Introducing the Slave Name Roll Project

My series of posts for Black History Month on the slaves owned by my 5th
great-grandfather James SIMS 1754-1845 gave Schalene Jennings Dagutis of
Tangled Roots and Trees the wonderful idea of creating a Slave Name Roll Project.

Please read her post Introducing the Slave Name Roll Project for more information.

True's statement

My series of posts:

Black History Month: The Slaves of James SIMS, Part 1
Black History Month: The Slaves of James SIMS, Part 2
Black History Month: The Slaves of James SIMS, Part 3

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Posted in Brick Walls | Tagged , | 2 Comments

Black History Month: The Slaves of James SIMS, Part 3

Celebrating Black History Month – I did not want February to end without giving recognition to African-Americans in the United States. I hope that by sharing this information I may help someone open the door to their African-American brick wall.

If you missed the first installments, here are Part 1 and Part 2.

Isaac Sims, a Free Man

As seen in the petition drawn up and signed by the residents of Nicholas County, Isaac Sims was considered trustworthy and industrious. He was allowed to reside in Nicholas County where he remained until his death.

Several newspaper articles have been written about Isaac Sims. Some of the information in these articles may have been word of mouth or the storyteller laid it on thick.

Isaac Place On Gauley Settled By Old Slave, a newspaper clipping that was shared with me, does not have a date or name of the newspaper. I believed that it was written before 1951 as it was clipped by Edward Sims (1878-1953), a great-great-grandson of James Sims.  Similar information was found in several articles written by Clarence Shirley Donnelly (1895-1982) in his daily column “Yesterday and Today” for the Beckley Post-Herald.

As the wording of the first article was so similar to Mr. Donnelly’s later writings I searched again for the original source of the information. And I found the same article with a slightly different title, History of “Isaac Place” – A Bit of Pioneer History Relating to Slavery. It was contributed (unknown date) to the Nicholas Republican by A. J. Legg and reprinted in the Raleigh Herald on 4 February 1916. The Nicholas Republican was a weekly paper which started up in 1903. I could not find it on the Newspaper Archives or Chronicling America.

Yesterday Amy from Brotmanblog: A Family Journey wrote this comment:

I do wonder how Isaac managed to obtain the money necessary for emancipation. Did James pay him wages?

I haven’t found documentation to prove this but the pioneer history by A. J. Legg gives a good account of how Isaac (may have) earned the money to buy his freedom.

1916 History of Isaac Place A Bit of Pioneer History Relating to Slavery

The Raleigh Herald (Beckley, West Virginia), Friday February 4, 1916, page 2, column 1 (bottom) and 2 (top). [http://newspaperarchive.com/ : accessed 26 Feb 2015]

I did find one record that confirms that Isaac, when he was still a slave, was allowed to have business dealings. When the storekeeper Mr. Landcraft died his store inventory and appraisal were received and recorded by the Fayette County court at the September 1834 term. Isaac’s account is included on this list, two years before he was emancipated.
[Source: “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18271-57447-29?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG:179689901,179689902 : accessed 26 February 2015), Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 26 of 292; county courthouses, West Virginia.]

On 20 October 1837 Isaac Sims was granted 17 1/2 acres of land in Nicholas County on both sides of the Gauley River.

By 1850 Isaac was seen on the census in the household of James Sims’ son-in-law Mathew Hughes, widower of Margaret Sims. Next to Isaac’s name in parenthesis is the word Free. His real estate, the 17 1/2 acres he was granted in 1837, are valued at $87.

1850census

1850 U.S. Federal Census > Virginia > Fayette > 43rd District > Sheet No. 371A > HH #407-407 [ancestry.com]

In 1855 Isaac bought several items at the estate sale of Joseph McNutt. Sadly, also on McNutt’s inventory were Isaac’s children George Addison and Harriett Jane. The estate items sold are found following the inventory however the fate of Isaac’s children is not mentioned. Tradition is (also seen in article above) that they were bought by Robert L. Neil, husband of Jenetta McNutt, a daughter of Joseph McNutt.
[Source: “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18271-57923-52?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5NG:179689901,179689902 : accessed 26 February 2015), Fayette > Will book, v. 001 1832-1866 > image 273 of 292; county courthouses, West Virginia.]

In 1860 and in 1870 Isaac Sims was listed on the census in his own household. He did not have anyone living with him. In 1870 he was listed as a mulatto instead of a black person as seen in 1850 and 1860. His real estate was valued at $1000 in 1860 and $500 in 1870; his personal estate was valued at $200 in 1860 and $400 in 1870.

Isaac Sims died before 9 Jun 1875 leaving a last will and testament in which he lists more land that he acquired after the 17 1/2 acres in 1837. He left the land to Robert L. Neil in exchange for his supporting Isaac’s granddaughter Rebecca Jane (Sims) Johnson. He also named Mr. Neil his executor. I have not transcribed or extracted all facts from the will.
[Source: “West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18231-22175-57?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5MS:179686001,179686002 : accessed 26 February 2015), Nicholas > Will book, v. 001 1820-1899 > image 90 of 158; county courthouses, West Virginia. and
“West Virginia Will Books, 1756-1971,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-18231-22099-66?cc=1909099&wc=M6DN-5MS:179686001,179686002 : accessed 26 February 2015), Nicholas > Will book, v. 001 1820-1899 > image 91 of 158; county courthouses, West Virginia.]

Rebecca Jane Sims, daughter of one of Isaac’s two children, was raised in the Robert L. Neil family. She was listed as a mulatto on the 1870 census in his household. She married David Johnson on 1 May 1874. It is possible that the 5 year old mulatto child named Myrta E. Johnson, living in the Robert L. Neil household in 1880, was the daughter of Rebecca Jane who died in childbirth on 1 November 1878 as reported by her neighbor Robert L. Neil.

I have not been able to locate Rebecca’s husband in 1880 or later. No trace of Myrta E. Johnson, who I believe was Isaac’s great-granddaughter, has been found.

Hopefully, if Tom, Juda, George, Jinncy, Jude, Fanny, July Hulen, Robert and Isaac Sims’ lines did not die out, a descendant will find this and be able to fill in the missing pieces in their family tree.

My blog sister True A. Lewis of NoTe’s To MySeLf… commented on my post:

“It’s Honorable to do… You’re RELEASING their Names and their Souls for their Descendants to hopefully find them one day. Every time this Happens they are Rejoicing. They have been in a book or what have you for so long.”

True’s statement about this being honorable may change people’s minds about sharing what they might be ashamed of.

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Posted in Brick Walls | Tagged , , , , , , | 12 Comments

Black History Month: The Slaves of James SIMS, Part 2

Celebrating Black History Month – I did not want February to end without giving recognition to African-Americans in the United States. I hope that by sharing this information I may help someone open the door to their African-American brick wall.

If you missed the first installment, go here.

Isaac Sims, a Slave

James Sims to Isaac Sims Deed

By March 1836 James Sims had disposed of all his real and personal estate including his slave property except for his Negro man Isaac who he intended to emancipate and set free. The steps he took were not as easy as one would think.

James had a deed drawn up detailing the conditions. Isaac had to pay James $150 in three instalments of $50 for his freedom. This sounds like a lot however he continues to note that if he (James) should die before all three instalments were paid Isaac would not have to pay the rest. Further if Isaac should die before him then James would use the monies received for Isaac’s children who were mentioned in this document as was their deceased mother Emily.

MRIN02312 1836-03-09 James Sims to Isaac Sims 1MRIN02312 1836-03-09 James Sims to Isaac Sims 2MRIN02312 1836-03-09 James Sims to Isaac Sims 3 cropped“1836 James Sims to Isaac Sims
(note in margin “Delivered to Isaac Sims Sept. 9th 1842″)

Know all men by these presents that I James Simms Sr. of the County
of Nicholas and State of Virginia having heretofore made my last
Will and Testament in which I have disposed of all my Estate real
and personal including my slave property except one slave ….
my Negro man Isaac which said Negro slave Isaac I heretofore
intended to emancipate and set free according to the laws of this
Commonwealth upon certain Conditions thereafter to be mentioned
and put to writing. Now this Instrument of writing Witnesseth
that in Consideration of the premises and for others ……
good causes moving me thereto. I do hereby and by virtue and force of these
presents emancipate and set free forever my aforesaid Negro slave Isaac upon
the following condition to wit that is to say that the said Isaac causes to be
paid to me one hundred and fifty dollars good and lawful money of Virginia
fifty dollars of which is to be paid in hand which said fifty dollars is this
day paid to me and the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged fifty dollars
of which the said Isaac shall cause to be paid on or before the 1st day of
April 1836 and fifty dollars the last payment thereof the said Isaac
shall cause to be paid to me on or before the first day of May 1836 and
it is furthermore agreed to on my part and which I hereby in addition
to the foregoing make known that in the event of my death before the
payment of the fifty dollars which is next due after the date of this writing
that then and in that case the said fifty dollars nor the aforesaid fifty
dollars the last instalment or payment above mentioned nor either of
said payments or instalments shall be required or exacted by my heirs,
Executors, administrators or assigns nor shall they or either of them
cause the said Isaac to pay either of said payments or instalments of fifty
dollars nor shall his failure to pay the same in any manner affect or
do away with the force of these presents in emancipating and setting free
the said Isaac after my death according to the laws of this Commonwealth
now in force. And it is furthermore agreed to on my part that in the
event of my death after the payment to me of the aforesaid fifty dollars
which next becomes due after the date of this writing as above mentioned
that then and in that case the last payment or instalment of fifty dollars
the said Isaac shall be exempt from the payment of in the same manner
and to the same effect as I have exempted him from the payment of the
fifty dollars which first becomes due as is mentioned and set forth in the
preceding paragraph. And it is furthermore agreed upon my part
that in the event of the death of the said Isaac before my death that then
and in that case I do hereby promise and agree that any money or monies
or payments which the said Isaac may cause to be made paid to me
or which may have been in any way paid to me on account of the promises
shall be appropriated by me or my heirs Executors ? in cause of my
death, in the following manner: That is to say that whereas the said Isaac
has two children named George Addison and Harriett Jane by his wife
Emily now dead and owned in her life time by Joseph McNutt
and feeling a natural love and affection for his aforesaid children and wishing
to provide for the comfort and happiness of the same I do hereby
promise and agree as before mentioned to appropriate the money
paid to me after his death that happening before mine as above
stated to such use or uses for the benefit of the above named children
of the said Isaac as will best promote their spiritual and temporal
welfare agreeable to their condition and character in this state and
according to the Laws and usages of this Commonwealth. To the
true performance of the above I do hereby bind myself my
heirs Executors Administrators
as witness my hand and seal this 19th day of March 1836
James Sims
Witness
Joseph McNutt
John Huddleston
Bernard Hendrick

I have this day received this full consideration
in good and lawful money cald for in this foregoing Instrument of
writing as witness my hand & Seal
James Sims
Witness
Joseph McNutt
John Huddleston
Bernard Hendrick”

Isaac Sims Manumission Letter

Below the “Information” sign at the Nicholas County Courthouse in Summersville, West Virginia, there is a framed letter written by James Sims freeing his slave named Isaac.

Isaac Simms emancipation

Photo © Rock Foster. Used with permission.

Sims Manumission Letter-1836

Know all men by these presents that I James Sims
of the County of Nicholas in consideration of a large
sum of money paid to me by my slave Isaac
as for the additional considerations of his fidelity
to me I have on this day manumitted and let
him the said Isaac free. To remain and continue
from hence forward to all intents and purposes
entirely free and discharged from servitude to
me my heirs and assigns forever. And for the purpose
of removing any difficulty as to the identity of the said
Isaac and to enable him to enjoy his Freedom in
the most absolute and perfect manner. I also hereby
certify and state that the said Isaac was born my
slave, that he has resided with me up to this date
that he is very black, his stature about five feet
five inches, of slender make and about forty three
years old, that he has had his right leg broken
just above his ankle. In testimony whereof I
have hereto set my hand and seal this 26th day of
September 1836.
                                                       James Sims
in the presence of
Andrew M. Dickinson
Joseph McNutt
John Huddleston
Edward Rion
Bernerd Hendrick
John Hill”

Petition to Grant Residence to Isaac Sims

Nicholas County residents signed a petition to the Legislature of Virginia to grant permanent residence to Isaac Sims. The original can be found in the archives division of the Virginia State Library. It reads as follows:

A PETITION FROM NICHOLAS COUNTY, VIRGINIA
TO GRANT PERMANENT RESIDENCE TO ISAAC SIMS
1836

To the Legislature of Virginia

Your Petitioners humbly represent that JAMES SIMS
of the County of Nicholas has recently emancipated ISAAC
a blackman who is desirous of remaining in the Commonwealth,
your Petitioners represent that there are but very few
slaves in the County of Nicholas not exceeding sixty –
nor is there more than one other coloured person in the
County who is free — your Petitioners further state the
said black man ISAAC is an exceedingly honest industrious
and useful man addicted to no vicious habits whatsoever,
but peaceful & inoffensive & meek in all his intercourse
& business with the country — your Petitioners would be
truly gratified should this Legislature in its wisdom think
proper to grant his application — your Petitioners are
well convinced that no mischief can result to the country
by doing so and as a precedent in this part of the state
nothing of evil is to be apprehended.

