Longuich-Kirsch is situated on the Moselle River, one of Germany’s most beautiful river landscapes. No less than nine roads lead from the old Roman road to this place founded around 100 A.D. Later, the village was governed for over 1200 years by the Trier Abbey of St. Maximin.
Longuich and Kirsch, the second being where the WOLLSCHEID-BARTHELMES family lived, are two places of Roman and Celtic origin which have grown together to form a place now known as Longuich-Kirsch. Longuich comes from the Latin longus vicus meaning long village; Kirsch, the German word for cherry, was formerly cressiacum, a Latinized Celtic word. Another interpretation of the name Longuich says it is of Celtic origin and derived from lunc-wich meaning crooked creek. The Mosel River actually curves and bends around the piece of land Longuich-Kirsch lies on.
The two yellow icons on the map above show the location of Kirsch and Longuich in relation with the Kalberger Hof (green icon) featured last week.
The WOLLSCHEID-BARTHELMES family lived in Kirsch before the two places grew together and formed what in German is known as a Doppelort, a double place or location.
Johann WOLLSCHEID (1725-1773) married Anna Maria WILLWERT (1728-1789) on 10 January 1747 in the Catholic Church St. Michael in Trier, Germany. Trier, or Treves as it is known by the French and English, claims to be the oldest city in Germany.
Johann and Anna Maria had only two known children. Both were born in Tarforst on the outskirts of Trier. Johann Peter was born in 1748 and nearly 18 years later his brother Jacob was born on 13 March 1766. I suspect more children were born to the couple. Family books for the towns in the area need to be consulted.
Little Jacob was barely eight years old when his father died on 24 April 1773. His mother died when he was 23 years old on 27 October 1789.
Johann BARTHELMES (1728-1802) married Eva BARZEN (1729-1789) before 1758. They had two sons and a daughter in 1758, 1760, and 1762 before their daughter Katharina was born on 12 July 1763 in Kirsch. Her godparents were Peter GEIBEN and Katharina BARTZEN of Kirsch, a maternal aunt. Katharina’s birth was followed by two more sons and a daughter born in 1765, 1769, and 1771. Katharina was 25 years old when her mother died on 13 February 1789.
Jacob and Katharina Marry
Jacob “Jacobus” WOLLSCHEID married Katharina BARTHELMES on 25 January 1797 in Longuich, Rheinland, Germany. Jacob was 30 and Katharina was 33. Their religious ceremony may have taken place in one of two churches. In the Kirsch Chapel, the succursal church of St. Sebastian, built in 1781 on the site of a former church built nearly 200 years before, or the St. Laurentius Parish Church built in 1771, also on the site of a former church. Both churches still stand today in [Zoom in on the yellow icons on map above for the locations of the churches.]
A little more than two years later they started their family with a son Johann Peter who was born on 7 April 1799 in Kirsch and was baptized the next day in Longuich. The father was 33 years old and the mother was going on 36.
The following year their next child, a daughter, was born in Kirsch on Christmas Eve, in a new century. Anna Maria was baptized on Christmas Day 1800 in Longuich.
A year later their second daughter Christina was born in Kirsch on 5 January 1802 and was baptized the next day in Longuich.
Katharina’s father Johann BARTHELMES was about 74 years old when Christina was born. He’d outlived his wife by more than a dozen years. But by the time winter came around that year his death was being reported by his son-in-law Jacob on 15 November 1802.
Seven months later death visited the little family once again. Their youngest, Christina, died on 2 June 1803 in Kirsch at the age of 17 months. She was buried the following day in Longuich.
For two years Johann Peter and Anna Maria were the only children of Jacob and Katharina. Then on 24 November 1805, their last child, a daughter, Katharina was born in Kirsch and baptized the following day in Longuich. Jacob was 39 years old and his wife Katharina was 42 years old.
Jacob’s only known brother Johann Peter WOLLSCHIED died 16 December 1821 in Morscheid. He left a widow and one son. Like his brother Jacob, he had also had three daughters but they all died when still young.
Exactly one year later Jacob’s wife Katharina BARTHELMES died on 16 December 1822 in Kirsch. Jacob followed her three years later on 5 January 1826. He was buried two days later on 7 January 1826. He left a son and two daughters.
The WOLLSCHEID Children
A double wedding took place on 17 January 1827, a year after the death of Jacob WOLLSCHEID. His first daughter Anna Maria married Nicolaus SCHMITT and his youngest daughter Katharina married Caspari FERGER. Both marriages took place at the church in Longuich. Katharina’s civil marriage took place the previous day. A mention of Anna Maria’s civil marriage was not found in the family books which were viewed.
After the girls’ marriages, their brother Johann Peter waited another year before marrying Angela KOCH on 7 February 1828 in Longuich.
Katharina, the youngest of the WOLLSCHEID children, gave birth to six children in ten years. Three months after giving birth to her last child she died at the age of 34 years on 23 December 1839 in Kirsch.
The only son, Johann Peter, died on 16 December 1854 in Longuich. He was the father of seven children, two of whom died young. His wife outlived him by nearly 17 years.
