the doors in many of my brick walls in Virginia. Living overseas I can only hope that the full collection will someday be found on the internet. I want to be able to look at each year, study the neighbors of each ancestor, and see the things that may not have been included in the abstracts.

A month later, on 28 May 1799, James was “on jury” in Greenbrier. He was next seen on the 1803 (below) and 1805 tax lists of Greenbrier County, both times with 1 titable and 1 horse.

1803tax
Source: http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/Greenbrier/1803PersonalB/10.jpg

On 28 February 1809 John CONNER and wife Mary sold 120 acres for $1.00 to James INGRAM on Meadow River and Sewel on the ridge opposite Buffalow Lick in Greenbrier County.

Later in the year James INGRAM married Margaret KINCAID, daughter of John KINCAID and Elizabeth GILLESPIE, on 24 October 1809 in Greenbrier County. They were married by Rev. Josiah OSBURN of the Baptist church.[1]

James and Margaret were not found on the 1810 census as Greenbrier was one of the “lost” counties. He was still in the county as he is on the 1810 Personal Property List B with 1 titable:

1810tax
1810 Personal Property List B > Greenbrier County, Virginia. Source: http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/FreeSample/CDR-000484/1810/1810PersonalB/06.pdf

James and Margaret’s first child, a son James Jr., was born about 1811 most likely on the land in Greenbrier County that James bought from the CONNERs in 1809.

On 25 February 1812 James and wife Margaret sold the 120 acres that James bought in 1809 for $1.00 to Newbury STOCKTON. The land, conveyed to James INGRAM by John CONNER in 1809, was “on point of ridge that leads to Buffaloe Lick in Greenbrier County.”

During the War of 1812 (18 Jun 1812-24 Dec 1814) James and Margaret’s second son, Joshua (1813-ca.1861) was born. His birth has been estimated at about 1813 in Greenbrier. In 1815 James was on the Personal Property Tax Lists of Greenbrier with 1 tithable, 3 horses, and 5 cows. The next child, a daughter, born during the 1810s, was followed by my 3-times great-grandfather Robert (1819-1902) born about 1819 in Greenbrier.

1820censusingram
1820 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Greenbrier [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1820 census of Greenbrier County with the following persons in his household: 3 males under 10 yo (James Jr., Joshua, Robert), 1 male over 45 yo (James), 1 female under 10 yo (unknown daughter), 1 female over 45 yo (Margaret, her age would be ca. 26 per 1850 census), 1 person engaged in agriculture, 6 persons in household.

Three more children were born during the 1820s: John about 1820, Matthew on 9 January 1824, and Cynthia on 25 March 1828.

Ingram Cabin

“A century and a half ago, a pioneer cabin stood in a little valley drained by a branch that flows down from cotton Hill to New River at the Narrow Falls, opposite and slightly above the mouth of Cane Branch. The little stream was known as Ingram Branch, from the name of the family that lived in the cabin. Two surveys made there in 1829 refer to Ingram’s house, to his road leading down to the river, and to Ingram Branch, the tiny tributary of New River. Though the first name of the settler is not given, it may be suspected that this was James Ingram who married Margaret (Peggy) Kincaid, daughter of John and Elizabeth Kincaid, who settled on the opposite side of the river at Cane Branch as early as 1811, and who patented land there and at the mouth of Gauley.
Ingram apparently took no steps to secure formal title to his improvement, however, and in 1829 two residents of Kanawha Falls set up rival claims to Ingram’s improvement and to some hundreds of acres surrounding it, by reason of entries and surveys made for them in that year. The map accompanying these surveys shows the location of the Ingram house to be on the branch approximately one hundred thirty poles above its mouth. This was doubtless the first cabin in that little nook of the hills. Ingram was not a permanent settler, however. He was succeeded there by Andrew and Mary Blake, and soon after the above date, James and Margaret Ingram appeared as settlers on the upper part of Loup Creek at a branch which also came to be called Ingram Branch. There they were permanent settlers and the name has survived both as a place name and family.
Ingram, also written as Inghram and Ingraham, was originally Ingelram, a Norman-French personal name.”[2]