Saml Price                              David Mays
John H. Robinson                 William Sims
E. S. Duncan                          Robert Hughes Jr
Johnson Reynolds               Edward Sims Jr
Benj. H. Smith                       Jeremiah Sims
P. B. Wethered                       Martin Sims
John McWhorter                   Co. John Sims
Ro Hamilton                          Anderson Sims
L. D. Wilson                           Charles Sims
Addison McLaughlin         William Morris
John McDermott                   Joshua Morris
Thomas Miller                      John H. Morris
Jacob D. McClain                  Thomas Elliott
Thm. Hill                                Aron Loyd
Mathew Hughes                   G. C. Landcraft
Charley Reynolds                William Sims
Robert Hill                              Edward Rion
Harrison A. Low                  William R. Summers
George Reynolds                  Edward Campbell
Andrew Odle                         George Rader Sr
John Kincaid                          John Foster
James Nichols                       Jas. G. Murray
James Walkub                       James Bryant
William Hamrick                 G. W. Grose
John Dunbar                          David Bare
Robert McCutchen               Lemasters Stephenson
William Miller                      Jacob C. Chapman
Allen Ewing                           John Groves
Jacob Drennen                       John G. Stephenson
Joseph Darlington               Jacob Chapman
J. D. Sutton                              Michael Rader
J. M. Alderson                        John Linch
J. McClung                              Andre Skidmore
James R. Henderson           Isaac Gregory
James a. Walker                    Fielding McClung
R. Duffield                              Abner Stephenson
Seth Thayer                            Wm. Bell
Thomas Legg                         Cortes Stephenson
Joshua Stephenson              John Rader
Wm. D. Cottle                        J. G. Neel
Samuel Nichols                    T. B. Thomas
Joel Hamrick                          Alexander Grove
David Stuart                          James Simany
Jefferson Grose                      Joseph McClung
(?) Dorsey                                Daniel Falkler
J. Warren                                Henry (?)
Richard A. Arters                 William Chapman
William Taylor                     David Moore
Wilson Arters                        David R. Hamilton
Philip Duffy                           Moses Hill
R. Kelly                                   Ira Davis
Elij. Lightner                          Jacob Odell
James Lightner                      Wm. Hughs
James Kelly                            Wm. Bryant
J. M. Hamilton                       George Fitzwatters
John McCue                           Andrew Neil
John McClung                       Robert Neil
S. A. Hamilton                      Samuel Hutchison
Edward McClung                George Hardweg
Nathan Groves                     John Morris
Peter Duffy                             John Duffy
J. McMillian                           B. L. Boggs
Wm. Livesay                          M. A. Triplett
Jacob Hutchison                   William M. Boggs
David Hanna                        John Trout
David Peebles                        James Grose
Adam Given                          Robert Keenan
Elverton T. Walker               Isaac Fitzwater
Thomas M. Fitzwater         Nathaniel Hughes
Thomas B. Morris                Hiram S. Marsh
W. Summers Sr.                    S. Backhouse
Henry Morris                         Jos. Montgomry
John Smith                             L. C. Buster
Thomas T. Marton               Thos. Hawkins
Peter Coleman                       Thos. Hines
John Backhouse                    Cyrus Hedge
William Bird                          John Slack
Cornelius Dorsey                 James B. Cole
Pascal Backhouse               Austin McCorgil
Joseph Backhouse                Nathan Huddleston
Jeremy G. Odel                      William Kincaid
Joseph Backhouse                James Settle
William Hillard                    Bolen Ballenger
William Smith                      John Johnson Jr.
Bernard Hendrick                James Likens
Mathew Kaincaid              John P. Huddleston
John Dorsey                           W. Tyree
John Fitzwater                       Hiram Curry
John Dorsey Sr                      P. Keenan
Dryden Sims                          E. Hutson
Hudson N. Dickenson       Henry Montgomery
Miles Hansen                        John Huddleston
Jas. H. Miller                          John Hill
P. W. Buster                            Joseph Huddleston
Pleasant Hawkins               Henry Tritt
Seaton B. Prowsy                  William Huggins
James B. Murray                   Robert Huggins
James J. Sims                         Robert Heuse
(Name Illegible)                    John Heuse
Leonard Cury                        S. A. Masterson
William Johnson                  Joseph W. Nutt
Jno. McNutt                            Jno. Carton
F. T. Hughes                           Adam Johnson
Fenton McMorrow               Wm. Kelly
Job Huddleston                     Taswell W. Hues
Nelson Sims                          Andrew Kenan
Joseph Reams                        (?) Price
Francis Cincaid                    E. R. Hutchison
William Loyd                        Joseph Young
Thos. S. Buster                       Edda Young
Moses Coleman                    William Martin
T. B. Hamilton                       Thos. L. Lewis
John Kincaid                          Wm. Myles
Thos. J. Huddleston            William Kincaid Jr.
John Johnson                         Gataspher Kincaid
Me_?_ J. Conly                      Benjamin Darlington
Levi B. Murrey                       H_?_ Long
Edward Hughs                     Joel Alexander
Joshua Foster
[Source: Webster County Historical Society, Nicholas County, (West) Virginia Records of the Pioneers, 1818-1860. Upper Glade, West Virginia, Webster County Historical Society, Inc., 1985. 929.3 N597w.]

Isaac Sims, a Free Man

continued in Part 3…..

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Posted in Brick Walls | Tagged , , , , , , | 28 Comments

Black History Month: The Slaves of James SIMS, Part 1

Celebrating Black History Month – I did not want February to end without giving recognition to African-Americans in the United States. I hope that by sharing this information I may help someone open the door to their African-American brick wall.

My 5th great-grandfather James Sims (1754-1845) of Nicholas County, (West) Virginia was a former slaveholder at the time of his death. Over a dozen years ago I had the privilege to work with several other researchers who shared their information and documentation that I used to write a detailed biography for James SIMS in 2002.

James, born in Culpeper County, reportedly brought eighteen slaves with him to Nicholas County (then Kanawha County) when he moved there from Bath County, Virginia, sometime around 1798-1800. The number may be exaggerated as he had 5 slaves in 1810, 9 slaves in 1820, 5 slaves in 1830, and 1 in 1840.

The known names of nine slaves owned by James SIMS are:

Tom, Juda and George

Jeremiah SIMS, the father of James SIMS, wrote his will on 4 March 1768, it was probated on 18 August 1768 in Culpeper County, Virginia. In his will he left one half of his estate to his wife Agatha and the other half to his son James. There was no mention of slaves in the will however the inventory returned to the court on 19 October 1769 listed:

One Negro man Tom £60. One negro Woman Juda & her child George £70

The slaves were valued at £130. The entire inventory totaled £195 making Tom, Juda, and George the most valuable part of Jeremiah’s estate.

Jinncy

John Nalle, the maternal grandfather of James Sims, wrote his will on 16 September 1780. It was probated in Culpeper County, Virginia, on 19 August 1782, and mentions amongst his legatees his daughter Agatha Hill, wife of Russell Hill and widow of Jeremiah Sims, and mother of James Sims.

“Item. I Lend to my daughter Agatha Hill half the Service of a Negro Woman named Jinncy During my Daughters life the other half of the said Negroes Service to my Grandson James Sims from the time of My Daughters marriage to Russel Hill, and after My Daughters Descease I give the Said Negro Woman Jinncy and her Increase to my Grandson James Sims to him and his Heirs for Ever also Ten Shillings to my Daughter Agatha Hill and her Heirs for Ever.”
[Source: Culpeper County, Virginia Will Book B, pg. 519.]

Jude and Fanny

William Griffee Brown in his History of Nicholas County, West Virginia (Dietz Press, 1954, 425 pages) mentions on pgs. 165-166 while discussing the Bethel Methodist church that he owned an old class-book dated 1821 which includes the names of members of the class in 1821 including black Jude and black Fanny, slaves of the Sims family. James Sims “brought the first negro slaves to Nicholas County” according to Mr. Brown on pg. 30. Note: Jude and Fanny were “slaves belonging to William Simms,” a son of James Sims.

July Hulen and her mother

Lawrence M. Huddleston, author of The Huddlestons My Kin had in his possession the original bill of sale from James Sims to John Huddleston for the slave July Hulen when June Settle Ciocca visited him at home in 1990. At the time she did not realize her relationship to James Sims. On 9 February 2002 in an e-mail in which she shared the photo of this bill of sale, she wrote: “Larry told me that James Sims had previously sold July Helen’s mother to the Huddlestons and that both mother and daughter were so heart-broken, he agreed to sell them the child also. Larry had no children and my understanding is that his immense genealogical collection was donated to the archives in Charleston. I would assume that is where this document can now be found.”

MRIN02312 1833 Sims bill of sale for slave

Robert Sims

Clarence Shirley Donnelly (1895-1982) wrote in his column “Yesterday and Today” in the Beckley-Post Herald:

“Isaac’s brother, Robert Simms, ‘flew the coop,’ as a saying of that day had it. Keeping his eye on the north star as he traveled at night, he reached Canada and freedom.”

Isaac Sims, a Slave

continued in Part 2….

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Posted in Brick Walls | Tagged , , , , , , | 22 Comments

52 Ancestors: #8 The PEFFER-MERTES Family (1866-1995)

Week 8 (Feb 19-25) – Good Deeds. Does this mean a generous ancestor or one you found through land records? You decide :)

2002obit

Newspaper clipping of the obituary of Maria POLFER-PEFFER from the 18 April 2002 issue of the Luxembourger Wort.

Maria POLFER-PEFFER, daughter of Francis PEFFER and granddaughter of Nicolas PEFFER and Maria MERTES, is the person in this family who stands out for her good deeds which resulted in her being interned and deported. What good deeds did she perform? She was a part of the resistance movement in Luxembourg during World War II. The Résistance worked in secrecy against the German occupation of the country. They helped political refugees and those being conscripted into the German forces. They printed patriotic leaflets and flyers by hand or machine to encourage the people of Luxembourg and promote patriotic spirit. More about the Luxembourg Resistance and Luxembourg in World War II.

Maria was awarded the Médaille de la Résistance, a medal awarded to civilians for distinguished services to Luxembourg during World War II. She was a member of the Conseil national de la Résistance, a member of the central committee of the LPPD (League for Luxembourgish Political Prisoners and Deportees), an umbrella group of the Resistance groups, and President of the Bettembourg section of the  LPPD.

Yesterday, 22 February 2015, was the Nationalen Dag vun der Resistenz, National Day of the Resistance in Luxembourg. In 1997 the Conseil national de la Résistance made the decision to have an annual remembrance day on the Sunday in February closest to the 25th. A day to remember all those involved in the Résistance and who lost their lives while interned and deported. Especially remembered are the 23 members of the Résistance who were shot in the Hinzerter Bësch 71 years ago on 25 Februar 1944, as well as the victims killed during the general strike in September 1942 on Hinzert, a German concentration camp located in Germany, 30 km from the Luxembourg border.

The PEFFER-MERTES Family (1866-1995)

Early on in my research I knew that my husband’s great-grandparents Nicolas PEFFER and Maria MERTES had three children. I personally knew two of the daughters, Bom and Tattes, and the only son’s daughter Maria POLFER-PEFFER.

On 29 November 2000 I received a telephone call from the son of a third, at that time unknown daughter. He found me through my GEDCOM file at RootsWeb’s WorldConnect Project. I still have the notes I scribbled while on the phone with him.

I always wondered why this couple did not have children during the first five years they were married. They married in 1894 and, being Catholic, birth control was not an option or even available. Last month when I began taking a new look at this family, checking for them in the census, I nearly missed looking for birth records for more children.

I found Nicolas and Maria in the 1895 census as newlyweds, I thought, enjoying their second year of marriage, and in 1900 with their 5 week old son Franz. No other children!

1895census

1895 Luxembourg Census, household of Nicolas PEFFER and his wife Maria MERTES.[1]

1900census

1900 Luxembourg Census, household of Nicolas PEFFER and his wife Maria MERTES with their son Franz.[2]

Records are very well kept in Luxembourg, however, for this time period, they did not include the cause of death on the civil death record. This has often bothered me as I’ve found many death records for children. I wondered if this family may have also had a child who died young.

So back to the birth and death records I went. What did I find? Nicolas and Maria had 4 children before Franz came along and all four died young.  Eight months, two months, two weeks, and less than a month. That is how long Maria’s babies lived.

The next three children were born in 1900, 1902, and 1904 followed by the youngest in 1910. These were the 4 children that I knew about and they all lived to marry and have children. Could there also be more children, siblings of my husband’s Bom, born between 1905-1909?

My husband’s grandmother Suzanne, known to him as Bom, was their youngest child. She was not born in Moestroff where all the other children were born. Her father, a shepherd (Hirt), had moved with his family to Wecker sometime after 1904 and before Suzanne’s birth in 1910.  Not finding any other children in Moestroff I looked in Biwer, the commune that Wecker belongs to. And I found another child’s birth and death records. A son born in 1907 died in his fourth month. Maria was 35 years old and still young enough to have more children.

I did not find any more records in the communes of Biwer or Bettendorf. The family may have lived in other towns however the census is only available until 1900 at FamilySearch and in any case only browable making it impraticable to search all areas. Without a lead to a town I would have to check through the Luxembourg Civil Registration database which would mean browsing through 767,518 images or at least checking the Tables Décennales (ten year lists of births, marriages and deaths) for the time period 1905-1922 of each of the 145 communes. Perhaps one day the records for Luxembourg at FamilySearch will be searchable, until then….

I know that Maria carried nine children to term, gave birth to them, and cared for them. Maria and Nicolas buried five of these children between 1895-1907.

Maria saw three of her grown children marry and held two of her grandchildren before she died in 1929 at the age of 54. Only her youngest daughter Suzanne would marry after her death. Her widower Nicolas died at the age of 75 on the 31st of December 1941.

I don’t have a copy of his death record. I have three sources for his death – that should be proof enough. On the other hand, the three sources have conflicting information.

  1. Photocopy of the 1866 birth record No. 11 located in the birth register of Bettendorf at the town hall. This record includes the annotation in the left margin of his death on 31 December 1941 in Moestroff as well as the location of the death record, No. 1 in the 1942 death register. This birth record was obtained in 1995.[3]
  2. Digital image of the birth record located in the Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg, microfilmed by the Genealogical Society of Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1993 at the Archives in Luxembourg. This record includes an annotation in the left margin indicating that he died in Moestroff, no date, and the death record is No. 11 from 1942.[4]
  3. Digital image of the marriage record of Nicolas PEFFER and Maria MERTES located in the Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg, microfilmed by the Genealogical Society of Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1993 at the Archives in Luxembourg. This record includes an annotation in the left margin made by the Landessippenamt. At the time of Nicolas’ death the civil records offices in Luxembourg were in the hands of the Germans. The official of the Landessippenamt wrote that Nicolas died on 31 February 1866 and that the death is recorded in the 1941 Sterbebuch (death register) as record No. 1. The annotation on the marriage record was made on 10 August 1941.[5]

photocopy

1. Annotation on the photocopy of the original birth record in Bettendorf.[3]

digital

2. Annotation on the digital copy of duplicate of original birth record in the archives.[4]

digitalmarriage

3. Annotation on the digital copy of the duplicate of the original marriage record in the archives.[5]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I believe that the first record is the most reliable. If protocol was followed the civil registrar would have issued the death record, recorded it in the death register or Sterbebuch in Bettendorf, made a duplicate to be lodged in the Courts of Justice in Diekirch and Luxembourg City, and included the annotation to the original birth record which was housed in Bettendorf. The duplicate sent to the Courts of Justice would have been the source for the annotation made on the records 2. and 3. that were later digitized.