My children’s fourth great-grandmother Anna Maria, also known as Marianna, was the last living WOLLSCHEID child. After living with her husband Nicolaus SCHMITT on the Kalberger Hof and raising a family, she died in Osweiler, Luxembourg, at the home of her son-in-law Johann SCHWARTZ on 3 November 1857.
Two Grandsons Go to America
Jacob and Katharina’s only son Johann Peter had five children who grew to adulthood. The two youngest sons went to America a little more than a decade after their father died. Nicholas was the first to go after requesting permission to emigrate on 18 July 1865. His younger brother Paul applied on 29 May 1867 saying he would be able to live with his brother who was already in America. Paul was underage and had to have permission from three persons from his paternal and three persons from his maternal family. His application to emigrate was approved however, I have found no evidence he went or lived in America.
His older brother Nicholas who came to America a few months after the end of the Civil War enlisted in the U.S. Army in Petersburg, Virginia, with Capt. Nicodemus on Valentine’s Day 1866. He was 24 years old, a 5-foot 4-inch wagon maker with brown eyes, light hair. He was discharged three years later in Winchester, Virginia when his service expired. Less than two weeks later, on 27 February 1869, he married Johanna C. Schroeder, a widow with a six years old daughter. Nicholas, his wife, and step-daughter lived in Bloomery, Hampshire County, West Virginia in 1870. By 1880 they had settled in Dunbar, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. There were no children in their household, the 16 years old step-daughter was married and living in the area. Nicholas died in 1899 leaving his widow Johanna who lived with her daughter, son-in-law, and two granddaughters. Johanna died in 1909.
When Nicholas died the connection to America for this family ended. There may be some who would question this as the step-daughter’s death certificate suggests Nicholas Walsche was her father. Her mother is listed as Joana Roth which would have been her first married name and the surname of Ernestine’s father, John P. Roth.
Ernestine’s death certificate shows she was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Her obituary, below, gives White Front, Virginia. In the 1870 to 1940 census listings found for her, she was born in Maryland except in 1940 which has Pennsylvania. It is not the place of her birth which is important. She was born in 1863 in America and Nicholas did not apply to emigrate to America until 1865.
With this aside on the grandsons of Jacob WOLLSCHEID and Katharina BARTHELMES, I would like to end this post. It was fun getting into the U.S. records and following up on the possibility of there being WOLLSCHEID descendants of this couple still in America but the search was to no avail.
Sources:  Germany Marriages, 1558-1929 / Deutschland, Heiraten, 1558-1929, (index), FamilySearch, FHL microfilm 530,205. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J4DM-CJD : accessed 12 March 2017), Joannes Wolschie… and Anna Maria Wilwerts, married 10 Jan 1747; citing Waldrach, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany; father of bride Petri Wilwerts.  Armin Giebel, compiler, Familienbuch Standesamt Ruwer-Waldrach, (Stand: Sept. 2016), page 3991, family 20387. Wollscheid-Willwertz family group.  Ibid., page 83, family 310. Barthelmes-Barzen family group.  Ibid., page 3996, family 20406. Wollscheid-Barthelmes family group.  Ibid., page 3994-3995, family 20400. Wollscheid-Dehen family group.  Germany Marriages, 1558-1929, FHL microfilm 469,141. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J4FC-TYK : accessed 1 August 2015), Nicolaus Schmidt and Maria Anna Wolschett, married 17 Jan 1827, parents of groom Friderici Schmidt and Elisabethae Plein, parents of bride Jacobi Wolschett and Catharinae Barthelmaes; citing Longuich, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany.  Ibid., (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J4FC-TY6 : accessed 10 March 2017), Casparus Ferger and Catharina Wolschet, married 17 Jan 1827 in Longuich, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany; parents of groom Matthiae Ferger and Gertrudis Biver; parents of bride Jacobi Wolschet and Catharinae Barthelmaes.  Ibid., (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J4FC-TBT : accessed 10 March 2017), Joannes Wollscheid and Angela Koch, married 07 Feb 1828; parents of groom Jacobi Wollscheid and Cath. Barthelmes; parents of bride Joannis Petri Koch and Barbarae Horsch.  Germany Deaths and Burials, 1582-1958 / Deutschland Tote und Beerdigungen, 1582-1958, (index), FamilySearch, FHL microfilm 469,141. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J4MS-JPY : 28 November 2014), Catharina Wolscheid Ferger; age 44; died 23 Dec 1839 in Longuich, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany; buried 26 Dec 1839; marital status married; spouse Caspari Ferger.  Germany Deaths and Burials, 1582-1958. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J4MS-VJ4 : accessed 15 March 2017), Petrus Wollscheid; died 16 Dec 1854 in Longuich, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany; age 55; marital status married; spouse Angelae Coch.  Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Rosport > Décès 1853-1891 > image 52 of 510. 1857 Death Record No. 24. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-DYJ3-VZ7?cc=1709358&wc=9RY9-16X%3A130314401%2C130472201 : accessed 13 March 2017).  Armin Giebel, Ortsfamilienbuch des StA Longuich bis Okt. 1931 (June 2013), page 2378-2379, family 11530. Wollscheid-Koch family group.  Register of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M233, 81 rolls); Records of the Adjutant General’s Office, 1780’s-1917, Record Group 94; National Archives, Washington, D.C. Ancestry.com : accessed 15 March 2017  Virginia Marriages, 1785-1940, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:X51K-SYN : accessed 16 March 2017), Jno. P. Wollscheid in entry for …id…olar Wollscheid and Johanna Schraider, 27 Feb 1869; citing Winchester, Frederick, Virginia, reference 106; FHL microfilm 2,048,496.  Find A Grave Memorial# 100851368, Find A Grave (https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=100851368 : accessed 16 March 2017)  Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906-1964, database, Ancestry.com : accessed 17 March 2017.