It is said that James probably settled on Loup Creek/Loop Creek about the same time as James KINCAID (1792-1852), brother of Margaret, or soon after. The place he selected was at the mouth of a branch three miles farther up Loup Creek/Loop Creek than Kincaid’s cabin. The branch is now called Ingram Branch. The 120-acre tract, including Ingram’s improvement, was patented by his sons, Robert and Matthew, in 1843, several years after the settlement. The move may have been in the 1820s.  Ingram Branch become part of Fayette County in 1831 when the county was formed. At the time of the 1830 census it was most likely part of Kanawha County as the family was on the census of that county.

120acres
a certain Tract of Land, containing one hundred and twenty acres: lying and being in Fayette County on Loop creek and bounded as follow, towit Beginning at a white oak and gum corner to John Kincaid, on the Left hand side of the creek & with crossing the same S6W54 poles to a sugar tree & beech corner to same and leaving S67W60 poles to two chestnut oaks on a point S88W106 poles to a white oak North 48 poles to a white oak on a ridge N19W66 poles to a maple and hickory N48 W24 poles to a maple and beech N8W (crossing the creek) 34 poles to two chestnuts on a South hillside S69E230 poles to the beginning with its appurtenances. [Virginia State Land Office. Library of Virginia. Archives]

First Ingram Child Married in 1829?

During this period of time James INGRAM and his family were the only family of this name in the area of Greenbrier, Kanawha, Monroe and Nicholas counties. I have not done a complete study of all Ingram, Ingrum, Inghram, Ingharam in the early censuses of Virginia. There were Inghram and Ingharam individuals in Lewis, Wood, Tyler, and Ohio counties. Lewis and Wood bordered on Kanawha County in 1829 (see Interactive Map of West Virginia County Formation History).

Charles WALKER married Elizabeth INGRAM on 4 August 1829 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia. No further information has been found on this marriage or couple. Was Elizabeth the unknown daughter listed in the 1820 census?

1830censusingram
1830 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Kanawha [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1830 census of Kanawha County with the following persons in his household: 1 male under 5 (Matthew), 1 male 5-10 (John), 2 males 10-15 (Joshua & Robert), 1 male 15-20 (James Jr.), 1 male 50-60 (James), 1 female under 5 (Cynthia), and
1 female 40-50 (Margaret), 8 persons in household.

James and Margaret’s youngest child Ruth was born about 1832 in Fayette County. Between 1831 and 1835, the oldest son, James Jr., died in early manhood without marrying. He is buried in the Kincaid Cemetery in Kincaid, Fayette County, West Virginia.

In 1834 James was listed as having an account with Mr. LANDCRAFT, a store owner. I discovered the September 1834 inventory and appraisement of the estate of Melitus J. Landcraft while searching through the early Will Books for Fayette County. Mr. LANDCRAFT appears to have been a merchant (goods are listed) and many of my Fayette County relatives had accounts on his books and/or notes of debts. Very helpful are several “son of” mentions following the names.

In an election held 1 April 1835 in Fayette County to determine the location of the new Court House and County Seat, “James INGRAHM” and his son “Joshua INGRAHAM” voted for Kanawha Falls.

In 1839 James INGRAM’s name appears on the Fayette County jury list.

1840censusingram
1840 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayett [ancestry.com]
James was listed in the 1840 census of Fayette County with the following persons in his household: 2 males 10-15 (Matthew & John), 1 male 15-20 (Robert), 1 male 60-70 (James), 1 female 5-10 (Ruth), 1 female 10-15 (Cynthia), 1 female 50-60 (Margaret), 7 persons in household, 2 engaged in agriculture. James’ oldest living child Joshua had his own household nearby.

Following the 1840 census James’ sons began to marry. Geraldine Dempsey Workman wrote, “….pages are missing from the Marriage book at the courthouse.” We can only assume that Robert married Huldah JOHNSON (1817-1880) about 1841 and Joshua married Mahala C. STEELE (1823-1888) bet. 1841-1845 and that their marriage records may have been on these missing pages.