Now on my to-do list is a visit to the Bettendorf town hall to acquire copies of the records that are not available online for 1923 and later and specifically for a copy of the death record of Nicolas PEFFER.

Three Generations in a Photographic Series

Maria and Nicolas PEFFER-MERTES’ children were quite close as can be seen by this series of photos taken in the latter part of 1956 of two of their daughters and a daughter-in-law with their daughters/daughter-in-law and the grandchildren.

3generationsLeft to rigth: Baby B. with her mother Maria PEFFER and grandmother (Maria’s mother) Mrs. Francis PEFFER; Baby M. with her mother E. and grandmother (E.’s mother-in-law) Marguerite “Tattes” PEFFER; Baby E. (my husband) with his mother Marie Françoise “Maisy” KREMER and grandmother Suzanne “Bom” PEFFER.

granddaughters and great-grandchildrenLeft to right: Maria with her daughter B.; E. with her daughter M.; and my mother-in-law Maisy with my husband E.

grandmothers with babiesHere the grandmothers switched places. Left to right: Marguerite PEFFER with her granddaughter M., Francis PEFFER’s wife with her granddaughter B., and Suzanne PEFFER with her grandson E.

Who Were They, Nicolas PEFFER and Maria MERTES?

Nicolas PEFFER, my husband’s great-grandfather, was the third child of seven known children of Nicolas PEFFER Sr. ( or “der Ältere“) and Marie ZWANK. His father Nicolas b. 1833  had a younger brother also named Nicolas b. 1836 who was known as Nicolas Jr.

Nicolas PEFFER was born 9 February 1866 in Moestroff, Commune of Bettendorf, District of Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. His parents were both 32 years old when he was born. His father Nicolas was a day laborer.[6]

Maria MERTES, my husband’s great-grandmother, was the oldest of seven children of Michel MERTES and Margaretha RUCKERT. She had 13 known siblings as her father had six children with his first wife. It was a second marriage for her mother as well but the first marriage lasted only 6 months, due to the death of the groom, and there were no children.

Maria MERTES was born 14 February 1875 in Strassen, District of Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Her father was 38 and her mother was 28 years old.[7]

The Marriage of Maria and Nicolas

As with all of our ancestors I wondered how Maria MERTES and Nicolas PEFFER met. They were not born and raised in the same town or even the same community. What brought them together? I can only guess and by studying their marriage record I found a connection and reason why Nicolas would meet a young lady named Maria from Strassen.

Before I get to the actual marriage let’s take a look at the witnesses of the marriage. Two of the witnesses were listed as relatives:

    • Nicolas REITER, Maurer, 39 years old, living in Moestroff. cousin of the groom
    • Mathias GLODT, Taglöhner, 26 years old, living in Strassen, cousin of the groom

The Reiter connection is easy: Nicolas’ paternal aunt Marguerite PEFFER married Jean REITER and Nicolas REITER was their son. Census listings for Marguerite show that another one of her sons, Jean married Maria GLODT of Strassen. Mathias GLODT was Maria’s brother. This would not make him a cousin to Nicolas PEFFER. Further research led to the marriage of Mathias GLODT to Marie REITER, a daughter of Marguerite PEFFER and cousin of Nicolas PEFFER. So Mathias was a cousin-in-law!

Could this be the answer to how Nicolas PEFFER met Maria MERTES? In 1890 Nicolas PEFFER’s cousins Jean and Maria REITER were marrying the GLODT siblings Maria and Mathias.[8],[9] In May 1890 when Maria married Mathias her brothers Jean and Nicolas were present and named as witnesses. Both of these men were masons (Maurer), the same occupation as Nicolas PEFFER.

At six o’clock in the evening on the 19th of February 1894 Nicolas and Maria were married in Strassen. Nicolas was 28, worked as a mason and lived in Moestroff. Nicolas’ parents were both deceased as were his grandparents. Maria was 19, underage, did not work and lived in Strassen. She had recently returned to Strassen after living in Livange in the commune of Roeser. Both of her parents were present and agreeable to the marriage. The banns had been read in Bettendorf and in Roeser, both of the communes that the bride and groom lived in prior to their marriage, on the 4th and the 11th of February, both Sundays.[10]

The Children of Maria and Nicolas

Nicolas and Maria lived in Moestroff following their marriage. Maria was pregnant when the couple married. This may be an explanation for her recently having lived in Livange. She may have been working there, was dismissed for being pregnant and unmarried, and returned home to her parents. She gave birth to their son Johann on 12 June 1894, four months after the marriage.[11] Maria was pregnant with her second child when Johann died on 10 February 1895.[12] The first wedding anniversary was not a happy occasion with their mourning the death of their first child.

Daughter Margaretha was born on 11 August 1895[13] and lived a little less than two months, dying on 1 October 1895.[14] In 1895 when they were enumerated on the census they had been married 22 months. There is no field on the Luxembourg census for number of children born and number of children living as seen on the 1900 and 1910 U.S. Federal Census.

On 8 February 1897 their son Jacques, most likely named after both of the parents’ maternal grandfathers, was born.[15] They may have raised their glasses on the 19th to celebrate their third anniversary and their son’s birth but days later little Jacques died on 23 February 1897.[16]

Their fourth child Wilhelm was born 4 March 1899[17] and died less than a month later on 1 April 1899.[18] So much heartbreak and loss.

Finally on 26 October 1900[19] a son, François, was born – the first child who would survive infancy. The pattern of their lives was changing. On 2 August 1902[20] their second daughter, named the same as their first Margaretha, was born followed by Maria on 15 September 1904.[21] These children were healthy and striving.

During all this time Nicolas’ occupation was seen as Maurer or mason on the birth and death records of his children. After 1904 his occupation changed. In 1907 Nicolas and his wife Maria were living in Wecker in the commune of Wecker. Nicolas’ occupation was seen as Hirt or shepherd. On 9 August 1907 their son Nicolas was born.[22] How sad it must have been for both of the parents, especially to Nicolas, to have to report the death of their son Nicolas, named after his father, on 21 November 1907.[23]

Maria and Nicolas’ little family of five was not complete until Suzanne PEFFER was born on 18 February 1910 in Wecker.[24] Nicolas was still a shepherd. How many years of Suzanne’s childhood were spent in Wecker is not known. The family of six was back in Moestroff by the time Suzanne’s oldest siblings began to marry.

Nicolas and Maria’s oldest child François, also known as Francis, PEFFER was most likely the first to marry. I have not done research on his marriage however believe that the marriage took place 1928 or earlier as his daughter Maria PEFFER was born about 1928 (she was 74 when she died on 16 April 2002).

Maria PEFFER was the first of the daughters to marry. She married Louis LONGATTE (1904-1996) on 2 May 1928 in Bettendorf. This date of marriage has not been confirmed with a marriage record.

A year later Marguerite PEFFER married Jean REUTER (1903-?) on 10 February 1929 in Bettendorf. This date of marriage has not been confirmed with a marriage record.

Maria MERTES, the mother of this family, died 6 August 1929 in Moestroff. Her date of death was found on the marriage record of her youngest daughter Suzanne PEFFER who married Franz “Fritz” KREMER (1905-1972) on 7 January 1931 in Bettendorf.[25]

In 1931, when Suzanne married, her 64 years old father Nicolas was once again seen in the occupation of mason (Maurer). During World War II (1 Sep 1939-14 Aug 1945) Nicolas PEFFER died on 31 December 1941 in Moestroff[3], [4], [5] as discussed earlier in this post.

Daughter Maria LONGATTE-PEFFER was the first to pass away after the death of the parents. Her son André, also known as Ender, said his mother died of cancer at the age of 40. He also said she died in 1956. There is some discrepancy in his statements as she was born in 1904 and not in 1916. It is my understanding that André was her only child. His father remarried to a French woman.[26]

The three remainging PEFFER children lived longer lives.

  • François “Francis” PEFFER died 20 July 1974 in Ettelbrück at the age of 74.[19]
  • Suzanne KREMER-PEFFER died 13 June 1987 in Moestroff at the age of 77.[24]
  • Marguerite “Tattes” REUTER-PEFFER died 27 June 1995 in Esch-sur-Alzette at the age of 92.[20]
Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > 1895 > image 695 of 810. Peffer-Mertes household No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32467-9673-13?cc=2037957&wc=M5GD-FM4:346114101,345878001 : accessed 26 December 2014).
[2] Ibid, Bettendorf > 1900 > image 743 of 793. Peffer-Mertes household No. 32. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32396-9937-99?cc=2037957&wc=M9MJ-1NL : accessed 14 January 2015).
[3] Zivilstandes der Gemeinde Bettendorf im Kanton Diekirch, Großerzogtum Luxemburg, Photocopy of the 1866 Birth Record No. 11 obtained in 1995 from the town hall of Bettendorf
[4] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 783 of 1507. 1866 Birth Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-7084-85?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28S:1346120346 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[5] Ibid, Strassen > Naissances, mariages, décès 1891-1894 > image 65 of 117. 1894 Marriage Record No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12396-19061-71?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LNR:27729865 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[6] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 783 of 1507. 1866 Birth Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-7084-85?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28S:1346120346 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[7] Ibid, Strassen > Naissances, mariages 1796-1823, 1850-1890 > image 645 of 1464. 1875 Birth Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12588-58599-17?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LNP:1592332876 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[8] Ibid, Strassen > Naissances, mariages 1796-1823, 1850-1890 > image 1458 of 1464. “.” 1890 Marriage Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12588-61343-70?cc=1709358&wc=9RY7-N38:130458601,130573201 : accessed 20 February 2015).
[9] Ibid, Bettendorf > Mariages 1817-1890 Décès 1800-1859 > image 841 of 1494. 1890 Marriage Record No. 9. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12456-38052-5?cc=1709358&wc=9RY8-SP8:129626601,129729901 : accessed 20 February 2015),.
[10] Ibid, Strassen > Naissances, mariages, décès 1891-1894 > image 65 of 117. 1894 Marriage Record No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12396-19061-71?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LNR:27729865 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[11] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances, mariages, décès 1882-1894 > image 59 of 155. 1894 Birth Record No. 25. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11578-20242-1?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-2NT:129626601,130263301 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[12] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 4 of 389. 1895 Death Record No. 10. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32048-22801-16?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[13] Ibid, Bettendorf > Tables décennales 1893-1902 > image 8 of 29. NOTE: The records for 1895 are missing on FamilySearch as of 15 Jan 2015. This entry was found in the Tables décennales 1893-1902.(https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11578-20951-69?cc=1709358&wc=9RYW-2JH:129626601,129745501 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[14] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 14 of 389. 1895 Death Record No. 52. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32048-22723-75?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[15] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 25 of 777. 1897 Birth Record No. 10. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32044-6350-71?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[16] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 36 of 389. 1897 Death Record No. 4. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32048-23240-11?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[17] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 60 of 777. 1899 Birth Record No. 14. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32044-6751-2?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[18] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 62 of 389. 1899 Death Record No. 6. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32048-24868-86?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[19] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 87 of 777. 1900 Birth Record No. 49; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32044-6345-57?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 27 December 2014).
[20] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 121 of 777. 1902 Birth Record No. 47; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32044-6408-22?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 27 December 2014),.
[21] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 157 of 777. 1904 Birth Record No. 39. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32044-6109-75?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 27 December 2014).
[22] Ibid, Biwer > Naissances 1895-1923 > image 146 of 293. 1907 Birth Record No. 23. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32024-6424-50?cc=1709358&wc=9RTY-FMZ:129627101,129648901 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[23] Ibid, Biwer > Décès 1895-1923 > image 95 of 216. 1907 Death Record No. 22. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32037-102-84?cc=1709358&wc=9RTY-YWB:129627101,129623802 : accessed 15 January 2015).
[24] Ibid, Biwer > Naissances 1895-1923 > image 176 of 293. 1910 Birth Record No. 9; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32024-6158-56?cc=1709358&wc=9RTY-FMZ:129627101,129648901 : accessed 27 December 2014).
[25] Zivilstandes der Gemeinde Bettendorf im Kanton Diekirch, Großerzogtum Luxemburg, Heiratsurkunde No. 1 Kremer Franz mit Peffer Susanna. Mothers of the bride and groom were deceased at the time of the marriage and their dates of death are listed on this record.
[26] Telephone conversation between Cathy Meder-Dempsey and Mr. André Longatte on 29 November 2000.

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Nicolas PEFFER
Parents: Nicolas PEFFER and Marie ZWANK
Spouse: Maria MERTES
Parents of spouse: Michel MERTES and Margaretha RUCKERT
Whereabouts: Moestroff and Strassen, Luxembourg
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s great-grandparents

  1. Nicolas PEFFER
  2. Suzanne PEFFER
  3. Marie Françoise “Maisy” KREMER
  4. Cathy’s husband

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

52ancestors-2015This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge:
52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.

Posted in 52 Ancestors - 2015, Luxembourg, Luxracines | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 11 Comments

52 Ancestors: #7 The Railroad Switchman’s Family

Week 7 (Feb 12-18) – Love. Which ancestor do you love to research? Which ancestor do you feel especially close to? Which ancestor seemed to have a lot of love?

The KREMER-GRISIUS family had a lot of love. Two daughters loved enough have sons without marrying. A daughter loved God and the Catholic Church enough to become a nun. A daughter was killed in the City of Love during World War II in the bombardment of a train. A daughter married and moved to Manosque, a town in the heart of the French Provence. A son died in his 6th month only days after Valentine’s Day. Son Fritz, who loved to fish, married and had two children he dearly loved, one of them was Maisy, the mother of my husband, the love of my life.