Kalberger Hof is a farm just 1 kilometer northwest of Erlenbach near Hetzerath in Germany. On the map below, it’s location is marked with a little house icon in a green circle. This is about 50 kilometers (31 miles) from Echternach where I live.
The farm was first mentioned in documents in 1409 when Heinrich Muil von der Neuerburg, declared he had signed over to his wife Metzen an annual pension of 50 florins on half of the villages of Zemmer, Gransdorf, and Rodenerden, the estate of Kallberg, and other estates belonging to the Abbey of Echternach. Lease agreements for the years 1533 and 1541 and 1547 document the farm’s ownership and administrators. After the death of Jakob von Rheineck in 1541 the farm went to his son-in-law Johann von Warsberg.
Until the middle of the 17th century, Kalberg consisted of one household. Towards the end of the 17th century, the farm was apparently divided and a second farm, Emmerichs Hof, was established. Three generations of the SCHMITT family leased Kalberger Hof over a period of nearly 100 years.
Philipp SCHMITT, the father of Friedrich (featured later in this post), administered the Kalberger Hof from 1748 until his death. In 1769, Johann SCHMITT, his oldest son, was given the stock of the Kalberger Hof and the Emmerichs Hof to manage for nine years. Philipp died in 1783; his son Johann died six years later. The widow Appolonia MATHES (or MATTES) administered the farm from 1789 until 1796. Her son Friedrich SCHMITT, the then oldest living son, took over the farm in 1796 until his death in 1829. After his death, Kalberger Hof continued to be managed by his widow, Maria Elisabeth PLEIN, and their oldest son. In 1842 Nikolaus SCHMITT and his mother, the widow of Friederich SCHMITT, paid taxes to the parish. The charges were calculated in bushels and pecks, in old fruit dimensions for cereals and potatoes, and in hundredweight and pounds for straw. The level of these charges was calculated from the total tax revenues of individual persons. In 1855 the Kalberger Hof had one residential building and 15 inhabitants. In the years 1845-1848, the present house and the stable were built.
From 1844 to 1917 there is a gap in the list of names of the persons who were managing Kalberger Hof per the research of Thomas Eifel seen under Kalberger Hof on his website Heckenmünster. On 30 July 2011 I received permission from Mr. Eifel to include his article (in German) with source citation on the farm in my database. I would not have been able to write the history of Kalberger Hof during the time the SCHMITT family managed it without his research.
The SCHMITT-PLEIN Family
Philipp SCHMITT and his wife Appolonia MATTES were my children’s 6th great-grandparents. My children descend from the second son Friedrich featured here with his wife and children.
Friedrich “Fridericus” SCHMITT was born,,,, about 19 June 1761 on Kalberger Hof, Burgermeisterei Heidweiler, Kreis Wittlich, Preußen (Germany). The son of Philipp SCHMITT and Appolonia MATTES was baptized the same day in Heidweiler, the closest (parish) town to the farm his parents managed. He died,,, on 5 March 1829 on Kalberger Hof.
Friedrich married,,,, , Maria Elisabeth PLEIN, daughter of Matthias PLEIN and Margaretha VALERIUS, on 8 June 1790 in Heidweiler. Maria was born,,, on 2 November 1766 in Niersbach (Bernkastel-Wittlich, Germany). She was baptized the same day in Arrenrath. Her godparents were Maria Elis. WEBER and Nik. HEGENER from Niersbach. She died,,, on 22 January 1845 on Kalberger Hof.
Friedrich and Maria had the following children:
Appolonia was born about 8 July 1791 on Kalberger Hof. She was baptized on 8 July 1791 in Heidweiler. She married ,Johann THIELEN on 4 February 1812 in Hetzerath (Wittlich, Germany).
Nicolaus was born about 28 April 1793 on Kalberger Hof. He was baptized on 28 April 1793 in Heidweiler. It is possible this child died before 12 July 1795 when the next son was born and named Nicolaus at baptism.
Nicolaus “Nicolas” was born,, on 11 July 1795 on Kalberger Hof. He was baptized on 12 July 1795 in Heidweiler. He died,,, on 17 October 1852 on Kalberger Hof. Nicolaus was seen on a tax list in 1842 on Kalberger Hof as seen in the narrative below. He married,,Anna Maria “Marianna” WOLLSCHEID, daughter of Jacobus “Jacobi” WOLLSCHEID and Catharine BARTHELMES, on 17 January 1827 in Longuich (Trier-Saarburg). Anna was born on 24 December 1800 in Kirsch (Longuich). She was baptized on 25 December 1800 in Longuich. She died,, on 3 November 1857 in Osweiler (Rosport, Luxembourg). Nicolas and Anna Maria were my children’s 4th great-grandparents.