According to family tradition James’ son John was the first to leave the area. He moved to the Poca River in Kanawha County before the 1850 census.

In 1850 James, age 70, a laborer, unable to read or write, is in the household of John TINCHER, a widower with three young children and his widowed mother. At the same time, Margaret INGRAM, 56, is with her/their children Ruth, 18, Matthew, 25, and Cynthia, 23 living next door to her/their son Robert. Was James boarding with the family while working aways from home? Or were James and Margaret separated?

1850censusingram
1850 U.S. Federal Census > VA > Fayette [ancestry.com]
In 1851 James INGRAM and his wife Margaret saw three of their children marrying and setting up housekeeping. On January 9, Ruth was married to John DARLINGTON, youngest son of Benjamin DARLINGTON and Mary JOHNSON, and lived at various places on Loup Creek/Loop Creek. On February 13, John married Lucy Jane SKAGGS, daughter of Joseph Preston SKAGGS and Mary LEWIS in Fayette County. On March 23, Cynthia INGRAM married John “Johnny” TINCHER, son of William and Patsy TINCHER of Loup Creek/Loop Creek.

In 1852 Matthew followed his brother John to Sissonville on the Poca River in Kanawha County. Robert bought Matthew’s interests in the 120-acre grant and became the sole owner. Matthew was the last of James’ children to marry on 20 August 1854 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Sarah Francis MARTIN, daughter of Dio Clesian MARTIN and Catherine KIDD.

James’ son John, who was widowed in the 1850s, married Delilah CRAIG (1826-1869) on 12 July 1860 in Kanawha County.

1860census
1860 U.S. Federal Census > WV > Fayette > District 4 > Rock Hill > Page 126/422 > HH # 917-864 [ancestry.com]
In 1860 James is, once again, not living with his wife Margaret. He is listed as 86 years old and a laborer living alone in between James and Eleanor BERRY and John and  Lovina GODDARD in the Rocky Hill P.O. district. Margaret may have been living at the home of her nephew James Gillespie KINCAID Jr. in Kincaid as this is where she died about 1865 according to family tradition.

James’ son Joshua died between 1860-1862. The death record has not been found however his widow Mahala C. INGRAHAM remarried on 23 August 1862 in Meigs County, Ohio, to Isaac E. LEWIS, a veteran of the Mexican War.

According to family tradition in the summer of 1865, after the death of his wife, James went to live with his son Matthew in Sissonville in Kanawha County. James may have held his youngest grandchild Absolam, son of Matthew, born 30 September 1865, in his arms before the child died on 3 October 1865. James died in the fall of 1865 at the home of his son Matthew. He is estimated to have been about 90 years old and may be buried near the Methodist Church in Sissonville but this has not been proven.

James INGRAM was survived by his sons Robert, John, and Matthew; his daughters Cynthia TINCHER and Ruth DARLINGTON, and at least 30 grandchildren and possibly a great-grandchild through his son Joshua’s eldest daughter Mary.

The family would continue to grow with a total of 42 grandchildren. Son John, once again widowed, married a third time to Mary F. LEGG (1843-1870) on 1 December 1869 in Kanawha County. He died before 1880. Daughter Ruth died before 1900. Son Matthew died on 12 July 1900 in Sissonville and was buried in Pauley Cemetery on Little Sandy in Elk Distrist in Kanawha County. Son Robert died about 1902 at the home of his cousin Preston KINCAID. And finally daughter Cynthia died on 3 May 1910 and was buried in the Carter Cemetery in Dempsey, Fayette County.

Sources:
[1] J.R. Cole, History of Greenbrier County (published 1917 in Lewisburg, West Virginia) pg. 35
[2] L. Neil Darlington, Cabins of the Loop and Environs of the Southern Half of Fayette County Virginia (Now West Virginia)” (December 1987, McClain Printing Company, Parsons, West Virginia, 1988) pg. 222-223

© 2014 Cathy Meder-Dempsey