The KREMER-GRISIUS Family of Bettendorf and Moestroff (1875-1996) 

marker

1875birth

Nicolas

Nicolas KREMER, son of Anton (Antoine) KREMER and Anna Maria MERKES, was born at one o’clock in the morning on 18 November 1875 in Bettendorf, Canton Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. His parents were 40 and 39 at the time of his birth.[1]

1879birth

Catherine

Catherine GRISIUS, daughter of Heinrich GRISIUS and Elisabeth WECKERING, was born at 5 o’clock in the afternoon on 7 September 1879 in Hoscheid, Canton Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Her parents were 40 and 29 when she was born.[2]

In 1895 Nicolas was with his brother Peter working as a servant (Dienstknecht) in France. Nicolas had been there a year and a half while his brother Peter had been there five years. By 1900 Nicolas was back in Luxembourg and planning to marry.[3]

An Early Marriage for Nicolas and Catherine

1900marriage

1900 Marriage Record No. 21

Catherine, a 22 years old maid (Dienstmagd), and Nicolas, a 25 years old worker (Arbeiter) must have gotten up very early to get married at 8 o’clock in the morning on Wednesday, 28 November 1900. Banns had been read only once on Sunday the 18th of November in Bettendorf as both the bride and groom had their residence in that town. They brought with them a copy of the birth record from the register of Hoscheid for the bride. Catherine’s parents were from Hoscheid, a village about 17 km from Bettendorf, and Nicolas’ parents were from Bettendorf where the marriage took place. Nicolas’ brother Pierre KREMER, one of the witnesses, lived in Mersch, 26 km from Bettendorf. Another witness was the 63 years old Nicolas KREMER, a first cousin once removed of the groom. The two other witnesses were not related to the bridal couple. The mother of the groom and the parents of the bride did not sign the marriage record and it was noted they they could not write.[4]

What gifts, if any, did the bridal couple receive? What would they need to buy for their life together? Did they need or own a bedroom, living room, or dining room set?

ad4

Ad in the Dec 1, 1900 issue of Luxemburger Wort.[5]

Would they have to buy a matress for their bed? Would the bride bring sheets, duvets, pillows, and blankets to keep them warm in their bed?

ad1

Ad in the Dec 1, 1900 issue of Luxemburger Wort.[5]

Would they have a fancy oven to heat their home?

ad3

Ad in the Dec 1, 1900 issue of Luxemburger Wort.[5]

Would they even have their own home from the begining? Apparently not, as Catherine was seen with her parents-in-law in the 1900 census. This was taken three days after their marriage and Nicolas was seen as not living with his bride and parents. He had been in Oberanven, a town near Luxembourg City, for two days on business. What a way to spend a honeymoon![6][7]

1900census

1900 Luxembourg Census. Persons in the household.[6]

1900census2

1900 Luxembourg Census. Persons absent from household.[7]

 The Children of Catherine and Nicolas KREMER-GRISIUS

1901birth

Elise

Child 1: Elise KREMER was born 26 September 1901 at 11 o’clock in the morning in the Kremer house in Bettendorf. It is very probable that this was the home of her grandfather Anton KREMER was was one of the witnesses on her birth record. Elise’s parents were 25 and 22 at the time. Her father Nicolas, a worker (Arbeiter), was the informant. Elise’s grandfather, also a worker, signed his name Antoine KREMER rather than Anton as his name was written on the record by the second witness Georges MORES, farmer (Ackerer).[8]

1903 birth

Anna

Child 2: Anna KREMER was born 20 November 1903 at 9 o’clock in the evening in the Kremer house in Bettendorf. Her father Nicolas, a railroad official (Eisenbahnbeamter), reported the birth the next day at 9 o’clock in the morning. Her grandfather Anton KREMER, town crier/messenger (Gemeindebote), was one of the witnesses. The other witness, Georges MORES, was the secretary who did the clerical work for the mayor, Michel CONZEMIUS. Anna’s parents were 28 and 25.[9]

1905irth

Franz

Child 3: Fritz KREMER was born 6 March 1905 at 2:30 in the morning in the Kremer house in Bettendorf. His father Nicolas, railroad official (Eisenbahnbeamter), reported the birth the same day at 10 o’clock in the morning. Georges MORES, secretary (Sekretär) took care of the paperwork for the mayor who was listed as Michel CONZEMIUS. The mayor may not have been available as the record was signed by M. ERNZEN. The parents were 29 and 25.[10]

1907birth

Margaretha

Child 4: Margaretha KREMER was born 11 February 1907 at one o’clock in the afternoon in the Kremer house in Bettendorf. Her father Nicolas, railroad official (Eisenbahnbeamter), reported the birth four hours later. Georges MORES, secretary (Sekretär) took care of the paperwork for the mayor Michel CONZEMIUS. As was the case when her first three siblings’ births were reported, the 71 years old grandfather Antoine was a witness. The parents were 31 and 27.[11]

1909birth

Marie

Child 5: Marie KREMER was born 7 December 1909 at 2:30 in the morning in the Kremer house in Bettendorf. Her father Nicolas, railroad official (Eisenbahnbeamter), reported the birth at 10 o’clock the same morning. Georges MORES, secretary (Sekretär) took care of the paperwork for the mayor Michel CONZEMIUS. Grandfather Antoine was a witness. The parents were seen as 33 and 30. In 1996 a civil official annotated the record in the left top margin with the date and place of death and the death record number.[12]

1910birth

Johanna

Child 6: Johanna KREMER was born 2 December 1910 at 3 o’clock in the morning in the Kremer house in Bettendorf. Her father Nicolas, railroad official (Eisenbahnbeamter), reported the birth at 10 o’clock the same morning. Georges MORES, secretary (Sekretär) took care of the paperwork for the mayor Michel CONZEMIUS. Grandfather Antoine was not present this time. Instead Franz GRISIUS, named as an acquaintance, actually the brother of the mother of the newborn child, was the witness. The parents were 35 and 31.[13]

1912birth

Theresia

Child 7: Theresia KREMER was born at 7 o’clock in the evening of 13 July 1912 in Moestroff, the neighboring village to Bettendorf. Her father Nicolas, railroad official (Eisenbahnbeamter), reported the birth at 9 o’clock the next morning in Bettendorf and his 76 years old father Antoine was present as a witness. Georges MORES, secretary (Sekretär) took care of the paperwork for the mayor Michel CONZEMIUS. The parents were 36 and 32. In 1987 a civil official annotated the record in the left margin with the date and place of death and the death record number.[14]

1913birth

Nicolas, birth

1914death

Nicolas, death

Child 8: Nicolas KREMER was born at 11 o’clock in the evening of 14 September 1913 in Moestroff. As with Theresia, the name of the house he was born in is not given. His father Nicolas, railroad official (Eisenbahnbeamter), reported the birth at one o’clock the next afternoon in Bettendorf. Georges MORES, secretary (Sekretär) took care of the paperwork for the mayor Michel CONZEMIUS. The parents were 38 and 35.[15] A little over five months later his father Nicolas had the sad duty of reporting little Nicolas’ death at 7 o’clock in the evening of 20 February 1914, an hour after the death took place. A railroad colleague, Nicolas MULLER from Moestroff, came with the father to report the death.[16]

 Child 9: Catherine GRISIUS gave birth to a stillborn female child at 3 o’clock in the morning of 19 April 1918 in Moestroff.[17] An hour later she died at the age of 38. Her husband Nicolas KREMER had the responsibility of reporting the deaths of his wife Catherine and their 9th child at 3 o’clock that afternoon. Nicolas’ occupation was a bit different than it had been when he reported the births of his children from 1903-1913. He was now seen as a switchman (Weichensteller). Theodore Doffing, a farmer and acquaintance of Nicolas, accompanied him to the town hall in Bettendorf and served as a witness.[18]

1918deaths

Deaths of Mother and Child

Transportation Between Moestroff and Bettendorf

My husband and I have ridden through Moestroff and Bettendorf many times on our racing bikes. It’s a short distance between the two towns, less than 2 km. The building (below) is the former train station of Moestroff and is now a private home. The bike route follows the path where the railroad tracks used to be.

Below the bike route is a rural road, now strict access only, used to connect the two towns. The main road used today is on the other side of the Sauer River which runs through both towns.

moestroff

Train station in Moestroff. Photo used with permission.

While writing this I wondered if Nicolas walked or rode a bike on the rural road from Moestroff to Bettendorf when he went to register the births of the children born in Moestroff and his wife’s death. Or, since he was a railroad worker, did he take the train from Moestroff to Bettendorf?

bettendorf

Train station in Bettendorf. Photo taken and used with permission.

We took a special trip to Moestroff and Bettendorf this morning to take these photos of the former train stations. The building in Bettendorf is also now a private home. A person who was at home gave us permission to take this picture as well as one of the back side of the building where the railroad tracks used to be. A collections of photos of the stations in Luxembourg can be found on The Railways in and around Luxembourg (D’Eisebunn zu an ëm Lëtzebuerg) and includes some older photos of the stations in Moestroff and Bettendorf.

Life After Catherine’s Death

Nicolas was left with 7 children, 6 daughters between 6 and 17 years of age and a 13 years old son Franz. Nine days later Nicolas once again reported a death, his 81 years old father Anton KREMER.[19]

Elise, Nicolas and Catherine’s oldest daughter, raised her siblings in place of her mother. Her son Nic. was born out of wedlock in 1919 and raised along with her siblings who considered him a brother. Elise never married and died at the age of 40 in 1941.[20]

MRIN14674 1941 Elise Kremer death

Luxemburger Wort[20]

Elise’s sister Anna went to Paris to work and during World War II was killed when the train she was on was bombarded. This is a family story and no record has been found as yet to support it. Paris was listed in Elise’s death notice as one of the residences of a family member. This could mean that Anna died after 7 April 1941 and before the end of World War II in 1945. Another of Elise’s siblings was living in Sfax in Tunisia, most likely Johanna, who went by Jeanne, and was married to Frédéric DE GIORGIO.

World War II brought many changes. In Nicolas’ case it meant that the first name he was given at birth was changed to Nikolaus. I would not have known this if I hadn’t obtained a photocopy of his original birth record from the town hall in Bettendorf in 1995. During World War II Luxembourg was occupied by the Germans and all administrations were headed by them. They went through the birth records of the people living in a town and placed a stamp in the margin changing the name to the German equivalent. Luckily KREMER was German enough for them not to change it. After the war the Luxembourg authorities added their own stamp making the first nul and void.

1875birth

Photocopy of the original birth record found in Bettendorf birth register.

1943stamp

Stamps seen in the left margin of the birth record

Translation (first stamp):
Due to the
regulation of the C.d.Z.*
from 31 January 1941 to change the first
and 
surnames in Luxembourg the
designated person (in this record)

Name: Nikolaus
Certificate of Diekirch District
from 21 December 1942
Diekirch, the 1 March 1943

Registrar: representative
signature of the registrar
Translation (second stamp):
Declared nul and void
in Bettendorf on [date omitted]
The civil officer:
signed J. Pierre Goebel

*C.d.Z. = Chef der Zivilverwaltung or Head of Civil Administration.

Nicolas KREMER died in 1951.[21] The year of death was found on the family gravemarker in the cemetery (Kirfecht) in Moestroff. I have not taken steps to obtain his death record. He left a son, four daughters, three grandsons, a granddaughter, and two great-grandsons.

MRIN04944 1971-01-08 François Kremer obitHis son Franz KREMER married Suzanne PEFFER on 7 January 1931 and died in 1972.[22]

Nicolas’ daughter Margaretha, also known as Gréit, died in 1975 as seen on her birth record.[11] I have not been able to find out if she ever married. She did not have children living in 1987 when her sister Thérèse died.

His daughter Theresia, or Tatta Thérèse, became a nun when she was young, left the order at some time, and worked as a nurse with the same doctor she had worked for as a nun. Tatta Thérèse died on 2 November 1987 leaving two sisters, Jeanne and Marie.[14]

1996obitJeanne was living in Manosque, a town in the heart of the French Provence, at the time that Thérèse died.[23] No trace of her has been found after 1987 when the succession of Thérèse’s estate was settled.

Jeanne must have died before 1996 as she was not mentioned in the obituary her sister Marie, Tatta Marie, as she was known to her niece, nephews, grandnieces and grandnephews. In her obituary at right the surname Schneider is an error and should be Schleider. Tatta Marie never married and had a son.[24]

Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Naissances 1828-1890 Mariages 1800-1816 > image 969 of 1507. 1875 Birth Record No. 68. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-13200-1624-19?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28S:1346120346 : accessed 02 Apr 2013).
[2] Ibid, Hoscheid > Naissances 1851-1890 Mariages 1800-1890 Décès 1798-1826 > image 282 of 1491. “.” 1879 Birth Record No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11672-57323-81?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2B6:1412473990 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[3] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > 1895 > image 305 of 810. Kremer-Merkes household No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32467-10959-35?cc=2037957&wc=M5GD-FM4:346114101,345878001 : accessed 11 February 2015).
[4] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 530 of 777. “.” 1900 Marriage Record No. 21. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32044-7034-74?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28W:n1332603780 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[5] Luxemburger Wort, digitized by the Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg, http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Verlage der St-Paulus-Druckerei, Luxembourg), 1 December 1900, page 4 (http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=1033115&search_terms=#panel:pp|issue:1033115|page:4 : accessed 11 Feb 2015)
[6] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > 1900 > image 85 of 793. Kremer-Merkes household with Kremer-Grisius. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32396-11048-31?cc=2037957&wc=M9MJ-1NN : accessed 13 January 2015).
[7] Ibid, Bettendorf > 1900 > image 86 of 793. Kremer-Merkes household with Kremer-Grisius. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32396-10670-43?cc=2037957&wc=M9MJ-1NN : accessed 13 January 2015).
[8] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 104 of 777. 1901 Birth Record No. 42. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32044-6214-61?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 13 January 2015).
[9] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 >  Image 141 of 777. 1903 Birth Record No. 49. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32044-5949-12?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28W:n1332603780 : accessed 2 Mar 2013).
[10] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 168 of 777. 1905 Birth Record No. 12. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32044-5938-16?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-28W:n1332603780 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[11] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 206 of 777. 1907 Birth Record No. 6;  includes annotation concerning her death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32044-6057-34?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 13 January 2015).
[12] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 257 of 777. 1909 Birth Record No. 50; includes annotation concerning her death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32044-5705-62?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 13 January 2015).
[13] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 296 of 777. 1910 Birth Record No. 52. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32044-5744-18?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 13 January 2015).
[14] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 307 of 777. 1912 Birth Record No. 23; includes annotation concerning her death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32044-5778-8?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 13 January 2015).
[15] Ibid, Bettendorf > Naissances 1896-1923 Mariages 1895-1923 > image 323 of 777. 1913 Birth Record No. 23. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32044-5960-9?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-2NG:129626601,130150302 : accessed 13 January 2015).
[16] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 275 of 389. 1914 Death Record No. 7. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32048-24390-77?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 13 January 2015).
[17] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 328 of 389. 1918 Stillbirth Kremer No. 8. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32048-23912-78?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 26 Sep 2014).
[18] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 328 of 389. “.” 1918 Death Record No. 9. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32048-23912-78?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 26 Sep 2014).
[19] Ibid, Bettendorf > Décès 1895-1923 > image 329 of 389. 1918 Death Record No. 11. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32048-24192-81?cc=1709358&wc=9RT1-926:129626601,129623802 : accessed 27 Sep 2014).
[20] Luxemburger Wort, digitized by the Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg, http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Verlage der St-Paulus-Druckerei, Luxembourg), 7 April 1941, No. 97, page 12, top of column 2. (http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=770518&search_terms=elise%20kremer%20moestroff#panel:pp|issue:770518|article:DTL340|query:elise kremer moestroff : accessed 10 Feb 2015).
[21] Moestroff Kierfecht, Moestroff, Luxembourg. KREMER-GRISIUS family gravemarker (photo © 1995 Egon Meder)
[22] Luxemburger Wort, 8 January 1971, clipping
[23] Lucien Schuman, Notarial Act No. 1839 dated 13 November 1987 concerning the succession of the estate of Thérèse Kremer.
[24] Luxemburger Wort, 4 October 1996, clipping

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Nicolas KREMER
Parents: Anton KREMER and Anna Maria MERKES
Spouse: Cathérine GRISIUS
Parents of Spouse: Heinrich “Henri” GRISIUS and Elisabeth WECKERING
Whereabouts: Moestroff, Bettendorf, Diekirch, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s great-grandparents

  1. Nicolas KREMER and Cathérine GRISIUS
  2. Franz “Fritz” KREMER
  3. Marie Françoise “Maisy” KREMER
  4. Cathy’s husband

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

52ancestors-2015This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge:
52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.