Anna Margaretha was born about 20 October 1798 on Kalberger Hof. She was baptized on 20 October 1798 in Heidweiler. She marriedChristophorus “Christof” LOOS (1803-1850), son of Jakob LOHR and Margaretha SCHUSTER, on 2 February 1826 in Salmrohr (Germany).
Catharina was born about 17 May 1801 on Kalberger Hof. She was baptized on 17 May 1801 in Heidweiler. She marriedJacobKREMER on 9 July 1830 in Heidweiler.
Anna was born about 12 December 1803 on Kalberger Hof. She was baptized on 12 December 1803 in Heidweiler.
Elisabetha was born about 14 October 1807 on Kalberger Hof. She was baptized on 14 October 1807 in Heidweiler. She marriedHeinrichBRAND on 28 February 1832 in Dudeldorf.
Maria was born on 25 November 1809 on Kalberger Hof. She died two days later, on 27 November 1809, on Kalberger Hof.
Maria Elisabeth PLEIN died in 1845. Friedrich, who died in 1829, and Maria Elisabeth’s daughters Appolonia, Anna Margaretha, Catharina, and Elisabetha married and left the family farm. Nikolaus, the only known son to have lived to adulthood, remained on the farm until his death in 1852. His widow Anna Maria WOLLSCHEID moved to the Diesburger Hof (Ferschweiler) before January 1855 and then to Osweiler before December 1855 where she lived with her daughter Catharina and son-in-law Johann SCHWARTZ until her death in November 1857.
Sources: 1 Richard Schaffner, Familienbuch der Pfarrei St. Alexius Arenrath und Niersbach etwa 1658-1905, 2006-2008, page 207, family 1056. Schmitt-Plein family. 2 Armin Giebel, Ortsfamilienbuch des StA Longuich bis Okt. 1931 (June 2013), page 1799, family 8740. Schmitt-Plein family. 3 Albert Schwickert, Familienbuch Heidweiler 1709-1805 Orte: Dodenburg Greverath Münster (heute: Heckenmünster) Heidweiler, 1994, pages 523-524. Book viewed and pages photographed in Archiv Peter Daus (Wittlich) on 4 May 2013. Mathias Plein and Magaretha Valerius family. 4 Ibid., page 586. Friedrich Schmitz and Maria Elisabeth Plein family; KB 2/2. 5 Ibid., page [unknown]. Philipp Schmitz and Apollonia Mattes entry; church register 2, page 2. 6 Germany Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898 / Deutschland Geburten und Taufen, 1558-1898, (index), FamilySearch, FHL microfilm 846,155. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NX5H-D9Z : accessed 1 August 2015), Fridericus Schmitz, baptized 19 Jun 1761, father Philippi Schmitz, mother Appollonia; citing Catholic records of Heidweiler, Rheinland, Prussia. 7Familienbuch Heidweiler, page 586. Friedrich Schmitz and Maria Elisabeth Plein family; Civil register 1829, record 20. 8 Ibid., page [unknown]. Philipp Schmitz and Apollonia Mattes entry; civil register 1829, record 20. 9 Germany Marriages, 1558-1929, FHL microfilm 849,155. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JHVR-KPF : accessed 26 December 2014), Fridericus Schmitz and Elisabetha Plein, 08 Jun 1790; citing Katholisch, Heidweiler, Rheinland, Prussia. 10Familienbuch Heidweiler, page [unknown]. Philipp Schmitz and Apollonia Mattes entry; church register 2, page 133. 11 Ibid., page 586. Friedrich Schmitz and Maria Elisabeth Plein family; Church Register 2/133. 12 Ibid., page 586. Friedrich Schmitz and Maria Elisabeth Plein family; Arenrath Church Book 3, page 109. 13 Germany Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898, FHL microfilm 849,147. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VH9L-XWV : accessed 1 August 2015), Maria Elisabetha Plein, baptized 02 Nov 1766, father Mathias Plein, mother Margarita; citing Roman Catholic records of Arrenrath, Rheinland, Prussia. 14Familienbuch Heidweiler, page 586. Friedrich Schmitz and Maria Elisabeth Plein family; Civil Register Heidweiler 3/1845. 15 Ibid., page 586. Friedrich Schmitz and Maria Elisabeth Plein family. 16 Germany Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898, FHL microfilm 585,850. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NKDV-DL6 : accessed 1 August 2015), Apolloniae Schmitz, baptized 8 Jul 1791, father Friderici Schmitz, mother Elisabethae; citing Catholic records of Heidweiler, Rheinland. 17 Germany Marriages 1558-1929, FHL microfilm 584,862. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JHH7-47F : accessed 1 August 2015), Joannem Thielen and Apollonia Schmit, married 04 Feb 1812; citing Katholisch, Hetzerath Wittlich, Rheinland, Prussia. 18 Germany Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898, FHL microfilm 585,850. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N6SN-GP1 : accessed 1 August 2015), Nicolaus Schmit, baptized 28 Apr 1793, father Friderici Schmit, mother Elisabethae; citing Catholic records of Heidweiler, Rheinland. 19Familienbuch Longuich, page 1812, family 8792. Nikolaus Schmitt and Marianna Wollscheid. 20 Germany Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898, FHL microfilm 846,155. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NTXK-T6X : accessed 1 August 2015), Nicolaus Schmid, baptized 12 Jul 1795, father Friderici Schmid, mother Elisabetha Plein; citing Catholic records of Heidweiler, Rheinland. 21 Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1662-1941 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Rosport > Naissances 1889-1890 Mariages 1797-1890 Décès 1797-1853 > image 643 of 1410. 1855 Marriage Record No. 2. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11613-10947-44?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L6L:n1038283664 : accessed 02 Apr 2013). 22 Luxembourg Civil Records, Echternach > Mariages 1809 > image 1067 of 1462. 1860 Marriage Record No. 10. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11670-167828-84?cc=1709358&wc=9RYS-C68:129623201,129776101 : accessed 28 July 2011). 23 Luxembourg Civil Records, Echternach > Mariages 1809 > image 1154 of 1462. 1866 Marriage Record No. 2. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11670-166074-78?cc=1709358&wc=9RYS-C68:129623201,129776101 : accessed 28 July 2011). 24 Germany Marriages 1558-1929, FHL microfilm 469,141. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J4FC-TYK : accessed 1 August 2015), Nicolaus Schmidt and Maria Anna Wolschett, married 17 Jan 1827, parents of groom Friderici Schmidt and Elisabethae Plein, parents of bride Jacobi Wolschett and Catharinae Barthelmaes; citing Longuich, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany. 25 Germany Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898, FHL microfilm 469,141. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NC1V-N84 : accessed 28 July 2015), Maria Anna Wolschett, baptized 25 Dec 1800, father Jacobi Wolschett, mother Catharinae Barthelmaes; citing Longuich, Rheinland, Preußen, Germany. 26 Luxembourg Civil Records, Rosport > Décès 1853-1891 > image 52 of 510. 1857 Death Record No. 24. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11627-97505-85?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L62:1818144340 : accessed 05 Apr 2013). 27 Germany Births and Baptisms, 1558-1898, FHL microfilm 584,863. (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N6SR-66X : accessed 1 August 2015), Anna Margaretha Schmitz, baptized 20 Oct 1798, father Friderici Schmitz, mother Elisabethae Plein; citing Catholic records of Heidweiler, Rheinland. 28 Ibid., (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:N6SR-63X : accessed 1 August 2015), Catharina Schmiz, baptized 17 May 1801, father Friderici Schmiz, mother Elisabethae Plein; citing Catholic records of Heidweiler, Rheinland. 29 Ibid., (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NPN7-Q2L : accessed 1 August 2015), Anna Schmiz, baptized 12 Dec 1803, father Friderici Schmiz, mother Elisabethae Plein; citing Catholic records of Heidweiler, Rheinland. 30 Ibid., (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NKDG-G3X : accessed 1 August 2015), Elisabetha Schmit, baptized 14 Oct 1807, father Friderici Schmit, mother Elisabethae Plein; citing Catholic records of Heidweiler, Rheinland.
Week 31 (July 30-August 5) – Easy:We ended July with “Challenging,” so it seems fitting to begin August with “Easy.” Which ancestor has been pretty easy to research? (Come on, there has to be one!)
Easy peasy, easy peasy. This has been going around and around in my mind while reviewing the SCHMITT-WOLLSCHEID family. This family was not always easy to research. Not only is SCHMITT a common name in Germany, it was spelled many different ways in the records found: Schmitt, Schmidt, Schmit, Schmid, Schmiz, Schmitz. But I’m getting ahead of myself. Before I found these records there was a moment in this researcher’s life when everything fell into place without any effort on my part.
Early in 2011 I discovered Geneanet, a favorite of European genealogists. Since my GEDCOM file was too large to upload I decided to prune the tree and upload only the European branches. Not long after I had things in place I began getting messages from people who found connections.
Although my uploading to Geneanet wasn’t meant to be cousin bait, I reeled in a key to open the door in my brick wall. Fabienne, a French lady, recognized the names SCHMITT and WOLLSCHEID and their place of residence. The family wasn’t very large at the time. It consisted of Nicolas SCHMITT, his wife Anna Maria WOLLSCHEID, and their daughter Catharina who married Johann SCHWARTZ. As far as I knew Catharina was their only child and her grandparents were unknown. The little I knew about the family was found in Catharina and Johann’s marriage record.
Fabienne is a 3rd great-granddaughter of the SCHMITT-WOLLSCHEID couple through their son Jakob making her my husband’s 4th cousin. After she told me Jakob married in Echternach, things fell into place. His marriage record gave the complete location of his birth – Kalberger Hof, Burgermeisterei Heidweiler, Kreis Wittlich.