Posted in 52 Ancestors - 2015, Luxembourg, Luxracines | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | 14 Comments

Family Tradition: Berliner and Verwurelter

Last night our family gathered for one of our traditional family traditions.
You can never have too much tradition!

2015-02-13 18.20.08Fasching, also known as Karnival or Fastnacht in Germany, begins on the 11th day of November at exactly 11 minutes after 11 o’clock in the morning and ends at midnight of Fat Tuesday or Mardi Gras, the day before Ash Wednesday.

In Luxembourg it’s called Fuesecht and in Echternach, where we live, it’s Foasicht.

Our family tradition of making Berliner, a jelly donut filled with Quetschekraut, and Verwurelter or Fasching Knots began when our children were small and I made my first Berliner. Our children found time in their busy Foasicht schedules to come home for our version of the Carnival pastries.

In my blogpost 52 Ancestors: #3 The KREMER-PEFFER Family (1905-1987) I wrote about the KREMER family making Quetschekraut which is used to fill the Berliner.

2015-01-19 cannedFilling the Berliner

I don’t use a pastry bag to fill my Berliners with Quetschekraut as seen in most recipes. I’ve heard that some people cheat make donuts (without holes), cut them open and fill them with Quetschekraut. I cut out rounds of dough with a large cookie cutter, put as much Quetschekraut as possible (large heaping tablespoon) in the middle of a round, wet the edge with a little bit of water and cover it with another round, pressing the edges to seal.

2015-02-13 18.20.25

I let them rise again under a tea towel for about 1/2 hour, press the edges again before frying them in batches. This year the Quetschekraut was nice and thick and not too much juice seeped out. I used about a 1/3 of the 1 liter jar (pictured above), placing it in a clean tea towel in a colander for several hours to “dry” it out a bit.

2015-02-13 18.20.01

I fry them two minutes on one side and then flip them over and fry for another 2 minutes until golden brown.

2015-02-13 18.20.17I remove them from the fryer, place them on a cooling rack and sift powdered sugar on both sides. For easy clean up I place paper towels under the rack.

The first Berliner is always for my husband, my taster. Since I’ve been making them for about 20 years now, he is no longer as critical as he was in the beginning when I didn’t put in enough Quetschekraut. One of the reasons we never buy Berliners at the bakery is that they fill them with so little Quetschekraut or they fill them with other fruit jams (apricot, strawberry).

2015-02-13 18.19.53

If doubled the Fasching Knots recipe will make a baker’s dozen (12 + 1 for the taster) Berliner and about 3-4 dozen knots or Verwurelter depending on how small or large you make them.

Verwurelter : Fasching Knots

Ingredients:

2 1/4 cups (375 gr.) flour
1 package dry yeast
1/2 cup (1/8 liter) warm milk
2 heaping tbsp sugar
1 egg
4 tbsp (50 gr.) butter

For coating: granulated or powdered sugar

Directions:

Sift flour into bowl; mix in yeast. Add remaining ingredients and knead with mixer. Let rise 1 hour in warm place.

Roll out dough to about 1/4 inch (1/2 cm) thickness. Cut in finger thick strips. Tie knots or braid three strips together. Gather scraps and re-roll if needed. Let rise another 1/2 hour to 1 hour under a tea towel.

Fry in deep fryer at 350° F (180° C) about 2-4 minutes depending on size. Do not crowd. Transfer warm knots to a deep plate with granulated sugar, roll to cover completely. Or allow to cool and sift powdered sugar over the knots before serving.

Yields: about 4 dozen Verwurelter

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Posted in Luxembourg, Recipe | Tagged , , , , , , | 11 Comments

My Ancestor Score as of Valentine’s Day 2015

When Barbara Schmidt posted My Ancestor Score – February 4, 2014 I clipped her ancestor score graphic to Evernote for future reference, set aside Valentine’s Day for this task, and posted my first My Ancestor Score as of Valentine’s Day 2014.

Happy Valentine’s Day and here is my score for 2015!

score15I added 26 new ancestors in the generations 8 through 11 during the year.

DSCN1021 OPiBW

Generation 6 is still stuck at 30 of 32 ancestors. That brick wall is so frustrating and I wonder when I’ll ever be able to find the key to the door for the parents of
William A. W. DEMPSEY 1820-1867 of Fayette County, West Virginia.

And what does your Ancestor Score look like?

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

Posted in Brick Walls, Genealogy | Tagged | 12 Comments

52 Ancestors: #6 The SCHWARTZ-GORGES Family of Osweiler (1866-1996)

Week 6 (Feb 5-11) – So Far Away. Which ancestor is the farthest from you, either in distance or in time/generations? Which ancestor have you had to go the farthest away to research?

The SCHWARTZ-GORGES Family of Osweiler (1866-1996)

The summer of 1991 the grandchildren, and possibly a great-granddaughter, of Johann SCHWARTZ and Margaritha GORGES met for lunch and had a group photo taken. Unfortunately most of them are deceased and I have only been able to identify three of the cousins.

MRIN00004 1991 Schwartz cousins reunion

Schwartz cousins. Back row: 4th person from left: Lisy BIRGEN-WOLF. Front row: 1st person from right: my father-in-law Marcel MEDER and 2nd person from right: Charles WOLF.

Back to the Beginning

1866birth

Johannes (birth)

Johannes SCHWARTZ was born on 26 January 1866 at 9 in the evening in Osweiler, in the community of Rosport, canton of Echternach, in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. His father Johann SCHWARTZ, 41 years old mason (Maurer), reported the birth two days later at one o’clock in the afternoon to Mathias HASTERT, an alderman in Rosport. The age of the mother of the child, Catharina SCHMIT (sic, SCHMITT), was not mentioned.[1]

1868birth

Margaretha (birth)

Margaritha GORGES was born on 27 July 1868 at 8 in the evening in Born, in the community of Mompach, canton of Echternach, in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Her father Johann GORGES, a 30 years old laborer (Taglöhner) reported the birth two days later at 9 in the morning to Victor GRAF de VILLERS, mayor of Mompach. The age of the mother of the child, Catharina SCHERFF, was not mentioned.[2]

So Far Away – Married in 1891, Rectified in 1907

The villages that Johannes and Margaritha grew up in, Osweiler and Born, are not that far apart. I have no idea how they met but by the time they were in their twenties they came to be married in Rosport.

In 1996 I took at short trip, less than 9 km from where I live, to visit the records office at the town hall of Rosport. The plan was to ask if they would look up several marriage records and make copies for me to take home.

The person in the office opened the vault and gave me permission to find the documents on my own. I had never been given access to original records and you can imagine how nervous I was handling the old ledgers.

I found several of the marriage records that I was interested in, including the 1891 marriage record my children’s great-great-grandparents Johann SCHWARTZ and Margaritha GORGES. Photocopies were kindly made and I was on my way home within an hour.

Johann SCHWARTZ age 25 married Margaritha GORGES age 23 on the 24th of August 1891 in Rosport. At 5 o’clock in the afternoon they met with Mathias BISDORFF, alderman, and were joined in marriage. In the marriage record Mr. BISDORFF named the parents of the bride and groom, including their ages and occupations, and remarked that they were agreeable to the marriage. He also included a sentence about the birth records of the bride and groom having been seen. Banns had been read in both communities on two Sundays, the 2nd and 9th of August in Rosport, and the 9th and 16th in Mompach. Four witnesses, none of whom were relatives of either party, were present: Johann Peter HIPPERT, Franz SCHABERT, Johann DALEIDEN, and Johann SCHABERT. Everyone present, it was believed, signed the marriage record.[3]

1891signatures

Signatures on the marriage record.

I didn’t have to go far to get the record. But was it enough? I was still so far away from having a document that would prove their legal marriage. In the left margin of the marriage record an annotation was made 16 years later, in 1907: The absence of the signature of the civil official was rectified by a judgment of the District Court in Diekirch on 5 June 1907. See Register of Marriage 1907 record No. 16. The civil servant of the community Rosport, Mayor M. RIES.[3]

1907annotation

Margin of 1891 Marriage Record No. 12 seen in Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images) [4]

1891marriagerosport

Margin of the 1891 Marriage Record No. 12. A photocopy I obtained from the records office of the town hall in Rosport in 1996.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What happened? In 1907 or earlier someone realized that Mathias BISDORFF, who did a great job with information on all the persons concerned, never signed the marriage record. Not only was the original in Rosport not signed by him but also the duplicate that was sent to the archives. I have a copy of both. Above right, the one I obtained in 1996[3] and, above left, the scanned image of the copy found in the Luxembourg National Archives that I accessd at FamilySearch in 2013.[4]

Note: When I began doing genealogy in the early 1990s I did not have internet access and concentrated on the families in Luxembourg, visiting, calling, and writing to the city/town halls for information. In 2000 I switched over to doing research on my American families when we got access to the internet. Fast forward to the early 2010s when I finally went back to working on the Luxembourg families using the records on FamilySearch. That is one of the reasons being able to use the “so far away” theme.

While preparing to write this, nineteen years after finding the original marriage record, I searched for the 1907 marriage entry that was noted in the margin. It was not a regular marriage record. It was a transcript of the court records that finally rectified the error on the marriage record. See page 1 and page 2 & 3 of the judgment transcript.[5] By the time that the courts got involved Johann SCHWARTZ and Margaritha GORGES had been married nearly 16 years and were the parents of 10 children.

Johann and Margaritha in the Luxembourg Census

In 1895 Johann and Margaritha are seen for the first time together on the Luxembourg census in their own household. Johann’s occupation was Tüncher Meister which could be translated today as master plasterer.  In earlier days due to the overlapping of crafts, a painter was also called a Tüncher. This is the only record in which Johann was seen as Tüncher, a term that is no longer widely used. The word Tünch was a term used in the mid-19th century for a fine layer of plaster that was put on walls and ceilings. In the birth records of his children Johann was seen as Weißer (literally, whiter) or Anstreicher (painter).

In the household were their four children Catherine, Marie, Josephine, and Johann. At the time that this census was enumerated Johann had only three living siblings: Heinrich, Nicolas, and Marie. A closer study of the census shows that Johann’s parents Johann SCHWARTZ and Catharina SCHMITT and his brother Nicolas were living with the young SCHWARTZ-GORGES family. Turning the page, on the back side of the sheet, are the names of two persons who normally would be living in this home but were away from home. Johann’s sister Marie had been working in Trier, Germany, as a maid (Dienstmagd) for 6 months. Johann’s brother Heinrich was in America and had been there 5 years.

1895census

1895 Luxembourg Census [6]

1895census2

1895 Luxemboug Census (back page)

By 1900 there were more children in the household of Johann and Margaritha SCHWARTZ-GORGES. Along with Catherine, Marie, Josephine, and Johann seen in the 1895 census we now see Magdalena, Angela and Elise. Johann’s widowed mother Catharina SCHMITT is also in the household. His brothers Heinrich, back home from his stay in America, and Nicolas married during the year and have their own households.

1900census

1900 Luxembourg Census [7]

The Children of Johann and Margaritha SCHWARTZ-GORGES

1892birth

Catharina (birth)

Child 1: Catherine “Ketty” SCHWARTZ (1892-1974), my husband’s grandmother, was born 2 February 1892 in Osweiler.[8] At the time of her marriage on 15 June 1923 in Diekirch to Johann Peter MEDER (1888-1954), Ketty was working as a midwife.[9] Ketty and Johann Peter were married in a religious ceremony the next day. They were the parents of two sons, Fritz and Marcel. Ketty died 1 February 1974 in Ettelbrück, as annotated in her birth record.[8]

1893birth

Maria Anna (birth)

Child 2: Maria Anna SCHWARTZ (1893- ) was born 2 April 1893 in Osweiler.[10] She married Mathias “Metti” WOLF (1879- ) on 16 February 1917 in Echternach.[11] They were the parents of three daughters and two sons. The death date of both Maria Anna and her husband Metti are not annotated on their birth records which would suggest that they died before this became a practice.