A new search for Kalberger Hof turned up Heckenmünster, the homepage of Thomas Eifel, with the history of Kalbergerhof from 1409 to present, including the time period it belonged to the SCHMITT family, nearly 100 years from 1748-1844:
1748 – 1783 Philipp Schmitt (died 1784)
1769 – 1798 Johann Schmitt (1754-1789, first son of Philipp)
1789 – 1796 Appolonia Schmitt geb. Mathes (widow of Philipp)
1796 – 1811 Friedrich Schmitt (1761-1829, second son of Philipp)
1841 – 1844 Nikolaus Schmitt (1795-1852, son of Friederich)
I immediately acquired permission from Thomas Eifel on 30 July 2011 to use the article in my family tree notes as long as I linked back to his site.
After learning the family came from the Heidweiler area, I searched the following databases and was able to fill in two generations back for the family:
Several years have since passed. With the information found in Family Books (FB) of the towns of Longuich, Arenrath, and Heidweiler, I’ve been able to increase the once three person family group to 4-7 generations.
I viewed the Heidweiler FB when I visited Peter Daus’ private library in Wittlich in 2013 and photographed the pages with the family groups of Philipp SCHMITZ and his son Friederich SCHMITZ. I didn’t have enough time to look closely at the information and cannot remember if I noticed the remark about Friederich’s children being found under SCHMITT in the book. Most likely not as I didn’t get a photograph of the page with Nicolas SCHMITT and Anna Maria WOLLSCHEID’s family group. [To-do: Get the information from the Heidweiler FB on the Schmitt-Wollscheid couple AND check if there are family groups listed for their children.]
The SCHMITT-WOLLSCHEID Family
Nicolaus “Nicolas” SCHMITT was born on Kalberger Hof in the commune of Heidweiler, Wittlich, Rhineland, Germany, to Fridericus “Friederich” SCHMITT (1761-1829) and Maria Elisabeth PLEIN (1766-1845). He was baptized on 12 July 1795 in the Catholic church of Heidweiler. He was one of eight children. A brother, also named Nicolas, may have died before the younger Nicolas’ birth. The six other siblings were all sisters.
Anna Maria WOLLSCHEID was born on 24 December 1800 in Kirsch, Longuich, Trier-Saarburg, Rhineland. She was the daughter of Jacobus “Jacobi” WOLLSCHEID (1766-1826) and Catharine BARTHELMES (1763-1822) and baptized on 25 December 1800 in the Catholic church in Longuich.
Nicolas married Anna Maria on 17 January 1827 in Longuich. Anna Maria’s parents were both deceased at the time of the marriage. Nicolas and Anna Maria were the parents of 4 known children. [The Heidweiler FB, on my to-do list, may have more information.]
Ch 1: Friedrich SCHMITT (1827-1904) born 3 December 1827 on Kalberger Hof
Ch 2: Nicolas SCHMITT (1828- ) born abt. November 1828. Nicolas was in the household of Johann SCHWARTZ and his wife Catharina SCHMITT in 1864. He was listed as 35 years and one month and the brother of Catharina. No further information has been found on this child.
Ch 3: Catharina SCHMITT (1829-1910) born 14 June 1829 on Kalberger Hof
Ch 4: Jakob SCHMITT (1836-1885) born 7 March 1836 on Kalberger Hof
The number of years between the birth Catharina and Jakob make me wonder if there were more children. Also the child Nicolas may have been younger than indicated on the 1864 census as the estimated month and year of birth, calculated from the age seen on the census, is cutting it way too close. I wonder if perhaps it was Jakob who was in the SCHWARTZ household and his father’s name was written instead of his.
While proofreading I realized the children Friedrich, Catharina, and Jakob were named after their grandparents.
Nicolas and Anna Maria were married a little over two years when Nicolas’ father Fridericus “Friederich” SCHMITT died on 5 March 1829 on Kalberger Hof. Nicolas, being the only son, most likely shared the management of the farm with his mother Maria Elisabeth PLEIN until her death on 22 January 1845 on Kalberger Hof. Seven years later Nicolaus “Nicolas” SCHMITT died 17 October 1852 on Kalberger Hof.,, His three oldest known children were in their early twenties and his youngest son Jakob was 16. The list of men who managed the Kalberger Hof is incomplete and it is not known how long the farm remained in the hands of the SCHMITT family.
The marriage record of Nicolas and Anna Maria’s only known daughter Catharina on 27 January 1855 in Rosport to Johann SCHWARTZ (1823-1898) included information on the residence of Anna Maria WOLLSCHEID in January 1855. She and her daughter Catharina lived in Dieschburg. The marriage banns were read in Rosport and Echternacherbrück, a German town across the Sauer River from Echternach. The banns being read in Echternacherbrück and the residence of the bride and the mother of bride being in the area could mean they lived on Diesburgerhof near Ferschweiler. This was about 40 km west of Kalberger Hof.
By the end of the year Anna Maria was living with her daughter Catharina, her son-in-law Johann and his father Mathias SCHWARTZ. Her age on the 1855 census was off by 15 years and she was seen as the mother-in-law of Mathias instead of Johann. Mathias’ mother-in-law died in 1815 and he did not remarry. Anna Maria WOLLSCHEID died 3 November 1857 in Osweiler at the home of her son-in-law Johann SCHWARTZ.
Following the death of Nicolas SCHMITT little is known of his son Friedrich SCHMITT until he married Elisabetha THILL (1832-1904) on 23 April 1860 in Echternach. The marriage record includes a notation concerning two children born to the couple before their marriage, a daughter in 1858 and a son in 1860, a month before the marriage. Elisabeth’s father’s whereabouts were unknown and her mother was deceased. None of the four witnesses appear to have been relatives and none of Friederich’s family appeared to be present.
On the 3 December 1864 census for Osweiler a previously unknown son of the SCHMITT-WOLLSCHEID couple showed up in the household of Johann SCHWARTZ and Catharina SCHMITT. Nicolas SCHMITT, 35 years and one month, was listed as Catharina’s brother.
The youngest son of Nicolas and Anna Maria, Jakob SCHMITT, married Anna Maria WEBER (1835- ) on 1 February 1866 in Echternach. None of the witnesses were related to the bridal couple. It was this marriage record, shared with me by Fabienne, which helped me to locate the death record of the mother of this family Anna Maria as her date and place of death were included.
The youngest son of this family, Jakob SCHMITT died 13 January 1885 in Echternach at the age of 48. Nearly twenty years later his brother Friedrich SCHMITT died on 7 February 1904 in Echternach at the age of 76. The only known daughter Catharina SCHMITT died on 1 December 1910 in Osweiler at the age of 81 years.
Another Cousin is Found
Fabienne told me she had a first cousin once removed living in my hometown of Echternach. Her cousin Josette’s mother was [surprisingly] a SCHWARTZ, a granddaughter of Catharina SCHMITT and Johann SCHWARTZ. This makes her my husband’s 2C1R and 3C1R as both her mother and her father descend from Nicolas SCHMITT and Anna Maria WOLLSCHEID. Fabienne and her husband visited Josette and her husband in Echternach and, while here, the four of them stopped by our house to spend some time with us talking about the family relationships. We were actually already acquainted with Josette and her husband.
Since making the connection with Fabienne through Geneanet I’ve taken down my GEDCOM file from the site. It was too much trouble to upload a partial file whenever I made changes to the database. Even a ZIP file of my database is twice the permitted size. Maybe other researchers who use the site can give me tips on how to work around this.
How many opportunities am I missing to bait more cousins by only having my family tree online at RootsWeb’s WorldConnect?
This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.
Week 16 (April 16-22) – Live Long.Time to feature a long-lived ancestor. Any centenarians in the family?
Hélène FASSBENDER-SCHWARTZ, a granddaughter of Johann SCHWARTZ and Catharina SCHMITT was a centenarian and the longest living person in this family. Hélène was born on 22 October 1909 in Osweiler in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg to Nicolas SCHWARTZ and Maria WEILAND. She married Adolf “Adolphe” FASSBENDER with whom she had one daughter. Adolf passed away at the age of 33 years in 1942. Sixty years later on 11 February 2012 Hélène passed away at the age of 102 years, 3 months, and 20 days. Her unexpected death followed a fall from which she did not recover. At the time of her death she was the second oldest member of L’Amiperas Ettelbréck (a club for elderly, retired, and solitary persons). She was an active committee member until the age of 97. She played cards twice a week with her friends at the club meetings and she did not like to lose.
The SCHWARTZ-SCHMITT Family
My husband’s 2nd great-grandfather Johann SCHWARTZ was born on 10 March 1823 in Osweiler to Mathias SCHWARTZ and his wife Anna TRIERWEILER. This date was found on his 1855 marriage record.
I haven’t been able to locate the birth record online at FamilySearch in the Luxembourg, Civil Registration, 1662-1941 collection. At one time they listed town/hamlet names in this browse only collection but during rework of the collection these were combined into the commune/municipality level. I have a birth record from 1821 for his older brother Hari that I downloaded on 22 May 2011. At the time I failed to include the link or the browse path. Links at FamilySearch are not supposed to change so if I’d have had the foresight to note this at the time I might not be sitting here pulling my hair and trying to locate the record. I sent an email to the support team at FamilySearch and hope that they may have a solution for the issue. Lesson learned: Since I began blogging I’ve been more careful about citing sources correctly but the dozen years of research from pre-blogging era still have sources that need to be corrected and/or updated.
My husband’s 2nd great-grandmother Catharina SCHMITT was born on 14 June 1829 in Kalberger Hof, Burgermeisterei Heidweiler, Kreis Wittlich, Preussen (Germany) to Nicolaus SCHMITT and his wife Anna Maria WOLLSCHEID. Once again I must rely on the birth information given in the 1855 marriage record as I am not familiar with where to find the German records.
Johann SCHWARTZ married Catharina SCHMITT on 27 January 1855 in Rosport, Grand Duché de Luxembourg. Present at the wedding were Johann’s widowed father Mathias who declared that he could not write and did not sign the marriage record, his brother Christophe, and Catharina’s widowed mother. The three other witnesses were not related to the bridal couple.