 

1894birth

Maria Josephine (birth)

Child 3: Maria Josephine SCHWARTZ (1894-1982) was born 24 July 1894 in Osweiler.[12] She married Mathias SCHAMINÉ (1892- ) on 24 February 1919 in Rosport.[13] They were the parents of a son and a daughter. Maria Josephine died 8 November 1982 in Esch-zur-Alzette, as annotated on her birth record.[12]

 

1895birth

Johann Bernard (birth)

Child 4: Johann Bernard “Jean” SCHWARTZ (1895-1969) was born 20 August 1895 in Osweiler.[14] He married Sophie Cathérine LEHNEN (1896- ) on 29 August 1923 in Ettelbrück.[15] At that time his occupation was a caretaker of the ill (Kranken-Wärter). Jean and Sophie were the parents of two daughters. He died 3 January 1969 in Luxembourg City, as annotated on his birth record.[14]

1897birth

Magdalena (birth)

Child 5: Magdalena “Madeleine” SCHWARTZ (1897-1949) was born 16 January 1897 in Osweiler.[16] She married Pierre RECKING and they did not have children. Madeleine died 23 January 1949 after a long and painful illness in Luxembourg City per her obituary found in the Luxemburger Wort.[17]

 

1898birth

Angela (birth)

Child 6: Angela SCHWARTZ (1898-1983) was born 5 August 1898 in Osweiler.[18] She married August KRAEMER and they had one daughter. Angela died 25 May 1983 in Salzgitter, Niedersachsen, Deutschland, as annotated on her birth record.[18]

 

1900birth

Elisabetha (birth)

Child 7: Elisabetha SCHWARTZ (1900-1978) was born 15 March 1900 in Osweiler.[19] She married Nicolas RIPP and had a daughter and a son. Elisabetha died 3 November 1978 in Luxembourg City, as annotated on her birth record.[19]

 

 

1901birth

Florentine (birth)

Child 8: Florentine SCHWARTZ (1901-1996) was born 15 September 1901 in Osweiler.[20] She married Pierre POOS. They had two daughters, one who died at the age of 12 years. Florentine died 24 October 1996 in Luxembourg City, as annotated on her birth record.[20]

 

1903birth

Anna Margaretha (birth)

1903death

Anna Margaretha (death)

Child 9: Anna Margaretha SCHWARTZ (1903- ) was born 30 July 1903 in Osweiler.[21] She died at the age of three months on 23 Oct 1903 in Osweiler.[22]

 

1905birth

Virginie (birth)

Child 10: Virginie SCHWARTZ (1905-1974) was born 8 October 1905 in Osweiler.[23] She married Michel WOLF (1894-1979) and had one son. Virginie died 17 December 1974 in Esch-sur-Alzette, as annotated on her birth record.[23] Her husband Michel WOLF was the brother of Mathias “Metti” WOLF who married her sister (Child 2) Anna Maria in 1917.

 

1907birth

Anna (birth)

1919death

Anna (death)

Child 11: Anna SCHWARTZ (1907-1919) was born 26 September 1907 in Osweiler.[24] She died 8 June 1919 in Osweiler at the age of 12.[25]

 

1910birth

Ernst Johann (birth)

Child 12: Ernst Johann SCHWARTZ (1910-1975) was born 23 September 1910 in Osweiler.[26] He married a Miss ROULLING, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. ROULLING-WEISGERBER. They had a daughter and a son. Ernst died 29 January 1975 in Esch-sur-Alzette, as annotated on his birth record.[26]

The Deaths of Johann and Margaritha

1920death

1920 Death Record No. 1 [27]

Johann SCHWARTZ, a painter (Anstreicher) was the first person in the community of Rosport to die in 1920 as is  reflected in his death record being the first in the death register for that year. He died on 4 January 1920 in Osweiler at 6 in the evening at the age of 53. His brother Nicolas, 51, and an acquaintance, the 71 years old Peter CLASSEN, reported his death the following day.[27]Johann’s widow lived nearly 19 years longer. Margaritha GORGES died 23 October 1938 in Osweiler after a short illness in her 71st year.[28] Ten of her twelve children survived her as well as 18 grandchildren. Only one grandchild was born after her death. Robert Pierre Schwartz, known as Roby, was born in 1950 and lived less than three months.

MRIN00004 1938-10-24 Marg. Schwartz-Gorges obit

Luxemburger Wort [28]

Funeral Notice
Mr and Mrs Pierre Meder-Schwartz and their sons François and Marcel; Mr and Mrs Mathias Wolf-Schwartz and their children Lisy, Ketty, Albert, Marguerite and Charles; Mr and Mrs Math. Schaminé-Schwartz and their children Marcel and Angèle; Mr and Mrs Jean Schwartz-Lehnen and their daughters Nelly and Marie-Thérèse; Mr and Mrs Pierre Reking-Schwartz; Mr and Mrs Aug. Kraemer-Schwartz and their daughter Yvonne; Mr and Mrs Nicolas Ripp-Schwartz and their children Marguerite and Fredy; Mr and Mrs Peter Poos-Schwartz and their daughters Thilly and Maisy; Mr and Mrs Mich. Wolf-Schwartz and their son Erny; Mr and Mrs Ernest Schwartz-Roulling and their daughter Marie-Josée; the Gorges, Schwartz and related families have the profound pain to share the irreparable loss they have experienced in the person of
Mrs. (widow of) Jean SCHWARTZ
née Marg. GORGES
their beloved and lamented mother, stepmother, grandmother, sister, sister-in-law, aunt and cousin died piously in Osweiler, October 23, at 8 o’clock in the morning after a short illness, in her 71st year, provided with the last rites of the church.
Burial followed by funeral service to be held at Osweiler, Wednesday, October 24,at 10.30 am.
Osweiler, Diekirch, Echternach, Esch-sur-Alzette., Niedercorn, Pétange, Bettembourg, Belvaux, 24 October 1938.                         4954
This notice serves as a letter of participation.[28]

Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Rosport > Décès 1815-1823 Naissances 1797-1888 > image 1067 of 1499, 1866 Birth Record No. 4. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-11618-14115-74?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L6K:n1548117469 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[2] Ibid, Mompach > Naissances 1834-1890 Mariages 1797-1814, 1796-1809, 1799-1830 > image 337 of 1393, 1868 Birth Record No. 14. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12131-132414-2?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-LHS:2047330937 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[3] Rosport, Registres d’état civil (originals), photocopy of 1891 Marriage Record No. 12 obtained in person in 1996.
[4] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Rosport > Naissances, mariages, décès 1891-1894 > image 84 of 176, 1891 Marriage Record No. 12. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12165-230927-71?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L6R:n2017357688 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[5] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > images 577 & 578 of 823, 1907 Marriage Record No. 16 (court rectification). (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32046-4821-20?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed 5 February 2015 and https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32046-4613-12?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed 5 February 2015
[6] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Rosport > 1895 > image 218 of 677. Schwartz-Gorges household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32393-11394-75?cc=2037957&wc=M5GZ-RM6:346331501,345878001 : accessed 04 Aug 2014).
[7] Ibid, Rosport > 1900 > image 354 of 690. Schwartz-Gorges household. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32396-11815-30?cc=2037957&wc=M5GX-J4V:346331501,345873901 : accessed 04 Aug 2014).
[8] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages, décès 1891-1894 > image 19 of 176, 1892 Birth Record No. 9; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12165-230679-90?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L6R:n2017357688 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[9] Ibid, Diekirch > Mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 461 of 661, 1923 Marriage Record No. 9. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32037-28712-77?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2NF:21518491 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[10] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages, décès 1891-1894 > image 40 of 176, 1893 Birth Record No. 17. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12165-232142-74?cc=1709358&wc=9RYZ-92Q:130314401,129717601 : accessed 21 May 2011).
[11] Ibid, Echternach > Mariages 1906-1923 Décès 1895-1912 > image 161 of 675, 1917 Marriage Record No. 3. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32043-11426-91?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2VR : accessed 2 February 2015).
[12] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages, décès 1891-1894 > image 64 of 176, 1894 Birth Record No. 25; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12165-229965-68?cc=1709358&wc=9RYZ-92Q:130314401,129717601 : accessed 21 May 2011).
[13] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 664 of 823, 1919 Marriage Record No. 4. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32046-4513-34?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-L6G:2025664037 : accessed 11 January 2013).
[14] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 13 of 823, 1895 Birth Record No. 40; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32046-3928-15?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed ‎11‎ ‎January ‎2013).
[15] Ibid, Ettelbruck > Mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 481 of 731, 1923 Marriage Record No. 22. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32038-27338-78?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-SPD:129625001,130043302 : accessed 3 February 2015).
[16] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 42 of 823, 1897 Birth Record No. 5. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32046-3763-41?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed ‎11‎ ‎January ‎2013).
[17] Luxemburger Wort, digitized by the Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg, http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Verlage der St-Paulus-Druckerei, Luxembourg), 1949 January 25, page 5, column 3. (http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=813930&search_terms=Recking#panel:pp|issue:813930|article:DTL532|query:Recking : accessed 8 February 2015).
[18] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 70 of 823, 1898 Birth Record No. 35; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32046-3755-6?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accesed 11 January 2013).
[19] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 104 of 823, 1900 Birth Record No. 13; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32046-3497-16?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed 11 January 2013).
[20] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 129 of 823, 1901 Birth Record No. 41; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32046-5430-62?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed 11 January 2013).
[21] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 168 of 823, 1903 Birth Record No. 38. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32046-6150-60?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed 11 January 2013).
[22] Ibid, Rosport > Décès 1903-1923 > image 8 of 262. 1903 Death Record No. 26. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32039-4575-3?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-7MC:130314401,129640001 : accessed 8 February 2015).
[23] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 207 of 823, 1905 Birth Record No. 60; includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32046-5842-19?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed 11 January 2013).
[24] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 244 of 823, 1907 Birth Record No. 46. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32046-5402-62?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed 11 January 2013).
[25] Ibid, Rosport > Décès 1903-1923 > image 212 of 262, 1919 Death Record No. 22. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32039-5909-92?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-7MC:130314401,129640001 : accessed 15 Aug 2014).
[26] Ibid, Rosport > Naissances, mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 295 of 823, 1910 Birth Record No. 41, includes annotation of death. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32046-5633-38?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-YWL:130314401,130635602 : accessed 11 January 2013).
[27] Ibid, Rosport > Décès 1903-1923 > image 218 of 262, 1920 Death Record No. 1. (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32039-6540-19?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-7MC:130314401,129640001 : accessed 15 Aug 2014).
[28] Luxemburger Wort, digitized by the Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg, http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Verlage der St-Paulus-Druckerei, Luxembourg), 1938 October 24, page 8, column 5. (http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu/webclient/DeliveryManager?application=DIRECTLINK&custom_att_2=simple_viewer&pid=747094&search_terms=gorges#panel:pp|issue:747094|article:DTL629|query:gorges : accessed 3 February 2015).

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Johann SCHWARTZ
Parents: Johann SCHWARTZ and Catharina SCHMITT
Spouse: Margaritha GORGES
Parents of Spouse: Johann GORGES and Catharina SCHERFF
Whereabouts: Osweiler, Rosport, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s great-grandparents

  1. Johann SCHWARTZ and Margaritha GORGES
  2. Ketty SCHWARTZ
  3. Marcel Mathias MEDER
  4. Cathy’s husband

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

52ancestors-2015This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge:
52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.

Posted in 52 Ancestors - 2015, Luxembourg, Luxracines | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments

52 Ancestors: #5 The MEDER-FABER Family of Diekirch 1846-1954

Week 5, Plowing throughWe will likely be plowing through a lot of snow by this time. What ancestor had a lot of struggles to plow through? Or take it more literally… It’s up to you :)

It has always been said that my husband’s grandfather Jean-Pierre MEDER was the youngest of twelve and married the oldest of twelve, Ketty SCHWARTZ. I had to plow through census, birth, marriage, and death records to prove/disprove that the MEDER-FABER family, as tradition goes, had a dozen children.

Slow Down, You Move Too Fast

red-do-over-button - smallI’m following Thomas MacEntee’s Genealogy Do-Over and the discussions in the Facebook group of the same name.  I’m not an “All-in” participant or even a modified participant. I’m willing to learn new things and have already slown down a bit.

My blogpost this week became a family group study. I went through every document and extracted as much information as possible. I cited the sources (one of the topics in Week 5) and attached the documents in my genealogy program. I did this slowly, and extractions of the information in the records is reflected in the account below for the family.

The MEDER-FABER Family of Diekirch 1846-1954

Records for the Meder-Faber family of Diekirch in the beautiful country of Luxembourg span the period from 1846, the year that both of my husband’s great-grandparents were born, until 1954 when their youngest and last living child, my husband’s grandfather, died.

1846faberbirth

Elizabetha

Elisabetha FABER was born on the 19th of February 1846 in Diekirch, Luxembourg. Her father Johann FABER, 33 years old stonemason (Steinhauer), reported her birth at 11 o’clock in the morning the following day. Elise, as she was later seen in some records, was born at 11 o’clock in the morning. Her mother Maria LORENTZ was 32 years old. Anton PREUSEN, 55, farmer, and Franz LORENTZ, 34, uncle of the child, were witnesses. Johann-Baptiste DIDIER was the civil officer who recorded the birth.[1]

1846mederbirth

Franz

Franz MEDER was born on the 17th of May 1846 in Diekirch, Luxembourg. His father Theodor MEDER, 37 years old day laborer (Taglöhner), reported his birth at at 11 o’clock in the morning the following day. Franz was born at 11 o’clock in the morning. His mother Susanna REIFFER (Reifer on birth record) was 37 years old. Nikolas FOOS and Damian WILLMES were witnesses. Johann-Baptiste DIDIER was the civil officer who recorded the birth.[2]

The Marriage of Franz MEDER and Elisabetha FABER

1869marriage

Meder-Faber marriage

Franz MEDER and Elisabetha FABER were married at 6 o’clock the evening of Monday, 20 September 1869 in Diekirch by the mayor Ernest FRANÇOIS. Franz was 23 and a day laborer (Taglöhner), Elisabetha was 23 and a seamstress (Näherin). Both of Franz’s parents and Elisabetha’s father were present and agreeable to the marriage. Elisabetha’s mother had died in 1851 a week before little Elise’s 5th birthday. Her date of death is seen in her daughter’s marriage record. Marriage banns had been read Sunday the 5th and the 12th of September. The four witnesses to the marriage were all known to the bridal couple: Franz KREMER, [illegible] WEBER, Mathias WENGLER, and Peter GOEBEL. All persons present, except for the parents of the bridal couple who could not write, signed the marriage record.[3]

A Family for Franz and Elisabetha

1870johannbirth

Johann

Child #1: Johann MEDER was born on 10 Mar 1870 at 10 o’clock in the morning in Diekirch. His father Franz, a day laborer (Taglöhner), was 23 and his mother Elisabetha was 24. Witnesses to the birth record, filled out the next day by Ernest FRANÇOIS, were Mathias WENGLER and Johan BETTENDORF. The three men were city hall employees.[4]

 

1871antonbirth

Anton

Child #2: Anton MEDER was born at 10 o’clock the evening of 14 October 1871 in Diekirch. The following morning at 11 o’clock his father Franz, 24, day laborer (Taglöhner), informed Nicolas MERGEN that his wife Elizabetha, 25, had given birth to a son who they wanted to name Anton. Mathias WENGLER and Johan BETTENDORF were witnesses.[5]

1871 Luxembourg Census

1871census

1871 Luxembourg Census for the FABER and MEDER-FABER families who lived in Diekirch.

In 1871 Franz (1847) and Elisabetha (1846) are seen for the first time on a census in the same household.[6] The census was enumerated for the night between the 30th of November and the 1st of December and shows two households in one home. Franz and Elisabetha and their two sons (bottom group) are living in the same home as Elisabeth’s parents and two of her sisters (top group). Franz is seen as a day laborer and Elisabetha has no occupation. The sons are listed as Jean (1870) and Joseph (1871). Jean is the French equivalent of Johann but Joseph is not the same as Anton. Joseph and Anton are the same child, Joseph possibly being a baptismal name.