Johann and Catharina’s first child Maria SCHWARTZ (1855-1859) was born six months later on 28 July 1855 in Osweiler.
Johann, Catharina, and their daughter Maria were living with his parents and his paternal grandmother – a four generation household – when the census was taken on 3 December 1855 in Osweiler.
When the next census was taken on 3 December 1858 Johann, Catharina, and Maria were living in a house called “Millesch” in Osweiler. Catharina was very pregnant with her next child Anna SCHWARTZ (1858-1860) who was born on 12 December 1858 in Osweiler.
When Anna was nine months old her older sister Maria, age 4, died on 8 September 1859 in Osweiler. Four months later on 11 January 1860 Anna, age 1, died in Osweiler.
Following the deaths of their daughters, Johann and Catharina were childless until their first son was born. Heinrich SCHWARTZ (1861-1935) was born on 25 May 1861 in Osweiler.
On 3 December 1861 when the census was taken Johann and Catharina were enumerated in their own household with their son Heinrich. Their names were listed as Jean, Catherine and Henri.
Little Henri’s brother Peter SCHWARTZ (1863-1866) was born 27 April 1863 in Osweiler. He was seen as Pierre when the family was once again enumerated on the census on 3 December 1864. The family was made up of father, mother, two sons and Nicolas SCHMITT, a brother of Catharina SCHMITT.
A third son, Johannes SCHWARTZ (1866-1920), was born on 26 January 1866 in Osweiler. Ten months later his brother Peter, age 3, died on 10 November 1866 in Osweiler.
By the time that the census was taken on 3 December 1867, Johann and Catharina had had five children but only two were still living, Heinrich and Johann. Catharina was pregnant with her sixth child. On 23 July 1868 son Nicolas SCHWARTZ (1868-1946) was born in Osweiler.
The family must have been relieved when the next census was taken on 1 December 1871 and they could list their three sons: Heinrich, Johann, and Nikolaus., , 
Soon after the 1871 census Catharina was once again pregnant. Her daughter Maria SCHWARTZ (1872-?) was born on 13 October 1872 in Osweiler.
Johann and Catharina had three children living at home on 1 December 1875., ,  Their oldest son Heinrich was living with the SCHOMER-MARX family a few houses away and working as a Knecht or farmhand., , 
By 1 December 1880 all of Johann and Catharina’s sons were likely working and living with other families as only daughter Maria was seen with her parents in Osweiler., , 
Heinrich and Johann were once again living at home with their parents and sister Maria on 1 December 1885. Only their younger brother Nicolas was missing and probably working and living with another family., , 
On 1 February 1887 this tight-knit family was seen together again on the census. The three sons were now 25, 21, and 18 years old. Maria was 14., , 
Johann and Catharina’s oldest son Heinrich was missing from the 1 December 1890 census. Sons Johann and Nicolas were living at home. Daughter Maria is noted as living and working in Paris for the past 13 months., , 
A year later the first of Johann and Catharina’s children finally married. Their son Johann, age 25, married Margaritha GORGES (1868-1938) on 24 August 1891 in a civil ceremony in Rosport. It is very likely that they also married in a religious ceremony in the Catholic church in Osweiler.
Son Johann may have taken over the family home as he was seen as the head of household on 1 Dec 1895 in Osweiler. In his household were his wife and their four children, his parents and his younger brother Nicolas. On the back of the census page it is noted that his sister Maria had been living and working in Trier, Germany, for the past 6 months. Also his brother Heinrich had been living and working in America for the past five years. This is very likely the answer to the question of where Heinrich was when the 1890 census was taken., , 
Johann SCHWARTZ, the father of this family, died on 13 February 1898 at 12:30 p.m. at his home in Osweiler. His son Johann was the informant.
Two years later in Rosport the youngest son of this family, Nicolas, married Maria WEILAND on 14 May 1900. Nicolas and Maria had a 2 1/2 years old son who was legitimized at the time of their marriage.
Heinrich, the oldest son of this family, had returned from America and married Margaretha “Marie” SCHULER (1876-aft. 1935) on 20 November 1900.
When the time came for the census on 1 December 1900 all of the sons of this family were married and living on their own. The mother Catharina was living with her middle son Johann, her daughter-in-law, and their children, her seven grandchildren., , 
The daughter Maria has not been located after 1895. In 1890 she was living in Paris and in 1895 in Trier. Was she married by 1900 and perhaps no longer living in Luxembourg?
The sons of Johann and Catharina had many children who, for the most part, lived to adult age. Heinrich had 11, Johann had 12, and Nicolas had at least 8.
Nicolas’ daughter Hélène, who would later be the centenarian of this family, was a little over a year old when her paternal grandmother Catharina SCHMITT died on 1 December 1910 in Osweiler.
Ten years later Johann SCHWARTZ died on 4 January 1920 in Osweiler at the age of 53. His brother Nicolas was the informant on 5 January 1920 in Rosport.
Another fifteen years later Heinrich SCHWARTZ died on 7 May 1935 in Osweiler at the age of 73.
The last living child of this family, Hélène’s father Nicolas SCHWARTZ, died on 16 March 1946 in Echternach at the age of 77.
This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge: 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.