It must be noted that Elisabetha was born in February 1846 and Franz in May 1846 making Elisabetha 3 months older than Franz. From May until February the couple would have the same age however in most records, as will be seen here, Elizabeth was seen as being one year older than Franz.

1873johannbirth

Johann Peter (the elder)

Child #3: Johann Peter MEDER was born at 10 o’clock the evening of 12 June 1873 in Diekirch. Two day later his father Franz, 26, day laborer (Taglöhner), went to the city hall at 11 o’clock in the morning to have the birth of his child by his wife Elizabeth, 27, registered by the mayor Johann JUTTEL. Mathias ZENNER, 30, carpenter (Schreiner), and Mathias WENGLER, 46, city hall secretary (Sekretär), were witnesses.[7]

1875theodorebirth

Théodore

Child #4: Théodore MEDER was born at 5 o’clock the evening of 20 Apr 1875 in Diekirch. The following day his father Franz, 28, day laborer (Taglöhner), went to the city hall at 2 o’clock in the afternoon to have the birth of his child by his wife Elizabetha, 30, registered by the mayor Johann JUTTEL. Johann Baptiste KESSLER, 60, church officer (Köster) and Johann BETTENDORFF, 60, town crier/messenger (Gemeindebote), were witnesses.[8]

1875 Luxembourg Census

1875census

1875 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 80 in Diekirch

In 1875 Franz (1847) and Elisabetha (1846) are seen on the 1875 census with their four sons: Johann (1869), Joseph (1871), Joh. Peter (1872), and Théodore (1875). Franz’s occupation was listed as Gerbergesell or tanner. All members of the household were born in Diekirch, of Catholic faith, and Luxembourg nationals. The census was enumerated for the night between the 30th of November and the 1st of December. The years of birth do not all match the birth records found but are within a year of the true date.[9]

1876johannpeterbirth

Johann Peter (birth)

Child #5: Johann Peter MEDER was born at 1 o’clock in the morning of 14 October 1876 in Diekirch. His father Franz, 30, day laborer (Taglöhner), went to the city hall at 11 o’clock the same day to declare his birth to Johann JUTTEL, mayor. The mother Elisabetha was 31. Witnesses were the city hall secretary Mathias WENGLER, 50, (Sekretär), and his brother Johann Baptiste WENGLER, 35, who appears to have been visiting as his residence was listed as Antwerp (Belgium).[10]

1877johannpeterdeath

Johann Peter (death)

Eleven months later Franz, 30, once again made a visit to the city hall at 11 o’clock to declare the death of his second son named Johann Peter on 29 September 1877 in their home in Diekirch at 9 o’clock in the morning. Franz LEYDER, 59, forester (Förster), accompanied him, or was present in the city hall, and Johann JUTTEL was the person who filled in the death record. Elisabetha, the mother, was listed as 32.[11] Whent his child died Elisabetha was pregnant with her next child.

1878elisebirth

Elisabetha

Child #6: Elisabetha MEDER was born at 7 o’clock in the afternoon of 17 April 1878 in Diekirch. Her father Franz, 32, worker (Arbeiter), went the next day at 11 o’clock to the city hall to declare the birth to Johann JUTTEL. The mother Elisabetha was 33. Witnesses were Franz LEYDER, 54, forester (Förster), and Peter VAN KAUVENBERG, 37, coacher (Fuhrmann).[12] The next record in the birth register was for Peter Van Cauvenbergh’s son Peter which would explain his presence when Franz registered his daughter. It is interesting to view records recorded the same day as they can help to answer questions about the relationship of the witnesses to the claimant.

1880philippebirth

Philippe (birth)

Child #7: Philippe MEDER was born on 4 April 1880 at 10 o’clock in the evening in Diekirch. Franz, 34, worker (Arbeiter), gave the information to Johann JUTTEL two days later at 11 o’clock in the morning. The mother Elisabetha was 35. Witnesses were Mathias WENGLER, 54, secretary (Sekretär), (note: Mr. Merten signed, not Mr. Wengler) and Johann Peter DELOOS, 35.[13]

1880philippedeath

Philippe (death)

Philippe died at noon on 8 November 1880 in his parents’ home. His father Franz, 34, day laborer (Taglöhner), made the declaration on the 9th. Philippe was in his 8th month at the time of his death and his mother Elizabetha was 35. Witness was Mathias WENGLER, secretary (Sekretär), who was listed as age 30, most likely an error as the person of the same name who has been seen as city hall secretary was older and listed as 54 in the next death record. Johann JUTTEL was once again the person who took the information for the record.[14] Elisabetha may have already been pregnant with her next child.

1880 Luxembourg Census

1880census

1880 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 85 in Diekirch

In 1880 the census was again taken for the night of 30 November to 1 December 1880. Along with Franz, Elisabetha, and their five living children (Johann, Joseph, Johann Peter, Théodore, and Elise) we see Franz’s widowed father Théodore living in the household.[15]

1881helenebirth

Hélène

Child #8: Hélène MEDER was born at 11 o’clock in the evening on 1 June 1881 in Diekirch. Her father Franz, 35, worker (Arbeiter), went to the city hall two days later, on the 3rd at 11 o’clock in the morning and once again met with Johann JUTTEL to register the birth of the child born to his wife  Elisabetha, 36. Witnesses were Mathias WENGLER, 54, secretary (Sekretär), and Johann Baptiste KESSLER, 68.[16]

 

1883heinrichbirth

Heinrich

Child #9: Heinrich MEDER was born the morning of 2 March 1883 at 5 o’clock in Diekirch. Johann JUTTEL was the civil servant who filled out his birth record the same afternoon at 2 o’clock with the information the father Franz, 36, tanner (Gerbergesell), gave for the child and the mother Elisabetha, 36. Witnesses were Mathias WENGLER, 56, secretary (Sekretär) and Johann KORT, 49, a police officer.[17]

 

1885annebirth

Anna

Child #10: Anna MEDER was born at 10:30 in the evening of 12 July 1885 in Diekirch. Her father Franz, 39, tanner (Gerbergesell) met with Johann Peter SCHOLTES the next morning at 11 o’clock to register the birth of the daughter born to his wife Elisabetha, 40.  Witnesses were Johann KORT, 51, a police officer, and Jacob MERTEN, 39, church officer (Köster).[18]

1885 Luxembourg Census

The quality of the census sheet for the 1885  Luxembourg census [19] is poor. Instead of including the image I choose to make a short transcription of the information listed (omitted below: all persons in household were born in Diekirch, were Catholic and of Luxembourg nationality; only the parents were married):

1885 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 8 in Diekirch
Verzeichniß aller in der Nacht vom 30. November zum 1. Dezember in der Wohnung anwesenden Personen.
(List of all person present in the night of 30 Nov to 1 Dec in the home)
Vorname-Familienname-Verwandschaft-Geschlecht-Geburtstag&Jahr-Beruf
First name-Surname-Relationship-Gendwer-Birthdate-Occupation
1. Franz MEDER Vater männlich 24 März 1846 Gerbergeselle (tanner)
2. Elise FABER Mutter weiblich 20 März 1845 Haushälterin (housekeeper)
3. Jean MEDER Sohn männlich 10 März 1870 Zuckerbäcker (confectioner)
4. Joseph MEDER Sohn männlich 18 Februar 1872 Zuckerbäcker (confectioner)
5. Jean Pierre MEDER Sohn männlich 5 Juni 1873 ohne Stand (without occ.)
6. Théodore MEDER Sohn männlich 18 April 1875 ohne Stand
7. Elisabeth MEDER Tochter weiblich 10 April 1878 ohne Stand
8. Magdalena MEDER Tochter weiblich 15 März 1881 ohne Stand
9. Ignatus MEDER Sohn männlich 3 März 1883 ohne Stand
10. Anna MEDER Tochter weiblich 11 Juni 1885 ohne Stand
Key: Vater (Father), Mutter (mother), Sohn (son), Tochter (daughter), männlich (male), weiblich (female)

When compared to the birth records seen above all of the birthdates are off except for the oldest son Jean. Daughter Hélène is seen with the German variation of her name, Magdalena. Son Heinrich is now seen as “Ignatus” which may have been one of his baptismal names. As will be seen in later census records this son was only seen as Heinrich on his birth record and as Ignatius (or some form of this name) in all other records.

1887 Luxembourg Census

1887census

1887 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 66 in Diekirch

In 1887 the census was taken on the 1st of February instead of the usual 1st of December. The persons in the household did not change from 1885 to 1887 although some names had different spelling variations. Ignatus name was listed as Ignace.[20]

1888birth

Johann Peter (the younger)

Child #11: Johann Peter MEDER was born at 1 o’clock the morning of 20 November 1888 in Diekirch. His father Franz, 42, tanner (Gerbergesell), went to the city hall the same morning at 10 o’clock to register his son with Johann Peter SCHOLTES. The mother Elizabetha was 43. Witnesses were Mathias WENGLER, 63, secretary, and Johann KORT, 55, a police officer.[21]

Note: This is the second living son with this name. In the census in 1890 and 1895 he is seen as Peter and then as Johann Peter in 1900 when his older brother Johann Peter was  living and working in Paris, France.

1890 Luxembourg Census

1890census

1890 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 78

On the 1890 census Franz and Elise, as Elisabetha was listed, had in their household their children Joseph, Joh. Peter, Elise, Hélène, Ignace, Anna, and Peter. Their oldest sons Johann and Théodore were not at home.[22]

The Luxembourg census has Control Lists with the names of the heads of household. These are helpful when finding families however when young persons were apprenticed they may have lived with the employer’s family. FamilySearch has nearly 1,700 images for  the town of Diekirch for 1890. I have not gone through page by page for the missing sons as they show up once again in later years.

1895marriage

Meder-Zimmer Marriage

Franz and Elisabetha’s oldest son was the first to marry. Johann MEDER was 25 and a confectioner (Zuckerbäcker) when he married Cathérine ZIMMER, 21 and a maid (Dienstmagd) on 23 September 1895 at 7 o’clock in the evening. Both of Johann’s parents, Cathérine’s mother, four witnesses, and the alderman who performed the civil ceremony were present and all appear to have signed the marriage record (below) except for Johann’s mother Elisabetha FABER.[23]

1895marriage1895 Luxembourg Census

1895census1

1895 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 84 in Diekirch

1895census2

1895 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 84 in Diekirch. Page with persons who belonged in the household but were not living in it at the time of census.

On the 1895 census we see that the person who filled out the form had to marked out things and start over. Franz, now seen as François, and Elizabetha, seen as Eliza, have their children Joseph, Théodore, Elisa, Hélène, Ingnatz (sic), Anna, and Peter in the household. Their son Johann Peter (the elder) has been working in Paris, France, for a month.[24] Their oldest son Jean, married in September that year, was in his own household next door to his parents. Household No. 83

1900 Luxembourg Census

1900census1

1900 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 82 in Diekirch.

1900census2

1900 Luxembourg Census: Meder-Faber household No. 82 in Diekirch. Page with persons who belonged in the household but were not living in it at the time of census.

By the time the 1900 census was enumerated the children of Franz and Elisa were older but still living in the parental home. Joseph, Théodore, and Ignace were workers. Anna and Johann Peter, the youngest, most likely were still in school as they did not have an occupation listed. Three of the children, although they belonged in the household, were now in Paris, France: Johann Peter (the elder) had been working there 3 years; Elise had been in service for a  year and Hélène for 4 months.[25] Son Johann was living next door or perhaps in the same house in household No. 81 with his wife and three children.

1904marriage

Meder-Zimmer marriage(2)

Théodore MEDER, 29, a worker (Arbeiter) married Magdalena ZIMMER, 26, no occupation, on 28 May 1904 at 5 o’clock in the afternoon. Magdalena was the sister of Cathérine ZIMMER who married Théodore’s brother Johann in 1895. Théodore’s parents Franz and Elisabetha and Magdalena’s mother were present and consenting to the marriage. The four witnesses were not relatives of either the bride or groom.[26]

 

 

1907ignace

Ignatus (death)

On the morning of 23 March 1907 at 10 o’clock in the morning Franz MEDER, 60, tanner (Gerber), and his oldest son Johann MEDER, 37, confectioner (Zuckerbäcker), went to the Hotel de Ville (city hall) in Diekirch to declare the death of Ignatius who had died at 2:30 in the afternoon the previous day. Friedrich FRANÇOIS was the civil servant who took the information.[27]

 

1908marriage

Meder-Winter marriage

Anton MEDER, 34, a worker (Arbeiter) married Marguerite WINTER, 25, were married 29 August 1908 at 11 o’clock in the morning by Felix REDING, alderman (Schöffen) as the mayor was not available. Anton’s parents Franz and Elisabetha were both present and consenting to the marriage. Marguerite’s parents were both deceased and their dates of death were given on the marriage record. Two of the witnesses were not relatives and the other two were Anton’s brothers Johann, 38, and Théodore, 32.[28]

Note: As all persons present signed the marriage record, this document has the signatures of the parents, Franz and Elizabetha, and three of their sons.

signatures

Signatures on the marriage record of Anton and Marguerite

 

1910death

Elise (daughter) death

Elisabetha MEDER died at 4 o’clock in the afternoon of 21 February 1910 in her parents’ home in Diekirch. Her father Franz, 63, worker (Arbeiter), declared the death the next day at 9 o’clock in the morning to the mayor Peter PEMMERS of Diekirch. Johann BOEHM, civil servant (Apparitor) was a witness. The deceased was listed as Elise MEDER age 31 and without occupation. The mother was listed as Elise FABER age 64 and without an occupation.[29]

1915death

Elisabetha (Elise) FABER death

Five years later the mother of this family, Elisabetha FABER died at 12:30 in the early morning of 28 February 1915 in her home in Diekich. Her husband Franz MEDER, 68, street worker (Strassenarbeiter) and her youngest son Johann Peter MEDER, 26, brewery worker (Brauarbeiter), declared her death to Peter PEMMERS the same morning at 10 o’clock. She was listed as Elise FABER, 69, without occupation, daughter of the deceased Mr. and Mrs. (Eheleute) Johann FABER-LORENTZ and wife of Franz MEDER.[30]

MRIN00003 1923-06-15 Jean-Pierre Meder and Catherine Schwartz wedding

1923 Meder-Schwartz

Eight years later the youngest son of Franz and Elisabetha, Johann Peter MEDER, brewery worker, married his Ketty SCHWARTZ, midwife, on 15 June 1923 in Diekirch. The groom’s father Franz MEDER was present[31]

Although the title is Luxembourg Civil Registration 1662-1941 for the FamilySearch database, most records are availabe only for up to 1923. I haven’t taken the time to visit the city halls for records after 1923 and have to rely on other sources. Rob Deltgen has compiled information for Diekirch for the time period 1796-1923 and has a website (access only with password) with information on persons who died beyond this period.

Franz’s oldest son Johann  MEDER died 13 May 1928 in Eppeldorf.[32] He left six living children and his widow who remarried in 1936 and was widowed again in 1950.[33]

Seven years after he was present for his youngest son’s marriage Franz MEDER died 7 September 1930 at the age of 84 in Diekirch.[34]

MRIN00136 Helene Meder

Luxemburger Wort

The next death in the family was that of Miss Hélène MEDER who died on Thursday 17 April 1943. She was buried two days later in the cemetery in Diekirch. Her date of death was annotated on her birth record and an announcement was found in the Luxemburger Wort. She was 61 years old.[35]

 

MRIN00136 Anna Meder

Luxemburger Wort

Hélène’s sister Miss Anna MEDER died later the same year on Sunday, 7 November 1943 in Diekirch of a short, painful illness at the age of 58. She was buried two days later in the cemetery in Diekirch. [36]

 

 

MRIN25263 1947-01-22 Théo Meder obit

Luxemburger Wort

Théodore MEDER died on Tuesday, 21 January 1947, at 9:30 in the evening after a long illness. He was in his 72nd year. He left a widow, five sons, and two grandchildren. At least 4 more grandchildren would be born.[37]

In the three death announcements the places that the families lived begin with Diekirch, were they lived, and is followed by Paris. As you will remember from the census records discussed earlier, three of the children went to Paris to work. The girls, Hélène and Anna, returned to Diekirch but until I made a phone call to my husband’s cousin I had no idea what happened to the elder son named Johann Peter b. in 1873.

Johann Peter, the elder, remained in Paris, married and had at least one child, a daughter Pierette who was born ca. 1920-1925. I suspected this but needed confirmation. I met Pierette and her husband in the late 1970s or early 1980s when they came from France to visit with my husband’s uncle Fritz and we saw them several times before Pierette’s death. At the time I knew that she was Fritz’s and my father-in-law’s cousin. By process of elimination I figured out that she had to be the daughter of the elder Johann Peter. My husband’s cousin confirmed that Pierette was the daughter of the brother who lived in Paris but she does not know when he died.

While on the phone I asked her if she knew when Anton died. She offered to call his grandson for more information and get back to me. We both believe that Anton and the elder Johann Peter died before their youngest brother. [Note: About an hour after publishing this, Anton’s grandson confirmed that Anton was called Joseph by the family and that he died at the age of 82, i.e. about 1953.]

My husband’s grandfather Johann Peter (also known as Jean-Pierre) MEDER was the last of the 11 children. He died 23 February 1954 in Diekirch.[38]

What was that I said in the beginning about plowing through the records to prove there were a dozen children? Looks like there were only eleven!

As the years went by the son Anton was always seen as Joseph on the census with his parents. It is possible that Joseph was one of his baptismal names. Luxembourg, Church Records, 1601-1948 went online earlier this month however the time period for this family is not yet available. The Luxembourg census is not always very reliable when it comes to dates of birth as was seen above. The birth year of “Joseph” as he was seen on the census varied from 1871 to 1874. Later when he married and when his children were born he was seen as Anton.

The son who was registed as Heinrich was later seen as Ignatius on the census and this is the name which was used on his death record. I believe that family members who have said that the family had a dozen children may have counted Anton (Joseph) or Heinrich (Ignatus) twice. I know that at one time I had all of these names listed and the number of children was 13.

Finally, while I was talking to my husband’s cousin I asked her about the number of children. She said that she remembered tales of a child who died at birth. So back to the death records I go to check if there may have been a stillbirth that I missed.

Genealogy Sketch

Name: Franz MEDER
Parents: Théodore MEDER and Susanna REIFFER
Spouse: Elizabetha FABER
Parents of Spouse: Johann FABER and Maria LORENTZ
Children: Johann, Théodore, Johann Peter, Théodore, Johann Peter, Elise, Philippe, Hélène, Ignatius, Anna, Jean-Pierre
Relationship to Cathy Meder-Dempsey: husband’s great-grandparents

  1. Franz MEDER and Elisabetha FABER
  2. Jean-Pierre MEDER
  3. Marcel Mathias MEDER
  4. husband of Cathy Meder-Dempsey
Sources:
[1] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1823 > image 562 of 1507. “1846 Birth Record No. 13.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11681-35573-94?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2NV:n960823085 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[2] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1823 > image 569 of 1507. “1846 Birth Record No. 39.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11681-27954-74?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2NV:n960823085 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[3] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Mariages 1843-1890 Décès 1797-1824 > image 562 of 1493. “1869 Marriage Record No. 12.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12052-48904-35?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2ND:n1913802954 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[4] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1823 > image 1246 of 1507. “1870 Birth Record No. 16.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11681-32541-22?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-BZ9:129628901,130131601 : accessed 18 March 2010).
[5] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1823 > image 1287 of 1507. “1871 Birth Record No. 79.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11681-31930-97?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-BZ9:129628901,130131601 : accessed 18 March 2010).
[6] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > 1871 > image 1358 of 1420. “Faber-Lorentz and Meder-Faber households No. 18 & 19.” https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32382-18356-48?cc=2037957&wc=M5GS-ZNP:345999901,345869501 : accessed 7 January 2015).
[7] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1823 > image 1333 of 1507. “1873 Birth Record No. 40.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11681-35167-8?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-BZ9:129628901,130131601 : accessed 18 March 2010).
[8] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1823 > image 1389 of 1507. “1875 Birth Record No. 38.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11681-33342-21?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-BZ9:129628901,130131601 : accessed 18 March 2010).
[9] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > 1875 > image 305, 306, & 307 of 1488. “Meder-Faber household No. 80.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32379-21229-50?cc=2037957&wc=M5G9-SPK:345999901,345870501 : accessed 7 January 2015).
[10] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1823 > image 1439 of 1507. “1876 Birth Record No. 83.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11681-30199-20?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-BZ9:129628901,130131601 : accessed 18 March 2010).
[11] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Décès 1825-1890 > image 1065 of 1358. “1877 Death Record No. 55″ (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12147-169082-70?cc=1709358&wc=9RYC-2NL:129628901,129628902 : accessed 5 January 2015).
[12] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1823 > image 1482 of 1507. “1878 Birth Record No. 30.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11681-29947-67?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-BZ9:129628901,130131601 : accessed 18 March 2010).
[13] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1879-1890 Mariages 1796-1842 > image 43 of 1492. “1880 Birth Record No. 25.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11618-100350-77?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2N2:1627336735 : accessed 17 Feb 2013).
[14] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Décès 1825-1890 > image 1130 of 1358. “1880 Death Record No. 67.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-12147-165690-56?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2NH:n538876208 : accessed 17 Feb 2013).
[15] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > 1880 > image 320, 321, & 322 of 1562. “Meder-Faber household No. 85.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32389-5849-2?cc=2037957&wc=M5GS-GPL:345999901,345872201 : accessed 7 January 2015).
[16] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1879-1890 Mariages 1796-1842 > image 73 of 1492. “1881 Birth Record No. 32; includes annotation of death.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11618-106519-76?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-W38:129628901,130301801 : accessed 18 March 2010).
[17] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1879-1890 Mariages 1796-1842 > image 131 of 1492. “1883 Birth Record No. 21.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11618-105020-82?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-W38:129628901,130301801 : accessed 18 March 2010.
[18] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1879-1890 Mariages 1796-1842 > image 200 of 1492. “1885 Birth Record No. 66.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11618-98266-73?cc=1709358&wc=9RY4-W38:129628901,130301801 : accessed 18 March 2010).
[19] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > 1885 > image 916, 917 & 918 of 1613. “Meder-Faber household No. 8.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32390-14261-68?cc=2037957&wc=M5G7-W38:345999901,345873701 : accessed 2 January 2015).
[20] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > 1887 > image 1197, 1198 & 1199 of 1594. “Meder-Faber household No. 66.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32391-13967-28?cc=2037957&wc=M5G4-3YM:345999901,345875201 : accessed 2 January 2015).
[21] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Naissances 1879-1890 Mariages 1796-1842 > image 297 of 1492. “1888 Birth Record No. 100.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-267-11618-105421-23?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2N2:1627336735 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[22] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > 1890 > image 1560, 1561 & 1562 of 1663. “Meder-Faber household No. 78.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32392-7974-98?cc=2037957&wc=M5GZ-N36:345999901,345876401 : accessed 2 January 2015).
[23] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), FamilySearch (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 9 of 661. “1895 Marriage Record No. 12.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32038-1152-18?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-92Q:129628901,130043302 : accessed 16 January 2015).
[24] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > 1895 > image 378, 379 & 380 of 1738. “Meder-Faber household No. 84.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32395-3034-5?cc=2037957&wc=M5G8-W38:345999901,345878001 : accessed 2 January 2015).
[25] Luxembourg, Volkszählungen 1843-1900 (images), FamilySearch, (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > 1900 > image 1177, 1178 & 1179 of 1812. “Meder-Faber household No. 82.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32397-6228-58?cc=2037957&wc=M9MV-MLX:709480180 : accessed 2 January 2015).
[26] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 133 of 661. “1904 Marriage Record No. 7.”  (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-32038-898-6?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-92Q:129628901,130043302 : accessed 27 January 2015).
[27] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Décès 1903-1912 > image 96 of 500. “1907 Death Record No. 17.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32027-18954-62?cc=1709358&wc=9RTY-J4Q:129628901,129787701 : accessed 5 January 2015).
[28] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 201 of 661. “1908 Marriage Record No. 21.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-32038-427-64?cc=1709358&wc=9RTB-92Q:129628901,130043302 : accessed 7 January 2015).
[29] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Décès 1903-1912 > image 180 of 500. “1910 Death Record No. 11.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32027-19615-86?cc=1709358&wc=9RTY-J4Q:129628901,129787701 : accessed 5 January 2015).
[30] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Décès 1903-1912 > image 292 of 500. “1915 Death Record No. 12.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1961-32027-19436-87?cc=1709358&wc=9RTY-J4Q:129628901,129787701 : accessed 11 January 2015).
[31] Luxembourg, Registres d’état civil, 1793-1923 (images), <i>FamilySearch</i> (original records at Luxembourg National Archives, Plateau du Saint-Esprit, Luxembourg), Diekirch > Mariages 1895-1923 Décès 1895-1902 > image 461 of 661. “1923 Marriage Record No. 9.” (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-32037-28712-77?cc=1709358&wc=M9M6-2NF:21518491 : accessed 01 Apr 2013).
[32] Rob Deltgen, Diekirch : Komplettes Familienbuch der Gemeinde 1796-1923; Family book compiled from civil records. Covers the locality of Diekirch and, until 1823, also the localities of Bastendorf, Bleesmühle, Clairefontaine, Erpeldange, Gilsdorf, Ingeldorf et Tandel. Period: 1796-1923.
[33] Escher Tageblatt; digitized by Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg; online http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Luxembourg); 6 March 1950. Death announcement of Mr. George Dillmann : accessed 1 Feb 2015
[34] Enders-Meder information
[35] Luxemburger Wort, digitized by Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg; online http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Luxembourg), Friday, April 16, 1943. Death announcement of Fräulein Hélène Meder.
[36] Luxembourger Wort, digitized by Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg; online http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Luxembourg), Monday, 8 Nov 1943. Death announcement of Fräulein Anna Meder.
[37] Luxembourger Wort, digitized by Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg; online http://www.eluxemburgensia.lu (Luxembourg), Wednesday, 22 Jan 1947. Obituary of Théodore MEDER.
[38] Commune de Diekirch Nr. 9/1923, Meder-Schwartz Family Book, page 1, full page. This is an official document given to the bride and groom at the time of their civil marriage. It is used to record births, christenings, and deaths of children as well as death of one or the other spouse. Information on groom and bride; date of death of groom annotated on this page. Original in my possession.

© 2015 Cathy Meder-Dempsey

52ancestors-2015This is my weekly entry for Amy Johnson Crow’s challenge:
52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks – 2015 Edition. It was so successful in 2014 that genealogists wanted to continue or join in on the fun in 2015. Be sure to check out the other great posts by visiting Amy’s blog No Story Too Small where she’ll be posting the weekly recap on Thurdays and allowing all participants to leave a link to their post(s) in the comments.

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